click links in text for more info

American Dental Association

The American Dental Association is an American professional association established in 1859 which has more than 161,000 members. Based in the American Dental Association Building in the Near North Side of Chicago, the ADA is the world's largest and oldest national dental association and promotes good oral health to the public while representing the dental profession; the ADA publishes a monthly journal of dental related articles named the Journal of the American Dental Association. The American Dental Association was founded August 3, 1859, at Niagara Falls, New York, by twenty-six dentists who represented various dental societies in the United States. Today, the ADA has 55 constituent and 545 component dental societies, it is the largest and oldest national dental association in the world and is committed to both the public and the dental profession. The association has more than 400 employees at its headquarters in Chicago and its office in Washington, D. C; the Paffenbarger Research Center, located on the campus of the National Institute of Standards and Technology in Gaithersburg, Maryland, an agency of the American Dental Association Foundation and a Department of the Division of Science.

PRC scientists conduct basic and applied studies in clinical research, dental chemistry, polymer chemistry and cariology, are used by of the ADA. The ADA established rigorous guidelines for testing and advertising of dental products, the first ADA Seal of Acceptance was awarded in 1931. Today, about 350 manufacturers participate in the voluntary program and more than 1300 products have received the Seal of Acceptance. Product manufacturers are charged $14,500 for each product. For products that are approved, manufactures pay an annual fee of $3,500. According to the ADA, it does not make a profit from the program; the Board of Trustees, the administrative body of the association, is composed of the president, the president-elect, two vice presidents and 17 trustees from each of the 17 trustee districts in the United States. The treasurer and executive director serve as ex officio members; the House of Delegates, the legislative body of the association, is composed of 460 delegates representing 53 constituent societies, five federal dental services and the American Student Dental Association.

The house meets once a year during the association's annual session. The association's 11 councils serve as policy recommending agencies; each council is assigned to study issues relating to its special area of interest and to make recommendations on those matters to the Board of Trustees and the House of Delegates. The association's official publication is The Journal of the American Dental Association. Other publications include the ADA Guide to Dental Therapeutics; the Commission on Dental Accreditation, which operates under the auspices of the ADA, is recognized by the U. S. Department of Education as the national accrediting body for dental, advanced dental and allied dental education programs in the United States, it is recognized by 47 individual states. The ADA formally recognizes 9 specialty areas of dental practice: dental public health, endodontics and maxillofacial pathology and maxillofacial surgery and dentofacial orthopedics, pediatric dentistry, periodontics and oral and maxillofacial radiology.

The ADA library has an extensive collection of dental literature with 33,000 books and 17,500 bound journal volumes. The ADA library subscribes to more than 600 journal titles; the ADA Foundation is the charitable arm of the association. The Foundation provides grants for dental research, scholarships, access to care and charitable assistance programs such as relief grants to dentists and their dependents who are unable to support themselves due to injury, a medical condition or advanced age; the ADA advocates several positions to legislators in the U. S. Congress, its agenda includes funding dental research into the safety and effectiveness of amalgam and fluoride, supporting student loans and residency programs for future dentists, increased dental coverage from Medicaid and CHIP programs, reducing dental costs through reform of insurance and medical liability and through health information technology, improving public health through water fluoridation, tobacco control, disaster planning and response.

Dudley the Dinosaur is an advertising character from the ADA. He is an anthropomorphic T. rex. He lives with his mom, little sister Dee Dee and baby brother Digby, his friends are prehistoric creatures like mammoths and saber tooth tigers. He, his friends, family teaches children how to have healthy teeth and good oral hygiene in the form of a cartoon character; the character Dudley the Dinosaur debuted in the winter of 1991 and became the nation's first bilingual public service campaign for kids. Dudley has appeared in numerous public service announcements on TV, a dozen National Children's Dental Health Month Campaigns, several coloring books and patient education booklets, four animated shorts produced by the ADA and on 2,500 outdoor billboards around the country. Dudley has won over 100 major awards, appeared as a doll, he stars in comic books and DVDs available from the ADA. 1859: Twenty-six dentists meet in Niagara Falls, New York, form a professional society, named the American Dental Association.

1860: First ADA constitution and bylaws are adopted. 1897: ADA merges with the Southern Dental Association to form the National Dental Association. 1908: NDA publishes the first patient dental education pamphlet. 1913: NDA adopts a new constitution and bylaws, establishing

Central Tool Room and Training Centre, Bhubaneswar

Central Tool Room and Training Centre, Bhubaneswar is an autonomous body under the Ministry of MSME, Government of India. In the era of rapid industrialization in the engineering field, requirements of specialized tools, jigs, moulds, gauges & other precision components are indispensable. Demand for high quality toolmakers are growing rapidly. Central Tool Room & Training Centre Bhubaneswar has been established under Technical cooperation program between Government of India and Government of Denmark as a Govternment of India Society registered under Society Registration Act, XXI, 1860. All infrastructural facilities like land, building etc. have been contributed by Govternment of Orissa. Training activities started in 1991 and Tool production in 1995. Developing production facilities of moulds, fixtures and other sophisticated components for small scale industries. Conducting long and short-term training programmes in the field of tool making and other allied engineering trades both for the freshers and for personnel engaged in this field.

Providing common facilities in precision machining and heat treatment. Providing consultancy facilities for small scale industries in the field of tool engineering aimed at improvement in quality and productivity. Provided few components for Mars Orbiter Mission, Chandraayaan-1 and Chandraayaan-2; the campus has extension centers at Rayagada and Durg. Official website of CTTC Ministry of Micro and Medium Enterprises, Government of India

1968 USA Outdoor Track and Field Championships

The 1968 USA Outdoor Track and Field Championships men's competition took place between June 19-21 at Hughes Stadium on the campus of Sacramento City College in Sacramento, California. The women's division held their championships separately two months combined with the Girls Track and Field Championships at Aurora Public School Stadium in Aurora, Colorado; the 20K race walk took place in Long Beach, California on June 29. The anticipation of the 1968 Summer Olympics affected the choice of Aurora due to the high altitude; the late August date because the entire track and field calendar shifted due to the late October dates for the Olympics. Being an Olympic year, all races were run in meters, it was at this meet, on the evening of June 20, 1968, when three men, Jim Hines, Ronnie Ray Smith and Charlie Greene, bettered the world record in the 100 metres, is famous amongst track and field historians as the "Night of Speed." Hand timing was the official timing system for field worldwide for another 9 years.

During that time, the record was equalled a further 11 times by six additional individuals but was never beaten. Semi-final 1 Semi-final 2 Heat 1 Heat 2 Heat 3 Heat 4 United States Olympic Trials T&FN results results


Runhappy is an American Thoroughbred racehorse. In 2015 he won six consecutive races including the King's Bishop Stakes, Phoenix Stakes, Breeders' Cup Sprint, Malibu Stakes, notably without use of the common raceday medication Lasix, he was named American Champion Sprint Horse for 2015. Runhappy is a bay colt bred in Kentucky by Wayne and Bryan Lyster, he is from the first crop of foals sired by the winner of the 2010 Kentucky Derby. Super Saver made a promising start at stud, with his early progeny including Competitive Edge and Embellish The Lace. Runhappy's dam Bella Jolie won two minor races at Delaware Park Racetrack in 2010, she was descended from Queen Nasra, a broodmare, the ancestor of many important winners including Balanchine. As a yearling the colt was consigned to the Keeneland Sales in September 2013 and was bought for $200,000 by Jim McIngvale, who made his fortune in the furniture business; the colt was sent into training with McIngvale's racing manager and sister-in-law Laura Wohlers.

Runhappy made his first appearance in a maiden race at over six and a half furlongs on the synthetic track at Turfway Park in Kentucky on December 28. Ridden by Adrian Garcia he started second favorite in an eleven-runner field, he went to the front soon after the start and won by eight and a quarter lengths despite showing his inexperience by veering to the right in the straight. On his three-year-old debut, Runhappy was moved up in class for the Grade III Lecomte Stakes at Fair Grounds Race Course in New Orleans on January 17, he suffered at least two serious bumps from his opponents and finished ninth of the eleven runners behind International Star. After the race Maria Borell took over from Wohlers as the colt's trainer. On his first appearance for Borell, Runhappy won an allowance race over six furlongs on a sloppy track at Indiana Grand Race Course on July 7. On a fast track at Ellis Park Race Course that month he won a six and a half allowance leading for most of the way to beat Springboard by two and three quarter lengths.

In both races he was ridden by Erin Walker. Edgar Prado took over the ride when Runhappy was moved up in class for the Grade I King's Bishop Stakes over seven furlongs at Saratoga Race Course on August 29. Before the race Borell explained that she would not use the common raceday medication Lasix saying "I don't like drugs and I don't want to run on Lasix if a horse doesn't need it. Runhappy doesn't need it and he's run Lasix-free in all of his starts". Holy Boss, the winner of the Amsterdam Stakes started as that race's public betting favorite, the other runners in the horse race included Competitive Edge, March, Mr Z and Grand Bili. Runhappy raced in second place before overtaking the outsider Limousine Liberal after the first quarter mile, he maintained his advantage and drew away from his rivals to win by four lengths from Limousine Liberal in a race record time of 1:20.54 with Holy Boss two lengths back in third. After the race Prado commented "The plan was to break good out of the gate.

He was doing everything so easy and I was confident in him going into the first turn. When he started pricking his ears and looking for competition, that made; when I asked him on the top of the stretch and he picked it up, I knew we were in good shape". On the October 2, the opening day of the Keeneland Fall meeting, Runhappy started 7/5 favorite for the Grade III Phoenix Stakes over six furlongs on a sloppy track. Holy Boss was again in opposition but his main danger appeared to come from Work All Week the reigning American Champion Sprint Horse. Ridden again by Prado, Runhappy led for most of the way and kept on in the straight to win by one and three quarter lengths from the Hutcheson Stakes winner Brabados, with Work All Week tking third ahead of Holy Boss. After the race Borell said "He's talented. He's an amazing horse. I'm so lucky and blessed to have him. Thank you so much, James McIngvale and Laura Wohlers. I'm so blessed." She reiterated her stand on Lasix saying "We've never given him any drugs, we're proud of that" while Laura Wohlers said "Maria's happy about being in a barn that doesn't believe in drugs.

She's excited to train clean, it's good to know he's out there running and that's him". At Keeneland on October 31, ridden again by Prado, started 8/5 favorite in a fourteen-runner field for the Breeders' Cup Sprint; the multiple Grade I winner Private Zone was second in the betting ahead of Wild Dude, Salutos Amigos, Limousine Liberal, Kobe's Back, Big Macher, Holy Boss and Barbados. Holy Boss took the early lead. Runhappy however, had always been going well behind the leaders and ran on in the closing stages to take the lead 75 yards from the finish and win by three quarters of a length from Private Zone in a track record time of 1:08.58. The outsider Favorite Tale took third ahead of Salutos Amigos. After the race McIngvale said "We're going to run him next year and see how he does and try to stretch him out. Should be a lot of fun. My favorite words are authentic, genuine and transparent. I think if we're going to talk the talk and walk the walk, we've got to do it. No Lasix for us. No drugs.

Just hay and lots of water". On November 1, the day after the Breeders' Cup, acting as racing manager for McIngvale, dismissed Borell from her position as the colt's trainer. Wohlers claimed the decision had been made prior to the Breeders' C

Jan Dobrogost KrasiƄski

Jan Dobrogost Bonawentura Krasiński was a Polish nobleman. He was the son of Jan Kazimierz Ursula Grzybowska. In his youth he studied in the France. Jan became a Royal Colonel in 1665, became Recorder of the Crown and voivode of Płock Voivodeship in 1688, he was starost of Łomża, Nowe Miasto Korczyn, Przasnysz and Opinogóra Górna. Linked with the court of John III Sobieski, he was adviser and a friend of the king, he participated in the siege of Vienna in 1683 commanding a hussar squadron. He became an elector at the court of King Augustus II the Strong in 1697. Krasiński was a great patron of the arts and founder of many art galleries in the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. Between 1682 and 1695 he ordered to build a magnificent palace in Warsaw, known today as the Palace of the Commonwealth, he was buried in Węgrów

International Trade Union Educational League

The International Trade Union Educational League was a short lived organization led by William Z. Foster from 1915 to around 1917, it carried over some of the ideas of his former Syndicalist League of North America about boring from within existing trade unions, but had less radical rhetoric. A call was made for a national conference of Syndicalists in the final issue of the Kansas City Toiler to convene January 16–18, 1915 in Kansas City. However, the delegates assembled for a one-day convention; the dozen delegates representing Chicago, St. Louis and Kansas City voted to set up the International Trade Union Educational League, with its headquarters in Chicago. A National Board was elected consisting of representatives from each city. William Z. Foster was elected secretary. Though two periodicals carried over from the SLNA, the San Diego International and the Omaha Unionist, it was decided that a new organ should be created for the organization and Max Dezetall, former editor of the Toiler, was brought to Chicago to edit the groups Labor News.

As for a programme, the meeting gave temporary endorsement to Syndicalism, a pamphlet that Foster and Earl Ford had written several years earlier, but commissioned Foster to write a new manifesto for the group. Though manifestos were published that April by the Printing Workers Educational League of Seattle and the Railroad Workers Educational League constituent parts of the group, Fosters pamphlet, Trade Unionism: the Road to Freedom, which appeared in fall 1915 was the "only formal statement of policy issued by the ITUEL. While still syndicalist, the new groups philosophy emphasized the inherently revolutionary and anti-capitalist nature of mainstream unions. Foster based this idea on the experience of the "Triple Alliance" of miners and transportation workers in Great Britain. Despite a 7,000 mile hobo trip west that winter, Foster couldn't establish any permanent groups outside of Chicago; the ITUEL group of about 100, became influential within the Chicago Federation of Labor. Its main strength was in the local Painters, Railway Carmen, Machinists, Retail Clerks, Ladies Garment workers,Metal polishers and Iron Moulders.

Many members were officials within the local unions, Foster himself becoming District Organizer for the Chicago Railway Carmen. Other prominent members were Joe Manley, J. A. Jones and Ed W. Rice. Within the CFL the ITUEL made an "informal united front" with the John Fitzpatrick, Edward Nockels faction that had gained control of the federation from an gangster controlled buildings trade faction a few years earlier. ITUEL supported Fitzpatrick in support of the newly created independent Amalgamated Clothing Workers against the Gompers-backed United Garment Workers, they worked with Fitzpatrick to secure CFL support for the creation of a Chicago Railroad Council, to be made up of all the local railroad. Fitzpatrick put Foster in charge of the CFLs campaign to free Tom Mooney and Warren K. Billings, in March 1917, he organized rally in Chicago Coliseum with 17,000 attendants, they worked to keep out or limit mob influence with the unions, such as the O'Donnel gang in the Barbers. However, while they support Fitzpatrick against Gompers and the Socialist Party, they were critical of Fitzpatricks continued adherence to the non-partisan labor policy of supporting labor friendly candidates on major party tickets.

They strongly disagreed with his support of a national eight-hours bill, believing that a general strike was the proper avenue of working class power, rather than legislation. The ITUEL developed a split on the issue of supporting Fitzpatrick, Labor News, controlled by Dezettel, began to side with the Building Trades, Flat Janitors and Moving Picture Operators faction, allied to organized crime. With the loss of Labor News the ITUEL disintegrated as a formal organization in the spring of 1917, became "simply a scattering of influential militants meeting each other only in the course of their work in the unions