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American Football League playoffs

For its first nine seasons, 1960 through 1968, the American Football League determined its champion via a single playoff game between the winners of its two divisions. In 1969, the tenth and final year of the independent ten-team AFL, a four-team playoff was held, with the second-place teams in each division traveling to play the winner of the other division in what were called the "Interdivisional" playoffs; these playoffs were not, are not considered to have been, "wildcard" playoffs since the runners-up in both divisions qualified, rather the two best non-division winners. The 1969 AFL playoffs were only the second time a U. S. major professional football league allowed teams other than the first place teams to compete in post-season playoffs. Prior to the advent of the Super Bowl for the 1966 season, the AFL went to great lengths to avoid scheduling its playoffs head-to-head with the NFL. In 1960, the NFL's game was held on Monday, December 26. In 1961 and 1962, the AFL played its game during the off-week between the end of the NFL's regular season and its title game.

In 1963, the AFL held its Eastern Division tiebreaker playoff on Saturday, December 28, 1963, thereby avoiding the NFL championship game that Sunday. In 1964, pro football had a championship weekend, with the AFL's title game held on Saturday, December 26, the NFL championship on Sunday. For 1965, the AFL tried to return to the practice of playing its game on a Sunday during the off-week between the NFL playoff, slating its championship contest for December 26, while the NFL's game was not held until January 2, 1966. In 1966, the AFL scheduled its championship game for the off-week, planning to hold its playoff on Monday, December 26, six days before the NFL title game on January 1. Negotiations prior to the first Super Bowl, in early December 1966, resulted in the two leagues agreeing to have championship doubleheaders for the next four years, with each holding its title game on the same day but staggered, so that television audiences could view both, thus the final four AFL championship games were held on the same day as the NFL championship game: January 1, 1967.

The Pro Football Hall of Fame and the National Football League include AFL playoffs in their statistics for the NFL playoffs. A tie in the Eastern Division standings necessitated an Eastern Division playoff game The Chargers championship win is noted for being the only and most recent major sports championship won for the city of San Diego. No other city with at least two professional sports teams has a championship drought as long, as of 2013; this is the only time that the Chargers have beaten the Patriots in a postseason game. Mike Stratton's hit on San Diego Chargers running back Keith Lincoln set the stage for the Buffalo Bills and their first AFL championship; this was the last AFL Championship Game before the Super Bowl era began the following season and the last time a final pro football championship game was played in December. It was the most recent championship won by a Buffalo-based professional sports team; the Bills went into the 1966 AFL Championship having won the game the previous two years.

Though the game was to be played in Buffalo, the visiting Kansas City Chiefs were three-point favorites because of their explosive and innovative offense led by Head Coach Hank Stram. The Bills were a more conventional team with a solid defensive line and a running mindset on offense. Kansas City dominated the game from start to finish, forcing four turnovers and outscoring Buffalo 24-0 over the last three quarters. On the opening kickoff, Fletcher Smith's short kick was fielded by defensive end Dudley Meredith, who promptly fumbled the ball, KC punter Jerrel Wilson, who played on the kick coverage team, recovered it for the Chiefs on the Bills 31-yard line; this led to the first score of the game, a 29-yard touchdown pass from Len Dawson to tight end Fred Arbanas. After an exchange of punts, Buffalo tied the game when receiver Elbert Dubenion raced ahead of defensive back Fred Williamson, caught a pass from Jack Kemp at the Chiefs 45, raced all the way to the end zone for a 69-yard touchdown reception.

On, Mike Garrett's 27-yard punt return gave the Chiefs a first down on the Bills 45-yard line. After a few plays, Dawson made a key 15-yard completion to Arbanas on the Buffalo 29, it was the last catch of the day for Arbanas, who ended up leaving the game with a separated shoulder, but it paid off big time as Dawson threw a 29-yard touchdown pass to Otis Taylor on the next play, giving the Chiefs a 14-7 second quarter lead. Buffalo responded with a drive deep into Chiefs territory, featuring Kemp's 30-yard completion to rookie receiver Rob Burnett on the Kansas City 12-yard

Porfirio Rubirosa

Porfirio Rubirosa Ariza was a Dominican diplomat, race car driver and polo player. He was an adherent of the dictator Rafael Trujillo, was rumored to be a political assassin under his regime. Rubirosa made his mark as an international playboy for his jetsetting lifestyle and his legendary sexual prowess with women, his five spouses included two of the richest women in the world. Porfirio Rubirosa Ariza was born in San Francisco de Macorís, Dominican Republic, the third and youngest child of an upper-middle-class family, his parents were Ana Ariza Almánzar. The eldest child was named the elder son was named César, his father a womanizer, was at one time a "general" of a group of armed men in the mountainous Cibao region working with the government. Don Pedro advanced to become a diplomat, after a stint at St. Thomas was made Chief of the Dominican Embassy to Paris in 1915. Rubirosa thus grew up in Paris and returned to the Dominican Republic at the age of 17 to study law, but he soon enlisted in the military.

In 1931, Rubirosa met Rafael Trujillo at a country club. The "Benefactor" asked to see him the next morning, made him a lieutenant of his Presidential Guard, their relationship lasted throughout their lives, went up and down close, but not without episodes of danger for Rubirosa, defined his professional career when he became a diplomat of the Dominican Republic in 1936. In this role, he was sent to embassies, first at Berlin and soon to Paris, where he spent most of his time, he was a frequent visitor to New York, Washington and California. "Rubi", who defined himself a Trujillista, moved among the rich and famous, made the connections, kept the secrets. His 1938 divorce of Trujillo's daughter seemed, at least on the surface, to have little influence over his erstwhile father-in-law's affection for, or trust in, him. However, at times, when his escapades stirred up too much notoriety, Trujillo would dismiss him – as from his post in Paris in 1953 – or move him to another place. Trujillo recognized what an asset Rubirosa was for his regime, remarking: "He is good at his job, because women like him and he is a wonderful liar."After Trujillo's assassination on May 30, 1961, Rubirosa supported his son as successor and attempted to persuade John F. Kennedy to help his government.

When Ramfis Trujillo and his family fled the Dominican Republic, Rubirosa's career came to an end. On January 2, 1962, the Council of State removed him from his unique appointment as "Inspector of Embassies". After he lost his diplomatic immunity, he was questioned by the New York District Attorney concerning the disappearance of Trujillo opponents Sergio Bencosme in 1935 and Jesus Galíndez in 1956, but was never charged. Rubirosa was linked romantically to Dolores del Río, Eartha Kitt, Marilyn Monroe, Ava Gardner, Maria Montez, Rita Hayworth, Dorothy Dandridge, Lupe Velez, Soraya Esfandiary, Peggy Hopkins Joyce, Joan Crawford, Veronica Lake, Kim Novak, Judy Garland, Eva Peron, he dallied with his ex-wife Flor de Oro Trujillo Ledesma during his marriage to Doris Duke. He and Zsa Zsa Gabor were seen together during her marriage to George Sanders; when she would not marry him, despite the fact George was divorcing her, Rubi married Barbara Hutton. He was named a co-respondent in George Sanders' divorce suit from Gabor.

Rubirosa was married five times, but never had any children. His wives were: Flor de Oro Trujillo, Rafael Trujillo's eldest daughter, December 3, 1932–1938 Danielle Darrieux, French actress, September 18, 1942 – May 21, 1947 Doris Duke, American heiress, September 1, 1947 – October 1948. Barbara Hutton, American heiress, December 30, 1953 – February 20, 1954. Odile Rodin, French actress, October 27, 1956 – July 5, 1965, his playboy lifestyle was matched by stories of his sexual prowess. His reputedly larger than average penis size inspired Parisian waiters at Maxim's to name gigantic pepper mills “Rubirosas”; the name has been in use all over the world. After World War II, Rubirosa became engaged in two major passions and car racing, both expensive sports that would be supported in years to come by his wives, he organized and led his own polo team Cibao-La Pampa, an successful contender for the Coupe de France. Rubirosa played polo until the end of his life. In the same period, he started to acquire fast cars and form friendships with racing car drivers.

He would own a number of Ferraris. His first race at 24 Hours of Le Mans took place in June 1950 with his partner Pierre Leygonie, his second race, this time with Innocente Baggio, was four years later. Rubirosa participated in a number of races at Sebring, all but once as a private entry. Rubirosa entered one Formula One race, in 1955, the Grand Prix de Bordeaux on April 25, he planned to drive his own Ferrari 500, identical to the one which brought Alberto Ascari the 1952 and 1953 Drivers' World Championship. However, he did not drive. Rubirosa died in the early morning of July 5, 1965, at the age of 56, when he crashed his silver Ferrari 250 GT cabriolet into a horse chestnut tree in the Bois de Boulogne after an all-night celebration at the Par

Melissa Hickey

Melissa Hickey is an Australian rules footballer playing for the Geelong Football Club in the AFL Women's. She has served as Geelong captain since the club's inaugural season in 2019. Hickey played for the Melbourne Football Club from 2017 to 2018, she has played in the Victorian Women's Football League/VFL Women's since 2009, representing Geelong, the Darebin Falcons and St Albans Spurs. In the VWFL/VFLW, Hickey has won seven premierships, represented Victoria on three occasions and featured in the VFL Women's team of the year. Hickey represented Melbourne in the exhibition games staged prior to the creation of AFL Women's before being drafted by the club in 2016 as a marquee signing prior to the inaugural AFL Women's season, she was selected in the inaugural AFL Women's All-Australian team in 2017, represented Victoria in the inaugural AFL Women's State of Origin match. Following the 2018 season, Hickey was announced as one of four Melbourne players to join Geelong ahead of the club's inaugural season in the AFL Women's, was named its inaugural captain.

Hickey was born in Red Cliffs, sixteen kilometres south of Mildura, was raised in Mildura. She was born into a family with a strong history in Australian rules football, she played Australian rules football at a young age, including playing for her primary school, Irymple South Primary School. Without a pathway to playing football beyond the age of twelve for females, she turned to basketball and netball, she attended high school at St Josephs College in Mildura. Hickey joined the Darebin Falcons in the Victorian Women's Football League in 2009 and won two premierships in her first two years at the club, in addition to representing Victoria during the 2010 AFL Women's National Championships, she joined St Albans. She played the entire season until she tore her anterior cruciate ligament during the finals series and subsequently missed St Albans' grand final victory. During the year, she represented Victoria for the second consecutive year at the AFL Women's National Championships. Hickey was forced to miss the entire 2012 season due to her ACL injury and upon her return in 2013, she rejoined the Darebin Falcons and won her third VWFL premiership.

In the same year, she was recruited by the Melbourne Football Club with the eleventh selection in the 2013 women's draft and played in the inaugural women's AFL exhibition match against the Western Bulldogs at the Melbourne Cricket Ground in front of 8000 people in a thirty-two point win. In the week prior to the inaugural women's AFL exhibition match, she represented Victoria in the 2013 AFL Women's National Championships, which included winning the championships and being named in the best players in the final. Hickey's sixth season in VWFL saw her play in her fourth VWFL premiership with Darebin and play thirteen matches in total for the year, she was one of thirteen players retained by the Melbourne Football Club to play in the 2014 women's AFL exhibition match against the Western Bulldogs, in which the club won by forty-six points at Etihad Stadium. She played every match for the 2015 VWFL season including Darebin's third consecutive premiership and her fifth overall, she was one of six players retained by the Melbourne Football Club for the two exhibition matches against the Western Bulldogs in 2015.

The club won both the first by eight points and the second by four points. In the second match she received a reprimand for striking Western Bulldogs player, Jessica Wuestchner. After committing herself to a hard-working pre-season leading into the 2016 season, she reaped the rewards by playing in seventeen matches for the year and was named as the centre half-back in the VFL Women's team of the year. In addition to winning her sixth VWFL premiership and fourth consecutive with the Darebin Falcons. With the expansion of the women's exhibition series, she played in three matches for Melbourne in 2016, including the all-star match in September against the Western Bulldogs at Whitten Oval as a showcase for the inaugural AFL Women's season in 2017. In July 2016, Hickey was announced as one of two marquee player signings for the Melbourne Football Club, alongside Daisy Pearce, she was announced as the vice-captain of the club alongside Elise O'Dea in January 2017. She debuted in Melbourne's inaugural match against Brisbane at Casey Fields in a fifteen-point loss, where she recorded thirteen disposals and three marks.

In her second match, she was tasked with playing on Collingwood marquee forward, Moana Hope, kept her goalless when playing on her in the nineteen point win at IKON Park. The next week, she kicked her first AFLW goal in the fourteen point win over the Western Bulldogs at Whitten Oval, she was named in Melbourne's best players by AFL Media and The Age. At the end of the season, Hickey was listed in the 2017 All-Australian team. Hickey played in the opening six rounds of the 2018 AFL Women's season before rupturing her ACL during the round six win against Carlton at Ikon Park and subsequently missed the final round of the season. In May 2018, prior to t

Beit 'Amra

Beit'Amra is a Palestinian town located twelve kilometers southwest of Hebron. The town is in the Hebron Governorate Southern West Bank. According to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics, the town had a population of 2,165 in 2007. French explorer Victor Guérin visited the place in 1863, he noted that "these ruins extend over a large hill, whose lower parts are provided with sustaining walls. A good many cisterns are cut in the sides of the hill. Several of these are provided with the stones intended to stop the orifice. On all sides are to be seen old subterranean magazines, once belonging to houses now destroyed, the ruins of which are covered with brushwood; the vestiges of two churches completely destroyed, are still visible. They are both built west. On the site of the first, among other things, are the fragments of a baptismal font."In 1883, the PEF's Survey of Western Palestine found it to be a "ruined site on a hill, resembling Khurbet'Aziz in character. Cisterns, ruined walls, shafts of pillars, lintel stones were observed".

After the 1948 Arab-Israeli War, the area was under Jordanian rule. The Jordanian census of 1961 found 119 inhabitants in Beit'Amra. After the 1967 Six-Day War, Beit'Amra has been under Israeli occupation. Welcome To Kh. Bayt Amra Beit ‘Amra, Welcome to Palestine Survey of Western Palestine, Map 21: IAA, Wikimedia commons Beit'Amra Village, Applied Research Institute–Jerusalem, ARIJ Beit'Amra Village Profile, ARIJ Beit'Amra Village Area Photo, ARIJ The priorities and needs for development in Beit'Amra village based on the community and local authorities’ assessment, ARIJ


Alloa is a town in Clackmannanshire in the Central Lowlands of Scotland. It is on the north bank of the Forth at the spot where some say it ceases to be the River Forth and becomes the Firth of Forth. Alloa is south of the Ochil Hills, 5.5 miles east of Stirling and 7.9 miles north of Falkirk. The town a burgh of barony, is the administrative centre of Clackmannanshire Council; the economy relied on trade between Glasgow and mainland Europe through its port. This became uncompetitive and the port stopped operating in 1970. Any future marina project is to focus on tourism with Stirling or Granton rather than importing or exporting goods since downstream ports like Grangemouth can accommodate larger vessels; the local economy is now centred on leisure since the closure of major industries. Parochially, Alloa was linked with Tullibody; the towns are now distinct, albeit with Lornshill in the middle, Alloa is about twice the size of its north-western neighbour. The population of Alloa was estimated to be 20,730 residents in 2016.

Alloa grew up under the protection of Alloa Tower which may have been built before 1300 AD. The name of the town has had different spelling at different periods. In the charter granted by King Robert the Bruce in the year 1315, to Thomas de Erskyne, it is called Alway. Dr Jamieson stated that the most probable etymology of the name was from Aull Waeg – the way to the sea. Sir Robert Erskine was granted the lands of Alloa and its environs in 1368 for services to King David II and he and his descendants were good stewards, developing the estates and innovating. One of the earliest maps of the area was made by surveyor and cartographer John Adair in 1681. John Erskine, the 6th Earl of Mar oversaw many far-reaching developments including substantial harbour improvements, a customs house, a "New Town" area of housing, commissioning the building of the Gartmorn Dam, designed by George Sorocold. Erskine owned many of the coal mines, Robert Bald, a local mining engineer, was contracted to provide water power from the Gartmorn Dam to operate the mines and other industries.

Good water supplies and the availability of barley from the carselands encouraged George Younger to set up a brewery in the 1760s and he was soon followed by others. Alloa became one of Scotland's premier brewing centres; the 6th Earl of Mar was forced to flee the country and forfeit his lands after disastrously backing the Jacobite cause in 1715. However, his brother was allowed to purchase the forfeited lands and future generations continued the tradition of creative industry by launching a glass-works in 1750 and laying one of Scotland's earliest railways from the Sauchie mines to down to the harbour in around 1766. Before 1775, the colliers were attached to the properties in which they were born and were virtual serfs or slaves, supported by the master. After the Colliers and Salters Act 1775 abolished the system, the colliers could move between collieries at will, they were supported in their needs by the Alloa Colliers' Fund or Friendly Society, founded in 1775. Traces of the waggonway and the Gartmorn Dam can still be seen today, although the dam is no longer used for energy production or water supply, it is well used for fishing and leisure purposes.

The Clackmannashire Library was founded at Alloa in 1797 and it contained upwards of 1500 volumes. As the 18th century closed a whisky distillery was established at Carsebridge by John Bald. In the 18th century the staple business of the port was coal with about 50,000 tons a year exported. In 1813 the first steamboat started to operate out of Alloa harbour. Rival companies united into the "Stirling and Kincardine Steamboat Company". In 1822 water was brought into the town and in 1828 a gas works was built. While building a road to Alloa Academy in 1828, an ancient burial site was found at Mars Hill, with several finds including two gold armlets. Alloa Academy was built in 1824; the Alloa Swing Bridge was opened to the public on 1 October 1885. After the improvements were made to the harbour during the 18th century, Alloa thrived as a river port through which the products of Glasgow manufacture were exported to continental Europe. At that time, until the 1950s, the main industry to the north and east of the town was coal mining.

Wool was locally plentiful and in the early part of the 19th century, John Paton set up a small yarn-spinning business in the town establishing Kilncraigs Mill. Much of the Kilncraigs complex has been demolished but a four-storey Edwardian Baroque block of 1903–4 survives, with an extension of 1936; the buildings were converted to Council offices by LDN architects in 2003/4. Patons merged with J. Baldwin of Halifax in 1924 to become Paton & Baldwins Ltd.. The town itself continued to be known for its weaving and glassmaking industries well into the 19th and early 20th centuries. Alloa was long associated with the brewing industry, with at least nine major breweries producing ales at its height; however industrial decline during the late 20th century has led to the economy relying more on retail and leisure. The first brewing firms in the town were Younger in 1762 and Meiklejohn in 1784. Alloa ale was sent to London and George Younger had an extensive export trade to the West Indies and the Far East.

Alloa was home to Alloa Brewery Co, developing Graham's Golden Lager in 1927, renamed Skol in the 1

Andrew Dickhaut Cottages Historic District

The Andrew Dickhaut Cottages Historic District encompasses a collection of historic worker cottages in the Smith Hill neighborhood of Providence, Rhode Island, along with the home of their builder, Andrew Dickhaut. The cottages are located at 114—141 Bath Street, 6-18 Duke Street, the Dickhaut house is located at 377 Orms Street; the cottages are identical 1-1/2 story wood frame structures, set on small lots close to the sidewalk. Those on Bath Street were built in 1882, while those on Duke Street were built in 1892; this collection represents a remarkably well-preserved collection of worker housing, a building form, poorly documented. The district was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1984. National Register of Historic Places listings in Providence, Rhode Island