Marriott Hotels & Resorts
Marriott Hotels & Resorts is Marriott Internationals flagship brand of full-service hotels and resorts. The company, based in Washington D. C. is repeatedly included on the Forbes Best Companies to Work for list, as of January 2017, there were 552 hotels and resorts operating under the brand. The loyalty program is called Marriott Rewards, the Marriott chain began with two motels in the 1950s. The first opened as a Quality Inn airport motel near Washington D. C. and another nearby, the Twin Bridges. With the opening of the motel, Marriott was born as a brand name. The Twin Bridges motel is still operating, but as a full-service hotel, the Twin Bridges property was demolished in 1990, but the Key Bridge property still operates. In 1967, Marriott opened its first resort hotel, Camelback Inn, in Arizona, Marriott Hotels & Resorts expanded outside of the United States for the first time in 1969 with the opening of the Marriott in Acapulco, Mexico. By 1975, Marriott Hotels & Resorts had expanded to Europe, in these first several decades, Marriott International owned and managed many of the hotels within its portfolio.
In 1993, the decided to spin off the real estate ownership operations as a new company, Host Marriott. In September 2005, Marriott Hotels & Resorts unveiled its first new designs in ten years. Dubbed mSpot, the new rooms feature clean lines and updated technology
A Night to Remember (1958 film)
A Night to Remember is a 1958 British drama film adaptation of Walter Lords eponymous 1955 book, which recounts the final night of the RMS Titanic. Adapted by Eric Ambler and directed by Roy Ward Baker, the film stars Kenneth More and features Ronald Allen, Robert Ayres, Honor Blackman, Michael Goodliffe and it was filmed in the United Kingdom. The films World Premiere was on Thursday,3 July 1958 at the Odeon Leicester Square, Titanic survivor Elizabeth Dowdell attended the American premiere in New York on Tuesday 16 December 1958. The film received acclaim upon release. The Titanic was built to be the largest vessel afloat and was believed to be unsinkable. It included the cream of American and British society, the story of its sinking is told from the point of view of her passengers and crew, principally Second Officer Charles Lightoller. Once in the sea on its maiden voyage, the ship receives a number of ice warnings from other steamers. Late on 14 April 1912, lookout Frederick Fleet spots an iceberg directly in front of the ship, the vessel turns hard to port but collides with the iceberg on its starboard side, opening the first five compartments to the sea, below the waterline.
A distress signal is sent out, and efforts begin to signal the SS Californian, visible on the horizon, but its radio operator is off duty and does not hear the distress signal. Unfortunately, the ship is 58 miles away, which means it will take four hours to reach the Titanic. Captain Smith orders Officers Lightoller and William Murdoch to start lowering the lifeboats, many women and children are reluctant to board in the small, cramped lifeboats, and Murdoch and Lightoller must use force to put them in. Many men try to sneak on board, but Lightoller will not allow them, working the other side of the ship, is shown as more accommodating to men. As the stewards struggle to hold back women and children in third-class, most of those from first- and second-class board the lifeboats, the Carpathia is racing to the site, using all possible steam in hopes of saving more lives. The Titanic sinks amid much chaos on the deck, with passengers allowed up from below only after all the lifeboats have gone.
The Titanics bow submerges, and there are only two lifeboats left. Lightoller and other able seamen struggle to untie them as the lights flicker off, the last funnel collapse, takes its final plunge, Lightoller. One of the collapsible boats is floating, so Lightoller. Chief Baker Charles Joughin is found in the water, not minding the cold because hes been drinking, Lightoller spots another boat, and the men are saved
Milton Bradley Company
The Milton Bradley Company was an American board game manufacturer established by Milton Bradley in Springfield, Massachusetts, in 1860. In 1920, it absorbed the game production of McLoughlin Brothers, Milton Bradley was taken over by Hasbro, Inc. in 1984. The name was retained as one of Hasbros brands until it was discontinued in the 2000s, Milton Bradley found success making board games. In 1860, Milton Bradley moved to Springfield and its graphic design of Abraham Lincoln sold very well until Lincoln grew his beard and rendered the likeness out-of-date. Struggling to find a new way to use his lithography machine, Tapley challenged him to a game, most likely an old English game. Bradley conceived the idea of making a purely American game and he created The Checkered Game of Life, which had players move along a track from Infancy to Happy Old Age, in which the point was to avoid Ruin and reach Happy Old Age. Squares were labeled with moral positions from honor and bravery to disgrace, players used a spinner instead of dice because of the negative association with gambling.
By spring of 1861, over 45,000 copies of The Checkered Game of Life had been sold, Bradley became convinced board games were his companys future. When the Civil War broke out in early 1861, Milton Bradley temporarily gave up making board games, upon seeing bored soldiers stationed in Springfield, Bradley began producing small games the soldiers could play during their down time. This is regarded as the first travel game in the country and these games included chess, backgammon and The Checkered Game of Life. They were sold for one dollar a piece to soldiers and charitable organizations that bought them in bulk to distribute, by the 1870s, the company was producing dozens of games and capitalizing on fads. Milton Bradley became the first manufacturer in America to make croquet sets, the sets included wickets, balls, and an authoritative set of rules to play by that Bradley himself had created from oral tradition and his own sense of fair play. In 1880, the company began making jigsaw puzzles, in the late 1860s, Bradley became involved in the Kindergarten movement.
Deeply invested in the cause, his company began manufacturing educational items such as colored papers, the company was hurt by Bradleys generosity. He gave these materials away free of charge, which cost them, due to the recession of the late 1870s, his investors told him either his kindergarten work must go or they would go. Bradley chose to keep his kindergarten work and his friend George Tapley bought the interest of the lost investors and took over as president of the Milton Bradley Company. The Milton Bradley Company took a new direction in 1869 after Milton Bradley went to hear a lecture about the movement by early education pioneer. Peabody promoted the philosophy of the German scholar Friedrich Froebel, Froebel stated that through education children learn and develops through creative activities
History of the United States
The date of the start of the history of the United States is a subject of debate among historians. In recent decades American schools and universities typically have shifted back in time to more on the colonial period. Indigenous people lived in what is now the United States for thousands of years before European colonists began to arrive, mostly from England, the Spanish built small settlements in Florida and the Southwest, and the French along the Mississippi River and the Gulf Coast. By the 1770s, thirteen British colonies contained two and a million people along the Atlantic coast east of the Appalachian Mountains. After the end of the French and Indian Wars in the 1760s, Tax resistance, especially the Boston Tea Party, led to punitive laws by Parliament designed to end self-government in Massachusetts. American Patriots adhered to an ideology called republicanism that emphasized civic duty, virtue. Armed conflict began in 1775 as Patriots drove the royal officials out of every colony and assembled in mass meetings, in 1776, the Second Continental Congress declared that there was a new, independent nation, the United States of America, not just a collection of disparate colonies.
With large-scale military and financial support from France and the leadership of General George Washington. The peace treaty of 1783 gave the new nation the land east of the Mississippi River, the central government established by the Articles of Confederation proved ineffectual at providing stability, as it had no authority to collect taxes and had no executive officer. Congress called a convention to meet secretly in Philadelphia in 1787 and it wrote a new Constitution, which was adopted in 1789. In 1791, a Bill of Rights was added to guarantee inalienable rights, with Washington as the first president and Alexander Hamilton his chief political and financial adviser, a strong central government was created. When Thomas Jefferson became president he purchased the Louisiana Territory from France, a second and final war with Britain was fought in 1812. Encouraged by the notion of Manifest Destiny, federal territory expanded all the way to the Pacific, the U. S. always was large in terms of area, but its population was small, only 4 million in 1790.
Population growth was rapid, reaching 7.2 million in 1810,32 million in 1860,76 million in 1900,132 million in 1940, Economic growth in terms of overall GDP was even faster. However, compared to European powers, the military strength was relatively limited in peacetime before 1940. The expansion was driven by a quest for land for yeoman farmers. The expansion of slavery was increasingly controversial and fueled political and constitutional battles, the 1860 presidential election of Republican Abraham Lincoln was on a platform of ending the expansion of slavery and putting it on a path to extinction. Seven cotton-based deep South slave states seceded and founded the Confederacy months before Lincolns inauguration, No nation ever recognized the Confederacy, but it opened the war by attacking Fort Sumter in 1861
John Walter Lord, Jr. was an American author, best known for his documentary-style non-fiction account A Night to Remember, about the sinking of the RMS Titanic. Lord was born in Baltimore, Maryland to John Walterhouse Lord and his father, who was a lawyer, died when Lord was just three years old. Lords grandfather, Richard Curzon Hoffman, was president of the Baltimore Steam Packet Company steamship firm in the 1890s. In July 1926, at the age of 9, Lord traveled across the Atlantic Ocean, from New York to Cherbourg and Southampton, on the RMS Olympic, following high school at Baltimores Gilman School, he studied history at Princeton University and graduated in 1939. Lord enrolled at Yale Law School, interrupting his studies to join the United States Army after the attack on Pearl Harbor, during World War II, he was assigned to the Office of Strategic Services as a code clerk in London, in 1942. He was the agencys secretariat when the war ended in 1945, Lord returned to Yale, where he earned a degree in law.
Shortly after going to work as a copywriter for the J and it became a mild, but surprising, success in 1954, as Lord was well into completing A Night to Remember, which would win him much popular acclaim. A Night to Remember, about the sinking of the RMS Titanic, the historian tracked down 63 Titanic survivors and wrote a dramatic, minute-by-minute account of the ocean liners sinking during her maiden voyage. Lords knowledge of the Titanic catastrophe achieved considerable renown, and he lectured at meetings of the Titanic Historical Society. In his final years, Lord wrote another book about the Titanic titled The Night Lives On, Thoughts and Revelations about the Titanic, in the next decade, Lord served as a consultant to director James Cameron during the filming of Titanic. The sequel documentary to Camerons film Titanic, Ghosts of the Abyss, was dedicated to Lords memory, Lord, a lifelong bachelor, died at age 84 on May 19,2002, after a long struggle with Parkinsons disease, at his Manhattan home.
Ill always be indebted to him, Lord is buried in his maternal familys plot at historic Green Mount Cemetery in Baltimore. His grave is marked by a marble bench listing the books he authored, in 2009, Jenny Lawrence edited and published The Way It Was, Walter Lord on His Life and Books. In the late 1980s, Lawrence had recorded hours of interviews she had with Lord, in which he discussed his writing and life. After chapters on his life in Baltimore and up to his time with the OSS in London and Paris, chapters are devoted to his research. Archived from the original on July 15,2002, cS1 maint, Uses authors parameter Walter Lord at Find a Grave
Malcolm Cowley was an American novelist, literary critic, and journalist. Born August 28,1898, in the town of Belsano in Cambria County, Cowley grew up in the East Liberty neighborhood of Pittsburgh, where his father William was a homeopathic doctor. He attended Shakespeare Street elementary school and graduated from Peabody High Schools first graduating class in 1915 where his boyhood friend Kenneth Burke was a student, in 1920 he earned a B. A. from Harvard University. He interrupted his studies to join the American Field Service in France during World War I. From the Western Front he reported on the war for The Pittsburgh Gazette, upon returning to the USA, Cowley married artist Peggy Baird, they were divorced in 1931. His second wife was Muriel Maurer, together they had one son, Robert William Cowley, who is an editor and military historian. He died of a heart attack March 27,1989, scott Fitzgerald, John Dos Passos, Ezra Pound, E. E. Cummings and Sara Murphy, Edmund Wilson, Erskine Caldwell, Harry Crosby, Caresse Crosby and others.
He is usually regarded as representative of Americas Lost Generation, from his two decades of struggling, he became a well-known chronicler of the expatriate generation. Perhaps the most famous work he wrote was his book of poetry, Blue Juniata. His most autobiographical was Exiles Return, published in 1934, the second book is one of the first published in the United States about the Lost Generation, and was reissued in a less radical edition with new material, like his Fitzgerald revivals, in 1951. American literary historian Van Wyck Brooks described it as a literary record of the most dramatic period in American literary history. Coming under the influence of Theodore Dreiser, Cowley became increasingly involved in radical politics, in 1932 Cowley joined Mary Heaton Vorse, Edmund Wilson and Waldo Frank as union-sponsored observers of the miners strikes in Kentucky. Their lives were threatened by the owners and Frank was badly beaten up. The following year Cowley published Exiles Return, the book was largely ignored and sold only 800 copies in the first twelve months.
The following year he published an autobiography, The Dream of Golden Mountains, in 1935 Cowley and other left-wing writers established the League of American Writers. However, he resigned in 1940 because he felt the organization was under the control of the American Communist Party, in 1941 President Franklin D. Roosevelt appointed Archibald MacLeish as head of the Office of Facts and Figures. MacLeish recruited Cowley as his deputy and this decision soon resulted in anti-communist journalists such as Whittaker Chambers and Westbrook Pegler writing articles pointing out Cowleys left-wing past. One member of Congress, Martin Dies of Texas, accused Cowley of having connections to 72 communist or communist-front organizations, MacLeish came under pressure from J. Edgar Hoover, head of the FBI, to fire Cowley
A board game is a tabletop game that involves counters or pieces moved or placed on a pre-marked surface or board, according to a set of rules. Some games are based on strategy, but many contain an element of chance. Games usually have a goal that a player aims to achieve, early board games represented a battle between two armies, and most modern board games are still based on defeating opposing players in terms of counters, winning position, or accrual of points. There are many varieties of board games and their representation of real-life situations can range from having no inherent theme, like checkers, to having a specific theme and narrative, like Cluedo. Board games have been played in most cultures and societies throughout history, the Pilgrims and Puritans of New England frowned on game playing and viewed dice as instruments of the devil. In Thoughts on Lotteries Thomas Jefferson wrote, Almost all these pursuits of chance produce something useful to society, but there are some which produce nothing, and endanger the well-being of the individuals engaged in them or of others depending on them.
Such are games with cards, billiards, etc. and suppress the pursuit altogether, there are some other games of chance, useful on certain occasions, and injurious only when carried beyond their useful bounds. Such are insurances, raffles and these they do not suppress, but take their regulation under their own discretion. As the US shifted from agrarian to urban living in the century, greater leisure time. The American home, once the center of production, became the locus of entertainment, enlightenment. Children were encouraged to board games that developed literacy skills. The earliest board games published in the United States were based upon Christian morality, the Mansion of Happiness, for example, sent players along a path of virtues and vices that led to the Mansion of Happiness. The missionaries are cast in white as the symbol of innocence and hope while the pope and pagan are cast in black, the color of gloom of error, and. grief at the daily loss of empire. Commercially produced board games in the century were monochrome prints laboriously hand-colored by teams of low-paid young factory women.
Advances in paper making and printmaking during the period enabled the production of relatively inexpensive board games. The most significant advance was the development of chromolithography, an achievement that made bold. Games cost as little as US$.25 for a small boxed card game to $3.00 for more elaborate games, American Protestants believed a virtuous life led to success, but the belief was challenged mid-century when Americans embraced materialism and capitalism. The accumulation of material goods was viewed as a divine blessing, in 1860, The Checkered Game of Life rewarded players for mundane activities such as attending college and getting rich
Seabiscuit: An American Legend
Seabiscuit, An American Legend is a non-fiction book written by Laura Hillenbrand, published in 2001. The book is a biography of the Thoroughbred racehorse Seabiscuit and it won the William Hill Sports Book of the Year and was adapted as a feature film in 2003. It has published under the title, The True Story of Three Men. The author has been praised for her ability to convey a sense of historical times, the 2003 film Seabiscuit was adapted from the book. Seabiscuit, An American Legend enjoyed near universal acclaim, with most praise centering on the nature of the story and expert storytelling of Hillenbrand. Newsweek noted that what distinguishes this account is the straightforward pleasure Hillenbrand takes in the accomplishments of her heroes. People magazine said that Hillenbrands jargon-free language makes the races--and the period--exhilarating, more conservatively, Karen Valby with Entertainment Weekly found Hillenbrands account. Saddled by loosely connected anecdotes and confused scene-setting, finally giving the book a grade of a B.
William Nack, the author of Secretariat, The Making of a Champion, You had clearly created a world, and you had done so with a distinctly lyrical feel and touch
Barbara W. Tuchman
Barbara Wertheim Tuchman was an American historian and author. Tuchman focused on writing popular history and she was born January 30,1912, the Jewish daughter of the banker Maurice Wertheim and his first wife Alma Morgenthau. Her father was an individual of wealth and prestige, the owner of The Nation magazine, president of the American Jewish Congress, prominent art collector, and her mother was the daughter of Henry Morgenthau, Sr. Woodrow Wilsons ambassador to the Ottoman Empire. Wertheim was influenced at an age by the books of Lucy Fitch Perkins. Henty, as well as the novels of Alexandre Dumas. She attended the Walden School on Manhattans Upper West Side and she received her Bachelor of Arts from Radcliffe College in 1933, having studied history and literature. She contributed to The Nation as a correspondent until her fathers sale of the publication in 1937, traveling to Valencia, a first book resulted from her Spanish experience, The Lost British Policy and Spain Since 1700, published in 1938.
In 1940 Wertheim married Lester R. Tuchman, an internist, medical researcher and they had three daughters, including Jessica Mathews, who became president of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. During the years of World War II, Tuchman worked in the Office of War Information, with the publication of Bible and Sword in 1956, Tuchman dedicated herself to historical research and writing, turning out a new book approximately every four years. Tuchman favored an approach to the writing of history, providing eloquent explanatory narratives rather than concentration upon discovery. In the words of one biographer, Tuchman was not a historians historian, in 1971, Tuchman received the St. Louis Literary Award from the Saint Louis University Library Associates. Tuchman received a second Pulitzer in 1972 for her biography of Joseph Stilwell, Stilwell, in 1978, Tuchman was elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. She became the first female president of the American Academy of Arts and she won a U. S.
National Book Award in History for the first paperback edition of A Distant Mirror in 1980. Also in 1980 the National Endowment for the Humanities selected Tuchman for the Jefferson Lecture, Tuchmans lecture was entitled Mankinds Better Moments. Tuchman was a trustee of Radcliffe College and a lecturer at Harvard, the University of California, and she died in 1989 in Greenwich, following a stroke, at 77. A tower of Currier House, a residential division first of Radcliffe College, the fact of being on the record makes it appear continuous and ubiquitous whereas it is more likely to have been sporadic both in time and place. Besides, persistence of the normal is usually greater than the effect of the disturbance, the fact is that one can come home in the evening — on a lucky day — without having encountered more than one or two of these phenomena. This has led me to formulate Tuchmans Law, as follows, Tuchmans Law has been defined as a psychological principle of perceptual readiness or subjective probability
Charles Bruce Catton was an American historian and journalist, best known for his books on the American Civil War. Known as a historian, Catton specialized in popular history, featuring colorful characters and historical vignettes, in addition to the basic facts, dates. Although his books were well researched and supported by footnotes, they were not generally presented in an academic style. He won a Pulitzer Prize in 1954 for A Stillness at Appomattox, Charles Bruce Catton was born in Petoskey, Michigan, to George R. and Adela M. Catton, and raised in Benzonia, Michigan. His father was a Congregationalist minister, who accepted a position in Benzonia Academy. As a boy, Catton first heard the reminiscences of the veterans who had fought in the Civil War. In 1916, Catton began attending Oberlin College, but he left without completing a degree because of World War I. After serving briefly in the United States Navy during World War I, Catton became a reporter and editor for The Cleveland News, the Boston American, Catton tried twice to complete his studies, but found himself repeatedly pulled away by his newspaper work.
Oberlin College awarded him a degree in 1956. At the start of World War II, Catton was too old for military service, in 1941, he took a position as Director of Information for the War Production Board, and he held similar posts in the Department of Commerce and the Department of the Interior. His experiences as a federal employee prepared him to write his first book, The War Lords of Washington, although the book was not a commercial success, it inspired Catton to leave the federal government to become a full-time author. In 1954, Catton accepted the position as founding editor of the new American Heritage magazine, Catton served initially as a writer and editor. In the first issue, he wrote, We intend to deal with great, unfinished. Our American heritage is greater than any one of us and it can express itself in very homely truths, in the end it can lift up our eyes beyond the glow in the sunset skies. Army of the Potomac trilogy In the early 1950s, Catton published three books known as the Army of the Potomac trilogy.
In Mr. Lincolns Army, the first volume of his history of the Army of the Potomac, Catton covered the armys formation, mcClellan, the Peninsula Campaign, the Northern Virginia Campaign, and the Battle of Antietam. In the second volume, Glory Road, Catton covered the armys history under new commanding generals, from the Battle of Fredericksburg to the Battle of Gettysburg. In his final volume of the trilogy, A Stillness at Appomattox and it was his first commercially successful work and it won both the Pulitzer Prize for History and a National Book Award for Nonfiction
Henry Louis Gates Jr.
It combines the work of expert researchers in genealogy and genetics historic research to tell guests about their ancestors lives and histories. Gates was born in Keyser, West Virginia, to Henry Louis Gates, Sr. and he grew up in neighboring Piedmont. His father worked in a mill and moonlighted as a janitor, while his mother cleaned houses. He has learned through research that his family is descended in part from the Yoruba people of west Africa. He has European ancestry, and is connected to the distinctive multiracial West Virginia community of the Chestnut Ridge people and he is of part Irish descent. At the age of 14 Gates was injured playing football, fracturing the ball and socket joint of his hip. The injury was misdiagnosed by a physician, who told Gates mother that his problem was psychosomatic, when the physical damage finally healed, his right leg was two inches shorter than his left. Because of the injury, Gates now uses a cane to help him walk, Gates graduated from Piedmont High School in 1968 and attended Potomac State College of West Virginia University.
He completed his BA degree in history at Yale University, summa cum laude and they had two daughters together before they divorced. After a month at Yale Law School, Gates withdrew from the program, in October 1975 he was hired by Charles T. Davis as a secretary in the Afro-American Studies department at Yale. In July 1976, Gates was promoted to the post of Lecturer in Afro-American Studies with the understanding that he would be promoted to assistant professor upon completion of his doctoral dissertation. Jointly appointed to assistant professorships in English and Afro-American Studies in 1979, in 1984, Gates was recruited by Cornell University with an offer of tenure, Gates asked Yale if they would match Cornells offer, but they declined. Gates moved to Cornell in 1985, where he taught until 1989, following a two-year stay at Duke University, he was recruited to Harvard University in 1991. At Harvard, Gates teaches undergraduate and graduate courses as the Alphonse Fletcher University Professor, a chair he was appointed to in 2006.
Additionally, he is the Director of the Hutchins Center for African & African American Research, as a black intellectual and public figure, Gates has been an outspoken critic of the Eurocentric literary canon. In his major work, The Signifying Monkey, a 1989 American Book Award winner. The work extended application of the concept of signifyin to analysis of African-American works, signifyin refers to the significance of words that is based on context, and is accessible only to those who share the cultural values of a given speech community. It is rooted African-American literary criticism in the African-American vernacular tradition, while Gates has stressed the need for greater recognition of black literature and black culture, he does not advocate a separatist black canon