American Eagle (airline brand)
American Eagle is an American brand name for the regional branch of American Airlines, under which seven individual regional airlines operate short- and medium-haul feeder flights. Three of these airlines, Envoy Air, Piedmont Airlines, PSA Airlines, are wholly owned subsidiaries of the American Airlines Group. Prior to the Airline Deregulation Act in 1978, most major US air carriers had maintained close relationships with independent regional carriers in order to feed passengers from smaller markets into the larger cities, and, in turn, onto the larger legacy carriers. In the post-regulation era, the hub-and-spoke system gained prominence, in order to feed traffic from smaller markets into these newly established hubs, the major carriers outsourced regional operations to these smaller carriers; these relationships included the use of code sharing, shared branding, listing regional partners in the computer reservations systems of the mainline carrier. American Eagle commenced service on November 1, 1984 with a flight from Fayetteville, Arkansas to Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport.
This flight was operated by Metroflight Airlines. Metroflight operated de Havilland Canada DHC-6 Twin Otter commuter turboprop aircraft on American Eagle flights serving DFW. Other operators contracted by American Airlines to fly the American Eagle banner during this time included Air Midwest, Air Virginia, Chaparral Airlines, Command Airways, Simmons Airlines, Wings West. On September 15, 1986, Executive Airlines joined the American Eagle system. With hub operations at Luis Munoz Marin International Airport in San Juan, Puerto Rico, the addition of Executive Airways to the American Eagle family opened up an extensive inter-island network throughout the Caribbean. Between 1987 and 1989 AMR Corp. acquired most its regional carriers, starting with Simmons Airlines. By 1991, AMR had consolidated its wholly owned regional carriers into four separate entities: Executive Airlines, Flagship Airlines, Simmons Airlines, Wings West. AMR would purchase the assets of bankrupt Metro Airlines in 1993. At this point, AMR owned all of the airlines.
On May 15, 1998, Flagship Airlines and Wings West were merged into Simmons Airlines, with the new entity given the name American Eagle Airlines. Along with Executive Airlines, these would be the only two operators using the American Eagle brand name for the next fourteen years. After American Airlines acquired Trans World Airlines in 2001, it retained the contracts with the carriers that operated under the Trans World Express banner, which, at the time, included Chautauqua Airlines, Corporate Airlines, Trans States Airlines. However, instead of being integrated into the American Eagle brand, these carriers operated under a separate regional brand known as American Connection; this brand name was used for thirteen years before being discontinued in 2014. As part of its restructuring and emergence from chapter 11 bankruptcy, AMR announced that it would start contracting American Eagle flying to carriers outside of its wholly owned subsidiaries. On November 15, 2012, SkyWest Airlines and ExpressJet Airlines, both subsidiaries of SkyWest, Inc. began operations for American Eagle.
On August 1, 2013, Republic Airlines a subsidiary of Republic Airways Holdings, commenced flying operations under the American Eagle branding as part of a 12-year capacity purchase agreement to operate Embraer E-175 aircraft for American Eagle. On September 12, 2012 AMR announced the discontinuation of the AmericanConnection brand, all operations were going to be integrated into the American Eagle brand. However, Chautauqua Airlines, a subsidiary of Republic Airways Holdings and the only operator of American Connection flights at the time of the announcement, opted not to renew its contract. All AmericanConnection flights ended on August 19, 2014. American Eagle service operated by Executive Airlines ceased operations on March 31, 2013. At the same time, its base at San Juan was dehubbed. Due to the fact that an increasing number of other carriers were being contracted to fly under the American Eagle brand, it was announced on January 15, 2014 that American Eagle Airlines would change its name to Envoy Air.
The name change took effect on April 15, 2014. Compass Airlines, a subsidiary of Trans States Holdings, began American Eagle operations on March 27, 2015, as part of a deal to operate 20 new Embraer E-175 aircraft on behalf of American; these aircraft are based at American’s Los Angeles hub. Air Wisconsin had announced it would fly as United Express which commenced in March 2018, ending their involvement in operating flights under the American Eagle brand. In May 2018, American Airlines announced the termination of its partnerships with ExpressJet and Trans States Airlines as of 2019, meaning the end of those operators conducting American Eagle flights; as of April 2019, the combined American Eagle branded fleet consists of the following regional jet aircraft: • In January 1988, Nashville Eagle became AMR Corp.’s first and only start-up airline, using equipment acquired from Air Midwest. • Business Express was acquired by AMR Eagle Holdings Corporation in March 1999, although it never flew under the American Eagle brand before being integrated into American Eagle Airlines, Inc. in December 2000.
The American Eagle brand, through its various regional and commuter airline partners, operated a variety of twin turboprop aircraft over the years including the following types: ATR-42 ATR-72 Beechcraft 99 British Aerospace BAe Jetstream 31 and 32 models de Havilland Canada DHC-6 Twin Otter CASA 212 Convair 580 Fairchild
Trans World Airlines
Trans World Airlines was a major American airline that existed from 1930 until 2001. It was formed as Transcontinental & Western Air to operate a route from New York City to Los Angeles via St. Louis, Kansas City, other stops, with Ford Trimotors. With American and Eastern, it was one of the "Big Four" domestic airlines in the United States formed by the Spoils Conference of 1930. Howard Hughes acquired control of TWA in 1939, after World War II led the expansion of the airline to serve Europe, the Middle East, Asia, making TWA a second unofficial flag carrier of the United States after Pan Am. Hughes gave up control in the 1960s, the new management of TWA acquired Hilton International and Century 21 in an attempt to diversify the company's business; as the Airline Deregulation Act of 1978 led to a wave of airline failures, start-ups, takeovers in the United States, TWA was spun off from its holding company in 1984. Carl Icahn acquired control of TWA and took the company private in a leveraged buyout in 1988.
TWA became saddled with debt, sold its London routes, underwent Chapter 11 restructuring in 1992 and 1995, was further stressed by the explosion of TWA Flight 800 in 1996. In 2001, TWA was acquired by American Airlines. American laid off many former TWA employees in the wake of the September 11, 2001 attacks and closed its St. Louis hub in 2003. TWA was headquartered at one time in Kansas City and planned to make Kansas City International Airport its main domestic and international hub, but abandoned this plan in the 1970s; the airline developed its largest hub at Lambert-St. Louis International Airport, its main transatlantic hub was the TWA Flight Center at John F. Kennedy International Airport in New York City, an architectural icon designed by Eero Saarinen, completed in 1962. TWA's corporate history dates from the July 16, 1930, the forced merger of Transcontinental Air Transport, Western Air Express, Maddux Air Lines and Pittsburgh Aviation Industries Corporation to form Transcontinental & Western Air on 1 Oct. 1930.
The companies merged at the urging of Postmaster General Walter Folger Brown, looking for bigger airlines to give airmail contracts to. The airline brought high-profile aviation pioneers who would give the airline the panache of being called "The Airman's Airline". TAT had the marquee expertise of Charles Lindbergh and was offering a 48-hour combination of plane and train trip across the United States. WAE had the expertise of Jack Frye. TWA became known as "The Lindbergh Line", with the "Shortest Route Coast to Coast". On October 25, 1930, the airline offered one of the first all-plane scheduled service from coast to coast; the route took 36 hours. In summer 1931, TWA moved its headquarters from New York to Missouri. On 31 March 1931, the airline suffered after the 1931 Transcontinental & Western Air Fokker F-10 crash near Matfield Green, Kansas; the crash killed all eight including University of Notre Dame football coach Knute Rockne. The cause of the crash was linked to the wooden wings; as a consequence, all of the airline's Fokker F.10s were grounded, destroyed.
TWA needed a replacement aircraft. TWA was forced to sponsor the development of a new airplane design. Specifications included the ability to fly the high altitude route between Winslow and Albuquerque, New Mexico with one engine inoperative. Other specifications included the capacity to carry 12 passengers, an 1080 mile range. On September 20, 1932, the development contract was signed with Douglas Aircraft Company and the DC-1 was delivered to TWA in December 1933, the sole example of its type; this was followed by the delivery of 32 Douglas DC-2s that started operations in May 1934 on its Columbus-Pittsburgh-Newark route. Most were phased out by 1937 as the DC-3 started service, but several DC-2s would be operational through the early years of World War II. Throughout 1934, Tommy Tomlinson set load and distance records with the DC-1. TWA used their Northrop Gamma as an "experimental Overweather Laboratory", in a desire to fly at altitudes above the weather. On 18 February 1934, Frye and Eastern Air Lines Eddie Rickenbacker, flew a DC-1 from Glendale, California, to Newark, New Jersey, setting a transcontinental record of 13 hours and 4 minutes.
On 17 April Frye was elected president. TWA started using the DC-3 on 1 June 1937; the fleet included 8 day versions. In 1934, following charges of favoritism in the contracts, the Air Mail scandal erupted, leading to the Air Mail Act of 1934, which dissolved the forced Transcontinental/Western merger and ordered the United States Army Air Service to deliver the mail. However, Transcontinental opted to retain the T&WA name. With the company facing financial hardship, Lehman Brothers and John D. Hertz took over ownership of the company; the Army fliers had a series of crashes, it was decided to privatize the delivery with the provision that no former companies could bid on the contracts. T&WA added the suffix "Inc." to its name. It was awarded 60% of its old contracts back in May 1934, won back the rest within a few years. On 29 January 1937, TWA contracted with Boeing for five Boeing 307 Stratoliners, which included a pressurized cabin. However, the TWA board refused to authorize the expenditure.
Frye approached another flying enthusiast, Howard Hughes, to buy stock in 1937. Hughes Tool Company purchased 99,293 shares at $8.25 a share, giving Hughes control, Noah Dietrich was placed on the board. Hughes
Executive Airlines, Inc. was a regional airline headquartered in Carolina, Puerto Rico. Effective April 1, 2013 Executive Airlines continued to do business in the Caribbean and Bahamas as an aircraft ground handling company, providing services to various airlines in the region; the Executive Airlines name was used by a U. S.-based commuter air carrier which operated scheduled passenger flights during the late 1960s and early 1970s in the northeast U. S. and Florida. Executive Airlines operated an extensive inter-island network in the Caribbean and to the Bahamas and the USA in American Eagle colors, its main base was San Juan. In addition, Executive Airlines owns Executive Ground Services, Inc., a provider of aviation ground services. According to the American Airlines system timetable dated March 7, 2013, all American Eagle flights operated by Executive Airlines from San Juan were scheduled to be discontinued by April 1, 2013. Executive Airlines d/b/a American Eagle operated its last flights on Sunday, March 31, 2013.
The airline was founded by Puerto Rican businessman Joaquín Bolivar as Executive Air Charter in 1979, on September 15, 1986 joined the American Eagle system. It became an AMR Eagle subsidiary on December 7, 1989, it is a subsidiary of AMR Eagle Holdings Corporation which operates American Eagle Airlines Inc. and Executive Airlines Inc. Both are subsidiaries of the parent of American Airlines, it has 2,125 employees. In late 2007, it was announced AMR plans to "spin off" Executive Airlines Inc. which according to the filing, carries the American Eagle name. In the American Airlines Inc. 8k SEC filing dated November 29, 2007, "The planned divestiture would include both American Eagle Airlines, Inc. which feeds American Airlines hubs throughout North America, its independently certificated regional carrier affiliate, Executive Airlines, Inc. which carries and d/b/a American Eagle in name throughout The Bahamas and the Caribbean from bases in Miami and San Juan, Puerto Rico."On July 8, 2008, American Eagle Inc, announced changes in leadership at its San Juan-based Executive Airlines operation in which Ed Criner, Executive’s current president, returned to the U.
S. mainland to oversee one of American Eagle’s largest operations at Chicago O’Hare airport, Pedro Fabregas, Vice President - Finance and Planning for Executive, became President - Executive Airlines. Fabregas, a 25-year industry veteran, joined American Airlines in 1983 and progressed through a number of management positions, he moved to Executive Airlines in 1998 as Director - Finance and Administration, has since contributed in a variety of roles, including Vice President - Sales and Planning. In 2005, Fabregas was selected by the Senate of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico as one of the most important business leaders in Puerto Rico. Pedro Fabregas - President & CEO Ramon Hernandez - Vice Technical Operations Benixavier Perez - Vice President Safety & Compliance Jorge Ramirez - Vice President International Operations Carlos Hernandez - Director Flight Operations Brenda Torres - Director Finance & Accounting Further information: American Eagle - American Eagle Airlines / Envoy Destinations Anguilla The Valley Antigua and Barbuda St. John's Aruba Oranjestad Barbados Bridgetown Bonaire Kralendijk British Virgin Islands Tortola Virgin Gorda Curaçao Willemstad Dominica Roseau Dominican Republic Barahona La Romana Puerto Plata Punta Cana Samaná Santiago Santo Domingo Santo Domingo France Guadeloupe Pointe-à-Pitre Martinique Fort-de-France Grenada Saint George Haiti Port-au-Prince Puerto Rico Mayagüez Ponce Saint Kitts and Nevis Nevis Saint Kitts Saint Lucia Castries Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Canouan Saint Vincent Sint Maarten Philipsburg Trinidad and Tobago Port of Spain Tobago U.
S. Virgin Islands Saint Croix Saint Thomas The Executive Air fleet consisted of the following aircraft: Prior to transitioning to an all ATR 72 fleet, Executive Airlines operated the following turboprop aircraft: ATR 42 CASA 212 Short 360The fleet was owned by the parent company, AMR until it completed a sale & leaseback transaction in February 2008; the ATR-72s were returned to the leasing company starting in 2012 two at a time. Their replacement aircraft has not yet been decided on. However, it appears as of March 2013 that no replacement aircraft may be ordered as the American Eagle service operated by Executive Airlines conducted its last flights on Sunday, March 31, 2013 according to the American Airlines system timetable dated March 7, 2013. May 8, 1987: American Eagle F
American Airlines, Inc. is a major American airline headquartered in Fort Worth, within the Dallas-Fort Worth metroplex. It is the world's largest airline when measured by fleet size, scheduled passengers carried, scheduled passenger-kilometers flown, number of destinations served. American, together with its regional partners, operates an extensive international and domestic network with an average of nearly 6,700 flights per day to nearly 350 destinations in more than 50 countries. American Airlines is a founding member of Oneworld alliance, the third largest airline alliance in the world. Regional service is operated by independent and subsidiary carriers under the brand name American Eagle. American operates out with Dallas/Fort Worth being its largest. American operates its primary maintenance base in Tulsa in addition to the maintenance locations located at its hubs; as of 2017, the company employs over 122,000 people. Through the airline's parent company, American Airlines Group, it is publicly traded under NASDAQ: AAL with a market capitalization of about $25 billion as of 2017, included in the S&P 500 index.
American Airlines was started in 1930 via a union of more than eighty small airlines. The two organizations from which American Airlines was originated were Robertson Aircraft Corporation and Colonial Air Transport; the former was first created in Missouri in 1921, with both being merged in 1929 into holding company The Aviation Corporation. This in turn, was rebranded as American Airways. In 1934, when new laws and attrition of mail contracts forced many airlines to reorganize, the corporation redid its routes into a connected system, was renamed American Airlines. Between 1970 and 2000, the company grew into being an international carrier, purchasing Trans World Airlines in 2001. American had a direct role in the development of the DC-3, which resulted from a marathon telephone call from American Airlines CEO C. R. Smith to Donald Douglas, when Smith persuaded a reluctant Douglas to design a sleeper aircraft based on the DC-2 to replace American's Curtiss Condor II biplanes. Douglas agreed to go ahead with development only after Smith informed him of American's intention to purchase 20 aircraft.
The prototype DST first flew on December 17, 1935. Its cabin was 92 in wide, a version with 21 seats instead of the 14–16 sleeping berths of the DST was given the designation DC-3. There was no prototype DC-3. American Airlines inaugurated passenger service on June 26, 1936, with simultaneous flights from Newark, New Jersey and Chicago, Illinois. In 2011, due to a downturn in the airline industry, American Airlines' parent company AMR Corporation filed for bankruptcy protection. In 2013, American Airlines merged with US Airways but kept the American Airlines name, as it was the better recognized brand internationally; as of December 2018, American Airlines flies to 95 domestic destinations and 95 international destinations in 55 countries in five continents. American operates ten hubs. Charlotte – American's hub for the Southeast. About 42 million passengers fly through CLT on about 115,000 people per day. American has about 91% of the market share at CLT, making it the airport's largest airline.
Chicago–O'Hare – American's hub for the Midwest. About 28 million passengers fly on American through O'Hare every year, or about 77,000 people per day. American has about 35% of the market share at O'Hare making it the airport's second-largest airline after United. Dallas/Fort Worth – American's hub for the South. American has about 84% of the market share and flies 57 million passengers through DFW every year, about 156,000 people per day making it the busiest airline at the airport. American's corporate headquarters are in Fort Worth near the airport. DFW serves as American's primary gateway to Mexico, secondary gateway to Latin America. Los Angeles – American's hub for the West Coast and its transpacific gateway. About 16.5 million passengers fly through LAX on American every year, or about 45,000 people per day. American has about 19 % of the market share at LAX. Miami – American's primary Latin American hub. About 30 million passengers fly through MIA every year on American, about 79,000 people per day.
American has about 68% of the market share at Miami International, making it the largest airline at the airport. New York–JFK – American's secondary transatlantic hub. About 7 million passengers fly through JFK on American every year, or about 19,000 people per day. American has about 12% of the market share at JFK, making it the third-largest carrier at the airport behind Delta and JetBlue. Since 2017, American has been reducing its international operations at JFK, opting to expand its Philadelphia hub instead. JFK serves as a major connecting point for other Oneworld carriers. New York–LaGuardia – American's second New York hub. About 8.5 million passengers fly through LGA on about 23,000 people per day. The airport serves as a base for American Airlines Shuttle. American has about 27% of the market share at LGA, is the second-largest carrier behind Delta. Philadelphia – American's primary transatlantic hub. Americ
Allegheny Airlines was a U. S. airline that operated out of Pittsburgh, United States, from 1952 to 1979. It was a forerunner of US Airways, now merged into American Airlines, its headquarters were at Washington National Airport in Virginia. Allegheny Airlines began as All American Aviation Company providing mail delivery starting on 7 March 1939, it was founded by du Pont family brothers Richard C. du Pont and Alexis Felix du Pont, Jr.. In 1949 the company was renamed All American Airways as it switched from air mail to passenger service. On 1 January 1953 it was again renamed, to Allegheny Airlines. Like other local service airlines of the time, Allegheny was subsidized. In 1960, Allegheny headquarters were in Washington, D. C. Allegheny added the Convair 540 to its fleet in 1961; the aircraft proved unreliable, incurring problems with its British-made Napier Elands that had replaced the Convair's piston engines. The airline bought new Fairchild F-27Js that the company named "Vistaliner"; the F-27J was a U.
S.-built version of the Fokker F27. The airline switched to General Motors/Allison turboprops in the Convair 580 which the carrier named the "Vistacruiser"; the last DC-3 flights were in 1962 and the last piston flights were in 1967. Allegheny Airlines was the first airline with a network of affiliated regional airlines, the Allegheny Commuter System. Contributing to Allegheny’s growth were the acquisitions of Lake Central Airlines in 1968 and Mohawk Airlines in 1972. Mohawk added BAC One-Elevens to the fleet. Allegheny added other jets, notably the McDonnell Douglas DC-9-30 which the company named the "Vistajet". Jets included Boeing 727-100s and 727-200s; as deregulation dawned, looking to shed its regional image, changed its name to USAir on October 28, 1979. After Allegheny Airlines rebranded itself as USAir, the company retained its earlier name for its Allegheny Commuter service renamed US Airways Express. Under USAir, which renamed itself US Airways, the Allegheny name continued to be used by the parent company, keeping the trademark under US Airways' control.
Suburban Airlines was headquartered at the Reading Airport in Reading and flew a large fleet of Short 330s and Short 360s, being the launch customer for the Shorts 360. It had three Fokker F27 "Friendship" turboprops, was the last US operator of passenger F27s. After replacing much of its Shorts fleet with DeHavilland DHC-8s, retiring the F27s, it merged with another owned USAir subsidiary, Pennsylvania Airlines, headquartered at Harrisburg International Airport near Harrisburg and the combined airline retained the historic name until its own merger with another wholly owned subsidiary, Piedmont Airlines. After retiring earlier aircraft, Allegheny and after its mergers flew De Havilland Canada Dash 8 turboprop aircraft to 35 airports in the northeastern United States, Canada, from hubs at Boston and Philadelphia, its activities and Dash 8 fleet were incorporated into a regional airline, Piedmont Airlines, in 2004. As of 2016, an Airbus A319 aircraft of American Airlines is painted in Allegheny colors.
This is a list of cities Allegheny Airlines served until October 1979. It does not include most cities served before then. Allegheny flew to dozens more cities at some point, including Erie and the Wyoming Valley. Akron, Ohio -Akron Canton Airport Albany, New York - Albany County Airport Allentown, Pennsylvania - Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton International Airport Baltimore, Maryland - Baltimore/Washington International Airport Binghamton, New York - Broome County Airport Boston, Massachusetts - Logan International Airport Bradford, Pennsylvania - Bradford Regional Airport Bridgeport, Connecticut - Igor I. Sikorsky Memorial Airport Buffalo, New York - Greater Buffalo-Niagara Falls International Airport Burlington, Vermont - Burlington International Airport Chicago, Illinois - O'Hare International Airport Cincinnati, Ohio - Greater Cincinnati International Airport Cleveland, Ohio - Hopkins International Airport Columbus, Ohio - Port Columbus International Airport Dayton, Ohio - James M. Cox International Airport Denver, Colorado - Stapleton International Airport Detroit, Michigan - Metro Airport DuBois, Pennsylvania - DuBois-Jefferson County Airport Elmira, New York - Chemung County Airport Erie, Pennsylvania - Erie International Airport Evansville, Indiana - Evansville Regional Airport Glens Falls, New York - Warren County Airport Harrisburg, Pennsylvania - Harrisburg International Airport Hartford, Connecticut - Bradley International Airport Hagerstown, Maryland - Hagerstown Regional Airport Huntington, West Virginia -Tri-State Airport Indianapolis, Indiana - Weir Cook Airport Islip, New York - Islip Airport Ithaca, New York - Tompkins County Airport Jamestown, New York - Chautauqua County-Jamestown Airport Keene, New Hampshire - Dillant-Hopkins Airport Kingsport, Tennessee - Tri-Cities Regional Airport Lima, Ohio - Lima Allen County Airport Louisville, Kentucky - Standiford Field Lock Haven, Pennsylvania - William T. Piper Memorial Airport Memphis, Tennessee - Memphis International Airport Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minnesota - Minneapolis-St. Paul International Airport Nashville, Tennessee - Berry Field Newark, New Jersey - Newark International Airport New Haven, Connecticut - Tweed New Haven Airport New Orleans, Louisiana - Moisant Field New York, New York - John F. Kennedy International Airport New York, New York - La Guardia Airport Norfolk, Virginia -Norfolk International Airport Omaha, Nebraska - Eppley Airfield Parkersburg, West Virginia - Wood County Airport Philadelphia, Pennsylvania - Philadelphia International A
American Airlines Arena
The American Airlines Arena is a sports and entertainment arena located in Downtown Miami, Florida along Biscayne Bay. It was constructed beginning in 1998 as a replacement for the Miami Arena and designed by the architecture firms Arquitectonica and 360 Architecture; the Arena is home to the Miami Heat of the National Basketball Association. The American Airlines Arena is directly served by the Miami Metrorail at Government Center station via free transfers to Metromover Omni Loop, providing direct service to Freedom Tower and Park West stations; the Arena is within walking distance from the Historic Overtown/Lyric Theatre Metrorail station. The American Airlines Arena has 2,105 club seats, 80 luxury suites, 76 private boxes; the Waterfront Theater is Florida's largest theater, housed within the arena, that can seat between 3,000 and 5,800. The theater can be configured for family events, musical theatre and other stage shows. American Airlines which has a hub at Miami International Airport maintains the American Airlines Arena Travel Center at the venue.
The airline holds the naming rights for another NBA venue, the American Airlines Center for the Dallas Mavericks and the Dallas Stars, which opened in 2001. The American Airlines Arena opened on December 31, 1999 and its construction cost was $213 million. Architectural design team members included George Heinlein, Cristian Petschen, Reinaldo Borges, Lance Simon; the American Airlines Arena was inaugurated with a concert by Gloria Estefan. Two days on January 2, 2000, the Miami Heat played its first game in the new arena by defeating the Orlando Magic 111–103; as part of its sponsorship arrangement, American Airlines had a giant aircraft painted atop the arena's roof, with an American Airlines logo in the center. The design is visible from airplanes taking off and landing at Miami International Airport, where American has a hub; the arena has luxury skyboxes called "Flagship Lounges", a trademark used for American's premium-class lounges at certain airports. Local sportscasters refer to the arena as the "triple-A".
Some sports reporters on the local news stations such as WSVN have referred to the arena as "A3". The arena is known for its unusual scoreboard, designed by Artist Christopher Janney. Drawing on the underwater anemone forms, the scoreboard changes colors depending on the atmosphere. For concerts in an arena configuration, end stage capacity is 12,202 for 180° shows, 15,402 for 270° shows, 18,309 for 360° shows. For center stage concerts the arena can seat 19,146; the Miami Heat has not had to pay to use the $357-million venue, which sits on $38 million of county land. "It was never a good deal," says former Miami-Dade Commissioner Katy Sorenson, who opposed the new arena in 1996. "There are certain politicians who just get stars in their eyes and don't think about what the real cost is going to be." WTVJ, the city's NBC owned-and-operated station in Miami, had their Downtown Miami Studios in the back of the arena from 2001 till 2011. Despite American Airlines' logo change, American Airlines Arena still uses the airline's old logo.
Traffic congestion after events can cause delays for those. Visitors to the American Airlines Arena are encouraged to take Metrorail, Metromover, or Metrobus, as parking can be scarce and expensive. Metromover's Freedom Tower station is located two blocks west of the arena; the nearest Metrorail stations are Historic Overtown. The Metromover connects to Metrorail at Government Center station. American Airlines Arena features 939 parking spaces during HEAT Games. On-site parking is reserved for Dewar's 12 Clubhouse ticket holders. On-site parking spaces must be pre-purchased through the Arena's Official Parking Provider, ParkJockey; the American Airlines Arena along with the American Airlines Center in Dallas, hosted the 2006 NBA Finals and the 2011 NBA Finals. The Miami Heat played the Dallas Mavericks; the Heat won the championship in 2006 in Dallas and the Mavericks won in the 2011 rematch in Miami. These series were the second appearances in the NBA Finals for both franchises; as the airline held the naming rights to both venues, people nicknamed the matchups as the "American Airlines series".
The arena hosted the 2012, 2013 and 2014 NBA Finals along with the Chesapeake Energy Arena in Oklahoma City in 2012, the AT&T Center in San Antonio in 2013 and 2014. In 2012, the Heat defeated the Oklahoma City Thunder in five games, winning the championship at home. In 2013, the Heat played the San Antonio Spurs; the Heat faced a 3-2 series deficit returning to Miami but won games 6 and 7 to defend their championship. In 2014, the Spurs defeated the Heat in five games in San Antonio and won the championship and the rematch. Since 2015, the arena has hosted the annual Hoophall Miami Invitational, a National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I college basketball showcase event; the American Airlines Arena hosted the first UFC event in the state of Florida, UFC 42: Sudden Impact, on April 25, 2003. The arena held the WCW pay per view Uncensored in March 2000; the NFL Honors is scheduled for American Airlines Arena in 2020. Mariah Carey performed here as part of her Rainbow World Tour on March 29, 2000.
On November 7–8, 2002, Cher's Living Proof: The Farewell Tour performed at American Airlines Arena for an NBC special, which aired in April 2003, winning an Emmy Award. On March 28, 2004, Britney Spears performed to a sold out show as part of The Onyx Hotel Tour; the show was broadcast live over the world. She performed as part of her The Circus Starring Britney Spears Tour at the arena on March 7, 2009 and set an attendance record with a s
Demetria Devonne Lovato is an American singer and actress. After appearing on the children's television series Barney & Friends as a child, she received her breakthrough role as Mitchie Torres in the Disney Channel television film Camp Rock and its sequel Camp Rock 2: The Final Jam; the former film's soundtrack included Lovato's debut single, "This Is Me", which peaked in the top ten on the US Billboard Hot 100. She signed with Hollywood Records and released her debut studio album Don't Forget in 2008. In 2009, she released its follow up Here We Go Again, which became her first album to reach number one in the US. With the release of her third studio album, Lovato sang about her personal struggles, incorporated more elements of R&B into her music; the album contained two singles: "Skyscraper", which peaked at number ten in the US, "Give Your Heart a Break", which peaked at number sixteen. Her fourth studio album, was released in 2013 and experimented with synthpop; the album's lead single, "Heart Attack", peaked at number ten on the Billboard Hot 100.
After founding Safehouse Records in 2015, she released her fifth studio album, Confident that year. The album was distinguished for its mature themes, its lead single, "Cool for the Summer", peaked at number 11 on the Billboard Hot 100. She followed this with the soul-influenced album Tell Me You Love Me, which peaked at number three in the US, while its lead single "Sorry Not Sorry" became her highest charting single in the country, reaching number six. Outside of music, Lovato's television credits include starring as the titular character on Sonny with a Chance, she featured as a judge and mentor on the U. S. version of The X Factor. Lovato appeared as a recurring character on Glee, she has been subject of significant media attention due to her struggles with bipolar disorder, addiction, an eating disorder, self-harming, in response to which she published the book Staying Strong: 365 Days a Year in 2013. In 2017, her life and career were chronicled in the documentary Demi Lovato: Simply Complicated.
Lovato is a pop, pop rock, R&B artist. She has won numerous awards and accolades, including an MTV Video Music Award, 13 Teen Choice Awards, five People's Choice Awards, an ALMA Award, a Latin American Music Award. Lovato was cited for her dedication as a mentor to teens and young adults with mental health challenges at a National Children's Mental Health Awareness Day event, became the public face for the Human Rights Campaign's Americans for Marriage Equality Campaign, she has been honored with the GLAAD Vanguard Award for her services to LGBT activism. Lovato was born on August 20, 1992 in Albuquerque, New Mexico to former Dallas Cowboys cheerleader Dianna De La Garza and engineer and musician Patrick Martin Lovato, she has an older sister named Dallas. Lovato's parents divorced in mid-1994, shortly after her second birthday. Lovato's father was of Mexican descent, with Spanish and Native American ancestors, came from a family, living in New Mexico for generations, her mother is of Irish ancestry.
Through her father, Lovato is a descendant of Civil War Union veteran Francisco Perea and Santa Fe de Nuevo México governor Francisco Xavier Chávez. Through DNA testing Lovato discovered that she is of 16 percent Scandinavian descent and one percent of African descent. Lovato was raised in Texas. In 2002, she began her acting career on the children's television series Friends as Angela, she began playing piano at age seven and guitar at ten, when she began dancing and acting classes. Lovato told Ellen DeGeneres that she was bullied so badly that she asked for homeschooling, she received her high-school diploma through homeschooling in April 2009, she became a spokesperson for the anti-bullying organization PACER and appeared on America's Next Top Model to speak out against bullying. In 2006, Lovato appeared on Prison Break, on Just Jordan the following year; as of September 2015, Lovato's name appears on the "Unclaimed Coogan" list, a fund for child actors whose earnings were withheld, but which remain unclaimed by the former child performers.
In 2007 and 2008, Lovato played Charlotte Adams on the Disney Channel short series As the Bell Rings. Lovato auditioned for the channel's television film Camp Rock and series Sonny with a Chance during 2007 and got both roles. Lovato played aspiring singer Mitchie Torres, in Camp Rock; the film premiered on June 2008, to 8.9 million viewers. Its soundtrack was released three days earlier. Gillian Flynn of Entertainment Weekly wrote that Lovato's acting skills were underwhelming and she "has the knee-jerk smile of someone, told she has a great smile". Lovato sang four songs on the soundtrack, including "We Rock" and "This Is Me"; that summer, she began her Demi Live! Warm Up Tour before the release of her debut album and appeared on the Jonas Brothers' Burnin' Up Tour. Lovato's debut album, Don't Forget, was released on September 23, 2008, was met with positive reviews from critics. Michael Slezak of Entertainment Weekly said, "Demi Lovato might satisfy her'tween fans but she won't be winning any rockers over with Don't Forget".
The album debuted at number two with first-week sales of 89,000 copies. Ten of its songs were co-written with the Jonas Broth