Carlsberg is an area located straddling the border of Valby and Vesterbro districts in central Copenhagen, Denmark 2.4 km from the City Hall Square. The area emerged when J. C. Jacobsen founded his original brewery in the district in 1847; the first brewing took place on November 11, 1847, production took place continuously until October 30, 2008, when production was moved to Fredericia in Jutland. The Jacobsen House Brewery produces specialty beers; the entire brewery grounds spread over more than 30 hectares and is being transformed into a new city district in Copenhagen. The area is dominated by numerous historic and restored 19th- and early 20th-century buildings, many of which have lavish ornamentations, as well as two historic gardens; the buildings have served a wide array of original functions, some of which are not associated with the production of beer. These include a lighthouse, Italianate villas and a museum. After the decision was made to close the brewery, plans were launched to redevelop the area into a new district.
A master plan for the area draws on inspiration from classical, dense city centers with short, winding streets and small squares. It will feature ten slim towers; the planned district will aim at an active urban life. The plan won the master planning category at the 2009 World Architecture Festival. Carlsberg lies at the junction of four districts, it is bordered by Vesterbro to the east, Valby to the west, Frederiksberg Municipality to the north and Kongens Enghave to the south. The area to the west of Carlsberg is dominated by extensive areas of greenspace with Søndermarken-Frederiksberg Park to the northwest and Vestre Cemetery just across the rail tracks, to the southwest, making up a combined area of 120 hectares of parkland. In search of better water supplies and more space, J. C. Jacobsen's brewery located at the current site after receiving a license from the King. Construction of the new brewery started in January 1847 and the first batch of beer was brewed on 10 November 1847. Carlsberg's main building, today known as the Carlsberg Academy was inaugurated in 1853.
In 1857 the brewery was devastated by a fire but the buildings were rebuilt the same year. In 1870 the brewery was extended with an annexed brewery, leased by J. C. Jacobsen's son Carl Jacobsen after disagreements with his father. In 1876, J. C. Jacobsen established the Carlsberg Laboratory. In 1880 J. C. Jacobsen terminated his son's lease and Carl founds his own brewery on a neighbouring premises. With his father's consent he named it Ny Carlsberg, while Carlsberg's name was changed to Gammel Carlsberg. In 1887 J. C. Jacobsen died and his Carlsberg Foundation inherited his brewery. Over the next decades, the Carlsberg Breweries are continuously extended with new buildings. In 1892 the Dipylon building is added, in 1987 the Carlsberg Laboratory building and in 1901 the distinctive Elephant Gate as well as the Ny Carlsberg Brew House. In 1902, Carl Jacobsen founded the Ny Carlsberg Foundation as a subsidy under the Carlsberg Foundation, resulting in common ownership; the breweries built a joint tapping plant in 1903 and in 1906 they were formally merged under the name Carlsberg Breweries.
Carl Jacobsen heads the breweries as well as the foundation until his death in 1914. Notable buildings include the Boiler House from 1827 and the Hanging Gardens. In July 2006 Carlsberg decided to decommission the brewery in Valby and concentrate the brewery's production activities in Denmark at their other brewery, located in Fredericia. Only the headquarters and the small specialty brewery Jacobsen would remain at the historical site in Valby. Instead the former grounds were to be redeveloped by Carlsberg Properties with success developing the former Tuborg Brewery site in Hellerup into a new district known as Tuborg Havn. In late 2006, an international architecture competition was launched. In May 2007, the small Danish architectural practice Entasis was chosen as winner of the competition among 220 entries; as planned, production at the Valby Brewery ceased in late 2008. In February 2009 the district plan for the area was approved by the City; the Carlsberg district contains numerous historic buildings relating to the areas history as an important industrial site.
Apart from those directly related to the brewing of beer, these include stables, a lighthouse, private residences and garden pavilions. In 2008 13 building complexes and a garden were protected; the Elephant Gate & Tower is designed by Vilhelm Dahlerup and was built in 1901. The tower is the Carlsberg district's most famous landmark and takes its name from four granite elephants which flank the gate and carries the tower on their backs, it is inspired by Obelisk on Piazza della Minerva in Rome. The tower, which has a floor area of only 115 sqm, is built in ornamented tiles, it served as a water tower and herb silo. The Dipylon or Double Gate was designed by Vilhelm Dahlerup and was built in 1892. Dipylon being Greek for'double gate', the Dipylon Gate is a double-arched Gateway marking the Vesterbro-side entrance to Ny Carlsberg; the building used to serve a dual purpose as a Clock tower. The clock has artwork by Stephan Sinding; the arches have a granite cladding. Above them there is i diagonal pattern in red tiles.
On one side of the building, a frieze depicts nine persons in decorative tilework. They include Pierre Flasse, his wife Madrissa, his son and heir Ainsley as well as some key employees; the Brewhouse (Danish
Skydebanehaven is a small public park in the heart of the Vesterbro district of Copenhagen, Denmark. Its name refers to the former shooting range of the Royal Copenhagen Shooting Society which used to be located on the site; the most distinctive feature of the park is the Neo-Gothic Shooting Range Wall, constructed in 1887 to shield traffic on Istedgade from stray bullets. The other end of the park is bounded by the rear of the former headquarters of the Shooting Society, a Neoclassical mansion which now houses the Museum of Copenhagen. In the 1750s Royal Copenhagen Shooting Society established a shooting range in the area, located outside the fortified city, next to the main road leading in and out of the Western City Gate. In 1782 the society acquired a 3.5 hectare piece of land, stretching from present day Vesterbrogade to the beach just south of the city. The society built a mansion, completed in 1787, to serve as a venue for its active social life; when Vesterbro started to develop in the second half of the 19th century, after the city had been allowed to develop beyond its now decommissioned fortifications, the City expropriated much of the Shooting Society's grounds.
In 1887 a tall wall was constructed to shield newly established Istedgade from stray bullets from the shooting range. The wall was designed by the architect Ludvig Knudsen in a Neo-Gothic style. Knudsen modernized the interior of the Shooting Society's mansion in the 1890s and added a small new wing towards the gardens. In 1949 the Society moved to Sølyst Manor at Klampenborg north of Copenhagen, while the City acquired the rest of the property on Vesterbrogade; the park contains a playground and flower beds. Skydebanegade
StreetMekka is a 2,200 square metre indoor venue for street sports and street culture in the Kongens Enghave district of Copenhagen, Denmark. The activities include Street basketball, dance, street soccer, street art, beat production, DJ'ing, it is situated at Enghavevej 82 D, adjacent to Copenhagen Skatepark. StreetMekka opened on 16 October 2010 in a former tram workshop, it is operated by the non-profit organization GAME and funded by Copenhagen Municipality in collaboration with locale- og anlægsfonden. StreetMekka received a Special Prize from the International Association for Sports and Leisure Facilities in 2013. Official website
Vesterbros Torv is a public square located at the corner of Vesterbrogade and Gasværksvej in the heart of the Vesterbro district of Copenhagen, Denmark. It is dominated by Elijah's Church; the square was established in 1850. Its triangular shape of the space was determined by a series of rope walks which used to be located at the site; the two buildings which flank Elijah's Church date from the establishment of the square. The church was completed as an infill in 1907, it is designed by Martin Nyrop. On the opposite side of the square, the two buildings which flank the passageway which passes through The New Theatre, one of them with a characteristic tower, was built as part of the large theatre complex; the theatre was inaugurated in 1908 and is built to a design which mixes Art Nouveaux with other styles. The Hercules Fountain was a gift from the society Hovedstadens forskønnelse, it was designed by the sculptor Rasmus Harboe who had created the reliefs on the facade of Elijah's Church. A plaque on No.
55A commemorates the World War II resistance fighter Erik Koch Michelsen. He was shot at the site on 3 March 1945. In 1901 city architect Ludvig Fenger fitted the square with underground lavatories. Similar facilities were constructed at the City Hall Square and Nyhavn
Istedgade is a street located in the district of Vesterbro in the Danish capital, Copenhagen. Located west of Copenhagen Central Station, Istedgade is a 1-kilometer straight street starting in the cheap hotel district, moving through the porn and drugs area to modern Vesterbro, where 1900s tenement style blocks have undergone significant modernization and the street now cuts through one of the hippest neighbourhoods in Copenhagen, it is considered the main traffic artery and the heart of Vesterbro. The lewd part of Istedgade has for many years constituted its image along with the local residents' views of themselves as true working class, united under the 1940s slogan "Istedgade overgiver sig aldrig!" To this day a banner with the slogan is flown across the street around Liberation Day to commemorate the Istedgade uprising and general strikes of the summer of 1944. Today, as all of Istedgade and with it Vesterbro has undergone a gentrification. Stores and cafes abound. Notable cafes and bars: Riccos kaffebar Bang og Jensen Riesen bar, around the corner up Oehlenschlägersgade Vega, on Enghavevej around the corner from Enghave Plads Blomsten Istedgade 28 is used as a location at 1:05:32 in the 1978 Olsen-banden film The Olsen Gang Sees Red.
Enghave Brygge is a waterfront area in the Southern Docklands of Copenhagen, Denmark. It is located between Teglholmen to Kalvebod Brygge to the north. An abandoned industrial site, a plan for its redevelopment was adopted in July 2013; the most prominent landmark in the area is the H. C. Ørsted Power Station. The land is owned by JM Danmark samt By & Havn; the plan for the area has been created by Juul Frost Arkitekter, Gröning Arkitekter and Danielsen Architecture in collaboration with the City. The area will comprise 2,400 apartments and about 37.800 square metres of commercial and retail space. A central element in the plan is the creation of a 700 metres long canal, Enghave Canal, which will be a modern equivavalent to Christianshavn Canal on the other side of the harbor; the buildings along the water will be located on 11 individual "islands". A greenspace will mark the transition to H. C. Ørsted Power Station. Enghave Brygge will be a station on the planned South Harbour Line of the Copenhagen Metro.
Bridges will connect Enghave Brygge to Teglholmen to the south and across the harbor to the southern part of Islands Brygge. Enghave Brygge is seen in silhouet st 0:42:28 in the first Olsen Gang film. In The Last Exploits of the Olsen Gang, Bøffen tries to make Egon "disappear and stay disappeared" by embedding his feet in a concrete block and dumping him into the harbor from a crane at one of the scrapyards on Enghave Brygge. Enghave Brygge is used as a location at 0:43:46 in The Olsen Gang on the Track. Enghave Brygge is used as a location at 0:28:00 in The Olsen Gang Outta Sight. Frederiks Brygge Local plan proposal
Sønder Boulevard is a boulevard in the Vesterbro district of Copenhagen, whose broad central reserve has been turned into a linear park with various facilities for sports and other activities. It continues south-west to Enghavevej at Enghave station. Sønder Boulevard follows the initial stretch of Denmarks first railway, the West Line between Copenhagen and Roskilde, which opened in 1847. In 1864, the rail line was moved to a more northern course, through Frederiksberg, before being moved to its current position just south of Sønder Boulevard in 1911; the portion of the abandoned railway terrain closest to the city was transformed into a street known as Ny Stormgade, but Sønder Boulevard in its current form was established in 1905. The name was chosen to complement Vester Boulevard, renamed H. C. Andersens Boulevard in 1954. In World War II, a stray British bomb hit No. 106 and exploded during Operation Carthage on 21 March 1945, killing 11 people in the building. Sønder Boulevard was long a dilapidated thoroughfare dominated by traffic.
The elm trees which lined it were hit by Dutch elm disease and had to be removed. After Halmtorvet was refurbished between 1999 and 2003, Sønder Boulevard was given similar treatment from 2005 to 2007; the project was designed by SLA. The boulevard has sections with different forms of vegetation such as perennial gardens. Facilities include a playground with a shipwreck theme, a ball cage, a track for BMX bikes and seating areas with different ambiances. Most of the boulevard is lined with typical Copenhagen five-storey residential buildings from the late 19th and early 20th century. Absalon's Church was completed in 1934 to design by Arthur Wittmaack. Wittmaack has designed the cinema Boulevard Teatret which opened at No. 79-81 in 1924. In 1965, it was taken over by Peter Refn og Knud Hauge and operated as Copenhagen's first art cinema under the name Camera, it closed after Refn took over Grand Teatret in 1974. The Camera cinema was used as a location in the 1967 film Fantasterne and again in the 1968 film Min søsters børn vælter byen.
Sønder Boulevard on SLA's website Sønder Boulevard with images on online architecture guide