North Amherst Center Historic District
The North Amherst Center Historic District encompasses the center of North Amherst, part of the town of Amherst, Massachusetts. It is a well-preserved example of a traditional farming village, centered at the five-way junction of Meadow and North Pleasant Streets, Sunderland and Montague Roads; the area developed as a village center in the early 19th century, has been little-changed since the late 19th century. The district was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1991; the crossroads at the center of North Amherst took shape in the mid-18th century, when the area was still part of Hadley. The area had been surveyed with land divisions for farming resulting in its creation. A grist mill was located on the Mill River a short way north of the center. By the early 19th century there was a small cluster of buildings around the junction, by 1833 there were a church and tavern, as well as parsonage and doctor's residence; the area remained predominantly agricultural. The most significant late addition to the village streetscape was the 1893 Romanesque library.
The historic district radiates a short way away from the central five-way intersection a short way along each roadway. It extends furthest to the east on Pine Street and the south on North Pleasant Street, where it extends five properties. Most of the residential buildings are of wood frame construction, were built before about 1850, although there are a number of instances. Prominent public buildings include the 1826 North Amherst Congregational Church, the 1893 North Amherst Library, the c. 1845 North Amherst Hall, which has seen a number of uses, including as a school and as a performance and lecture venue. National Register of Historic Places listings in Hampshire County, Massachusetts
University of Massachusetts Amherst
The University of Massachusetts Amherst is a public research and land-grant university in Amherst, Massachusetts. It is the flagship campus of the University of Massachusetts system. UMass Amherst has an annual enrollment of 1,300 faculty members and more than 30,000 students and was ranked 27th best public university by U. S. News Report in 2018 in the national universities category; the university offers academic degrees in 77 master's and 48 doctoral programs. Programs are coordinated in colleges; the main campus is situated north of downtown Amherst. In 2012, U. S. News and World Report ranked Amherst among the Top 10 Great College Towns in America, it is a member of the Five College Consortium. The University of Massachusetts Amherst is categorized as a Research University with Highest research activity by the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching. In fiscal year 2014, UMass Amherst had research expenditures exceeding $200 million. UMass Amherst sports teams are called the Minutemen and Minutewomen, the colors being maroon and white.
All teams participate in NCAA Division I. The university is a member of the Atlantic 10 Conference, while playing ice hockey in Hockey East and football as an FBS Independent; the university was founded in 1863 under the provisions of the Federal Morrill Land-Grant Colleges Act to provide instruction to Massachusetts citizens in "agricultural and military arts." Accordingly, the university was named the Massachusetts Agricultural College, popularly referred to as "Mass Aggie" or "M. A. C." In 1867, the college had yet to admit any students, been through two Presidents, had still not completed any college buildings. In that year, William S. Clark was appointed Professor of Botany, he appointed a faculty, completed the construction plan, and, in the fall of 1867, admitted the first class of 50 students. Clark became the first president to serve longterm after the schools opening and is regarded the primary founding father of the college. Of the school's founding figures, there are a traditional "founding four"- Clark, Levi Stockbridge, Charles Goessmann, Henry Goodell, described as "the botanist, the farmer, the chemist, the man of letters."The original buildings consisted of Old South College, North College, the Chemistry Laboratory known as College Hall, the Boarding House, the Botanic Museum and the Durfee Plant House.
Although enrollment was slow during the 1870s, the fledgling college built momentum under the leadership of President Henry Hill Goodell. In the 1880s, Goodell implemented an expansion plan, adding the College Drill Hall in 1883, the Old Chapel Library in 1885, the East and West Experiment Stations in 1886 and 1890; the Campus Pond, now the central focus of the University Campus, was created in 1893 by damming a small brook. The early 20th century saw great expansion in the scope of the curriculum; the first female student was admitted in 1875 on a part-time basis and the first full-time female student was admitted in 1892. In 1903, Draper Hall was constructed for the dual purpose of a dining female housing; the first female students graduated with the class of 1905. The first dedicated female dormitory, the Abigail Adams House was built in 1920. By the start of the 20th century, the college was thriving and expanded its curriculum to include the liberal arts; the Education curriculum was established in 1907.
In recognition of the higher enrollment and broader curriculum, the college was renamed Massachusetts State College in 1931. Following World War II, the G. I. Bill, facilitating financial aid for veterans, led to an explosion of applicants; the college population soared and Presidents Hugh Potter Baker and Ralph Van Meter labored to push through major construction projects in the 1940s and 1950s with regard to dormitories. Accordingly, the name of the college was changed in 1947 to the "University of Massachusetts." By the 1970s, the University continued to grow and gave rise to a shuttle bus service on campus as well as many other architectural additions. Du Bois Library, the Fine Arts Center. Over the course of the next two decades, the John W. Lederle Graduate Research Center and the Conte National Polymer Research Center were built and UMass Amherst emerged as a major research facility; the Robsham Memorial Center for Visitors welcomed thousands of guests to campus after its dedication in 1989.
For athletic and other large events, the Mullins Center was opened in 1993, hosting capacity crowds as the Minutemen basketball team ranked at number one for many weeks in the mid-1990s, reached the Final Four in 1996. UMass Amherst entered. In 2003, for the first time, the Massachusetts State Legislature designated UMass Amherst as a Research Univ
Amherst, New York
Amherst is a town in Erie County, New York, United States. Amherst is the most populated town in upstate New York, an inner ring suburb of Buffalo; as of the 2010 census, the town had a total population of 122,366. This represents an increase of 5.0% from the 2000 census. The largest and most populous suburb of Buffalo, New York, the town of Amherst encompasses the village of Williamsville as well as the hamlets of Eggertsville, Snyder and East Amherst; the town is in the northern part of borders a section of the Erie Canal. Most of the eastern side of the town is referred to as Williamsville, New York due to sharing the zip code with the village and closeness. Amherst is home to the north campus of the University at Buffalo, the graduate campus of Medaille College, a satellite campus of Bryant & Stratton College, Daemen College; the town of Amherst was created by the State of New York on April 10, 1818. Amherst was formed from part of the town of Buffalo, created from the town of Clarence. Timothy S. Hopkins was elected the first supervisor of the town of Amherst in 1819.
Part of Amherst was used to form the town of Cheektowaga on March 22, 1839. The opening of the Erie Canal in 1825 spurred the development of Amherst with new settlers and commerce. German settlers in particular settled in the northern part of Amherst because of the developing farms in the area. Nearby water resources in Amherst attracted commerce companies such as Grist Mills, Saw Mills, several other companies populated the area around Ellicott Creek. Several communities and hamlets started to develop around this time, such as Williamsville and Snyder, East Amherst and Swormville, Getzville; the Town of Amherst Archival Research Center is located in the Harlem Road Community Center, 4255 Harlem Road, Amherst NY 14226 According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 53.6 square miles, of which 53.2 square miles is land and 0.39 square miles, or 0.73%, is water. Much of Amherst was floodplain and marshland, much of, drained in recent years to facilitate development of new homes and businesses.
The central and southern parts of the town are suburbanized. The northern part of the town is still undeveloped, with the prominent exception of the portions along Niagara Falls Boulevard bordering the towns of Tonawanda and Wheatfield; some sections of northern and eastern Amherst have experienced problems with residential foundations as a result of unstable soil conditions. A few active farms may still be found in the northern part of the town. Amherst is bordered on the north by Niagara County. Ellicott Creek flows through the town. Niagara County, Town of Pendleton - north Niagara County, City of North Tonawanda - northwest Town of Tonawanda - west City of Buffalo - southwest Town of Lancaster - southeast Town of Cheektowaga - south Town of Clarence - east Areas within Amherst are referred to by the former post office station names and are not incorporated. During the 1990s, many of these regional post offices were closed and consolidated into the central Amherst 14226 post office on Bailey Avenue, leaving only a Williamsville post office on Sheridan Drive, a Getzville post office on Millersport Highway, an East Amherst post office on Transit Road.
Mailing addresses to areas within the town are Amherst, East Amherst, Getzville and Williamsville. These postal districts are still recognized by the post office and referred to by citizens; some of these mailing addresses overlap: some areas of Clarence directly east of Transit Road have Williamsville addresses, although for the purposes of taxes and community resources, these people are residents of the Town of Clarence. The areas listed below are governed and run by the Town of Amherst except for the Village of Williamsville, an independent political entity. Eggertsville is a suburban community in the southwest part of the town, bordering on Buffalo centered around Eggert Road. Daemen College is located on Main Street; the community is named after early postmaster Christian Eggert. Getzville -- A location near the center of the town by Campbell Boulevard and Dodge Road; the name comes from early resident Joseph Getz. Audubon - A location in the center of the town situated around John James Audubon Parkway.
The town police and main library are located here. East Amherst -- An unincorporated community, or hamlet, in the eastern part of the town, shared with the Town of Clarence. North Bailey -- A location by the junction of Bailey Avenue and Maple Road. Snyder -- A suburban community located between Eggertsville and the Village of Williamsville. Swormville - A hamlet in the eastern part of the town, shared with the Town of Clarence. Named for Adam Schworm, prominent landowner and businessman. West Amherst - A location in the northwestern part of the town bordered by Niagara Falls Boulevard to the west, Sweet Home Road to the east and Maple Road to the south. Principally the section of the town which comprises the Sweet Home central school district. Williamsville - Most of the Village of Williamsville is within Amherst, located in the south part of th
Amherst is a town in Hampshire County, United States, in the Connecticut River valley. As of the 2010 census, the population was 37,819, making it the highest populated municipality in Hampshire County; the town is home to Amherst College, Hampshire College, the University of Massachusetts Amherst, three of the Five Colleges. The name of the town is pronounced without the h, giving rise to the local saying, "only the'h' is silent", in reference both to the pronunciation and to the town's politically active populace. Amherst has three census-designated places. Amherst is part of Massachusetts Metropolitan Statistical Area. Lying 22 miles north of the city of Springfield, Amherst is considered the northernmost town in the Hartford-Springfield Metropolitan Region, "The Knowledge Corridor"; the earliest known document of the lands now comprising Amherst is the deed of purchase dated December 1658 between John Pynchon of Springfield and three native inhabitants, referred to as Umpanchla and Chickwalopp.
According to the deed, "ye Indians of Nolwotogg upon ye River of Quinecticott" sold the entire area in exchange for "two Hundred fatham of Wampam & Twenty fatham, one large Coate at Eight fatham wch Chickwollop set of, of trusts, besides severall small giftes". Amherst was first visited by Europeans as early as 1665 when Nathaniel Dickinson surveyed the lands for its mothertown Hadley; the first permanent English settlements arrived in 1727, it was part of Hadley when it gained precinct status in 1734. It gained township in 1759; when it incorporated, the colonial governor assigned the town the name "Amherst" after Jeffery Amherst, 1st Baron Amherst. Many colonial governors at the time scattered his name amidst the influx of new town applications, why several towns in the Northeast bear the name. Amherst was a hero of the French and Indian War who, according to popular legend, singlehandedly won Canada for the British and banished France from North America. Popular belief has it that he supported the American side in the Revolutionary War and resigned his commission rather than fight for the British.
Baron Amherst remained in the service of the Crown during the war—albeit in Great Britain rather than North America—where he organized the defense against the proposed Franco-Spanish Armada of 1779. Nonetheless, his previous service in the French and Indian War meant he remained popular in New England. Amherst is infamous for recommending, in a letter to a subordinate, the use of smallpox-covered blankets in warfare against the Native Americans along with any "other method that can serve to Extirpate this Execrable Race". For this reason, there have been occasional ad hoc movements. Suggested new names have included "Emily", after Emily Dickinson. Amherst celebrated its 250th anniversary in 2009; the Amherst 250th Anniversary Celebration Committee and Amherst Historical Society organized events, including a book published by the Historical Society and written by Elizabeth M. Sharpe, Amherst A to Z. According to the United States Census Bureau, Amherst has a total area of 27.7 square miles, of which 27.6 square miles are land and 0.12 square miles, or 0.48%, are water.
The town is bordered by Hadley to the west and Leverett to the north, Shutesbury and Belchertown to the east, Granby and South Hadley to the south. The highest point in the town is on the northern shoulder of Mount Norwottuck at the southern border of the town; the town is nearly equidistant from both the southern state lines. Amherst's ZIP Code of 01002 is the second-lowest number in the continental United States after Agawam. Amherst has a humid continental climate that under the Köppen system marginally falls into the warm-summer category, it is interchangeable with the hot-summer subtype dfa with July means hovering around 71.4 °F. Winters are cold and snowy, albeit daytime temperatures remain above freezing. Under the 2012 USDA Plant Hardiness Zone system, Amherst is in zone 5b; as of the 2010 U. S. Census, there were 37,819 people, 9,259 households, 4,484 families residing in the town. There were 9,711 housing units; the racial makeup of the town was 76.9% White, 5.4% Black or African American, 0.2% Native American, 10.9% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 2.4% some other race, 4.1% from two or more races.
7.3 % of the population were Latino of any race. Of the 9,259 households in the town, 23.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 35.6% were headed by married couples living together, 16.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 51.6% were non-families. Of all households, 27.3% were made up of individuals, 9.7% were someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.88. In the town, 10.0% of the population were under the age of 18, 55.7% were from 18 to 24, 13.3% were from 25 to 44, 13.6% were from 45 to 64, 7.4% were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 21.6 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.7 males. For the period 2011-15, the estimated median annual income for a household
Amherst is a city in Lorain County, United States. It is located 28 miles west of Cleveland; the population was 12,021 at the 2010 census. The original village which became known as Amherst was established/founded by pioneer settler Josiah Harris, although the original tiny village was first known only as "Amherst Corners" in the early-1830s; when the village-plat was recorded in 1836, it was named the "town plat of Amherst", but became "Amherstville" circa-1839, was changed to "North Amherst", until again simply'Amherst' in 1909. The village is said to have had its beginnings as early as 1812, because land, settled by pioneer Jacob Shupe, in the "Beaver Creek Settlement", was included into the Amherst city-limits. However, the actual original Josiah Harris village-plat did not encompass Shupe's site. By the latter 1800's, Amherst acquired the title Sandstone Center of the World. Many early buildings are constructed of native sandstone, the quarries were an important source of grindstones. There were nine sandstone quarries in the area operating at the peak of production.
Cleveland Quarries Company, established in 1868, no longer quarries in Amherst but is still quarrying Berea Sandstone. Amherst, part of the Greater Cleveland area, is located at 41°24′0″N 82°13′34″W; the elevation is 689 feet above sea level. Amherst is located 2.5 miles south of Lake Erie. According to the 2010 census, the city has a total area of 7.12 square miles, of which 7.06 square miles is land and 0.06 square miles is water. Amherst possesses a humid continental climate typical of much of the Central United States, with warm to hot, humid summers and cold winters with moderate snow. Amherst is located in Hardiness Zone 6a/6b. A recent trend since the Hardiness rezoning is the discovery that certain tropical plants like the Needle Palm, Chinese Windmill Palm and Fiber Banana trees can grow in Amherst with some protection; as of the census of 2010, there were 12,021 people, 4,772 households, 3,463 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,702.7 inhabitants per square mile.
There were 5,031 housing units at an average density of 712.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 95.7% White, 0.7% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.7% Asian, 1.0% from other races, 1.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.3% of the population. There were 4,772 households of which 30.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.7% were married couples living together, 10.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.1% had a male householder with no wife present, 27.4% were non-families. 23.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 2.95. The median age in the city was 45 years. 22.1% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 48.3% male and 51.7% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 11,797 people, 4,459 households, 3,388 families residing in the city; the population density was 1,646.1 people per square mile.
There were 4,603 housing units at an average density of 642.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 96.84% White, 0.53% African American, 0.14% Native American, 0.73% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.78% from other races, 0.98% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.93% of the population. There were 4,459 households out of which 34.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.6% were married couples living together, 7.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 24.0% were non-families. Twenty-one.six percent of all households were made up of individuals, 11.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61, the average family size was 3.04. In the city the population was spread out with 26.0% under the age of 18, 5.6% from 18 to 24, 27.3% from 25 to 44, 25.4% from 45 to 64, 15.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.9 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $53,516, the median income for a family was $57,990. Males had a median income of $47,750 versus $27,880 for females; the per capita income for the city was $25,565. About 1.2% of families and 2.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 0.3% of those under age 18 and 3.5% of those age 65 or over. The government in Amherst has traditionally been balanced between the local Democratic and the Republican Parties; the political makeup of the city is - Democrats: 56.1% Republicans: 43.4%Since becoming a city in 1960, the political power was balanced until the late 1960s and early 1970s when the Republicans led by Mayor Anthony DePaola dominated until 19
Amherst station (Nova Scotia)
Amherst station is an inter-city railway station in Amherst, Nova Scotia served by Via Rail Ocean train. The station, which opened in 1908, was staffed by Via Rail until October 2012 when the building was closed. Via Rail passenger trains continue to stop at the station, with checked baggage handled by on-train crew members. In January 2018, the Town of Amherst announced, it will take possession of the building and lease it to allow a local entrepreneur for use as a restaurant, with a plan for its eventual transfer to the entrepreneur through a lease-to-own agreement. As part of the agreement, Via passengers will continue to have access to a waiting area and washrooms, Via will continue to maintain equipment within the building; the Town has designated it a Municipal Heritage building. The Intercolonial Railway opened its line from Truro to Moncton on 9 November 1872; the ICR served Amherst passengers from a station constructed of wood on the same site as the present-day structure. The present structure is constructed of local red sandstone.
In 1918, the ICR was merged into another federal Crown corporation, the Canadian National Railways, however to this day, local residents still refer to the Amherst Railway Station as the Intercolonial Railway Station. In 1978, CN transferred responsibility for passenger rail services to another federal Crown corporation, Via Rail. Via is the operator of the station, which serves the 3 days a week Ocean route. Several minor modifications have been undertaken to the structure in recent decades, including removing the south wing in 1975, replacing the bottom exterior stone in 1991 with stone from the Roman Catholic Church once located on Prince Arthur Street, in 1992 new metal exterior doors were installed. Media related to Amherst railway station at Wikimedia Commons Via Rail station page for Amherst station
Amherst is a town in Hancock County, United States. The population was 265 at the 2010 census. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 39.63 square miles, of which 39.32 square miles is land and 0.31 square miles is water. As of the census of 2010, there were 265 people, 121 households, 78 families residing in the town; the population density was 6.7 inhabitants per square mile. There were 174 housing units at an average density of 4.4 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 98.5% White and 1.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.4% of the population. There were 121 households of which 21.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.9% were married couples living together, 5.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 6.6% had a male householder with no wife present, 35.5% were non-families. 28.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.19 and the average family size was 2.56. The median age in the town was 47.4 years. 17% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the town was 52.5% male and 47.5% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 230 people, 107 households, 60 families residing in the town; the population density was 5.9 people per square mile. There were 153 housing units at an average density of 3.9 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 98.26% White, 0.43% Native American, 0.43% from other races, 0.87% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.43% of the population. There were 107 households out of which 23.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.5% were married couples living together, 1.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 43.0% were non-families. 33.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.15 and the average family size was 2.77.
In the town, the population was spread out with 20.0% under the age of 18, 2.6% from 18 to 24, 30.9% from 25 to 44, 34.8% from 45 to 64, 11.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females, there were 123.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 142.1 males. The median income for a household in the town was $26,042, the median income for a family was $30,833. Males had a median income of $27,917 versus $21,750 for females; the per capita income for the town was $16,548. About 8.1% of families and 14.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.5% of those under the age of eighteen and 4.0% of those sixty five or over. From The New England Gazetteer: Containing Descriptions of the States, Counties... By John Hayward. Published 1857, O Clapp Amherst, ME. Hancock Co; this town is bounded on the S. by Mariaville. The head waters of Union River pass through it, it lies 22 miles N. of Ellsworth, 22 miles E. of Bangor, on the road to Calais.
It has one large tannery. This is a good farming town. From A Survey of Hancock County, Maine: By Samuel Wasson, Pub. 1878,Sprague, Owen & Nash Amherst. This town, like Aurora, is a six-mile square, it is 22 miles N. N. E. of Ellsworth. It is favored in respect to water power, it has one saw, one clapboard, one grist, two shingle mills, a large tannery. Union River divides the town. East of it is good orchard land. West of the river, excepting the interval, the soil is the surfaces hilly. Near the'corner' is a high ledge, some acres in extent, of a peculiar formation. Rev. Mr. Loring writes, that among its minerals are'sulphuret of iron, crystals of quartz and granite.' The high ledge we supposed to be porphyry, containing crystals of iron pyrites and compact feldspar.. In the improvement of its stock, Amherst stands unrivaled. Mr Buzzell has employed a mule team for years; the endurance of mules is wonderful. It would be of mutual advantage to Amherst and Aurora, to put up a cheese factory at the'corner.'
Both towns have entered the cycle of years. The hides used in the sole-leather tannery of Buzzell & Sons, are principally from South America and Mexico, it was set off from the plantation of Mariaville, in 1822, incorporated on the 5th of February, 1831. Its name was suggested from Amherst, N. H, it is thought that men began to come in and fell trees in it as early as 1802 or 1803. Among the first that came were Mr. Chapman, Mr. Shumway, Mr. Whitman, John Barker, John Giles, Thomas Harpworth and Mr. Graves. In 1805 Capt. Goodell Silsby came in from Charleton, N. H. In 1806 or 1807 his parents came and took up the lots now known as'The Old Silsby Place.'The only meeting-house was erected in 1844. Three men, one living in Amherst and two in Aurora, built it; the first settlers endured many hardships. Some came into Ellsworth, in a vessel, from that point found their way hither by following a spotted line on the trees; some carried their grain twelve miles on their backs to grist mill, home again. This is the 26th town.
Population, 350. Decennary loss, 34. Wealth, per capita, $165. Area 23,040 acres. State valuation, $57, 276. U. S. valuation, $82,477. Union soldiers, 43. Lawrence Lockman, state legislator