Rafael Jiménez Inclán is a Mexican actor. He stars on movies and stage works, he was known on Mujeres Asesinas. His career began in 1969. Inclán was born in Yucatán, México. Carnival Nights The Loving Ones Midnight Dolls The Pulque Tavern Mi marido tiene familia... Eugenio Córcega Mi corazón es tuyo.... Nicolás Lascuráin Cachito de cielo.... Ernesto Landeros "Pupi" Niña de mi corazón... Vittorio Conti Atrévete a soñar.... Tamir Alma de hierro.... Don Ignacio Hierro González Pasión.... Pirata Código Postal.... Avelino Gutiérrez Rebelde.... Guillermo Arregui Clase 406.... Ezequiel Cuervo Amigas y rivales.... Moncho/Manuel de la Colina/Jacaranda Ramona.... Juan Canito Cuento de Navidad.... Don Chente DKDA: Sueños de juventud.... Taxista Camila.... Productor discográfico Luis Lavalle Mi pequeña traviesa.... Marcello Mi querida Isabel.... Pantaleón La pícara soñadora.... Camilo López En carne propia Simplemente María.... Don Chema Rosa salvaje.... Inspector de Policía Vivir un poco.... Filogonio Llanos del Toro "Marabunta" Rafael Inclán on IMDb
Dolby Digital is the name for audio compression technologies developed by Dolby Laboratories. Named Dolby Stereo Digital until 1994, except for Dolby TrueHD, the audio compression is lossy; the first use of Dolby Digital was to provide digital sound in cinemas from 35mm film prints. Batman Returns was the first film to use Dolby Digital technology when it premiered in theaters in the summer of 1992. Dolby Digital cinema soundtracks are optically recorded on a 35 mm release print using sequential data blocks placed between every perforation hole on the sound track side of the film. A constant bit rate of 320 kbit/s is used. A charge-coupled device scanner in the image projector picks up a scanned video image of this area, a processor correlates the image area and extracts the digital data as an AC-3 bitstream; the data is decoded into a 5.1 channel audio source. All film prints with Dolby Digital data have Dolby Stereo analogue soundtracks using Dolby SR noise reduction and such prints are known as Dolby SR-D prints.
The analogue soundtrack provides a fall-back option in case of damage to the data area or failure of the digital decoding. All current release cinema prints are of this type and may include SDDS data and a timecode track to synchronize CD-ROMs carrying DTS soundtracks; the simplest way of converting existing projectors is to add a so-called penthouse digital soundhead above the projector head. However, for new projectors it made sense to use dual analogue/digital soundheads in the normal optical soundhead position under the projector head. To allow for the dual-soundhead arrangement the data is recorded 26 frames ahead of the picture. If a penthouse soundhead is used, the data must be delayed in the processor for the required amount of time, around 2 seconds; this delay can be adjusted in steps of the time between perforations. As of 2015, Dolby Digital in film sound mixing is being replaced with Dolby Surround 7.1, with the more advanced Dolby Atmos technology gaining in popularity. While majority of movie theaters utilize Dolby Digital all films released today are mixed in Dolby Surround 7.1 and Dolby Atmos.
Dolby Digital has similar technologies, included in Dolby Digital EX, Dolby Digital Live, Dolby Digital Plus, Dolby Digital Surround EX, Dolby Digital Recording, Dolby Digital Cinema, Dolby Digital Stereo Creator and Dolby Digital 5.1 Creator. Dolby Digital is the common version containing up to six discrete channels of sound; the most elaborate mode in common use involves five channels for normal-range speakers and one channel for the subwoofer driven low-frequency effects. Mono and stereo modes are supported. AC-3 supports audio sample-rates up to 48 kHz; this format has different names: Dolby Digital DD AC-3 ATSC A/52 Before 1996, was marketed as Dolby Surround AC-3, Dolby Stereo Digital, Dolby SRD. In 1991, a limited experimental release of Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Country in Dolby Digital played in 3 US theatres. In 1992, Batman Returns is the first movie to be released in Dolby Digital. In 1995, the LaserDisc version of Clear and Present Danger featured the first home theater Dolby Digital mix followed by True Lies, Forrest Gump, Interview with the Vampire among others.
Dolby Digital EX is similar in practice to Dolby's earlier Pro-Logic format, which utilized matrix technology to add a center surround channel and single rear surround channel to stereo soundtracks. EX adds an extension to the standard 5.1 channel Dolby Digital codec in the form of matrixed rear channels, creating 6.1 or 7.1 channel output. It provides an economical and backwards-compatible means for 5.1 soundtracks to carry a sixth, center back surround channel for improved localization of effects. The extra surround channel is matrix encoded onto the discrete left surround and right surround channels of the 5.1 mix, much like the front center channel on Dolby Pro Logic encoded stereo soundtracks. The result can be played without loss of information on standard 5.1 systems, or played in 6.1 or 7.1 on systems with Surround EX decoding and added speakers. Dolby Digital Surround EX has since been used for the Star Wars prequels on the DVD versions and the remastered original Star Wars trilogy.
A number of DVDs have a Dolby Digital Surround EX audio option. The cinema version of Dolby Digital EX was introduced in 1999, when Dolby and Skywalker Sound, a division of Lucasfilm Ltd. codeveloped Dolby Digital Surround EX™ for the release of Star Wars: Episode I – The Phantom Menace. Dolby Digital Surround EX has since been used for the Star Wars prequels on the DVD versions and the remastered original Star Wars trilogy. Dolby Digital Live is a real-time encoding technology for interactive media such as video games, it converts any audio signals on a PC or game console into a 5.1-channel 16-bit/48 kHz Dolby Digital format at 640 kbit/s and transports it via a single S/PDIF cable. A similar technology known as DTS Connect is available from competitor DTS. An important benefit of this technology is that it enables the use of digital multichannel sound with consumer sound cards, which are otherwise limited to digital PCM stereo or
Mexico City, or the City of Mexico, is the capital of Mexico and the most populous city in North America. Mexico City is one of the most important financial centres in the Americas, it is located in the Valley of Mexico, a large valley in the high plateaus in the center of Mexico, at an altitude of 2,240 meters. The city has 16 boroughs; the 2009 population for the city proper was 8.84 million people, with a land area of 1,485 square kilometers. According to the most recent definition agreed upon by the federal and state governments, the population of Greater Mexico City is 21.3 million, which makes it the largest metropolitan area of the Western Hemisphere, the eleventh-largest agglomeration, the largest Spanish-speaking city in the world. Greater Mexico City has a GDP of $411 billion in 2011, making Greater Mexico City one of the most productive urban areas in the world; the city was responsible for generating 15.8% of Mexico's GDP, the metropolitan area accounted for about 22% of total national GDP.
If it were an independent country, in 2013, Mexico City would be the fifth-largest economy in Latin America, five times as large as Costa Rica and about the same size as Peru. Mexico’s capital is both the oldest capital city in the Americas and one of two founded by Native Americans, the other being Quito, Ecuador; the city was built on an island of Lake Texcoco by the Aztecs in 1325 as Tenochtitlan, completely destroyed in the 1521 siege of Tenochtitlan and subsequently redesigned and rebuilt in accordance with the Spanish urban standards. In 1524, the municipality of Mexico City was established, known as México Tenochtitlán, as of 1585, it was known as Ciudad de México. Mexico City was the political and financial center of a major part of the Spanish colonial empire. After independence from Spain was achieved, the federal district was created in 1824. After years of demanding greater political autonomy, residents were given the right to elect both a Head of Government and the representatives of the unicameral Legislative Assembly by election in 1997.
Since, the left-wing Party of the Democratic Revolution has controlled both of them. The city has several progressive policies, such as abortion on request, a limited form of euthanasia, no-fault divorce, same-sex marriage. On January 29, 2016, it ceased to be the Federal District, is now known as Ciudad de México, with a greater degree of autonomy. A clause in the Constitution of Mexico, prevents it from becoming a state, as it is the seat of power in the country, unless the capital of the country were relocated elsewhere; the city of Mexico-Tenochtitlan was founded by the Mexica people in 1325. The old Mexica city, now referred to as Tenochtitlan was built on an island in the center of the inland lake system of the Valley of Mexico, which it shared with a smaller city-state called Tlatelolco. According to legend, the Mexicas' principal god, indicated the site where they were to build their home by presenting a golden eagle perched on a prickly pear devouring a rattlesnake. Between 1325 and 1521, Tenochtitlan grew in size and strength dominating the other city-states around Lake Texcoco and in the Valley of Mexico.
When the Spaniards arrived, the Aztec Empire had reached much of Mesoamerica, touching both the Gulf of Mexico and the Pacific Ocean. After landing in Veracruz, Spanish explorer Hernán Cortés advanced upon Tenochtitlan with the aid of many of the other native peoples, arriving there on November 8, 1519. Cortés and his men marched along the causeway leading into the city from Iztapalapa, the city's ruler, Moctezuma II, greeted the Spaniards. Cortés put Moctezuma under house arrest. Tensions increased until, on the night of June 30, 1520 – during a struggle known as "La Noche Triste" – the Aztecs rose up against the Spanish intrusion and managed to capture or drive out the Europeans and their Tlaxcalan allies. Cortés regrouped at Tlaxcala; the Aztecs thought the Spaniards were permanently gone, they elected a new king, Cuitláhuac, but he soon died. Cortés began a siege of Tenochtitlan in May 1521. For three months, the city suffered from the lack of food and water as well as the spread of smallpox brought by the Europeans.
Cortés and his allies landed their forces in the south of the island and fought their way through the city. Cuauhtémoc surrendered in August 1521; the Spaniards razed Tenochtitlan during the final siege of the conquest. Cortés first settled in Coyoacán, but decided to rebuild the Aztec site to erase all traces of the old order, he did not establish a territory under his own personal rule, but remained loyal to the Spanish crown. The first Spanish viceroy arrived in Mexico City fourteen years later. By that time, the city had again become a city-state, having power that extended far beyond its borders. Although the Spanish preserved Tenochtitlan's basic layout, they built Catholic churches over the old Aztec temples and claimed the imperial palaces for themselves. Tenochtitlan was renamed "Mexico"; the city had been the capital of the Aztec empire and in the colonial era, Mexico City became the capital of New Spain. The viceroy of Mexico or vice-king lived in the viceregal palace on Zócalo; the Mexico City Metropolitan Cathedral, the seat of the Archbishopric of New Spain, was const
Arath de la Torre
Arath De La Torre Balmaceda is a Mexican actor and comedian, best known for his roles in the television series Una Familia con Suerte as Pancho López and the critically acclaimed and popular novelas Soñadoras and Amigas y Rivales. At the age of 17 he moved from Cancún to Mexico City in order to study at the Centro de Educación Artística. In 1996 he made his debut in the telenovela Tú y yo for Televisa, one of the main TV broadcasters in Mexico. In 2003 he began to act in the sketch comedy show La Parodia, since 2004 in "El Privilegio de Mandar", his younger brother, Ulises de la Torre, is an actor and appears in La Parodia. In 2007, he hosted the now canceled show, his daughter's name is Gala Arath de la Torre on IMDb
Nailea Norvind is a Mexican theater and film actress. She appeared in the critically acclaimed film Gaby: A True Story, she lent her voice to play Princess Kida in the Spanish dubbing of Atlantis: The Lost Empire. Most remembered from her role as the villain Leonor in the telenovela Quinceañera, she was nominated for the Ariel in 2012 as best supporting actress for her role as Nina in the film " La Otra Familia". Nailea Norvind is the daughter of Norwegian-born psychosexual counselor, writer, producer and former actress Eva Norvind, in turn the daughter of a Russian prince, Paulovic Chegodayef Sakonsky, a Finnish sculptor, Johanna Kajanus. While Nailea became estranged from her mother when she was 12, they were reunited to search for her unknown Dutch father on the Dutch program "Spoorloos" on February 2, 2004. Nailea has two daughters of her own: Naian and Tessa Ía González Norvind, the last appearing at 17 years of age in her first movie Después de Lucía, a 2012 Mexican film by Michel Franco which won the Un Certain Regard prize in Cannes.
Norvind started her acting career at the age of 6 in theatre "A Doll's House" by Ibsen, in TV on the telenovela Chispita. Nailea's break came in at the age of 17 with the telenovela Quinceañera; the same year, she participated in the film Gaby: A True Story. After a few small roles in several other telenovelas, she made Cuando llega el amor and took a break from television, she returned eight years in the telenovela Preciosa. She appeared as herself in Didn't Do It for Love, a documentary about her mother directed by Monika Treut. In 2006, Nailea completed the film that her mother, Eva Norvind, had been directing and producing at the time of her death in May of that same year: entitled Born Without, it is a documentary about handicapped Mexican actor and musician Jose Flores, born without arms and other limbs, yet supports his large family by playing the harmonica at various venues throughout Mexico. Nailea Norvind on IMDb
Grupo Televisa, S. A. B. is a Mexican multimedia mass media company and the largest in Hispanic America and the Spanish-speaking world. It is a major international entertainment business, with much of its programming airing in the United States on Univision, with which it has an exclusive contract. Since its beginning the company has been owned by the Azcárraga family; the company has been owned by three generations of Azcárraga. Grupo Televisa was founded in 1955 as Telesistema Mexicano, linking Mexico's first three television stations: XHTV-TV, XEW-TV and XHGC-TV. Along Emilio Azcárraga Vidaurreta, the O'Farril family and Ernesto Barrientos Reyes, who had signed on Mexico's first radio station, XEW-AM, in 1930, its headquarters, known as Televicentro, were located on Avenida Chapultepec in downtown Mexico City. The building opened on February 10, 1952; the channel was the first national network to be broadcast in color in 1963. Before the launch, Telesistema began airing in color in the late 1950s in select cities along the U.
S.-Mexico border, given the fact that color signals were present since the start of US color television in the decade starting from 1954. In 1968, Telesistema's main competitor, Televisión Independiente de México, entered Mexico City with XHTM-TV Canal 8. At the time, both Telesistema and TIM competed with another new station, XHDF-TV channel 13, which started transmissions in 1968. Over the next four years, both networks competed in content and image until they merged, taking on the name Televisa in 1973. In the merger deal, the owners of Telesistema had 75 percent of the stocks, while the owners of Televisión Independiente had the rest, which were sold to Telesistema because of financial problems. On September 7, 1970, 24 Horas became one of Mexico's most watched news programs; the host, journalist Jacobo Zabludovsky, anchored the program for three decades. On August 17, 1972, Emilio Azcárraga Vidaurreta died, Emilio Azcárraga Milmo succeeded him as company president and owner. On January 8, 1973, both Telesistema Mexicano and Televisión Independiente de México merged, taking on the name Televisa, an acronym for Televisión Via Satélite in Spanish.
In 1975, brothers Emilio Diez Barroso and Fernando Diez Barroso began working in the presidency offices of Televisa. Televisa started to transmit several programs produced by the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México in 1977. On March 3, 1983, Canal 8 was reformatted to become a cultural channel, offering informative programs and cultural shows. In 1985, a frequency swap moved the station from channel 8 to 9, Televisa decided to swap its callsign for that of XEQ-TV, on channel 9 and broadcast from Altzomoni. Canal 9 became Galavisión, now known as Gala TV. On September 19, 1985, an earthquake measuring 8.1 on the Richter scale caused widespread damage in Mexico City and destroyed the south tower of Televisa's main building. Nonetheless, Televisa's transmissions were not affected. However, several dubbed TV shows were lost. In 1991, with help from Japanese public television network NHK, began its first broadcast in HDTV, using the Japanese MUSE system. Between 1993 and 1994 Televisa was about to buy Italian local TV station GBR, based in Rome, planning to import in Italy his mixed sport-telenovelas formula, but the transaction was aborted.
In April 1997, Milmo died and Emilio Azcárraga Jean succeeded him as the president of the company. In December 1997, Televisa joined with other Mexican media companies to create a marathon known as Teletón, whose mission is to provide knowledge about physical disabilities, giving a strong message about respect and support to people in these conditions; this movement from media and Mexicans is reflected in the buildings created with the money from this Marathon, named Centros de Rehabilitación Infantil. It is said that sponsors use it as a way to deduce taxes as the Teletón takes place at the end of the fiscal year and therefore allows companies to deduce their donations before declaring their incomes. Televisa is the largest mass media company in Latin America, it is owned by the Azcárraga family. Televisa controls 66% of the 465 television concessions. Televisa owns television programing and broadcasting, programing pay television, publishing distribution, cable television, radio production and broadcasting, football teams, Televisa editorial, paging services, professional sports and business promotion, film production and distribution, operation of horizontal internet portal, DVD distribution, EMI Televisa music, Playcity casino, etc.
Televisa is capable of creating, destroying or changing what audience believe or think about something or someone due to the high influence that it has over the society. In México, 6 of every 10 Mexicans get informed of what is happening in the country via television few people read newspapers, the access to internet and the programing pay television are limited to the middle and high classes; this is the reason of why Televisa has a great influence over the decisions in the Union Congress and over the politicians in México. Televisa determines who becomes a hero, who the villain. There is complicity between Mexican media and government. Media and political power in México have a symbiotic relationship where the economic elites that control
Salma Hayek Pinault is a Mexican and American film actress and former model. She began her career in Mexico starring in the telenovela Teresa and starred in the film El Callejón de los Milagros for which she was nominated for an Ariel Award. In 1991 Hayek moved to Hollywood and came to prominence with roles in films such as Desperado, From Dusk till Dawn and Wild Wild West, her breakthrough role was in the 2002 film Frida, as Mexican painter Frida Kahlo, for which she was nominated in the category of Best Actress for an Academy Award, BAFTA Award, Screen Actors Guild Award, Golden Globe Award. This movie was a critical and commercial success, she won a Daytime Emmy Award for Outstanding Directing in a Children/Youth/Family Special in 2004 for The Maldonado Miracle and received an Emmy Award nomination for Outstanding Guest Actress in a Comedy Series in 2007 after guest-starring in the ABC television comedy-drama Ugly Betty. She guest-starred on the NBC comedy series 30 Rock from 2009 to 2013.
In 2017, she was nominated for an Independent Spirit Award for her role in Beatriz at Dinner. Hayek's recent films include Grown Ups, Puss in Boots, Grown Ups 2, Tale of Tales and The Hitman's Bodyguard. Salma Hayek Jiménez was born in Coatzacoalcos, Mexico, her younger brother, Sami, is a furniture designer. Her mother, Diana Jiménez Medina, is an opera talent scout, her father, Sami Hayek Domínguez, is an oil company executive and owner of an industrial-equipment firm, who once ran for mayor of Coatzacoalcos. Her father is Mexican of Christian Lebanese descent, with his family being from the city of Baabdat, Lebanon, a city Salma and her father visited in 2015 to promote her movie Kahlil Gibran's The Prophet, her mother is Mexican of Spanish descent. In a 2011 interview with V magazine, Hayek mentioned that she was once an illegal immigrant in the United States, although it was not for a long period of time. In an interview in 2015 with Un Nuevo Día while visiting Madrid, Hayek described herself as fifty-percent Lebanese and fifty-percent Spanish, stating that her grandmother/maternal great-grandparents were from Spain.
Raised in a wealthy, devout Roman Catholic family, she was sent to the Academy of the Sacred Heart in Grand Coteau, Louisiana, at the age of twelve. In school, she was diagnosed with dyslexia, she attended university in Mexico City, where she studied International Relations at the Universidad Iberoamericana. At the age of 23, Hayek landed the title role in Teresa, a successful Mexican telenovela that made her a star in Mexico. In 1994, Hayek starred in the film El Callejón de los Milagros, which has won more awards than any other movie in the history of Mexican cinema. For her performance, Hayek was nominated for an Ariel Award. Hayek moved to California, in 1991 to study acting under Stella Adler, she had limited fluency in English, dyslexia. Robert Rodriguez, his producer and then-wife, Elizabeth Avellan, soon gave Hayek a starring role opposite Antonio Banderas in 1995's Desperado, she followed her role in Desperado with a brief role as a vampire queen in From Dusk till Dawn, in which she performed a table-top snake dance.
Hayek had a starring role opposite Matthew Perry in the 1997 romantic comedy Fools Rush In. In 1999 she co-starred in Will Smith's big-budget Wild Wild West, played a supporting role in Kevin Smith's Dogma. In 2000 Hayek had an uncredited acting part opposite Benicio del Toro in Traffic. In 2003, she reprised her role from Desperado by appearing in Once Upon a Time in Mexico, the final film of the Mariachi Trilogy. Around 2000, Hayek founded film production company Ventanarosa, through which she produces film and television projects, her first feature as a producer was 1999's El Coronel No Tiene Quien Le Escriba, Mexico's official selection for submission for Best Foreign Film at the Oscars. Frida, co-produced by Hayek, was released in 2002. Starring Hayek as Frida Kahlo, Alfred Molina as her unfaithful husband, Diego Rivera, the film was directed by Julie Taymor and featured an entourage of stars in supporting and minor roles and cameos, she earned a Best Actress Academy Award nomination for her performance.
In the Time of the Butterflies is a 2001 feature film based on the Julia Álvarez book of the same name, covering the lives of the Mirabal sisters. In the movie, Salma Hayek plays one of the sisters and Edward James Olmos plays the Dominican dictator Rafael Leónidas Trujillo whom the sisters opposed. In 2003, Hayek produced and directed The Maldonado Miracle, a Showtime movie based on the book of the same name, winning her a Daytime Emmy Award for Outstanding Directing in a Children/Youth/Family Special. In December 2005, she directed a music video for Prince, titled "Te Amo Corazon" that featured Mía Maestro. Hayek was an executive producer of Ugly Betty, a television series that aired around the world from 2006 to 2010. Hayek adapted the series for American television with Ben Silverman, who acquired the rights and scripts from the Colombian telenovela Yo Soy Betty La Fea in 2001. Intended as a half-hour sitcom for NBC in 2004, the project would be picked up by ABC for the 2006–2007 season with Silvio Horta producing.
Hayek guest-starred on Ugly Betty as a magazine editor. She had a cameo playing an actress in the telenovela within the show; the show won a Golden Globe Award for Best Comedy Series in 2007. Hayek's performance as Sofia resulted in a nomination for Outstanding Guest Actress in a Comedy Se