Miskolc (Hungarian pronunciation: is a city in northeastern Hungary, known for its heavy industry. With a population of 161,265 Miskolc is the fourth largest city in Hungary, it is the county capital of Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén and the regional centre of Northern Hungary. The name derives from Slavic form of Michael. Miškovec → Miskolc with the same development as Lipovec → Lipólc, Lipóc; the name is associated with the Miskolc clan named after the vice versa. Earliest mentions are que nunc vocatur Miscoucy, de Myschouch, Ponyt de genere Myscouch, in Miscovcy; the city lies at the meeting point of different geographical regions – east from the Bükk mountains, in the valley of the river Sajó and the streams Hejő and Szinva. According to the 2001 Census the city has a total area of 236.68 km2. The ground level slopes gradually; the lowest areas are the banks of the river Sajó, with an altitude of 110–120 m. The area is made up of sedimentary rocks. Between the Avas hill and Diósgyőr lies the hilly area of the Lower Bükk consisting of sandstone, clay, layers of coal, from the tertiary period, volcanic rocks from the Miocene.
The Central Bükk, a sloping mountainous area with an altitude between 400 and 600 m, is situated between Diósgyőr and Lillafüred. The surface was formed by karstic erosions; the highest area, the 600 -- 900 m high Higher Bükk bore. This consists of sea sediments from the Paleozoic and Mesozoic, volcanic rocks like diabase and porphyry. Several caves can be found in the area; the city is known for lowest measured temperature in Hungary with −35 °C. Summers are sometimes warm and humid in Miskolc. Daytime temperatures of 20–30 °C or higher are commonplace. Snow and ice are dominant during the winter season. Miskolc receives about 120 centimetres of snowfall annually. Days below freezing and nights below −20 °C both occur in the winter; the area has been inhabited since ancient times – archaeological findings date back to the Paleolithic, proving human presence for over 70,000 years. Its first known dwellers were one of the Celt tribes; the area has been occupied by Hungarians since the "Conquest" in the late 9th century.
It was first mentioned by this name around 1210 AD. The Miskóc clan lost their power when King Charles I centralized his power by curbing the power of the oligarchs. Miskolc was elevated to the rank of oppidum in 1365 by King Louis I, he had the castle of the nearby town Diósgyőr transformed into a Gothic fortress. The city developed in a dynamic way, but during the Ottoman occupation of most of Hungary the development of Miskolc was brought to a standstill; the Turks burnt Miskolc in 1544 and the city had to pay heavy taxes until 1687. It was ruled by Ottomans after Battle of Mezőkeresztes in 1596 as part of Eyalet of Egir until 1687, it was during these years. By the end of the 17th century the population of the city was as large as that of Kassa, 13 guilds had been founded. During the war of independence against Habsburg rule in the early 18th century, Prince Francis II Rákóczi, the leader of the Hungarians put his headquarters in Miskolc; the imperial forces sacked and burnt the city in 1707.
Four years half of the population fell victim of a cholera epidemic. Miskolc recovered and another age of prosperity began again. In 1724, Miskolc was chosen to be the city. Many other significant buildings were built in the 18th and 19th centuries, including the city hall, schools such as Lévay József Református Gimnázium és Diákotthon, the synagogue, the theatre; the theatre is regarded as the first stone-built theatre of Hungary, although the first one was built in Kolozsvár. According to the first nationally held census the city had a population of 14,719, 2,414 houses; these years brought prosperity, but the cholera epidemic of 1873 and the flood of 1878 took many lives. Several buildings were destroyed by the flood, but bigger and grander buildings were built in their places. World War I did not affect the city directly, but many people died, either from warfare or from the cholera epidemic, it was occupied by Czechoslovak troops between 1919 after the First World War. After the Treaty of Trianon, Hungary lost Kassa and Miskolc became the sole regional center of northern Hungary.
This was one of the reasons for the enormous growth of the city during the 1940s. Early in World War II Hungary became an ally of Nazi Germany. Unhappy with the Hungarian government, the Germans troops occupied Hungary on March 19, 1944 and put the anti-semitic Arrow Cross Party in charge of the government. Jews in Miskolc and elsewhere were ordered to wear yellow stars on their clothing. Under the supervision of Nazi SS-Obersturmbannführer Adolf Eichmann, "deportations" from Miskolc began on June 11 or 12th, 1944. Over 14,000 Jewish adults and children were sent by cattle car to Auschwitz, where most were gassed on arrival. After the war
Konstantinos Economidis is a professional Greek tennis player and a former Greek No. 1. In 2007, he qualified for the French Open and defeated Australian Chris Guccione in the first round before losing to Tommy Robredo in the second round, he achieved his career-high singles ranking of world No. 112 in February 2007 and has won 5 Challenger titles. Despite playing few ATP Tour-level matches, Economidis has impressively managed to post a positive record in both singles and doubles. Konstantinos Economidis at the Association of Tennis Professionals Konstantinos Economidis at the International Tennis Federation Konstantinos Economidis at the Davis Cup Economidis World ranking history Greek Men Recent Match Results
Hódmezővásárhely is a city in south-east Hungary, on the Great Hungarian Plain, at the meeting point of the Békés-Csanádi Ridge and the clay grassland surrounding the river Tisza. The city's name – which translates to Marketplace on the Beavers' Field – was first mentioned after the unification of two Árpád-era villages, Hód and Vásárhely – the former getting its name after Beaver's lake, an apocope term of Hód-tó, the latter Vásárhely coming from the medieval legal term marking the settlements with the right of hosting markets meaning Market Town; the interim term mező, which refers to the city's state as an oppidum – a city with certain rights given by its feudal ruler – was added to the town and its name. There is evidence of human habitation close to the modern town dating back 6,000 years, archaeological evidence suggests that the area has been continuously inhabited since by a variety of different cultures. Neolithic dwellings recessed into the ground stored domestic items such as plates, as well as the Kökénydombi Vénusz fertility symbol.
Remains have been found from the Copper Age, Bronze Age, Iron Age and the great migrations period. The town's archaeological treasures can now be seen at the permanent archaeological exhibition of the Tornyai János Museum. At the end of the 8th century, the settling Hungarians found remnants of the nomadic population and of the agrarian and animal-breeding Slavs who were escaping from the Bulgarians. Before the Mongol invasion of Hungary, at least seven villages with churches existed in the area. After the devastation caused by the Mongols, more villages were established, but these became victims of the Turkish invasion; the territories of these villages were absorbed by Hódmezővásárhely as the town grew. Evidence of more than twenty villages and churches from the Middle Ages have been found; the present town of Hódmezővásárhely developed in the 15th century when Hód, Vásárhely, Tarján, Ábrány, once small villages, became joined and the market town was established. The town is known to have been called Hódvásárhely in 1437.
The town's location next to the road leading from Csongrád to Csanád was advantageous for the development of trade. In the Middle Ages markets, the trade in livestock, fuelled its growth. Hódmezővásárhely was part of Csongrád comitatus. Part of that county was under Turkish control after 1542; the region between the Tisza and the Danube belonged to the Ottoman Empire, while the area to the east of the Tisza, including Hódmezővásárhely, belonged to Transylvania. After the military expedition of 1552, the whole of Csongrád county was taken by the Turks; the entire area was devastated by the Turkish offensive in 1566. The region was occupied by the Turks for the next 150 years. At the time of the Rákóczi war of independence, the town was under the control of Count Miklós Bercsényi; the royal court gave it to imperial general Leopold Schlick. During the war of independence, Miklós Bercsényi seized the town back and gave it to the Kuruts general Sándor Károlyi for leasehold; the royal court in Vienna did not accept Károlyi's claim to the territory after the peace of Szatmár and he was only able to retrieve it by buying it back years later.
From 1722 to 1818, when landowner jurisdiction was abolished, the Károlyi family possessed the town. In the 1848–49 fights for freedom, Hódmezővásárhely played a significant part in national events. Lajos Kossuth reached the town on 3 October 1848 on his second recruiting trip. While there, he received the news that the Hungarian Army had been engaged in battle at Pákozd, patriotic fervour gripped the town. Troops from Hódmezővásárhely took part in beating off the southern Serbian attacks. After the control of the Theiss in the 1860s, the surrounding lakes and brooks dried up; the inner areas were progressively filled and the town’s population increased. Hódmezővásárhely seceded from the county in 1873 and received the independent municipals rights; the first signs of industrialisation were apparent from that time. In 1890 Hódmezővásárhely was the fourth largest Hungarian town with 55,475 inhabitants; the modern picture of the town was established at the turn of the century. These decades were characterised by the construction of wells, dynamic building operations, the construction of canals.
70 per cent of the population, was engaged in farming and animal breeding. A typical system of settlement was established with a huge system of detached farms. Animal breeding still dominated the livelihood of the inhabitants. Rural animal breeding was characterised by economic efficiency. Quality horse breeding, an export product and demanded by the needs of agriculture, was profitable. Poultry and egg production for the markets flourished. Animal breeding was replaced by extensive growing of corn, which became the basis of the town’s economy and employed large numbers of workers; the First World War hindered the development of its people suffered losses. The human costs of the war contributed to the social tension around this time which led to demonstrations in Vásárhely. In the first decade of the Horthy era, there was a good market for the town’s agricultural products. Although the war and the occupation debilitated the economy of the town, the possibilities for the sale of the high-quality corn increased.
Pork breeding grew. Dozens of medium-scale factories sprung up, but the great world economic crisis demolished this new-found prosperity. Unemployment increased, until a new economic boom in the late 1930s. The
Budapest is the capital and the most populous city of Hungary, the tenth-largest city in the European Union by population within city limits. The city had an estimated population of 1,752,704 in 2016 distributed over a land area of about 525 square kilometres. Budapest is both a city and county, forms the centre of the Budapest metropolitan area, which has an area of 7,626 square kilometres and a population of 3,303,786, comprising 33 percent of the population of Hungary; the history of Budapest began when an early Celtic settlement transformed into the Roman town of Aquincum, the capital of Lower Pannonia. The Hungarians arrived in the territory in the late 9th century; the area was pillaged by the Mongols in 1241. Buda, the settlements on the west bank of the river, became one of the centres of Renaissance humanist culture by the 15th century; the Battle of Mohács in 1526 was followed by nearly 150 years of Ottoman rule. After the reconquest of Buda in 1686, the region entered a new age of prosperity.
Pest-Buda became a global city with the unification of Buda, Óbuda, Pest on 17 November 1873, with the name'Budapest' given to the new capital. Budapest became the co-capital of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, a great power that dissolved in 1918, following World War I; the city was the focal point of the Hungarian Revolution of 1848, the Battle of Budapest in 1945, the Hungarian Revolution of 1956. Budapest is an Alpha − global city with strengths in commerce, media, fashion, technology and entertainment, it is Hungary's financial centre and the highest ranked Central and Eastern European city on Innovation Cities Top 100 index, as well ranked as the second fastest-developing urban economy in Europe. Budapest is the headquarters of the European Institute of Innovation and Technology, the European Police College and the first foreign office of the China Investment Promotion Agency. Over 40 colleges and universities are located in Budapest, including the Eötvös Loránd University, the Semmelweis University and the Budapest University of Technology and Economics.
Opened in 1896, the city's subway system, the Budapest Metro, serves 1.27 million, while the Budapest Tram Network serves 1.08 million passengers daily. Budapest is cited as one of the most beautiful cities in Europe, ranked as "the world's second best city" by Condé Nast Traveler, "Europe's 7th most idyllic place to live" by Forbes. Among Budapest's important museums and cultural institutions is the Museum of Fine Arts. Further famous cultural institutions are the Hungarian National Museum, House of Terror, Franz Liszt Academy of Music, Hungarian State Opera House and National Széchényi Library; the central area of the city along the Danube River is classified as a UNESCO World Heritage Site and has many notable monuments, including the Hungarian Parliament, Buda Castle, Fisherman's Bastion, Gresham Palace, Széchenyi Chain Bridge, Matthias Church and the Liberty Statue. Other famous landmarks include Andrássy Avenue, St. Stephen's Basilica, Heroes' Square, the Great Market Hall, the Nyugati Railway Station built by the Eiffel Company of Paris in 1877 and the second-oldest metro line in the world, the Millennium Underground Railway.
The city has around 80 geothermal springs, the largest thermal water cave system, second largest synagogue, third largest Parliament building in the world. Budapest attracts 4.4 million international tourists per year, making it a popular destination in Europe. The separate towns of Buda, Óbuda, Pest were in 1873 unified and given the new name Budapest. Before this, the towns together had sometimes been referred to colloquially as "Pest-Buda". Pest has been sometimes used colloquially as a shortened name for Budapest. All varieties of English pronounce the -s- as in the English word pest; the -u in Buda- is pronounced either /u/ like food or /ju/ like cue. In Hungarian, the -s- is pronounced /ʃ/ as in wash; the origins of the names "Buda" and "Pest" are obscure. The first name comes from: Buda was the name of the first constable of the fortress built on the Castle Hill in the 11th century or a derivative of Bod or Bud, a personal name of Turkic origin, meaning'twig'. or a Slavic personal name, the short form of Budimír, Budivoj.
Linguistically, however, a German origin through the Slavic derivative вода is not possible, there is no certainty that a Turkic word comes from the word buta ~ buda'branch, twig'. According to a legend recorded in chronicles from the Middle Ages, "Buda" comes from the name of its founder, brother of Hunnic ruler Attila. There are several theories about Pest. One states that the name derives from Roman times, since there was a local fortress called by Ptolemaios "Pession". Another has it that Pest originates in the Slavic word for пещера, or peštera. A third cites pešt, referencing a cave where fires burned or a limekiln; the first settlement on the territory of Budapest was built by Celts before 1 AD. It was occupied by the Romans; the Roman settlement – Aquincum – became the main city of Pannonia Inferior in 106 AD. At first it was a military settlement, the city rose around it, making it the focal point of the city's commercial life. Today this area corresponds to the Óbuda district within Budapest.
The Romans constructed roads, amphitheaters and houses with heated floors in this fortified military camp. The Roman city of Aquincum is the best-conserved of the Roman sites in Hungary; the archaeological site was turned into a museum with open-air sections. The Magyar tribes led by Árpád, forc
Martín Vassallo Argüello
Martín Miguel Vassallo Argüello is a retired professional male tennis player from Argentina. His career-high ATP singles ranking is World No. 47, achieved in April 2009 shortly after reaching the semifinals of Acapulco. He turned pro in 1999. Over the course of his career, he has represented both Italy. At the 2006 French Open, he reached the fourth round of a Grand Slam event for the first time in his career, he entered the tournament as a qualifier and beat Paul Goldstein of the United States in the first round in straight sets, No. 21 seed Sébastien Grosjean of France in the second round in five sets and Raemon Sluiter of the Netherlands in the third round in five sets. In the next round he lost to David Nalbandian. In late 2007, at the Orange Prokom Open in Sopot, Argüello was embroiled in a betting scandal after his match against world number four Nikolay Davydenko; the match saw Davydenko retire with the scores at 2–6, 6–3, 2–1. Gamblers betting on the match displayed irregular betting patterns and a total of £3.4m was paid out on it, ten times the normal amount for a match at this level.
Betfair voided all bets on the match. Neither Argüello nor Davydenko have been formally charged with any offence by the ATP. According to a BBC report, a follow-up investigation revealed that Argüello had exchanged messages with a Sicilian gambler in 2006, including on the morning of a tennis match which saw the gambler win $86,000. Deleted messages recovered from Argüello's phone included "He doesn't want to do it, he intends to win", followed by "All okay" just before the game. In 2009, Vassallo Argüello made his Davis Cup debut for Argentina in the 5-0 defeat against The Netherlands in Buenos Aires playing doubles with Lucas Arnold Ker and in the reverse singles. Martín Vassallo Argüello at the Association of Tennis Professionals Martín Vassallo Argüello at the International Tennis Federation Vassallo World ranking history
Laurent Amir Khlifa Khedider Haddad, better known as Amir Haddad, or as Amir, is a French-Israeli singer and songwriter. He took part in 2006 in the Israeli music competition Kokhav Nolad, released his album Vayehi in 2011 and was a finalist in French competition The Voice: la plus belle voix as part of Team Jenifer finishing third in the competition, he represented France in the Eurovision Song Contest 2016 with the song "J'ai cherché", which finished in 6th place. Haddad was born in France to Sephardic Jewish parents from Tunisia and Morocco, he grew up in Sarcelles and immigrated to Israel in 1992 at the age of 8 as part of Aliyah residing in Herzliya, north of Tel Aviv district. He sang as a young child in various social events. Amir only hears the left side, he came to fame in 2006 with his participation in the fourth season of the Israeli song competition Kokhav Nolad, the Israeli equivalent of the Pop Idol held May to September 2006. He was the first candidate to sing French language songs during the audition.
He advanced for 4 stages before being eliminated. The series was won by Jacko Eisenberg. Not winning in the season, he finished his obligatory military service in the Israeli Defence Forces and continued his studies in dentistry in Hebrew University of Jerusalem graduating in 2012, his song "Kache limtso milim", the Hebrew version of Patrick Bruel's French hit "J'te l'dis quand même", came alongside a music video. Bruel loved Amir's rendition so much he invited him to sing it with him in a grand event in Raanana Park on 23 May 2008 in front of 8000 spectators, he sang it yet again much in 2013, during the gala in tribute of Anaelle Ledoroth in Paris on 27 May 2013. In 2011, Amir Haddad released his debut studio album Vayehi co-written by himself and Omri Dagan during the years when Amir was a university student; the album included his popular version of "Kache limtso milim". He revived a 1990s hit "Désenchantée" by French artist Mylène Farmer. Haddad's version was produced by the famous Israeli producer Offer Nissim.
Meanwhile, he pursued his passion in music. At the end of the competition, Haddad was signed to a French label, creating a following in France, the United States and Brazil in addition to Israel, he cooperated with a number of artists, notably Shlomi Shabat, Haim Moshe, Dudu Aharon, Gad Elbaz and Eyal Golan. In 2014, he took part in season 3 of the French television series The Voice: la plus belle voix broadcast on TF1 from 11 January 2014 to 10 May 2014. In the blind auditions, Haddad sang "Candle in the Wind" from Elton John with all four coaches, Mika and Florent Pagny turning their chairs. Haddad chose to be part of Team Jenifer, he made it to the Final. Amir toured France with other The Voice finalists, he appeared in compilation album Forever Gentleman 2, in the concert by charity association Leurs voix pour l'espoir in Olympia, appeared in the #OBJETPUBLIC calendar of the magazine Public and many other appearances. He released a music video for "Candle in the Wind", a song he had interpreted during the blind auditions in The Voice.
He is preparing a first album in French. In 2015, he released the hit single "Oasis" under the mononym Amir charting in SNEP, the French Singles Chart. In 2016 he was selected by French public broadcaster France 2 to represent France in the Eurovision Song Contest 2016 in Stockholm, Sweden. Amir's song was chosen internally by France 2 by a committee headed by France 2 entertainment director Nathalie André and the newly appointed French Head of Delegation for the Eurovision Song Contest Edoardo Grassi after having received 280 submissions; the song titled "J'ai cherché" is co-written by Amir himself, Nazim Khaled and Johan Errami and contains lyrics in a bilingual mix of French and English. France 2 had planned to reveal the entry on 12 March 2016, information that Amir would represent France at the Eurovision Song Contest 2016 was leaked on 25 February 2016 during the D8 talk show programme Touche pas à mon poste!, hosted by Cyril Hanouna. "J'ai cherché" was edited and remixed by Skydancers and Nazim Khaled at the request of the French broadcaster since the song exceeded three minutes in its original version, released as the first single from Amir's forthcoming album.
The entry was formally presented to the public on 12 March 2016 during the France 2 programme The DiCaire Show, hosted by Véronic DiCaire. The song finished 6th overall in the grand final with 257 points, France's best placing since 2002 and the country's highest-scoring entry in their contest history, he released his second studio album Au cœur de moi on 29 April 2016, the album has peaked at number 6 on the French Albums Chart and has been certified double platinum, the album has charted in Belgium and Switzerland, earning a gold certification in Switzerland. "On dirait" was released as the third single from the album on 29 August 2016. The song has peaked at number 15 on the French Singles Chart and on June 17, 2017, won the Chanson de l'Année prize at the Fête de la Musique event in Nîmes. "Au cœur de moi" was released as the fourth single from the album on 6 February 2017. He joined Stéphane Bern and Marianne James as a commentator for France 2 at the grand final of the Eurovision Song Contest 2017 in Kyiv on May 13.
In 2017, Amir collaborated with OneRepublic on the French remix of their new single "No Vacancy". On 25 August 2017, he released "États d'Amour" as the lead single from his third studio album, which will be released on 27 October 2017. On 7 September 2017 he announced that his th
Amir-John Haddad is a German-Spanish flamenco guitarist and multi-instrumentalist, based in Spain since 1997. He was the official oud and guitar player for Radio Tarifa for ten years and in that role received a nomination for Best Folk Album at the Latin Grammy Awards of 2004. Haddad was born in Freiburg im Breisgau, West Germany in 1975, to a Colombian mother and a Palestinian father, he began learning the Arabic oud at home from his Palestinian father Rimon Haddad, at the age of 8 he took up flamenco guitar and gave his first public performance at the age of 12. In 1997, at the age of 22, he moved to Jerez de la Frontera, one of the cultural homes of flamenco, to further his skills among the masters there, moved to Madrid a year later. There he performs in clubs such as Las Carboneras, Café de Chinitas, Corral de la Pacheca and Casa Patas. Haddad has performed worldwide and has played at such venues as the Royal Festival Hall, the Barbican Centre and the Royal Albert Hall in London, the HotHouse jazz club in Chicago, the Town Hall in New York, Luna Park in Los Angeles, the Teatro Bellini in Palermo, the Palau de la música and Teatro Tivoli in Barcelona.
He was the official oud and guitar player for Radio Tarifa for ten years and whilst there received a nomination for Best Folk Album at the Latin Grammy Awards of 2004. Haddad has performed at numerous festivals including Festival de la Guitarra de Córdoba, MIDEA Festival Tenerife Canary Islands and the Murcia Tres Culturas Festival. In 1999 he won first prize for his original music composition at the Certamen Nacional de Coreografia para Danza Española y Flamenco. He's the guitarist for the World of Hans Zimmer band; as a flamenco player Haddad is noted for his rich chord voicings, with a clear Moorish and Arabic influence. He uses sophisticated jazz chords and innovative extended voicings for major and minor chords, creates a mysterious and atmospheric Moorish ambiance to his compositions through a lush tapestry of flat ninth, minor major seventh and augmented chords. Additionally he uses slash chords, gripping the bass string, his picados are heavily executed and crisp-sounding, his rasqueados are cascading and dynamic.
He is an adept player of rock music and metal electric guitar and embraces a wide range of styles. In March 2013 Haddad, in collaboration with Thomas Vogt and Héctor Tellini, released the album 9 Guitarras, featuring flamenco music with an Arabic and Oriental flavour; the album takes its title from the nine different flamenco guitar, one for each track, loaned to him by guitar reseller Mundo Flamenco. His best-known compositions, Suena el viento, Punta y tacón, Recuerdos and Dos Palomas Vuelan, all feature on the album. Official website Official website