The Sinestro Corps known as Yellow Lantern Corps, is a group of fictional characters, a villainous analog to the Green Lantern Corps in the DC Universe, derived from the emotional spectrum. It is led by the supervillain Thaal Sinestro; the Sinestro Corps first appears in Green Lantern vol. 4 #10 and was created by Geoff Johns and Ethan Van Sciver. The Parallax entity is a space parasite, the embodiment of fear, imprisoned within the Central Power Battery on Oa; as time passed, the entity became known as the yellow impurity, the cause for the power rings' weakness to the color yellow. Thaal Sinestro, at the time the universe's greatest Green Lantern, was sent to Earth by Supernova in a plot to erase Guy Gardner from history. Booster Gold was assigned to prevent this from happening. To do so, he convinced Sinestro to leave Earth, claiming that he was an admirer from the future, that his yellow Legion of Super-Heroes flight ring was a tribute to Sinestro; when asked what Corps he belongs to, Booster ad-libbed, "The...
Sinestro Corps", leading Sinestro to twirl his mustache in thought while mumbling, "Of course... Of course."After Sinestro went rogue, he was banished by the Guardians of the Universe to Qward in the antimatter universe. When he returned, he wielded a power ring. After various encounters with Earth's Green Lantern, Hal Jordan, he was imprisoned within the Central Power Battery. There he was able to use his ring, which uses fear, as opposed to willpower, as a power source, to awaken Parallax from hibernation. From there and Sinestro were able to influence the fall of Hal Jordan and instigate the fall of the Green Lantern Corps, leaving one last Green Lantern: Kyle Rayner. After the Green Lantern Corps was restarted with the return of Hal Jordan, the Sinestro Corps began recruiting members, offering yellow power rings and a role in the Corps to those who can "instill great fear". Members of the Corps are taken to Qward to "...be subjected to psychological and physical reconditioning". The members of the Sinestro Corps work like the Green Lantern Corps.
Qward has a huge yellow Central Battery on its surface like the one used on Oa. Although the Sinestro Corps uses fear, opposes the Green Lantern Corps and the Guardians, Sinestro has stated their goal is to bring order to the universe, which he claims the Guardians have failed to do. Arkillo, a large and muscular vicious alien, is enslaving all the Qwardian Weaponers and forcing them to continuously build new yellow rings which are programmed to breach the barrier between the antimatter and matter universes to find and recruit new ring-wielders. Arkillo serves as the Sinestro Corps' drill sergeant, similar to Kilowog's role in the GLC. Members recruited include Karu-Sil, raised by animals. During this time, the Sinestro Corps attempted to recruit Batman, known to some alien races for his formidable ability to instill fear in others. However, Batman's willpower combined with his previous brief exposure to a power ring allowed him to reject the yellow ring before it took him to be properly trained and molded into one of Sinestro's soldiers.
The yellow ring sought a replacement and selected Amon Sur, the disgruntled son of Abin Sur, on Earth attempting to steal Hal Jordan's ring. It was revealed that after untold millennia, the Weaponers of Qward, Ranx the Sentient City, the Children of the White Lobe, the Empire of Tears will rise united against the Green Lantern Corps; this was ignored up until upgraded Manhunters started to appear throughout the universe. Hal Jordan encountered one on Earth and, with Guy Gardner, followed their trail to Sector 3601. Hal and Guy found several Green Lanterns, all of whom were assumed to have been killed during the Emerald Twilight saga, the Manhunters' new grandmaster Hank Henshaw, the Cyborg Superman; the Manhunters were defeated and Henshaw's head was brought to Oa. The Book of Oa has a forbidden chapter on cosmic prophecies, which includes the following: After his interrogation, the Guardians learned that Henshaw is aware of the fifty-two parallel universes and that if New Earth was destroyed, the new Multiverse would collapse and the Antimatter universe would take its place.
Two of the Guardians and Sayd, warn the other Guardians not to ignore the prophecy because it could destroy the Green Lantern Corps. Following his defeat in Green Lantern: Rebirth, the events of Green Lantern: Sinestro Corps Special #1 Sinestro retreats to the planet Qward in the antimatter universe. There he amasses an army, the Sinestro Corps, that he selects based upon their ability to "inspire great fear"; each member is armed with a yellow power ring, mirroring the green ones of the Green Lantern Corps. Amongst Sinestro's allies are the resurrected Anti-Monitor; the Sinestro Corps launches an all-out assault against the Green Lantern Corps and the universe itself. During the assault on Oa, the Sinestro Corps manages to inflict heavy casualties and free Superman-Prime and the Cyborg Superman from their imprisonment. Kyle Rayner is captured and transported to Qward, where Sinestro manages to separate Rayner from the symbiote Ion allowing Parallax to possess him. Hal Jordan, John Stewart, Guy Gardner return to Earth to warn the Justice League of the Anti-Monitor's return.
As the Sinestro Corps spreads out to ambush Green Lanterns across the universe, Green Lantern vol. 4 #23 sees the Guardians deciding to rewrite their sacred text, the Book of Oa. They add 10 new laws, the first of which authorizes the use of lethal force against the Sinestro Corps; as the Green Lanterns gather on Oa in pre
Abin Sur is a fictional character and a superhero from the DC Comics universe. He was a member of the Green Lantern Corps and is best known as the predecessor of Green Lantern Hal Jordan, whom Abin Sur's power ring chose as his replacement. In the Post-Infinite Crisis continuity, Abin Sur was revealed to be a brother-in-law of Sinestro and uncle of his daughter Soranik Natu, he was modeled after Yul Brynner. Abin Sur first was created by John Broome and Gil Kane. A history professor on the planet Ungara, Abin Sur is appointed Green Lantern of Space Sector 2814 in the mid-1860s; as a child, he became best friends with Ruch Ehr and by association, Munni Jah. The two of them were a couple and Abin secretly loved Munni, but never spoke of this. Recruited by the Green Lantern known as Starkaor, he is known to have come to Earth on several occasions. In the American Old West, he teams up with an ancestor of Hal Jordan's to battle an alien named Traitor. Abin would wield Starkaor's ring after his mentor's death.
In 1873, while wounded, he recruits the lawman Daniel Young to be a temporary Green Lantern. During World War II, he encounters Starman and Bulletman when the three battle an alien being under the control of Mr. Mind. On a visit, his ring's power is neutralized by the foe he is tracking, he discovers the unconscious forms of Alan Scott and Jay Garrick, borrows Scott's different ring. He uses it against his adversary, taking advantage of the ring's effectiveness against the color yellow, he visits Earth at some point between the Golden and Silver Ages, when he encounters the Martian Manhunter. At one point, Abin Sur imprisons the evil wizard Myrhydden inside his own ring, depriving him of the voice needed to cast his spells, he is sent to retrieve Earth's most infamous gangster, Al Magone, whose evil had brought him to the notice of the Guardians. Abin Sur imprisoned Magone on a prison planet where time did not pass, an action that would have ripples throughout the Corps for decades to come. While on patrol, he is pursued by the being known as Legion while on its way to Oa.
Pre-Crisis his ship was hit by yellow sun radiation. Badly injured and with his spaceship damaged, he makes an emergency landing on the nearest habitable planet. Due to his injuries, Sur was aware that his death was inevitable and he uses his ring to search for a successor, a man without fear; the first possibility was Clark Kent. Since he was not native to Earth, he is not chosen; the next candidates were Guy Gardner. As Jordan was closer, the ring chose him as the most suitable replacement right before Sur's death, brings him to Sur, who gives him the ring. Pre-Crisis Hal first tested his ring by lifting a mountain hid the ship and Sur's remains under it, as Sur had told him to dispose of them, it is shown these were the Sierre Madre mountains. Hal had made sure to leave a small stone marker. For a brief time during Zero Hour, he was pulled into the present, where he assists the Darkstars in their battle against Entropy. A Darkstar from Abin's own time, one he is familiar with, supports them all.
Both are unexpectedly returned to their own era at the end of the battle. In the afterlife Sur is able to help Jordan again when Jordan enters the realm of the death lord, Nekron. Jordan is destroying it. Jordan manages to incite the spirits of the deceased members of the Corps to destroy the god long enough for the Guardians to drive Krona and his forces back and seal the portal. Before the sealing was complete, Sur helps his successor exit the realm while saying how proud he was of Jordan. Abin Sur sacrifices his soul to assist the Swamp Thing in rescuing his infant daughter Tefé Holland from the demon Nergal in Hell. Abin Sur's afterlife is further disrupted, he attempts to assist the Green Lantern Kyle Rayner in investigating the situation but is torn away against his will. It is revealed that part of his soul was still being tortured in Hell while his spirit was acting as a companion to Hal Jordan during his brief stint as the Spectre, he frees his soul from Hell and assisted Hal Jordan on several spiritual adventures and metaphysical dilemmas.
Abin Sur engaged in the Karamm-Jeev Descent, an Ungaran form of reincarnation, was reborn as Lagzia, daughter of Sur's old friends Ruch Ehr and Munni Jah. During some point in his life, Abin sires a son, Amon Sur, who grew up to become leader of the Black Circle crime syndicate. Amon is angry at his deceased father for abandoning him for the Corps, decides to take his anger out on all Green Lanterns. Amon is stopped by Hal Jordan's successor, Kyle Rayner and a second-generation Guardian of the Universe called Lianna. Amon has a confrontation with Hal Jordan himself, who had returned to his position as Green Lantern after being both resurrected and freed from the influence of Parallax. Hal defeats Amon. After Hal took Abin's body home and buried it, a mysterious yellow light appears in the sky after Hal left. During Sinestro Corps War, it is revealed that Abin discovered a prophecy concerning the Multiverse, The Powers of the Emotional Spectrum, The Blackest Night prior to his death. Green Lantern: Secret Origin, reveals details of Abin's quest to learn more about The Blackest Night as he interrogated The Five Inversions on Ysmault, who had foreseen the prophecy.
He learns that Earth is the birthplace of The Black: the antithesis of the emotional spectrum that the prophecy pr
Green Arrow is a fictional superhero who appears in comic books published by DC Comics. Created by Mort Weisinger and designed by George Papp, he first appeared in More Fun Comics #73 in November 1941, his real name is Oliver Jonas Queen, a wealthy businessman and owner of Queen Industries, a well-known celebrity in Star City. Sometimes shown dressed like the character Robin Hood, Green Arrow is an archer who uses his skills to fight crime in his home cities of Star City and Seattle, as well as alongside his fellow superheroes as a member of the Justice League. Though much less used in modern stories, he deploys a range of trick arrows with various special functions, such as glue, explosive-tipped, grappling hook, flash grenade, tear gas and kryptonite arrows for use in a range of special situations. At the time of his debut, Green Arrow functioned in many ways as an archery-themed analogue of the popular Batman character, but writers at DC subsequently developed him into a voice of left-wing politics much distinct in character from Batman.
Green Arrow enjoyed moderate success in his early years, becoming the cover feature of More Fun, as well as having occasional appearances in other comics. Throughout his first twenty-five years, the character never enjoyed greater popularity. In the late 1960s, writer Denny O'Neil, inspired by the character's dramatic visual redesign by Neal Adams, chose to have him lose his fortune, giving him the then-unique role of a streetwise crusader for the working class and the disadvantaged. In 1970, he was paired with a more law and order-oriented hero, Green Lantern, in a ground-breaking conscious comic book series. Since he has been popular among comic book fans and most writers have taken an urban, gritty approach to the character; the character was killed off in the 1990s and replaced by a new character, Oliver's son Connor Hawke. Connor, proved a less popular character, the original Oliver Queen character was resurrected in the 2001 "Quiver" storyline, by writer Kevin Smith. In the 2000s, the character has been featured in bigger storylines focusing on Green Arrow and Black Canary, such as the DC event The Green Arrow/Black Canary Wedding and the high-profile Justice League: Cry for Justice storyline, prior to the character's relaunch alongside most of DC's properties in 2011.
Green Arrow was not a well-known character outside of comic book fandom: he had appeared in a single episode of the animated series Super Friends in 1973. In the 2000s, the character appeared in a number of DC television properties, including the animated series Justice League Unlimited, Young Justice, The Batman and Batman: The Brave and the Bold, several DC Universe Animated Original Movies. In live action, he appeared in the series Smallville, played by actor Justin Hartley, became a core cast member. In 2012, the live action series Arrow debuted on The CW, in which the title character is portrayed by Stephen Amell, launching several spin-off series, becoming the starting point for a DC Comics shared television universe called the Arrowverse. Green Arrow and Speedy first appeared in More Fun Comics #73, illustrated by artist George Papp; when Mort Weisinger was creating the character, aside from the obvious allusions to Robin Hood, he took inspiration from a movie serial, The Green Archer, based on the novel by Edgar Wallace.
He retooled the concept into a superhero archer with obvious Batman influences. These include Green Arrow's sidekick Speedy, his use of an Arrowcar and Arrow-Plane for transportation, his use of an Arrow-Cave as his headquarters, his alter ego as a wealthy playboy, the use of an Arrow-Signal to summon him, as well as a clown-like arch foe named Bull's Eye, similar to Batman's arch-foe, the Joker, his and Speedy's first origin stories were told in More Fun Comics #89. Green Arrow ran as a back-up feature in More Fun Comics until the mid-1940s in Adventure Comics between 1946 and 1960. Green Arrow and Speedy appeared in various issues of World's Finest Comics until issue #140; the Green Arrow and Speedy feature was one of five back-up features to be promoted in one of the earliest team-up books, Leading Comics. He was one of the few DC characters to keep going after the Golden Age of Comic Books, his longevity was due to the influence of creator Mort Weisinger, who kept him as a back-up feature to the headlining Superboy, first in More Fun Comics and Adventure Comics.
As a result, he avoided being revived and "re-imagined" for the Silver Age, as the Flash, Green Lantern, others were. Aside from sharing Adventure Comics with him, issue #258 featured an encounter between a younger Oliver Queen and Superboy; the Green Arrow and Speedy feature during this period included a short run in 1958 written by Dick and Dave Wood and drawn by Jack Kirby. For much of this period, Green Arrow's adventures were written by France Herron, the character's primary scripter 1947–1963. In 1969, artist Neal Adams updated the character's visual appearance by giving him a Van Dyke beard and costume of his own design in The Brave and the Bold #85. Writer Dennis O'Neil followed up on Green Arrow's new appearance by remaking the character's attitude in Justice League of America #75, having Oliver Queen lose his fortune and become an outspoken advocate of the underprivileged and the political left wing; the story turned teammate Black Canary into a love interest for Queen. In the early 1970s, Green Arrow became a co-feature with Green Lantern in
Neal Adams is an American comic book and commercial artist known for helping to create some of the definitive modern imagery of the DC Comics characters Batman and Green Arrow. Adams was inducted into the Eisner Award's Will Eisner Comic Book Hall of Fame in 1998, the Harvey Awards' Jack Kirby Hall of Fame in 1999. Neal Adams was born June 1941 on Governors Island, New York City, he is Jewish. Adams attended the School of Industrial Art high school in Manhattan, graduating in 1959. After graduation in 1959, he unsuccessfully attempted to find freelance work at DC Comics, turned to Archie Comics, where he wanted to work on the publisher's fledgling superhero line, edited by Joe Simon. At the suggestion of staffers, Adams drew "three or four pages of the Fly", but did not receive encouragement from Simon. Sympathetic staffers nonetheless asked Adams to draw samples for the Archie teen-humor comics themselves. While he did so, Adams said in a 2000s interview, he unknowingly broke into comics: I started to do samples for Archie and I left my Fly samples there.
A couple weeks when I came in to show my Archie samples, I noticed that the pages were still there, but the bottom panel was cut off of one of my pages. I said,'What happened', they said,'One of the artists did this transition where Tommy Troy turns into the Fly and it's not good. You did this real nice piece so we'll use that, if it's OK.' I said,'That's great. That's terrific.' That panel ran in Adventures of the Fly #4. Afterward, Adams began writing, penciling and lettering humorous full-page and half-page gag fillers for Archie's Joke Book Magazine. In a 1976 interview, he recalled earning "$32.00 for a full page. That may not seem like a great deal of money, but at the time it meant a great deal to myself as well as my mothers... as we were not in a wealthy state. It was manna from heaven, so to speak." A recommendation led him to artist Howard Nostrand, beginning the Bat Masterson syndicated newspaper comic strip, he worked as Nostrand's assistant for three months drawing backgrounds at what Adams recalled as $9 a week and "a great experience".
Having "not left Archie Comics under the best of circumstances", Adams turned to commercial art for the advertising industry. After a rocky start freelancing, he began landing regular work at the Johnstone and Cushing agency, which specialized in comic-book styled advertising. Helped by artist Elmer Wexler, who critiqued the young Adams' samples, Adams brought his portfolio to the agency, which "didn't believe I had done those particular samples since they looked so much like Elmer Wexler's work, but they gave me a chance and... I stayed there for about a year". In 1962, Adams began his comics career in earnest at the Newspaper Enterprise Association syndicate. From a recommendation, writer Jerry Caplin, a.k.a. Jerry Capp, brother of Li'l Abner creator Al Capp, invited Adams to draw samples for Capp's proposed Ben Casey comic strip, based on the popular television medical-drama series. On the strength of his samples and of his "Chip Martin, College Reporter" AT&T advertising comic-strip pages in Boys' Life magazine, of his similar Goodyear Tire ads, Adams landed the assignment.
The first daily strip, which carried Adams' signature, appeared November 26, 1962. Adams continued to do Johnston & Cushing assignments during Ben Casey's 3 1/2-year run. Comics historian Maurice Horn said the strip "did not shrink from tackling controversial problems, such as heroin addiction, illegitimate pregnancy, attempted suicide; these were treated in soap opera fashion... but there was a touch of toughness to the proceedings, well rendered by Adams in a forceful, direct style that exuded realism and tension and accorded well with the overall tone of the strip". In addition to Capp, Jerry Brondfield wrote for the strip, with Adams stepping in occasionally; the ABC series, which ran five seasons, ended March 21, 1966, with the final comic strip appearing Sunday, July 31, 1966. Despite the end of the series, Adams has said the strip, which he claimed at different points to have appeared in 365 newspapers, 265 newspapers, 165 newspapers, ended "for no other reason that it was an unhappy situation": We ended the strip under mutual agreement.
I wasn't happy working on the strip nor was I happy giving up a third of the money to Bing Crosby Productions. The strip I should have been making twelve hundred a week from was making me three hundred to three-fifty a week. On top of that, I was not able to express myself artistically, but we left under fine conditions. I was offered a deal in which I would be paid so much a month if I would agree not to do any syndicated strip for anyone else, in order that I might save myself for anything they have for me to do. Adams' goal at this point was to be a commercial illustrator. While drawing Ben Casey, he had continued to do storyboards and other work for ad agencies, said in 1976 that after leaving the strip he had shopped around a portfolio for agencies and for men's magazines, "but my material was a little too realistic and not right for most. I left my portfolio in an advertising agency promising. In the meantime I needed to make some money... and I thought,'Why don't I do some comics?'" In a 2000s interview, he remembered the events differently, saying "I took to various advertising people.
I left it at one place
Green Lantern (film)
Green Lantern is a 2011 American superhero film based on the DC Comics character of the same name. The film stars Ryan Reynolds, Blake Lively, Peter Sarsgaard, Mark Strong, Angela Bassett and Tim Robbins, with Martin Campbell directing a script by Greg Berlanti and comic book writers Michael Green and Marc Guggenheim, subsequently rewritten by Michael Goldenberg; the film tells the story of Hal Jordan, a test pilot, selected to become the first human member of the Green Lantern Corps. Hal is given a ring that grants him superpowers, must confront Parallax, who threatens to upset the balance of power in the universe; the film first entered development in 1997. Martin Campbell was brought on board in February 2009 after Berlanti was forced to vacate the director's position. Most of the live-action actors were cast between July 2009 and February 2010, filming took place from March to August 2010 in Louisiana; the film was converted to 3D during its post-production stage. Green Lantern was released on June 17, 2011, received negative reviews.
Reynolds would voice his dissatisfaction with the film. The film underperformed at the box office, grossing $219 million against a production budget of $200 million. Due to the film's negative reception and disappointing box office performance, Warner Bros. canceled any plans for a sequel, instead opting to reboot the character in the DC Extended Universe line with the film Green Lantern Corps. Billions of years ago, beings called the Guardians of the Universe use the green essence of willpower to create an intergalactic police force called the Green Lantern Corps, they divide the universe with one Green Lantern per sector. One such Green Lantern, Abin Sur of Sector 2814, defeats the malevolent being Parallax and imprisons him in the Lost Sector on the desolate planet Ryut. In the present day, Parallax escapes from his prison after becoming strengthened by an encounter with crash survivors who had accidentally fallen into the dugout where Parallax was imprisoned on the abandoned planet. Parallax feeds on their fear to gain strength before pursuing and nearly killing Abin Sur, who escapes and crash-lands on Earth where he commands his power ring to find a worthy successor.
Hal Jordan, a cocky test pilot working at Ferris Aircraft, is chosen by the ring and transported to the crash site, where the dying Abin Sur appoints him a Green Lantern, telling him to take the lantern and speak the oath. Jordan says the oath and is whisked away to the Green Lantern Corps home planet of Oa, where he meets and trains with veteran Corps members Tomar-Re, Corps leader Sinestro, who believes he is unfit and fearful. Jordan, disheartened by his extreme training sessions and Sinestro's doubts and returns to Earth, keeping the power ring and lantern. Scientist Hector Hammond is summoned by his father, Senator Robert Hammond, to a secret government facility to perform an autopsy on Abin Sur's body under the watchful eye of Amanda Waller. A piece of Parallax inside the corpse enters Hammond, giving him telepathic and telekinetic powers at the cost of his sanity. After discovering that he was chosen for the secret work only due to his father's influence and not for his own abilities, Hammond attempts to kill his father by telekinetically sabotaging his helicopter at a massive party.
Jordan saves the party guests, including his childhood sweetheart Carol Ferris. At the government facility, Hammond uses telekenisis to kill his father by burning him alive. Hammond elevates Waller high above the floor; as she's falling, Jordan arrives and saves the injured Waller by creating a pool of water which whisks her away out of further danger. During the encounter Jordan learns of Parallax coming to Earth. On Oa, the Guardians tell Sinestro that Parallax was one of their own until he desired to control the yellow essence of fear, only to become corrupted. Arguing that the way to fight fear is with fear itself, Sinestro requests that the Guardians forge a ring of the same yellow power, preparing to concede Earth's destruction to Parallax in order to protect Oa. Jordan appears and tries to convince the Guardians that fear will turn the users evil if its power is used, but they reject his pleas, he returns to Earth to try to defeat Parallax on his own. Jordan saves Ferris from Hammond after a brief showdown.
Parallax arrives, consumes Hammond's entire life force, wreaks havoc on Coast City. After a fierce battle, Jordan lures Parallax away toward the sun. Parallax is inadvertently caught in the sun's gravitational pull and is destroyed, while Jordan escapes. Jordan loses consciousness after the battle and falls toward the sun, but is saved by Sinestro and Tomar-Re; the entire Green Lantern Corps congratulates Jordan for his bravery. Sinestro tells Jordan. In a mid-credits scene, Sinestro takes the yellow ring and places it on his finger causing his green suit and eyes to turn yellow. Ryan Reynolds as Harold "Hal" Jordan / Green Lantern:A test pilot for the Ferris Aircraft Company whose will to act qualifies him to become the first earthman inducted into an intergalactic peacekeeping force fueled by green energy of will. Reynolds said, "I've known about'Green Lantern' my whole life, but I've never followed it before. I fell in love with the character when I met with Martin Campbell". Reynolds called the film "an origin story to a certain degree, but it's not a labored origin story, where the movie b
Scarecrow (DC Comics)
The Scarecrow is a fictional supervillain appearing in comic books published by DC Comics, created by Bill Finger, Bob Kane, Jerry Robinson. The character first appeared in World's Finest Comics #3; the self-proclaimed "Master of Fear" is depicted as an obsessive ex-professor of psychology in Gotham City who uses a variety of experimental drugs and toxins to exploit the fears and phobias of his victims. He is one of the most enduring enemies of superhero Batman and belongs to the collective of adversaries that make up the Dark Knight's rogues gallery. In 2009, the Scarecrow was ranked as IGN's 58th Greatest Comic Book Villain of All Time, he has been adapted from the comics into various forms of media, including feature films, television series, video games. He has been voiced by Henry Polic II and Jeffrey Combs in the DC animated universe, by Dino Andrade and John Noble in the Batman: Arkham video game series, by Robert Englund in Injustice 2, he has been portrayed in live-action by Coolio in Batman & Robin, Cillian Murphy in The Dark Knight Trilogy, both Charlie Tahan and David W. Thompson in the FOX television show Gotham.
Bill Finger, Bob Kane and Jerry Robinson introduced Scarecrow in the fall of 1941 for World's Finest Comics #3, during the Golden Age of Comic Books, in which he only made two appearances. The character was revived during the Silver Age of Comic Books by writer Gardner Fox and artist Sheldon Moldoff in the pages of Batman #189, still maintaining his origin story from the Golden Age, it was in Batman #189 that the Scarecrow's fear gas debuted. Following the 1986 multi-title event Crisis on Infinite Earths reboot, the character's origin story is expanded in Batman Annual #19 and the miniseries Batman/Scarecrow: Year One, with this narrative revealing that Crane has a fear of bats. In 2011, as a result of The New 52 reboot, Scarecrow's origin is altered, incorporating several elements that differ from its original. During his childhood and adolescence, Jonathan Crane is obsessed with fear and revenge due to constant bullying because of his resemblance to Ichabod Crane from The Legend of Sleepy Hollow.
He is humiliated by school bully Bo Griggs and rejected by cheerleader Sherry Squires, so he takes revenge during the senior prom by donning his trademark scarecrow costume and brandishing a gun in the school parking lot. Crane's obsession with fear leads him to become a psychologist, taking a position at Arkham Asylum and performing fear-inducing experiments on his patients, he is a professor of psychology at Gotham University, specializing in the study of phobias. He loses his job; as a college professor, Crane mentored a young Thomas Elliot. The character has a cameo in Sandman #5, seeming uncharacteristically friendly. In stories by Jeph Loeb and Tim Sale, the Scarecrow is depicted as one of the more deranged criminals in Batman's rogues gallery, with a habit of speaking in nursery rhymes; these stories further revise his history, explaining that he was raised by his fanatically religious and abusive grandmother, whom he murdered as a teenager. Scarecrow plays a prominent role in Doug Moench's "Terror" storyline, set in Batman's early years, where Scarecrow is broken out of prison by the mysteriously returned Professor Hugo Strange, who selects Scarecrow as an ally to help him capture Batman.
Scarecrow turns on Strange when Strange's therapy proves effective enough to turn the Scarecrow against his'benefactor', impaling him on a weather vane and throwing him in the cellar of his own mansion. The Scarecrow uses Strange's mansion as a trap for Batman, but it is less effective than Strange's plan of attack due to Scarecrow lacking knowledge of Batman's identity. With the help of Catwoman—whom Scarecrow had attempted to blackmail into helping him by capturing her and photographing her unmasked face—Batman catches Scarecrow, but loses sight of Strange, with it being unclear whether Strange had survived the fall onto the weather vane—he claimed that he lured rats to himself by using his sweat so that he could eat them—or if Scarecrow and Batman were hallucinating from exposure to Scarecrow's fear toxin, although Batman concludes that the subsequent explosion of the house has killed Strange. Scarecrow appears in Batman: The Long Halloween, first seen escaping from Arkham on Mother's Day with help from Carmine Falcone, who helps the Mad Hatter to breakout.
The Scarecrow gases Batman with fear toxin as he escapes, causing Batman to flee to his parents' grave as Bruce Wayne, where he is arrested by Commissioner Jim Gordon due to Wayne's suspected ties to Falcone. Scarecrow robs a bank with the Mad Hatter on Independence Day for Falcone, but is stopped by Batman and Catwoman, he appears in Falcone's office on Halloween with Batman's future rogue's gallery, but is defeated by Batman. Scarecrow returns in Batman: Dark Victory as part of Two-Face's gang, is first seen putting fear gas in children's dolls on Christmas Eve, he is defeated by Batman. He appears as one of the villains present at Calendar Man's trial, it is revealed he and Calendar Man had been manipulating Falcone's son Alberto.