Armando Christian Pérez, known by the stage name Pitbull, is an American rapper. His first recorded mainstream performance was on a solo track from Lil Jon's 2002 album Kings of Crunk. In 2004, Pitbull released his debut album M. I. A. M. I. Under TVT Records, it included production producers Jim Jonsin. Pitbull released his second album El Mariel, in 2006 and his third, The Boatlift, in 2007, his fourth album, included his breakthrough hit single "I Know You Want Me", which peaked at number two on the US Billboard Hot 100. After rebranding himself as a pop artist, Pitbull's next album, Planet Pit, featured his first US number one single "Give Me Everything", his 2013 track "Timber", topped the charts in twenty nations, including the US and UK. He performed the song "We Are One" along with Jennifer Lopez and Claudia Leitte, which served as the official theme of the 2014 FIFA World Cup. Armando Christian Perez was born on January 1981 to Cuban expatriates in Miami, Florida; when he was 3, he could recite the works of poet, José Martí, in Spanish.
Growing up, he was influenced by the Miami bass genre of pop music and has cited Celia Cruz and Willy Chirino as sources of inspiration for his music. Pérez's parents separated when he was young, he was raised by his mother, he attended South Miami Senior High School before graduating from Miami Coral Park High School, where he focused his career on rapping. He said; the dog is too stupid to lose. And they're outlawed in Dade County. They're everything that I am. It's been a constant fight". After meeting Lil Jon in Miami, Pitbull was featured on Lil Jon and the East Side Boyz' album Kings of Crunk in 2002. Pitbull's song "Oye" was featured on the soundtrack to the film 2 Fast 2 Furious the following year. In addition, Pitbull released several mixtapes, composed of freestyles and remixes of popular rap music. Pitbull worked with Uncle Luke during his early career, being featured on Luke's 2001 album Somethin' Nasty, including the single "Lollipop" along with Lil' Zane. In 2001, Pitbull was signed to Luther Campbell's Luke Records by Jullian Boothe the label's vice-president of A&R.
In 2001, Pitbull was introduced to Robert Fernandez of Famous Artist Music & Management, an independent label and management company specializing in developing artists, by the Diaz Brothers, a producer duo signed to the company. Fernandez "saw the eagerness and hunger he had" and, with the Luke Records deal ending, began working to develop Pitbull. Together they focused on creating a more radio-friendly sound. Fernandez told HitQuarters: "At that time his music had a lot of verses and took a long time to get into the hook, so we took time in getting the songs catchier and less on the rap side."Fernandez introduced Pitbull to Lil Jon, hoping to secure the rapper a small guest intro spot on Lil Jon's upcoming album Kings of Crunk. According to Fernandez, Jon offered him a track on the album; this track helped raise the young rapper's profile. In 2004, Pitbull released his debut album M. I. A. M. I. With the lead single being "Culo" produced by the Diaz Brothers, it peaked at No. 32 on No. 11 on the Hot Rap Tracks chart.
Other singles included "Dammit Man", "Back Up", "Toma", "That's Nasty". He joined the 2000 hip-hop concert tour headlined by Eminem and 50 Cent. Pitbull appeared on the Ying Yang Twins' single "Shake", which peaked at No.41 on the Hot 100 and No.12 on the rap chart, Adassa's chart topping single "Kamasutra" & Twista's "Hit the Floor". Remix album Money Is Still a Major Issue was released in November 2005. TVT Records, Pitbull's label at the time, Slip-n-Slide Records disputed over the release of Welcome to the 305, an unreleased album by Slip-n-Slide that Pitbull had recorded in 2001. A Miami judge ruled that Slip-n-Slide had a legal right to release the album as it was recorded when Pitbull was a Slip-N-Slide artist, prior to him signing with TVT Records. A U. S. District Court judge affirmed the decision further. TVT was ordered in March 2007 to pay Slip-n-Slide $9.1 million for attempting to block the album's release to record stores and digital download entities. In 2005 Pitbull and rapper Sean'Diddy' Combs co-founded Bad Boy Latino, a subsidiary of Combs' Bad Boy Records label.
It focuses on Latin hip hop, Latin soul, Latin pop and other tropical music and has offices in New York and Miami, Florida. Along with co-founding it, Pérez heads the A&R division of the label. In January 2006, Pitbull guest-starred in UPN's South Beach. Pitbull recorded "Nuestro Himno" in collaboration with Wyclef Jean, Carlos Ponce, Olga Tañón. On Listennn... the Album, the debut album by Terror Squad member and Miami radio personality DJ Khaled, Pitbull performed on three singles: "Holla at Me" and "Born-N-Raised" alongside other Southern-based rappers. He dedicated the album to his father. Along with the usual party-oriented tracks, Pitbull included politically themed tracks in El Mariel; the album was released on October 31, 2006, included singles "Bojangles", "Ay Chico", "Fuego", duet with Puerto Rican singer Ken-Y, "Dime". El Mariel topped the Billboard independent albums chart and peaked at No. 17 on the Billboard 200 and No. 2 on the rap chart. Pitbull's third album, titled The Boatlift, was
A Grammy Award, or Grammy, is an award presented by The Recording Academy to recognize achievements in the music industry. The annual presentation ceremony features performances by prominent artists, the presentation of those awards that have a more popular interest; the Grammys are the second of the Big Three major music awards held annually. It shares recognition of the music industry as that of the other performance awards such as the Academy Awards, the Emmy Awards, the Tony Awards, the Game Awards; the first Grammy Awards ceremony was held on May 4, 1959, to honor and respect the musical accomplishments by performers for the year 1958. Following the 2011 ceremony, the Academy overhauled many Grammy Award categories for 2012; the 61st Annual Grammy Awards, honoring the best achievements from October 1, 2017 to September 30, 2018, were held on February 10, 2019, at the Staples Center in Los Angeles. The Grammys had their origin in the Hollywood Walk of Fame project in the 1950s; as the recording executives chosen for the Walk of Fame committee worked at compiling a list of important recording industry people who might qualify for a Walk of Fame star, they realized there were many more people who were leaders in their business who would never earn a star on Hollywood Boulevard.
The music executives decided to rectify this by creating an award given by their industry similar to the Oscars and the Emmys. This was the beginning of the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences. After it was decided to create such an award, there was still a question of, they settled on using the name of the invention of Emile Berliner, the gramophone, for the awards, which were first given for the year 1958. The first award ceremony was held in two locations on May 4, 1959 - Beverly Hilton Hotel in Beverly Hills California, Park Sheraton Hotel in New York City, 28 Grammys were awarded; the number of awards given grew and fluctuated over the years with categories added and removed, at one time reaching over 100. The second Grammy Awards held in 1959, was the first ceremony to be televised, but the ceremony was not aired live until the 13th Annual Grammy Awards in 1971; the gold-plated trophies, each depicting a gilded gramophone, are made and assembled by hand by Billings Artworks in Ridgway, Colorado.
In 1990 the original Grammy design was revamped, changing the traditional soft lead for a stronger alloy less prone to damage, making the trophy bigger and grander. Billings developed a zinc alloy named grammium, trademarked; the trophies with the recipient's name engraved on them are not available until after the award announcements, so "stunt" trophies are re-used each year for the broadcast. By February 2009, a total of 7,578 Grammy trophies had been awarded; the "General Field" are four awards. Record of the Year is awarded to the performer and the production team of a single song if other than the performer. Album of the Year is awarded to the performer and the production team of a full album if other than the performer. Song of the Year is awarded to the writer/composer of a single song. Best New Artist is awarded to a promising breakthrough performer who releases, during the Eligibility Year, the first recording that establishes the public identity of that artist; the only two artists to win all four of these awards are Christopher Cross, who won all four in 1980, Adele, who won the Best New Artist award in 2009 and the other three in 2012 and 2017.
Other awards are given for performance and production in specific genres, as well as for other contributions such as artwork and video. Special awards are given for longer-lasting contributions to the music industry; because of the large number of award categories, the desire to feature several performances by various artists, only the ones with the most popular interest - about 10 to 12, including the four General Field categories and one or two categories in the most popular music genres - are presented directly at the televised award ceremony. The many other Grammy trophies are presented in a pre-telecast'Premiere Ceremony' earlier in the afternoon before the Grammy Awards telecast. On April 6, 2011, The Recording Academy announced a drastic overhaul of many Grammy Award categories for 2012; the number of categories was cut from 109 to 78. The most important change was the elimination of the distinction between male and female soloists and between collaborations and duo/groups in various genre fields.
Several categories for instrumental soloists were discontinued. Recordings in these categories now fall under the general categories for best solo performances. In the rock field, the separate categories for hard rock and metal albums were combined and the Best Rock Instrumental Performance category was eliminated due to a waning number of entries. In R&B, the distinction between best contemporary R&B album and other R&B albums has been eliminated, they now feature in general Best R&B Album category. In rap, the categories for best rap soloist and best rap duo or group have been merged into the new Best Rap Performance category; the most eliminations occurred in the roots category. Up to and including 2011, there were separate categories for various regional American music forms, such as Hawaiian music, Native American music and Zydeco/Cajun music. Due to the low number
Professional audio, abbreviated as pro audio, refers to both an activity and a category of high quality, studio-grade audio equipment. It encompasses sound recording, sound reinforcement system setup and audio mixing, studio music production by trained sound engineers, audio engineers, record producers, audio technicians who work in live event support and recording using audio mixers, recording equipment and sound reinforcement systems. In contrast, consumer audio equipment is a lower grade of gear, used by regular people for the reproduction of sound in a private home on a home stereo or home cinema system. Professional audio can include, but is not limited to broadcast radio, audio mastering in a recording studio, television studio, sound reinforcement such as a live concert, DJ performances, audio sampling, public address system set up, surround sound design in movie theatres, design and setup of piped music in hotels and restaurants. Professional audio equipment is sold at music stores.
While consumer electronics stores sell some of the same categories of equipment, the equipment that consumer stores sells is a lower consumer-grade type of equipment, which does not meet the standards for low noise and low distortion that are required in pro audio applications. The term professional audio has no precise definition, but it includes: Operations carried out by trained audio engineers The capturing of sound with one or more microphones Balancing and adjusting sound signals from multitrack recording devices using a mixing console The control of audio levels using standardised types of metering Sound signals passing through lengthy signal chains involving processes at different times and places, involving a variety of skills Compliance with organisational and international practices and standards established by such bodies as the International Telecommunication Union, Audio Engineering Society and European Broadcasting Union Setting up or designing sound reinforcement systems or recording studios.
Compared to consumer-grade audio equipment, professional audio equipment tends to have such characteristics as: Greater mechanical robustness and reliability Many more options for "tweakability" and modification than typical consumer grade equipment. For example, whereas a typical home audio grade active subwoofer may have a factory set-audio crossover to determine at which point the audio signal will be routed to the subwoofer and a factory preset phase control and equalizer setting, pro audio active subwoofers may offer adjustable crossover points, user-selectable phase control and equalizer controls Heavy-duty industrial-grade connectors, e.g. XLR balanced audio cables rather than unbalanced cables and Speakon speaker connectors, rather than 1/4" speaker jacks Designed for touring and transportation; this includes the use of 19-inch rack-mount devices for electronic effects units and power amplifiers, the provision of handles and/or dolly wheels on heavy equipment to facilitate moving gear onstage Balanced audio interfaces for lower noise and hum Higher analog audio signal levels of 0 dBu or more AES/EBU digital audio interfaces Lower-noise audio equipment with less Total Harmonic DistortionThe broadcast quality of professional audio equipment is on a par with that of consumer high-end audio and hi-fi equipment, but is more to be designed purely on sound engineering principles and owes little to the consumer-oriented audiophile sub-culture.
A professional audio store is a retail establishment that sells, in many cases rents, high-end sound recording equipment and sound reinforcement system gear and accessories used in both settings, such as microphone stands. Some pro audio stores sell video equipment, such as video projectors, as this equipment is used in live audio settings; some pro audio stores sell and/or rent DJ gear and the stage lighting equipment used in rock concerts, dance clubs and theater/musical theater shows. Institute of Professional Sound Sound design
Anthony Moses Davis, better known by his stage name Beenie Man, is a Jamaican reggae and dancehall singer. He is referred to as the world's "King of Dancehall". Davis was born in the Waterhouse district of Kingston in 1973, he was involved in the music industry from a young age, starting toasting at the age of five, was encouraged by his uncle Sydney Knowles, who played drums for Jimmy Cliff. He won the Tastee Talent contest in 1981, Radio DJ Barry G introduced him to local sound system operators, who helped to establish the popularity of the young deejay, who became known as Beenie Man, he recorded his debut single, "Too Fancy", with record producer Henry "Junjo" Lawes in 1981, with Lawes including him on the 1983 album Junjo Presents Two Big Sounds alongside established stars such as Dillinger and Ringo. His debut album, The Invincible Beenie Man: The Ten Year Old DJ Wonder was produced by Bunny Lee and released in 1983, his first hit single following the same year with the Winston Holness-produced "Over the Sea".
In 1984 Beenie Man recorded some material with Barrington Levy, but his music career was put on hold while he finished school, spent time travelling to the United Kingdom, United States, Canada. Beenie Man continued performing and honed his craft beside the dominant dancehall figures including Ninjaman, Admiral Bailey and Shabba Ranks, he found his artistic home at the Shocking Vibes studio where he continued to record singles with only moderate success in the early 1990s. His career gained momentum after a performance at the Reggae Sunsplash festival in 1992, a rivalry with Bounty Killer began the following year after Beenie Man was accused of stealing Bounty Killer's style and catch phrases; the rivalry was captured on the 1994 album Guns Out, with the two artists settling the feud with a soundclash. Beenie Man had his first number one single in Jamaica in 1993 with "Matie" and he won the DJ of the Year Award the same year, the first of eight consecutive awards; as a result of prodding from his producers and Robbie, with whom he recorded cover versions of Bob Marley's "Crazy Baldhead" and "No Woman No Cry" in 1994, the latter a Jamaican chart-topper, Beenie Man converted to the Rastafari movement, as did several of his contemporaries at the time, although in 2005 he stated "I have not converted.
I was baptised an Ethiopian Orthodox and at the age of 10 I became a Judah Coptic." In 1994, he was signed by Island Records and released the critically acclaimed album Blessed, which established his reputation internationally. In 1995 he toured the UK and joined up again with Barrington Levy to record an updated jungle version of Levy's "Under Mi Sensi". In 1995, Beenie Man collaborated with Dennis Brown and Triston Palma to release Three Against War and Mad Cobra and Lieutenant Stitchie on Mad Cobra Meets Lt. Stitchie & Beenie Man, he collaborated with Lady Saw on "Healing", Sanchez on "Refugee", Michael Prophet on "Gun'n' Bass", further establishing his reputation. He took another step up the ladder in 1996, releasing the seminal Maestro, produced by Patrick Roberts and shot him to UK fame. During the period from the mid to late 1990s, Beenie Man dominated the Jamaican charts to the extent that he had a good claim to the crown of "Dancehall King", a title only bestowed on Yellowman in the early 1980s.
Beenie Man's first real break into the United States came in 1997. He heard an instrumental rhythm by an unknown producer named Jeremy Harding, demanded to add his voice to the rhythm. So this was the birth of his first international hit, it opened the doors for the world to see a new reggae star in the pages of Newsweek and other major media outlets. The same year, Beenie Man topped the Jamaican singles chart with seven different singles. Beenie Man appeared as himself in the 1997 film Dancehall Queen. In 1998, Beenie Man headlined Reggae Sunsplash and signed to Virgin Records to release albums in the United States, his first American offering was The Doctor. During the late 1990s, Beenie Man began his conquest of America with the hits, "Romie", "Who Am I", "Girls Dem Sugar", which featured American R&B singer, Mýa. During this time he received an impressive number of international music awards including a MOBO Award for Best International Reggae Act in 1998, while remaining at the top of the local charts.
In 2000, Beenie Man released Art & Life, which featured Arturo Sandoval and Wyclef Jean, for which received a Grammy Award for Best Reggae Album. In the same year he co-produced the debut album by actor Steven Seagal. Beenie Man, like many dancehall artists, is outspoken on a number of social issues, as exemplified by songs such as "Steve Biko" and "Murderer". In 2002, he had a sizeable hit with a duet with Janet Jackson called "Feel It Boy", but his biggest break in America came in early 2004 with the release of a remix of "Dude", featuring guest vocals by fellow Jamaican Ms. Thing as well as rhymes by Shawnna, he thus cemented his fan base on both sides of the Atlantic. He had hits in the UK in 1998 with "Who am I", in 2003 with "Street Life" and "Feel It Boy", a duet with Janet Jackson, in 2004 with "Dude" and "King of the Dancehall", he was a judge for the 6th annual Independent Music Awards to support independent artists' careers. In April 2008 it was announced that Beenie Man was to star in the film Kingston.
In October 2010 Beenie Man came out with the EP I'm Drinking Rum and Red Bull, which included four songs, "Im drinking Rum and Red Bull", "I'm Okay", two versions of "Stack and Pile". He re
Luis Días (composer)
Luis Díaz Portorreal, best known as Luis Días, was a musician and performer of popular music born in the Dominican Republic. He was immersed in customs of Dominican folklore. In the artistic realms he is known as "El Terror", due to his particular performance style and his overtones, he was the author of lyrics and music. In some circles, Luis was considered to be the Father of Dominican Rock, due to his contributions to alternative music and his experimentation with Dominican rhythms blended with rock guitar patterns. In his fusions, Luis accomplished fusions of rock, reggae and blues with more than 40 ethnic rhythms from the Dominican Republic and Haiti, such as Merengue and Mangulina, among many others; the composer and singer named Luis Díaz Portorreal was born in Bonao, Dominican Republic, on June 21, 1952. Since childhood, he felt a direct impulse to become a musician, given that his father was a Tres player, his mother was a singer of Salves. Lively melodies and rhythms, along with the artistic environment that contained them, were natural surroundings in his life.
He covered his first musical lessons in his own hometown, with the musicians Juan Zorrilla and Tatán Jiménez, at his 16 years of age he formed his first music band, "Los Chonnys". In 1970 he changed his residence to Santo Domingo with a main objective of studying Psychology at the Universidad Autónoma de Santo Domingo, he died in Santo Domingo on December 8, 2009, after suffering a heart attack and other complications therein. His funeral procession was one of the longest in recent Dominican history, parading through the barrios of Santo Domingo. In 1972, upon the initiative of the sociologist Dagoberto Tejada, he began as a guitarist and singer in the band Convite, a musical band on a mission to rescue a variety of rhythms found in the island from obscurity. Other original members were Dagoberto himself, Ana Marina Guzmán, José Enrique Trinidad and José Rodríguez, Miguel Mañaná, José Castillo and Iván Domínguez. Convite was a true musical novelty during that time, they had notable participations at "El Festival Internacional de la Nueva Canción "Siete Días con el Pueblo"" in Santo Domingo, 1974, in which Dias' composition "Obrero Acepta Mi Mano" was named as the official theme song, was afterwards recorded by different protest song bands such as "Expresión Joven" and "Los Guaraguao".
After "Convite" broke up, Días formed another band named "Madora" together with Gustavo Moré, Wellinton Valenzuela, Carlos Fernández, Luis Ruiz. In this new experiment they sought a fusion between Antillean folklore. In "Madora," Luis culminated a full decade worth of reelaborating and restoring root songs of Dominican tradition; that year he participated in the XI World Festival of Youth and Students in La Habana, 1978. Between 1980 and 1982, Luis Días traveled to New York City, where he focused on teaching workshops about traditional Dominican music at the American Museum of Natural History. During this time he was influenced by jazz and punk culture. Although various styles of rock music had been performed in his native country for quite a few years prior, Dias' return to the Dominican Republic in 1982 represents for many observers the authentic birth of Dominican Rock, he formed the band Transporte Urbano together with Juan Francisco Ordóñez, Guy Frómeta, Héctor Santana, José Duluc and Bruno Ranson.
A few years Hector Santana was replaced with Peter Nova on the bass guitar. In Transporte Urbano they would pour a wide variety of their musical influences, from Bachata to heavy metal. In 1983, he was granted a national award for his composition of the main theme song for the Dominican Carnival; the theme was named "Carnaval", but is better known as "Baila en la Calle". The theme's first performers were Sonia Luis Días himself. By 1985, the popular Dominican merenguero Fernando Villalona recorded the song with the label Kubaney. To date, the aforementioned version has achieved the highest levels of recognition. In 1984, his L. P. Luis "Terror" Días came on the market, which contained songs in Merengue rhythm, such as "Ay Ombe", "Liborio" and "La porquería", among others. In 1985, he participated in the XII World Festival of Students. Together with Juan Luis Guerra he was commissioned to compose the main theme for Carlos Cristalini's short film Las Pausas del Silencio, they received an award for Best Soundtrack for a Short Film at the Boston International Film Festival in 1986.
In 1986, he published a book titled Tránsito Entre Guácaras, a work of poetry taking Taíno myths as a source of inspiration. He was contracted by UNICEF to compose the song "Los Niños Sin Padres", performed alongside singers Sergio Vargas and Sonia Silvestre. More than three hundred of his songs have been recorded by various bands; some notable examples are: Sergio Vargas, Kaki Vargas, Wilfrido Vargas, Sonia Silvestre, Dionis Fernández, Los Hijos del Rey, Fernando Villalona, Alex Bueno, July Mateo "Rasputin" and Marc Anthony ("
William Leonard Roberts II, known professionally as Rick Ross, is an American rapper and record executive. After releasing his debut single, Hustlin' in 2006, Ross became the subject of a bidding war, receiving offers from Diddy's Bad Boy Entertainment and Irv Gotti's Murder Inc. before signing a multi million dollar deal with Jay Z's Def Jam Records. Ross released his debut album Port Of Miami through the label that year, debuting at the top spot on the U. S. Billboard 200 album chart, with sales of 187,000 units during the first week. Ross released his second studio album, Trilla in 2008, once again debuting atop the Billboard 200. In 2009, Ross founded the record label Maybach Music Group, on which he released his studio albums Deeper Than Rap, Teflon Don, God Forgives, I Don't, Hood Billionaire, Black Market, Rather You Than Me. Ross was the first artist signed to Diddy's management company Ciroc Entertainment. In early 2012, MTV named Ross as the Hottest MC in the Game. William Leonard Roberts II was born in Clarksdale and raised in Carol City, Florida.
After graduating from Miami Carol City Senior High School, he attended the black college Albany State University on a football scholarship. Roberts worked as a correctional officer for 18 months from December 1995, until his resignation in June 1997. In his early years at Suave House Records, Roberts made his debut under the pseudonym Teflon Da Don, he made his recording debut on the song "Ain't Shhh to Discuss" on Erick Sermon's lone album for DreamWorks, Def Squad Presents Erick Onasis. In the mid-2000s, he changed his name to Rick Ross, he derived his stage name from the former drug kingpin "Freeway" Rick Ross, to whom he has no connection. After being signed to Suave House Records, former label for rap duo 8Ball & MJG, he signed a deal with Slip-n-Slide Records, under the Def Jam label since 2006. While signed to Slip-n-Slide, Roberts toured with fellow rapper Trick Daddy and made guest performances on other Slip-n-Slide albums, his debut album Port of Miami was released in August 2006 and debuted at the top spot on the U.
S. Billboard 200 album chart, with sales at 187,000 units during the first week. Christian Hoard of Rolling Stone magazine predicted that it would be "the summer's biggest rap record"; the second single was "Push It", which samples "Scarface", the theme song from the gangster film Scarface. The music video for "Push It" was modeled after the film. During that time, Ross made guest performances on two singles from DJ Khaled's debut Listennn... the Album: "Born-N-Raised" and "Holla at Me". Port of Miami received Gold certification from the Recording Industry Association of America on November 8, 2006. In March 2008, his second album Trilla was released and, as its predecessor Port of Miami had, debuted at the top of the Billboard 200, its lead single "Speedin'" featuring R. Kelly peaked at number 21 on the U. S. Billboard Bubbling Under Hot 100 Singles; the third single "Here I Am" featured Avery Storm. MTV News ranked Ross on the fourth spot in its 2008 "Hottest MCs in the Game" list among ten rappers.
The fourth single "This Is The Life" was released in July. I look at the game and the business and all different aspects, it's a lot of great lyricists on the corner that will never properly understand the business and know how to market themselves and get in a position where they can gain capital. I look at all the strategies what made them successful. What made Birdman just as relevant today after selling 50 million records? That intrigues me. To see the class of Jay-Z, his accomplishments and see how he sits backs and makes his moves. A track from the album called. In the song, Ross speaks on his controversial stint as a prison guard. "Keep it trilla, never had a gun and badge," which he stresses, leaving the word that he was indeed an officer of the law. "Kept a nice watch, smoking on a hundred sack/ Back in the day I sold crack for some nice kicks/ Skippin' school, I saw my friend stabbed with an ice pick/ Can't criticize niggas trying to get jobs/ Better get smart, young brother, live yours."
He implies that while he was working as a corrections officer, he was on the streets. "Only lived once and I got two kids/ And for me to feed them, I'll get two gigs," he raps. "I'll shovel shit, I'll C. O./ So we can bow our heads and pray over the meatloaf." Although, he still provided no explanation for lying about being a C. O. to begin with, nor did he explain why he failed to pay child support for his children. The cover of the May 2009 issue of XXL magazine, titled "Rick Ross Up in Smoke", featured Ross wearing a pair of Louis Vuitton sunglasses. After publication, a spokesperson for the luxury-goods maker contacted XXL to inform them that Ross was sporting fake sunglasses in the cover image, it was revealed that the rapper was wearing authentic Louis Vuitton sunglasses which were altered by Jacob Bernstein, known as "The Sunglass Pimp". Bernstein defended his customizations despite Louis Vuitton's insistence that such modification and resale of trademarked property is not legal. Ross had a number of accomplishments in 2010.
In May, he released the critically acclaimed Albert Anastasia EP. He followed that up by releasing his fourth studio album entitled Teflon Don, released on July 20, 2010; the lead single was "Super High" featuring Ne-Yo. Actress Stacey Dash made an appearance in the music video. A second official single was released titled "Live Fast, Die Young" which features and is produced by Kanye
Sean John Combs known by the stage names Puff Daddy, P. Diddy, Puffy and Love is an American rapper, record executive, record producer, entrepreneur. Combs was born in New York City but raised in Mount Vernon, New York, he worked as a talent director at Uptown Records before founding his own record label, Bad Boy Entertainment, in 1993. Combs' debut album, No Way Out has been certified seven times platinum. No Way Out was followed by successful albums such as The Saga Continues... and Press Play. In 2009, Combs formed the musical group Diddy – Dirty Money and released the critically well-reviewed and commercially successful album Last Train to Paris. Combs has won three Grammy Awards and two MTV Video Music Awards, is the producer of MTV's Making the Band. In 2018, Forbes estimated his net worth at $825 million, making him the second-richest hip hop recording artist. Sean John Combs was born on November 4, 1969 in Manhattan's Harlem in New York City and was raised in Mount Vernon, New York, his mother, was a model and teacher's assistant and his father, Melvin Earl Combs, served in the U.
S. Air Force and was an associate of convicted New York drug dealer Frank Lucas. At age 33, Melvin was shot to death while sitting in his car on Central Park West, when Combs was 2 years old. Combs graduated from the Roman Catholic Mount Saint Michael Academy in 1987, he played football for the academy and his team won a division title in 1986. Combs said that he was given the nickname Puff as a child, because he would "huff and puff" when he was angry. Combs left after his sophomore year. In 2014, he returned to Howard University to receive an Honorary Doctorate in Humanities and deliver the University's 146th Commencement Address. Combs became an intern at New York's Uptown Records. While talent director at Uptown, he helped develop Mary J. Blige. In his college days Combs had a reputation for throwing parties, some of which attracted up to a thousand participants. In 1991, Combs promoted an AIDS fundraiser with Heavy D held at the City College of New York gymnasium, following a charity basketball game.
The event was oversold, a stampede occurred in which nine people died. In 1993, after being fired from Uptown, Combs established his new label Bad Boy Entertainment as a joint venture with Arista Records, taking then-newcomer The Notorious B. I. G. with him. Both The Notorious B. I. G. and Craig Mack released hit singles, followed by successful LPs Notorious B. I. G.'s Ready to Die. Combs signed more acts to Bad Boy, including Carl Thomas, Faith Evans, 112, Father MC; the Hitmen, his in-house production team, worked with Jodeci, Mary J. Blige, Lil' Kim, TLC, Mariah Carey, Boyz II Men, SWV, Aretha Franklin, others. Mase and the Lox joined Bad Boy just as a publicized rivalry with the West Coast's Death Row Records was beginning. Combs and Notorious B. I. G. were criticized and parodied by Tupac Shakur and Suge Knight in songs and interviews during the mid-1990s. During 1994–1995, Combs produced several songs for TLC's CrazySexyCool, which finished the decade as number 25 on Billboard's list of top pop albums of the decade.
In 1997, under the name Puff Daddy, Combs recorded his first commercial vocal work as a rapper. His debut single, "Can't Nobody Hold Me Down", spent 28 weeks on the Billboard Hot 100 chart, peaking at number one, his debut album, No Way Out, was released on July 1997, through Bad Boy Records. Titled Hell up in Harlem, the album underwent several changes after The Notorious B. I. G. was killed on March 9, 1997. Several of the label's artists made guest appearances on the album. No Way Out was a significant success in the United States, where it reached number one on the Billboard 200 in its first week of release, selling 561,000 copies; the album produced five singles: "I'll Be Missing You", a tribute to The Notorious B. I. G. was the first rap song to debut at number one on the Billboard Hot 100. Four other singles. Combs collaborated with Jimmy Page on the song "Come with Me" for the 1998 film Godzilla; the album earned Combs five nominations at the 40th Grammy Awards in 1998, winning the Grammy Award for Best Rap Album.
On September 7, 2000, the album was certified septuple platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America for sales of over 7 million copies. In 1997, Combs was sued for landlord neglect by Inge Bongo. Combs denied the charges. By the late 1990s, he was being criticized for watering down and overly commercializing hip hop, for using too many guest appearances and interpolations of past hits in his new songs. In April 1999 Combs was charged with assault as a result of an incident with Steve Stoute of Interscope Records. Stoute was the manager for Nas, with whom Combs had filmed a video earlier that year for the song "Hate Me Now". Combs was concerned that the video, which featured a shot of Nas and Combs being crucified, was blasphemous, he asked for his scenes on the cross to be pulled, but after it aired unedited on MTV on April 15, Combs visited Stoute's offices and injured Stoute. Combs was charged with second-degree assault and criminal mischief, was sentenced to attend a one-day anger management class.
Forever, Combs' second solo studio album, was released by Bad Boy Records on August 24, 1999, in North America, in the UK on the following day. It reached number two on the Billboard 200 and number one on the Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums chart, where it remained for one