Elizabeth I of England
Elizabeth I was Queen of England and Ireland from 17 November 1558 until her death on 24 March 1603. Sometimes called The Virgin Queen, Gloriana or Good Queen Bess, Elizabeth was the last of the five monarchs of the House of Tudor. Elizabeth was the daughter of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn, his second wife, executed two-and-a-half years after Elizabeth's birth. Anne's marriage to Henry VIII was annulled, Elizabeth was declared illegitimate, her half-brother, Edward VI, ruled until his death in 1553, bequeathing the crown to Lady Jane Grey and ignoring the claims of his two half-sisters and the Roman Catholic Mary, in spite of statute law to the contrary. Edward's will was set aside and Mary became queen, deposing Lady Jane Grey. During Mary's reign, Elizabeth was imprisoned for nearly a year on suspicion of supporting Protestant rebels. In 1558 upon Mary's death, Elizabeth succeeded her half-sister to the throne and set out to rule by good counsel, she depended on a group of trusted advisers, led by William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley.
One of her first actions as queen was the establishment of an English Protestant church, of which she became the Supreme Governor. This Elizabethan Religious Settlement was to evolve into the Church of England, it was expected that Elizabeth would produce an heir. She was succeeded by her first cousin twice removed, James VI of Scotland, she had earlier been responsible for the imprisonment and execution of James's mother, Queen of Scots. In government, Elizabeth was more moderate. One of her mottoes was "video et taceo". In religion, she was tolerant and avoided systematic persecution. After the pope declared her illegitimate in 1570 and released her subjects from obedience to her, several conspiracies threatened her life, all of which were defeated with the help of her ministers' secret service. Elizabeth was cautious in foreign affairs, manoeuvring between the major powers of Spain, she only half-heartedly supported a number of ineffective, poorly resourced military campaigns in the Netherlands and Ireland.
By the mid-1580s, England could no longer avoid war with Spain. England's defeat of the Spanish Armada in 1588 associated Elizabeth with one of the greatest military victories in English history; as she grew older, Elizabeth became celebrated for her virginity. A cult grew around her, celebrated in the portraits and literature of the day. Elizabeth's reign became known as the Elizabethan era; the period is famous for the flourishing of English drama, led by playwrights such as William Shakespeare and Christopher Marlowe, for the seafaring prowess of English adventurers such as Francis Drake. Some historians depict Elizabeth as a short-tempered, sometimes indecisive ruler, who enjoyed more than her share of luck. Towards the end of her reign, a series of economic and military problems weakened her popularity. Elizabeth is acknowledged as a charismatic performer and a dogged survivor in an era when government was ramshackle and limited, when monarchs in neighbouring countries faced internal problems that jeopardised their thrones.
After the short reigns of her half-siblings, her 44 years on the throne provided welcome stability for the kingdom and helped forge a sense of national identity. Elizabeth was born at Greenwich Palace and was named after her grandmothers, Elizabeth of York and Elizabeth Howard, she was the second child of Henry VIII of England born in wedlock to survive infancy. Her mother was Anne Boleyn. At birth, Elizabeth was the heir presumptive to the throne of England, her older half-sister, had lost her position as a legitimate heir when Henry annulled his marriage to Mary's mother, Catherine of Aragon, to marry Anne, with the intent to sire a male heir and ensure the Tudor succession. She was baptised on 10 September 1533. A canopy was carried at the ceremony over the three-day old child by her uncle Viscount Rochford, Lord Hussey, Lord Thomas Howard, Lord Howard of Effingham. Elizabeth was two years and eight months old when her mother was beheaded on 19 May 1536, four months after Catherine of Aragon's death from natural causes.
Elizabeth was deprived of her place in the royal succession. Eleven days after Anne Boleyn's execution, Henry married Jane Seymour, who died shortly after the birth of their son, Edward, in 1537. From his birth, Edward was undisputed heir apparent to the throne. Elizabeth was placed in his household and carried the chrisom, or baptismal cloth, at his christening. Elizabeth's first governess, Margaret Bryan, wrote that she was "as toward a child and as gentle of conditions as I knew any in my life". Catherine Champernowne, better known by her married name of Catherine "Kat" Ashley, was appointed as Elizabeth's governess in 1537, she remained Elizabeth's friend until her death in 1565. Champernowne taught Elizabeth four languages: French, Flemish and Spanish. By the time William Grindal became her tutor in 1544, Elizabeth could write English and Italian. Under Grindal, a talented and skilful tutor, she progressed in French and Greek. After Grindal died in 1548, Elizabeth received her education under Roger Ascham, a sympathetic teacher who believed that learning should be engaging.
By the time her formal education ended in 1550, Elizabeth was one of the best educated women of her generation. At the end of her life, Elizabeth was believed to speak Welsh, Cornish and Irish in addition to the languages men
Swoosie Kurtz is an American actress. She is a two-time Tony Award winner. Kurtz made her Broadway debut in the 1975 revival of Ah, Wilderness, she has received five Tony Award nominations, winning two for Fifth of July and The House of Blue Leaves. For her television work, she has received eight Emmy Award nominations, with one win for Carol and Company in 1990. Other television credits include the NBC drama Sisters, Pushing Daisies, the hit CBS sitcom Mike & Molly, her films include, Dangerous Liaisons, Stanley & Iris, Citizen Ruth, Liar Liar and Bubble Boy. Kurtz was born in Omaha, the only child of author Margaret "Margo" and Air Force Colonel Frank Allen Kurtz, Jr. a much-decorated World War II American bomber pilot. She got her first name "Swoosie" from her father, it is derived from the sole surviving example of the early Boeing B-17D Flying Fortress bomber, named "The Swoose" or "Swoose"—half swan, half goose—which her father piloted, breaking all Pacific records during World War II. As a military brat, Kurtz moved frequently.
Kurtz attended the University of Southern California. She attended the London Academy of Music and Dramatic Art. Kurtz's first television appearance at age seventeen was on The Donna Reed Show 4th-season episode "The Golden Trap", she appeared on To Tell the Truth at eighteen, identifying her father from two impostors. Kurtz began her career in theater, making her Broadway debut in the 1975 revival of Ah, Wilderness!. She first gained wide recognition in 1978 for two theatrical productions, Uncommon Women and Others, the breakthrough play by Wendy Wasserstein in which she appeared in a 1977 workshop at the Eugene O'Neill Theater Center and Off-Broadway, the musical A History of the American Film for which she won a Drama Desk Award. Kurtz was soon awarded Broadway's "triple crown" for her portrayal of Gwen in Lanford Wilson's Fifth of July, she won a second Tony for her performance as Bananas in a 1986 revival of The House of Blue Leaves by John Guare. She starred as playwright Lillian Hellman in the 2002 Nora Ephron play Imaginary Friends.
In 1978, Kurtz was part of the ensemble cast of Mary Tyler Moore's short-lived variety series Mary, that included David Letterman and Michael Keaton. In 1981, Kurtz began two seasons alongside Tony Randall in the sitcom Love, Sidney, in a role that earned her the first of her 10 Emmy Award nominations. In 1990, she won her first Emmy for a guest-starring role on Carol Burnett's comedy series Carol & Company. From 1991 to 1996, Kurtz had her longest-running television role, starring as wealthy divorcee Alex Reed Halsey on the NBC drama Sisters, a role that earned her two more Emmy Award nominations, she starred in the ABC television series Pushing Daisies as Lily Charles. In recent years, Kurtz has guest-starred on the hit series ER and Lost and Desperate Housewives and has had recurring roles as Valerie on the drama That's Life, as Judy's mother Helen on the sitcom Still Standing, as Madeleine Sullivan on the Showtime drama series Huff, most as part of a lesbian married couple with Blythe Danner on the drama series Nurse Jackie.
In 2010, Kurtz began starring on the CBS sitcom Molly as Joyce Flynn. Most Kurtz has appeared in a recurring part as Matt LeBlanc's mother in the comedy series Man with a Plan. Although her main focus has been television, Kurtz has starred in several major Hollywood films including the Agatha Christie drama Caribbean Mystery, Dangerous Liaisons, its remake Cruel Intentions, as a lesbian activist in the acclaimed indie film Citizen Ruth, alongside Jim Carrey in Liar Liar. From 1964 to 1970 Kurtz was romantically involved with Joshua White of the Joshua Light Show. Kurtz has never been married, she has no children. Swoosie Kurtz on IMDb Swoosie Kurtz at the Internet Broadway Database Swoosie Kurtz at the Internet Off-Broadway Database Swoosie Kurtz at the TCM Movie Database Swoosie Kurtz at AllMovie Swoosie Kurtz - Downstage Center interview at American Theatre Wing, October 2006 Leading Ladies Working in the Theatre video from American Theatre Wing, December 2006 Performance Working in the Theatre video from American Theatre Wing, September 2003 Performance Working in the Theatre video from American Theatre Wing, April 1999 Performance Working in the Theatre video from American Theatre Wing, September 1986 TonyAwards.com Interview with Swoosie Kurtz
Cynthia Ellen Nixon is an American actress and politician. For her portrayal of Miranda Hobbes in the HBO series Sex and the City, Nixon won the 2004 Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Comedy Series, she reprised the role in the films Sex and the City and Sex and the City 2. Her other film credits include Amadeus, James White, playing Emily Dickinson in A Quiet Passion. Nixon made her Broadway debut in the 1980 revival of The Philadelphia Story, her other Broadway credits include The Real Thing, Indiscretions, The Women, Wit. She won the 2006 Tony Award for Best Actress in a Play for Rabbit Hole, the 2008 Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Guest Actress in a Drama Series for Law & Order: Special Victims Unit, the 2009 Grammy Award for Best Spoken Word Album for An Inconvenient Truth, the 2017 Tony Award for Best Featured Actress in a Play for The Little Foxes, her other television roles include playing political figures Eleanor Roosevelt in Warm Springs, Michele Davis in Too Big to Fail, playing Nancy Reagan in the 2016 television film Killing Reagan.
On March 19, 2018, Nixon announced her campaign for Governor of New York as a challenger to Democratic incumbent Andrew Cuomo. Her platform focused on income inequality, renewable energy, establishing universal health care, stopping mass incarceration in the United States, protecting undocumented children from deportation, she lost in the Democratic primary to Cuomo on September 13, 2018, with 34% of the vote to his 66%. Nixon was nominated as the gubernatorial candidate for the Working Families Party. Nixon has been an advocate for LGBT rights in the United States the right of same-sex marriage, she met her wife at a 2002 gay rights rally, announced her engagement at a rally for New York marriage equality in 2009. She received the Yale University Artist for Equality award in 2013 and a Visibility Award from the Human Rights Campaign in 2018. Nixon was born in Manhattan, the only child of Walter Elmer Nixon Jr. a radio journalist from Texas, Anne Elizabeth, an actress from Chicago. She is of English and German descent.
Her grandparents were Adolph Knoll, Etta Elizabeth Williams, Walter E. Nixon, Sr. and Grace Truman McCormack. Nixon's parents divorced when she was six years old. According to Nixon, her father was unemployed and her mother was the household's main breadwinner: Nixon's mother worked on the game show To Tell the Truth, coaching the "impostors" who claimed to be the person described by the host. Nixon made her first television appearance on the show at 9 as one of the "impostors", pretending to be a junior horse riding champion. Nixon was an actress all through her years at Hunter College Elementary School and Hunter College High School taking time away from school to perform in film and on stage. Nixon acted in order to pay her way through Barnard College, where she received a B. A. in English Literature. In the spring of 1986, she studied abroad with Semester at Sea. Nixon's first onscreen appearance was as an imposter on To Tell the Truth, where her mother worked, she began acting at 12 as the object of a wealthy schoolmate's crush in The Seven Wishes of a Rich Kid, a 1979 ABC Afterschool Special.
She made her feature debut co-starring with Kristy McNichol and Tatum O'Neal in Little Darlings. She made her Broadway debut as Dinah Lord in a 1980 revival of The Philadelphia Story. Alternating between film, TV, stage, she did projects like the 1982 ABC movie My Body, My Child, the features Prince of the City and I Am the Cheese, the 1982 Off-Broadway productions of John Guare's Lydie Breeze. In 1984, while a freshman at Barnard College, Nixon made theatrical history by appearing in two hit Broadway plays directed by Mike Nichols, they were The Real Thing, where she played the daughter of Jeremy Irons and Christine Baranski. The two theaters were just two blocks apart and Nixon's roles were both short, so she could run from one to the other. Onscreen, she played the role of Salieri's maid/spy, Lorl, in Amadeus. In 1985, she appeared alongside Jeff Daniels in Lanford Wilson's Lemon Sky at Second Stage Theatre, she landed her first major supporting role in a movie as an intelligent teenager who aids her boyfriend in building a nuclear bomb in Marshall Brickman's The Manhattan Project.
Nixon was part of the cast of the NBC miniseries The Murder of Mary Phagan starring Jack Lemmon and Kevin Spacey, portrayed the daughter of a presidential candidate in Tanner'88, Robert Altman's political satire for HBO. She reprised the role for the 2004 sequel, Tanner on Tanner. On stage, Nixon portrayed Juliet in a 1988 New York Shakespeare Festival production of Romeo and Juliet, acted in the workshop production of Wendy Wasserstein's Pulitzer Prize-winning The Heidi Chronicles, playing several characters after it came to Broadway in 1989, she was the guest star in the second episode of the long running NBC television series Law & Order. She played the role of an agoraphobic woman in a February 1993 episode of Murder, She Wrote, titled "Threshold of Fear". Nixon succeeded Marcia Gay Harden as Harper Pitt in Tony Kushner's Angels in America, received a Tony nomination for her performance in Indiscretions, her sixth Broadway show, although she lost the part to another actress took over the role of Lala Levy
London is the capital and largest city of both England and the United Kingdom. Standing on the River Thames in the south-east of England, at the head of its 50-mile estuary leading to the North Sea, London has been a major settlement for two millennia. Londinium was founded by the Romans; the City of London, London's ancient core − an area of just 1.12 square miles and colloquially known as the Square Mile − retains boundaries that follow its medieval limits. The City of Westminster is an Inner London borough holding city status. Greater London is governed by the Mayor of the London Assembly. London is considered to be one of the world's most important global cities and has been termed the world's most powerful, most desirable, most influential, most visited, most expensive, sustainable, most investment friendly, most popular for work, the most vegetarian friendly city in the world. London exerts a considerable impact upon the arts, education, fashion, healthcare, professional services and development, tourism and transportation.
London ranks 26 out of 300 major cities for economic performance. It is one of the largest financial centres and has either the fifth or sixth largest metropolitan area GDP, it is the most-visited city as measured by international arrivals and has the busiest city airport system as measured by passenger traffic. It is the leading investment destination, hosting more international retailers and ultra high-net-worth individuals than any other city. London's universities form the largest concentration of higher education institutes in Europe. In 2012, London became the first city to have hosted three modern Summer Olympic Games. London has a diverse range of people and cultures, more than 300 languages are spoken in the region, its estimated mid-2016 municipal population was 8,787,892, the most populous of any city in the European Union and accounting for 13.4% of the UK population. London's urban area is the second most populous in the EU, after Paris, with 9,787,426 inhabitants at the 2011 census.
The population within the London commuter belt is the most populous in the EU with 14,040,163 inhabitants in 2016. London was the world's most populous city from c. 1831 to 1925. London contains four World Heritage Sites: the Tower of London. Other landmarks include Buckingham Palace, the London Eye, Piccadilly Circus, St Paul's Cathedral, Tower Bridge, Trafalgar Square and The Shard. London has numerous museums, galleries and sporting events; these include the British Museum, National Gallery, Natural History Museum, Tate Modern, British Library and West End theatres. The London Underground is the oldest underground railway network in the world. "London" is an ancient name, attested in the first century AD in the Latinised form Londinium. Over the years, the name has attracted many mythicising explanations; the earliest attested appears in Geoffrey of Monmouth's Historia Regum Britanniae, written around 1136. This had it that the name originated from a supposed King Lud, who had taken over the city and named it Kaerlud.
Modern scientific analyses of the name must account for the origins of the different forms found in early sources Latin, Old English, Welsh, with reference to the known developments over time of sounds in those different languages. It is agreed; this was adapted into Latin as Londinium and borrowed into Old English, the ancestor-language of English. The toponymy of the Common Brythonic form is much debated. A prominent explanation was Richard Coates's 1998 argument that the name derived from pre-Celtic Old European *lowonida, meaning "river too wide to ford". Coates suggested that this was a name given to the part of the River Thames which flows through London. However, most work has accepted a Celtic origin for the name, recent studies have favoured an explanation along the lines of a Celtic derivative of a proto-Indo-European root *lendh-, combined with the Celtic suffix *-injo- or *-onjo-. Peter Schrijver has suggested, on these grounds, that the name meant'place that floods'; until 1889, the name "London" applied to the City of London, but since it has referred to the County of London and Greater London.
"London" is sometimes written informally as "LDN". In 1993, the remains of a Bronze Age bridge were found on the south foreshore, upstream of Vauxhall Bridge; this bridge either reached a now lost island in it. Two of those timbers were radiocarbon dated to between 1750 BC and 1285 BC. In 2010 the foundations of a large timber structure, dated to between 4800 BC and 4500 BC, were found on the Thames's south foreshore, downstream of Vauxhall Bridge; the function of the mesolithic structure is not known. Both structures are on the south bank. Although there is evidence of scattered Brythonic settlements in the area, the first major settlement was founded by the Romans about four years after the invasion
Orlando is a 1992 British period drama film loosely based on Virginia Woolf's 1928 novel Orlando: A Biography, starring Tilda Swinton as Orlando, Billy Zane as Marmaduke Bonthrop Shelmerdine, Quentin Crisp as Queen Elizabeth I. It was written and directed by Sally Potter, who co-wrote the music for the film. Potter chose to film much of the Constantinople portion of the book in the isolated city of Khiva in Uzbekistan, made use of the forest of carved columns in the city's 18th century Djuma Mosque. Critics praised the film, applauded its visual treatment of the settings of Woolf's novel; the film premiered in competition at the 49th Venice International Film Festival, was re-released in select US cinemas in August 2010. The story begins in the Elizabethan era, shortly before the death of Queen Elizabeth I. On her deathbed, the Queen promises an androgynous young nobleman named Orlando a large tract of land and a castle built on it, along with a generous monetary gift. Do not wither. Do not grow old."
Orlando acquiesces and reposes in splendid isolation in the castle for a couple of centuries, during which time he dabbles in poetry and art. His attempts to befriend a celebrated poet, backfire when the poet ridicules his verse. Orlando travels to Constantinople as English ambassador to the Turks, is killed in a diplomatic fracas. Waking up the next morning, he learns something startling: he has transformed into a woman; the now Lady Orlando comes home to her estate in Middle-Eastern attire, only to learn that she faces several impending lawsuits arguing that Orlando was a woman all along and therefore has no right to the land or any of the royal inheritance that the Queen had promised. The succeeding two centuries tire Orlando out. Orlando is in search of a publisher for her book. Having lived a most bizarre existence, relaxing with her daughter and daydreaming philosophically under a tree, has found a tranquil niche. Director Sally Potter described her approach to the adaptation as follows: My task was to find a way of remaining true to the spirit of the book and to Virginia Woolf's intentions, whilst being ruthless with changing the book in any way necessary to make it work cinematically… The most immediate changes were structural.
The storyline was simplified any events which did not further Orlando's story were dropped. The film contains some anachronisms not present in the novel. For example, upon Orlando's arrival in Constantinople in about the year 1700, England is referred to as a "green and pleasant land", a line from William Blake's Jerusalem, which in reality was not written until 1804. Orlando receives a gift to celebrate the new century from Queen Anne, who had in fact not yet succeeded to the throne. Potter argued that "whereas the novel could withstand abstraction and arbitrariness, cinema is more pragmatic." She continued,There had to be reasons—however flimsy—to propel us along a journey based itself on a kind of suspension of disbelief. Thus, Queen Elizabeth bestows Orlando's long life upon him, whereas in the book it remains unexplained, and Orlando's change of sex in the film is the result of his having reached a crisis point—a crisis of masculine identity. At film's end, Orlando has a daughter. Potter has said that she intended Orlando's breaking the fourth wall to be an equivalent to Woolf's direct addresses to her readers, that this was her attempt at converting Woolf's literary wit into a more'cinematic' humor.
One obvious similarity remained, however: the film ends in its present day, 1992, just as Woolf's novel ends in its present day, 1928. The following songs are used in the film: Jimmy Somerville – "Eliza Is the Fairest Queen" Andrew Watts with Peter Hayward on harpsichord – "Where'er You Walk" Jimmy Somerville – "Coming" Anonimous – "Pavana" Portions of the following texts are used in the film: The Faerie Queene by Edmund Spenser Shakespeare's Othello and Sonnet 29 "Women" from the Quran The Indian Serenade and The Revolt of Islam by Percy Bysshe Shelley When first pitching her treatment in 1984, Potter was told by "industry professionals" that the story was "unmakable, far too expensive and anyway not interesting." In 1988 she began writing the script and raising money. Potter saw Tilda Swinton in the Manfred Karge play Man to Man and said that there was a "profound subtlety about the way she took on male body language and handled maleness and femaleness." In Potter's words, Quentin Crisp was the "Queen of Queens… in the context of Virginia Woolf's gender-bending politics" and thus fit to play the aged Queen Elizabeth.
Prior to Orlando's release in the United States in June 1993, Vincent Canby wrote in an effusively positive review,This ravishing and witty spectacle invades the mind through eyes that are dazzled without being anesthetized. Throughout Ms. Potter's Orlando, as in Woolf's, there a piercing kind of common sense and a joy that, because they are so rare these days in any medium, create their own kind of cinematic suspense and deligh
21st GLAAD Media Awards
The 21st GLAAD Media Awards was the 2010 annual presentation of the media awards presented by the Gay & Lesbian Alliance Against Defamation. The awards seek to honor films, television shows and works of journalism that and represent the LGBT community and issues relevant to the community; the 21st annual award ceremony included 116 nominees in 24 English-language categories, 36 Spanish-language nominees in eight categories. The awards were presented in three separate shows: one in New York City on March 13, one in Los Angeles on April 18, one in San Francisco on June 5; the Los Angeles event was hosted by Wilson Cruz. Alan Cumming hosted the New York awards, Bruce Vilanch hosted the San Francisco event. Additional guests and presenters included Elizabeth Keener, Tom Ford, Benjamin Bratt and Rob Halford. Comedian Wanda Sykes received the Stephen F. Kolzak Award, presented to an gay media professional who has made a difference promoting and advancing equal rights in the community. Sykes publicly came out in 2008 at a Las Vegas rally.
She said of receiving the award, "I appreciate the work that GLAAD continues to do, promoting equality, fair representation and tolerance for our LGBT community. I just pray that I don't ruin what GLAAD has achieved with all of my shenanigans."Actress Drew Barrymore received the Vanguard Award, presented to media professionals who have increased the visibility and understanding of the gay community. Barrymore was selected for her portrayal of a lesbian daughter of a widower in the film Everybody's Fine, as well as her vocal support for same sex marriage. Barrymore said, "I was born and raised among diversity, it has defined me and made me the person I am today. I'm honored and humbled to be receiving this award." Actress Cynthia Nixon received the Vito Russo Award, the musical Hair received a special recognition. Winning nominees are indicated by bold text. Outstanding Film – Wide Release Everybody's Fine – Miramax Films I Love You, Man – DreamWorks Precious: Based on the Novel "Push" by Sapphire – Lions Gate Entertainment A Single Man – The Weinstein Company Taking Woodstock – Focus FeaturesOutstanding Film – Limited Release Casi Divas – Maya Entertainment The Country Teacher – Film Movement Little Ashes – Regent Releasing Phoebe in Wonderland – THINKFilm The Secrets – Monterey MediaOutstanding Drama Series Brothers & Sisters – ABC Grey's Anatomy – ABC Mad Men – AMC Skins – BBC America True Blood – HBOOutstanding Comedy Series Beautiful People – Logo Glee – Fox Greek – ABC Family Modern Family – ABC United States of Tara – ShowtimeOutstanding Individual Episode "Homeward Bound", Private Practice – ABC "Lisa Says", The Listener – NBC "Pawnee Zoo", Parks and Recreation – NBC "The Real Ghostbusters", Supernatural – The CW "Wait and See", Private Practice – ABCOutstanding TV Movie or Mini-Series An Englishman in New York – Logo Pedro – MTV Prayers for Bobby – Lifetime Children of Earth – BBC AmericaOutstanding Documentary Ask Not – PBS Be Like Others – HBO Derek – Sundance Channel The Topp Twins: Untouchable Girls – Diva Productions U People – Logo/VH1Outstanding Reality Program The Amazing Race 15 – CBS Kathy Griffin: My Life on the D-List – Bravo Making His Band – MTV The Real World: Brooklyn – MTV RuPaul's Drag Race – Logo/VH1Outstanding Daily Drama All My Children – ABC As the World Turns – CBS Guiding Light – CBS One Life to Live – ABCOutstanding Music Artist Brandi Carlile – Give Up the Ghost Lady Gaga – The Fame Monster Gossip – Music for Men Adam Lambert – For Your Entertainment Otep – Smash the Control Machine Outstanding Talk Show Episode "Ellen DeGeneres and Her Wife, Portia de Rossi" – The Oprah Winfrey Show "Hell to Pay – Gay Teen Exorcism" – The Tyra Banks Show "Mormon Church & Gays" – The Joy Behar Show "The Science of Intersex" – The Dr. Oz Show "Sirdeaner Walker Interview" – The Ellen DeGeneres Show Outstanding TV Journalism – Newsmagazine "40th Anniversary of Stonewall" – In the Life "Angie Zapata Murder Trial" – InSession "Bullied to Death?"
– Anderson Cooper 360° "Gay Killings in Iraq" – CNN Newsroom "Uganda Be Kidding Me" – The Rachel Maddow Show Outstanding TV Journalism Segment "Gay Teen Mutilated" – Issues with Jane Velez-Mitchell "Lt. Col. Victor Fehrenbach'I Was Utterly Devastated'" – CNN Newsroom "Reverend's Revelation: Minister Speaks Out About Being Transgender" – The Early Show "Total Transformation: Why Chaz Bono Decided to Change" – Good Morning America "Why Will Won't Pledge Allegiance" – American Morning Outstanding Newspaper Article "Binational, Same-Sex Couples Face Immigration Problems" – Mike Swift "Kept From a Dying Partner's Bedside" – Tara Parker-Pope "Militias Target Some Iraqis for Being Gay" – Paul Wiseman and Nadeem Majeed "Minister Kept Secret for 27 Years" – Christine McFadden "Transgender Vets a Hidden Population" – Carol Ann Alaimo Outstanding Newspaper Columnist Leonard Pitts – The Miami Herald Deb Price – The Detroit News Frank Rich – The New York Times Rev. Byron Williams – The Oakland Tribune Craig Wilson – USA TodayOutstanding Newspaper Overall Coverage Greeley Tribune Los Angeles Times The New York Times Portland Press Herald The Washington PostOutstanding Magazine Article "Coming Out in Middle School" – Benoit Denizet-Lewis "Either/Or: Sports and the Case of Caster Semenya" – Ariel Levy "Gay on Trial" – Gabriel Arana "Trouble in Paradise" – Jeannine Amber (Ess
Fandango is an American ticketing company that sells movie tickets via their website as well as through their mobile app. Industry revenue increased for several years after the company's formation. However, as the Internet grew in popularity and medium-sized movie-theater chains began to offer independent ticket sale capabilities through their own websites. In addition, a new paradigm of moviegoers printing their own tickets at home emerged, in services offered by PrintTixUSA and by point-of-sale software vendor operated websites like "ticketmakers.com". An overall slump in moviegoing continued into the 2000s, as home theaters, DVDs, high definition televisions proliferated in average households, turning their homes into a preferred place to screen films. On April 11, 2007, Comcast acquired Fandango, with plans to integrate it into a new entertainment website called "Fancast.com," set to launch the summer of 2007. In June 2008, the domain Movies.com was acquired from Disney. With Comcast's purchase of a majority stake in NBCUniversal in January 2011, Fandango and all other Comcast media assets were merged into the company.
In March 2012, Fandango announced a partnership with Yahoo! Movies, becoming the official online and mobile ticketer serving over 30 million registered users of the Yahoo! service. On January 29, 2016, Fandango announced its acquisition of M-GO, a joint venture between Technicolor SA and DreamWorks Animation which it would rebrand as "FandangoNOW". In February of that same year Fandango announced its acquisition of Flixster and Rotten Tomatoes from Time Warner's Warner Bros. Entertainment; as part of the deal, Warner Bros. would become a 30% shareholder of the combined Fandango company. In December 2016, Fandango Media purchased Cinepapaya, a Peru-based website for purchasing movie tickets, for an undisclosed amount. Fandango charges a premium to use its services, ranging from 75¢ to $2.50, which reserves a ticket to be printed out upon arrival at a movie theater, thereby avoiding lines. Seating was promised for sold-out shows, but this feature was discontinued for most theaters, as not all were equipped to handle reserved seating and will call lines.
With ticket prices in many areas exceeding US$10.00, purchasing tickets through Fandango and other ticketing websites can make movie-going an expensive proposition. Fandango's advertisements play before previews at participating movie-theater chains and feature lunch bag puppets telling various one or two-line jokes and riddles centering on the company's name; the company produced an advertising segment, based on the song, "We are the World". Fandango's website offers exclusive film clips, celebrity interviews, reviews by users, movie descriptions, some web-based games to their members; as of March 5, 2015, Fandango provides customers with memberships the ability to refund or exchange their orders 2 hours before the showtime of their film. Fandango's Android app was listed among Techlands 50 Best Android Applications for 2013. Fandango is one of three major online advance movie ticket sale sites, along with MovieTickets.com and AtomTickets.com. Before being acquired by Comcast in April 2007, Fandango was owned, with the major stakeholder being the second largest movie-theater chain in the U.
S. Regal Entertainment Group, including the United Artists and Hoyts theater chains. Along with other partners, Regal founded Fandango to prevent the older MovieTickets.com from establishing a monopoly on phone and online ticketing services. It's advertising agency decided on its name because it sounded "fun and smart," "easily pronounce and remember--even though it has nothing to do with movies."Mergers of movie chains have complicated matters regarding which company provides online ticketing for a particular chain. Upon Regal's acquisition of Consolidated Theatres, that chain was under contract to MovieTickets.com. On the other hand, Regal's acquisition of the Hoyts chain resulted in Fandango taking over their online ticketing. Prior to 2012, Fandango did not provide online ticketing for many AMC Theatres. However, it provided online ticketing for those AMC Theatres part of the Loews Cineplex Entertainment chain, due to contractual obligations in place prior to the 2005 merger of the two movie chains.
Loews had attempted to break the contract in 2002 under pressure of bankruptcy and from AOL Moviefone and its partner, Loews' Cineplex subsidiary. As of February 8, 2012, Fandango began providing ticketing for all AMC Theatres in the US, after which MovieTickets.com's fellow shareholders sued AMC for breach of contract. AMC and MovieTickets.com settled in 2013, with an agreement that the theater chain's online ticketing would be available on both Fandango and MovieTickets.com. In May 2012, Fandango announced a partnership with former partner of MovieTickets.com. Atom Tickets, a movie ticketing app and website, launched in 2014, has been called a "serious competitor" for Fandango. In July 2009, it was revealed that Fandango along with other websites, including buy.com and Orbitz, were linked with controversial Web loyalty