The Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical Classification System is a drug classification system that classifies the active ingredients of drugs according to the organ or system on which they act and their therapeutic and chemical properties. It is controlled by the World Health Organization Collaborating Centre for Drug Statistics Methodology, was first published in 1976; this pharmaceutical coding system divides drugs into different groups according to the organ or system on which they act, their therapeutic intent or nature, the drug's chemical characteristics. Different brands share the same code if they have indications; each bottom-level ATC code stands for a pharmaceutically used substance, or a combination of substances, in a single indication. This means that one drug can have more than one code, for example acetylsalicylic acid has A01AD05 as a drug for local oral treatment, B01AC06 as a platelet inhibitor, N02BA01 as an analgesic and antipyretic; the ATC classification system is a strict hierarchy, meaning that each code has one and only one parent code, except for the 14 codes at the topmost level which have no parents.
The codes are semantic identifiers, meaning they depict in themselves the complete lineage of parenthood. The ATC system is based on the earlier Anatomical Classification System, intended as a tool for the pharmaceutical industry to classify pharmaceutical products; this system, confusingly called ATC, was initiated in 1971 by the European Pharmaceutical Market Research Association and is being maintained by the EphMRA and Intellus. Its codes are organised into four levels; the WHO's system, having five levels, is an modification of the EphMRA's. It was first published in 1976. In this system, drugs are classified into groups at five different levels: The first level of the code indicates the anatomical main group and consists of one letter. There are 14 main groups: Example: C Cardiovascular system The second level of the code indicates the therapeutic subgroup and consists of two digits. Example: C03 Diuretics The third level of the code indicates the therapeutic/pharmacological subgroup and consists of one letter.
Example: C03C High-ceiling diuretics The fourth level of the code indicates the chemical/therapeutic/pharmacological subgroup and consists of one letter. Example: C03CA Sulfonamides The fifth level of the code indicates the chemical substance and consists of two digits. Example: C03CA01 furosemide The Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical Classification System for veterinary medicinal products is used to classify veterinary drugs. ATCvet codes can be created by placing the letter Q in front of the ATC code of most human medications. For example, furosemide for veterinary use has the code QC03CA01; some codes are used for veterinary drugs, such as QI Immunologicals, QJ51 Antibacterials for intramammary use or QN05AX90 amperozide. The ATC system includes defined daily doses for many drugs; this is a measurement of drug consumption based on the usual daily dose for a given drug. According to the definition, "he DDD is the assumed average maintenance dose per day for a drug used for its main indication in adults."
National issues of the ATC classification, such as the German Anatomisch-therapeutisch-chemische Klassifikation mit Tagesdosen, may include additional codes and DDDs not present in the WHO version. ATC follows guidelines in creating new codes for newly approved drugs. In order to create a new ATC code, an application has to be sent to the WHO. New ATC codes are published twice annually. Revisions of the ATC are formally released every year. Classification of Pharmaco-Therapeutic Referrals ICD-10 International Classification of Diseases International Classification of Primary Care / ICPC-2 PLUS Medical classification Pharmaceutical care Pharmacotherapy RxNorm "WHOCC Homepage". WHO Collaborating Centre for Drug Statistics Methodology. "ATC: Introduction". Family Medicine Research Centre, University of Sydney. EphMRA Anatomical Classification
Sir Robert Berkeley was an English judge and politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1621 to 1624. He suffered for giving a judgement in favour of Ship Money. Berkeley was born at Worcester, the son of Rowland Berkeley and his wife Catherine Hayward, daughter of Thomas Hayward, he was admitted to Middle Temple in 1600 and was called to the bar on 6 May 1608. In 1611 he inherited Spetchley on the death of his father and went on to buy further properties including Cudeley, he was High Sheriff of Worcestershire in 1613. In 1620 he in 1621 became Recorder of Worcester, he was elected Member of Parliament for Worcester in 1621. In 1623, he was appointed. One of the Council of the Marches of Wales 30 June, being sworn in as such at Worcester on 13 October, he was re-elected MP for Worcester in 1624. In 1626 he was Autumn Reader of his Inn, he became Serjeant-at-law on 28 February 1627, King's Serjeant on 12 April 1627 and was knighted on 14 April 1627. On 11 October 1632 he was appointed one of the Justices of the King's Bench.
He was appointed one of the Avon compensation commissioners on 9 April 1637. Berkeley was impeached by the Long Parliament for high treason on 13 February 1641, after in 1637 he gave his judicial opinion in favour of the legality of Ship-Money, he was arrested in open Court while sitting on the Bench, was imprisoned in the Tower of London. In September 1642 the House of Lords deprived him of his office, fined him £20,000, of which he paid one half. In 1651, before the Battle of Worcester, his house at Spetchley Park was burnt by Scottish Presbyterians to prevent it falling into Parliamentary hands. Berkeley converted the stables into a dwelling-house, "lived with content and dignity upon the wreck of his fortune". Berkeley died at the age of 72 and was buried under a monument with a marble figure of the judge in the chancel at Spetchley. Berkeley married daughter of Thomas Conyers, of East Barnet, Hertfordshire. National Portrait Gallery
Neonode started out as a company producing mobile phones, founded in Sweden by Magnus Goertz and Thomas Eriksson. Neonode Inc, the parent company, focuses on the development and selling of the company's patented optical touch technology; the technology uses a web of light was named zForce. It is used for tablets, e-readers and other devices featuring touch screens; the company operates from Stockholm, Sweden with offices in San Jose, Seoul, Taipei. Childhood friends Magnus Goertz and Thomas Eriksson founded Neonode in 2001 with the intent of creating a brand new type of mobile phone; the first prototype was launched at the German IT-fair CeBit in March 2002 and yielded quite a bit of attention. Around Christmas the same year, a press conference was held at Fryshuset in Stockholm; the massive attention they received resulted in 20.000 mobile phones being pre-ordered. Using their two patented technologies, zForce and Neno, Neonode AB had developed three mobile phone models: N1, N1m and N2, they all shared a similar design.
Neonode AB was responsible for the marketing of the mobile phones. The company had about 30 employees and was situated on Biblioteksgatan, close to Stureplan in Stockholm. Production of the phones took place in Malaysia. In November 2008, the company failed. On December 9, 2008, Neonode declared bankruptcy; the company was started up again by Thomas Eriksson. The business of the parent company Neonode Inc and Neonode Technologies AB, located in Sweden, the R&D headquarters, has since been the licensing of the zForce technology. In 2009, the company released an updated version of the touch-technology zForce. In 2010 two new product concepts ClearTouch and SAT were introduced, both based on an update of zForce; the same year, Sony launched their e-reader based on the zForce technology. In 2010, zForce was awarded the title "Best New Technology of the Year" by the magazine Mobil. In 2010 and 2011 the company has signed some global customers in the e-reader segment; the technology has since developed and is now implemented into a variety of touch devices such as tablets and automotive appliances.
AirBar is a computer accessory which projects light on to a laptop screen, allowing the device to recognize touch input. The black bar is attached with magnets onto the bottom of a screen and plugs into a standard USB port; the device is compatible with Microsoft Windows, macOS, Chrome OS. zForce: The technology is based on light fields. As the light is interrupted by fingers or objects, the system notes the position. Other objects than fingers are therefore possible to use, since the screen responds to any type of material.´ NN1001: On January 3rd 2012, Neonode announced a new optical touch controller dubbed NN1001, developed in cooperation with TI, that tracks any high-speed multi-touch gesture with any object. NN1001 connects to any application processor with a high-speed SPI interface. ZForce® is the name for Neonode’s patented optical sensing technology built on infrared light, invisible to the human eye. Neonode’s zForce optical sensing technology adds value and provides the highest performance for a multitude of devices.
We strive to provide the highest level of functionality by adding unique features that only optical technology can realize. ZForce technology offers a variety of competitive and original features that sense any type of object, determine its size, its pressure on a surface, its depth, its velocity and its proximity to any type of surface. ZForce technology consists of a set of light emitters and detectors, an optical light guide with lenses and a controller IC, connected to a host; the host is connected to the controller. The controller IC regulates the light emitters, that emit short pulses of light in an intended sensing/interactive plane; the controller continuously monitors the light, collected by the detectors and checks the ambient light in order to calibrate the system to work in all light conditions. Objects in the light path of the sensor cause intensity shifts in the received light; this information is used to initiate tracking of the objects. The size and position of each object is reported back to the host.
By combining the measured value from a number of detectors, the position and object size are calculated. Compensations are made for dust and other small particles on the optical surfaces, as well as for variations in component quality. Being light based means that zForce technology is robust to electrical noise and other electrically conducted interferences and to strong RF sources. Our controller ICs use sophisticated hardware filtering in combination with optical and software filtering to achieve a system, robust to ambient light and other strong light sources. ZForce technology has high scanning frequency, low latency and high accuracy, operates in a wide temperature range, making it ideal for applications intended for harsh environments. ZForce technology consists of two platforms. Optical Reflective Platform zForce optical reflective platform is based on light reflection technology, integrating optics and electronics in a thin strip along one side of an intended interactive area, creating a 2-dimensional interactive plane.
Through its innovative use of infrared light, invisible to the human eye, zForce optical reflective technology interacts with the position and movement of any reflective object within its range. It enables touch interaction on any display or surface, mid-air interaction ranging from sweeping hand motions to
The Lise-Meitner-Gymnasium is a high school in Osdorf, Hamburg. It bore the name Gymnasium Osdorf until 1 January 2007, when it adopted the name of the Austrian-Swedish nuclear physicist Lise Meitner; the founding of the Gymnasium took place on 1 April 1970. At that time, the lessons were not yet held in today's classrooms, but in those of today's Realschule Goosacker. For the school year 1971/1972 only three classes remained at Goosacker, the other six moved into the rooms on the Hemmingstedter Weg, where today the ZSU is located. At this time, the school without a strong base had 216 students; the new building at the street of Knabeweg, where the school is located today, was inaugurated on 5 February 1973. At the beginning of the new school year, lack of space prevailed on the site, which consisted of only one H-building, in which the majority of students is still located today. Due to the lack of space, some classes had to move back into the ZSU; the lack of space was corrected in 1974, when a building for the students of the upper school, a specialist building were completed.
The construction of the administrative building of the school was completed in May 1976. Since 1976, members of the 10th grade travel to Margate every year for about one and a half weeks. In 1981, a large sports hall was completed, rented by clubs over the weekend for tournaments; the hall can be divided into three parts, which allows three classes at the same time to exercise in a school lesson. Since the sports hall is powered by solar energy and the environment working group pays attention to the cleanliness and the environmental protection on the grounds, the school was awarded several times as "Environmental School in Europe" by the Foundation for Environmental Education. In 1995, the school administration celebrated its 25th anniversary together with representatives of the partner schools. In 1998, 1999, 2001 and 2003, the school took school trips just before the summer holidays. Another is planned for 2006. In 2001, the event of the "Aulalauf" took place for the first time; the run was supposed to collect donations so that the school could start building an assembly hall, as the break room had become too small for official occasions.
2004/2005 the school was nearing its end: A plan was announced by the Hamburg Education Authority after which the Gymnasium Osdorf, the junior high school Goosacker and the primary school Wesperloh should merge as a "school network Hamburg-West". The conversion to a comprehensive school could only be averted by strong protest from students, school management and parents. However, since the school year 2005/2006 several school classes from Goosacker are located at Lise-Meitner-Gymnasium and the school management has been merged; the project of the construction of a new assembly hall was discontinued in 2006, through an arrangement with the education authority, the school gets by grants the remaining money for the construction. On 1 January 2007, the final renaming of Gymnasium Osdorf in Lise-Meitner-Gymnasium took place; the high school bears an intensified mathematical-scientific profile. On 23 January 2018, German Federal President Frank-Walter Steinmeier visited the school and held a discussion with higher grade pupils.
Léon, since 1974 Lyakirimu, since 1989 Moscow, since 1992In the partnership with the Lyakirimu Secondary School, there has been a lively exchange between the two schools. The Lise-Meitner-Gymnasium supports the school in the East African state with donations, from which the school bought a truck among other things. In addition, the school organizes a bazaar every two years, the proceeds go to the partner school. Norbert Bohnsack, founder of musical group Norbert und die Feiglinge Karsten Brüggemann, German historian of the Tallinn University Tim Petersen, football player of VfB Oldenburg Frederik Timm, member of musical group Norbert und die Feiglinge Joja Wendt, jazz pianist and composer
Bathgate Industrial Park is an industrial park located in the Tremont neighborhood of the Bronx, New York City. It is south of the Cross Bronx Expressway, west of Third and Fulton Avenues, north of Claremont Parkway, east of Washington Avenue in the district of Bronx Community Board 3. A joint project of the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey and the New York City Economic Development Corporation it opened in 1982 and is operated as a non profit organization, it was developed as an incentive to revitalize the South Bronx. The designation of the Bathgate Industrial Park in 1980 involved rezoning a former residential district characterized by vacant land and buildings; the park, which covers seven city blocks spanning 20 acres, contains eight buildings and has 454,000 square feet of space for light industrial, distribution and educational uses. Tenants include a generic drug manufacturer and food distributors, academic and vocational training centers; the Mott Hall Bronx High School and the Urban Assembly School for Applied Math and Science are located on the site, within the Bathgate Educational Campus.
Gutter Ballet is the fifth full-length album produced by the American progressive metal band Savatage. This was the second album created under the direction of producer Paul O'Neill and was released in December 1, 1989; this album was a true turning point for the band, for after Jon Oliva watched Andrew Lloyd Webber's musical The Phantom of the Opera in Toronto, he decided to change the sound of the band, from a heavy metal to a more progressive sound, reflected in songs such as "When the Crowds Are Gone" and "Gutter Ballet". Gutter Ballet is not a concept album, but the final three songs are a conceptual suite dealing with a single character as revealed by the band in interviews; the original title for the record was Temptation Revelation, but this was changed to Hounds of Zaroff, a Steve Wacholz suggestion. As late as May 1989, the eventual title track of the album had not been written and the band was having doubts surrounding the album title; the title Gutter Ballet came from that of a play producer Paul O'Neill had written ten years earlier and which would make-up the majority of the band's next work, Streets.
The song "Gutter Ballet" was written with just O'Neill and Criss Oliva in the studio. Jon's drumming skill was competent enough to perform on the track and he provided the bass guitar duties for the track. Had the band stuck with the story set-out in Paul O'Neill's original 1979 story, the song "When the Crowds Are Gone" would have followed Streets track "A Little Too Far". On the original cassette and CD releases, "Thorazine Shuffle" was a bonus track. Two videos from the album entered rotation on MTV, "Gutter Ballet" and "When the Crowds Are Gone"; the former track became a staple of Headbangers Ball and as a result, both Jon Oliva and Chris Caffery were invited to join host Riki Rachtman for an interview in 1990. Many additional songs written, before the decision of the change of style, were unused and subsequently published as bonus tracks, in the Sirens and The Dungeons Are Calling 2002 Silver reissues, some of them were re-worked and published by Jon Oliva's Pain; some titles were "Before I Hang", "Metal Head", "Target", "Livin On The Edge Of Time", "Stranger In The Dark" and "Rap".
Paul O'Neill was planning a theatrical release under the Trans-Siberian Orchestra name, titled Gutter Ballet, including Savatage's music from this album and from Streets: A Rock Opera. All tracks are written by Criss Oliva, Jon Oliva and Paul O'Neill, except "Silk and Steel" by C. Oliva and Paul Silver. SavatageJon Oliva – lead vocals, keyboards, bass guitar and drums on "Gutter Ballet" Criss Oliva – guitars, acoustic guitar Johnny Lee Middleton – bass guitar Steve "Doc" Wacholz – drumsNote: Chris Caffery doesn't play on the album but he was credited with guitars and keyboards and is pictured in the album's booklet "both to prepare the fans for the line-up they'd see on tour and confirm his permanent member status". Additional musiciansRobert Kinkel – keyboards John Dittmar, Stephen Daggett, Jerry Van Deilen, Dan Campbell – background shouts and laughsProductionPaul O'Neill – producer, arrangements with Savatage James A. Ball, Joe Henahan – engineers Teddy Trewalla, Deek Venarchick, Jay DeVito, Dave Parla – assistant engineers Dan Campbell – studio technician Jack Skinner – mastering at EuropaDisc, New York Gary Smith – cover art Dennis Osborne – photography