Ancon (1867 ship)
Ancon was an ocean-going wooden sidewheel steamship built in San Francisco in 1867. She carried freight. In her early career she was a ferry in Panama and ran between Panama and San Francisco, she began coastal runs between Sand Diego and San Francisco. Her last route was Port Washington to Alaska. Today she is more notable for her disasters than her routine voyages. Ancon Rock in Icy Strait, Alaska is the site of her 1886 grounding, her final wreck, in 1889 near Loring, Alaska was commemorated by Albert Bierstadt. His painting, "Wreck of the'Ancon' in Loring Bay, Alaska" now hangs in the Museum of Fine Art in Boston. Ancon was built as a double-ended ferry for service in Panama for the Pacific Mail Steamship Company, she replaced the company's Taboga, retired. Ancon was built in the Hunter's Point neighborhood of San Francisco and launched on October 12, 1867, her displacement was 654 tons. She was propelled by a coal-fired steam engine. Sea trials with invited guests aboard were held on April 29, 1868.
She was towed to Panama by the company's Golden City and arrived at Panama Bay on June 22, 1868. The Pacific Mail Steamship Company had a hub at the western end of the Panama Railroad, its ocean-going steamships carried passengers and freight from California to Panama, where they could cross the isthmus by rail. From here steamships could take them to other Atlantic ports. Ancon, which drew only 5 1⁄2 feet of water at the time, was used as a lighter to bring people and goods ashore from the deep-draft ocean-going ships when they arrived at Panama. Ancon proved too large for her role in Panama and was brought back to San Francisco in late 1872, she was rebuilt as an ocean-going ship. Her hull was reused, but she was given much greater capacity for passengers and coal, her displacement was tripled to 1,541 tons, her engine was upgraded to 400 horsepower. Her engine had a 50-inch cylinder with a 10-foot stroke, her boilers were coal-fired and she would take on as much as 400 tons of coal when refueling.
Ancon's staterooms had two or three berths, she could carry 135 cabin passengers and a similar number in steerage. By mid-1873 Ancon was sailing from San Francisco to Panama and back with many stops in between. A single one-way trip involved 19 port calls, her last trip in 1874 was notable for its light load. She left Panama with only 26 cabin and 15 steerage passengers, only 32 sacks of mail; the opening of the transcontinental railroad link in the United States in 1869 much reduced demand for coast-to-coast steamship travel via Panama. Ancon ran only one more round trip to Panama, departing San Francisco on December 24, 1874 She returned March 11, 1875. On this final trip she carried 7,982 sacks of coffee beans to San Francisco. In January 1875, the Goodall and Perkins Steamship Company acquired the competing San Francisco to San Diego routes and port facilities of the Pacific Mail Steamship Company, including Ancon. Goodall and Perkins was reorganized as the Pacific Coast Steamship Company in 1876.
From mid-1875 to 1887 Ancon sailed between San Francisco and San Diego, with several stops in between. She made three round trips per month. A one-way fare from San Pedro to San Francisco with a cabin was $15, $10 for steerage. In late 1878 she was periodically assigned to the San Francisco–Portland line with a single stop at Astoria. Starting in 1885, Ancon was periodically assigned to shuttle between San Eureka. Ancon's cargo was as diverse as the California economy, she shipped wool, honey, household goods, cheese, oranges, doors, guns, whiskey, fish, seal skins, machinery, sweet potatoes, olives and sacks of mail. During the evening of April 20, 1875 the Pacific Mail Steamship Company vessel Ventura ran onto a rock off Point Sur in a dense fog. A large gash in the hull suggested that the ship would be destroyed, so the 225 passengers were landed on the beach; the steamer Santa Cruz delivered them to nearby Monterey. Ancon was sent from San Francisco to Monterey on April 22 to pick up the stranded passengers and take them on to San Pedro.
The rescue effort was successful, no lives were lost. During a voyage from Astoria to San Francisco, on the night of September 15, 1878 Ancon rammed the sailing vessel Phil Sheridan in the fog about 15 miles off the mouth of the Umpqua River. Phil Sheridan was a two-masted schooner of 158 tons displacement; the schooner rolled onto her beam was assumed to be sinking. The passengers and crew were taken aboard Ancon. Ten days Phil Sheridan was found still floating on her beam ends near Coos Bay and attempts were made to salvage her. Cruising to Alaska became popular in the 1880s, so the Pacific Coast Steamship Company began to use the ship for "excursion" cruises in the summer. Ancon made three round trips to Alaska in 1884 under the command of Captain James Carroll. In March 1887, the Pacific Coast Steamship Company reassigned Ancon permanently to the Alaska trade. For the remainder of her career, she would travel between Port Townsend, Nanaimo, Fort Wrangell, Sitka and a variety of smaller ports and settlements, some no more than a salmon cannery.
She made occasional trips to Portland and Seattle during this period in conjunction with loading or discharging a particular cargo. She alternated trips to Alaska with the company's steamers Idaho and George W. Elder, completing a roundtrip from Port Townsend in about a month, her trips were more frequent in summer due to tourist demand
Ancón is a corregimiento in Panamá District, Panamá Province, Panama with a population of 29,761 as of 2010. Its population as of 1990 was 11,518, it is sometimes considered a suburb or small town within Panama City, northeast of the limits of the town of Balboa. Ancon Hill is the name of a large hill that overlooks Panama City and once served as a form of protection from pirates and sea invasion; the township was located around this hill, was created to house employees of the Panama Canal during its construction. As part of the construction effort, the historic Gorgas Army Hospital was founded and built on the hillside; the first ship to transit the canal, SS Ancon, was named after the district. The community continued to serve as housing for employees of the Panama Canal Company until 1980, when parts of it began to be turned over to the Panamanian government under the 1977 Torrijos-Carter Treaties. Modern-day Ancón is a corregimiento of Panama City, serving as a residential area; the Gorgas Army Hospital building is now the Panamanian Oncology Hospital used for cancer research.
The area houses Panama's Supreme Court, just a few feet away from the Gorgas Army Hospital building, several Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute buildings for research into tropical biology. Ancón is a parish of the District of Panama, located in the Panama Canal adjacent area; the area where the district of Ancón is located was always conceived as a place of transit. From the Spanish arrival on the Isthmus of Panama in 1501, it was thought to build there a road between the Atlantic and Pacific oceans, an idea, materialized with the construction of the Panama Canal. During the years when the Panama Canal was under the control of the United States, many administrative facilities, military bases, communities were built in the adjacent areas, forming part of the former Panama Canal Zone; when these areas were reverted to Panama under the Torrijos-Carter Treaties, several alternatives were proposed to integrate the district to the city of Panama. The current district of Ancón was created when a new political-administrative division for the reverted areas was adopted, by Act No. 18 of August 29, 1979, amended by Law No. 1 of October 27, 1982.
The areas located in the Pacific sector became part of this district, while those located on the Atlantic side were incorporated into the district of Cristobal, in the province of Colon. They remain characterized by a strong US urban architectural style. Due to its geographical location, the district of Ancón is of great importance for the economy of Panama. In it are located most of the administrative facilities and services related to the Panama Canal. Balboa is home to the port of Panama City; the district home to the Administrative Unit of Reverted properties of the Ministry of Economy and Finance, established in 2007 as a replacement for the former Inter-Oceanic Region Authority. Many of the buildings belonging to former US military bases are today sites of Panamanian governmental and nongovernmental institutions, such as the City of Knowledge, the main science and technology park in the country, in the area of the former Fort Clayton. Besides its importance in the fields of trade and intermodal transportation, the district is becoming relevant in terms of services and tourism.
Ancón is home to the Marcos A. Gelabert International Airport, the Grand National Transportation Terminal, Albrook Mall, the largest mall in the country; the district of Ancón includes the Parque Natural Metropolitano, a vast jungle located a few minutes from the city, its highest elevation, Ancon Hill. In its urban areas, you can visit several historical sites of the Panamanian capital, the building that houses the headquarters of the Panama Canal Authority, popularly known as the Administration Building; the Amador Causeway, a section of which runs over the sea, joining three small Pacific islands, is one of the city's most popular tourist attractions, with marinas, restaurants and discothèques. There is the Figali Convention Center, while the Museum of Biodiversity, designed by renowned architect Frank Gehry, is in construction. Postage stamps and postal history of the Canal Zone
SS Ancon (1901)
SS Ancon was an American cargo and passenger ship that became the first ship to transit the Panama Canal in 1914. The ship was built as Shawmut for the Boston Steamship Company by the Maryland Steel Company, Sparrows Point and put into Pacific service operating out of Puget Sound ports for Japan and the Philippine Islands. Shawmut and sister ship Tremont were two of the largest United States commercial ships in service at the time and the company found them too expensive to operate. Shawmut and Tremont were acquired by the United States Government through the agency of the Panama Railroad Company's Panama Railroad Steamship Line, whose assets were owned by the government and critical to construction of the canal, to serve between New York and the Atlantic terminus during canal construction. Both ships were renamed for features of the canal. Though not the first vessel to make a complete transit, Ancon made the first official and ceremonial transit with a delegation of some two hundred dignitaries aboard.
After the end of World War I the ship saw brief service from 28 March to 25 July 1919 as a commissioned United States Ship, USS Ancon, making two round trip voyages from the New York Port of Embarkation to France returning troops home. Ancon was returned to Panama Canal service and was in service with the canal until 1939 when the ship was sold to private parties known as the Permanente Steamship Company and renamed Permanente; the steamer was constructed by Maryland Steel, Sparrows Point, Maryland for the Boston Steamship Line as the SS Shawmut launched December 1901 and completed in 1902. The launch date is given as "today" in a piece in the New York Times datelined December 21, 1901 and published on 22 December while the journal Marine Engineering gives the date as 23 December. Shawmut was put into service by the Boston Steamship Company in association with the Northern Pacific and Great Northern Railways acting as booking agents with monthly passenger and freight sailings from Puget Sound ports of Tacoma and Seattle and Victoria, British Columbia to Yokohama and Moji, Japan.
Shawmut's maiden voyage led to questions about whether such large ships could be profitable with specific questions concerning larger ships being built by James J. Hill for trans Pacific trade; the ship had arrived in Seattle to begin loading for the voyage on 22 July 1902 sailing for Tacoma on 25 July to load cargo of lumber that had to be transshipped due to the fact the ship was too large to enter the lumber port, took until 22 August to load cargo from scattered origins. She sailed on 22 August with a stop at Seattle before proceeding to sea that night and reached Yokohama 12 September unloading a small consignment; the lumber was destined for Shanghai, but the ship was too large to reach the docks on arrival 20 September and had to unload by lighter taking until 13 October before departure for Hong Kong. On reaching Hong Kong 18 October where there was little cargo to load and only a small amount to carry on to Manila upon departure 8 November. By 22 November Shawmut was in Yokohama for a final stop before departure for Seattle on 23 November where she arrived 8 December, 139 days for the voyage.
The ship had carried a record breaking 13,000 tons of cargo, but returned with only about 2,500 tons and an estimated deficit of over $21,000 for the trip. There was speculation that Hill had used a Boston company to "experiment" on using large ships for the trade before committing his vessels; the ship had arrived in Yokohama early in the Russo-Japanese War reporting Japanese torpedo boats hundreds of miles at sea investigating all ships. She departed Yokohama with Jewish businessmen from the Russian port of Vladivostok, ordered out by Russian authorities and escaped through Korea where Japanese authorities had detained them before bringing them to Yokohama where they boarded Shawmut which had reached Seattle in late March; the ship was under close surveillance by Japanese "special service agents" who kept a guard at one passenger's door. Among the passengers bound for Seattle were 235 Filipinos on the way to the St. Louis World's Fair along with material for the Filipino and Japanese villages at the fair.
Shawmut sailed for Japan again on 16 July 1904 with 15,000 tons of cargo that included 900,000 pounds of canned beef destined for Kobe and was at sea when a cable from London instructed marine insurance agents to not accept risks on ships or cargoes for Japan for fear of seizure by belligerents. Shawmut had grounded off the coast of China in the fall of 1904 due to weather suffering loss of her rudder and suffering a double fracture to her stern frame and "spectacle" supports for her propellers but, after repair in an overseas dry dock, managed a return to home waters and one round trip before making permanent repairs; the replacement stern frame and propeller supports were built by the ship's original builder and sent to Seattle to meet the ship there in January 1905 for the permanent repair. Moran Brothers' Company of Seattle proposed to do the repairs using the only dry dock of sufficient size, the naval dry dock at Bremerton, but the Navy's charges were "exorbitant" and Moran devised a means of using their small floating dry dock to do the repairs by only lifting the stern of Shawmut using a cofferdam to seal and de-water the work space.
By 1907 predictions of economic trouble had become fact with Shawmut and Tremont withdrawn from Pacific service and replaced in the Philippine trade by the British firm of Andrew Weir and Company. The consequence, in the words of His Majesty's consul in Manila in his re
Ancón is a district of northern Lima Province in Peru. It is a popular beach resort, visited every summer by thousands of people from Lima. Established as a district on October 29, 1874, the current mayor of Ancón is John Barrera Bernui; the district's postal code is 2. Ancón is an important site in Peruvian archaeology; this was a fishing town and as a burying ground for pre-Inca Indigenous civilizations of Ancon-Supe, which flourished about 4,000 years ago as one of the oldest societies in Peruvian history. In Ancon, the ridges of gravel and sandy soil were littered with skulls and remnants of tattered handwoven cloth. Beneath the surface, grave robbers found mummified bodies with all the accompanying grave goods in shallow graves. In this region, the preservation of the bodies was due to the dry climate, reportedly, the saltpetre and other preservative elements contained in the soil. In the late 1800s, archaeologist digging here found bodies, sometimes tattooed, adorned with beads, copper earrings and bird feathers, swathed in richly colored blankets or cotton cloth, with jars of provisions beside them.
Tablets fashioned of cloth, stretched upon frames of wood and painted with figures and characters, described the virtues of the deceased. Pre-historic Ancón was a fishing village, so many handmade nets were found, along with baskets of woven fibre representing the industries of women; the extension of the railroad in 1870 to Chancay made the Necropolis of Ancón accessible to the day visitor. The geologists Reiss and Stubel conducted their excavations at Ancón during the period 1874-1875 because they feared the extent of digging there would deplete the site. In 1884 Stolpe conducted excavations at Ancon on behalf of the Museum of Ethnography in Stockholm. Modern buildings and old houses dating back to the 19th century can be found in the district's beach area. Ancón has a yacht club that exists since 1950; the Treaty of Ancón, that ended the War of the Pacific, was signed on October 20, 1883, ceding Tarapacá to Chile. The district has a total land area of 299.22 km2. Its administrative center is located 3 meters above sea level.
BoundariesNorth: Aucallama District East: Huamantanga District, Carabayllo District South: Santa Rosa and Puente Piedra, as well as Ventanilla in the Constitutional Province of Callao West: Pacific Ocean The district is divided into 2 populated centers: Ancón Piedras Gordas According to the 2005 census by the INEI, the district has 29,419 inhabitants, a population density of 98.3 persons/km² and 12,990 households. It is the 40th most populous district in Lima. Ancón used to be a deluxe upscale beach resort during the early 20th centuries, its sandy soil and dry atmosphere made it a welcome place for persons with pulmonary and bronchial affections. Besides the beach, in 1913, there was a tennis court, one or two hotels, many cottages; the train trip from Desamparados station in downtown Lima took about an hour and a half through dry desert. Administrative divisions of Peru
Ancon Hill is a 654-foot hill that overlooks Panama City, adjacent to the township of Ancón. Ancón Hill is an area in Panama, used for administration of the Panama Canal, it was under U. S. jurisdiction as part of the Panama Canal Zone until being returned to Panama in 1977. Undeveloped, the area is now a reserve; the hill includes the highest point in Panama City. The summit of the hill can be reached by a 30-minute hike. According to a local Ancon resident, at this time it is no longer possible to drive to the summit of Cerro Ancon. Undeveloped it includes jungle in an otherwise urban area, wildlife still survives cut off from other jungle areas, it is not uncommon to see sloths, white-nosed coati, nine-banded armadillos, Geoffroy's tamarins, or deer on Ancon Hill, which now has protected status. Its name is used as an acronym by a Panamanian environmental group, Asociación Nacional para la Conservación de la Naturaleza; the lower slopes contained Gorgas Hospital. Higher up were the residence of the Governor of the Canal Zone and Quarry Heights, where the United States Southern Command was located.
Quarry Heights was named for being adjacent to a large rock quarry on one side of the hill, which left a visible cliff face on one side. The hill contains. At the top are two broadcast towers and a small road that reaches them. One-way vehicular traffic is now allowed during daylight hours. Hikers can use the road to reach the summit, the hill is a popular jogging and hiking trek. Along the path, all manner of vegetation and birds can be seen, including a large number of orchids; when the pirate Henry Morgan sacked Panama City in 1671, his scouts first climbed Ancon Hill to gain knowledge of the local defenses. Ancon Hill overlooks the site of the new city, constructed after Morgan's destruction of the old one; the hill became part of the land taken to build the canal and a national symbol in 1906 after Amelia Denis de Icaza wrote her poem about its annexation. Today this hill still boasts a large national flag at its summit; the first ship to transit the Panama Canal in 1914, SS Ancon, took its name from the hill and surrounding township.
When Panama regained control of the hill following the 1977 Panama Canal Treaty, one of the first things the country did was fly a large Panamanian flag atop the hill. Protected areas of Panama Photos of the views from Ancon Hill Picture of Ancon Hill - showing contrast between the hill and surrounding urban area. Cerro Ancon - website dedicated to preserving Ancon Hill
USS Ancon (AGC-4)
USS Ancon was an ocean liner acquired by the United States Navy during World War II and converted to a combined headquarters and communications command ship. Ancon was launched on 24 September 1938 at Fore River Shipyard, Massachusetts, sponsored by Mrs. Harry Woodring, wife of the Secretary of War; the ship was owned and operated by the Panama Railroad Company, on 22 June 1939 she began cargo and passenger service between New York City, New York and Cristobal, Panama Canal Zone. The ship was taken over by the Army Transport Service on 11 January 1942 as USAT Ancon, she made two voyages to Australia carrying Army Air Corps units and elements of the 32nd Infantry Division to bolster that continent's defenses. She returned to San Francisco 18 June 1942 and was acquired by the Navy on 7 August 1942 and placed in commission at the Boston Navy Yard as Ancon on 12 August 1942, Lt. Comdr. D. H. Swinson in command. According to the diary of Edgar Roy Cochrun, United States Army, who had boarded the ship on 20 April, the Ancon departed San Francisco on its second voyage to Australia at 5:55 p.m. on Wednesday, 22 April 1942, not on 23 April.
Following her commissioning, Ancon underwent a month's work at Boston, being converted for naval service. On 12 September, she got underway for the Virginia Capes and, on arrival at Norfolk took on cargo and troops to transport to Baltimore, Maryland, she disembarked her passengers. She conducted trials and exercises in the Chesapeake Bay. After pausing at Norfolk to take on more troops and equipment, she left the East Coast on 24 October, sailing for North Africa as a member of Transport Division 9, Amphibious Force, Atlantic Fleet. Ancon anchored off Fedhala, French Morocco on 8 November and began lowering her boats at 0533; the first troops were debarked an hour later. During the course of the assault, men on the ship witnessed the sinking of four other transports, Ancon sent out boats to rescue their survivors. On 12 November the transport headed out and, three days put into Casablanca harbor, she got underway on the 15th with a convoy bound for Norfolk. After a brief pause there, Ancon traveled to New York for voyage repairs.
A brief period of sea trials preceded the ship's loading cargo and troops for transportation to Algeria. She sailed on 14 January 1943 as a member of the Naval Transport Service; the ship reached Oran on the 26th and spent five days discharging her cargo before heading back toward New York City, where she arrived on 13 February. On that day, the vessel was reassigned to the Atlantic Fleet Amphibious Forces. On the 16th, Ancon entered the Norfolk Navy Yard, Virginia, to undergo conversion to a combined headquarters and communications command ship, she was redesignated AGC-4 on 26 February. Following the completion of the yard work on 21 April, Ancon held trials and exercises in the Chesapeake Bay through May and into early June when she was designated the flagship of the Commander of the Atlantic Fleet Amphibious Forces; the ship got underway for Oran on 8 June with Task Force 85. The ship had been selected to participate in the invasion of Sicily, her preparations continued after her arrival at Oran on 22 June.
Carrying Rear Admiral Alan G. Kirk, Commander, TF 85, Lieutenant General Omar Bradley on board, Ancon sailed on 5 July for the waters off Sicily, she lowered her boats early that morning. Despite enemy fire, the ship remained off Scoglitti providing communications services through the 12th and got underway to return to North Africa. At the end of a fortnight there, she shifted to Algeria, on 29 July. In mid-August, the vessel moved to Algiers. During her periods in port, she prepared for the upcoming invasion of mainland Italy for which she had been designated flagship for the Commander of the 8th Fleet Amphibious Forces in Northwest African Waters. On 6 September, Ancon got underway for Salerno. During the operation, the ship carried Lieutenant General Mark Wayne Clark who commanded the 5th Army. At 0330 on 9 September, the first wave of Allied troops hit the beach. Thereafter, she remained in the transport area, undergoing nearly continuous enemy air harassment, until she moved to Palermo, Sicily, to pick up ammunition to replenish her sister ships.
She returned to the area off Salerno on the 15th but, the next day, arrived back in Palermo. After two weeks in that Sicilian port, Ancon shaped a course for Algiers, she reached that port on 2 October and spent six weeks undergoing repairs and replenishment. In mid-November, she set sail for the United Kingdom and, on 25 November, arrived in Devonport, where she was designated the flagship of the 11th Amphibious Force. An extended period of repairs and preparations for the impending invasion of France kept Ancon occupied through the winter and much of the spring participating in numerous training exercises with other Allied warships. On 25 May, King George VI of the United Field Marshal Montgomery visited the ship. U. S. military advisor George Elsey wrote that during the trip that a junior officer refused to admit the King into the ship's intelligence centre because, as he explained to a superior officer, "...nobody told me he was a BIGOT." The codeword signified personnel cleared to know the top-secret details of Overlord.
The preparations culminated on 5 June, when Ancon got underway for Baie de la France. She served as flagship for the assault forces that landed on Omaha Beach in Norman