Arbus is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of southwestern France. The inhabitants of the commune are known as Arbusiens or Arbusiennes Arbus is located in the urban area of Pau 15 km to the north-west of the city and some 35 km south-east of Orthez on the south bank of the Gave de Pau. Access to the commune is on the D2 road from Laroin in the south-east passing through the north of the commune to Abos in the north-west. Access to the village is by the D804 running off the D2 in the commune and continuing to Artiguelouve in the south-east and by the D229 from the village to Parbayse in the south-west; the commune is mixed forest and farmland with large forests in the west and south-east. Located in the Drainage basin of the Adour, the Gave de Pau flows through the northern part of the commune with some of its tributaries flowing through the rest of the commune: the Juscle and Baise Lasseube, as well as their tributaries, the Sibé stream, the old Canal du Moulin, itself joined in the commune by the Arrious stream.
The commune name in béarnais is Arbús. According to Michel Grosclaude, there is an aquitane root *arb-, meaning "grass", a collective suffix -untz giving a meaning of "a place where there is grass"; the following table details the origins of the commune name and other names in the commune. Sources: Raymond: Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, 1863, on the page numbers indicated in the table. Grosclaude: Toponymic Dictionary of communes, Béarn, 2006 Cassini: Cassini Map from 1750Origins: Barcelona: Titles of Barcelona. Orthez: Cartulary of Orthez. Census: Census of Béarn Terrier: Terrier of Arbus. Paul Raymond on page 5 of his 1863 dictionary noted that in 1385 Arbus had 40 fires and depended on the bailiwick of Pau; the town was a dependency of the Marquisate of Gassion. List of Successive Mayors The commune of Arbus is part of eight inter-communal structures: the Community of communes of Miey de Béarn. In 2009 the commune had 1,098 inhabitants; the evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793.
From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year. Population change Sources: Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 The commune is part of the Appellation d'origine contrôlée zone of Winemakers of Jurançon and of Béarn and in the AOC zone for Ossau-iraty; the Parish Church of Saint-Mamer is registered as an historical monument. The town has a primary school. Arnaud II of Arbus from 1303 to 1320 was Bishop of Lescar. Pommiès André, born in 1904 at Bordeaux and died in 1972 at Arbus was a French military Hero of the Resistance. Georges Lapassade, born in 1924 at Arbus and died in 2008 at Stains, was a philosopher and French sociologist. Communes of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department Arbus official website Community of communes of Miey de Béarn website Arbus page Arbus on Lion1906 Arbus on Google Maps Arbus on Géoportail, National Geographic Institute website Arbus on the 1750 Cassini Map Arbus on the INSEE website INSEE
Anhaux is a French commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of south-western France in the former province of Lower Navarre. The inhabitants of the commune are known as Anhauztar. Anhaux is located some 10 km south of Ossès. Access to the commune is by country roads branching from the D15 road passing to the north of the commune; the commune consists of farmland in the north with the southern part more rugged and hilly. The commune is located in the drainage basin of the Adour; the Ontzeroneker erreka' - a tributary of the Nive d'Arnéguy - with many tributaries rising in the commune forms the southern border with Lasse commune. A right tributary of the Berroko erreka, the Aparraineko erreka flows down from the Artzaïnharria; the Napoleonic land registry divided the commune into 16 districts in 1840: Districts in Section A called The Village Districts in Section B called Honçaron Heguy was an old district, extending that of Choubitoa. Today, the following localities are listed: The commune name in basque is Anhauze.
Brigitte Jobbé-Duval proposed a basque origin of ona-oz, meaning "place of the hill". The following table details the origins of the commune name and other names in the commune. Sources: Grosclaude: Toponymic Dictionary of communes, Béarn, 2006 Raymond: Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, 1863, on the page numbers indicated in the table. Origins: Mérimée: Presentation of the Commune Pamplona: Titles of Pamplona Biscay: Martin Biscay Collations: Collations of the Diocese of Bayonne Anhaux village is one of eleven hamlets or villages which were in the Baigorry Valley. In the Middle Ages, the eleven hamlets were: Ascarat, Moussourits, Irouleguy, Leispars, Oticoren and Anhauz, all in the north of the valley; the south was not populated until much later. Despite sounding Basque, the name of this village seems to defy all analysis; the oldest document known on which the name Anhaux appears is now the cartulary of the abbey of Saint-Jean of Sorde where it appears in the 10th century.
Father Haristoy in his book Research on the Basque Country noted that recorded in this cartulary were: "1068-1072 Oz Guilhem de Onotz and his wife received from Saint-Jean a piece of land located at Anhaux subject to they and their successors providing security and seven loaves, one pig, one pint of wine, two measures of provisions". The Benedictine Abbey in question was founded in the 9th century north-east of Navarre, it was, as with all the monasteries at the time, a vast agricultural area spread along the mountain streams in Orthe country and lower Navarre and, according to the two cited references, in the parish of Anhaux. It was around 1023 that King Sancho III of Navarre founded the fief of the Viscounty of Baigory in favour of Garcias Lop, related; the creation of the hamlet itself, on the viscounts' lands, therefore dates back to this period. Thus from the 11th century the status of houses at Anhaux was defined by the writer Jean-Baptiste Orpustan, he provided a list of houses existing in the Middle Ages in Anhaux.
This document was created from the archives from 1350, 1366, 1412. Of the twenty-eight houses found there, four were noble, the others were fivatiéres which means that they paid a fee in crops, work, or money and were built on the land of the "Lord" of the main house; the successive Viscounts of Baigorry of Echaux enjoyed the tithes of the village until their liquidation in 1792. The arms Anhaux are those of the Apesteguy family, they were adopted by the municipal council on 30 July 1993. Pierre Haristoy wrote that the Apesteguy were lords of Jaureguia and of Anhaux and nominated the priest for the area. In deeds before 1670 several of the Apesteguy appear as noble. Towards 1720 Jean-Pierre d'Apesteguy was received by the States of Navarre; the house of Apesteguia was, until the 18th century, the Lay Abbey for the area. Its members played an important role in the valley until the end of the 19th century; the Cassini map, made in the 18th century shows a parish consisting of: the village of Anhaux with a parish church.
List of Successive Mayors Anhaux commune participates in eight inter-communal structures: the Community of communes of Garazi-Baigorri. In 2009 the commune had 286 inhabitants; the evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year. Population change Sources: Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 The commune is part of the Appellation d'origine contrôlée of Irouléguy and the AOC of Ossau-iraty. Economic activity is princip
Arbonne is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of southwestern France. The inhabitants of the commune are known as Arbonars Arbonne is located some 6 km south of Biarritz and 3 km east of Bidart, it is located in the former province of Labourd. Access to the commune is by road D255 from Biarritz in the north passing through the village and continuing south to Saint-Pée-sur-Nivelle; the D655 goes to Ahetze. The A63 autoroute has no access from the commune. In the south of the commune is the hamlet of Le Hameau d'Arbonne; the rest of the commune is farmland with patches of forest in the north. Located in the drainage basin of the Adour, the commune is traversed by the Uhabia, a small coastal river that flows into the ocean at Bidart, its tributaries: the Zirikolatzeko erreka and the Ruisseau d'Argelos; the Ruisseau de Pemartin flows through the commune and there is an extensive network of streams throughout the commune. The commune name in Basque is Arbona.
Brigitte Jobbé-Duval indicated that'Arbona meant "place of tree stumps". The following table details the origins of the commune name and other names in the commune. Sources: Raymond: Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, 1863, on the page numbers indicated in the table. Origins: Bayonne: Cartulary of Bayonne or Livre d'Or Collations: Collations of the Diocese of Bayonne Chapter: Titles of the Chapter of Bayonne Intendance: Intendance of Pau The oldest lord of Arbonne whose names are known are from the Sault family, Viscounts of Labourd. At the end of the 14th century the lordship was owned by the Saint-Julien family and in 1408 to the Amezqueta family; the Act of 4 March 1790, which determined the new administrative landscape of France by creating departments and districts, created the Department of Basses-Pyrénées to bring together Béarn, the Gascon lands in Bayonne and Bidache, three French Basque provinces. For these three provinces three districts were created: Mauléon, Saint-Palais, Ustaritz which replaced the Bailiwick of Labourd.
The seat of Ustaritz was transferred immediately to Bayonne. Its Directorate pushed many municipalities into adopting new names conforming to the spirit of the Revolution. Arbonne was called Constante, Ustaritz became Marat-sur-Nive, Itxassou Union, Saint-Étienne-de-Baïgorry Thermopyles, Saint-Palais Mont-Bidouze, Saint-Jean-Pied-de-Port Nive-Franche, Louhossoa Montagne-sur-Nive, Saint-Jean-de-Luz Chauvin-Dragon, Ainhoa Mendiarte, Souraïde Mendialde. List of Successive Mayors Mayors from 1943 Arbonne is part of nine inter-communal structures: the Agglomération Sud Pays Basque; the commune is part of the Eurocité basque Bayonne-San Sebastian. In 2009 the commune had 1,993 inhabitants; the evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year. Population change Sources: Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 The commune is part of the Appellation d'origine contrôlée zone of Ossau-iraty.
According to the Map of the Seven Basque Provinces by Prince Louis-Lucien Bonaparte the basque dialect spoken in Arbonne is northern Upper Navarrese The commune has two buildings that are registered as historical monuments: The Church of Saint-Laurent. It is of a medium size with an arched Bell-gable characteristic of Labourd religious buildings; some old Hilarri are visible in the cemetery. The old Benoîterie d'Arbonne The Benoîterie was the residence of the Benoîte or guardian of the church and cemetery and is now the venue for exhibitions. HealthThe commune has a general practitioner, three nurses, a speech therapist, a physiotherapist, a dentist - all in the village centre. EducationArbonne has two primary schools, one public and one private Jean Borotra - called the Basque bondissant, born in 1898 at Biarritz and died in 1994 at Arbonne, a tennis player and French politician Bernard Béreau, born in 1940 at Arbonne and died in 2005, he was a French footballer Marie-Michèle Beaufils, born in 1949 at Arbonne, she is a contemporary writer Communes of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department Arbonne, Collective work under the direction of Hubert Lamant-Duhart, Ekaina, 1988 Arbonne official website ARBONA in the Bernardo Estornés Lasa - Auñamendi Encyclopedia Arbonne on Lion1906 Arbonne on Google Maps Arbonne on Géoportail, National Geographic Institute website Arbonne on the 1750 Cassini Map Arbonne on the INSEE website INSEE
Abidos is a French commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in southwestern France. Abidos is a Béarnais commune located some 13 km south-east of Orthez and 4 km north of Mourenx on the south side of the Gave de Pau. Access to the commune is by the D31 road from Le Bourguet in the north turning west in the commune to access the village and continuing southwest to join the D9; the D33 road from Noguères in the southeast passes through the commune east of the village and joins the D31 as it turns west. The commune has an industrial area in the southwest with the rest of the commune farmland; the Gave de Pau forms the north-eastern border of the commune and passes through the northern corner of the commune as it flows north-west to join the Gave d'Oloron at Peyrehorade. The Baïse river flows through the centre of the commune from the southeast and joins the Gave de Pau in the commune; the Luzoué flows from the southeast through the west of the commune to join the Gave de Pau.
Bastia Bernacheyre Chalosse Joanlong Pleasure Us The name Abidos appears in the forms: Avitos in the 11th century, Pierre de Marca and around 1100 and in the Cartulary of the Abbey of Lucq. Avitoss was another form around 1100, Cartulary of the Abbey of Lucq-de-Béarn. *Avezos appeared around 1100 in the Cartulary of the Abbey of Lucq-de-Béarn Avidoos in the 13th century in the Fors de Béarn Sent-Sadarnii of Abidos in 1344 Notaries of Pardies Bidos and Bydos in 1548, Reformation of Béarn Abidos on the Cassini Map of 1750Michel Grosclaude offers a Latin etymology of Avitus plus the Aquitaine suffix -ossum "domain of Avitus". Its name in Béarnais is Avidos. Paul Raymond notes that in 1385, Abidos had 18 fires and depended on the bailiwicks of Lagor and Pardies. Abidos had a castle with an attached door across the Pau river. List of Successive Mayors of Abidos Abidos is a member of seven inter-communal organisations: the community of communes of Lacq SIVU for the development and management of the river basin of Baïses AEP union for water and Baise.
Population change Sources: Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 The 2006 classification by INSEE, indicated that the median household incomes for each municipality with more than 50 households classed Abidos to rank at No. 10,338, with an average income of €17,174. The town is part of the zone designation of Ossau-iraty. There is an old chapel at Abidos castle. An arboretum created by the community of communes of Lacq and the Abengoa BioEnergy France company, is located behind the village hall. Found in Abydos, a mill with its canal; the path of Naöu means an unencumbered way along the Pau river. The commune has a school with two classrooms for primary school, a school canteen, a library; the town has a sports field in the centre with a football field, basketball court, volleyball court, tennis courts. There is a sports hall equipped for basketball and Basque pelota. Lastly there is a roller skate park for BMX edge of the Baise. Raoul Vergez was born in Abidos on 3 August 1908 and died in Senlis on 7 July 1977.
He was writer and journalist. Known by the name of "Béarnais, the friend of the Tour de France", he left an important mark on the work of the Companions in France, he reported from the United States during a trip in 1952, some special techniques for companion carpenters. Communes of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department Abidos on Géoportail, National Geographic Institute website Abidos on the 1750 Cassini Map Abidos on the INSEE website INSEE
Ance is a former commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France. On 1 January 2017, it was merged into the new commune Ance Féas. Communes of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department INSEE commune file
Aast is a French commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in southwestern France. The inhabitants are known as Aastais; the local pronunciation is aas with a nasalised'a' and a silent't'. The village is composed of a dozen scattered houses. Aast is 20 km north of Lourdes. Access to the commune is by road D70 D311 north-east from Gardères, road D64 north-west from Ger, road D311 when coming south from Ponson-Dessus. Other country roads can be used to access the commune. Located in the Drainage basin of the Adour, Aast is traversed by the Carbouère stream, a tributary of the Louet river. Aast is the first French commune in alphabetical order. Aas, another commune in the Lower Pyrenees, came first until 1861, when it merged with the commune of Assouste to form the new commune of Eaux-Bonnes; the commune's Béarnais name is Aast. According to Dauzat and Rostaing Aast comes from the Basque ast; this seems unlikely given the physical setting. Michel Grosclaude suggests that the name of the town derives from an anthroponym composed of Aner + Aster.
Brigitte Jobbé-Duval recalls that in 1429, Aast appeared as Hast, which means lance, therefore advanced the theory that Aast could refer to a battle that occurred there. The following table details the origins of the commune name. Sources: Raymond: Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, 1863, on the page numbers indicated in the table. Cassini: Cassini Map from 1750Origins: Census: Census of Montaner Reformation: Reformation of Béarn There was a Lay Abbey in Aast, abolished in 1791; the Lordship of Aast was owned by the Day family from 1674 until the French Revolution. In 1678, Jérome de Day, adviser to the king, bought the abbey and tithes with rights of patronage: he was to provide a priest and entitled to receive a portion of the tithe, to sit in the choir, to be first to receive the blessed bread, to be buried in the church. List of Successive Mayors of Aast Mayors from 1942 Population change Sources: Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 The 2006 classification by INSEE, indicating the median household incomes for each commune with more than 50 households ranked Aast at 5274, with an average annual income of €18,858.
The town has a number of old farmhouses: The Fray Farmhouse A Farmhouse at Bayet Houses and Farms The Church of Saint Martin dedicated to Saint Martin of Tours was built under Napoleon III during the administration of Mayor Bartholomew Lassus. Renovated by the artist Villarubias, there are many objects in the church registered as historical objects: A Processional Lantern A Thurible A Pail for holy water A Painting: Christ on the cross with the Virgin, Saint Madeleine and Saint Martin 2 Paintings: Saint Martin Bishop, the Charity of St. Martin Statue: Saint Joseph Altar Pulpit A Pulpit 2 Altars and Tabernacles The Main Altar 5 stained glass windows by Henri Gesta The Furniture in the Church Communes of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department Aast on Lion1906 Aast on the 1750 Cassini Map Aast on the INSEE website INSEE
Nouvelle-Aquitaine is the largest administrative region in France, located in the southwest of the country. The region was created by the territorial reform of French Regions in 2014 through the merger of three regions: Aquitaine and Poitou-Charentes, it covers 84,061 km2 – or 1⁄8 of the country – and has 5,800,000 inhabitants.. The new region was established on 1 January 2016, following the regional elections in December 2015, it is the largest region in France by area, with a territory larger than that of Austria. Its largest city, together with its suburbs and satellite cities, forms the 7th-largest metropolitan area of France, with 850,000 inhabitants; the region has 25 major urban areas, among which the most important after Bordeaux are Bayonne, Poitiers, La Rochelle, as well as 11 major clusters. The growth of its population marked on the coast, makes this one of the most attractive areas economically in France. After Île-de-France, New Aquitaine is the premier French region in research and innovation, with five universities and several Grandes Ecoles.
The agricultural region of Europe with the greatest turnover, it is the French region with the most tourism jobs, as it has three of the four historic resorts on the French Atlantic coast:, as well as several ski resorts, is the fifth French region for business creation. Its economy is based on agriculture and viticulture, tourism, a powerful aerospace industry, digital economy and design and pharmaceutical industries, financial sector, industrial ceramics. Many companies specializing in surfing and related sports have located along the coast; the new region includes major parts of Southern France, marked by Basque, Oïl cultures. It is the "indirect successor" to medieval Aquitaine, extends over a large part of the former Duchy of Eleanor of Aquitaine; the region's interim name Aquitaine-Limousin-Poitou-Charentes was a hyphenated placename, known as ALPC, created by hyphenating the merged regions' names – Aquitaine and Poitou-Charentes – in alphabetical order. In June 2016, a working group headed by historian Anne-Marie Cocula, a former vice president of Aquitaine, proposed the name "Nouvelle Aquitaine".
The decision came after the popular favorite, "Aquitaine", faced resistance by regional politicians from Limousin and Poitou-Charentes. The other popular favorite, "Grande Aquitaine," was rejected for its connotation with a feeling of superiority. Alain Rousset, president of the region, concurred with the working group's conclusion, reaffirming that he considered the acronym "ALPC" no choice at all. For those deploring the loss of "Limousin" and "Poitou-Charentes", he noted that the predecessor region of Aquitaine subsumed the identities of the Périgord or the Pays Basque, which did not disappear during its 40 years of operation. On 27 June 2016, just a few days ahead of the 1 July deadline, the Regional council unanimously adopted Nouvelle-Aquitaine as the region's permanent name. France's Conseil d'État approved Nouvelle-Aquitaine as the new name of the region on 28 September 2016, effective two days later. For the recent history of each former administrative regions and departments before 2016, For the history of past entities covering much of the area of the region before the French revolution, At 84,061 square kilometers, the region Nouvelle-Aquitaine is larger than French Guiana, which makes it the largest region in France.
Nouvelle-Aquitaine is delimited by four other French regions, three autonomous communities in Spain to the south, the North Atlantic Ocean to the west. Nouvelle-Aquitaine comprises twelve departments: Charente, Charente-Maritime, Corrèze, Dordogne, Landes, Lot-et-Garonne, Pyrénées-Atlantiques, Deux-Sèvres and Haute-Vienne, its largest city and only metropolis is Bordeaux, in the heart of an urban agglomeration of nearly one million inhabitants. Taking into consideration the urban area, the new region is home to six of the fifty largest metropolitan areas of French territory: Bordeaux Bayonne Limoges Poitiers Pau La Rochelle. In addition, the region has a network of medium towns scattered throughout its territory, including: Angoulême Agen Brive-la-Gaillarde Niort Périgueux Bergerac Villeneuve-sur-Lot Dax Mont-de-Marsan The region covers a large part of the Aquitaine Basin and a small portion of the Paris Basin and the Limousin plate and the western part of the Pyrenees, it is part of five watersheds facing the Atlantic Ocean: Loire, Charente and Dordogne (and their extension, the