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Donald Gray

Donald Gray was a South African actor, well known for his starring role in the British TV series Mark Saber,:920 for providing the voices of Colonel White, Captain Black and the Mysterons in Captain Scarlet and the Mysterons, for being the reason that Donald Marshall Gray changed his name to Charles Gray when he became an actor. Not coincidentally, in some spin-off media Colonel White's real name is stated to be Charles Grey. Gray was born in South Africa. In 1933, film company Paramount Pictures wanted to re-juvenate and diversify its contract players, launched a competition known as the "Search for Beauty". Elred Tidbury entered in his native South Africa and was selected with Lucille du Toit, a dental nurse from Pretoria, as one of the winners. Colin Tapley, who would appear opposite Gray in the TV series Mark Saber, was the New Zealand male winner. In total, there were 30 finalists worldwide, who were screen-tested over six weeks at the end of 1933. Of the 30, bit player contracts were awarded to 10, Tidbury was selected as the overall male winner with a bonus of US$1,000, with which he bought a car.

The overall female winner was Scottish actress Gwenllian Gill, who followed Tidbury to Britain and became engaged to him. All the winners appeared in the 1933 film Search for Beauty, whose distribution was complicated by a ruling that it violated the Hays Code. Paramount kept Tidbury's contact during 1934. By late 1935, he had re-appeared in Britain under the name Don Tidbury, by the following year was calling himself Donald Gray, he became an engineering salesman selling a boiler preparation, acted in repertory theatre, appeared in several films for Paramount's UK subsidiary, British & Dominions Film Corporation. In 1936, he encountered director Albert Parker and was given the leading role in Strange Experiment after James Mason quit the production. In 1938, he was chosen as the young lead in Alexander Korda's film The Four Feathers, appeared in other films before returning to repertory theatre in Aberdeen, Scotland in 1939 and 1940. Turned down for military service due to a duodenal ulcer, Gray managed to enlist in the Gordon Highlanders, who had their barracks in Aberdeen, succeeded in becoming what he called an "ordinary Jock".

In 1941, he was commissioned into the King's Own Scottish Borderers, becoming battalion education officer at Llanberis in North Wales. Gray left the Army to appear with Dame Vera Lynn in the film We'll Meet Again. In 1944, he was injured by a German anti-tank shell in Caen and his left arm was amputated. After the war, Gray toured South Africa with his own repertory company, appeared in other films, was contracted by the BBC's radio repertory company, he left to appear in Saturday Island and returned to the BBC, this time as a continuity announcer. Gray starred as the one-armed detective Mark Saber in the British TV series of the same name, which ran for 156 episodes from 1955 to 1961, it was titled Mark Saber, or The Vise:1144 in the United States, but was known as Saber of London and Detective's Diary. In 1957, The Vise was renamed and transferred from ABC to NBC under the new title Saber of London. Following Mark Saber, Gray appeared in episodes of Dixon of Emmerdale Farm. In his years, his voice, based on that of fellow South African actor Basil Rathbone, brought him work in voice-overs and the TV series Captain Scarlet and the Mysterons.

Trevor Jordan's biography of Gray, Colonel White Meets Mark Saber, was being revised for release in 2012. Search for Beauty - South Africa Talent Contestant Come On, Marines! - Marine Wagon Wheels - Chauncey Father Brown, Detective - Don Here Is My Heart - Young Yacht Guest Rumba - Watkins Well Done, Henry - Jimmy Dale The Belles of St. Clements - Albert de Courcey Strange Experiment - James Martin Murder in the Family - Ted Fleming 13 Men and a Gun - Johann Sword of Honour - Stukely The Four Feathers - Peter Burroughs We'll Meet Again - Bruce McIntosh The Idol of Paris - Police Inspector Saturday Island - William Peck The Diamond - Commander Gilles Burnt Evidence - Jimmy Thompson The End of the Affair - Party guest, seen in the mirror kissing Sarah Timeslip - Robert Maitland The Quatermass Xperiment - TV Announcer Mark Saber Flight From Vienna - Col. George Gordon The Secret Tent - Chris Martyn Supersonic Saucer - Headmaster Satellite in the Sky - Capt. Ross Around the World in Eighty Days - Extra Schemer Out of the Shadow - Inspector Wills Captain Scarlet and the Mysterons - The Mysterons / Colonel White / Captain Black Donald Gray on IMDb

Carmen Chaplin

Carmen Chaplin is a British and Irish actress and film director. She is the daughter of Michael Chaplin, granddaughter of Charlie Chaplin, great-granddaughter of playwright Eugene O'Neill, her mother is the British and Irish painter Patricia Betaudier, daughter of Trinidadian artist Patrick Betaudier. She was born 1972 in London to actor Michael Chaplin and his second wife Patricia Betaudier, was raised in France and Spain, she made her film debut in Wim Wenders' Until the End of the World, has since appeared in several films, such as My Favourite Season, The Serpent's Kiss, All About the Benjamins. She has directed one short film, Tryst in Paname, starring her sister Dolores Chaplin and Bambou Gainsbourg. Carmen Chaplin on IMDb

Spirostachys africana

Spirostachys africana is a medium-sized deciduous tree with a straight, clear trunk, occurring in the warmer parts of Southern Africa. Its wood is known as tamboti, tambootie or tambuti, it prefers growing in single-species copses in deciduous woodland along watercourses or on brackish flats and sandy soils. The leaves are small, elliptic with crenate margins, turn bright red in winter before dropping; the petiole has 2 small glands at the distal end. The grey-black rough bark is distinctively split into neat rectangles; the catkin-like flowers appear in early spring before the leaves. Male and female flowers are borne separately on the same tree; the small 3-lobed capsules or schizocarps split into three equal indehiscent segments when ripe. The seeds are globose with a chartaceous testa. Despite its being prone to heart-rot, it is prized in the furniture industry for its beautiful and durable timber, reddish-brown with darker streaks, a satin-like lustre and fragrant sweet, spicy smell; the underbark exudes a white, poisonous latex when freshly cut, campfires that burn tambuti fuel give off noxious fumes contaminating meat or other food grilled on the open flames or coals.

The latex is used as a fish poison, is applied to arrow-tips and is used as a purgative by indigenous tribes. The fruits while green are parasitised by the small grey moth Emporia melanobasis. Larvae develop within the growing fruits; when the fruits are mature each splits into 3 cocci. The larvae jack-knife inside the fallen segments, causing them to move about erratically and vigorously, to the surprise of the uninitiated; this has led to the name "jumping bean tree". The Mexican jumping bean, Sebastiania sp. belongs to the family Euphorbiaceae and is parasitised by the moth Cydia deshaisiana. Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of Southern and Eastern Africa - John Mitchell Watt & Maria Gerdina Breyer-Brandwyk "Spirostachys africana". Plantz Afrika. Retrieved 2010-03-04. List of Southern African indigenous trees

Rougham Airfield

Rougham Airfield Royal Air Force Station Bury St Edmunds or more RAF Bury St Edmunds is a former Royal Air Force station located 3 miles east of Bury St Edmunds, England. It is not to be confused with the RAF grass strip on the western side of Bury St Edmunds known as RAF Westley, an area now part of the town itself; the airfield, now in private ownership and much reduced in size, is still active and is known as Rougham Airfield. The airfield was and is now again known as Rougham as it is located north of that village between the A14 and the main railway line between Bury St Edmunds and Ipswich, it was built during 1942 with three intersecting concrete runways. The main runway of 2,000 yards was aligned E–W, it saw extensive use during the Second World War. With the end of military control, Bury St Edmunds airfield's concreted areas were broken up with most of the site being returned to agriculture; the old technical site has been developed into the Rougham Industrial Estate. The T2 hangars are still for storage.

The control tower, used for many years as a private dwelling, has now been restored and is used as a museum. The airfield, once again known as Rougham, now has two grass runways available for civil use. Gliding and model aircraft flying are frequent and several open-air events are organised each year. Skyward Flight Training now operate from Rougham Airfield List of former Royal Air Force stations This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/. Freeman, R. Airfields of the Eighth - Now. After the Battle. London, UK: Battle of Britain International Ltd. 2001. ISBN 0-9009-13-09-6. Maurer, M. Air Force Combat Units Of World War II. USAF Historical Division. Washington D. C. USA: Zenger Publishing Co. Inc, 1980. ISBN 0-89201-092-4. Www.controltowers.co.uk Bury St Edmunds mighty8thaf.preller.us Bury St. Edmunds USAAS-USAAC-USAAF-USAF Aircraft Serial Numbers--1908 to present 94th Bomb Group website 322d Bomb Group website Rougham Tower Association Rougham Airfield Underground Battle HQ photos First person accounts of 4 crewman's bailout from 94BG, 333BS B-17 "Pride of the Yanks" photos

AND1

AND1 is an American footwear and clothing company specializing in basketball shoes and sporting goods. AND1 was founded on August 13, 1993, on the grounds of "All ball, nothing more". AND1 focuses on basketball, it is a subsidiary of the Sequential Brands Group. AND1 continues to sponsor NBA athletes, as well as numerous high AAU teams in America. In 1993, AND1 began as a graduate school project partnership of Jay Coen Gilbert, Seth Berger, Tom Austin while they were graduate students at the University of Pennsylvania's Wharton School; the company name is derived from a phrase used by basketball broadcasters: when a player is fouled during shooting and makes the basket, they are given the points and a single shot opportunity from the free throw line. The brand caught fire right away. Early advertising strategies, used to distinguish their products from others, included other basketball slogans and trash talk, such as "Pass. Save Yourself The Embarrassment", it marketed itself towards the “ballers”, those who hone their craft on streets and always think they’re the best player on the court.

The t-shirts started off in Foot Locker, within the second year of launching, it reached 1,500 stores across America. In mid of 1996, NBA star Stephon Marbury became the first spokesman for AND1. With Marbury’s signing, AND1 launched its first pair of basketball sneakers expanding the brand into the footwear category. Marbury was named to the All-Rookie Team in ‘97. In late 1998, a videotape containing streetball stunts was delivered to AND1 by Marquise Kelly, coach of the Benjamin Cardozo High school team in Queens, New York; the tape contained low quality camera moves, poor resolution and nearly indecipherable audio featuring a streetballer by the name of Rafer Alston. At the time, Alston was a student at Fresno State; the videotape would soon be known as the "Skip tape", referring to Alston's streetball nickname "Skip to my Lou". Alston signed on with AND1. In 1999 at Haverford College in Philadelphia, AND1 shot their first series of commercials and print ads incorporating NBA players Darrell Armstrong, Rex Chapman, Ab Osondu, Raef LaFrentz, Toby Bailey, Miles Simon.

When the traditional marketing campaign proved unsuccessful, a strategy was formed to use the "Skip tape". It was edited and reprinted into 50,000 copies, over the next eight weeks, distributed across basketball camps, record labels; the tape would become the first "Mix Tape", made Alston into a celebrity. When AND1 became a product partner with FootAction, this strategy evolved into a national program. Starting in the summer of 1999, a free AND1 Mix Tape was given with any purchase. 200,000 tapes were distributed in the span of 3 weeks, making this promotion one of the most successful in U. S. retail history. Filmmakers were sent across the country to capture and find the next streetball legend. Beginning with the Marbury signing and the Rafer Alston discovery two years AND1 began to recruit more and more NBA players to wear their product, a major power play in competing with the bigger brands, such as Nike and Adidas. Players like Latrell Sprewell, Kevin Garnett and Jamal Crawford brought AND1 into the national spotlight and helped them secure shelf space in major footwear retailers, such as Foot Locker and FootAction.

By the 2001 season, AND1 was second only to Nike in market share among NBA endorsees, a big part of them soon becoming the second largest basketball brand in the United States, only eight years after their inception. AND1 is famous for the shoe known as the Tai Chi, famously worn by Vince Carter during the 2000 Slam Dunk Contest, where he put on one of the greatest NBA Slam Dunk Contest showings of all time; the AND1 summer tours had been going on from 1999, but in 2002, with the release of Mixtape 3, AND1 expanded their annual streetball tours into the Mixtape Tour. Legendary streetballers such as “Hot Sauce” and “The Professor” would go from court to court to challenge the greatest streetballers in one-on-one’s, entertaining fans and providing much of the footage for the ensuing Mixtapes; the streetballers who prevailed through the end of the summer tours would receive endorsement deals from AND1. From 2002 through 2008, the tours were televised live on ESPN under the name “Streetball” and competed with ESPN’s “SportsCenter” for the highest ratings.

The summer tours began in America but soon branched into more than 30 countries, giving them international fame and promoting the sale of their products in 130 countries and territories. One of the most prominent appearances of AND1’s sneakers, aside from Vince’s dunk contest, was when Detroit Piston Chauncy Billups took home the MVP honors during the 2004 NBA Finals, wearing the AND1 Rise’s; the mid-top sneakers’ clean and aggressive look matched “Mr. Big Shot” Billups’ game perfectly. In the Rises, Billups would average 21 points and 5 rebounds in the series, leading the Pistons to their first championship in 14 years and picking up the MVP award in the process. AND1 apparel and footwear had first appeared in the digital arena on Street Hoops in 2002, but in 2006 the brand made its entrance into the category, partnering with UBISOFT to release its first video game, AND1 Streetball. A mobile version was released by Gameloft; the game featured a story mode mirroring AND1’s "Streetball" series on ESPN, where players were able to create their own basketball player and enter him in the AND 1 Mix Tape Tour in order to get a contract with the AND 1 team.

Along the way, players were able to create their own stylized trick moves and pull them off with a two-analog stick sy