The Cure are an English rock band formed in Crawley in 1976. The band has experienced several line-up changes, with vocalist and principal songwriter Robert Smith being the only constant member; the Cure first began releasing music in the late 1970s with their debut album Three Imaginary Boys. During the early 1980s, the band's dark and tormented music was a staple of the emerging style of music known as gothic rock. Following the release of the album Pornography in 1982, the band's future was uncertain. Smith was keen to move past the gloomy reputation his band had acquired, introducing a greater pop sensibility into the band's music. Songs such as "Let's Go to Bed", "Just Like Heaven", "Lovesong", "Friday I'm in Love" aided the band in receiving commercial popularity; the band are estimated to have sold 27 million records as of 2004 and have released 13 studio albums, two EPs and over 30 singles to date. As of March 2019, the band are in the process of recording their fourteenth studio album which they hope to have released by the end of the year.
They were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2019. The founder members of the Cure were school friends at Notre Dame Middle School in Crawley, West Sussex, whose first public performance was at an end-of-year show in April 1973 as members of a one-off school band called Obelisk; that band consisted of Robert Smith on piano, Michael "Mick" Dempsey on guitar, Laurence "Lol" Tolhurst on percussion, Marc Ceccagno on lead guitar and Alan Hill on bass guitar. In January 1976 while at St Wilfrid's Comprehensive School Ceccagno formed a 5-piece rock band with Smith on guitar and Dempsey on bass, along with two other school friends, they called themselves Malice and rehearsed David Bowie, Jimi Hendrix and Alex Harvey songs in a local church hall. By late April 1976, Ceccagno and the other two school friends had left, Tolhurst, Martin Creasy, Porl Thompson had joined the band; this lineup played all three of Malice's only documented live shows during December 1976. In January 1977, following Martin Creasy's departure, influenced by the emergence of punk rock, Malice's remaining members became known as Easy Cure after a song written by drummer Laurence Tolhurst.
During March 1977 Easy Cure hired and fired a vocalist known only as Gary X, who by April had been replaced by Peter O'Toole. This lineup gave their first live performance on 24 April at Saint Edward's Hall, Sussex, England. On 5 May Easy Cure made the first of many regular live appearances at the Crawley pub known as The Rocket. Within the same month, the band recorded a demo in Robert's parents' house and won a talent contest, signed a recording contract with German record label Ariola-Hansa on 18 May. In September Peter O’Toole left the group to live on a kibbutz in Israel. Both Malice and Easy Cure auditioned several vocalists before Robert Smith assumed the role of Easy Cure's frontman in September 1977; the new fourpiece of Robert, Porl and Laurence recorded their first studio demo sessions as Easy Cure for Hansa at SAV Studios in London between October and November 1977. That year, Easy Cure won a talent competition with German label Hansa Records, received a recording contract. Although the band recorded tracks for the company, none were released.
They continued to perform around Crawley throughout 1977 and 1978. On 19 February 1978 they were joined at The Rocket for the first time by a support band from Horley called Lockjaw, featuring bassist Simon Gallup. Hansa was dissatisfied with the group's demos and did not wish to release "Killing an Arab"; the label suggested. They refused, by March 1978 Easy Cure's contract with the label had been dissolved. Smith recalled, "We were young, they just thought. They wanted us to do cover versions and we always refused."On 22 April 1978, Easy Cure played their last gig at the Montefiore Institute Hall before guitarist Porl Thompson was dropped from the lineup because his lead guitar style was at odds with Smith's growing preference for minimalist songwriting. That month, the band recorded their first sessions as a trio at Chestnut Studios in Sussex, which were distributed as a demo tape to a dozen major record labels; the demo found its way to Polydor Records scout Chris Parry, who signed the Cure to his newly formed Fiction label—distributed by Polydor—in September 1978.
The Cure released their debut single "Killing an Arab" in December 1978 on the Small Wonder label as a stopgap until Fiction finalised distribution arrangements with Polydor. "Killing an Arab" garnered both acclaim and controversy: while the single's provocative title led to accusations of racism, the song is based on French existentialist Albert Camus's novel The Stranger. The band placed a sticker label that denied the racist connotations on the single's 1979 reissue on Fiction. An early NME article on the band wrote that the Cure "are like a breath of fresh suburban air on the capital's smog-ridden pub-and-club circuit", noted, "With a John Peel session and more extensive London gigging on their immediate agenda, it remains to be seen whether the Cure can retain their refreshing joie de vivre." The Cure released their debut album Three Imaginary Boys in May 197
James Newell Osterberg Jr. better known as Iggy Pop, is an American singer, musician, record producer, actor. Designated the "Godfather of Punk", he was the vocalist of influential proto-punk band The Stooges, who were formed in 1967 and have disbanded and reunited multiple times since, he began a solo career with the 1977 album The Idiot, recorded in collaboration with David Bowie. He is well known for his unpredictable stage antics. Pop's music has encompassed a number of styles over the course of his career, including garage rock, punk rock, hard rock, art rock, new wave, jazz and electronic. Though his popularity has fluctuated through the years, many of Pop's songs have become well-known, including "Search and Destroy" and "I Wanna Be Your Dog" by the Stooges, his solo hits "Lust for Life", "The Passenger", "Real Wild Child". In 1990, he recorded his first and only Top 40 U. S. hit, "Candy", a duet with B-52's singer Kate Pierson. Iggy and The Stooges were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2010.
Iggy Pop was born James Newell Osterberg Jr. in Muskegon, Michigan, on April 21, 1947, the son of Louella and James Newell Osterberg Sr. a former high school English teacher and baseball coach at Fordson High School in Dearborn, Michigan. He is of English and Irish descent on his father's side, Danish and Norwegian ancestry on his mother's side, his father was adopted by Swedish Jews who fled the Holocaust, took on their surname. Pop was raised in a trailer park in Michigan. In a 2007 Rolling Stone interview, Pop explained his relationship with his parents and their contribution to his music: Osterberg began his music career as a drummer in various high school bands in Ann Arbor, including the Iguanas, who cut several records such as Bo Diddley's "Mona" in 1965, his stage name, Iggy, is derived from the Iguanas. After exploring local blues-style bands such as the Prime Movers, he dropped out of the University of Michigan and moved to Chicago to learn more about blues. While in Chicago, he played drums in blues clubs, helped by Sam Lay who shared his connections with Iggy.
Inspired by Chicago blues as well as bands like The Sonics, MC5 and The Doors, he formed the Psychedelic Stooges and began calling himself Iggy. The band was composed of Iggy on vocals, Ron Asheton on guitar, Asheton's brother Scott on drums, Dave Alexander on bass, their first show was played at a Halloween party at a house in Michigan. Members of the MC5 were in attendance; the seeds of Iggy Pop's stage persona were sown when he saw The Doors perform in 1967 at the University of Michigan and was amazed by the stage antics and antagonism displayed by singer Jim Morrison. Morrison's extreme behavior, while performing in a popular band, inspired the young Iggy Pop to push the boundaries of stage performance. Other influences on Iggy Pop's vocals and persona were James Brown. Iggy Pop popularized the activity. Iggy Pop, who traditionally performs bare-chested performed such stage theatrics as rolling around in broken glass and exposing himself to the crowd. I attended two concerts by the Doors; the first one I attended was early on and they had not gotten their shit together yet.
That show was a big, big influence on me. They had just had their big hit, "Light My Fire" and the album had taken off.... So, here's this guy, out of his head on acid, dressed in leather with his hair all oiled and curled; the stage was tiny and it was low. It got confrontational. I found it interesting. I loved the performance... Part of me was like. He's pissing people off and he's lurching around making these guys angry." People were rushing Morrison's going "Fuck you. You blank, blank." You can fill in your sexual comments yourself. The other half of it was that I thought, "If they've got a hit record out and they can get away with this I have no fucking excuse not to get out on stage with my band." It was sort of the case of, "Hey, I can do that." There was some of that in there. In addition to Jim Morrison and The Doors' influence on the band, Iggy Pop attributes the Stooges getting jump started after seeing an all-girls rock band from Princeton, New Jersey called The Untouchable play. In a 1995 interview with Bust Magazine, he relates: And the other thing was we went to New York.
We had gone to New York a couple of months before that just to check out the scene, we had never been to a place like New York... we went down around Eighth Street there where all the young tourists hang out, we met these girls from New Jersey, from Princeton, they had a band called The Untouchable, we're like, "Oh, you've got a band, sure, ha ha ha," and they said "Well, come to our house and see us play." And we didn't have anywhere to crash, they played for us, they rocked, we were ashamed. In 1968, one year after their live debut and now dubbed the Psychedelic Stooges, the band signed with Elektra Records, again following in the footsteps of The Doors, who were Elektra's biggest act at the time. Iggy himself told the story in the 2016 Jim Jarmusch documentary film about The Stooges, Gimme Danger; the Stooges' first album The Stooges, (on which Iggy Pop was credited as "Igg
Country Hall Liège
Country Hall Liège is a multi-purpose arena in Liège, Belgium. The arena has 7,200 in the concert configuration, it hosts indoor sporting events as well as concerts. Notable sporting events hosted by the arena include the 1973 European champions cup final in which Ignis Varese defeated CSKA Moscow 71-66, the 1977 European basketball championship; the arena is the regular home venue of Belgacom Liège Basket who competes in the Basketball League Belgium. Official Website
Declan Patrick MacManus, better known by his stage name Elvis Costello, is an English musician, songwriter, record producer, television presenter, occasional actor. He began his career as part of London's pub rock scene in the early 1970s and became associated with the first wave of the British punk and new wave movement that emerged in the mid-to-late 1970s, his critically acclaimed debut album, My Aim Is True, was released in 1977. Shortly after recording it, he formed the Attractions as his backing band, his second album, This Year's Model, was released in 1978, was ranked number 11 by Rolling Stone on its list of the best albums from 1967–1987. His third album, Armed Forces, was released in 1979, features his highest-charting single "Oliver's Army", his first three albums all appeared on Rolling Stone's list of the 500 Greatest Albums of All Time. Costello and the Attractions toured and recorded together for the better part of a decade, though differences between them caused a split by 1986.
Much of Costello's work since has been as a solo artist, though reunions with members of the Attractions have been credited to the group over the years. Steeped in wordplay, the vocabulary of Costello's lyrics is broad, his music has drawn on many diverse genres. He has won multiple awards in his career, including a Grammy Award, has twice been nominated for the Brit Award for Best British Male Singer. In 2003, Costello and the Attractions were inducted into the Roll Hall of Fame. In 2004, Rolling Stone ranked Costello number 80 on their list of the 100 Greatest Artists of All Time. Costello has co-written several original songs for motion pictures, including "God Give Me Strength" from Grace of My Heart and "The Scarlet Tide" from Cold Mountain. For the latter, Costello was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Original Song and the Grammy Award for Best Song Written for Visual Media. Costello was born on 25 August 1954 at St Mary's Hospital in Paddington, is of Irish descent on his father's side.
He is the son of Lilian Alda and Ross MacManus, a jazz trumpeter who sang with the Joe Loss Orchestra and who performed as a solo cabaret act. Costello lived in Twickenham, attending both St. Edmund's Catholic Primary School in nearby Whitton and Archbishop Myers Secondary Modern R. C. School, now St Mark's Catholic Secondary School, in neighbouring Hounslow. In 1971, the 16-year-old Costello moved with his Liverpool-born mother to Birkenhead, where he formed his first band, a folk duo called Rusty, with Allan Mayes. After completing his education at St. Francis Xavier's College in Liverpool, Costello worked at a number of office jobs to support himself, most famously at Elizabeth Arden, where he was employed as a data entry clerk; this is immortalised in the lyrics of "I'm Not Angry" as the "vanity factory". He worked for a short period as a computer operator at the Midland Bank computer centre in Bootle. In 1974, he moved back to London, where he formed a pub rock band called Flip City, who were active from 1974 through to early 1976.
Costello's first broadcast recording was with his father in a television commercial for R. White's Lemonade which aired in 1974, his father sang Costello sang backing vocals. He began looking for a solo recording contract, he was signed in 1976 to independent label Stiff Records on the basis of a demo tape. His manager at Stiff, Jake Riviera, suggested that the singer calling himself D. P. Costello, start using the first name Elvis. Costello's first single for Stiff was "Less Than Zero", released on 25 March 1977. Four months his debut album, My Aim Is True, was released to moderate commercial success with Costello appearing on the cover in what became his trademark oversize glasses, bearing some resemblance to Buddy Holly. Costello failed to chart with his early singles, which included "Less Than Zero" and the ballad "Alison". Stiff's records were distributed only in the UK, which meant that Costello's first album and singles were available in the US as imports only. In an attempt to change this, Costello was arrested for busking outside a London convention of CBS Records executives, protesting that no US record company had yet seen fit to release his records in the United States.
Costello signed to Columbia Records, CBS in the U. S. a few months later. The backing for Costello's debut album was provided by American West Coast band Clover, a country outfit living in England whose members would go on to join Huey Lewis and the News and the Doobie Brothers. Costello released his first major hit single, "Watching the Detectives", recorded with Steve Nieve and the pair of Steve Goulding and Andrew Bodnar, both members of Graham Parker's backing band the Rumour. Added to the U. S. version of My Aim Is True, the song contained scathing verses about the vicarious enjoyment of TV violence over a reggae beat. In 1977, Costello formed his own permanent backing band, the Attractions, consisting of Steve Nieve, Bruce Thomas, Pete Thomas. On 17 December 1977, Costello and the Attractions, as a replacement act for the Sex Pistols, were scheduled to play "Less Than Zero" on Saturday Night Live.
Le Botanique or Kruidtuin is a cultural complex and music venue in Saint-Josse-ten-Noode, Brussels. The building was the main orangery of the National Botanic Garden of Belgium and as part of the garden had hosted cultural events. In 1958, the National Botanic Garden of Belgium moved to Meise, outside of Brussels. Le Botanique opened in 1984, the gardens in front are now the Botanical Garden of Brussels; the first botanic garden in Brussels belonged to the Ecole Centrale du Département de la Dyle, created during the French rule of Belgium at the end of the 18th century. Due to their costs, those French schools were soon dropped and some municipalities, including the City of Brussels, took over the garden, about to be abandoned. In 1815, Belgium became part of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands. Around the same period, the maintenance costs of the garden were regarded as too high by the city administration. A group of local bourgeois decided to create a new kind of botanical garden in Brussels.
At the time the bourgeoisie was the new leading-class and since companies were popular financing method the garden was created as a company. The creators thought. Although it was rooted on a private enterprise, it was supposed to be a national institution dedicated to science. Both the City and the Home Office supported it financially. But, the Independence of Belgium was detrimental to the Dutch-born institution: it was regarded as Orangist, as a mere playground for the local elites, as not useful for the country's agriculture, among other critiques. From on, the garden would have to battle to survive; the state and the city did not want to support it anymore unless it proved useful to the whole country, so the Garden was obliged to develop its commercial activities. It sold plants by the thousands, created several money-consuming attractions and events for the local élite, like aquaria, a dance room, fairs, a fish nursery, concerts etc. In the 1860s, the aging buildings required renovation; the board of the Society of Horticulture tried to raise the money, but the costs were just too high for the company.
In 1870, the Belgian Government took over the company. The National Botanic Garden was created in the same year. Barthélemy Dumortier, a Belgian politician and botanist, had played a major role in this process, he wanted a "Belgian Kew" to be created in the capital of Belgium, to say a botanical garden dedicated to taxonomy. That is why, some months before the garden was bought by the state, the Belgian Government had purchased the famous von Martius Herbarium, held in Munich. So, in 1870, Belgium had an appropriate building; this was the dawn of a new era for Belgian botany. Since 1984, Le Botanique has been the cultural centre for the French Community of Belgium. Nowadays it features a busy schedule of concerts, most taking place in either the 700-capacity Orangerie, the tall, circular Rotonde with space for 250 or the vaulted Witloof Bar with 200 standing places. Other rooms in the building are used for art exhibitions or film screenings. In addition Le Botanique manages the concert agenda for the nearby Cirque Royal, a hall able to hold seated audiences of 2000, or more standing.
The annual Les Nuits Botanique festival, held during the spring, sees a large number of musicians performing. In addition to the regular rooms, a marquee is erected in the garden. Official website
Centre for Fine Arts, Brussels
The Centre for Fine Arts is a cultural venue in Brussels, Belgium. Referred to as "BOZAR" or "PSK", the building was completed in 1929 at the instigation of Henry Le Bœuf and includes exhibition and conference rooms, a cinema and a concert hall, which serves as home to the National Orchestra of Belgium. Following the First World War, the Belgian Parliament denied funding for the plans by Belgian Art Nouveau architect Victor Horta. With the founding of the Société du Palais des Beaux-Arts in 1922, the project was revived with several restrictions: the city supplied a irregular area on the slope between the higher and the lower part of the city, it took more than a decade to complete the complex, which contains a large concert hall, a recital room, a chamber music room, lecture rooms, a vast gallery for temporary exhibitions. He managed to put together this array of different functions on a rather small building plot with restricted conditions using more than 8 building levels with a large part situated underground.
Since 2002, the Belgian federal intuition has chosen the brand name BOZAR, which has eight artistic departments: BOZAR Expo, BOZAR Music, BOZAR Cinema, BOZAR Dance, BOZAR Theatre, BOZAR Literature, BOZAR Studios and BOZAR Architecture. BOZAR is home to the National Orchestra of Belgium, the Société Philharmonique/Philharmonische Vereniging, which invites the world's major orchestras and performers to appear at Le Boeuf Hall; the finals of the Queen Elisabeth Music Competition are held there. Up to 10 exhibitions a year are organised at BOZAR, have included Jeff Wall, Luc Tuymans, Frida Kahlo, Lucas Cranach and George, Wim Delvoye and Flemish Masters, "It's not only rock'n'roll Baby". Robert, 7th Duke d'Ursel 2002–current: Paul Dujardin. Henry Le Bœuf Hall, with seating capacity for 2,200 Chamber Music Room, with seating capacity for 476 Victor Horta Hall Studio Recital Hall, with seating capacity for 210 Salle Terarken, a multi-purpose hall Exhibition rooms Official website Media related to Bozar at Wikimedia Commons
Belgium the Kingdom of Belgium, is a country in Western Europe. It is bordered by the Netherlands to the north, Germany to the east, Luxembourg to the southeast, France to the southwest, the North Sea to the northwest, it has a population of more than 11.4 million. The capital and largest city is Brussels; the sovereign state is a federal constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary system. Its institutional organisation is structured on both regional and linguistic grounds, it is divided into three autonomous regions: Flanders in the north, Wallonia in the south, the Brussels-Capital Region. Brussels is the smallest and most densely populated region, as well as the richest region in terms of GDP per capita. Belgium is home to two main linguistic groups or Communities: the Dutch-speaking Flemish Community, which constitutes about 59 percent of the population, the French-speaking Community, which comprises about 40 percent of all Belgians. A small German-speaking Community, numbering around one percent, exists in the East Cantons.
The Brussels-Capital Region is bilingual, although French is the dominant language. Belgium's linguistic diversity and related political conflicts are reflected in its political history and complex system of governance, made up of six different governments. Belgium was part of an area known as the Low Countries, a somewhat larger region than the current Benelux group of states that included parts of northern France and western Germany, its name is derived after the Roman province of Gallia Belgica. From the end of the Middle Ages until the 17th century, the area of Belgium was a prosperous and cosmopolitan centre of commerce and culture. Between the 16th and early 19th centuries, Belgium served as the battleground between many European powers, earning the moniker the "Battlefield of Europe", a reputation strengthened by both world wars; the country emerged in 1830 following the Belgian Revolution. Belgium participated in the Industrial Revolution and, during the course of the 20th century, possessed a number of colonies in Africa.
The second half of the 20th century was marked by rising tensions between the Dutch-speaking and the French-speaking citizens fueled by differences in language and culture and the unequal economic development of Flanders and Wallonia. This continuing antagonism has led to several far-reaching reforms, resulting in a transition from a unitary to a federal arrangement during the period from 1970 to 1993. Despite the reforms, tensions between the groups have remained, if not increased. Unemployment in Wallonia is more than double that of Flanders. Belgium is one of the six founding countries of the European Union and hosts the official seats of the European Commission, the Council of the European Union, the European Council, as well as a seat of the European Parliament in the country's capital, Brussels. Belgium is a founding member of the Eurozone, NATO, OECD, WTO, a part of the trilateral Benelux Union and the Schengen Area. Brussels hosts several of the EU's official seats as well as the headquarters of many major international organizations such as NATO.
Belgium is a developed country, with an advanced high-income economy. It has high standards of living, quality of life, education, is categorized as "very high" in the Human Development Index, it ranks as one of the safest or most peaceful countries in the world. The name "Belgium" is derived from Gallia Belgica, a Roman province in the northernmost part of Gaul that before Roman invasion in 100 BC, was inhabited by the Belgae, a mix of Celtic and Germanic peoples. A gradual immigration by Germanic Frankish tribes during the 5th century brought the area under the rule of the Merovingian kings. A gradual shift of power during the 8th century led the kingdom of the Franks to evolve into the Carolingian Empire; the Treaty of Verdun in 843 divided the region into Middle and West Francia and therefore into a set of more or less independent fiefdoms which, during the Middle Ages, were vassals either of the King of France or of the Holy Roman Emperor. Many of these fiefdoms were united in the Burgundian Netherlands of the 15th centuries.
Emperor Charles V extended the personal union of the Seventeen Provinces in the 1540s, making it far more than a personal union by the Pragmatic Sanction of 1549 and increased his influence over the Prince-Bishopric of Liège. The Eighty Years' War divided the Low Countries into the northern United Provinces and the Southern Netherlands; the latter were ruled successively by the Spanish and the Austrian Habsburgs and comprised most of modern Belgium. This was the theatre of most Franco-Spanish and Franco-Austrian wars during the 17th and 18th centuries. Following the campaigns of 1794 in the French Revolutionary Wars, the Low Countries—including territories that were never nominally under Habsburg rule, such as the Prince-Bishopric of Liège—were annexed by the French First Republic, ending Austrian rule in the region; the reunification of the Low Countries as the United Kingdom of the Netherlands occurred at the dissolution of the First French Empire in 1815, after the defeat of Napo