Daniel Webster was an American statesman who represented New Hampshire and Massachusetts in the United States Congress and served as the United States Secretary of State under Presidents William Henry Harrison, John Tyler, Millard Fillmore. He was a prominent attorney during the period of the Marshall Court. Throughout his career, he was a member of the Federalist Party, the National Republican Party, the Whig Party. Born in New Hampshire in 1782, Webster established a successful legal practice in Portsmouth, New Hampshire after undergoing a legal apprenticeship, he emerged as a prominent opponent of the War of 1812 and won election to the United States House of Representatives, where he served as a leader of the Federalist Party. Webster relocated to Boston, Massachusetts, he became a leading attorney before the Supreme Court of the United States, winning cases such as Dartmouth College v. Woodward, McCulloch v. Maryland, Gibbons v. Ogden. Webster became a key supporter of President John Quincy Adams.
He won election to the United States Senate in 1827 and worked with Henry Clay to build the National Republican Party in support of Adams. After Andrew Jackson defeated Adams in the 1828 presidential election, Webster became a leading opponent of Jackson's domestic policies, he objected to the theory of Nullification espoused by John C. Calhoun, his Second Reply to Hayne speech is regarded as one of the greatest speeches delivered in Congress. Webster supported Jackson's defiant response to the Nullification Crisis, but broke with the president due to disagreements over the Second Bank of the United States. Webster joined with other Jackson opponents in forming the Whig Party, unsuccessfully ran in the 1836 presidential election, he supported Harrison in the 1840 presidential election and was appointed secretary of state after Harrison took office. Unlike the other members of Harrison's Cabinet, he continued to serve under President Tyler after Tyler broke with congressional Whigs; as secretary of state, Webster negotiated the Webster–Ashburton Treaty, which settled border disputes with Britain.
Webster resumed his status as a leading congressional Whig. During the Mexican–American War, he emerged as a leader of the "Cotton Whigs," a faction of Northern Whigs that emphasized good relations with the South over anti-slavery policies. In 1850, President Fillmore appointed Webster as secretary of state, Webster contributed to the passage of the Compromise of 1850, which settled several territorial issues and enacted a new fugitive slave law; the Compromise proved unpopular in much of the North and undermined Webster's standing in his home state. Webster sought the Whig nomination in the 1852 presidential election, but a split between supporters of Fillmore and Webster led to the nomination of General Winfield Scott. Webster is regarded as an important and talented attorney and politician, but historians and observers have offered mixed opinions on his moral qualities and ability as a national leader. Daniel Webster was born on January 18, 1782, in Salisbury, New Hampshire, at a location within the present-day city of Franklin.
He was the son of Abigail and Ebenezer Webster, a farmer and local official who served in the French and Indian War and the American Revolutionary War. Ebenezer's ancestor, the Scottish-born Thomas Webster, had migrated to the United States around 1636. Ebenezer had three children from a previous marriage who survived to maturity, as well as five children from his marriage to Abigail. Webster was close to his older brother, born in 1780; as a youth, Webster helped work the family farm, but was in poor health. With the encouragement of his parents and tutors, Webster read works by authors such as Alexander Pope and Isaac Watts. In 1796, Webster attended a preparatory school in Exeter, New Hampshire. After studying the classics and other subjects for several months under a clergyman, Webster was admitted to Dartmouth College in 1797. During his time at Dartmouth, Webster managed the school newspaper and emerged as a strong public speaker, he was chosen Fourth of July orator in Hanover, the college town, in 1800, in his speech appears the substance of the political principles for the development of which he became famous.
Like his father, like many other New England farmers, Webster was devoted to the Federalist Party and favored a strong central government. Webster was elected to the Phi Beta Kappa honor society. After he graduated from Dartmouth, Webster apprenticed under Salisbury lawyer Thomas W. Thompson. Though unenthusiastic about studying the law, Webster believed that becoming a lawyer would allow him to "live comfortably" and avoid the bouts of poverty that had afflicted his father. In order to help support his brother Ezekiel's study at Dartmouth, Webster temporarily resigned from the law office to work as a schoolteacher at Fryeburg Academy in Maine. In 1804, he obtained a position in Boston under the prominent attorney Christopher Gore. Clerking for Gore –, involved in international and state politics – Webster learned about many legal and political subjects and met numerous New England politicians, he grew to love Boston. After winning admission to the bar, Webster set up a legal practice in Boscawen, New Hampshire.
He became involved in politics and began to speak locally in support of Federalist causes and candidates. After his father's death in 1806, Webster handed over his pr
Ohio is a Midwestern state in the Great Lakes region of the United States. Of the fifty states, it is the 34th largest by area, the seventh most populous, the tenth most densely populated; the state's capital and largest city is Columbus. The state takes its name from the Ohio River, whose name in turn originated from the Seneca word ohiːyo', meaning "good river", "great river" or "large creek". Partitioned from the Northwest Territory, Ohio was the 17th state admitted to the Union on March 1, 1803, the first under the Northwest Ordinance. Ohio is known as the "Buckeye State" after its Ohio buckeye trees, Ohioans are known as "Buckeyes". Ohio rose from the wilderness of Ohio Country west of Appalachia in colonial times through the Northwest Indian Wars as part of the Northwest Territory in the early frontier, to become the first non-colonial free state admitted to the union, to an industrial powerhouse in the 20th century before transmogrifying to a more information and service based economy in the 21st.
The government of Ohio is composed of the executive branch, led by the Governor. Ohio occupies 16 seats in the United States House of Representatives. Ohio is known for its status as both a bellwether in national elections. Six Presidents of the United States have been elected. Ohio is an industrial state, ranking 8th out of 50 states in GDP, is the second largest producer of automobiles behind Michigan. Ohio's geographic location has proven to be an asset for economic expansion; because Ohio links the Northeast to the Midwest, much cargo and business traffic passes through its borders along its well-developed highways. Ohio has the nation's 10th largest highway network and is within a one-day drive of 50% of North America's population and 70% of North America's manufacturing capacity. To the north, Lake Erie gives Ohio 312 miles of coastline. Ohio's southern border is defined by the Ohio River, much of the northern border is defined by Lake Erie. Ohio's neighbors are Pennsylvania to the east, Michigan to the northwest, Lake Erie to the north, Indiana to the west, Kentucky on the south, West Virginia on the southeast.
Ohio's borders were defined by metes and bounds in the Enabling Act of 1802 as follows: Bounded on the east by the Pennsylvania line, on the south by the Ohio River, to the mouth of the Great Miami River, on the west by the line drawn due north from the mouth of the Great Miami aforesaid, on the north by an east and west line drawn through the southerly extreme of Lake Michigan, running east after intersecting the due north line aforesaid, from the mouth of the Great Miami until it shall intersect Lake Erie or the territorial line, thence with the same through Lake Erie to the Pennsylvania line aforesaid. Ohio is bounded by the Ohio River, but nearly all of the river itself belongs to Kentucky and West Virginia. In 1980, the U. S. Supreme Court held that, based on the wording of the cessation of territory by Virginia, the boundary between Ohio and Kentucky is the northern low-water mark of the river as it existed in 1792. Ohio has only that portion of the river between the river's 1792 low-water mark and the present high-water mark.
The border with Michigan has changed, as a result of the Toledo War, to angle northeast to the north shore of the mouth of the Maumee River. Much of Ohio features glaciated till plains, with an exceptionally flat area in the northwest being known as the Great Black Swamp; this glaciated region in the northwest and central state is bordered to the east and southeast first by a belt known as the glaciated Allegheny Plateau, by another belt known as the unglaciated Allegheny Plateau. Most of Ohio is of low relief, but the unglaciated Allegheny Plateau features rugged hills and forests; the rugged southeastern quadrant of Ohio, stretching in an outward bow-like arc along the Ohio River from the West Virginia Panhandle to the outskirts of Cincinnati, forms a distinct socio-economic unit. Geologically similar to parts of West Virginia and southwestern Pennsylvania, this area's coal mining legacy, dependence on small pockets of old manufacturing establishments, distinctive regional dialect set this section off from the rest of the state.
In 1965 the United States Congress passed the Appalachian Regional Development Act, an attempt to "address the persistent poverty and growing economic despair of the Appalachian Region." This act defines 29 Ohio counties as part of Appalachia. While 1/3 of Ohio's land mass is part of the federally defined Appalachian region, only 12.8% of Ohioans live there Significant rivers within the state include the Cuyahoga River, Great Miami River, Maumee River, Muskingum River, Scioto River. The rivers in the northern part of the state drain into the northern Atlantic Ocean via Lake Erie and the St. Lawrence River, the rivers in the southern part of the state drain into the Gulf of Mexico via the Ohio River and the Mississippi; the worst weather disaster in Ohio history occurred along the Great Miami River in 1913. Known as the Great Dayton Flood, the entire Miami River watershed flooded, including the downtown business district of Dayton; as a result, the Miami Conservancy District was created as the first major flood plain engineering project in Ohio and the United States.
Grand Lake St. Marys in the west-central part of the state was constructed as a supply of water for ca
E. G. Squier
Ephraim George Squier cited as E. G. Squier, was an American archaeologist and newspaper editor. Squier was born in Bethlehem, New York, the son of a minister of English heritage and his Palatine German wife. In early youth he worked on a farm and taught school, studied engineering, became interested in American antiquities; the Panic of 1837 made an engineering career unfeasible, so he pursued literature and journalism. He was associated in the publication of the New York State Mechanic at Albany 1841-1842. In 1843-1848, he engaged in journalism in Hartford and edited the Chillicothe, weekly newspaper the Scioto Gazette. During this period, Squier collaborated with physician Edwin H. Davis on the book, Ancient Monuments of the Mississippi Valley, issued in 1848; the work was a landmark in American scientific research, the study of the prehistoric Mound Builders of North America, the early development of archaeology as a scientific discipline. The book was the first volume of the Smithsonian Institution's Contributions to Knowledge series and the Institution's first publication.
Among Squier and Davis' most important achievements was their systematic approach to analyzing and documenting the sites they surveyed, including the Serpent Mound in Peebles, which they discovered in 1846, the mapping of the Mound City Group in Chillicothe, restored using their data and is now part of Hopewell Culture National Historical Park. Squier and Davis's collection of ancient Mound objects is now kept at the British Museum, he was appointed special chargé d'affaires to all the Central American states in 1849, negotiated treaties with Nicaragua and San Salvador. In 1853 he made a second visit to Central America to examine a line for a projected interoceanic railroad, to make further study of the archaeology of the country. In 1856 he received the medal of the French Geographical Society for his researches. In 1858, he married Miriam Florence Folline who had had a previous marriage annulled. About 1860, he became editor-in-chief for Frank Leslie's publishing house, supervised the publication of the first two volumes of Frank Leslie's Pictorial History of the American Civil War.
In 1863 Squier was appointed U. S. commissioner to Peru, where he made an exhaustive investigation of Inca remains and took numerous photographs of them. He gave a series of 12 lectures on "The Inca Empire" for the Lowell Institute for their 1866-67 season. In 1868 he was appointed consul-general of Honduras at New York, in 1871 he was elected the first president of the Anthropological Institute of New York, he conducted ethnological studies in Nicaragua and Peru. On returning from Peru, he continued working for Frank Leslie, but gave it up when his health failed. In 1873, his wife divorced him, married Leslie a year later. In 1874 his health became so impaired as to preclude further original research, though he subsequently recovered sufficiently to direct the final preparation and revision of his work on Peru for publication, the affection resulted in his death, he was a member of numerous historical and scientific societies. He died in New York. Besides many official reports, scientific papers, magazine articles, contributions to the Encyclopædia Britannica and foreign periodicals, his works include: Ancient Monuments of the Mississippi Valley Aboriginal Monuments of the State of New York Serpent Symbols Nicaragua: its People, Scenery and the Proposed Interoceanic Canal Notes on Central America Waikna, or Adventures on the Mosquito Shore The States of Central America Monographs of Authors who have written on the Aboriginal Languages of Central America Tropical Fibres and their Economic Extraction Peru: Incidents and Explorations in the Land of the Incas Barnhart, Terry A..
Ephraim George Squier and the Development of American Anthropology. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press. ISBN 0-8032-1321-2. Stiebing, William H. Jr.. Ancient Astronauts, Cosmic Collisions, Other Popular Theories About Man's Past. New York: Prometheus Books. ISBN 0-87975-285-8. Works written by or about Ephraim George Squier at Wikisource
Ross County, Ohio
Ross County is a county located in the Appalachian region of the U. S. state of Ohio. As of the 2010 census, the population was 78,064, its county seat is the first and third capital of Ohio. Established on August 20, 1798, the county is named for Federalist Senator James Ross of Pennsylvania. Ross County comprises the Chillicothe, OH Micropolitan Statistical Area, included in the Columbus-Marion-Zanesville, OH Combined Statistical Area; as of 1848, Ross County was described as having "one hundred enclosures of various sizes, five hundred mounds" by Ephraim George Squier and Edwin Hamilton Davis in their book, Ancient Monuments of the Mississippi Valley. They describe the Indian-built earthworks as ranging from five to 30 feet in size, enclosures of one to 50 acres large. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 693 square miles, of which 689 square miles is land and 3.8 square miles is water. Ross County is the second-largest county by land area in Ohio, after Ashtabula County, as well as the fifth-largest by total area.
Pickaway County Hocking County Vinton County Jackson County Pike County Highland County Fayette County Hopewell Culture National Historical Park As of the census of 2000, there were 73,345 people, 27,136 households, 19,185 families residing in the county. The population density was 106 people per square mile. There were 29,461 housing units at an average density of 43 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 91.74% White, 6.20% Black or African American, 0.31% Native American, 0.35% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.19% from other races, 1.20% from two or more races. 0.58% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 27,136 households out of which 32.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.20% were married couples living together, 11.10% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.30% were non-families. 24.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.30% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 2.97.
In the county, the population was spread out with 24.00% under the age of 18, 8.60% from 18 to 24, 31.60% from 25 to 44, 23.60% from 45 to 64, 12.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 108.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 109.00 males. The median income for a household in the county was $37,117, the median income for a family was $43,241. Males had a median income of $35,892 versus $23,399 for females; the per capita income for the county was $17,569. About 9.10% of families and 12.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.10% of those under age 18 and 10.20% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 78,064 people, 28,919 households, 19,782 families residing in the county; the population density was 113.3 inhabitants per square mile. There were 32,148 housing units at an average density of 46.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 90.7% white, 6.2% black or African American, 0.4% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 0.3% from other races, 2.1% from two or more races.
Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.0% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 27.0% were German, 15.2% were Irish, 12.5% were American, 10.5% were English. Of the 28,919 households, 32.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.2% were married couples living together, 12.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.6% were non-families, 26.2% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 2.95. The median age was 39.8 years. The median income for a household in the county was $42,626 and the median income for a family was $50,081. Males had a median income of $42,721 versus $32,374 for females; the per capita income for the county was $20,595. About 13.1% of families and 17.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.7% of those under age 18 and 8.2% of those age 65 or over. County officials are: County Auditor Tom Spetnagel Jr. County Board of Elections Stephen A. Madru Beth Neal Don Fuller Ron Fields Clerk of Courts Ty D. Hinton Board of Commissioners Stephen A. Neal Doug Corcoran Dwight A. Garrett Ross County Court of Common Pleas: Judge Michael M. Ater Judge Matthew Schmidt Probate and Juvenile Court Judge J. Jeffrey Benson Magistrate John Di Cesare County Coroner John Gabis County Engineer Charles R. Ortman County Prosecutor Jeffrey Marks County Recorder Kathleen "Kathy" Dunn County Treasurer Jerald A. "Jerry" Byers County Sheriff George Lavender Ross is a Republican county in Presidential and Congressional elections, although Democratic candidates perform well in the county.
The last Democrat to win a majority in the county was Lyndon Johnson in 1964, while Bill Clinton won a plurality in Ross in 1996. In 2008, Republican John McCain won 53% of the county's vote. Ross is part of Ohio's 2nd and 15th congressional districts, which are held by Republicans Brad Wenstrup and Steve Stivers, respectively. Pickaway-Ross lies in the Northern part of the county. Students from the following affiliated Ross and Pickaway county districts at the vocational school. Adena Local School District Chillicothe City School District Huntington Local School District Paint Valley Local School District Southeastern Local School District Unioto Local School District Zane Trace Local School Dist
Hopewell Culture National Historical Park
Hopewell Culture National Historical Park is a United States national historical park with earthworks and burial mounds from the Hopewell culture, indigenous peoples who flourished from about 200 BC to AD 500. The park is composed of six separate sites in Ross County, including the former Mound City Group National Monument; the park includes archaeological resources of the Hopewell culture. It is administered by the United States Department of the Interior's National Park Service. In 2008, the Department of the Interior included Hopewell Culture National Historical Park as part of the Hopewell Ceremonial Earthworks, one of 14 sites on its tentative list from which the United States makes nominations for the UNESCO World Heritage Sites. From about 200 BC to AD 500, the Ohio River Valley was a central area of the prehistoric Hopewell culture; the term Hopewell culture is applied to a broad network of beliefs and practices among different Native American peoples who inhabited a large portion of eastern North America.
The culture is characterized by its construction of enclosures made of earthen walls built in geometric patterns, mounds of various shapes. Visible remnants of Hopewell culture are concentrated in the Scioto River valley near present-day Chillicothe, Ohio; the most striking Hopewell sites contain earthworks in the form of squares and other geometric shapes. Many of these sites were built to a monumental scale, with earthen walls up to 12 feet high outlining geometric figures more than 1,000 feet across. Conical and loaf-shaped earthen mounds up to 30 feet high are found in association with the geometric earthworks; the people who built them had a detailed knowledge of the local soils, they combined different types to provide the most stability to the works. It required the organized labor of thousands of man hours, as people carried the earth in handwoven baskets. Mound City, located on Ohio Highway 104 4 miles north of Chillicothe along the Scioto River, is a group of 23 earthen mounds constructed by the Hopewell culture.
Each mound within the group covered the remains of a charnel house. After the Hopewell people cremated the dead, they burned the charnel house, they constructed a mound over the remains. They placed artifacts, such as copper figures, projectile points and pipes in the mounds. European Americans first mapped the site in the 1840s; the archaeologists Ephraim George Squier and Edwin Hamilton Davis were the first excavators of the site and amassed a large collection of Mound artifacts, now preserved at the British Museum. Much of it was destroyed during World War I when the United States Army constructed a military training base, Camp Sherman, on the site. After the war, they razed the camp; the Ohio Historical Society conducted an archaeological excavation of the site from 1920–1922, followed by reconstruction of the mounds. In 1923, the Department of Interior declared the Mound City Group a National Monument, to be administered by the Federal government. In 1992, Mound City Group was expanded as Hopewell Culture National Historic Park.
Its definition included remnants of four other nearby mound systems. Two Ross County sites open to the public. Seip Earthworks is located 17 miles west of Chillicothe on U. S. Route 50. Hopewell Mound Group is the site of the 1891 excavation on the land of Mordecai Hopewell. Hopeton Earthworks located across the Scioto River from Mound City and High Bank Works, closed to the public; the Ohio Historical Society maintains a number of mound systems and elaborate earthworks in the southern Ohio area, including the National Historic Landmarks of Fort Ancient, Newark Earthworks, Serpent Mound. Fifteen mound complexes earlier identified in the county have been lost to agriculture or urban development; the national park contains nationally significant archaeological resources, including large earthwork and mound complexes. These provide insight into the sophisticated and complex social, ceremonial and economic life of the Hopewell people; the park visitor's center features museum exhibits with artifacts excavated from the Mound City Group, an orientation film, book sales area, self-guided and guided tours.
List of Hopewell sites Squier, Ephraim G. and Davis, Edwin H. Ancient Monuments of the Mississippi Valley, Washington D. C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1998. Woodward, Susan L. and McDonald, Jerry N. Indian Mounds of the Middle Ohio Valley, Blacksburg, VA: McDonald & Woodward Publishing, 1986. Hopewell Culture National Historical Park Mound City, Ancient Ohio Trail Hopewell Ceremonial Earthworks UNESCO World Heritage Nomination Ancient Monuments of the Mississippi Valley which features Hopewell Culture National Historical Park, as Mound City
Education is the process of facilitating learning, or the acquisition of knowledge, values and habits. Educational methods include storytelling, teaching and directed research. Education takes place under the guidance of educators and learners may educate themselves. Education can take place in formal or informal settings and any experience that has a formative effect on the way one thinks, feels, or acts may be considered educational; the methodology of teaching is called pedagogy. Formal education is divided formally into such stages as preschool or kindergarten, primary school, secondary school and college, university, or apprenticeship. A right to education has been recognized by the United Nations. In most regions, education is compulsory up to a certain age. Etymologically, the word "education" is derived from the Latin word ēducātiō from ēducō, related to the homonym ēdūcō from ē- and dūcō. Education began in prehistory, as adults trained the young in the knowledge and skills deemed necessary in their society.
In pre-literate societies, this was achieved orally and through imitation. Story-telling passed knowledge and skills from one generation to the next; as cultures began to extend their knowledge beyond skills that could be learned through imitation, formal education developed. Schools existed in Egypt at the time of the Middle Kingdom. Plato founded the Academy in the first institution of higher learning in Europe; the city of Alexandria in Egypt, established in 330 BCE, became the successor to Athens as the intellectual cradle of Ancient Greece. There, the great Library of Alexandria was built in the 3rd century BCE. European civilizations suffered a collapse of literacy and organization following the fall of Rome in CE 476. In China, Confucius, of the State of Lu, was the country's most influential ancient philosopher, whose educational outlook continues to influence the societies of China and neighbours like Korea and Vietnam. Confucius gathered disciples and searched in vain for a ruler who would adopt his ideals for good governance, but his Analects were written down by followers and have continued to influence education in East Asia into the modern era.
The Aztecs had a well-developed theory about education, which has an equivalent word in Nahuatl called tlacahuapahualiztli. It means "the art of raising or educating a person" or "the art of strengthening or bringing up men." This was a broad conceptualization of education, which prescribed that it begins at home, supported by formal schooling, reinforced by community living. Historians cite that formal education was mandatory for everyone regardless of social class and gender. There was the word neixtlamachiliztli, "the act of giving wisdom to the face." These concepts underscore a complex set of educational practices, oriented towards communicating to the next generation the experience and intellectual heritage of the past for the purpose of individual development and his integration into the community. After the Fall of Rome, the Catholic Church became the sole preserver of literate scholarship in Western Europe; the church established cathedral schools in the Early Middle Ages as centres of advanced education.
Some of these establishments evolved into medieval universities and forebears of many of Europe's modern universities. During the High Middle Ages, Chartres Cathedral operated the famous and influential Chartres Cathedral School; the medieval universities of Western Christendom were well-integrated across all of Western Europe, encouraged freedom of inquiry, produced a great variety of fine scholars and natural philosophers, including Thomas Aquinas of the University of Naples, Robert Grosseteste of the University of Oxford, an early expositor of a systematic method of scientific experimentation, Saint Albert the Great, a pioneer of biological field research. Founded in 1088, the University of Bologne is considered the first, the oldest continually operating university. Elsewhere during the Middle Ages, Islamic science and mathematics flourished under the Islamic caliphate, established across the Middle East, extending from the Iberian Peninsula in the west to the Indus in the east and to the Almoravid Dynasty and Mali Empire in the south.
The Renaissance in Europe ushered in a new age of scientific and intellectual inquiry and appreciation of ancient Greek and Roman civilizations. Around 1450, Johannes Gutenberg developed a printing press, which allowed works of literature to spread more quickly; the European Age of Empires saw European ideas of education in philosophy, religion and sciences spread out across the globe. Missionaries and scholars brought back new ideas from other civilizations – as with the Jesuit China missions who played a significant role in the transmission of knowledge and culture between China and Europe, translating works from Europe like Euclid's Elements for Chinese scholars and the thoughts of Confucius for European audiences; the Enlightenment saw the emergence of a more secular educational outlook in Europe. In most countries today, full-time education, whether at school or otherwise, is compulsory for all children up to a certain age. Due to this the proliferation of compulsory education, combined with population growth, UNESCO has calculated that in the next 30 years more people will receive formal education than in all of human history thus far.
Formal education occurs in a structured environment. Formal education takes place in a school environme
Hillsboro is a city in and the county seat of Highland County, United States 35 mi west of Chillicothe. The population was 6,605 at the 2010 census. Hillsboro was platted in 1807, most named for the hills near the original town site. Hillsboro is located at 39°12′21″N 83°36′50″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.43 square miles, all land. Hillsboro is located at the junction of U. S. Routes 50 and 62 and State Routes 73, 124, 138, 247; the largest city near Hillsboro is Dayton with a distance of 56.3 miles. Followed by Cincinnati at 59.7 miles and Columbus at 66.0 miles. As of the census of 2010, there were 6,605 people, 2,755 households, 1,612 families residing in the city; the population density was 1,216.4 inhabitants per square mile. There were 3,181 housing units at an average density of 585.8 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 90.0% White, 5.8% African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 0.2% from other races, 2.9% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.3% of the population. There were 2,755 households of which 30.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.7% were married couples living together, 16.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.3% had a male householder with no wife present, 41.5% were non-families. 37.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.2% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.97. The median age in the city was 38.7 years. 24.3% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 44.9% male and 55.1% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 6,368 people, 2,686 households, 1,633 families residing in the city; the population density was 1,227.1 people per square mile. There were 2,971 housing units at an average density of 572.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 90.58% White, 6.39% African American, 0.20% Native American, 1.07% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.38% from other races, 1.35% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.94% of the population. There were 2,686 households out of which 28.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.8% were married couples living together, 13.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 39.2% were non-families. 35.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.2% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.93. In the city, the population was spread out with 24.2% under the age of 18, 9.9% from 18 to 24, 23.9% from 25 to 44, 20.7% from 45 to 64, 21.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 82.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 75.9 males. The median income for a household in the city was $25,998, the median income for a family was $34,750. Males had a median income of $30,984 versus $22,665 for females; the per capita income for the city was $15,400. About 13.5% of families and 18.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.6% of those under age 18 and 11.7% of those age 65 or over.
Hillsboro City Schools operates two public elementary schools, one middle school, Hillsboro High School. Parochial schools in Hillsboro include Hillsboro Christian Academy and St. Mary Catholic Elementary School; the Central Campus of Southern State Community College is located within the city. Hillsboro has a branch of the Highland County District Library; the Times-Gazette — daily except Sunday and Monday The Highland County Press — weekly WSRW — country music format WLRU-LP - Catholic programming Eliza Thompson, temperance advocate who inspired the founding of the Woman's Christian Temperance Union. R. N. Baskin, mayor of Salt Lake City Milton Caniff, cartoonist Jonas R. Emrie, U. S. Representative, postmaster of Hillsboro Bob McEwen, U. S. Representative Moses F. Shinn, Methodist Episcopal Church minister John Armstrong Smith, U. S. Representative Allen Trimble, 8th & 10th Governor of Ohio Jimmy Yeary, country singer and songwriter Kirby White, Major League Baseball player Joseph J. McDowell, U.
S. Representative Jacob J. Pugsley, U. S. Representative Wilbur M. White, U. S. Representative Hugh Fullerton, sportswriter who exposed the 1919 Black Sox Scandal City of Hillsboro