East Orchard is a small village and parish in the county of Dorset in southern England. It lies in the Blackmore Vale within the North Dorset administrative district, it is situated midway between the hilltop town of Shaftesbury and the riverside town of Sturminster Newton. It is separated from the neighbouring village of West Orchard by a small stream. In 2013 the estimated population of the civil parish was 100. For local government purposes the parish is grouped with the parishes of West Orchard and Margaret Marsh, to form a Group Parish Council; the Orchard listed in the Domesday Book of 1086, is more to refer to "Orchard" near Church Knowle on Purbeck, rather than East and West Orchard. Media related to East Orchard at Wikimedia Commons
Winterborne Tomson is a village in the district of North Dorset, England. The first name of "Winterborne" comes from the River Winterborne, which flows from west to east through the village; the river only flows overground during the winter, hence the name. To the west is Anderson and to the east is Winterborne Zelston; the river flows through both these villages as well. This former parish church is named after St Andrew, it is a small twelfth century building, with flint and rubble a chamfered plinth. The roof is tiled with stone eaves courses, there is a small timber bell-cote at the west end; the oak door is studded. Inside it has white-washed walls and a flag-stoned floor. There is a late medieval gallery with a panelled front at the west end; the box pews are eighteenth century, as are the other furnishings of the church which were given by Archbishop William Wake of Canterbury. According to Nikolaus Pevsner, it is "a gem of a village church, sufficiently different from others to arrest attention."
The church is a Grade I listed building. It fell into disrepair in the early twentieth century and was declared a redundant church, being placed in the care of the Churches Conservation Trust, on 1 June 1972, was vested in the Trust two years later; the picturesque stone Tomson Farmhouse is Grade II * listed. According to Pevsner, it is a building of "real architectural interest." The building is copied from Winterborne Clenston Manor. Winterbourne Newman, John; the Buildings of England: Dorset. Penguin Books. ISBN 0-14-071044-2. Media related to Winterborne Tomson at Wikimedia Commons
Buckhorn Weston is a village and civil parish in the English county of Dorset, situated in the Blackmore Vale in the North Dorset administrative district, about 3 miles west of the town of Gillingham. It lies on the western edge of the former royal hunting ground of Gillingham Forest; the underlying geology is Corallian limestone. In the 2011 census the civil parish had a population of 356. In Saxon times the area was known as Bokere Waston, which meant'hamlet in the wilderness near the dyke'. Saxons invaded the area around 450 AD, driving out existing inhabitants and erecting a heathen temple on the site of a previous place of worship; when the Saxons converted to Christianity in about 600 AD, they built a church to replace the temple. In 1086 Buckhorn Weston was recorded in the Domesday Book as Westone, it was in Gillingham hundred and the tenant-in-chief was Count Robert of Mortain. In 1349 the village was badly affected by the plague and its population much reduced; the estate passed via the Stourton family and the Fane family into the hands of the Stapleton family in 1837 who remained substantial local landowners until the death of Sir Miles Stapleton in 1979.
The village inn still bears the family coat of arms. In celebration of the Millennium, the village was enabled to build a new village hall with the help of significant external funding; the Parish Church of St John the Baptist was well established by the beginning of the 13th century and has existed from earlier times. The present building dates from the 14th and 15th centuries, though in the 19th century much of it was altered, which included the rebuilding of the west tower
Dorset County Council
Dorset County Council was the county council for the county of Dorset in England. It provided the upper tier of local government, below which were district councils, town and parish councils; the county council was based at County Hall in Dorchester. The council was abolished on 31 March 2019 as part of structural changes to local government in Dorset. Dorset County Council's responsibilities included schools, social care for the elderly and vulnerable, road maintenance and trading standards; the county council's area was administered by six smaller authorities that have their own district or borough councils. The responsibilities of these councils included local planning, council housing, refuse collection and leisure facilities, street cleaning; the district areas are further divided into civil parishes, which have "parish councils" or "town councils". Typical activities undertaken by a parish council included maintaining allotments, playing fields and the local community or village hall. On some matters, the county council share responsibilities with the parish councils.
These include economic development and regeneration, emergency planning, tourism promotion and coastal protection. Statutory Instruments for local government reorganisation in the ceremonial county of Dorset were made in May 2018. Under the plans, dubbed "Future Dorset", all existing councils within the county was be abolished and replaced by two new unitary authorities. One was formed from the existing unitary authorities of Bournemouth and Poole which will merge with the non-metropolitan district of Christchurch to create a unitary authority to be known as Bournemouth and Poole Council; the other was created from the merger of the existing non-metropolitan districts of Weymouth and Portland, West Dorset, North Dorset and East Dorset and was to be known as Dorset Council. The two new authorities came into being on 1 April 2019. List of articles about local government in the United Kingdom United Kingdom local elections, 2017 Dorset for You Shadow Dorset Council
England is a country, part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to Scotland to the north-northwest; the Irish Sea lies west of England and the Celtic Sea lies to the southwest. England is separated from continental Europe by the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south; the country covers five-eighths of the island of Great Britain, which lies in the North Atlantic, includes over 100 smaller islands, such as the Isles of Scilly and the Isle of Wight. The area now called England was first inhabited by modern humans during the Upper Palaeolithic period, but takes its name from the Angles, a Germanic tribe deriving its name from the Anglia peninsula, who settled during the 5th and 6th centuries. England became a unified state in the 10th century, since the Age of Discovery, which began during the 15th century, has had a significant cultural and legal impact on the wider world; the English language, the Anglican Church, English law – the basis for the common law legal systems of many other countries around the world – developed in England, the country's parliamentary system of government has been adopted by other nations.
The Industrial Revolution began in 18th-century England, transforming its society into the world's first industrialised nation. England's terrain is chiefly low hills and plains in central and southern England. However, there is upland and mountainous terrain in the west; the capital is London, which has the largest metropolitan area in both the United Kingdom and the European Union. England's population of over 55 million comprises 84% of the population of the United Kingdom concentrated around London, the South East, conurbations in the Midlands, the North West, the North East, Yorkshire, which each developed as major industrial regions during the 19th century; the Kingdom of England – which after 1535 included Wales – ceased being a separate sovereign state on 1 May 1707, when the Acts of Union put into effect the terms agreed in the Treaty of Union the previous year, resulting in a political union with the Kingdom of Scotland to create the Kingdom of Great Britain. In 1801, Great Britain was united with the Kingdom of Ireland to become the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
In 1922 the Irish Free State seceded from the United Kingdom, leading to the latter being renamed the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. The name "England" is derived from the Old English name Englaland, which means "land of the Angles"; the Angles were one of the Germanic tribes that settled in Great Britain during the Early Middle Ages. The Angles came from the Anglia peninsula in the Bay of Kiel area of the Baltic Sea; the earliest recorded use of the term, as "Engla londe", is in the late-ninth-century translation into Old English of Bede's Ecclesiastical History of the English People. The term was used in a different sense to the modern one, meaning "the land inhabited by the English", it included English people in what is now south-east Scotland but was part of the English kingdom of Northumbria; the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle recorded that the Domesday Book of 1086 covered the whole of England, meaning the English kingdom, but a few years the Chronicle stated that King Malcolm III went "out of Scotlande into Lothian in Englaland", thus using it in the more ancient sense.
According to the Oxford English Dictionary, its modern spelling was first used in 1538. The earliest attested reference to the Angles occurs in the 1st-century work by Tacitus, Germania, in which the Latin word Anglii is used; the etymology of the tribal name itself is disputed by scholars. How and why a term derived from the name of a tribe, less significant than others, such as the Saxons, came to be used for the entire country and its people is not known, but it seems this is related to the custom of calling the Germanic people in Britain Angli Saxones or English Saxons to distinguish them from continental Saxons of Old Saxony between the Weser and Eider rivers in Northern Germany. In Scottish Gaelic, another language which developed on the island of Great Britain, the Saxon tribe gave their name to the word for England. An alternative name for England is Albion; the name Albion referred to the entire island of Great Britain. The nominally earliest record of the name appears in the Aristotelian Corpus the 4th-century BC De Mundo: "Beyond the Pillars of Hercules is the ocean that flows round the earth.
In it are two large islands called Britannia. But modern scholarly consensus ascribes De Mundo not to Aristotle but to Pseudo-Aristotle, i.e. it was written in the Graeco-Roman period or afterwards. The word Albion or insula Albionum has two possible origins, it either derives from a cognate of the Latin albus meaning white, a reference to the white cliffs of Dover or from the phrase the "island of the Albiones" in the now lost Massaliote Periplus, attested through Avienus' Ora Maritima to which the former served as a source. Albion is now applied to England in a more poetic capacity. Another romantic name for England is Loegria, related to the Welsh word for England and made popular by its use in Arthurian legend; the earliest known evidence of human presence in the area now known as England was that of Homo antecessor, dating to approximate
Child Okeford is a village and civil parish in the county of Dorset in southern England, situated 3 miles east of the small town of Sturminster Newton in the North Dorset administrative district. Child Okeford lies downstream from Sturminster, along the River Stour, which passes half a mile west of the village. In the 2011 census the civil parish had a population of 1,114. On Hambledon Hill to the east of the village are a Neolithic ceremonial burial site and an Iron Age hill fort; the latter is rich in occupation remains. It occupies the entire northern spur of the hill above 140 metres and has been described as "one of the most impressive earthworks in southern England". In the Domesday Book of 1086 Child Okeford appears in two entries, it had a total taxable value of 10 geld units. By 1227 the village was known as Childacford; the village's name derives from the Old English cild, meaning a noble-born son, plus ac and ford Old English, meaning an oak-tree ford. The noble-born son referred to an early owner.
In 1645 Hambledon Hill was the site of a battle in the English Civil War. Under the leadership of the rector of nearby Compton Abbas, 2,000 of them assembled on the hill and defied Oliver Cromwell's requests to lay down their arms. Cromwell sent in troops and defeated them locked up 300 prisoners in the church at Iwerne Courtney and extracted promises of good behaviour. Cromwell wrote of them as being "poor silly creatures" who "promise to be dutiful for time to come". A century General James Wolfe used the hill's steeper sides to prepare his troops. A World War I war memorial in the form of a stone cross stands at the road junction known in the village as The Cross; the Somerset and Dorset Railway ran to the west of the village, through neighbouring Shillingstone, until the line closed in 1966 under the Beeching cuts. The Shillingstone Station, however, is being refurbished under the Shillingstone Station Project. Child Okeford parish covers 1,570 acres at an altitude of about 40 to 190 metres, though the major part is below about 90 metres.
The underlying geology is Kimmeridge clay and lower greensand, some chalk in the east and river gravels by the River Stour. In the 2011 census Child Okeford civil parish had 533 dwellings, 503 households and a population of 1,114; the population of the parish in the censuses between 1921 and 2001 is shown in the table below: Child Okeford has a village hall, community centre, playing field, doctor's surgery, post office and general store, Church of England primary school, a nursery or educational support centre for children age 0–11 years. Gold Hill Farm, a small business community, is home to an organic food shop, a café, a rushwork workshop and an art gallery. In 1561 William Kethe was appointed vicar of the parish, he remained in the village until his death in 1594. Kethe wrote the hymns O worship the King, all glorious above and All people that on earth do dwell, the latter adapted from Psalm 100 and set to the tune of The Old Hundredth. Other well known people who live or lived in the village include the composer Sir John Tavener, who lived in the village until his death in 2013, TV presenter Harry Corbett, originator of Sooty and Sweep, who lived here until his death in 1989, TV presenter Mick Robertson, known for Magpie, politician David James, who lived in the village whilst Conservative MP for North Dorset, actor Tom Mennard, known for the character Sam Tindall in Coronation Street.
19. Knight, Ancient Stones of Dorset, 1998. Enid Blyton, “5 go mad in Dorset” Media related to Child Okeford at Wikimedia Commons
The United Kingdom the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, sometimes referred to as Britain, is a sovereign country located off the north-western coast of the European mainland. The United Kingdom includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland, many smaller islands. Northern Ireland is the only part of the United Kingdom that shares a land border with another sovereign state, the Republic of Ireland. Apart from this land border, the United Kingdom is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the North Sea to the east, the English Channel to the south and the Celtic Sea to the south-west, giving it the 12th-longest coastline in the world; the Irish Sea lies between Great Ireland. With an area of 242,500 square kilometres, the United Kingdom is the 78th-largest sovereign state in the world, it is the 22nd-most populous country, with an estimated 66.0 million inhabitants in 2017. The UK is constitutional monarchy; the current monarch is Queen Elizabeth II, who has reigned since 1952, making her the longest-serving current head of state.
The United Kingdom's capital and largest city is London, a global city and financial centre with an urban area population of 10.3 million. Other major urban areas in the UK include Greater Manchester, the West Midlands and West Yorkshire conurbations, Greater Glasgow and the Liverpool Built-up Area; the United Kingdom consists of four constituent countries: England, Scotland and Northern Ireland. Their capitals are London, Edinburgh and Belfast, respectively. Apart from England, the countries have their own devolved governments, each with varying powers, but such power is delegated by the Parliament of the United Kingdom, which may enact laws unilaterally altering or abolishing devolution; the nearby Isle of Man, Bailiwick of Guernsey and Bailiwick of Jersey are not part of the UK, being Crown dependencies with the British Government responsible for defence and international representation. The medieval conquest and subsequent annexation of Wales by the Kingdom of England, followed by the union between England and Scotland in 1707 to form the Kingdom of Great Britain, the union in 1801 of Great Britain with the Kingdom of Ireland created the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
Five-sixths of Ireland seceded from the UK in 1922, leaving the present formulation of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. There are fourteen British Overseas Territories, the remnants of the British Empire which, at its height in the 1920s, encompassed a quarter of the world's land mass and was the largest empire in history. British influence can be observed in the language and political systems of many of its former colonies; the United Kingdom is a developed country and has the world's fifth-largest economy by nominal GDP and ninth-largest economy by purchasing power parity. It has a high-income economy and has a high Human Development Index rating, ranking 14th in the world, it was the world's first industrialised country and the world's foremost power during the 19th and early 20th centuries. The UK remains a great power, with considerable economic, military and political influence internationally, it is sixth in military expenditure in the world. It has been a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council since its first session in 1946.
It has been a leading member state of the European Union and its predecessor, the European Economic Community, since 1973. The United Kingdom is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations, the Council of Europe, the G7, the G20, NATO, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development and the World Trade Organization; the 1707 Acts of Union declared that the kingdoms of England and Scotland were "United into One Kingdom by the Name of Great Britain". The term "United Kingdom" has been used as a description for the former kingdom of Great Britain, although its official name from 1707 to 1800 was "Great Britain"; the Acts of Union 1800 united the kingdom of Great Britain and the kingdom of Ireland in 1801, forming the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. Following the partition of Ireland and the independence of the Irish Free State in 1922, which left Northern Ireland as the only part of the island of Ireland within the United Kingdom, the name was changed to the "United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland".
Although the United Kingdom is a sovereign country, Scotland and Northern Ireland are widely referred to as countries. The UK Prime Minister's website has used the phrase "countries within a country" to describe the United Kingdom; some statistical summaries, such as those for the twelve NUTS 1 regions of the United Kingdom refer to Scotland and Northern Ireland as "regions". Northern Ireland is referred to as a "province". With regard to Northern Ireland, the descriptive name used "can be controversial, with the choice revealing one's political preferences"; the term "Great Britain" conventionally refers to the island of Great Britain, or politically to England and Wales in combination. However, it is sometimes used as a loose synonym for the United Kingdom as a whole; the term "Britain" is used both as a synonym for Great Britain, as a synonym for the United Kingdom. Usage is mixed, with the BBC preferring to use Britain as shorthand only for Great Britain and the UK Government, while accepting that both terms refer to the United K