Germans are a Germanic ethnic group native to Central Europe, who share a common German ancestry and history. German is the shared mother tongue of a substantial majority of ethnic Germans; the English term Germans has referred to the German-speaking population of the Holy Roman Empire since the Late Middle Ages. Since the outbreak of the Protestant Reformation within the Holy Roman Empire, German society has been characterized by a Catholic-Protestant divide. Of 100 million native speakers of German in the world 80 million consider themselves Germans. There are an additional 80 million people of German ancestry in the United States, Argentina, South Africa, the post-Soviet states, France, each accounting for at least 1 million. Thus, the total number of Germans lies somewhere between 100 and more than 150 million, depending on the criteria applied. Today, people from countries with German-speaking majorities most subscribe to their own national identities and may or may not self-identify as ethnically German.
The German term Deutsche originates from the Old High German word diutisc, referring to the Germanic "language of the people". It is not clear how if at all, the word was used as an ethnonym in Old High German. Used as a noun, ein diutscher in the sense of "a German" emerges in Middle High German, attested from the second half of the 12th century; the Old French term alemans is taken from the name of the Alamanni. It was loaned into Middle English as almains in the early 14th century; the word Dutch is attested in English from the 14th century, denoting continental West Germanic dialects and their speakers. While in most Romance languages the Germans have been named from the Alamanni, the Old Norse and Estonian names for the Germans were taken from that of the Saxons. In Slavic languages, the Germans were given the name of němьci with a meaning "foreigner, one who does not speak "; the English term Germans is only attested from the mid-16th century, based on the classical Latin term Germani used by Julius Caesar and Tacitus.
It replaced Dutch and Almains, the latter becoming obsolete by the early 18th century. The Germans are a Germanic people. Part of the Holy Roman Empire, around 300 independent German states emerged during its decline after the Peace of Westphalia in 1648 ending the Thirty Years War; these states formed into modern Germany in the 19th century. The concept of a German ethnicity is linked to Germanic tribes of antiquity in central Europe; the early Germans originated on the North German Plain as well as southern Scandinavia. By the 2nd century BC, the number of Germans was increasing and they began expanding into eastern Europe and southward into Celtic territory. During antiquity these Germanic tribes remained separate from each other and did not have writing systems at that time. In the European Iron Age the area, now Germany was divided into the La Tène horizon in Southern Germany and the Jastorf culture in Northern Germany. By 55 BC, the Germans had reached the Danube river and had either assimilated or otherwise driven out the Celts who had lived there, had spread west into what is now Belgium and France.
Conflict between the Germanic tribes and the forces of Rome under Julius Caesar forced major Germanic tribes to retreat to the east bank of the Rhine. Roman emperor Augustus in 12 BC ordered the conquest of the Germans, but the catastrophic Roman defeat at the Battle of the Teutoburg Forest resulted in the Roman Empire abandoning its plans to conquer Germania. Germanic peoples in Roman territory were culturally Romanized, although much of Germania remained free of direct Roman rule, Rome influenced the development of German society the adoption of Christianity by the Germans who obtained it from the Romans. In Roman-held territories with Germanic populations, the Germanic and Roman peoples intermarried, Roman and Christian traditions intermingled; the adoption of Christianity would become a major influence in the development of a common German identity. The first major public figure to speak of a German people in general, was the Roman figure Tacitus in his work Germania around 100 AD; however an actual united German identity and ethnicity did not exist and it would take centuries of development of German culture until the concept of a German ethnicity began to become a popular identity.
The Germanic peoples during the Migrations Period came into contact with other peoples. The Limes Germanicus was breached in AD 260. Migrating Germanic tribes commingled with the local Gallo-Roman populations in what is now Swabia and Bavaria; the arrival of the Huns in Europe resulted in Hun conquest of large parts of Eastern Europe, the Huns were allies of the Roman Empire who fought against Germanic tribes, but the Huns cooperated with the Germanic tribe of the Ostrogoths, large numbers of Germans lived within the lands of the Hunnic Empire of
The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti
Anderson University (South Carolina)
Anderson University is a selective private comprehensive university located in Anderson, South Carolina. The university offers bachelors and doctoral degrees in 78 areas of study. Anderson is affiliated with the South Carolina Baptist Convention and is accredited as a Level V institution by the Commission on Colleges of the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools. Anderson participates in the NCAA Division II athletics and is a member of the South Atlantic Conference. Anderson was the 19th fastest growing private master’s university in the United States from 2006 to 2016, more than doubling its enrollment during the decade. Anderson has been recognized three times as an Apple Distinguished School by Inc.. Re-established in 1911 as Anderson College, it was the direct and only successor to Johnson University, founded in 1848 by local Baptist leaders. Anderson was a female college until 1931 when it became co-ed, in 2006 it was re-styled Anderson University, it consists of eight distinct colleges and schools: South Carolina School of the Arts, Clamp Divinity School and Sciences, Christian Studies, Health Professions, Interior Design, Public Service & Public Administration.
Anderson University traces its heritage and initial founding to 1848 in the form of Johnson Female Seminary, located in Anderson, South Carolina. The seminary was founded by Anderson citizens Daniel Brown, J. P. Reed, Stephen McCulley. Johnson Female Seminary was named for the Rev. William Bullein Johnson, an early Baptist statesman, a founder and first Vice President of the South Carolina Baptist Convention, the first president of the Southern Baptist Convention. Johnson served as the first chancellor of Johnson University. By 1857 Johnson University had around 600 students taking courses in calculus and Greek. In 1858 Johnson's health declined and in 1862 he passed away. Johnson's home still stands in Anderson and his portrait hangs in perpetuity in the Truett Cathy Old Common Room in Merritt Hall on the Anderson University campus. Johnson was buried in the cemetery of First Baptist Church of Anderson; the university closed its doors due to the combined impact of Rev. Johnson's untimely death and the onset of the Civil War.
The main building of Johnson University became a Confederate treasury and printing press during the civil war until 1865 when Union forces occupied the building. After the war the Carolina Collegiate Institute and Patrick Military Institute used the buildings of the seminary for educational purposes until 1920; the buildings of Johnson University were demolished around 1920. Shortly after the turn of the century, those who fondly remembered the impact that Johnson University had on the region developed a compelling vision of resurrecting the institution in the form of Anderson College in 1911; the name Anderson comes from the name Anderson, South Carolina, named after Robert Anderson who fought in the American Revolutionary War. The Anderson Chamber of Commerce secured 32 acres for the new campus; the land and funds were given to the South Carolina Baptist State Convention to establish the college. The Merritt Administration Building was the first building constructed on the land. For a time this was the only building dedicated to academics.
It would house only the president's office and the Merritt Theatre. At the outset there were financial problems until Dr. Annie Denmark became President in 1929. Denmark became the first female college president in South Carolina. Denmark's inauguration as President on February 14, 1929 established the tradition for Anderson College as Founder's Day celebrating the day of chartering the institution. In 1931 Anderson College became a co-educational junior college. In the 1990s Anderson returned to its status and offerings as a four-year institution. In 2004, President Evans Whitaker led the campus and community to envision the university in new dimensions of impact and influence in the South. With strategic plans for mission expansion, academic innovation, the initiation of graduate programs, Anderson College was re-styled Anderson University in 2006. On the occasion of the first commencement as Anderson University, S. Truett Cathy, founder of Chick-fil-A, his son Dan Cathy received honorary degrees from Anderson University for exemplifying the character and vision Christian businessmen should possess.
In June 2011 Anderson University became the host of the Palmetto Boys State. In 2012 Anderson University joined the University Center of Greenville becoming the first educational institution in 20 years to join. In 2013, Anderson University received a $143,000 grant from the South Carolina Commission on Higher Education to duplicate the success of its groundbreaking MLI in South Carolina public schools. A new 60,000 square foot library was opened in 2006. Five new residence halls were constructed and a student townhome complex was acquired. A new 90,000 square foot student center was opened in fall 2016. Anderson University launched an initiative in 2011 called the Mobile Learning Initiative or MLI, which has three times garnered recognition by Apple Inc. Apple Distinguished Schools are centers of leadership and educational excellence that demonstrate Apple's vision for learning and technology. Apple considers these schools some of the most innovative schools in the world. Apple technology is part of the fabric of the Anderson University learning experience.
Chemistry and biochemistry students use digital microscopes and produce media. In the Coding and App Development minor developed with Apple, student teams use Swift and Xcode to develop apps that help solve real-world problems. Nursing students use iPad to receive performance
Americans are nationals and citizens of the United States of America. Although nationals and citizens make up the majority of Americans, some dual citizens and permanent residents may claim American nationality; the United States is home to people of many different ethnic origins. As a result, American culture and law does not equate nationality with race or ethnicity, but with citizenship and permanent allegiance. English-speakers, speakers of many other languages use the term "American" to mean people of the United States; the word "American" can refer to people from the Americas in general. The majority of Americans or their ancestors immigrated to America or are descended from people who were brought as slaves within the past five centuries, with the exception of the Native American population and people from Hawaii, Puerto Rico and the Philippine Islands, who became American through expansion of the country in the 19th century, additionally America expanded into American Samoa, the U. S. Virgin Islands and Northern Mariana Islands in the 20th century.
Despite its multi-ethnic composition, the culture of the United States held in common by most Americans can be referred to as mainstream American culture, a Western culture derived from the traditions of Northern and Western European colonists and immigrants. It includes influences of African-American culture. Westward expansion integrated the Creoles and Cajuns of Louisiana and the Hispanos of the Southwest and brought close contact with the culture of Mexico. Large-scale immigration in the late 19th and early 20th centuries from Southern and Eastern Europe introduced a variety of elements. Immigration from Asia and Latin America has had impact. A cultural melting pot, or pluralistic salad bowl, describes the way in which generations of Americans have celebrated and exchanged distinctive cultural characteristics. In addition to the United States and people of American descent can be found internationally; as many as seven million Americans are estimated to be living abroad, make up the American diaspora.
The United States of America is a diverse country and ethnically. Six races are recognized by the U. S. Census Bureau for statistical purposes: White, American Indian and Alaska Native, Black or African American, Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander, people of two or more races. "Some other race" is an option in the census and other surveys. The United States Census Bureau classifies Americans as "Hispanic or Latino" and "Not Hispanic or Latino", which identifies Hispanic and Latino Americans as a racially diverse ethnicity that comprises the largest minority group in the nation. People of European descent, or White Americans, constitute the majority of the 308 million people living in the United States, with 72.4% of the population in the 2010 United States Census. They are considered people who trace their ancestry to the original peoples of Europe, the Middle East, North Africa. Of those reporting to be White American, 7,487,133 reported to be Multiracial. Additionally, there are Latinos.
Non-Hispanic Whites are the majority in 46 states. There are four minority-majority states: California, New Mexico, Hawaii. In addition, the District of Columbia has a non-white majority; the state with the highest percentage of non-Hispanic White Americans is Maine. The largest continental ancestral group of Americans are that of Europeans who have origins in any of the original peoples of Europe; this includes people via African, North American, Central American or South American and Oceanian nations that have a large European descended population. The Spanish were some of the first Europeans to establish a continuous presence in what is now the United States in 1565. Martín de Argüelles born 1566, San Agustín, La Florida a part of New Spain, was the first person of European descent born in what is now the United States. Twenty-one years Virginia Dare born 1587 Roanoke Island in present-day North Carolina, was the first child born in the original Thirteen Colonies to English parents. In the 2017 American Community Survey, German Americans, Irish Americans, English Americans and Italian Americans were the four largest self-reported European ancestry groups in the United States forming 35.1% of the total population.
However, the English Americans and British Americans demography is considered a serious under-count as they tend to self-report and identify as "Americans" due to the length of time they have inhabited America. This is over-represented in the Upland South, a region, settled by the British. Overall, as the largest group, European Americans have the lowest poverty rate and the second highest educational attainment levels, median household income, median personal income of any racial demographic in the nation. According to the American Jewish Archives and the Arab American National Museum, some of the first Middle Easterners and North Africans arrived in the Americas between the late 15th and mid-16th centuries. Many were fleeing ethnic or ethnoreligious persecution during the Spanish Inquisition, a few were taken to the Americas as slaves. In 2014, The United States Census Bureau began finalizing the ethnic classification of MENA populations. According to the Arab American Institute, Arab
Pickens County, South Carolina
Pickens County is a county in the northwest part of the U. S. state of South Carolina. As of the 2010 census, its population was 119,224, its county seat is Pickens. The county was created in 1826, it is part of SC Metropolitan Statistical Area. Pickens County was Cherokee Indian Territory until the American Revolution; the Cherokees sided with the British, suffered defeat, surrendered their South Carolina lands. This former Cherokee territory was included in the Ninety-Six Judicial District. In 1791 the state legislature established Washington District, a judicial area composed of present-day Greenville, Anderson and Oconee counties, composed of Greenville and Pendleton counties. Streets for the courthouse town of Pickensville were laid off, soon a cluster of buildings arose that included a large wooden hotel, which served as a stagecoach stop. In 1798 Washington District was divided into Pendleton districts; the latter included what became Anderson and Pickens counties. A new courthouse was erected at Pendleton to accommodate the Court of General Sessions and Common Pleas, soon thereafter Pickensville began to decline.
In view of the growing population and poor transportation facilities in Pendleton District, the legislature divided it into counties in 1826, a year decided instead to divide the area into districts. The legislation went into effect in 1828; the lower part became Anderson and the upper Pickens, named in honor of the Revolutionary soldier, Brigadier General Andrew Pickens, whose home Hopewell was on the southern border of the district. A courthouse was established on the west bank of the Keowee River, a small town called Pickens Court House soon developed By 1860 Pickens District had a population of over 19,000 persons of whom 22 percent were slaves; the district was rural and agricultural. Its small industry consisted of sawmills, a few other shops producing goods for home consumption; the district's Protestant churches were numerous. The Blue Ridge Railroad reached the district in September 1860. There was little combat between the two sides during the Civil War the district was plundered by marauders and deserters who swept down from the mountains.
The war left the region destitute. The South Carolina Constitutional Convention of 1868, meeting during the first year of Congressional Reconstruction, changed the name district to county throughout the state; the Convention established Oconee County out of the portion of Pickens District west of the Keowee and Seneca rivers plus a small area around the Fort Hill estate that belonged to John C. Calhoun; this small area around the Calhoun property was transferred to Pickens County in the 1960s. A new courthouse for Pickens County was erected at its present location, many of the residents of Old Pickens on the Keowee moved to the newly created town, some with their dismantled homes; the loss of the Oconee area reduced the county's population. It did not again reach 19,000 until 1900; the county's growth was accelerated by the building of the Atlanta and Charlotte Air Line Railroad in the 1870s. The town of Easley, named for General W. K. Easley, was chartered in 1874. Liberty and Central were soon incorporated.
Calhoun came into being in the 1890s, to be followed in the early 1900s by Six Mile and Norris as incorporated areas. A major factor in Pickens County's growth was the coming of the textile industry; the county's first modern cotton mill, organized by D. K. Norris and others, was established at Cateechee in 1895. By 1900 the county could boast of three cotton mills, two railroads, three banks, three roller mills, thirty-seven sawmills, ten shingle mills, four brickyards, yet until 1940, with a population of 37,000, the county remained rural and agricultural. Like many other Piedmont counties, Pickens had a one-crop economy, its citizens were engaged in growing cotton or manufacturing it into cloth. A notable change in the Pickens landscape was the coming of paved highways; the most significant developments in the county's history have occurred since World War II. By 1972 there were 99 manufacturing plants in the county employing 15,000 personnel and producing not only textiles but a wide variety of other products.
The population today is estimated to be 93,894 residents. There is a heavy in-migration to Pickens County because of its climate, industrial opportunity, proximity to Greenville's labor market, scenic beauty. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 512 square miles, of which 496 square miles is land and 16 square miles is water; the county contains the highest natural point in South Carolina, Sassafras Mountain, with an elevation of 3560 feet. Table Rock State Park is in Pickens County. Pickens County is in the Savannah River basin, the Saluda River basin, the French Broad River basin. Transylvania County, North Carolina – north Greenville County – east Anderson County – south Oconee County – west US 76 US 123 US 178 As of the census of 2000, there were 110,757 people, 41,306 households, 28,459 families residing in the county; the population density was 223 people per square mile. There were 46,000 housing units at an average density of 93 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 90.27% White, 6.82% Black or African American, 0.16% Native American, 1.18% A
Anderson, South Carolina
Anderson is a city in and the county seat of Anderson County, South Carolina, United States. The population was 26,686 at the 2010 census, the city was the center of an urbanized area of 75,702, it is one of the principal cities in the Greenville-Anderson--Mauldin Metropolitan Statistical Area, which had a population of 824,112 at the 2010 census. It is further included in the larger Greenville-Spartanburg-Anderson, South Carolina Combined Statistical Area, with a total population of 1,266,995, at the 2010 census. Anderson is 120 miles from Atlanta and 140 miles from Charlotte. Anderson is the smallest of the three primary cities that makes up the Upstate region and is nicknamed "The Electric City" and "The Friendliest City in South Carolina". Anderson's spirit and quality of life have earned national recognition as Anderson County was named an "All-America City" in 2000. Anderson is the home of Anderson University, a selective private comprehensive university of 3,400 undergraduate and graduate students.
Cherokee first settled the area of. During the American Revolution the Cherokee sided with the British. After the American Revolutionary War the Cherokee's land was acquired as war reparations and colonized. In 1791 the South Carolina legislature created the Washington District which comprised Greenville, Anderson and Pickens counties; the Washington District was divided into Greenville and Pendleton districts. Anderson and Oconee comprised the newly created Pendleton district. Anderson was settled in 1826 and incorporated in 1828 as Anderson Court House separating from the Pendleton district; the name Anderson is in honor of Robert Anderson who fought in the American Revolutionary War and explored the Anderson region in the mid-18th century. Anderson District was established in 1826 out of the Pendleton district. In 1851 the Johnson Female Seminary was established in Anderson as the first college of the town and was named after William Bullein Johnson. One year the seminary was renamed Johnson University.
During the American Civil War Johnson University was closed and converted into a Confederate treasury. On May 1, 1865 Union forces invaded Anderson looking for the Confederate treasury; the treasury office of Anderson was ransacked by Union forces and the main building of Johnson University was used as a Union headquarters. A minor skirmish erupted at the Battle of Anderson leading to two Union casualties. After the war a Union garrison was stationed in Anderson. Anderson became one of the first cities in the Southeastern United States to have electricity. Electricity to Anderson was established by William C. Whitner in 1895 at a hydroelectric plant on the Rocky River giving the city the name "The Electric City." Anderson became the first city in the world to supply a cotton gin by electricity. In 1895 Anderson Court House was renamed to Anderson. In 1897 Whitner's plant was upgraded with a 10,000 volt generating station at Portman Shoals. Whitner's power plant at Portman Shoals became the first hydroelectric plant in the United States to generate high voltage without step-up transformers.
The Portman Dam was swept away in 1901 forcing Anderson to be in darkness until it was rebuilt in 1902. In 1911 Anderson College was established by the Anderson Chamber of Commerce. Anderson College was a successor to the Johnson Female Seminary and is affiliated with the South Carolina Baptist Convention in particular the First Baptist Church of Anderson. Anderson College became a co-ed two year junior college in 1930 and in 2006 it became Anderson University. Anderson is located in the northwest corner of South Carolina on the Piedmont plateau. Anderson is a 1-hour drive from the Blue Ridge Mountains and a four-hour drive from the South Carolina coast. Anderson lies at the midpoint of the busy I-85 corridor between Atlanta and Charlotte, North Carolina. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 14.6 square miles, of which 14.6 square miles is land and 0.039 square miles, or 0.30%, is water. Anderson College Historic District Anderson Downtown Historic District Anderson Historic District McDuffie Street Historic District South Boulevard Historic District Westside Historic District Whitner Street Historic DistrictOther historical locations Caldwell-Johnson-Morris Cottage Denver Downs Farmstead Kennedy Street School North Anderson Historic District Dr. Samuel Marshall Orr House Ralph John Ramer House Anderson Memorial Stadium — A ballfield/stadium on 12 acres of land on White Road.
Renovated in 2007 with stadium-style seating. Home to the Anderson University Trojans. Anderson Sports and Entertainment Center — A 300-acre area that includes the Anderson Civic Center, a 37,000 square feet facility, as well as one of South Carolina's largest amphitheaters that can accommodate 15,000 people, a huge castle-like play structure with play equipment, a 64-acre sports center with 7 baseball/softball fields, 3 soccer fields, disc golf course, 8 tennis courts. There is a lake with park, picnic shelters, miles of nature trail; the ASCE is Anderson's largest recreational area. Anderson's economy revolves around manufacturing. Anderson has over 230 manufacturers, including 22 international companies. In the county, Anderson has a thriving business climate; the top major industries in Anderson include manufacturers of automotive products, metal products, industrial machinery, plastics and textiles. Two industries that many times interconnect are automotive sectors. There are more than 27 BMW suppliers in the Upstate region, recognized internationally as an automotive suppl
South Carolina's 3rd congressional district
The 3rd Congressional District of South Carolina is a congressional district in western South Carolina bordering both Georgia and North Carolina. It includes all of Abbeville, Edgefield, Laurens, McCormick, Oconee and Saluda counties and portions of Greenville and Newberry counties; the district is rural, but much of the economy revolves around the manufacturing centers of Anderson and Greenwood. The district was a Democratic stronghold, Democrats continued to hold most local offices well into the 1990s. However, most residents share the conservative views of their counterparts in the 4th district and the district has elected Republicans since 1994. Republicans now dominate the district's politics at all levels scoring margins rivaling those in the 4th. Indeed, no Democrat has cleared the 40 percent mark in the district in a quarter-century. South Carolina's senior Senator, Lindsey Graham, held this seat from 1995 to 2003, he was succeeded by J. Gresham Barrett. State Rep. Jeff Duncan won the seat in 2010.
From 2003 to 2013 the district included all of Abbeville, Edgefield, Greenwood, McCormick, Oconee and Saluda counties and most of Aiken and Laurens counties. South Carolina's congressional districts List of United States congressional districts Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present