Racing de Santander
Real Racing Club de Santander, S. A. D. known as Racing de Santander, is a Spanish football club based in Santander, in the autonomous community of Cantabria. Founded in 1913, it plays in Segunda División B – Group 2, holding home games at Estadio El Sardinero, with a capacity for 22,222 spectators, it is one of the ten founding clubs of La Liga. Racing de Santander played its first match on 23 February 1913, it was founded on 14 June, as Santander Racing Club, appearing in its first tournament during that summer and being admitted to the Northern Federation on 14 November merging with Santander Football Club. In the 1928/29 season, the Spanish League competition began. After a complicated elimination process to determine the tenth and final team for the new First Division, Racing successively beat Valencia and Sevilla; the club was part of the first goalless game in the league, against Athletic Club. During the Second Republic, the classifications of Santander varied. In the 1930/31, It achieved the subchampionship of the Spanish League, tied at 22 points with champion Athletic Club, third-place Real Sociedad.
This is the highest level achieved by the club in all its history, trained by the English Robert Firth and chaired by Fernando Pombo. They participated in the International Tournament of Paris, falling in the semifinal to Slavia of Prague. In the 1930s, under the presidency of the academic José María de Cossío, it had varied positions, from third place in to low table rankings. In seasons Racing played in the Commonwealth Championship of Castilla-Aragón, in which it finished second in the first season. Meanwhile, in Cantabria a lesser championship was disputed, not qualifying for the Spanish Cup. During the 1935/36 season, Racing was the first club in the Spanish league to beat Barcelona and Real Madrid in the four league matches in the same season: on 8 December 1935 won 4-0 against Barcelona in the Campos de Sport de El Sardinero, on 15 December won in Madrid 2-4, on 8 March 1936 beat Barcelona 2-3 and on 15 March defeated Madrid 4-3 at El Sardinero; the only player to score in all matches was Milucho.
In 1950, the Cantabrians returned to the top flight after a ten-year absence, scoring 99 goals in only 30 games. During the period of Francoist Spain, the club was renamed Real Santander in 1941, because of the prohibition on non-Spanish names; the name was restored in 1973 as the team returned to the first division one year after nearly relegating, under young manager José María Maguregui. Racing de Santander was relegated, And spent the ensuing seasons bouncing between divisions one and two being crowned champions in Segunda División B in 1991. Veteran Quique Setién returned to his main club the following year, helping it return to the top flight and scoring in the 1994–95 campaign against FC Barcelona, in a historic 5–0 home win. Racing was the first Spanish team to wear a sponsor's name on their shirt: German electronics company Teka on 27 December 1981 away to Real Madrid. In the 2000s, Racing only played one season in the second division, winning promotion with Setién as manager. In 2007–08, under Marcelino García Toral, it finished in sixth position, thus qualifying to the UEFA Cup for the first time ever.
On 22 January 2011, Indian business tycoon Ahsan Ali Syed and chairman of Western Gulf Advisory, an investment company, purchased Racing de Santander firing coach Miguel Ángel Portugal. The 2011–12 season brought with it three different managers, the side returned to the second level after one full decade in the top division. At the end of the following campaign, Racing again finished in 20th position and suffered relegation being immersed in a severe institutional and economic crisis. In spite of that plight, the team was able to reach the quarterfinals in the 2013–14 edition of the domestic cup after ousting top-divisioners Sevilla FC and UD Almería. On 27 January 2014, Racing's players, citing several months of unpaid wages, announced they would not play their upcoming Cup match unless the club's president and board resigned. Three days prior to the second leg against Real Sociedad and after a 1–3 loss in the first match, Racing players gathered at the centre circle after kick-off and refused to play.
Referee Jesús Gil Manzano suspended the game after one minute, the home team was given a loss due to forfeit. Racing won their group in the 2013–14 Segunda División B, won the playoff against Llagostera to be promoted back to the second tier, but they were relegated in the 2014–15 season, they again took first place in the Segunda B section in 2015–16, but were eliminated in the promotion playoffs, failing to score a goal across four matches in the ties lost to Reus and Cadiz. 44 seasons in La Liga 33 seasons in Segunda División 6 seasons in Segunda División B 4 seasons in Tercera División Seg
Montevideo Wanderers F.C.
Montevideo Wanderers Fútbol Club known as Wanderers is a Uruguayan football club based in Montevideo. The club are members of the Primera División and play at the Estadio Viera; as well as football, the club has teams playing basketball, athletics, futsal and pelota. The club was founded in 1902, they joined the Primera División in 1903, winning it in 1906 and 1909. In 1908 they won the Copa de Honor Cousenier, they won the Copa de Honor for a second time in 1910, before going on to win the Copa Cusenier again in 1912. In 1923 the club began entering a team in the league created by the breakaway Uruguayan Football Association, they won the league in its first season. By the end of the 1940s the club was suffering from financial problems, to avoid bankruptcy several of their best players – including Obdulio Varela and José María Medina – were sold. In 1961 they were relegated to the second tier. Although they returned to the Primera División, they were relegated again in 1966. In 1969 the club moved to Las Piedras.
They returned to both the Primera División and Montevideo in 1974, qualifying for the Copa Libertadores in their first season back in the top division. The club suffered further financial problems in the 1990s, were relegated at the end of the 1998 season, they returned to the Primera División again in 2001. The club had more than four home grounds during its first 30 years, including Liverpool's current stadium, Estadio Belvedere, its current home stadium is Estadio Viera located in the Prado neighbourhood of Montevideo. Primera División: 1906, 1909, 1931 Primera División: 1923 Copa de Honor Cousenier: 1908 Tie Cup: 1911, 1917, 1918 Notes Updated on 17 March 2018 Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Gregorio Pérez Daniel Carreño Santiago Ostolaza Daniel Carreño Diego Aguirre Jorge Miguel Goncalves Salvador Capitano José Alberto Rossi Daniel Carreño Alfredo Arias Gastón Machado Jorge Giordano Official site
Club Nacional de Football
Club Nacional de Football is a sports institution from Uruguay, founded on 14 May 1899 in Montevideo, as a result of the fusion between Uruguay Athletic Club and Montevideo Fútbol Club. Although its main focus is football, the club hosts many other activities including basketball, tennis, cycling and chess. In domestic tournaments, Nacional has won the Primera División title 46 times, most in the 2016 season. Domestic cups honours include Copa de Copa de Honor, among others. At international level, Nacional has won 21 titles, nine of them recognised by FIFA and CONMEBOL, including three Copa Libertadores. In this tournament, Nacional is the all-time leader with 553 points. Nacional has won all three Copa Intercontinental it has competed in, becoming the first three time world champion in 1988. In addition, Nacional is the only Uruguayan team to have won the Copa Interamericana and the Recopa Sudamericana. In the latter competition Nacional won the inaugural edition in 1989. Besides, Nacional won four Copa de Honor Cousenier, three Copa Aldao two Tie Cup, one Copa Escobar-Gerona, all of them organized jointly by the Argentine and Uruguayan Associations.
Nacional is identified with the white and red colours inspired by the flag of Uruguay's national hero José Gervasio Artigas. While the club hosts some games at Montevideo's Estadio Centenario, Nacional plays most of its home matches at the Parque Central, located in the La Blanqueada neighbourhood and popularly known as El Parque, where on 13 July 1930 Belgium and the United States played one of the two opening games of the 1930 FIFA World Cup, where Argentina and Brazil, among others, made their debut in the FIFA World Cup. Parque Central was the only venue in the 1923 and 1924 edition of the Copa América. Nacional has fierce rivalries with many clubs, notably with cross-town team Peñarol, in clashes known as El clásico del fútbol uruguayo. According to CONMEBOL, Nacional was the Uruguayan team with the best international performance in the 2007–2012 period. According to IFFHS, it was the best Uruguayan team of the 2001–2010 period and the seventh best team in South America. In February 2013, Nacional reached 60,000 associates Nacional is a result of the fusion between Montevideo Football Club and Uruguay Athletic Club, 14 May 1899.
It was decided there that the club's flag should include the three colours connected to José Gervasio Artigas, Uruguay's national hero. The club's uniform was red and blue. In 1900 Nacional included the Club Defensa and its players, started playing at the Estadio Gran Parque Central; that same year four clubs governed by foreigners founded the Uruguay Association League. Nacional's petition to be included was dismissed on the thought that criollo clubs and their playeres lacked category. However, the League's clubs had to admit Nacional in 1901, after the club was invited to join the Argentinean League, due to their impressive performances in a number of friendly matches. In 1902 Nacional won their first Campeonato Uruguayo; the red jersey was substituted by the white jersey in 1902. In September 1903 Nacional represented the Uruguayan National football team and beat Argentina 3–2, winning the first international match in the history of Uruguayan football. In 1905 Nacional won the Copa de Honor Cousenier.
In a general assembly which took place in 1911, the populist majority led by club president José María Delgado obtained a victory over the elitist minority which resulted in an institutional transformation: the club opened its doors to players from lower classes, such as Abdón Porte, who would become one of the club's biggest symbols, playing in Nacional until his premature death in 1918. Nacional's players started developing around 1900 a new playing style that introduced a less physical and more imaginative game, made out of fast combinations and frequent dribblings. Magariños says: "The action of these teams was conducted according to the purest and standardized virtues of British sport: positional play, long passes, furious shots, strong physical play; the body was used as both offensively and defensively. Nacional, formed by smaller and faster players abandoned the physical confrontation, allowed back and chose to play according to their own possibilities, they chose to perform dribblings and short passing fast sprints, a hectic activity in the pitch."
After winning the 1912 championship, they won the 1915 Triple Crown, which included the three major domestic and international tournaments of that time: Primera División, Tie Cup and Copa de Honor Cousenier. Nacional would go on to win the first Copa Uruguaya en propiedad, by winning both the 1916 and 1917 championships; the other championships obtained during the amateur era were the 1919, 1920, 1922, 1923 and 1924. On the international level, Nacional won three Copa Aldao in 1916, 1919 and 1920, three Copa de Honor Cousenier in 1915, 1916 and 1917, two Tie Cup in 1913 and 1915. After two successful initial decades in the national league of Uruguay and at the regional level, Nacional became the foundation of Uruguay's first international success at the world level. In 1924, Nacional contributed players for Uruguayan national r
Club Atlético Rentistas known as Rentistas is an Uruguayan football club based in Cerrito de la Victoria, Montevideo. It was founded in 1933. In 1971, Rentistas was the first team of the neighbourhood Cerrito de la Victoria that achieved promotion to the Uruguayan first division, they remained there until 1980. Rentistas returned to the first division on three other occasions. In 1998 Rentistas inaugurated their new stadium, Complejo Rentistas; the club finished second in the Clausura and qualified for the CONMEBOL Cup 1999 Rentistas was known for involvement in the third-party ownership. The transfer fee of Hulk was channeled to the club. Segunda División Uruguay: 41971, 1988, 1996, 2011 The neighbourhood has two sports clubs, who share a large rivalry. Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Geordy Sequeiros Manuel Keosseian Martín Lasarte Carlos Manta Álvaro Gutiérrez Julio César Balerio, Edgardo Arias Adolfo Barán Manuel Keosseián Valentín Villazán Official website Fans Website of C.
Association football, more known as football or soccer, is a team sport played with a spherical ball between two teams of eleven players. It is played by 250 million players in over 200 countries and dependencies, making it the world's most popular sport; the game is played on a rectangular field called a pitch with a goal at each end. The object of the game is to score by moving the ball beyond the goal line into the opposing goal. Association football is one of a family of football codes, which emerged from various ball games played worldwide since antiquity; the modern game traces its origins to 1863 when the Laws of the Game were codified in England by The Football Association. Players are not allowed to touch the ball with hands or arms while it is in play, except for the goalkeepers within the penalty area. Other players use their feet to strike or pass the ball, but may use any other part of their body except the hands and the arms; the team that scores most goals by the end of the match wins.
If the score is level at the end of the game, either a draw is declared or the game goes into extra time or a penalty shootout depending on the format of the competition. Association football is governed internationally by the International Federation of Association Football, which organises World Cups for both men and women every four years; the rules of association football were codified in England by the Football Association in 1863 and the name association football was coined to distinguish the game from the other forms of football played at the time rugby football. The first written "reference to the inflated ball used in the game" was in the mid-14th century: "Þe heued fro þe body went, Als it were a foteballe"; the Online Etymology Dictionary states that the "rules of the game" were made in 1848, before the "split off in 1863". The term soccer comes from a slang or jocular abbreviation of the word "association", with the suffix "-er" appended to it; the word soccer was first recorded in 1889 in the earlier form of socca.
Within the English-speaking world, association football is now called "football" in the United Kingdom and "soccer" in Canada and the United States. People in countries where other codes of football are prevalent may use either term, although national associations in Australia and New Zealand now use "football" for the formal name. According to FIFA, the Chinese competitive game cuju is the earliest form of football for which there is evidence. Cuju players could use any part of the body apart from hands and the intent was kicking a ball through an opening into a net, it was remarkably similar to modern football. During the Han Dynasty, cuju games were standardised and rules were established. Phaininda and episkyros were Greek ball games. An image of an episkyros player depicted in low relief on a vase at the National Archaeological Museum of Athens appears on the UEFA European Championship Cup. Athenaeus, writing in 228 AD, referenced the Roman ball game harpastum. Phaininda and harpastum were played involving hands and violence.
They all appear to have resembled rugby football and volleyball more than what is recognizable as modern football. As with pre-codified "mob football", the antecedent of all modern football codes, these three games involved more handling the ball than kicking. Other games included kemari in chuk-guk in Korea. Association football in itself does not have a classical history. Notwithstanding any similarities to other ball games played around the world FIFA has recognised that no historical connection exists with any game played in antiquity outside Europe; the modern rules of association football are based on the mid-19th century efforts to standardise the varying forms of football played in the public schools of England. The history of football in England dates back to at least the eighth century AD; the Cambridge Rules, first drawn up at Cambridge University in 1848, were influential in the development of subsequent codes, including association football. The Cambridge Rules were written at Trinity College, Cambridge, at a meeting attended by representatives from Eton, Rugby and Shrewsbury schools.
They were not universally adopted. During the 1850s, many clubs unconnected to schools or universities were formed throughout the English-speaking world, to play various forms of football; some came up with their own distinct codes of rules, most notably the Sheffield Football Club, formed by former public school pupils in 1857, which led to formation of a Sheffield FA in 1867. In 1862, John Charles Thring of Uppingham School devised an influential set of rules; these ongoing efforts contributed to the formation of The Football Association in 1863, which first met on the morning of 26 October 1863 at the Freemasons' Tavern in Great Queen Street, London. The only school to be represented on this occasion was Charterhouse; the Freemason's Tavern was the setting for five more meetings between October and December, which produced the first comprehensive set of rules. At the final meeting, the first FA treasurer, the representative from Blackheath, withdrew his club from the FA over the removal of two draft rules at the previous meeting: the first allowed for running with the ball in hand.
Other English rugby clubs followed this lead and did not join the FA and instead in 1871 formed the Rugby Football Union. The eleven remaining clubs, under
A midfielder is an association football position. Midfielders are positioned on the field between their team's defenders and forwards; some midfielders play a disciplined defensive role, breaking up attacks, are otherwise known as defensive midfielders. Others blur the boundaries, being more mobile and efficient in passing: they are referred to as deep-lying midfielders, play-makers, box-to-box, or holding midfielders; the number of midfielders on a team and their assigned roles depends on the team's formation. Most managers assign at least one midfielder to disrupt the opposing team's attacks, while others may be tasked with creating goals, or have equal responsibilities between attack and defence. Midfielders are the players who travel the greatest distance during a match; because midfielders arguably have the most possession during a game they are among the fittest players on the pitch. Central or centre midfielders are players whose role is divided equally between attack and defence and to dominate the play around the centre of the pitch.
These players will try to pass the ball to the team's attacking midfielders and forwards and may help their team's attacks by making runs into the opposition's penalty area and attempting shots on goal themselves. When the opposing team has the ball, a central midfielder may drop back to protect the goal or move forward and press the opposition ball-carrier to recover the ball. A centre midfielder defending their goal will move in front of their centre-backs in order to block long shots by the opposition and track opposition midfielders making runs towards the goal; the 4–3–3 and 4–5–1 formations each use three central midfielders. The 4−4−2 formation may use two central midfielders, in the 4–2–3–1 formation one of the two deeper midfielders may be a central midfielder; the term box-to-box midfielder refers to central midfielders who are hard-working and who have good all-round abilities, which makes them skilled at both defending and attacking. These players can therefore track back to their own box to make tackles and block shots and run to the opponents' box to try to score.
The change of trends and the deviation from the standard 4–4–2 formation to the 4–2–3–1 formation imposed restrictions on the typical box-to-box midfielders of the 80s, as teams' two midfield roles were now divided into "holders" or "creators". Notable examples of box-to-box midfielders are Bastian Schweinsteiger, Yaya Touré, Radja Nainggolan. Left and right midfielders have a role balanced between attack and defence, similar to that of central midfielders, but they are positioned closer to the touchlines of the pitch, they may be asked to cross the ball into the opponents' penalty area to make scoring chances for their teammates, when defending they may put pressure on opponents who are trying to cross. Common modern formations that include left and right midfielders are the 4−4−2, the 4−4−1−1, the 4–2–3–1 and the 4−5−1 formations. Jonathan Wilson describes the development of the 4−4−2 formation: "…the winger became a wide midfielder, a shuttler, somebody who might be expected to cross a ball but was meant to put in a defensive shift."
Notable examples of wide midfielders are Ryan Giggs. The historic position of wing-half was given to midfielders, it became obsolete as wide players with defensive duties have tended to become more a part of the defence as full-backs. Defensive midfielders are midfield players; these players may defend a zone in front of their team's defence, or man mark specific opposition attackers. Defensive midfielders may move to the full-back or centre-back positions if those players move forward to join in an attack. Sergio Busquets described his attitude: "The coach knows that I am an obedient player who likes to help out and if I have to run to the wing to cover someone's position, great." A good defensive midfielder needs good positional awareness, anticipation of opponent's play, tackling, interceptions and great stamina and strength. A holding or deep-lying midfielder stays close to their team's defence, while other midfielders may move forward to attack; the holding midfielder may have responsibilities when their team has the ball.
This player will make short and simple passes to more attacking members of their team but may try some more difficult passes depending on the team's strategy. Marcelo Bielsa is considered as a pioneer for the use of a holding midfielder in defence; this position may be seen in the 4 -- 2 -- 3 -- 4 -- 4 -- 2 diamond formations. A defensive midfielder, or "destroyer", a playmaker, or "creator", were fielded alongside each other as a team's two holding central midfielders; the destroyer was responsible for making tackles, regaining possession, distributing the ball to the creator, while the creator was responsible for retaining possession and keeping the ball moving with long passes out to the flanks, in the manner of a more old-fashioned deep-lying playmaker or "regista". Early examples of a destroyer are Nobby Stiles, Herbert Wimmer, Marco Tardelli, while examples include Claude Makélélé and Javier Mascherano, although several of these players possessed qualities of other types of midfielders, were therefore not confined to a single role.
Early examples of a creator would be Gérson, Glenn Hoddle, Sunday Oliseh, while more recent examples Xabi Alonso, Michael Carrick. The latest and third type of holding midfielder developed as a box-to-box midfielder, or "carrier", neither destructive nor creative, capable of winning b
São Paulo is a municipality in the Southeast Region of Brazil. The metropolis is an alpha global city and the most populous city in Brazil, the Western Hemisphere and the Southern Hemisphere, besides being the largest Portuguese-speaking city in the world; the municipality is the Earth's 11th largest city proper by population. The city is the capital of the surrounding state of São Paulo, the most populous and wealthiest state in Brazil, it exerts strong international influences in commerce, finance and entertainment. The name of the city honors Saint Paul of Tarsus; the city's metropolitan area, the Greater São Paulo, ranks as the most populous in Brazil and the 12th most populous on Earth. The process of conurbation between the metropolitan areas located around the Greater São Paulo created the São Paulo Macrometropolis, a megalopolis with more than 30 million inhabitants, one of the most populous urban agglomerations in the world. Having the largest economy by GDP in Latin America and the Southern Hemisphere, the city is home to the São Paulo Stock Exchange.
Paulista Avenue is the economic core of São Paulo. The city has the 11th largest GDP in the world, representing alone 10.7% of all Brazilian GDP and 36% of the production of goods and services in the state of São Paulo, being home to 63% of established multinationals in Brazil, has been responsible for 28% of the national scientific production in 2005. With a GDP of US$477 billion, the São Paulo city alone would have ranked 26th globally compared with countries by 2017 estimates; the metropolis is home to several of the tallest skyscrapers in Brazil, including the Mirante do Vale, Edifício Itália, North Tower and many others. The city has cultural and political influence both nationally and internationally, it is home to monuments and museums such as the Latin American Memorial, the Ibirapuera Park, Museum of Ipiranga, São Paulo Museum of Art, the Museum of the Portuguese Language. The city holds events like the São Paulo Jazz Festival, São Paulo Art Biennial, the Brazilian Grand Prix, São Paulo Fashion Week, the ATP Brasil Open, the Brasil Game Show and the Comic Con Experience.
The São Paulo Gay Pride Parade rivals the New York City Pride March as the largest gay pride parade in the world. São Paulo is a cosmopolitan, melting pot city, home to the largest Arab and Japanese diasporas, with examples including ethnic neighborhoods of Mercado and Liberdade respectively. São Paulo is home to the largest Jewish population in Brazil, with about 75,000 Jews. In 2016, inhabitants of the city were native to over 200 different countries. People from the city are known as paulistanos, while paulistas designates anyone from the state, including the paulistanos; the city's Latin motto, which it has shared with the battleship and the aircraft carrier named after it, is Non ducor, which translates as "I am not led, I lead." The city, colloquially known as Sampa or Terra da Garoa, is known for its unreliable weather, the size of its helicopter fleet, its architecture, severe traffic congestion and skyscrapers. São Paulo was one of the host cities of the 2014 FIFA World Cup. Additionally, the city hosted the IV Pan American Games and the São Paulo Indy 300.
The region of modern-day São Paulo known as Piratininga plains around the Tietê River, was inhabited by the Tupi people, such as the Tupiniquim and Guarani. Other tribes lived in areas that today form the metropolitan region; the region was divided in Caciquedoms at the time of encounter with the Europeans. The most notable Cacique was Tibiriça, known for his support for the Portuguese and other European colonists. Among the many indigenous names that survive today are Tietê, Tamanduateí, Anhangabaú, Diadema, Itapevi, Embu-Guaçu etc... The Portuguese village of São Paulo dos Campos de Piratininga was marked by the founding of the Colégio de São Paulo de Piratininga on January 25, 1554; the Jesuit college of twelve priests included Spanish priest José de Anchieta. They built a mission on top of a steep hill between the Tamanduateí rivers, they first had a small structure built of rammed earth, made by American Indian workers in their traditional style. The priests wanted to evangelize – teach the Indians who lived in the Plateau region of Piratininga and convert them to Christianity.
The site was separated from the coast by the Serra do Mar, called by the Indians Serra Paranapiacaba. The college was named for a Christian saint and its founding on the feast day of the celebration of the conversion of the Apostle Paul of Tarsus. Father José de Anchieta wrote this account in a letter to the Society of Jesus: The settlement of the region's Courtyard of the College began in 1560. During the visit of Mem de Sá, Governor-General of Brazil, the Captaincy of São Vicente, he ordered the transfer of the population of the Village of Santo André da Borda do Campo to the vicinity of the college, it was named "College of St. Paul Piratininga"; the new location was on a steep hill adjacent to a large wetland, the lowland do Carmo. It offered better protection from attacks by local Indian groups, it was renamed belonging to the Captaincy of São Vicente. For the next two centuries, São Paulo developed as a poor and isolated village that survived through the cultivation of subsistence crops by the labor of natives.
For a long time, São Paulo was the only village in Brazil's interior, as travel was too difficult for many to reach the area. Mem de Sá forbade colonists to use the "Path Pir