Edgewater is a lakefront community area on the North Side of the city of Chicago, Illinois seven miles north of the Loop. As one of the city’s 77 official community areas, Edgewater is bounded by Foster Avenue on the south, Devon Avenue on the north, Ravenswood Avenue on the west, Lake Michigan on the east. Edgewater contains several beaches that residents enjoy during the late spring and early autumn. Chicago's largest park, Lincoln Park, stretches south from Edgewater for seven miles along the waterfront to downtown. Edgewater was the northeastern corner of Lake View Township, an independent suburb annexed by the city of Chicago in 1889. Today, the Uptown community is to Edgewater's south, Lincoln Square to its west, West Ridge to its northwest and Rogers Park to its north. Edgewater was first developed around the 1880s as a summer home for Chicago's elite. Today, it provides the northern terminus of both Lincoln Lake Shore Drive. With the exception of pockets acknowledged as historic districts, east-Edgewater boasts a skyline of high-rise apartment buildings, condominium complexes, mid-rise homes.
To the west, Edgewater is characterized by commercial businesses. Developers began buying up orchards and truck farms, cutting down the dense woods in the Lake View Township in the 1880s to make way for future development. From 1870 to 1887 the population of the township north of the City of Chicago, grew from 2,000 citizens to 45,000; as a result, there was growing need of more public-service access, Lake View was annexed to Chicago in 1889 as a way of meeting those demands. In 1885, the northeastern section of Lake View was given the name Edgewater by prominent developer John Lewis Cochran, he built the first residential subdivision in the area. Many of his homes can still be found in the Lakewood Balmoral Historic District. After a few years, Edgewater was celebrated as a wonder as it became "the only electric lighted suburb adjacent to Chicago". Cochran was a tobacco salesman from Philadelphia who moved to the area in 1885. Upon arrival, he took his Philadelphia geography with him to the area.
This can be seen best by the names of the streets in Edgewater. Every street in Edgewater at the time was named after a train station on the former PRR Main Line, most still exist to this day; this includes: Ardmore Avenue, located in Ardmore, PA. Thorndale Avenue, located in Thorndale, PA became a CTA station. Bryn Mawr Avenue, located in Bryn Mawr, PA became a CTA station. Berwyn Avenue, located in Berwyn, PA became a CTA station. Devon Avenue, named after Devon, PA Rosemont Avenue, named after Rosemont, PA Wayne Avenue, named after Wayne, PA By the early 1900s, Edgewater was regarded as one of Chicago's most prestigious communities. Mansions dominated the lakefront, while large single-family homes spread inland to the former farming village of Andersonville. A prominent symbol of Edgewater's affluence and desirable location on the lake was the Edgewater Beach Hotel, which opened in 1916 at 5349 N. Sheridan; the famed "sunrise" yellow hotel was razed in 1970, though the remaining "sunset" pink Edgewater Beach Apartments building is still a landmark at the north tip of Lake Shore Drive.
The Edgewater building boom peaked in 1926 and property values reached their height in 1928. Around 1900, the burgeoning affluent population grew so much that developers expanded Edgewater and renamed a portion of the neighborhood community Uptown. Uptown became the commercial hub of the area, with storied nightlife and tall commercial buildings. Thus, in the late 1920s, when Community Areas were first designated, the Edgewater area was included as a section of Uptown. Uptown's affluence declined in the 1950s, as Chicago's suburbs were developed and opened, absorbing some of Uptown's families, both middle and upper class. With the flight of some residents came disrepair and crime for what once was one of the most affluent districts of the city. At the same time, with the extension of Lake Shore Drive to Hollywood Ave. in the 1950s, into the 1970s, highrise condominium developments along Edgewater's lakefront took off, Andersonville was seeking to promote its unique heritage. In 1980, the Chicago City Council and local business owners orchestrated a revival for the Edgewater community.
Edgewater once again called itself its own community. New businesses came into the community, older buildings were refurbished, homes touched up to harken back to Edgewater's past. Since 2000, there have been several new additions to the neighborhood, including The Clarovista, Edgewater Glen, Catalpa Gardens condominium developments; this neighborhood of Chicago is well known for its antique shops as the Edgewater Antique Mall, Broadway Antique Market, Brownstone Antiques all call the Edgewater area their home. Edgewater consists of several tightly-knit neighborhoods. In the southwest quadrant is Andersonville. North of it is Magnolia Glen and Edgewater Glen—and Edgewater Beach is located in the eastern part of the neighborhood, the portion of the community that borders the lake, east of the elevated tracks of the Red Line. Andersonville is a neighborhood in western Edgewater / Uptown. Once a sleepy little village made up of Swedish immigrants, the community is known for its diversity, including a continued Swedish cultural presence led by the Swedish American Museum and other Swedish businesses.
Swedish businesses include the bar Simon's Tavern, a former basement speakeasy
Andersonville is a 1996 American television film directed by John Frankenheimer about a group of Union soldiers during the American Civil War who are captured by the Confederates and sent to an infamous Confederate prison camp. The film is loosely based on the diary of a Union soldier imprisoned there. Although certain points of the plot are fabricated, the general conditions of the camp match Ransom's descriptions references to the administration of the camp by Captain Henry Wirz, his line on escaping prisoners is similar to the book, "The Flying Dutchman offers to give two at a time twelve hours the start". The film begins with a group of Union soldiers being captured and forced to surrender at Cold Harbor, Virginia, in June 1864, they are transported to prisoner-of-war Camp Sumter, near Georgia. When they enter, they discover a former comrade, named Dick Potter, captured at Antietam, who explains the grim realities of daily existence in the camp – the lack of shelter, clean water, regular food supplies.
He states the danger of a rogue group of Union soldiers, called the "Raiders", who hoard the camp's meager rations, lure unsuspecting "fresh fish" – newly captured soldiers – into their area of the camp, to attack and rob them. With every able-bodied man required for fighting, young teenagers and old men are used as guards. At one watch tower, manned by two young guards, a Union soldier offers money for some corn, he is instructed to step over the "dead line" fence and approach the watch tower to trade, which contradicts the rules of the camp. But reluctantly, compelled by need, the soldier steps over the line, the soldiers in the next watch tower shoot him dead; as the story unfolds, the unit captured at the beginning of the film ally with some inmates, help them by working on their tunnel under the stockade wall. It is complete, but one man tries to inform the guards, in hope of receiving a reward, he is captured and "TT" is cut into his forehead as a warning. The escape is attempted one night, all goes well until the last man is spotted and shot, the dogs are unleashed.
In a short time, most escapees are back in the camp and placed in standing stocks as punishment. The situation with the Raiders becomes unbearable, as group after group of new prisoners are targeted upon arrival. Night raids are made, with possessions being taken from tents and prisoners injured or killed by the Raiders. After a banjo is stolen, one man is badly beaten. Things progressively get worse until one man decides he has seen enough of the "vultures out to rob and murder the new boys", he rallies support from the disparate groups, within minutes hundreds of his comrades are charging the Raiders' camp. A massive and deadly riot ensues. In the end the Raiders are beaten, stolen goods are redistributed to their owners, but many want them all hanged outright, but upon the insistence of a few, a request for a legitimate trial is made to Captain Wirz, the Confederate commander of the prison camp. A trial is held, with a jury made up of new internees, which results in the six ring-leaders being found guilty and sentenced to death by hanging.
After the executions life becomes peaceful, but the cold reality of starvation, lack of sanitation or medical care, begins to set in as emaciation, dysentery and fever take their toll, causing many to die. As the film ends, an announcement is made by Wirz that all prisoners are to be exchanged – the surviving Federal soldiers leave the camp, filing past their dead comrades on the way to the trains. Against a view of the present-day Andersonville National Cemetery, the movie's end coda reads: In 1864–5, more than 45,000 Union soldiers were imprisoned in Andersonville. 12,912 died there. The prisoner exchange never happened; the men who walked to the trains were taken to other prisons, where they remained until the war ended. After the war, Wirz was hanged, the only soldier to be tried and executed for war crimes committed during the Civil War. Jarrod Emick - Josiah Day Frederic Forrest - Sgt. McSpadden Ted Marcoux - Martin Blackburn Carmen Argenziano - Hopkins Jayce Bartok - Billy Frederick Coffin - Collins Cliff DeYoung - Sgt.
John Gleason Denis Forest - Mad Matthew Justin Henry - Tyce Tony Higgins - Tucker Andrew Kavovit - Tobias Olek Krupa - Olek Wisnovsky William H. Macy - Col. Chandler Matt McGrath - Ethan Peter Murnik - Limber Jim Gabriel Olds - Bob Reese William Sanderson - Munn Gregory Sporleder - Dick Potter Jan Tříska - Capt. Henry Wirz Bruce Evers - Lt. Barrett Robert David Hall - Samson The mini series was a pet project of mogul Ted Turner, an American Civil War enthusiast who wanted to bring to the screen a series of accurate films about the conflict. After the critical acclaim and financial success of his previous production Gettysburg in 1993, he would go on to produce its prequel Gods and Generals in 2003. All were massive productions on huge scales. Andersonville was filmed on location on a farm some fifty miles south of Atlanta where a huge set was built of the actual camp. Accurate in detail down to the officer's quarters outside the camp gates, the fifty foot high raw timber walls and thousands of ragged tents, a working stream, a full scale railway depot with half of a locomotive made of wood were built on the property.
At any given time there were hundreds of extras employed every day, many of whom were Civil War reenactors who came from all over the nation to take part in the production. Their deep devotion to the subject matter and attention to detail gave the film much of its authenticity
Andersonville is an unincorporated community in Anderson County, Tennessee. Beginning with the 2010 census, it is treated as a census-designated place; the CDP had a population of 472 in 2010. Andersonville is located on south of Norris Lake; the Andersonville post office is assigned zip code 37705, which includes much of northeastern Anderson County and portions of adjacent Union County. The community's founding family donated land for the community's first grade school, started in 1830, it was replaced in 1873 by Big Valley Academy, a grade school financed through stock purchases by local citizens. It was renamed Andersonville Institute in 1898, after the Clinton Baptist Association purchased the school building and added high school grades. Andersonville Institute was served by a pair of dormitories for boarding students, who comprised the majority of the high school enrollment; the Anderson County School Board assumed ownership and responsibility for the school in 1923. In 1938 Andersonville's high school students were moved to the new Norris High School in Norris and Andersonville's school became an elementary school again.
The old two-story school building was torn down in 1958 and replaced by a new single-story building on the same site that reopened three years as Andersonville Elementary School. The 2010 census population of the Andersonville CDP was 472, including 366 people over 18 and 106 children under 18 years old; the population was 98.5% white, 0.4% Native American or Alaskan native, 0.2% Asian, 0.2% Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander, 0.2% some other race, 0.4% two or more races. The Hispanic or Latino population, including people of any race, totaled 1.5%. The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Andersonville has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps. Media related to Andersonville, Tennessee at Wikimedia Commons
Andersonville Commercial Historic District
The Andersonville Commercial Historic District is a historic district in Chicago, Illinois. It runs from 4800 North Clark Street to 5800 North Clark Street in the city's Uptown and Edgewater neighborhoods; the area was once home to a Swedish American community, which settled there in the years following the Great Chicago Fire of 1871. Many buildings in the district have remained intact since the early twentieth century; the district was added to the National Register of Historic Places on March 9, 2010
Andersonville is a novel by MacKinlay Kantor concerning the Confederate prisoner of war camp, Andersonville prison, during the American Civil War. The novel was published in 1955, won the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction the following year; the novel interweaves the stories of fictional characters. It is told from many points of view, including that of Henry Wirz, the camp commandant, executed, it features William Collins, a Union soldier and one of the leaders of the "Raiders". The "Raiders" are a gang of thugs bounty jumpers who steal from their fellow prisoners and lead comfortable lives while other prisoners die of starvation and disease. Other characters include numerous ordinary prisoners of war, the camp physician/doctor, a nearby plantation owner and Confederate civilians in the area near the prison. Andersonville is based on prisoner memoirs, most notably Andersonville: A Story of Rebel Military Prisons by John McElroy. Henry Wirz, who received an injury earlier in the war and never recovered properly, is portrayed not as an inhuman fiend but as a sick man struggling with a job beyond his capacities.
Kantor's novel was not the basis for a 1996 John Frankenheimer film Andersonville. Although Kantor did sell the motion picture rights of his novel to one of the major Hollywood studios in the 1950s, it was never produced. Kantor's novel and the movie of the same name are two separate properties. Historical figures who appear as characters in the novel include: Henry Wirz John McElroy William Collins Boston Corbett John Winder John L. Ransom, a printer from Jackson, who kept a detailed diary of his capture and escape; this was published as Andersonville Diary. Robert Hall Chilton Commager, Henry Steele. "The Last Full Measure of Devotion: A Novel of an Infamous Prison in the Civil War", The New York Times Book Review. Oct. 30, 1955. VII, p. 1. Cullen, Jim; the Civil War in Popular Culture. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington: 1995. Hesseltine, William B. "Andersonville Revisited." The Georgia Review, 1956, p 92-100. Kantor, Mackinlay. "The Last Full Measure of Devotion: The Author Tells How He Relived the Tragedy", The New York Times Book Review.
Oct. 30, 1955. VII, p. 1. Kantor, Andersonville. Penguin Books USA, Inc. New York: 1955. Poore, Charles. "Andersonville." The New York Times. Oct. 27, 1955, p. 31:4. Stuckey, W. J; the Pulitzer Prize Novels: A Critical Backward Look. University of Oklahoma Press, Norman: 1981. Photos of the first edition of Andersonville
Andersonville National Historic Site
The Andersonville National Historic Site, located near Andersonville, preserves the former Camp Sumter, a Confederate prisoner-of-war camp during the final twelve months of the American Civil War. Most of the site lies in southwestern Macon County, adjacent to the east side of the town of Andersonville; as well as the former prison, the site contains the Andersonville National Cemetery and the National Prisoner of War Museum. The prison was made in February 1864 and served to April 1865; the site was commanded by Captain Henry Wirz, tried and executed after the war for war crimes. It was overcrowded to four times its capacity, with an inadequate water supply, inadequate food rations, unsanitary conditions. Of the 45,000 Union prisoners held at Camp Sumter during the war, nearly 13,000 died; the chief causes of death were scurvy and dysentery. The prison, which opened in February 1864 covered about 16.5 acres of land enclosed by a 15-foot high stockade. In June 1864, it was enlarged to 26.5 acres.
The stockade was rectangular, of dimensions 1,620 feet by 779 feet. There were two entrances on the west side of the stockade, known as "north entrance" and "south entrance". Robert H. Kellogg, sergeant major in the 16th Regiment Connecticut Volunteers, described his entry as a prisoner into the prison camp, May 2, 1864: As we entered the place, a spectacle met our eyes that froze our blood with horror, made our hearts fail within us. Before us were forms that had once been erect. Many of our men, in the heat and intensity of their feeling, exclaimed with earnestness. "Can this be hell?" "God protect us!" and all thought that he alone could bring them out alive from so terrible a place. In the center of the whole was a swamp, occupying about three or four acres of the narrowed limits, a part of this marshy place had been used by the prisoners as a sink, excrement covered the ground, the scent arising from, suffocating; the ground allotted to our ninety was near the edge of this plague-spot, how we were to live through the warm summer weather in the midst of such fearful surroundings, was more than we cared to think of just then.
Further descriptions of the camp can be found in the diary of Ransom Chadwick, a member of the 85th New York Infantry Regiment. Chadwick and his regimental mates were taken to the Andersonville Prison, arriving on April 30, 1864. An extensive and detailed diary was kept by John L. Ransom of his time as a prisoner at Andersonville. Father Peter Whelan arrived on 16 June 1864 to muster the resources of the Catholic church and help provide relief to the prisoners. At Andersonville, a light fence known as "the dead line" was erected 19 feet inside the stockade wall, it demarcated a no-man's land that kept prisoners away from the stockade wall, made of rough-hewn logs about 16 feet high and stakes driven into the ground. Anyone crossing or touching this "dead line" was shot without warning by sentries in the pigeon roosts. At this stage of the war, Andersonville Prison was undersupplied with food. By 1864, not only civilians living within the Confederacy but the soldiers of the Confederate Army itself were struggling to obtain sufficient quantities of food.
The shortage of fare was suffered by prisoners and Confederate personnel alike within the fort, but the prisoners received less than the guards, who unlike their captives did not become emaciated or suffer from scurvy. The latter was a major cause of the camp's high mortality rate, as well as dysentery and typhoid fever, which were the result of filthy living conditions and poor sanitation; when sufficient quantities of supplies were available, they were of poor quality and inadequately prepared. There were no new outfits given to prisoners, whose own clothing was falling to pieces. In some cases, garments were taken from the dead. John McElroy, a prisoner at Andersonville, recalled "Before one was cold his clothes would be appropriated and divided, I have seen many sharp fights between contesting claimants."Although the prison was surrounded by forest little wood was allowed to the prisoners for warmth or cooking. This, along with the lack of utensils, made it impossible for the prisoners to cook the meagre food rations they received, which consisted of poorly milled cornflour.
During the summer of 1864, Union prisoners suffered from hunger and disease. Within seven months, about a third had died from scurvy. In 1864, the Confederate Surgeon General asked Joseph Jones, an expert on infectious disease, to investigate the high mortality rate at the camp, he concluded that it was due to "scorbutic dysentery". In 2010, the historian Drisdelle said that hookworm disease, a condition not recognized or known during the Civil War, was the major cause of much of the fatalities amongst the prisoners; the water supply from Stockade Creek became polluted when too many Union prisoners were housed by the Confederate authorities within the prison walls. Part of the creek was used as a sink, the men were forced to wash themselves in the creek. At the time of the Civil War, the concept of a prisoner of