The Moonbase is the half-missing sixth serial of the fourth season in the British science fiction television series Doctor Who, first broadcast in four weekly parts from 11 February to 4 March 1967. The story features the return, first redesign, of the Cybermen, it was the fifth incomplete Doctor Who serial to be released with full-length animated reconstructions of its two missing episodes. The TARDIS makes a bumpy landing on the Moon in the year 2070. While they play, Jamie is injured; some workers from the nearby Moonbase find Jamie and bring him inside for treatment while the remaining TARDIS crew follows. The time travellers learn that the Moonbase uses a machine called the Graviton to track and manage weather on Earth, their arrival is ill-timed, as members of the international crew, led by the bullish Hobson, have begun to collapse under the influence of an unknown pathogen. While International Space Control quarantines the Moonbase, the Doctor starts to investigate. Before he dies, the station's patient zero – their staff doctor, Evans – rants about a "silver hand".
Another crew member, Ralph vanishes in the food stores, the crew learn that their radio transmissions are being monitored from elsewhere on the Moon. Meanwhile, in the sickbay, a feverish Jamie begins to rant about a "Phantom Piper", a figure said to appear to a McCrimmon before death. While attending to Jamie, Polly sees a large figure leave through the door; when Hobson, the Doctor, Ben and Nils arrive to collect Evans' body, it has disappeared. They leave to investigate where this'piper' is. Polly goes to get water, Jamie wakes up to see the'piper' advancing on him. The'piper' ignores Jamie, as he doesn't have the disease, so he steals another patient and leaves. Polly comes back in just as the figure is leaving and recognises it as a Cyberman, the Doctor realises their old enemies are taking the patients' bodies. Hobson brushes away the cyber-story, believing they died out years ago, he gives the Doctor 24 hours to discover the cause of the virus, or else he and his companions must leave. While Hobson deals with the Gravitron, becoming difficult to control with fewer staff, the Doctor focuses on the cause of the viral disease.
In the sickbay and Jamie are attacked by a Cyberman, which stuns them with electricity from his hand and leaves with another patient's body. The Gravitron isn't working. Jules and Franz are ambushed by two Cybermen and beaten to death; the Doctor is ordered to leave by Hobson. Polly makes another crew member gets infected; the Doctor works out that the neurotropic virus has been spread through infected sugar from the food stores and is an organised scheme to destabilise the crew. A Cyberman, posing as a patient in bed reveals himself and aims his gun at them. Another Cyberman kills Bob when he tries to attack the other with a metal bar; the Cybermen recognise the Doctor and use their weapons to take control of the central control centre of the Moonbase while confining Polly and Ben to the sickbay. The Cybermen reveal that they want to use the Gravitron to destroy all life on Earth by altering the weather. On board the cyber-ship Evans and Ralph are conditioned to obey the Cybermen like zombie slaves.
They are sent into the heart of the Gravitron to subvert the machine. The Cybermen have been entering and leaving the base using a tunnel that goes into the food stores, explaining the drops in air pressure. Using fire extinguishers, nail varnish remover and other objects that dissolve plastic, Polly and a recovered Jamie lead a fightback from their incarceration in the medical wing; the three Cybermen in the initial attack force are destroyed. Benoit goes outside to see what happened to Franz, he only finds their spacesuits, is chased by a Cyberman. Ben goes out, he throws the bottle at the Cyberman's chest unit, killing it and saving Benoit. The crew block off the hole in the food stores to prevent more Cybermen entering; the cybership is located. Two Cybermen on the surface damage the aerial; the Cybermen use radio beams to reactivate their zombies inside the base, who infiltrate the Gravitron and use it to deflect a relief ship sent by Earth into the sun. A hole is blasted in the wall, which depressurises the base, but Hobson and Benoit use a coffee tray to plug the leak.
The depressurisation deactivates the other zombies. Two more cyberships arrive; the Cybermen on the surface erect a large laser cannon and threaten to blow the base open unless the entry port is opened within 10 seconds. They fire. Another large squad from one of the other cyberships take up positions around the base. With the help of Hobson and Benoit, the Doctor points the Gravitron at the lunar surface, which blasts the Cybermen and their ships into space; as Hobson and his team reorient the Gravitron to its proper use, the Doctor and his companions slip away. Back in the TARDIS, they dematerialise and activate the used time scanner to reveal a monstrous claw waving around; the working titles of this story were The Return of the Cybermen. It was commissioned before the last episode of The Tenth Planet was broadcast, to take advantage of the strong positive response to the Cybermen; when Pedler was commissioned to write a second Cyberman
A Shot in the Dark (1964 film)
A Shot in the Dark is a 1964 British-American DeLuxe Color comedy film directed by Blake Edwards in Panavision. It is the second installment in The Pink Panther film series. Peter Sellers is featured again as Inspector Jacques Clouseau of the French Sûreté. Clouseau's blundering personality is unchanged, but it was in this film that Sellers began to give him the idiosyncratically exaggerated French accent, to become a hallmark of the character; the film marks the first appearances of Herbert Lom as his long-suffering boss, Commissioner Dreyfus, as well as Burt Kwouk as his stalwart man servant Cato and André Maranne as François, all of whom would become series regulars. Elke Sommer portrays Maria Gambrelli; the character of Gambrelli would return in Son of the Pink Panther, this time played by Claudia Cardinale, who appeared as Princess Dala in The Pink Panther. Graham Stark, who portrays police officer Hercule Lajoy, would reprise this role eighteen years in Trail of the Pink Panther; the film was not written to include Clouseau, but was an adaptation of a stage play by Harry Kurnitz adapted from the French play L'Idiote by Marcel Achard.
The film was released only a few months after The Pink Panther. Inspector Clouseau of the Sûreté, the French national police, is called to the country home of millionaire Benjamin Ballon to investigate the murder of his chauffeur, Miguel Ostos; the chauffeur was having an affair with one of the maids, Maria Gambrelli, attacked her in her bedroom after she broke off with him. Miguel was shot and killed in her bedroom and Maria was found with the smoking gun in her hand, but claims no knowledge of how it got there as she maintains she was knocked unconscious. All evidence points to Maria as the killer, but Clouseau is convinced of her innocence because he has developed an immediate attraction to her. Realizing Clouseau has been inadvertently assigned to a high-profile case, Commissioner Dreyfus has him removed and takes charge of the investigation. Dejected, Clouseau returns home, he is awakened in the early hours of the morning by an apparent attempt on his life by a Chinese assassin. When the phone rings, the life or death struggle ceases and it becomes apparent that his assailant is his valet, Cato.
In order to keep his senses sharp, Clouseau has instructed Cato to attack him when he least expects it. The Inspector is reinstated to the Ballon case and orders Maria Gambrelli's release from prison, as he is convinced she is shielding the real killer, who Clouseau suspects is Ballon himself. A series of additional murders of the Ballon staff follows; each time the evidence points to Maria, continually arrested, only to have Clouseau release her again despite the growing number of murder charges laid at her feet. Clouseau's actions embarrass the Sûreté in the press, but Commissioner Dreyfus is unable to remove him from the case because Ballon has exerted political influence to keep the unorthodox and incompetent detective assigned to the investigation; as Clouseau continues to bungle the case, Commissioner Dreyfus becomes unhinged and suffers a nervous breakdown that reduces him to a delusional psychotic. He stalks Clouseau in order to assassinate him, but accidentally kills a series of innocent bystanders instead and adds further notoriety to the case.
When Clouseau confronts the Ballon household in an attempt to trick the murderer into unmasking him or herself, it is revealed that everybody was involved in the murders. Only Maria is innocent of any crime; as a massive row breaks out between employers and staff, the lights are cut, the guilty take the opportunity to pile into Clouseau's car and escape. They are all killed when the car is destroyed by a bomb, planted by Commissioner Dreyfus. Having witnessed the explosion, realizing that he has failed again to kill Clouseau, Dreyfus is reduced to an animalistic fury and is taken away. Clouseau and Maria celebrate the clearing of her name with a long and passionate kiss—which is swiftly interrupted by another sneak attack by Cato. Sellers was attached to star in the adaptation of Harry Kurnitz's Broadway hit before the release and success of The Pink Panther, but was not pleased with the script by Alec Coppel and Norman Krasna. Walter Mirisch approached Blake Edwards and asked him to take over as director of A Shot in the Dark from Anatole Litvak.
Edwards declined but relented under pressure on the condition he could rewrite the script and substitute Inspector Clouseau for the lead character and choreograph comic scenes on the fly as he and Sellers had done for their previous film. The relationship between Edwards and Sellers deteriorated to such a point that at the conclusion of the film they vowed never to work together again, they reconciled to collaborate four years on The Party, on three more "Pink Panther" films in the 1970s. As with most of the other Clouseau films, A Shot in the Dark featured an animated opening titles sequence produced by DePatie-Freleng Enterprises featuring an animated version of Inspector Clouseau; this film and Inspector Clouseau are the only Clouseau films not to feature the Pink Panther character in the opening titles. Henry Mancini's theme for this film serves as opening theme and incidental music in The Inspector cartoon shorts made by DePatie-Freleng from 1965 to 1969; the title song ` The Shadows of Paris' Was sung by Fran Jeffries.
Doctor Who is a British science fiction television programme produced by the BBC since 1963. The programme depicts the adventures of a Time Lord called "the Doctor", an extraterrestrial being, to all appearances human, from the planet Gallifrey; the Doctor explores the universe in a time-travelling space ship called the TARDIS. Its exterior appears as a blue British police box, a common sight in Britain in 1963 when the series first aired. Accompanied by a number of companions, the Doctor combats a variety of foes while working to save civilisations and help people in need; the show is a significant part of British popular culture, elsewhere it has gained a cult following. It has influenced generations of British television professionals, many of whom grew up watching the series; the programme ran from 1963 to 1989. There was an unsuccessful attempt to revive regular production in 1996 with a backdoor pilot, in the form of a television film titled Doctor Who; the programme was relaunched in 2005, since has been produced in-house by BBC Wales in Cardiff.
Doctor Who has spawned numerous spin-offs, including comic books, novels, audio dramas, the television series Torchwood, The Sarah Jane Adventures, K-9, Class, has been the subject of many parodies and references in popular culture. Thirteen actors have headlined the series as the Doctor; the transition from one actor to another is written into the plot of the show with the concept of regeneration into a new incarnation, a plot device in which a Time Lord "transforms" into a new body when the current one is too badly harmed to heal normally. Each actor's portrayal is unique. Together, they form a single lifetime with a single narrative; the time-travelling feature of the plot means that different incarnations of the Doctor meet. The Doctor is portrayed by Jodie Whittaker, who took on the role after Peter Capaldi's exit in the 2017 Christmas special "Twice Upon a Time". Doctor Who follows the adventures of the title character, a rogue Time Lord from the planet Gallifrey who goes by the name "the Doctor".
The Doctor fled Gallifrey in a stolen TARDIS, a time machine that travels by materialising into and dematerialising out of the time vortex. The TARDIS has a vast interior but appears smaller on the outside, is equipped with a "chameleon circuit" intended to make the machine take on the appearance of local objects as a disguise. Across time and space, the Doctor's many incarnations find events that pique their curiosity and try to prevent evil forces from harming innocent people or changing history, using only ingenuity and minimal resources, such as the versatile sonic screwdriver; the Doctor travels alone and brings one or more companions to share these adventures. These companions are humans, owing to the Doctor's fascination with planet Earth, which leads to frequent collaborations with the international military task force UNIT when the Earth is threatened; the Doctor is centuries old and, as a Time Lord, has the ability to regenerate in case of mortal damage to the body, taking on a new appearance and personality.
The Doctor has gained numerous reoccurring enemies during their travels, including the Daleks, the Cybermen, the Master, another renegade Time Lord. Doctor Who first appeared on BBC TV at 17:16:20 GMT on Saturday, 23 November 1963, it was to be each episode 25 minutes of transmission length. Discussions and plans for the programme had been in progress for a year; the head of drama Sydney Newman was responsible for developing the programme, with the first format document for the series being written by Newman along with the head of the script department Donald Wilson and staff writer C. E. Webber. Writer Anthony Coburn, story editor David Whitaker and initial producer Verity Lambert heavily contributed to the development of the series; the programme was intended to appeal to a family audience as an educational programme using time travel as a means to explore scientific ideas and famous moments in history. On 31 July 1963, Whitaker commissioned Terry Nation to write a story under the title The Mutants.
As written, the Daleks and Thals were the victims of an alien neutron bomb attack but Nation dropped the aliens and made the Daleks the aggressors. When the script was presented to Newman and Wilson it was rejected as the programme was not permitted to contain any "bug-eyed monsters". According to producer Verity Lambert. We had a bit of a crisis of confidence. Had we had anything else ready we would have made that." Nation's script became the second Doctor. The serial introduced the eponymous aliens that would become the series' most popular monsters, was responsible for the BBC's first merchandising boom; the BBC drama department's serials division produced the programme for 26 seasons, broadcast on BBC 1. Falling viewing numbers, a decline in the public perception of the show and a less-prominent transmission slot saw production suspended in 1989 by Jonathan Powell, controller of BBC 1. Although it was cancelled with the decision not to commission a planned 27th season, which would have been broadcast in 1990, the BBC affirmed, over several ye
Come Fly with Me (film)
Come Fly with Me is a 1963 British comedy film about three beautiful international air hostesses looking for romance and excitement. The film has dramatic or soap opera elements to it, was a vehicle for glamorizing the jet age and the prestige and romance that came with being an air hostess, it is based on Bernard Glemser's 1960 chick-lit novel Girl on a Wing, published again in 1969 under the title, The Fly Girls. Directed by Henry Levin, the film stars Dolores Hart, Hugh O'Brian, Karlheinz Böhm, Pamela Tiffin, Karl Malden, Lois Nettleton. Three air hostesses, based in New York City, are working for the fictional airline Polar Atlantic Airways; the three serve on a Boeing 707 making regular flights between New York and Vienna. Along the way, air hostess Donna Stuart, meets Baron Franz Von Elzingen, an impoverished Austrian baron who turns out to be a diamond smuggler. "Southern belle" Carol Brewster develops a crush on the plane's First Officer, Ray Winsley, who himself is having an affair with a married woman.
The third air hostess, Hilda "Bergie" Bergstrom, gets noticed by a multi-millionaire widower from Texas named Walter Lucas. Dolores Hart as Donna Stuart Hugh O'Brian as First Officer Ray Winsley Karlheinz Böhm as Baron Franz Von Elzingen Pamela Tiffin as Carol Brewster Karl Malden as Walter Lucas Lois Nettleton as Hilda "Bergie" Bergstrom Dawn Addams as Katie Rinard Victor Rietti as Passenger John Crawford as Pilot Andrew Cruickshank as Cardwell James Dobson as Flight Engineer Teddy Shepard Robert Easton as Navigator Maurice Marsac as Monsieur Rinard Lois Maxwell as Gwen Sandley Richard Wattis as Oliver Garson Guido Wieland as Vienna Policeman Henry Levin was signed to direct in April 1962; the movie was known in production as Champagne Flight, The Friendliest Girls in the World and Girl on a Wing. The film was shot during 1962, in New York City; the shoot took 12 weeks. It filmed at the same time as Follow the Boys, it premiered in the United States on 27 March 1963. Glemsser wrote a follow-up novel in The Super-Jet Girls.
It was not made into a film however. Variety wrote upon the film's release, "Sometimes one performance can save a picture and in Come Fly with Me it's an engaging and infectious one by Pamela Tiffin; the production has other things going for it like an attractive cast, slick pictorial values and smart, stylish direction by Henry Levin, but at the base of all this sheer sheen lies a frail and featherweight storyline that, in trying to take itself too flies into dramatic air pockets and crosscurrents that threaten to send the entire aircraft into a tailspin." Boeing-Boeing, 1962 play Boeing Boeing, 1965 film version of the play Coffee, Tea or Me?, 1967 novel The Stewardesses, 1969 film Pan Am, 2011 TV series Come Fly with Me on IMDb Come Fly with Me at the TCM Movie Database
Brighton is a seaside resort on the south coast of England, part of the City of Brighton and Hove, located 47 miles south of London. Archaeological evidence of settlement in the area dates back to the Bronze Age and Anglo-Saxon periods; the ancient settlement of "Brighthelmstone" was documented in the Domesday Book. The town's importance grew in the Middle Ages as the Old Town developed, but it languished in the early modern period, affected by foreign attacks, storms, a suffering economy and a declining population. Brighton began to attract more visitors following improved road transport to London and becoming a boarding point for boats travelling to France; the town developed in popularity as a health resort for sea bathing as a purported cure for illnesses. In the Georgian era, Brighton developed as a fashionable seaside resort, encouraged by the patronage of the Prince Regent King George IV, who spent much time in the town and constructed the Royal Pavilion in the Regency era. Brighton continued to grow as a major centre of tourism following the arrival of the railways in 1841, becoming a popular destination for day-trippers from London.
Many of the major attractions were built in the Victorian era, including the Metropole Hotel Grand Hotel, the West Pier, the Brighton Palace Pier. The town continued to grow into the 20th century, expanding to incorporate more areas into the town's boundaries before joining the town of Hove to form the unitary authority of Brighton and Hove in 1997, granted city status in 2000. Today and Hove district has a resident population of about 288,200 and the wider Brighton and Hove conurbation has a population of 474,485. Brighton's location has made it a popular destination for tourists, renowned for its diverse communities, quirky shopping areas, large cultural and arts scene and its large LGBT population, leading to its recognition as the "unofficial gay capital of the UK". Brighton attracted 7.5 million day visitors in 2015/16 and 4.9 million overnight visitors, is the most popular seaside destination in the UK for overseas tourists. Brighton has been called the UK's "hippest city", "the happiest place to live in the UK".
Brighton's earliest name was Bristelmestune, recorded in the Domesday Book. Although more than 40 variations have been documented, Brighthelmstone was the standard rendering between the 14th and 18th centuries."Brighton" was an informal shortened form, first seen in 1660. The name is of Anglo-Saxon origin. Most scholars believe that it derives from Beorthelm + tūn—the homestead of Beorthelm, a common Old English name associated with villages elsewhere in England; the tūn element is common in Sussex on the coast, although it occurs infrequently in combination with a personal name. An alternative etymology taken from the Old English words for "stony valley" is sometimes given but has less acceptance. Brighthelm gives its name to, among other things, a church and a pub in Brighton and some halls of residence at the University of Sussex. Writing in 1950, historian Antony Dale noted that unnamed antiquaries had suggested an Old English word "brist" or "briz", meaning "divided", could have contributed the first part of the historic name Brighthelmstone.
The town was split in half by the Wellesbourne, a winterbourne, culverted and buried in the 18th century. Brighton has several nicknames. Poet Horace Smith called it "The Queen of Watering Places", still used, "Old Ocean's Bauble". Novelist William Makepeace Thackeray referred to "Doctor Brighton", calling the town "one of the best of Physicians". "London-by-the-Sea" is well-known, reflecting Brighton's popularity with Londoners as a day-trip resort, a commuter dormitory and a desirable destination for those wanting to move out of the metropolis. "The Queen of Slaughtering Places", a pun on Smith's description, became popular when the Brighton trunk murders came to the public's attention in the 1930s. The mid 19th-century nickname "School Town" referred to the remarkable number of boarding and church schools in the town at the time; the first settlement in the Brighton area was Whitehawk Camp, a Neolithic encampment on Whitehawk Hill, dated to between 3500 BC and 2700 BC. It is one of six causewayed enclosures in Sussex.
Archaeologists have only explored it, but have found numerous burial mounds and bones, suggesting it was a place of some importance. There was a Bronze Age settlement at Coldean. Brythonic Celts arrived in Britain in the 7th century BC, an important Brythonic settlement existed at Hollingbury Castle on Hollingbury Hill; this Celtic Iron Age encampment dates from the 3rd or 2nd century BC and is circumscribed by substantial earthwork outer walls with a diameter of c. 1,000 feet. Cissbury Ring 10 miles from Hollingbury, is suggested to have been the tribal "capital". There was a Roman villa at Preston Village, a Roman road from London ran nearby, much physical evidence of Roman occupation has been discovered locally. From the 1st century AD, the Romans built a number of villas in Brighton and Romano-British Brythonic Celts formed farming settlements in the area. After the Romans left in the early 4th century AD, the Brighton area returned to the control of the native Celts. Anglo-Saxons invaded in the late 5th century AD, the region became part of the Kingdom of Sussex, founded in 477 AD by king Ælle.
Anthony Seldon identified five phases of development in pre-20th century Brighton. The village of Bristelmestune was founded by these
The Beauty Jungle
The Beauty Jungle is a 1964 British film directed by Val Guest. While on a seaside holiday a young typist Shirley Freeman is persuaded by a local journalist to enter a beauty contest; when she wins, she decides to give up her previous career and life and take up entering the contests full-time. Shirley goes on to win the "Rose of England" contest, she is entered in the "Miss Globe" contest but she comes only 6th despite naively sleeping with one of the male judges the night before the contest. Disillusioned with the beauty profession she stops entering beauty contests completely. On, after being asked to judge a beauty contest in the UK, she sees that her younger sister Elaine has entered the contest and just walks away from the beauty profession and all of its hypocrisy and sordid publicity stunts. Ian Hendry as Don Mackenzie Janette Scott as Shirley Freeman Ronald Fraser as Walter Carey Edmund Purdom as Rex Carrick Jean Claudio as Armand Kay Walsh as Mrs. Freeman Tommy Trinder as Charlie Dorton Norman Bird as Mr. Freeman Janina Faye as Elaine Aliza Gur as Miss Perù David Weston as Harry Peter Ashmore as Lucius Sid James as Butlin Judge Jacqueline Jones as Jean Watson Jackie White as Barbara Lawton Jerry Desmonde as Swimming Pool MC Alan Taylor as TV Commentator Eve Eden as Angela Boynton Lionel Blair as Talk of the Town Producer Francis Matthews as Taylor Nikki Peters as Cora Margaret Nolan as Caroline Paul Carpenter as American Tourist Donald Hewlett as Advertising Man Former Miss World Rosemarie Frankland makes her screen debut in a guest appearance.
Norman Hartnell, Lydia Russell, Duchess of Bedford, Stirling Moss, Linda Christian, Joe Brown appear as themselves judging the Rose of England at the Talk of the Town. Much of the early footage in the film was shot at Weston-super-Mare, Butlins Bognor Regis and the Redcliffe area of Bristol; the Beauty Jungle on IMDb The Beauty Jungle at AllMovie
Yes Minister is a political satire British sitcom written by Antony Jay and Jonathan Lynn. Split over three seven-episode series, it was first transmitted on BBC2 from 1980 to 1984. A sequel, Prime Minister, lasted 17 episodes and ran from 1986 to 1988. All but one of the episodes lasted half an hour, all ended with a variation of the title of the series spoken as the answer to a question posed by Minister Jim Hacker. Several episodes were adapted for BBC Radio. Set principally in the private office of a British Cabinet minister in the fictional Department of Administrative Affairs in Whitehall, Yes Minister follows the ministerial career of Jim Hacker, played by Paul Eddington, his various struggles to formulate and enact policy or effect departmental changes are opposed by the British Civil Service, in particular his Permanent Secretary, Sir Humphrey Appleby, played by Sir Nigel Hawthorne. His Principal Private Secretary Bernard Woolley, played by Derek Fowlds, is caught between the two; the sequel, Prime Minister, continued with the same cast and followed Jim Hacker after his unexpected elevation to Number 10 upon the resignation of the previous Prime Minister.
The series in 2004 was voted sixth in the Britain's Best Sitcom poll. It was the favourite television programme of the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Margaret Thatcher; the series opens in the wake of a general election in which the incumbent government has been defeated by the opposition party, to which Jim Hacker MP belongs. His party affiliation is never stated, his party emblem is neither Conservative nor Labour; the Prime Minister offers Hacker the position of Minister of Administrative Affairs, which he accepts. Hacker goes to his department and meets his Permanent Secretary, Sir Humphrey Appleby, his Principal Private Secretary, Bernard Woolley. While Appleby is outwardly deferential towards the new minister, he is prepared to defend the status quo at all costs. Woolley is sympathetic towards Hacker but as Appleby reminds him, Woolley's civil service superiors, including Appleby, will have much to say about the course of his future career, while ministers do not stay long in one department and have no say in civil service staffing recommendations.
Many of the episodes revolve around proposals backed by Hacker but frustrated by Appleby, who uses a range of clever stratagems to defeat ministerial proposals while seeming to support them. Other episodes revolve around proposals promoted by Appleby but rejected by Hacker, which Appleby attempts by all means necessary to persuade Hacker to accept, they do join forces in order to achieve a common goal, such as preventing the closure of their department or dealing with a diplomatic incident. As the series revolves around the inner workings of central government, most of the scenes take place in private locations, such as offices and exclusive members' clubs. Lynn said that "there was not a single scene set in the House of Commons because government does not take place in the House of Commons; some politics and much theatre takes place there. Government happens in private; as in all public performances, the real work is done behind closed doors. The public and the House are shown what the government wishes them to see."
However, the episode "The Compassionate Society" does feature an audio recording of Yesterday in Parliament in which Hacker speaks in the House of Commons, other episodes include scenes in the Foreign Secretary's House of Commons office and a Committee room. At the time of the making of the series, television cameras were not allowed in the House of Commons and had only been introduced into the House of Lords, so it was not unusual to a British audience to have no scenes from there; the Right Honourable Jim Hacker MP elevated to the House of Lords as Lord Hacker of Islington, was the editor of a newspaper called Reform before going into politics. He spent a good deal of time in Parliament on the Opposition benches before his party won a general election. In Yes Minister, he is the Minister for Administrative Affairs and a cabinet minister, in Yes, Prime Minister he becomes the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom. Hacker received his degree from the London School of Economics, for which he is derided by the Oxford-educated Sir Humphrey.
His early character is that of a gung-ho, but naïve, bringing sweeping changes to his department. Before long, Hacker begins to notice that Civil Service tactics are preventing his planned changes being put into practice; as he learns, he becomes more cynical, using some of the Civil Service ruses himself. While Sir Humphrey held all the aces, Hacker now and again plays a trump card of his own. Throughout Yes Minister, Hacker, at his worst, is portrayed as a publicity-seeking bungler, incapable of making a firm decision, he is prone to embarrassing blunders, is a frequent target of criticism from the press and stern lectures from the Chief Whip. However, he is shown to be politically savvy, he becomes more aware of Sir Humphrey's real agenda. In Yes, Prime Minister, Hacker becomes more statesmanlike, he dreams up his "Grand Design" and hones his diplomatic skills. Nearly all of these efforts land him in trouble. In a Radio Times interview to promote Yes, Prime Minister, Pa