Thomas Williams (writer)
Thomas Williams was an American novelist. He won one U. S. National Book Award for Fiction—The Hair of Harold Roux split the 1975 award with Robert Stone's Dog Soldiers—and his last published novel, Moon Pinnace, was a finalist for the National Book Critics Circle Award. Born in Duluth, Minnesota in 1926, Williams' family moved to New Hampshire when he was a child and he spent most of his life working and writing in that state, although he attended the Iowa Writers' Workshop, the University of Chicago, studied in Paris. For most of his career he taught at the University of New Hampshire, published eight novels during his lifetime, his students included among them John Irving. Irving wrote an introduction to a posthumous collection of Williams's collected stories, New Hampshire. Williams lived in Durham, NH and died of lung cancer at a hospital in Dover, NH when he was 63. Williams is the father of writer and novelist Ann Joslin Williams, the author of a collection of linked stories called The Woman in the Woods, which won the 2005 Spokane Prize.
Joslin Williams' first novel Down From Cascom Mountain, was published in 2011. Like her father, she attended the Iowa Writers’ Workshop and is a Professor at the University of New Hampshire; because he'd received one of the major US book awards in 1975 and because he was admired as a university writing instructor, Thomas Williams was a figure of some regard during the 1970s and 1980s when it seems his reputation had reached its peak. Today, Williams continues to be remembered and admired among many writers and student of the craft, but into the 21st century he remains all but unknown to the general reading public. All of his books were out of print until 2011, when The Hair of Harold Roux was reissued, sparking a renewed interest in his work. Stephen King, who had earlier dedicated his 1993 story collection Nightmares & Dreamscapes to Williams, said in a 2011 interview that The Hair of Harold Roux has remained, over the years, one of his favorite books, one he returns to "again and again." FictionCeremony of Love.
Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill Town Burning. New York: Macmillan. Anchor Books, 1988. ISBN 978-0-385-24250-9 The Night of Trees. New York: Macmillan. Ampersand Press & Small Press Distribution. Introduction by John Irving. ISBN 978-0-935331-09-7 A High New House. New York: Dial Press – Williams received the "Dial Press Fellowship Award for Fiction" for this collection of short stories Whipple's Castle: An American Novel. New York: Random House. Anchor Books, 1988. ISBN 978-0-385-24249-3 The Hair of Harold Roux. New York: Random House Tsuga's Children. New York: Random House ISBN 0-394-49731-7 The Followed Man. New York, NY: Richard Marek ISBN 978-0-399-90025-9 Moon Pinnace. Garden City, NY: Doubleday & Company. Anchor Books, 1988. ISBN 978-0-385-24247-9Posthumous publicationsLeah, New Hampshire: The Collected Stories of Thomas Williams. New York: William Morrow and Company. Graywolf Press, 1993. Introduction by John Irving; the Hair of Harold Roux. Bloomsbury USA with an Introduction by Andre Dubus III, Afterword by Ann Joslin Williams.
ISBN 978-1-60819-583-1 Gun People – includes a profile of Williams where he discusses his interest in hunting and its relevance to his writings. "National Book Awards Acceptance Speech". Nationalbook.org. Retrieved 2012-01-14. – – – text of Williams' acceptance speech after receiving the 1975 National Book Award for The Hair of Harold Roux "1975 National Book Awards Fiction Winners - Author's Site". Www.nbafictionblog.org. 2009-08-04. Retrieved 2012-01-14
The Kenyon Review
The Kenyon Review is a literary magazine based in Gambier, Ohio, US, home of Kenyon College. The Review was founded in 1939 by John Crowe Ransom and professor of English at Kenyon College, who served as its editor until 1959; the Review has published early works by generations of important writers, including Robert Penn Warren, Ford Madox Ford, Robert Lowell, Delmore Schwartz, Flannery O'Connor, Boris Pasternak, Bertolt Brecht, Peter Taylor, Dylan Thomas, Anthony Hecht, Maya Angelou, Rita Dove, Derek Walcott, Thomas Pynchon, Don Delillo, Woody Allen, Louise Erdrich, William Empson, Linda Gregg, Mark Van Doren, Kenneth Burke, Ha Jin. The magazine's short stories have won more O. Henry Awards than any other nonprofit journal—most two in 2004. Many poems that first appeared in the quarterly have been reprinted in The Best American Poetry series, the magazine is one of the most frequent sources for the series, where poems in The Kenyon Review have appeared in the editions for 1992, 1993, 1994, 1996, 1997, 1998, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2006.
The magazine was started in 1939. During his 21-year tenure as head of the magazine, John Crowe Ransom made it, according to the magazine's Web site, "perhaps the best known and most influential literary magazine in the English-speaking world during the 1940s and'50s". In 1959 Robie Macauley succeeded Ransom as editor of The Kenyon Review, where he published fiction and poetry by John Barth, T. S. Eliot, Nadine Gordimer, Robert Graves, Randall Jarrell, Richmond Lattimore, Doris Lessing, Robert Lowell, V. S. Naipaul, Joyce Carol Oates, Frank O'Connor, V. S. Pritchett, Thomas Pynchon, J. F. Powers, Karl Shapiro, Jean Stafford, Christina Stead, Peter Taylor, Robert Penn Warren, as well as articles and book reviews by Eric Bentley, Cleanth Brooks, R. P. Blackmur, Malcolm Cowley, Richard Ellmann, Leslie Fiedler, Martin Green, Raymond Williams. During Macauley's tenure The Kenyon Review published the first reviews in English of Tristes Tropiques and A Clockwork Orange. A decade after Ransom left the magazine, in 1969, Kenyon College closed it down as its reputation dropped and financial burdens continued.
In 1979, the quarterly was started up again. Marilyn Hacker, a poet, became the magazine's first full-time editor. "She broadened the quarterly's scope to include more minority and marginalized viewpoints," according to the magazine. In April 1994, the college trustees directed that costs be cut and revenues increased in various ways. Hacker left and an English professor at the college, David H. Lynn, took over on a two-thirds time basis; the publication's finances have stabilized and improved, a Kenyon Review Board of Trustees has been set up. The Kenyon Review Short Fiction Prize, established in 2008, is awarded annually to writers under the age of thirty. Cara Blue Adams won the inaugural contest, judged by novelist Alice Hoffman, while Nick Ripatrazone and Megan Mayhew Bergman were named runners-up; the Kenyon Review Award for Literary Achievement was created in 2002 to honor careers of extraordinary literary achievement, recognizing writers whose influence and importance have shaped the American literary landscape.
It celebrates writers for the courage of their vision, their unparalleled imagination, for the beauty of their art. The award is presented at a gala benefit dinner each year in New York City; the first award was presented to novelist E. L. Doctorow. Novelist and short-story writer Joyce Carol Oates received the award in 2003, while poet Seamus Heaney won it in 2004; the 2005 honorees were Umberto Eco, the novelist, Roger Angell, the New Yorker fiction editor and baseball writer. In 2006 Ian McEwan received the award. In 2009 Louise Erdrich was honored, in 2010 poet W. S. Merwin received the award. Historian and critic Simon Schama was the winner in 2011. Author and human rights advocate Elie Wiesel received the honor in 2012. In 2013 the poet Carl Phillips received the award, followed by novelist Ann Patchett in 2014. Roger Rosenblatt and playwright, won in 2015; the Kenyon Review honored author Hilary Mantel in 2016, in 2017 acknowledged author Colm Toibin. Proceeds from the annual dinner go to the Kenyon Review's endowment fund, which supports both the magazine and the scholarships and fellowships to the Review's summer writing programs.
In 2017, members of the Board of Trustees of Kenyon College, Kenyon Review and Gund Gallery established the E. L. Doctorow Fund to provide additional scholarship support to a student committed to arts and literature. Jean Farley List of literary magazines Official website
A Public Space
A Public Space is a nonprofit quarterly English-language literary magazine based in Brooklyn, New York. First published in April 2006, A Public Space publishes fiction, poetry and art; the magazine's Focus portfolios have examined the writing of a different country each issue, covering the literature of Japan and Peru in Issues 1-3. The magazine was founded in 2005 by Brigid Hughes, former Executive Editor of The Paris Review; the magazine is published quarterly. In its debut issue in 2006, Hughes stated that the journal's mission was to be "“A literary forum for the stories behind the news, a fragment of an overheard conversation, a peek at the novel the person next to you on the subway is reading, the life you invent for the man in front of you at the supermarket checkout line. Ideas and stories about the things that confront us, amuse us, confound us, intrigue us.”Marilynne Robinson, Jesmyn Ward, Haruki Murakami, Charles D'Ambrosio, Rick Moody, Anna Deavere Smith, Kelly Link, Sreyash Sarkar, Daniel Alarcón, Juan Manuel Chavez, Santiago Roncagliolo, Miguel Gutierrez, Jillian Weise, Keith Lee Morris, Jonathan Lethem, Martha Cooley, Anne Carson, Delia Falconer, David Levi Strauss, Nam Le, Ander Monson, Maile Chapman, Antoine Wilson and Garth Greenwell have all contributed.
A Public Space was named Best New Literary Magazine by The Village Voice in December 2006. In 2011, Brigid Hughes received the PEN/Nora Magid Award for Magazine Editing for "her commitment to quality literature and for her larger purpose." In 2018, the magazine received the inaugural Whiting Literary Magazine Prize in the print category for its "gorgeously curated collection we experience as a cabinet of wonders." List of literary magazines Official website
William Clark Styron Jr. was an American novelist and essayist who won major literary awards for his work. Styron was best known for his novels, including: Lie Down in Darkness, his acclaimed first work, published when he was 26. In 1985, he suffered from his first serious bout with depression. Once he recovered from his illness, Styron was able to write the memoir Darkness Visible, the work he became best known for during the last two decades of his life. Styron was born in the Hilton Village historic district of Newport News, the son of Pauline Margaret and William Clark Styron, he was steeped in its history. His birthplace was less than a hundred miles from the site of Nat Turner’s slave rebellion the source for Styron's most famous and controversial novel. Styron's Northern mother and liberal Southern father gave him a broad perspective on race relations. Styron’s childhood was a difficult one, his father, a shipyard engineer, suffered from clinical depression, which Styron himself would experience.
His mother died from breast cancer in 1939 when Styron was still a boy, following her decade-long battle with the disease. Styron attended public school in Warwick County, first at Hilton School and at Morrison High School for two years, until his father sent him to Christchurch School, an Episcopal college-preparatory school in the Tidewater region of Virginia. Styron once said, "But of all the schools I attended...only Christchurch commanded something more than mere respect—which is to say, my true and abiding affection."Upon graduation, Styron enrolled in Davidson College and joined Phi Delta Theta. By the age of eighteen he was reading the writers who would have a lasting influence on his vocation as a novelist and writer Thomas Wolfe. Styron transferred to Duke University in 1943 as a part of the U. S. Navy and Marine Corps V-12 program aimed at fast-tracking officer candidates by enrolling them in basic training and bachelor's degree programs. There he published his first fiction, a short story influenced by William Faulkner, in an anthology of student work.
Styron published several short stories in the University literary magazine, The Archive, between 1944 and 1946. Though Styron was made a lieutenant in the U. S. Marine Corps, the Japanese surrendered before his ship left San Francisco. After the war, he returned to full-time studies at Duke and completed his Bachelor of Arts in English in 1947. After graduation, Styron took an editing position with McGraw-Hill in New York City. Styron recalled the misery of this work in an autobiographical passage of Sophie’s Choice. After provoking his employers into firing him, he set about writing his first novel in earnest. Three years he published the novel, Lie Down in Darkness, the story of a dysfunctional Virginia family; the novel received overwhelming critical acclaim. For this novel, Styron received the prestigious Rome Prize, awarded by the American Academy in Rome and the American Academy of Arts and Letters, his recall into the military due to the Korean War prevented him from accepting the Rome Prize.
Styron was discharged in 1952 for eye problems. However, he was to transform his experience at Camp Lejeune, North Carolina into his short novel, The Long March, published serially the following year; this was adapted for the Playhouse 90 episode The Long March in 1958. Styron spent an extended period in Europe. In Paris, he became friends with writers Romain Gary, George Plimpton, Peter Matthiessen, James Baldwin, James Jones and Irwin Shaw, among others. In 1953, the group founded the magazine Paris Review; the year 1953 was eventful for Styron in another way. Able to take advantage of his Rome Prize, he traveled to Italy, where he became friends with Truman Capote. At the American Academy, he renewed an acquaintance with a young Baltimore poet, Rose Burgunder, to whom he had been introduced the previous fall at Johns Hopkins University, they were married in Rome in the spring of 1953. Some of Styron’s experiences during this period inspired his third published book Set This House on Fire, a novel about intellectual American expatriates on the Amalfi coast of Italy.
The novel received mixed reviews in the United States, although its publisher considered it successful in terms of sales. In Europe its translation into French achieved best-seller status, far outselling the American edition. Styron's next two novels, published between 1967 and 1979, sparked much controversy. Feeling wounded by his first harsh reviews, for Set This House on Fire, Styron spent the years after its publication researching and writing his next novel, the fictitious memoirs of the historical Nathaniel "Nat" Turner, a slave who led a slave rebellion in 1831. During the 1960s, Styron became an eyewitness to another time of rebellion in the United States and writing at the heart of that turbulent decade, a time highlighted by the counterculture revolution with its political struggle, civil unrest, racial tension; the public response to this social upheaval was furious and intense: battle lines were being drawn. In 1968, Styron signed the "Writers and Editors War Tax Protest" pledge, a vow refusing to pay taxes as a protest against the Vietnam War.
In this atmosphere of dissent, many had criticized Styron's friend James Baldwi
North Adams, Massachusetts
North Adams is a city in Berkshire County, United States. It is part of Massachusetts Metropolitan Statistical Area, its population was 13,708 as of the 2010 census. Best known as the home of the largest contemporary art museum in the United States, the Massachusetts Museum of Contemporary Art, North Adams has in recent years become a center for tourism and recreation. North Adams was first settled in 1745 during King George's War. During the war and Native American forces laid siege to Fort Massachusetts. 30 prisoners were taken to Quebec. The town was incorporated separately from Adams in 1878, reincorporated as a city in 1895; the city is named in honor of Samuel Adams, a leader in the American Revolution, signer of the Declaration of Independence, governor of Massachusetts. For much of its history, North Adams was a mill town. Manufacturing began in the city before the Revolutionary War because the confluence of the Hoosic River's two branches provided water power for small-scale industry. By the late 1700s and early 1800s, businesses included wholesale shoe manufacturers.
Expansion westwards started with the creation of three mill Villages, Blackinton in 1821, Greylock in 1846 and Braytonville in 1832, located to take advantage of the Hoosac River's water power. The 1850 census marked the official shift of the town from agriculture to industry, since more factory workers than farmers now resided in the town; the use of Chinese strikebreakers in 1870, from California to break the North Adams strike of shoe workers was a step in the movement of Chinese from the West coast to the East coast, resulting in East coast Chinatowns in the United States. North Adams was the headquarters for building the Hoosac Tunnel starting in 1851 and completed in 1874, adding an east-west connection to Boston and Albany to the existing 1842 rail connection to New York. Prior to that time, inter-regional travel was limited to weekly stagecoaches from Albany and Greenfield. Downtown in 1860, Oliver Arnold and Company was established with the latest equipment for printing cloth. Large government contracts to supply fabric for the Union Army helped the business prosper.
During the next four decades, Arnold Print Works became one of the world's leading manufacturers of printed textiles. It became the largest employer in North Adams, with some 3,200 workers by 1905. Despite decades of success, falling cloth prices and the lingering effects of the Great Depression forced the company to close its Marshall Street operation in 1942 and consolidated at smaller facilities in Adams; that year, the Sprague Electric Company bought the former print works site. Sprague physicists, electrical engineers, skilled technicians were called upon by the U. S. government during World War II to design and manufacture crucial components of advanced weapons systems, including the atomic bomb. With state-of-the-art equipment, Sprague was a major research and development center, conducting studies on electricity and semi-conducting materials. After the war, its products were used in the launch systems for Gemini moon missions, by 1966 Sprague employed 4,137 workers in a community of 18,000.
From the post-war years to the mid-1980s, Sprague produced electrical components for the booming consumer electronics market, but competition from abroad led to declining sales and, in 1985, the company closed operations on Marshall Street. Its closure devastated the local economy. Unemployment rates rose and population declined. After Sprague closed and political leaders in North Adams sought ways to re-use the vast complex. Williams College Museum of Art director Thomas Krens, who would become Director of the Guggenheim, was looking for space to exhibit large works of contemporary art that would not fit in conventional museum galleries; when mayor John Barrett III suggested the vast Marshall Street complex as a possible exhibition site, the idea of creating a contemporary arts center in North Adams began to take shape. The campaign to build support for the proposed institution, which would serve as a platform for presenting contemporary art and developing links to the region's other cultural institutions, began in earnest.
The Massachusetts legislature announced its support for the project in 1988. Subsequent economic upheaval threatened the project, but broad-based support from the community and the private sector, which pledged more than $8 million, ensured that it moved forward; the eventual proposal used the scale and versatility of the industrial spaces to link the facility's past and its new life as the country's largest center for contemporary visual and performing arts. Since it opened, the Massachusetts Museum of Contemporary Art has been part of a larger economic transformation in the region based on cultural and educational offerings. North Adams has become home for several new restaurants, contemporary art galleries, cultural organizations. In addition, once-shuttered area factories and mills have been rehabilitated as lofts for artists to live and work in. According to the United States Census Bureau, North Adams has a total area of 20.6 square miles, of which 20.3 square miles is land and 0.27 square miles, or 1.31%, is water.
North Adams is bordered by Clarksburg to the north, Florida to the east, Adams to the south, an
The Paris Review
The Paris Review is a quarterly English language literary magazine established in Paris in 1953 by Harold L. Humes, Peter Matthiessen, George Plimpton. In its first five years, The Paris Review published works by Jack Kerouac, Philip Larkin, V. S. Naipaul, Philip Roth, Terry Southern, Adrienne Rich, Italo Calvino, Samuel Beckett, Nadine Gordimer, Jean Genet, Robert Bly; the Review's "Writers at Work" series includes interviews with Ezra Pound, Ernest Hemingway, T. S. Eliot, Ralph Ellison, William Faulkner, Thornton Wilder, Robert Frost, Pablo Neruda, William Carlos Williams, Vladimir Nabokov, among many hundreds of others. Literary critic Joe David Bellamy called the series "one of the single most persistent acts of cultural conservation in the history of the world."The headquarters of The Paris Review moved from Paris to New York City in 1973. Plimpton edited the Review from its founding until his death in 2003. Brigid Hughes took over as "executive editor" from 2003 to 2005, she was followed by Philip Gourevitch from 2005 to 2010, Lorin Stein from 2010 to 2017, Emily Nemens since April 2018.
An editorial statement, penned in the inaugural issue by William Styron, stated the magazine's aim: The Paris Review hopes to emphasize creative work—fiction and poetry—not to the exclusion of criticism, but with the aim in mind of removing criticism from the dominating place it holds in most literary magazines. I think The Paris Review should welcome these people into its pages: the good writers and good poets, the non-drumbeaters and non-axe-grinders. So long as they're good; the Review's founding editors include Humes, Plimpton, William Pène du Bois, Thomas Guinzburg and John P. C. Train; the first publisher was Prince Sadruddin Aga Khan. Du Bois, the magazine’s first art editor, designed the iconic Paris Review eagle to include both American and French significance: an American eagle holding a pen and wearing a Phrygian cap; the magazine’s first office was located in a small room of the publishing house Éditions de la Table ronde. Other notable locations of The Paris Review include a Thames River grain carrier anchored on the Seine from 1956 to 1957.
The Café de Tournon in the Rue de Tournon on the Rive Gauche was the meeting place for staffers and writers, including du Bois, Matthiessen, Alexander Trocchi, Christopher Logue and Eugene Walter. The first-floor and basement rooms in Plimpton's 72nd Street apartment became the headquarters of The Paris Review when the magazine moved from Paris to New York City in 1973. Brigid Hughes took over as editor following Plimpton's death in 2003, she was succeeded by Philip Gourevitch in spring 2005. Under Gourevitch's leadership, the Review began incorporating more nonfiction pieces and, for the first time, began publishing a photography spread; the Paris Review announced, in 2006, the publication of a four-volume set of Paris Review interviews. The Paris Review Interviews, Volumes I-IV were published by Picador from 2006–2009. Gourevitch announced his departure in the fall of 2009, citing a desire to concentrate more on his writing. In 2007, an article published by The New York Times supported the claim that founding editor Matthiessen was in the CIA but stated that the magazine was used as a cover, rather than a collaborator, for his spying activities.
In a May 27, 2008 interview with Charlie Rose, Matthiessen stated that he "invented The Paris Review as cover" for his CIA activities. Matthiessen maintained that the Review was not part of the Congress for Cultural Freedom, an organization used by the CIA to sponsor an array of literary magazines. Lorin Stein was named editor of The Paris Review in April 2010, he oversaw a redesign of the magazine's print edition and its website, both of which were met with critical acclaim. In September 2010, the Review made available online its entire archive of interviews. On December 6, 2017, Stein resigned amid an internal investigation into his sexual misconduct toward women he worked with at the magazine. In October 2012, The Paris Review published an anthology, Object Lessons, comprising a selection of twenty short stories from The Paris Review's archive, each with an introduction by a contemporary author. Contributors include Jeffrey Eugenides, Lydia Davis, Ali Smith, it promises to be an "indispensable resource for writers and anyone else who wants to understand fiction from a writer’s point of view".
On October 8, 2012, the magazine launched its app for iPhone. Developed by Atavist, the app includes access to new issues, back issues, archival collections from its fiction and poetry sections—along with the complete interview series and the Paris Review Daily. In November 2015, The Paris Review published its first anthology of new writing since 1964, The Unprofessionals: New American Writing from The Paris Review; this collection includes fiction and poetry from the last five years of the magazine under Lorin Stein's editorial direction. Including writing by well-established authors like Zadie Smith, Ben Lerner, John Jeremiah Sullivan, as well as emerging writers like Emma Cline, Ottessa Moshfegh, Alexandra Kleeman, Angela Flournoy, The Unprofessionals emphasizes “contemporary writers who treat their art not as a profession, but as a calling.”The current staff of The Paris Review includes Nicole Rudick, Dan Piepenbring, Caitlin Youngquist, Sadie Stein, Robyn Creswell