Andrea Cantelmo

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Andrea Cantelmo
Duke of Popoli
Andreas Cantelmo by Paulus Pontius 1643.jpg
Portrait of Andrea Cantelmo, engraved by Paulus Pontius after Michaelina Wautier
Born (1598-08-02)2 August 1598
Died 5 November 1645(1645-11-05) (aged 47)
Allegiance Habsburg
Years of service 1620-1645
Rank maestro di campo generale
Battles/wars Bündner Wirren
Thirty Years' War
Relief of Genoa
War of the Mantuan Succession
Eighty Years' War
Franco-Spanish War (1635–59)
Catalan Revolt

Andrea Cantelmo (2 August 1598 – 5 November 1645) was a Neapolitan commander of Habsburg armies during the Thirty Years' War, the War of the Mantuan Succession, the second phase of the Eighty Years' War and the Franco-Spanish War (1635–59).


Cantelmo, son of the duke of Popoli and of Laura d'Evoli, was born in Pettorano sul Gizio on 2 August 1598; in 1620 he obtained a commission as captain of a company of arquebusiers being sent to the Valtelline. After serving in the Valtelline he transferred to the army of Emperor Ferdinand II as a cavalry commander, serving in Bohemia before returning to Italy to take part in the Relief of Genoa, he remained in Italy to serve in the initial stages of the War of the Mantuan Succession, taking part in the Siege of Casale.

In 1631 he transferred again, to the Army of Flanders, serving in the Rhineland and later in Picardy, as general of artillery he played an important role in the Habsburg victory in the Battle of Kallo (1638). He was interested in history and politics, and wrote on the art of war, but his writings have not been preserved, he maintained a correspondence with the humanist historian Erycius Puteanus.[1]

By 1644 he was in Spain, where he was appointed a member of the Council of War and given command of the Army of Catalonia as acting captain general (substituting for Felipe de Silva).

He died at Alcubierre on 5 November 1645.


  1. ^ Agostino Lauro, "Cantelmo, Andrea", Dizionario Biografico degli Italiani, vol. 18 (1975). Online edition, accessed 14 Feb. 2015.