Los Angeles the City of Los Angeles and known by its initials L. A. is the most populous city in California, the second most populous city in the United States, after New York City, the third most populous city in North America. With an estimated population of four million, Los Angeles is the cultural and commercial center of Southern California; the city is known for its Mediterranean climate, ethnic diversity and the entertainment industry, its sprawling metropolis. Los Angeles is the largest city on the West Coast of North America. Los Angeles is in a large basin bounded by the Pacific Ocean on one side and by mountains as high as 10,000 feet on the other; the city proper, which covers about 469 square miles, is the seat of Los Angeles County, the most populated county in the country. Los Angeles is the principal city of the Los Angeles metropolitan area, the second largest in the United States after that of New York City, with a population of 13.1 million. It is part of the Los Angeles-Long Beach combined statistical area the nation's second most populous area with a 2015 estimated population of 18.7 million.
Los Angeles is one of the most substantial economic engines within the United States, with a diverse economy in a broad range of professional and cultural fields. Los Angeles is famous as the home of Hollywood, a major center of the world entertainment industry. A global city, it has been ranked 6th in the Global Cities Index and 9th in the Global Economic Power Index; the Los Angeles metropolitan area has a gross metropolitan product of $1.044 trillion, making it the third-largest in the world, after the Tokyo and New York metropolitan areas. Los Angeles hosted the 1932 and 1984 Summer Olympics and will host the event for a third time in 2028; the city hosted the Miss Universe pageant twice, in 1990 and 2006, was one of 9 American cities to host the 1994 FIFA men's soccer World Cup and one of 8 to host the 1999 FIFA women's soccer World Cup, hosting the final match for both tournaments. Home to the Chumash and Tongva, Los Angeles was claimed by Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo for Spain in 1542 along with the rest of what would become Alta California.
The city was founded on September 4, 1781, by Spanish governor Felipe de Neve. It became a part of Mexico in 1821 following the Mexican War of Independence. In 1848, at the end of the Mexican–American War, Los Angeles and the rest of California were purchased as part of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, becoming part of the United States. Los Angeles was incorporated as a municipality on April 4, 1850, five months before California achieved statehood; the discovery of oil in the 1890s brought rapid growth to the city. The completion of the Los Angeles Aqueduct in 1913, delivering water from Eastern California assured the city's continued rapid growth; the Los Angeles coastal area was settled by the Chumash tribes. A Gabrieleño settlement in the area was called iyáangẚ, meaning "poison oak place". Maritime explorer Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo claimed the area of southern California for the Spanish Empire in 1542 while on an official military exploring expedition moving north along the Pacific coast from earlier colonizing bases of New Spain in Central and South America.
Gaspar de Portolà and Franciscan missionary Juan Crespí, reached the present site of Los Angeles on August 2, 1769. In 1771, Franciscan friar Junípero Serra directed the building of the Mission San Gabriel Arcángel, the first mission in the area. On September 4, 1781, a group of forty-four settlers known as "Los Pobladores" founded the pueblo they called El Pueblo de Nuestra Señora la Reina de los Ángeles,'The Town of Our Lady the Queen of the Angels'; the present-day city has the largest Roman Catholic Archdiocese in the United States. Two-thirds of the Mexican or settlers were mestizo or mulatto, a mixture of African and European ancestry; the settlement remained a small ranch town for decades, but by 1820, the population had increased to about 650 residents. Today, the pueblo is commemorated in the historic district of Los Angeles Pueblo Plaza and Olvera Street, the oldest part of Los Angeles. New Spain achieved its independence from the Spanish Empire in 1821, the pueblo continued as a part of Mexico.
During Mexican rule, Governor Pío Pico made Los Angeles Alta California's regional capital. Mexican rule ended during the Mexican–American War: Americans took control from the Californios after a series of battles, culminating with the signing of the Treaty of Cahuenga on January 13, 1847. Railroads arrived with the completion of the transcontinental Southern Pacific line to Los Angeles in 1876 and the Santa Fe Railroad in 1885. Petroleum was discovered in the city and surrounding area in 1892, by 1923, the discoveries had helped California become the country's largest oil producer, accounting for about one-quarter of the world's petroleum output. By 1900, the population had grown to more than 102,000; the completion of the Los Angeles Aqueduct in 1913, under the supervision of William Mulholland, assured the continued growth of the city. Due to clauses in the city's charter that prevented the City of Los Angeles from selling or providing water from the aqueduct to any area outside its borders, many adjacent city and communities became compelled to annex themselves into Los Angeles.
Los Angeles created the first municipal zoning ordinance in the United States. On September 14, 1908, the Los Angeles City Council promulgated residential and industrial land use zones; the new ordinance established three residential zones of a single type, where industrial uses were
Gilda Susan Radner was an American comedian and actress, one of the seven original cast members for the NBC sketch comedy show Saturday Night Live. In her routines, Radner specialized in parodies of television stereotypes, such as advice specialists and news anchors, in 1977, she won an Emmy Award for her performances on the show, she portrayed those characters in her successful one-woman show on Broadway in 1979. Radner's SNL work established her as an iconic figure in the history of American comedy, she died from ovarian cancer in 1989. Her autobiography dealt frankly with her life and personal struggles, including those with the illness, her widower, Gene Wilder, carried out her personal wish that information about her illness would help other cancer victims and inspiring organizations that emphasize early diagnosis, hereditary factors and support for cancer victims. She was posthumously awarded a Grammy Award in 1990. Radner was inducted into the Michigan Women's Hall of Fame in 1992. Radner was born in Detroit, Michigan, to Jewish parents, Henrietta, a legal secretary, Herman Radner, a businessman.
Through her mother, Radner was a second cousin of business executive Steve Ballmer. She grew up in Detroit with a nanny, Elizabeth Clementine Gillies, whom she called "Dibby", an older brother named Michael, she attended the exclusive University Liggett School in Detroit. Toward the end of her life, Radner wrote in her autobiography, It's Always Something, that during her childhood and young adulthood, she battled numerous eating disorders: "I coped with stress by having every possible eating disorder from the time I was nine years old. I have weighed as much as 160 pounds and as little as 93; when I was a kid, I overate constantly. My weight distressed my mother and she took me to a doctor who put me on Dexedrine diet pills when I was ten years old."Radner was close to her father, who operated Detroit's Seville Hotel, where many nightclub performers and actors stayed while performing in the city. He took her on trips to New York to see Broadway shows; as Radner wrote in It's Always Something, when she was 12, her father developed a brain tumor, the symptoms began so that he told people his eyeglasses were too tight.
Within days, he was bedridden and unable to communicate, remained in that condition until his death two years later. Radner graduated from Liggett and enrolled at the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor in 1964. In Ann Arbor, Radner dropped out in her senior year to follow her boyfriend, Canadian sculptor Jeffrey Rubinoff, to Toronto, where she made her professional acting debut in the 1972 production of Godspell with future stars Eugene Levy, Andrea Martin, Victor Garber, Martin Short, Paul Shaffer. Afterward, Radner joined The Second City comedy troupe in Toronto. Radner was a featured player on the National Lampoon Radio Hour, a comedy program syndicated to some 600 U. S. radio stations from 1974 to 1975. Fellow cast members included John Belushi, Chevy Chase, Richard Belzer, Bill Murray, Brian Doyle-Murray, Rhonda Coullet. Radner gained name recognition as one of the original "Not Ready for Prime Time Players", the freshman group on the first season of Saturday Night Live, she was the first performer cast for the show, co-wrote much of the material that she performed, collaborated with Alan Zweibel on sketches that highlighted her recurring characters.
Between 1975 and 1980, she created characters such as obnoxious personal advice expert Roseanne Roseannadanna and "Baba Wawa", a parody of Barbara Walters. After Radner's death, Walters stated in an interview that Radner was the "first person to make fun of news anchors, now it's done all the time." She played the character Emily Litella, an elderly, hearing-impaired woman who gave angry and misinformed editorial replies on "Weekend Update". Additionally, Radner parodied celebrities such as Lucille Ball, Patti Smith, Olga Korbut in SNL sketches, she won an Emmy Award in 1978 for her work on SNL. In Rolling Stone's February 2015 appraisal of all 141 SNL cast members to date, Radner was ranked ninth in importance. " the most beloved of the original cast," they wrote. "In the years between Mary Tyler Moore and Seinfeld's Elaine, Radner was the prototype for the brainy city girl with a bundle of neuroses."Radner battled bulimia while on the show. She had a relationship with SNL castmate Bill Murray, with whom she worked at the National Lampoon, which ended badly.
Few details of their relationship or its end were made public. In It's Always Something, this is the one reference Radner made to Murray in the entire book: "All the guys liked to have me around because I would laugh at them till I peed in my pants and tears rolled out of my eyes. We worked together for a couple of years creating The National Lampoon Show, writing The National Lampoon Radio Hour, working on stuff for the magazine. Bill Murray joined the show and Richard Belzer..."In 1979, incoming NBC President Fred Silverman offered Radner her own primetime variety show, which she turned down. That year, she was a host of the Music for UNICEF Concert at the United Nations General Assembly. Alan Zweibel, who co-created the Roseanne Roseannadanna character and co-wrote Roseanne's dialogue, recalled that Radner, one of three original SNL cast members who stayed away from cocaine, chastised him for abusing it. While in character as Roseanne Roseannadanna, Radner gave the commencement address to the graduating class at the Columbia School of Journalism in 1979.
Radner had mixed emotions about
Andrea Louise Martin is an American actress, singer and comedian, best known for her work in the television series SCTV and Great News. She has appeared in films such as Black Christmas, Wag the Dog and the Angry Inch, My Big Fat Greek Wedding, My Big Fat Greek Wedding 2, Little Italy, she has lent her voice to the animated films Anastasia, The Rugrats Movie and Jimmy Neutron: Boy Genius. Martin has been prolific in the world of theater, winning Tony Awards for both My Favorite Year and the 2013 revival of Pippin. Martin appeared on Broadway in Candide, Oklahoma!, Fiddler on the Roof, Young Frankenstein, Exit the King and Act One. She has received five nominations for the Tony Award for Best Featured Actress in a Musical, more than any other actress in the award's history, she received her first nomination for the Tony Award for Best Featured Actress in a Play for the 2016 revival of Noises Off. She starred as Carol Wendelson on the NBC sitcom Great News. Andrea Martin was born in 1947 in Portland, the eldest of three children of Sybil A. and John Papazian Martin (Armenian: Ջոն Փազազյան Մարտին.
Her paternal grandparents were Armenian immigrants who moved to the U. S. from the Ottoman Empire to escape the Armenian Genocide. Her grandfather changed the family’s name from Papazian to Martin, her maternal grandparents were Armenians from Istanbul. Her father owned Martin's Foods, a grocery store chain. Soon after graduating from Emerson College, Martin won a role in a touring company of You're a Good Man, Charlie Brown. After frequent visits to Toronto, she relocated from New York City to Toronto in 1970 and found steady work in television and theater. In 1972, Martin played the character of Robin in a Toronto production of Godspell, with a company that included future stars Gilda Radner, Martin Short, Eugene Levy, Victor Garber, musical director Paul Shaffer. Two of her early film roles were in horror films, 1973's Cannibal Girls, for which she won the Sitges Film Festival Award for Best Actress, in 1974, as the bookish sorority sister Phyllis in Black Christmas, a Canadian slasher. In 1976, she joined then-unknowns John Candy, Dave Thomas, Eugene Levy, Catherine O'Hara, Harold Ramis and Joe Flaherty on the Canadian sketch comedy television series, SCTV, set at fictional television station "Second City Television", or SCTV, in Melonville.
Martin most notably portrayed leopard-print-wearing station manager Edith Prickley, whose dealings with the staff, including president/owner Guy Caballero, clueless newscaster Earl Camembert, washed-up actor Johnny LaRue, helped to provide much of the show's humor. Other notable characters Martin played included incomprehensible European immigrant Pirini Scleroso, organ saleswoman Edna Boil, feminist TV show host Libby Wolfson, children's entertainer Mrs. Falbo, her talent for impersonation was key in her humorous portrayals of Barbra Streisand, Ethel Merman, Arlene Francis, Pauline Kael, Sally Field, Sophia Loren, Beverly Sills, Lynn Redgrave, Linda Lavin, Bernadette Peters, Liza Minnelli, Connie Francis, Mother Teresa, Joni Mitchell, Alice B. Toklas, Patti Smith, Brenda Vaccaro and Indira Gandhi. In 1981, Martin was Emmy-nominated for Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Variety Show for her work in SCTV, her 1970's stage work included the Toronto branch of the improvisational comedy troupe The Second City, a group which produced the entire cast of SCTV.
In 1992, she made her Broadway debut in the musical My Favorite Year, for which she won the Tony Award, Theatre World Award, Drama Desk Award for Best Featured Actress in a Musical. Additional Broadway credits include Candide and Oklahoma!, the Broadway premiere of Young Frankenstein, all of which brought her Tony Award nominations for Best Featured Actress in a Musical. Martin starred alongside Susan Sarandon in the Broadway revival of Exit the King. For her performance as Juliette, she was nominated for a Drama Outer Critics Circle Award, she wrote and performed in the critically acclaimed one-woman show Nude, Totally Nude in Los Angeles and New York City, receiving a 1996 Drama Desk Award for Outstanding One Person Show. Other theater credits include the leads in The Rose Tattoo and Betty's Summer Vacation, for which she won the Elliot Norton Award for Best Actress, both produced at The Huntington Theatre in Boston. During the winter of 2012–2013, she played Berthe, Pippin's grandmother, in the American Repertory Theater production of Pippin in Cambridge, singing the classic song "No Time At All".
The show transferred to Broadway at the Music Box Theatre and opened in April 2013. For Pippin Martin won the Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Featured Actress in a Musical, the Outer Critics Circle Award for Best Featured Actress in a Musical and the Tony Award for Best Featured Actress in a Musical. Martin's last performance as Berthe in the Broadway production of Pippin was on September 22, 2013, she appeared on Broadway in the new play written and directed by James Lapine, Act One, for which she received the Outer Critics Circle Award. Martin has played Wanda the Word Fairy in numerous short segments on Sesame Street, she appeared on Kate & Allie as the executive producer of a low-rated cable channel, spun-off into her own CBS series, Roxie. Star Trek fans may recognize her as one of two actresses to play Ishka, Quark's iconoclastic mother on Star Trek: Deep Space Nine. For her role, she was made up to appear as an older woman, although in reality, Martin is less than three years older than Armin Shimerman, who played Quark.
She has won two Emmy Awards for Outstanding Writing in a Variety or Mus
Martin Hayter Short is a Canadian-American comedian, actor and writer. He is known for his work on the television programs Saturday Night Live, he has starred in comedy films, such as Three Amigos, Three Fugitives, Father of the Bride, Pure Luck, Captain Ron, Father of the Bride Part II, Mars Attacks!, Jungle 2 Jungle, The Santa Clause 3: The Escape Clause, created the characters Jiminy Glick and Ed Grimley. In 1999, he won a Tony Award for his lead performance in a Broadway revival of Little Me. Short was born in Hamilton, the youngest of five children of Olive Grace, a concertmistress of the Hamilton Symphony Orchestra, Charles Patrick Short, a corporate executive with Stelco, a Canadian steel company, he and his siblings were raised as Catholics. He had three older brothers, David and Brian, one older sister, Nora. Short's father was an Irish Catholic emigrant from Crossmaglen, South Armagh, who came to North America as a stowaway during the Irish War of Independence. Short's mother was of Irish descent.
She encouraged his early creative endeavours. His eldest brother, was killed in a car accident in Montréal, Québec, in 1962 when Short was 12, his mother died of cancer in 1968, his father two years of complications from a stroke. Short attended Westdale Secondary School and graduated from McMaster University with a Bachelor of Arts degree in Social Work in 1971; when Short graduated from McMaster University, he intended to pursue a career in social work. Among other members of that production's cast were Victor Garber, Gilda Radner, Eugene Levy, Dave Thomas, Andrea Martin. Short stated in the documentary Love, Gilda that he and Gilda Radner dated each other on and off during that time, he was subsequently cast in several television shows and plays, including the drama Fortune and Men's Eyes. He worked in Canada through 1979. In 1979, Short starred in the US sitcom The Associates about a group of young novice lawyers working at a Wall Street law firm. In 1980, he joined the cast of I'm a Big Girl Now, a sitcom starring Danny Thomas.
Canova was offered the sitcom because of her success playing Corinne Tate Flotsky on ABC's Soap and left Soap shortly before Short's newlywed wife Nancy Dolman joined it. Short was encouraged to pursue comedy by McMaster classmates Eugene Levy and Dave Thomas, whom he joined in the improvisation group The Second City in Toronto, Ontario, in 1977, he came to public notice when the group produced a show for television, Second City Television or SCTV, which ran for several years in Canada the United States. Short appeared on SCTV in 1982–83. At SCTV, Short developed several characters before moving on to Saturday Night Live for the 1984–85 season: Talk show host Brock Linehan, based on the Canadian interviewer Brian Linehan Aged songwriter Irving Cohen thought to be loosely based on American composers Irving Caesar and/or Irving Berlin, but inspired by Sophie Tucker Entertainer Jackie Rogers, Jr. Current-events commentator Troy Soren Industrialist and art patron Bradley P. Allen Defense attorney Nathan Thurm Oddball man-child Ed Grimley featured on SNL and in his own short-lived animated television series in 1989 titled The Completely Mental Misadventures of Ed Grimley, the only children's animated series adapted from an SCTV character and a Saturday Night Live character.
Short joined Saturday Night Live for the 1984–85 season. He helped revive the show with his many characters for season ten. "Short's appearance on SNL helped to revive the show's fanbase, which had flagged after the departure of Eddie Murphy, in turn, would launch his successful career in films and television." His SNL characters included numerous holdovers from his SCTV days, most notably, his Ed Grimley character, depicted on Saturday Night Live as a geeky everyman who finds himself in bizarre situations rather than a miscast bad actor in several film and TV show parodies. He did impressions of such celebrities as Jerry Lewis and Katharine Hepburn. In addition to his work on SCTV and SNL, Short has starred in several television specials and series of his own. In 1985, Short starred in the one-hour Showtime special, Martin Short: Concert for the North Americas; this was Short's first live concert, interspersed with studio sketches and a wraparound featuring Jackie Rogers Jr. Co-produced by the CBC, this aired as The Martin Short Comedy Special in Canada in March 1986.
In 1989, Short headlined another one-hour comedy special, this time for HBO, I, Martin Short, Goes Hollywood, Short's classic send-up of all things Hollywood. It featured many of his characters including Jackie Rogers Jr.. Short has had three television shows called The Martin Short Show, including a sitcom, The Martin Short Show, 1994. Short starred as Jiminy Glick on Comedy Central's Primetime Glick, he interviewed celebrities as the character Jiminy Glick. The New York Times in 2002 referred to the character as "the most unpredictable and hilariously uninhibited comic creation to hit TV since Bart Simpson was in diapers."In addition to his own series, Short has guest starred on several shows including Arrested Development, Muppets Tonight, Law & Orde
Steven John Carell is an American actor, producer and director. He is well known for his portrayal of gaffe-prone boss Michael Scott on the American version of The Office, on which he worked as an occasional producer and director. Carell was a correspondent on The Daily Show with Jon Stewart from 1999 to 2005, he has starred in Anchorman: The Legend of Ron Burgundy, The 40-Year-Old Virgin, Evan Almighty, Get Smart, Stupid, The Incredible Burt Wonderstone and The Way, Way Back. He has voice acted in Over the Hedge, Horton Hears a Who! and the Despicable Me franchise. In 2016, Carell co-created the TBS comedy series Angie Tribeca with Nancy Carell. Carell was nominated as "America's funniest man" in Life magazine, received the Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Television Series Musical or Comedy for his work on the first season of The Office, his role as wrestling coach and convicted murderer John Eleuthère du Pont in the drama film Foxcatcher earned him, among various honors, nominations for the Academy Award for Best Actor, the Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama and the BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Supporting Role.
He received acclaim for his roles in Little Miss Sunshine, The Big Short, Battle of the Sexes, the latter two earning him his eighth and ninth Golden Globe Award nominations, respectively. The youngest of four brothers, Carell was born at Emerson Hospital in Concord and raised in nearby Acton, Massachusetts, his father, Edwin A. Carell, was an electrical engineer, his mother, Harriet Theresa, was a psychiatric nurse, his maternal uncle, Stanley Koch, worked with scientist Allen B. DuMont to create cathode ray tubes, his father is of Italian and German descent and his mother was of Polish ancestry. Carell was raised Roman Catholic, was educated at Nashoba Brooks School, The Fenn School, Middlesex School, he played ice lacrosse while in high school. He played the fife, performing with other members of his family, joined a reenacting group portraying the 10th Regiment of Foot, he attributed his interest in history to this, earning a degree in the subject from Denison University in Granville, Ohio, in 1984.
While at Denison, Carell was a member of Burpee's Seedy Theatrical Company, a student-run improvisational comedy troupe and was a goalie on the school's Big Red hockey team for four years. He spent time as a disc jockey under the name "Sapphire Steve Carell" at WDUB, the campus radio station. Carell states that he worked as a mail carrier in Massachusetts, he recounted that he quit after seven months because his boss told him he was not good at being a mail carrier and needed to be faster. Early in his performing career, Carell acted on the stage in a touring children's theater company in the comedy musical Knat Scatt Private Eye and in a television commercial for the restaurant chain Brown's Chicken in 1989. In 1991, Carell performed with Chicago troupe The Second City where Stephen Colbert was his understudy for a time. Carell made his film debut in a minor role in Curly Sue. In spring 1996, he was a cast member of The Dana Carvey Show, a short-lived sketch comedy program on ABC. Along with fellow cast member Colbert, Carell provided the voice of Gary, half of The Ambiguously Gay Duo, the Robert Smigel-produced animated short which continued on Saturday Night Live that year.
While the program lasted only seven episodes, The Dana Carvey Show has since been credited with forging Carell's career. He starred in a few short-lived television series and Over the Top, he has made numerous guest appearances, including in "Funny Girl", an episode of Just Shoot Me!. Additional screen credits include Brad Hall's short-lived situation comedy Watching Ellie and Woody Allen's Melinda and Melinda. Carell was a correspondent for The Daily Show from 1999 to 2005, with a number of regular segments including "Even Stevphen" with Stephen Colbert and "Produce Pete". In 2005, Carell signed a deal with NBC to star in The Office, a remake of the British TV series of the same name. In the series, a mockumentary about life at a mid-sized paper supply company, Carell played the role of Michael Scott, the idiosyncratic regional manager of Dunder Mifflin, in Scranton, Pennsylvania. Although the first season of the adaptation suffered mediocre ratings, NBC renewed it for another season due to the anticipated success of Carell's film The 40-Year-Old Virgin, the series subsequently became a ratings success.
Carell won a Golden Globe Award and Television Critics Association Award during 2006 for his role in The Office. He received six Primetime Emmy Award nominations for his work in the series. Carell earned US$175,000 per episode of the third season of The Office, twice his salary for the previous two seasons. In an Entertainment Weekly interview, he commented on his salary, saying, "You don't want people to think you're a pampered jerk. Salaries can be ridiculous. On the other hand, a lot of people are making a lot of money off of these shows."Carell was allowed "flex time" during filming to work on theatrical films. Carell worked on Evan Almighty during a production hiatus during the second season of The Office. Production ended during the middle of the fourth season of The Office because of Carell's and others' refusal to cross the picket line of the 2007 Writers Guild of America strike. Carell, a WGA member, has written two episodes of The Office: "Casino Night" and "Survivor Man". Both episodes were praised, Carell won a Writers Guild of America Award for "Casino Night
Catherine Anne O'Hara is a Canadian-American actress and comedian. She first drew notice as an actress in 1974 as a member of The Second City improvisational comedy troupe in Toronto, she landed her first significant television role in 1975 starring opposite John Candy and Dan Aykroyd in the main cast of the Canadian sitcom Coming Up Rosie. The following year and Candy began work on Second City Television, where she drew acclaim for both her work as a comedic actress and writer, winning a Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Writing for a Variety Series in 1981. O'Hara has appeared in several films directed by Tim Burton, beginning with the role of Delia Deetz in the 1988 film Beetlejuice. Other roles she has portrayed in Burton films include the voices of Sally/Shock in The Nightmare Before Christmas and Susan Frankenstein in Frankenweenie, she has frequently collaborated with director and writer Christopher Guest, appearing in the mockumentary films Waiting for Guffman, Best in Show, A Mighty Wind, For Your Consideration.
In 2000, she won a Genie Award for Best Performance by an Actress in a Leading Role for the film The Life Before This. She is known to audiences as Kate McCallister, the mother of Kevin, in both Home Alone and Home Alone 2: Lost in New York, she has played the role of Justice Strauss in Lemony Snicket's A Series of Unfortunate Events. In 2010 O'Hara was nominated for the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Limited Series or Movie and the Satellite Award for Best Supporting Actress – Series, Miniseries or Television Film for her portrayal of Aunt Ann in Temple Grandin opposite Claire Danes. For her work on the television series Schitt's Creek, O'Hara has won four consecutive Canadian Screen Awards for Best Lead Actress in a Comedy Series, between 2016 and 2019, her other notable television appearances include the recurring roles of Dr. Georgina Orwell in the Netflix series A Series of Unfortunate Events and Carol Ward in Six Feet Under, the voices of Jackie Martin in Glenn Martin, DDS, Miss Malone in The Completely Mental Misadventures of Ed Grimley, Kaossandra in Skylanders Academy and Liz Larsen in Committed.
She has hosted Saturday Night Live twice during her career and made numerous guest appearances on sitcoms, variety shows, late night television. O'Hara was born in Toronto, into a large family of Irish descent, she is the sixth of seven children. She attended Burnhamthorpe Collegiate Institute. O'Hara started her comedy career in 1974 as a cast member of The Second City in her native Toronto, she was an understudy for Gilda Radner. Two years this theater troupe created the sketch comedy show SCTV, for which O'Hara became a regular performer, her memorable characterizations on the show included Las Vegas scorcher Lola Heatherton, buzzer-happy game show contestant Margaret Meehan, raunchy nightclub comedian Dusty Towne, soap opera seductress Sue Ellen, stage actress Sue Bopper Simpson. In the late 1970s, she provided voice-overs for a number of cartoons, work which would continue throughout her career. During a short time in the early 1980s when SCTV was in between network deals, she was hired to replace Ann Risley when Saturday Night Live was being retooled in 1981.
However, she quit the show without appearing on air, choosing to go back to SCTV when the show signed on with NBC. Her SNL position was given to fellow Canadian Robin Duke, who had replaced O'Hara for a season on SCTV. O'Hara began her career on television, apart from SCTV, in the mid-1970s, she appeared in the 1976 television film The Rimshots, the children's television series Coming Up Rosie for a year, television specials, such as Witch's Night Out and Intergalactic Thanksgiving. But it was her performances on SCTV that earned her fame in Canada, why she returned to the show, not only as an actress but as a writer for both SCTV and SCTV Network 90, which earned her an Emmy Award for outstanding writing and two Emmy Award nominations, she has written for SCTV Channel. O'Hara has appeared in a number of television series and television films and continues to work in television. During the 1990s, she made guest appearances on Tales from the Crypt, Oh Baby, Morton & Hayes and The Larry Sanders Show.
She served as actress and director on Dream On and The Outer Limits, the revival of the'60s series of the same name. O'Hara has guest-starred on top-rated television series including Six Feet Under and Curb Your Enthusiasm. In May 2008, it was announced that she had signed on to star in the upcoming ABC dramedy Good Behavior, her role in the 2010 television film Temple Grandin earned her three award nominations: a Primetime Emmy Award, a Satellite Award, a Screen Actors Guild Award. O'Hara has had a successful career in film, she made her feature debut in the 1980 film Double Negative, which starred her SCTV co-stars John Candy, Eugene Levy, Joe Flaherty. Throughout the 1980s and 1990s, O'Hara appeared in many supporting roles, including Martin Scorsese's After Hours and Heartburn, with Meryl Streep, she had more notable roles in Beetlejuice, the blockbuster hit Home Alone and its sequel Home Alone 2: Lost in New York. In 1992, O'Hara worked alongside Jeff Daniels in the comedy. O'Hara continued to appear in many films during the beginning of the 21st century.
She received roles in four of Christopher Guest's mockumentary films, three of which earned her awards and nominations: Waiting for Guffman, Best in Show, A Mighty Wind and For Your Consideration. Her role in 1999's The Life Before This
Edmonton is the capital city of the Canadian province of Alberta. Edmonton is on the North Saskatchewan River and is the centre of the Edmonton Metropolitan Region, surrounded by Alberta's central region; the city anchors the north end of what Statistics Canada defines as the "Calgary–Edmonton Corridor". The city had a population of 932,546 in 2016, making it Alberta's second-largest city and Canada's fifth-largest municipality. In 2016, Edmonton had a metropolitan population of 1,321,426, making it the sixth-largest census metropolitan area in Canada. Edmonton is North America's northernmost metropolitan area with a population over one million. A resident of Edmonton is known as an Edmontonian. Edmonton's historic growth has been facilitated through the absorption of five adjacent urban municipalities in addition to a series of annexations through 1982, the annexation of 8,260 ha of land from Leduc County and the city of Beaumont on January 1, 2019. Known as the "Gateway to the North", the city is a staging point for large-scale oil sands projects occurring in northern Alberta and large-scale diamond mining operations in the Northwest Territories.
Edmonton is a cultural and educational centre. It hosts a year-round slate of festivals, reflected in the nickname "Canada's Festival City", it is home to North America's largest mall, West Edmonton Mall, Fort Edmonton Park, Canada's largest living history museum. The earliest known inhabitants arrived in the area, now Edmonton around 3,000 BC and as early as 12,000 BC when an ice-free corridor opened as the last glacial period ended and timber and wildlife became available in the region. In 1754, Anthony Henday, an explorer for the Hudson's Bay Company, may have been the first European to enter the Edmonton area, his expeditions across the Canadian Prairies were to seek contact with the aboriginal population for establishing the fur trade, as the competition was fierce between the Hudson's Bay Company and the North West Company. By 1795, Fort Edmonton was established on the river's north bank as a major trading post for the Hudson's Bay Company; the new fort's name was suggested by John Peter Pruden after Edmonton, the hometown of both the HBC deputy governor Sir James Winter Lake, Pruden.
In 1876, Treaty 6, which includes what is now Edmonton, was signed between the Aboriginal peoples in Canada and Queen Victoria as Queen of Canada, as part of the Numbered Treaties of Canada. The agreement includes the Plains and Woods Cree and other band governments of First Nations at Fort Carlton, Fort Pitt, Battle River; the area covered by the treaty represents most of the central area of the current provinces of Saskatchewan and Alberta. The coming of the Canadian Pacific Railway to southern Alberta in 1885 helped the Edmonton economy, the 1891 building of the Calgary and Edmonton Railway resulted in the emergence of a railway townsite on the river's south side, across from Edmonton; the arrival of the CPR and the C&E Railway helped bring settlers and entrepreneurs from eastern Canada, Europe, U. S. and other parts of the world. The Edmonton area's fertile soil and cheap land attracted settlers, further establishing Edmonton as a major regional commercial and agricultural centre; some people participating in the Klondike Gold Rush passed through South Edmonton/Strathcona in 1897.
Strathcona was North America's northernmost railway point, but travel to the Klondike was still difficult for the "Klondikers," and a majority of them took a steamship north to the Yukon from Vancouver, British Columbia. Incorporated as a town in 1892 with a population of 700 and as a city in 1904 with a population of 8,350, Edmonton became the capital of Alberta when the province was formed a year on September 1, 1905. In November 1905, the Canadian Northern Railway arrived in Edmonton. During the early 1900s, Edmonton's rapid growth led to speculation in real estate. In 1912, Edmonton amalgamated with the City of Strathcona, south of the North Saskatchewan River. Just before World War I, the boom ended, the city's population declined from more than 72,000 in 1914 to less than 54,000 only two years later. Many impoverished families moved to subsistence farms outside the city, while others fled to greener pastures in other provinces. Recruitment to the army during the war contributed to the drop in population.
Afterwards, the city recovered in population and economy during the 1920s and 1930s and took off again during and after World War II. The Edmonton City Centre Airport opened in 1929. Named Blatchford Field in honour of former mayor Kenny Blatchford, pioneering aviators such as Wilfrid R. "Wop" May and Max Ward used Blatchford Field as a major base for distributing mail and medicine to Northern Canada. World War II saw Edmonton become a major base for the construction of the Alaska Highway and the Northwest Staging Route; the airport was closed in November 2013. In 1892 Edmonton was incorporated as a town; the first mayor was Matthew McCauley, who established the first school board in Edmonton and Board of Trade and a municipal police service. Due to mayor McCauley's good relationship with the federal Liberals this helped Edmonton to maintain political prominence over Strathcona, a rival settlement on the south bank of the North Saskatche