Lansing is the capital of the U. S. state of Michigan. It is in Ingham County, although portions of the city extend west into Eaton County and north into Clinton County; the 2010 Census placed the city's population at 114,297, making it the fifth largest city in Michigan. The population of its Metropolitan Statistical Area was 464,036, while the larger Combined Statistical Area population, which includes Shiawassee County, was 534,684, it was named the new state capital of Michigan in 1847. The Lansing metropolitan area, colloquially referred to as "Mid-Michigan", is an important center for educational, governmental and industrial functions. Neighboring East Lansing is home to Michigan State University, a public research university with an enrollment of more than 50,000; the area features two medical schools, one veterinary school, two nursing schools, two law schools. It is the site of the Michigan State Capitol, the state Supreme Court, the Court of Appeals, a federal court, the Library of Michigan and Historical Center, headquarters of four national insurance companies.
Lansing is the only U. S. state capital, not a county seat. The seat of government of Ingham County is Mason; the first recorded person of European descent to travel through the area, now Lansing was British fur trader Hugh Heward and his French-Canadian team on April 24, 1790 while canoeing the Grand River. The land, to become Lansing was surveyed as "Township 4 North Range 2 West" in February 1827 in what was dense forest, it was the last of the county's townships to be surveyed, the land was not offered for sale until October 1830. There would be no roads to this area for decades to come. In the winter of 1835 and early 1836, two brothers from New York plotted the area now known as REO Town just south of downtown Lansing and named it "Biddle City"; this land was underwater during the majority of the year. The brothers went back to Lansing, New York, to sell plots for the town that did not exist, they told the New Yorkers this new "city" had an area of 65 blocks, a church and a public and academic square.
16 men bought plots in the nonexistent city, upon reaching the area that year found they had been scammed. Many in the group too disappointed to stay ended up settling around what is now metropolitan Lansing; those who stayed renamed the area "Lansing Township" in honor of their home village in New York. The settlement of fewer than 20 people would remain dormant until the winter of 1847 when the state constitution required the capital be moved from Detroit to a more central and safer location in the state's interior; the United States had recaptured the city in 1813, but these events led to the dire need to have the center of government relocate from hostile British territory. There was concern with Detroit's strong influence over Michigan politics, being the state's largest city as well as the capital city. During the multi-day session to determine a new location for the state capital, many cities, including Ann Arbor and Jackson, lobbied hard to win this designation. Unable to publicly reach a consensus because of constant political wrangling, the Michigan House of Representatives chose the Township of Lansing out of frustration.
When announced, many present laughed that such an insignificant settlement was now Michigan's capital. Two months Governor William L. Greenly signed into law the act of the legislature making Lansing Township the state capital. With the announcement that Lansing Township had been made the capital, the small village transformed into the seat of state government; the legislature gave the settlement the temporary name of the "Town of Michigan". In April 1848, the legislature gave the settlement the name of "Lansing". Within months after it became the capital city, individual settlements began to develop along three key points along the Grand River in the township: "Lower Village/Town", where present-day Old Town stands, was the oldest of the three villages, it was home to the first house built in his family. Lower Town began to develop in 1847 with the completion of the Franklin Avenue covered bridge over the Grand River. "Upper Village/Town", where present-day REO Town stands at the confluence of the Grand River and the Red Cedar River.
It began to take off in 1847. This village's focal point was the Benton House, a 4-story hotel which opened in 1848, it was the first brick building in Lansing and was razed in 1900. "Middle Village/Town", where downtown Lansing now stands, was the last of the three villages to develop in 1848 with the completion of the Michigan Avenue bridge across the Grand River and the completion of the temporary capitol building which sat where Cooley Law School stands today on Capitol Avenue between Allegan and Washtenaw Streets, the relocation of the post office to the village in 1851. This area would grow to become larger than the other two villages down river. For a brief time the combined villages were referred to as "Michigan" but was named Lansing in 1848. In 1859, the settlement having grown to nearly 3,000 and encompassing about 7 square miles in area was incorporated as a city; the boundaries of the original city were Douglas Avenue to the north and Regent streets to the east, Mount Hope Avenue to the south, Jenison Avenue to the west
Wynn Las Vegas
Wynn Las Vegas simply referred to as Wynn, is a luxury resort and casino located on the Las Vegas Strip in Paradise, Nevada. The US$2.7-billion resort is named after casino developer Steve Wynn and is the flagship property of Wynn Resorts. The resort covers 215 acres, it is located at the northeast corner of Las Vegas Boulevard and Sands Avenue, directly across The Strip from the Fashion Show Mall. The 614-foot -high hotel has 45 floors, with the 2,716 rooms ranging in size from 640 sq ft to villas at 8,900 sq ft; the complex includes a 189,000 sq ft casino, a convention center with 290,000 sq ft of space and 76,000 sq ft of retail space. Together with the adjacent Encore, the entire Wynn resort complex has a total of 4,750 rooms, making it the world's seventh-largest hotel; the Wynn Plaza shopping complex, a large expansion of the Wynn Las Vegas and Encore Las Vegas, is expected to open by fall 2018. The shopping complex moves the Wynn properties closer to Las Vegas Boulevard. Tenants are expected to include upscale restaurants.
The new Wynn Paradise Park is being built on the site of a golf course adjacent to Wynn Las Vegas and Encore Las Vegas. The 20-acre lagoon, waterfront meeting space, other features are expected to draw additional traffic to the hotels. Construction is expected to start in late 2017 or early 2018 for completion in 2019. Steve Wynn called the “Disney-style” attraction the “most fun project in my 45 years.” Company stock rose following the announcement. The resort has earned AAA five diamond, Mobil five-star, Forbes five-star, Michelin five star, Zagat Survey Top U. S. Hotel ratings, as well as one Michelin star for its restaurant Wing Lei, it is considered to be one of the finest hotels in the world. Wynn Las Vegas and its sister property Encore Las Vegas collectively hold more Forbes five-star awards than any other resort and casino in the world. Wynn Las Vegas made Forbes Award history by earning five-star ratings in every category—Hotel and Spa, it has held the distinction of winning the award in the hotel sector every year since 2007.
The building is the first high-rise to be cleaned by an automatic window washing system. The resort is named to the Condé Nast Traveller Gold List as one of the "Top Hotels in the World". Steve Wynn first revealed plans of a 45-story, 2,455-room, 514-foot resort and four-acre lake in August 2001; the project would be built on the site of the Desert Inn. The project's name was revealed on October 2001, as "Le Rêve", meaning "the dream" in French. To make way for the resort, the Desert Inn's main tower was imploded on October 23, 2001; the rest of the Desert Inn was imploded on November 17, 2004. The project included the redesigning of the historic Desert Inn golf course, renamed the Wynn Golf Club; the remainder of the property was acquired by purchasing private residences that were located along Paradise Avenue. While some owners sold early on, others held out; this resulted in numerous legal actions between the various parties. In the end, the site acquired totaled 215 acres. In June 2002, Steve Wynn filed for an IPO to help fund the project.
Wynn hired Marnell Corrao Associates to build the resort. The resort was built at a cost of $2.7 billion, which made it the largest funded construction project in the nation. The name of the resort was changed from "Le Rêve" to "Wynn Las Vegas" on June 23, 2003. Wynn Las Vegas opened on April 28, 2005, the same day as Steve Wynn's wife, Elaine Wynn's birthday, the 55th anniversary of the original Desert Inn opening, five years from the day Wynn purchased the Desert Inn site. Early advertising for the resort featured exterior images of the hotel tower, with Wynn standing on the roof, just above his signature logo; the initial commercial aired in local markets during the 2005 Super Bowl being nationally broadcast as opening drew near. A "teaser" website for the resort included both a "making-of" video; the hotel runs a quarterly magazine, called "WYNN", is available in all guest rooms at both Wynn and Encore, as well as online. Wynn dealers are represented by the Transportation Workers Union. Since Wynn's completion, the resort and other hotels on the Strip has been shown in many films and television shows based on Las Vegas.
The resort is notably featured in the 2009 film 2012, where the film's main characters flee a destroyed Las Vegas by narrowly flying a plane similar to the Antonov An-225 between the crumbling Wynn and Encore towers as they collapse onto one another. In addition, the Encore Theater was home to Beyoncé's sold-out I Am... Tour, featured in I Am... Yours: An Intimate Performance at Wynn Las Vegas, filmed from July 30 to August 2, 2009. An action comedy film Paul Blart: Mall Cop 2 starring Kevin James was filmed at the casino, it is the first film shot on the property of Steve Wynn by his permission. Other films shot at Wynn include Frank & Lola, The Squeeze, Sinatra 100: An All-Star Grammy Concert, Garth Brooks’ Holiday Special, The House. In contrast to previous hotels built by Wynn, including Bellagio, The Mirage, Treasure Island, the Encore Esplanade Fountain is a subdued Las Vegas Strip attraction to draw in passers-by. At its opening, the Wynn was the tallest hotel building on the strip, it was the first Vegas casino to feature a car dealership.
Other firsts: Combination of the room key and the casino frequent-player card into a single card. The largest installation of voice over IP technology for hotel phones; the first Las Vegas casino to install RFID tags inside chips to better detect counterfeiting. The first resort
Michigan State University
Michigan State University is a public research university in East Lansing, Michigan. MSU was founded in 1855 and served as a model for land-grant universities created under the Morrill Act of 1862; the university was founded as the Agricultural College of the State of Michigan, one of the country's first institutions of higher education to teach scientific agriculture. After the introduction of the Morrill Act, the college became coeducational and expanded its curriculum beyond agriculture. Today, MSU is one of the largest universities in the United States and has 563,000 living alumni worldwide. U. S. News & World Report ranks many of its graduate programs among the best in the nation, including African history, criminology and organizational psychology, educational psychology and secondary education, osteopathic medicine, human medicine, nuclear physics, rehabilitation counseling, supply chain/logistics, veterinary medicine. MSU pioneered the studies of packaging, hospitality business, supply chain management, communication sciences.
Michigan State is a member of the Association of American Universities, an organization of 62 leading research universities in North America. The university's campus houses the National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory, the W. J. Beal Botanical Garden, the Abrams Planetarium, the Wharton Center for Performing Arts, the Eli and Edythe Broad Art Museum, the Facility for Rare Isotope Beams, the country's largest residence hall system; the Michigan State Spartans compete in the NCAA Division I Big Ten Conference. Michigan State Spartans football won the Rose Bowl Game in 1954, 1956, 1988 and 2014, a total of six national championships. Spartans men's basketball won the NCAA National Championship in 1979 and 2000 and has attained the Final Four eight times since the 1998–1999 season, including in 2019 with a victory over Duke. Spartans ice hockey won NCAA national titles in 1966, 1986 and 2007; the Michigan Constitution of 1850 called for the creation of an "agricultural school," though it was not until February 12, 1855, that Michigan Governor Kinsley S. Bingham signed a bill establishing the United States' first agriculture college, the Agricultural College of the State of Michigan.
Classes began on May 13, 1857, with three buildings, five faculty members, 63 male students. The first president, Joseph R. Williams, designed a curriculum that required more scientific study than any undergraduate institution of the era, it balanced science, liberal arts, practical training. The curriculum excluded Latin and Greek studies since most applicants did not study any classical languages in their rural high schools. However, it did require three hours of daily manual labor, which kept costs down for both the students and the College. Despite Williams' innovations and his defense of education for the masses, the State Board of Education saw Williams' curriculum as elitist, they reduced the curriculum to a two-year vocational program. In 1860, Williams became acting lieutenant governor and helped pass the Reorganization Act of 1861; this gave the college the power to grant master's degrees. Under the act, a newly created body, known as the State Board of Agriculture, took over from the State Board of Education in running the institution.
The college changed its name to State Agricultural College, its first class graduated in the same year. As the Civil War had begun, there was no time for an elaborate graduation ceremony; the first alumni enlisted to the Union Army. Williams died, the following year, Abraham Lincoln signed the First Morrill Act of 1862 to support similar colleges, making the Michigan school a national model. Shortly thereafter, on March 18, 1863, the state designated the college its land-grant institution making Michigan State University one of the nation's first land-grant college; the college first admitted women in 1870, although at that time there were no female residence halls. The few women who enrolled boarded with faculty families or made the arduous stagecoach trek from Lansing. From the early days, female students took the same rigorous scientific agriculture courses as male students. In 1896, the faculty created a "Women Course" that melded a home economics curriculum with liberal arts and sciences.
That same year, the College turned the Abbot Hall male dorm into a women's dormitory. It was not until 1899 that the State Agricultural College admitted its first African American student, William O. Thompson. After graduation, he taught at. President Jonathan L. Snyder invited its president Booker T. Washington to be the Class of 1900 commencement speaker. A few years Myrtle Craig became the first woman African-American student to enroll at the College. Along with the Class of 1907, she received her degree from U. S. President Theodore Roosevelt, commencement speaker for the Semi-Centennial celebration; the City of East Lansing was incorporated the same year, two years the college changed its name to Michigan Agricultural College. During the early 20th century, M. A. C. Expanded its curriculum well beyond agriculture. By 1925 it had expanded enough it changed its name to Michigan State College of Agriculture and Applied Science. In 1941, the Secretary of the State Board of Agriculture, John A. Hannah, became president of the College.
After World War II, he began the largest expansion in the institution's history, with the help of the 1945 G. I. Bill, which helped World War II veterans gain college educations. One of Hannah's strategies was to build a new dormitory building, enroll enough students to fill it, use the income to start construction on a new dormitory. Under his plan, enrollment increased fr
Fermat's Last Theorem
In number theory Fermat's Last Theorem states that no three positive integers a, b, c satisfy the equation an + bn = cn for any integer value of n greater than 2. The cases n = 1 and n = 2 have been known since antiquity to have an infinite number of solutions; the proposition was first conjectured by Pierre de Fermat in 1637 in the margin of a copy of Arithmetica. However, there were first doubts about it since the publication was done by his son without his consent, after Fermat's death. After 358 years of effort by mathematicians, the first successful proof was released in 1994 by Andrew Wiles, formally published in 1995, it proved much of the modularity theorem and opened up entire new approaches to numerous other problems and mathematically powerful modularity lifting techniques. The unsolved problem stimulated the development of algebraic number theory in the 19th century and the proof of the modularity theorem in the 20th century, it is among the most notable theorems in the history of mathematics and prior to its proof was in the Guinness Book of World Records as the "most difficult mathematical problem" in part because the theorem has the largest number of unsuccessful proofs.
The Pythagorean equation, x2 + y2 = z2, has an infinite number of positive integer solutions for x, y, z. Around 1637, Fermat wrote in the margin of a book that the more general equation an + bn = cn had no solutions in positive integers if n is an integer greater than 2. Although he claimed to have a general proof of his conjecture, Fermat left no details of his proof, no proof by him has been found, his claim was discovered some 30 years after his death. This claim, which came to be known as Fermat's Last Theorem, stood unsolved for the next three and a half centuries; the claim became one of the most notable unsolved problems of mathematics. Attempts to prove it prompted substantial development in number theory, over time Fermat's Last Theorem gained prominence as an unsolved problem in mathematics; the special case n = 4 - proved by Fermat himself - is sufficient to establish that if the theorem is false for some exponent n, not a prime number, it must be false for some smaller n, so only prime values of n need further investigation.
Over the next two centuries, the conjecture was proved for only the primes 3, 5, 7, although Sophie Germain innovated and proved an approach, relevant to an entire class of primes. In the mid-19th century, Ernst Kummer extended this and proved the theorem for all regular primes, leaving irregular primes to be analyzed individually. Building on Kummer's work and using sophisticated computer studies, other mathematicians were able to extend the proof to cover all prime exponents up to four million, but a proof for all exponents was inaccessible. Separately, around 1955, Japanese mathematicians Goro Shimura and Yutaka Taniyama suspected a link might exist between elliptic curves and modular forms, two different areas of mathematics. Known at the time as the Taniyama–Shimura–Weil conjecture, as the modularity theorem, it stood on its own, with no apparent connection to Fermat's Last Theorem, it was seen as significant and important in its own right, but was considered inaccessible to proof. In 1984, Gerhard Frey noticed an apparent link between these two unrelated and unsolved problems.
An outline suggesting this could be proved was given by Frey. The full proof that the two problems were linked was accomplished in 1986 by Ken Ribet, building on a partial proof by Jean-Pierre Serre, who proved all but one part known as the "epsilon conjecture"; these papers by Frey and Ribet showed that if the Modularity Theorem could be proven for at least the semi-stable class of elliptic curves, a proof of Fermat's Last Theorem would follow automatically. The connection is described below: any solution that could contradict Fermat's Last Theorem could be used to contradict the Modularity Theorem. So if the modularity theorem were found to be true by definition no solution contradicting Fermat's Last Theorem could exist, which would therefore have to be true as well. Although both problems were daunting and considered to be "completely inaccessible" to proof at the time, this was the first suggestion of a route by which Fermat's Last Theorem could be extended and proved for all numbers, not just some numbers.
Important for researchers choosing a research topic was the fact that unlike Fermat's Last Theorem the Modularity Theorem was a major active research area for which a proof was desired and not just a historical oddity, so time spent working on it could be justified professionally. However, general opinion was that this showed the impracticality of proving the Taniyama–Shimura conjecture. Mathematician John Coates' quoted reaction was a common one: "I myself was sceptical that the beautiful link between Fermat’s Last Theorem and the Taniyama–Shimura conjecture would lead to anything, because I must confess I did not think that the Taniyama–Shimura conjecture was accessible to proof. Beautiful though this problem was, it seemed impossible to prove. I must confess I thought I wouldn’t see it proved in my lifetime." On hearing that Ribet had proven Frey's li
Donald John Trump is the 45th and current president of the United States. Before entering politics, he was a television personality. Trump was born and raised in the New York City borough of Queens and received an economics degree from the Wharton School, he was appointed president of his family's real estate business in 1971, renamed it The Trump Organization, expanded it from Queens and Brooklyn into Manhattan. The company built or renovated skyscrapers, hotels and golf courses. Trump started various side ventures, including licensing his name for real estate and consumer products, he managed the company until his 2017 inauguration. He co-authored several books, including The Art of the Deal, he owned the Miss Universe and Miss USA beauty pageants from 1996 to 2015, he produced and hosted The Apprentice, a reality television show, from 2003 to 2015. Forbes estimates his net worth to be $3.1 billion. Trump entered the 2016 presidential race as a Republican and defeated sixteen opponents in the primaries.
His campaign received extensive free media coverage. Commentators described his political positions as populist and nationalist. Trump has made many misleading statements during his campaign and presidency; the statements have been documented by fact-checkers, the media have described the phenomenon as unprecedented in American politics. Trump was elected president in a surprise victory over Democratic nominee Hillary Clinton, he became the oldest and wealthiest person to assume the presidency, the first without prior military or government service, the fifth to have won the election despite having lost the popular vote. His election and policies have sparked numerous protests. Many of his comments and actions have been perceived as racially charged or racist. During his presidency, Trump ordered a travel ban on citizens from several Muslim-majority countries, citing security concerns, he enacted a tax cut package for individuals and businesses, which rescinded the individual health insurance mandate and allowed oil drilling in the Arctic Refuge.
He repealed the Dodd-Frank Act that had imposed stricter constraints on banks in the aftermath of the 2008 financial crisis. He has pursued his America First agenda in foreign policy, withdrawing the U. S. from the Trans-Pacific Partnership trade negotiations, the Paris Agreement on climate change, the Iran nuclear deal. He recognized Jerusalem as the capital of Israel, imposed import tariffs on various goods, triggering a trade war with China, negotiated with North Korea seeking denuclearization, he nominated two justices to the Supreme Court: Neil Gorsuch and Brett Kavanaugh. The Justice Department investigated links between the Trump campaign and the Russian government regarding its election interference; when Trump dismissed FBI Director James Comey, in charge of the investigation, Deputy Attorney General Rod Rosenstein appointed Robert Mueller as special counsel to proceed with the probe. The Special Counsel investigation led to guilty pleas by five Trump associates to criminal charges including lying to investigators, campaign finance violations, tax fraud.
Trump denied accusations of collusion and obstruction of justice, calling the investigation a politically motivated "witch hunt". Attorney General William Barr wrote that the special counsel's final report did not find that Trump or his campaign had "conspired or coordinated" with Russia during the 2016 election, but did not reach a conclusion regarding obstruction of justice, neither implicating him regarding obstruction of justice nor exonerating him. Donald John Trump was born on June 14, 1946, at the Jamaica Hospital in the borough of Queens, New York City, his parents were Frederick Christ Trump, a real estate developer, Mary Anne MacLeod. Trump grew up in the Jamaica Estates neighborhood of Queens, attended the Kew-Forest School from kindergarten through seventh grade. At age 13, he was enrolled in the New York Military Academy, a private boarding school, after his parents discovered that he had made frequent trips into Manhattan without their permission. In 1964, Trump enrolled at Fordham University.
After two years, he transferred to the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania. While at Wharton, he worked at Elizabeth Trump & Son, he graduated in May 1968 with a B. S. in economics. When Trump was in college from 1964 to 1968, he obtained four student draft deferments. In 1966, he was deemed fit for military service based upon a medical examination and in July 1968, a local draft board classified him as eligible to serve. In October 1968, he was given a medical deferment that he attributed to spurs in the heels of both feet, which resulted in a 1-Y classification: "Unqualified for duty except in the case of a national emergency." In the December 1969 draft lottery, Trump's birthday, June 14, received a high number that would have given him a low probability to be called to military service without the 1-Y. In 1972, he was reclassified as 4-F. In 1973 and 1976, The New York Times reported that Trump had graduated first in his class at Wharton. However, a 1984 Times profile of Trump noted.
In 1988, New York magazine reported Trump conceding, "Okay, maybe not'first,' as myth has it, but he had'the highest grades possible.'" Michael Cohen, Trump's former attorney, testified to the House Oversight Committee in February 2019 that Trump "directed me to threaten his high school, his colleges and the College Board to never release his grades or SAT scores." Days after Trump stated in 2011, "I heard [Barack O
University of Nevada, Las Vegas
The University of Nevada, Las Vegas is a public research university in the Las Vegas suburb of Paradise, Nevada. The 332-acre campus is about 1.6 mi east of the Las Vegas Strip. The university includes the Shadow Lane Campus, just east of the University Medical Center of Southern Nevada, which houses the School of Dental Medicine— the only dental school in Nevada. In addition, UNLV's law school, the William S. Boyd School of Law, is the only law school in the state. UNLV is a land-grant university and classified as "R1: Doctoral Universities - Very high research activity" by the Carnegie Classification of Institutions of Higher Education framework; the William F. Harrah College of Hotel Administration is annually ranked among the top hospitality programs in the United States due to the university's proximity to the Las Vegas Strip, its Thomas & Mack Center hosted the 2007 NBA All-Star Game and lectures by Bill Clinton and Mikhail Gorbachev as part of various UNLV-affiliated lecture series. The first college classes, which became the classes of UNLV, were offered as the southern regional extension division of the University of Nevada, Reno, in 1959 in a classroom at Las Vegas High School.
In 1955, State Senator Mahlon Brown "sponsored the legislation to provide $200,000 to construct the campus's first building" - Frazier Hall. Groundbreaking on the original 60-acre site was in April 1956, the university purchased a 640-acre site in North Las Vegas for future expansion. UNLV was founded by the Nevada Board of Regents as the Southern Division of the University of Nevada on September 10, 1957; the first classes were held on the current campus in the post and beam Mid Century Modern Maude Frazier Hall designed by the local architectural firm, Zick & Sharp. Twenty-nine students graduated in the first commencement ceremonies in 1964. In 1965, the Nevada Legislature named the school Nevada Southern University, the Board of Regents hired the campus's first president, Donald C. Moyer. who died in 2008 at the age of 88. In 1968, Nevada Southern was given equal status with its parent institution in Reno, the present name was approved by the regents in January 1969, during a winter session and without input by representatives from the University of Nevada, Reno.
During this time, Nevada Southern University adopted the southern "Rebel" athletics moniker and a mascot dressed in a southern Confederate uniform named Beauregard. The popular reasoning behind such a controversial moniker and mascot is that they did it to oppose the northern Union traditions and symbols of their northern rival, the University of Nevada. Soon, protests from NSU/UNLV students forced a slight change to their Confederate mascot, but the "Rebels" moniker remains to this day. Since its founding, the university has grown expanding both its academic programs and campus facilities. In 1969, the board of regents approved the new name of University of Nevada at Las Vegas and the abbreviation UNLV. In 1973, Jerry Tarkanian was hired as the men's basketball coach by UNLV's second president, Roman Zorn; the Center for Business and Economic Research was established in 1975 for research projects that assist in the development of the Nevada economy and assist state and local agencies and private-sector enterprises in the collection and analysis of economic and market data.
In 1981, Claes Oldenburg's Flashlight sculpture was installed on the plaza between Artemus Ham Hall and Judy Bayley Theatre. The Lied Institute for Real Estate Studies was established in 1989. In 2001, The School of Dental Medicine opened to train students; the Lied Library on campus opened. In 2003, the Institute for Security Studies was established to address homeland security concerns; the Lynn Bennett Childhood Development Center opened. In 2004, UNLV opened its first regional campus near the University Medical Center; the School of Dental Medicine is located on the Shadow Lane Campus. The School of Public Health was established in the Division of Health Sciences to address new and emerging public-health issues. In 2005, construction began on the $113 million science and engineering building, which has 200,000 square feet of teaching space and high-tech conference rooms; the building, completed in 2008, was designed to support interdisciplinary research. UNLV launched its first comprehensive campaign, Invent the Future, with the goal of raising $500 million by December 2008.
The Air Force ROTC program was established on campus. In 2006, The Nevada System of Higher Education Board of Regents raised the minimum GPA to 3.0 for admittance to UNLV. UNLV opened its first international campus in Singapore, where the William F. Harrah College of Hotel Administration offered its bachelor's-degree program in hospitality management. UNLV planned to end its partnership with the Singapore Institute of Technology by 2015, due to economic issues such as rising tuition in Las Vegas and the falling value of the U. S. dollar in Singapore. In 2007, an expanded student union and a new student recreation center opened in the fall. Both these facilities reflected UNLV's goal of becoming more student-centered; the Greenspun College of Urban Affairs broke ground for the $94 million Greenspun Hall, which showcased the latest environmental and technological advancements and served as an anchor for "Midtown UNLV."In 2011, UNLV's business college was formally renamed after a $15 million don