SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Andromeda (constellation)

Andromeda is one of the 48 constellations listed by the 2nd-century Greco-Roman astronomer Ptolemy and remains one of the 88 modern constellations. Located north of the celestial equator, it is named for Andromeda, daughter of Cassiopeia, in the Greek myth, chained to a rock to be eaten by the sea monster Cetus. Andromeda is most prominent during autumn evenings in the Northern Hemisphere, along with several other constellations named for characters in the Perseus myth; because of its northern declination, Andromeda is visible only north of 40° south latitude. It is one of the largest constellations, with an area of 722 square degrees; this is over 1,400 times the size of the full moon, 55% of the size of the largest constellation and over 10 times the size of the smallest constellation, Crux. Its brightest star, Alpha Andromedae, is a binary star, counted as a part of Pegasus, while Gamma Andromedae is a colorful binary and a popular target for amateur astronomers. Only marginally dimmer than Alpha, Beta Andromedae is a red giant, its color visible to the naked eye.

The constellation's most obvious deep-sky object is the naked-eye Andromeda Galaxy, the closest spiral galaxy to the Milky Way and one of the brightest Messier objects. Several fainter galaxies, including M31's companions M110 and M32, as well as the more distant NGC 891, lie within Andromeda; the Blue Snowball Nebula, a planetary nebula, is visible in a telescope as a blue circular object. In Chinese astronomy, the stars that make up Andromeda were members of four different constellations that had astrological and mythological significance. Andromeda is the location of the radiant for the Andromedids, a weak meteor shower that occurs in November; the uranography of Andromeda has its roots most in the Greek tradition, though a female figure in Andromeda's location had appeared earlier in Babylonian astronomy. The stars that make up Pisces and the middle portion of modern Andromeda formed a constellation representing a fertility goddess, sometimes named as Anunitum or the Lady of the Heavens.

Andromeda is known as "the Chained Lady" or "the Chained Woman" in English. It was known as Mulier Catenata in al-Mar ` at al Musalsalah in Arabic, it has been called Persea or Cepheis, all names that refer to Andromeda's role in the Greco-Roman myth of Perseus, in which Cassiopeia, the queen of Ethiopia, bragged that her daughter was more beautiful than the Nereids, sea nymphs blessed with incredible beauty. Offended at her remark, the nymphs petitioned Poseidon to punish Cassiopeia for her insolence, which he did by commanding the sea monster Cetus to attack Ethiopia. Andromeda's panicked father, was told by the Oracle of Ammon that the only way to save his kingdom was to sacrifice his daughter to Cetus, she was chained to a rock by the sea but was saved by the hero Perseus, who in one version of the story used the head of Medusa to turn the monster into stone. Perseus and Andromeda married. After Andromeda's death Athena placed her in the sky as a constellation. Several of the neighboring constellations represent characters in the Perseus myth.

It is connected with the constellation Pegasus. Andromeda was one of the original 48 constellations formulated by Ptolemy in his 2nd-century Almagest, in which it was defined as a specific pattern of stars, she is depicted with α Andromedae as her head, ο and λ Andromedae as her chains, δ, π, μ, Β, γ Andromedae representing her body and legs. However, there is no universal depiction of Andromeda and the stars used to represent her body and chains. Arab astronomers were aware of Ptolemy's constellations, but they included a second constellation representing a fish at Andromeda's feet. Several stars from Andromeda and most of the stars in Lacerta were combined in 1787 by German astronomer Johann Bode to form Frederici Honores, it was designed to honor King Frederick II of Prussia, but fell into disuse. Since the time of Ptolemy, Andromeda has remained a constellation and is recognized by the International Astronomical Union, although like all modern constellations, it is now defined as a specific region of the sky that includes both Ptolemy's pattern and the surrounding stars.

In 1922, the IAU defined its recommended three-letter abbreviation, "And". The official boundaries of Andromeda were defined in 1930 by Eugène Delporte as a polygon of 36 segments, its right ascension is between 22h 57.5m and 2h 39.3m and its declination is between 53.19° and 21.68° in the equatorial coordinate system. In traditional Chinese astronomy, nine stars from Andromeda, along with seven stars from Pisces, formed an elliptical constellation called "Legs"; this constellation either represented the foot of a wild boar. Gamma Andromedae and its neighbors were called "Teen Ta Tseang Keun", representing honor in astrology and a great general in mythology. Alpha Andromedae and Gamma Pegasi together made "Wall", representing the eastern wall of the imperial palace and/or the emperor's personal library. For the Chinese, the northern swath of Andromeda formed a stable for changing horses and the fa

Penobsquis

Penobsquis is a Canadian village in New Brunswick. Animaland Park, a collection of concrete sculptures of animals, once a roadside attraction, is located near Penobsquis. In 2018, the land where the park sits was opened as a campground; the statues remain as a feature of the new campground. Penobsquis is the site of a large potash deposit, mined by the New Brunswick division of the Potash Corporation of Saskatchewan; the company announced expansion plans in 2007 which will see a second mine open within several years. The community hosts several natural gas wells known as the McCully Field; the wells are being developed by Corridor Resources Inc. some in partnership with PotashCorp. Penobsquis is the proposed site of an Eco-Industrial Business Park to be known as Fundy Green Park. More than 50 homes in the Penobsquis area lost their well water over a number of years. Many blame this problem on the water, flowing in the Potash Mine as the mine has had water inflow at rates up to 1,800 gallons per minute.

The loss of water is alleged to be the fault of 3-D and 2-D seismic testing done by PCS and Corridor Resources, although the cause has never been conclusively shown. More than a dozen households have complained to the New Brunswick Mining Commissioner for damage from the loss of water and mining subsidence. Drinking water was delivered to homes affected by dry wells by PCS, non-potable water by the province of New Brunswick. Many residents allege that the provincially delivered water is a cause of rashes and other health problems. Other residents blame the rashes and lung problems on the natural gas flares. Neither of these allegations have been proven. A new water system was put in by the province with federal gas tax funds, residents are now forced to pay for water. In October 2018, a press release by PotashCorp New Brunswick announced the closure of the Penobsquis potash mine at the end of November 2018. Winston Bronnum List of communities in New Brunswick Official website Potash Corporation of Saskatchewan, N.

B. Division on the Profile Canada Business Directory] The Water is Still Not Clean

Hogenskild Bielke

Hogenskild Bielke, was a Swedish baron, court official and riksråd. He was one of the more prominent leaders of the Swedish nobility in their power struggle against royal authority during the 16th-century, he was the son of riksråd Nils Pedersson of Åkerö and Anna Hogenskild of Hedensö. In 1569 married Anna Sture, daughter of Svante Stensson Sture and Martha Leijonhufvud and thus niece of queen Margaret Leijonhufvud, he was raised at court, his mother being a lady-in-waiting, became the playmate of prince Magnus, Duke of Östergötland and courtier of king Gustav I of Sweden in 1556. He was made member of the royal council by Eric XIV of Sweden and served as a military commander in the Northern Seven Years' War. In the autumn of 1573, a plot was prepared to assassinate John III; the plot was led by Charles de Mornay, in contact with Christina of Denmark and the French ambassador in Copenhagen Charles Dancay. John III was to be killed during a swords dance performed by Scottish mercenaries at the party, to be given in October that year before the Scottish mercenaries departure to the Baltic, the king's brother Duke Charles was to be placed upon the throne.

The plot did not materialize as de Mornay lost his nerve and never gave the sign to the mercenaries to take action. In September 1574, the plot was revealed and Charles de Mornay was arrested and executed, it was never made clear who participated in the plot, but it was noted that the suspected conspirators Hogenskild Bielke, Gustaf Banér and Pontus De la Gardie gathered at meetings in the apartment of Princess Elizabeth of Sweden with Princess Cecilia of Sweden, Charles de Mornay claimed that one of the things which were agreed upon by the conspirators was to raise the dowry of Elizabeth from 100,000 to 150,000, so to make it possible for her to make a marriage of higher status, which would refer to the suggested marriage between Elizabeth and Henry III of France, in which the French ambassador had expressed himself impressed by everything regarding Elizabeth with the exception of her dowry. The two royal sisters and their brother Charles were somewhat compromised, though neither they, Banér or De la Gardie was accused of their suspected involvement.

When the king and queen visited their son Sigismund III Wasa in Reval in 1589, he and Axel Bielke was appointed to serve as regent during their absence. He was described as clever and skillful and worked to increase the power of nobility against the crown, he sided with Sigimund III against Duke Charles. His son Svante fled to Denmark after the War against Sigismund to avoid execution. Hogenskild was tried during the Linköping Bloodbath in 1600, but was imprisoned rather than executed. In 1605, however, he was found to have been involved in a correspondence judged as treasonable alongside his daughter Ebba Bielke, he was executed for treason in Stockholm. Bielke, Hogenskild Nilsson i Herman Hofberg, Svenskt biografiskt handlexikon