click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Andronikos Kallistos

Andronikos Kallistos was a teacher of Greek literature in Bologna, Florence and London. He was one of the most able Greek scholars of the 15th century and cousin of the distinguished scholar Theodorus Gaza, he was born in Thessaloniki on 1400. He studied in Constantinople. After the fall of Constantinople in 1453, Kallistos went to Italy where he joined Basilios Bessarion, he taught in Bologna, Florence and London. He began the systematic teaching of Greek literature in France, he communicated the principles of Aristotelian thought to many of his students, whose learning won them distinction in Europe. He possessed a large collection of Greek manuscripts, he traveled extensively in northern Europe and ca. 1476 in London, England he would die. Born in Thessalonica he worked as a professor in Rome, Bologna and Paris. Among his works is a defence of Theodore of Gaza's positions against the criticisms of Michael Apostolius. G. Cammelli,'Andronico Callisto', La Rinascita, 5, 104-21, 174-214 Jonathan Harris, Greek Émigrés in the West, 1400-1520.

ISBN 1-871328-11-X John Monfasani, ‘A philosophical text of Andronicus Callistus misattributed to Nicholas Secundinus’, Renaissance Studies in Honour of Craig Hugh Smyth, pp. 395-406, reprinted in John Monfasani, Byzantine Scholars in Renaissance Italy: Cardinal Bessarion and other Emigres, no. XIII J. E. Powell, ‘Two letters of Andronicus Callistus to Demetrius Chalcondyles’, Byzantinisch-Neugriechische Jahrbücher 15, 14-20 List of Great Macedonians Byzantine scholars in Renaissance List of Macedonians Greek scholars in the Renaissance

Tucson Botanical Gardens

The Tucson Botanical Gardens is a 5.5 acre collection of sixteen residentially scaled urban gardens in Tucson, United States. Paths connect these gardens, which include a Zen Garden, a Prehistoric Garden, a Barrio Garden, a Butterfly Garden, a Xeriscape Garden, a Children’s Garden; the Cox Butterfly & Orchid Pavilion is home to orchids and jungle vegetation, along with a display of live tropical butterflies from five continents from October to April. The Cactus and Succulent Garden contains hundreds of cacti and arid plants arranged to imitate the arid Sonoran desert, is embellished with exotic stones and minerals collected by the Gardens’ founder, Harrison Yocum; the Native Crops Garden illustrates the prehistoric agricultural practices in Central and Southern Arizona. The Tohono O’odham Path winds among edible and utilitarian plants of the Sonoran Desert; the Tucson Botanical Gardens were founded in 1964, by horticulturist and collector Harrison G. Yocum; the gardens were located at his home on North Jefferson Street, contained an extensive collection of cacti and palms open to the public.

Memberships became available in 1968, the group became chartered as a non-profit corporation the next year. After the organization grew to over 100 charter members, it moved to the Randolph Park, where it used available greenhouse display space. After growing further, the group was looking for a larger location to move the gardens to. Mrs. Bernice Porter, the owner of the grounds of the former Desert Gardens Nursery garden, was looking for a way to preserve her house and gardens from demolition. In 1974, the grounds became the new headquarters of the Tucson Botanical Gardens after the Tucson City Council passed Resolution 9384, which stated that the property could be used for the development of a botanical garden; the house has undergone extensive remodeling to allow it to be more suitable for the library and the administrative offices of the Tucson Botanical Gardens. Many rooms however, including the Porter Hall, retain the original look of the Porter family house

A Guy Named Joe

A Guy Named Joe is a 1943 Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer film, directed by Victor Fleming. The film was produced by Everett Riskin, starred Spencer Tracy, Irene Dunne, Van Johnson; the screenplay, written by Dalton Trumbo and Frederick Hazlitt Brennan, was adapted from a story by Chandler Sprague and David Boehm, for which they were nominated for an Academy Award for Best Writing, Original Story. The film is notable for being Van Johnson's first major role, it features the popular song "I'll Get By" by Fred Ahlert and Roy Turk, performed in the film by Irene Dunne. Steven Spielberg's 1989 film Always is a remake of A Guy Named Joe, stars Richard Dreyfuss, Holly Hunter and John Goodman. Always updates the story for a 1989 setting, exchanging the World War II backdrop to one of aerial firefighting. Pete Sandidge is the reckless pilot of a North American B-25 Mitchell bomber flying out of England during World War II, he is in love with Women Airforce Service Pilot Dorinda Durston, a civilian pilot ferrying aircraft across the Atlantic.

Pete's commanding officer, "Nails" Kilpatrick, first transfers Pete and his crew to a base in Scotland offers him a transfer back to the United States to be a flight instructor. Dorinda begs him to accept. Wounded after an attack by an enemy fighter, Pete has his crew bail out before going on to bomb the carrier and crashing into the sea. Pete finds himself walking in clouds, where he first recognizes an old friend, Dick Rumney. Pete becomes uneasy, remembering that Dick went down with his aircraft in a fiery crash. Pete tells Dick, "Either I'm dead or I'm crazy." Dick answers, "You're not crazy." Dick ushers Pete to a meeting with "The General". He is to be sent back to Earth, where a year has elapsed, to pass on his experience and knowledge to Ted Randall at flight school in the South Pacific, where Ted is a Lockheed P-38 Lightning fighter pilot. Ted's commanding officer turns out to be Al Yackey; the situation becomes complicated. Al encourages Dorinda to give the young pilot a chance; the pair fall in love.

When Dorinda finds out from Al that Ted has been given an dangerous assignment to destroy the largest Japanese ammunition dump in the Pacific, she steals his aircraft. Pete guides her in returning to the base to Ted's embrace. Pete accepts what must be and walks away, his job done. Spencer Tracy as Pete Sandidge Irene Dunne as Dorinda Durston Van Johnson as Ted Randall Ward Bond as Al Yackey James Gleason as "Nails" Kilpatrick Lionel Barrymore as The General Barry Nelson as Dick Rumney Esther Williams as Ellen Bright, a USO hostess Henry O'Neill as Colonel Sykes Don DeFore as James J. Rourke Charles Smith as Sanderson Addison Richards as Major Corbett Kirk Alyn as Officer in Heaven Irving Bacon as Cpl. Henderson A Guy Named Joe introduced Van Johnson in his first major role; when the filming was completed in 1943, Johnson was in a serious automobile accident. The crash lacerated his forehead and damaged his skull so doctors inserted a plate in his head. MGM wanted to replace Johnson, but Tracy convinced the studio to suspend filming until Johnson could return to work, which he did after four months of recovery.

He went on to become a major star. Because the movie was filmed before and after the accident, Johnson can be seen without and with the forehead scars he bore from on. One of the other reasons Johnson was allowed to stay was because a deal was made that Tracy and director Victor Fleming had to stop making Dunne's life miserable on set. Although she had been excited to work with Tracy, the actor took an instant dislike to her and endlessly teased her, sometimes driving her to tears; the deal was made, Dunne and Tracy took the extra time caused by Johnson's recovery to re-shoot some of the scenes where their hostility was noticeable. Budget restrictions precluded location shooting, all the flying scenes were staged at the MGM Studios. For an air of authenticity, footage shot at various United States Army Air Forces bases throughout the United States was incorporated via an exterior backdrop process. Authentic aircraft were used, although they remained on the ground; the pivotal scene with Irene Dunne flying a Lockheed P-38 Lightning was recreated at Drew Field, utilizing a surplus P-38E, acquired from the USAAF, where it had been used as an instructional aircraft.

Electric motors allowed for an authentic run-up sequence. The miniature work was the product of the same MGM special effects team of A. Arnold Gillespie, Donald Jahrus and Warren Newcombe that would be responsible for Thirty Seconds Over Tokyo. During the scene where Tracy's character dies, he was shown making a suicidal divebomb run on a German aircraft carrier, despite the fact that Germany never had an operational aircraft carrier in service before or during World War II. Lockheed P-38E Lightning fighter North American B-25 Mitchell bomber Vultee BT-13 Valiant trainer North American P-51A Mustangs as Luftwaffe fighters Martin B-26 Marauders as Japanese bombers North American AT-6 Texan trainers at Luke Field C-36 or C-40 in some scenes, C-47 and C-60 in others A Guy Named Joe premiered at the Capitol Theater in New York on 23 D

Waterloo Sunset: The Very Best of The Kinks & Ray Davies

Waterloo Sunset: The Very Best of The Kinks & Ray Davies is a compilation album containing recordings by The Kinks and Ray Davies, released 13 August 2012. CD 1 Waterloo Sunset You Really Got Me Tired of Waiting for You Sunny Afternoon All Day and All of the Night Till the End of the Day Autumn Almanac Days Lola Set Me Free See My Friends Death of a Clown Apeman Dead End Street This Time Tomorrow Strangers You Don't Know My Name Wonderboy Plastic Man Supersonic Rocket Ship Better Things Don't Forget to Dance David Watts CD 2 Dedicated Follower of Fashion Come Dancing Where Have All the Good Times Gone Victoria Big Black Smoke Yours Truly, Confused N10 Working Man's Cafe London Song Fortis Green Postcard from London Muswell Hillbilly Denmark Street Berkeley Mews Holloway Jail Lavender Hill Willesden Green Life On the Road End of the Season Next Door Neighbour Did Ya Most Exclusive Residence for Sale Waterloo Sunset Financial Times reviewer Ludovic Hunter-Tilney gave the collection three stars, noting that it is one of more than 30 Kinks greatest-hit collections that have been released during the band's long history.

The review found the first CD to be similar to others, but the second CD "more distinctive" in its assortment of Kinks and Davies recordings about London. Neil McCormick of The Daily Telegraph criticized the collection for lacking or providing lower quality versions of some of the greatest Kinks hits, such as "Victoria", "I Go to Sleep", "Stop Your Sobbing", but overall he found the release to be "an extraordinary album none the less", praising the second disc's collection of London songs and awarding an overall rating of four stars out of five

Dove Campaign for Real Beauty

The Dove Campaign for Real Beauty is a worldwide marketing campaign launched by Unilever in 2004 that includes advertisements, workshops, sleepover events and the publication of a book and the production of a play. The aim of the campaign is to celebrate the natural physical variation embodied by all women and inspire them to have the confidence to be comfortable with themselves. Dove's partners in the effort include such marketing and communications agencies as Ogilvy & Mather, Edelman Public Relations, Harbinger Communications along with other specialized consultants. Part of the overall project was the "Evolution" campaign. In 2004, Dove and Ogilvy & Mather organized a photography exhibit titled "Beyond Compare: Women Photographers on Real Beauty." The show featured work from 67 female photographers and was the beginning of the conversation on beauty that would lead to the Real Beauty campaign. The Dove Real Beauty campaign was conceived in 2004 during a 3-year creative strategic research effort, conducted in partnership with three universities in four cities around the world, led by Joah Santos.

The creative was conceived by London. The research created a new consumer-centric vs product-centric advertising strategy, which Joah Santos named P. O. V. - Purpose | Objective | Vision. The new strategy led to all top 5 Campaigns of the Century, as rated by Advertising Age and increased sales from $2B to $4B in 3 years; the strategy discarded the brand essence ladder used by Unilever and called for a POV strategy "To make women feel comfortable in the skin they are in, to create a world where beauty is a source of confidence and not anxiety." All campaigns for Dove Real Beauty need to follow the POV set forth, each with their own insight. The initial campaign insight/tension was an indication that only 2% of women consider themselves beautiful, it was created by London. The first stage of the campaign centered on a series of billboard advertisements put up in Germany and United Kingdom, worldwide; the spots showcased photographs of regular women, taken by noted portrait photographer Rankin. The ads invited passers-by to vote on whether a particular model was, for example, "Fat or Fab" or "Wrinkled or Wonderful", with the results of the votes dynamically updated and displayed on the billboard itself.

Accompanying the billboard advertisements was the publication of the "Dove Report", a corporate study which Unilever intended to " a new definition of beauty will free women from self-doubt and encourage them to embrace their real beauty."The series received significant media coverage from talk shows, women's magazines, mainstream news broadcasts and publications, generating media exposure which Unilever has estimated to be worth more than 30 times the paid-for media space. Following this success, the campaign expanded into other media, with a series of television spots and print advertisements, culminating in the 2006 Little Girls global campaign, which featured regional versions of the same advertisement in both print and screen, for which Unilever purchased a 30-second spot in the commercial break during Super Bowl XL at an estimated cost of US$2.5M. In 2006, Ogilvy & Mather were seeking to extend the campaign further, by creating one or more viral videos to host on the Campaign for Real Beauty website.

The first of these, was an interview-style piece intended to show how mothers and daughters related to issues surrounding the modern perception of beauty and the beauty industry. The film, touches upon the self-esteem issues found in many young girls today. Dove's Self-Esteem Fund supports their campaign by using statistics that demonstrate how young women and girls are more apt to have distorted views of beauty, it was during the production of Daughters that a series of short films entitled "Beauty Crackdown" was pitched to Unilever as an "activation idea." The concept was one that art director Tim Piper, who proposed to create Evolution with the budget left over from Daughters, pushed. It was intended to get people to the Campaign for Real Beauty website to see Daughters, to participate in the workshops featured on the site. After Evolution, Ogilvy produced Amy. In April 2013, a video titled Dove Real Beauty Sketches was released as part of the campaign, created by Hugo Veiga, it went viral attracting strong reactions from media.

In the video, several women describe themselves to a forensic sketch artist who cannot see his subjects. The same women are described by strangers whom they met the previous day; the sketches are compared, with the stranger's image invariably being both more flattering and more accurate. The differences create strong reactions. In October 2013, Free Being Me, a collaboration between Dove and the World Association of Girl Guides and Girl Scouts was launched, with the aim of increasing "self-esteem and body confidence" in girls. In 2017, Dove and Ogilvy London created limited-edition versions of body wash bottles meant to look like different body shapes and sizes. Dove sent them to 15 different countries. Individual ads caused different reactions, some positive and some negative. Evolution won two Cannes Lions Grand Prix awards. Writing for The Daily Telegraph, Katy Young called Real Beauty Sketches " most thought provoking film yet... Moving, eye opening and in some ways saddening, this is one campaign that will make you think, feel more beautiful."The campaign has been criticized on the grounds that Unileve

Ikwezi Local Municipality

Ikwezi Local Municipality was an administrative area in the Sarah Baartman District Municipality of the Eastern Cape in South Africa. Ikwezi is an isiXhosa name that means "morning star". After municipal elections on 3 August 2016 it was merged into the larger Dr Beyers Naudé Local Municipality; the 2001 census divided the municipality into the following main places: The municipal council consists of seven members elected by mixed-member proportional representation. Four councillors are elected by first-past-the-post voting in four wards, while the remaining three are chosen from party lists so that the total number of party representatives is proportional to the number of votes received. In the election of 18 May 2011 the African National Congress won a majority of five seats on the council; the following table shows the results of the election. Official website