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Andy Bathgate

Andrew James "Andy" Bathgate was a Canadian professional ice hockey right wing who played 17 seasons in the National Hockey League for the New York Rangers, Toronto Maple Leafs, Detroit Red Wings and Pittsburgh Penguins. In 2017 Bathgate was named one of the "100 Greatest NHL Players" in history. Andy Bathgate was a popular star player of the New York Rangers and held the honour of being declared the Most Valuable Player of both the NHL and Western Hockey League, he started his professional career with the Cleveland Barons of the American Hockey League in the 1952–53 season. He bounced between the WHL Vancouver Canucks and the Rangers for two seasons before settling with the Rangers in 1954–55, he played 10 full seasons with the Rangers, where he became a popular player in New York as well as a top-tiered player in the NHL. In 1961–62, Bathgate and Bobby Hull led the league in points, but Bathgate lost the Art Ross Trophy to Bobby Hull because Hull had more goals. Bathgate's career was frustrated by the mediocre play of a nagging knee problem.

He was traded to the Toronto Maple Leafs during the 1963–64 season, where he helped Toronto to a Stanley Cup championship, was dealt to the Detroit Red Wings, where he helped the team reach the Stanley Cup Finals in 1965–66. Bathgate was chosen by the Pittsburgh Penguins in the 1967 NHL Expansion Draft, scoring the first goal in the team's history; however after one season, he returned to the Canucks where he would help lead the team to two consecutive Lester Patrick Cup victories, in 1969 and 1970. His best professional year was with them, where he scored 108 points in 1969–70; that performance gave him the George Leader Cup, the top player award in the WHL. Bathgate's final NHL year was with the Penguins in 1971, he came out of retirement three seasons to play for the Vancouver Blazers of the World Hockey Association, which he had coached the previous season, but retired for good after 11 games. Bathgate won the Hart Memorial Trophy for the MVP of the NHL in 1958–59 after scoring 40 goals, no easy feat in that era.

He is famous for contributing to one of the greatest innovations in NHL history. Renowned for the strength of his slap shot, during a game against the Montreal Canadiens, Bathgate shot the puck into the face of Jacques Plante, forcing Plante to receive stitches; when Plante returned to the ice, he was wearing a mask. That started a trend. In December 1959, Bathgate produced a controversial article for True magazine in which he warned that hockey's "unchecked brutality is going to kill somebody"; the article, titled "Atrocities on Ice", was ghostwritten by Dave Anderson, a sports journalist with the now defunct New York Journal-American, it appeared in True magazine's January 1960 edition. Bathgate focused on the tactic of spearing, where a player stabs at an opponent with the blade or point of his stick. In a section titled "Andy Bathgate's rogues gallery", six players were highlighted as the most brutal, with their photographs captioned with a short description by Bathgate; these were Detroit's Gordie Howe.

Responding to the article, Toe Blake, the Montreal Canadiens' head coach, admitted that Montreal players used spearing, but claimed it was purely a defensive tactic "necessary to defend against an illegal play pattern used by the Rangers." Blake said: "They like to skate into our zone against the defence and drop the puck for a teammate following right behind. They skate into our defenceman, blocking him out of the play illegally through interference. Our players have sometimes had to spear to fend off the interfering player and keep in play." Doug Harvey admitted spearing, saying: "Sure, we will spear on occasion. We've got to when they run interference," and that he used it "only for defensive purposes."Bathgate wrote of the offenders: "None of them seems to care that he'll be branded as a hockey killer." In response the NHL fined him for "comments prejudicial to the league and the game." Speaking in 2010, Bathgate said: "We had an episode. So I wrote an article with Dave Anderson of The New York Times called'Atrocities on Ice.'

Red Sullivan, I saw him have his spleen punctured. It was getting out of hand. I got fined for it. I got fined $1,000—and I was only making $18,000 at the time—so you take that, plus the $1,000 we had to pay into our pension, that's a lot of money out of your pocket, they changed the rule at the end of the year but they still didn't give me my $1,000 back. It burns my at times. Sometimes, you've got to speak up for the betterment of hockey because someone was going to get hurt." Bathgate owned and managed a 20-acre golf course while his Brother Frank owned a driving range just down the road both on Hwy 10 in Mississauga, Ontario. During the winters he helped coach his grandson's hockey team, he stated that he was unlikely to play in any more old-timer's games, citing recent hip surgery. "Those old fellas get too serious. They'll start hooking you." The


A lensmeter or lensometer known as a focimeter or vertometer, is an ophthalmic instrument. It is used by optometrists and opticians to verify the correct prescription in a pair of eyeglasses, to properly orient and mark uncut lenses, to confirm the correct mounting of lenses in spectacle frames. Lensmeters can verify the power of contact lenses, if a special lens support is used; the parameters appraised by a lensmeter are the values specified by an ophthalmologist or optometrist on the patient's prescription: sphere, axis, in some cases, prism. The lensmeter is used to check the accuracy of progressive lenses, is capable of marking the lens center and various other measurements critical to proper performance of the lens, it may be used prior to an eye examination to obtain the last prescription the patient was given, in order to expedite the subsequent examination. In 1848, Antoine Claudet produced the photographometer, an instrument designed to measure the intensity of photogenic rays. In 1876, Hermann Snellen introduced a phakometer, a similar set up to an optical bench which could measure the power and find the optical centre of a convex lens.

Troppman went a step further in 1912. In 1922, a patent was filed for the first projection lensmeter, which has a similar system to the standard lensmeter pictured above, but projects the measuring target onto a screen eliminating the need for correction of the observer's refractive error in the instrument itself and reducing the requirement to peer down a small telescope into the instrument. Despite these advantages the above design is still predominant in the optical world. Lens clock Optical power Diopter Focometer Prism dioptre Corrective lens components Abbe refractometer Lensometry basics The lensmeter

SSV Markranst├Ądt

SSV Markranstädt is a German association football club from the city of Markranstädt, Saxony near Leipzig. It is part of a larger sports club that has departments for badminton, cycle ball, table tennis, volleyball. Established following World War II as Sportgemeinde Markranstädt, the club took up play in the top-flight regional Landesliga Sachsen/Leipzig in the Soviet occupied eastern part of the country and earned a first-place finish in the 1947–48 season. Renamed SG Glück-Auf Markranstädt, the team slipped to consecutive seventh-place finishes in its next two campaigns; the club disappeared into lower-tier play in East Germany and, like most other clubs there, underwent a succession of name changes over the years: BSG Stahl Markranstädt. Following German reunification in 1990 Turbine adopted its current identity as Spiel- und Sportverein Markranstädt; the merger of the football competitions of the two Germanys saw SSV placed in the Landesliga Sachsen where they would stay until relegated in 1993.

The team re-bounded to return to fifth-tier play in 1995, but was again sent down and did not return to the Landesliga until 1999. Following their 2007 divisional championship, Markranstädt was promoted to the NOFV-Oberliga Süd, where they earned mid-table results in the next two seasons; the club's licence was purchased by energy drink maker Red Bull in 2009 and the team resumed play in the now fifth tier Oberliga in 2009–2010 as RB Leipzig, the fourth football team in the company's sports advertising portfolio. The ownership's goal was to advance to the country's first division Bundesliga within a decade. SSV Markranstädt continued to operate as an affiliated club, won the Landesliga Sachsen in 2012; the club has been playing in the Oberliga as a top of the table side since, finishing third in 2015 and qualifying for the promotion play-offs to the expanded Regionalliga Nordost against FSV Luckenwalde where the club lost the return leg 4–1 and missed out on promotion. The club's honours: NOFV-Oberliga Süd Runners-up: 2014 Landesliga Sachsen Champions: 2007, 2012 Bezirksliga Leipzig Champions: 1995, 1999 Landesliga Sachsen/Leipzig Champions: 1948 As of 6 November 2013Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules.

Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. SSV Markranstädt plays its home fixtures in the Stadion am Bad, which has a capacity of 5,500 including 500 seats added in 2001; the stadium hosted several matches of the 2003 UEFA Women's Under-19 Championship. Rudi Glöckner worked as a referee in East Germany's top flight DDR-Oberliga from 1959–1977 and officiated in the final of the 1970 World Cup in Mexico. Official team site Das deutsche Fußball-Archiv historical German domestic league tables

Roy Young (musician)

Roy Frederick Young was a British rock and roll singer and keyboard player. He first recorded in the late 1950s before performing in Hamburg with the Beatles. After a stint with Cliff Bennett and the Rebel Rousers, he released several albums with his own band as well as recording with Chuck Berry and David Bowie, among others. Young was moved with his family to Oxford at the age of five, he learned to play boogie-woogie piano at home and in snooker clubs, left school at age 14, joined the Merchant Navy. While in Australia, he saw the film Blackboard Jungle, after returning to England, began a career as a professional singer and musician. In 1958 he auditioned for Jack Good's TV show Oh Boy!, singing and playing piano in the style of Little Richard, performed on other British TV pop music shows including Drumbeat, where he was backed by the John Barry Seven, Boy Meets Girls. Billed as Roy "Rock'em" Young, he recorded his first single, "Just Keep It Up" / "Big Fat Mama" in 1959 for Fontana Records.

He released several more singles on the Fontana and Ember labels over the next two years, but they were not commercial successes. Young performed at the 2i's Coffee Bar in Soho, toured the UK and Ireland with Cliff Richard and the Shadows, among others. In 1961, he began working at the Top Ten Club in Hamburg, where he played with Tony Sheridan and the Beat Brothers, who included Ringo Starr, recorded with Sheridan, he won a contract to play at the rival Star-Club, where he met the Beatles, began performing with them in spring 1962. According to Young, Brian Epstein offered him a place in the group once they had returned to England and signed a record contract, but Young turned down the offer because he had a contract with the Star-Club. Young returned to England in 1964 and joined Cliff Bennett and the Rebel Rousers – managed by Epstein – as their keyboard player and second vocalist duetting with Bennett on covers of Sam and Dave songs, including "I Take What I Want" and "Hold On, I'm Comin'".

The group toured with the Beatles in 1966, Young featured on their hit version of the Beatles' "Got To Get You Into My Life", produced by Paul McCartney. He continued with the Rebel Rousers until they split up in 1969, formed the Roy Young Band, who released two albums, The Roy Young Band and Mr. Funky; the band backed Chuck Berry on tour. In 1971, under his own name, Young recorded the song "Baby, You're Good For Me," written by Andrew Lloyd Webber and Tim Rice, for the Albert Finney film, Gumshoe. In 1976, Young recorded with David Bowie for the album Low, released the following year, he continued to perform with the Roy Young Band in Canada and the US, worked with, managed, Long John Baldry in the 1970s. He toured the US in the 1980s with Ian Hunter and Mick Ronson, performed at Star-Club reunion concerts with Tony Sheridan, Howie Casey, Johnny Gustafson and Jimi MagnoleHe released an album, Still Young, in 2006, featuring songs written by Dennis Morgan. Young died at the age of 83 in Oxford on 27 April 2018.

1961: My Bonnie, LP by Tony Sheridan with The Beat Brothers. Young plays prominently throughout this album except on the two Beatle tracks. 1963: Twist At The Star Club Hamburg a live album of "The Star Combo", Young sings and plays on three songs. He plays on Tony Sheridan's two tracks, "Skinny Minny" and "What'd I Say"; the Star Combo consisted of Tony Sheridan, Roy Young, Colin "Melander" Crawley, Ricky Barnes and Johnny Watson. There are songs by four other groups on this LP. 1964: Ain't She Sweet, LP with the Beatles, “Sweet Georgia Brown” recorded 1962 1966: Meet The Beat 1971: The Roy Young Band, includes Howie Casey. 1972: Mr. Funky 1996: Tony Sheridan & The Beat Brothers Live And Dangerous. Recordings of "Good Golly Miss Molly" and others. On some of these 1995 live recordings the lead vocal was by Roy Young 1996 & 2001: Sheridan In Control "with The Beat Brothers- Roy Young, Howie Casey" – 1995 recordings of "Johnny B. Goode", "Money", "My Bonnie", "Skinny Minnie" 2006: Still Young Roy Young at


Ajijic is a town about 3 miles from the town of Chapala, part of the municipality called Chapala, in the State of Jalisco, Mexico. Situated on the north shore of Lake Chapala, surrounded by mountains, Ajijic enjoys a moderate climate year-round; the population of Ajijic was 10,509 as of the 2010 census. Ajijic is located 5,046 feet above sea level in the vast central Mexican plateau, home to the Sierra Madre mountain range; the Chapala Lake basin has a year-round average temperature of about 19 °C. Due to Ajijic's tropical latitude, the sun is warm year-round; the rainy season lasts until October. The average rainfall is 793 millimetres. During the rainy season, precipitation occurs during the evening or at night. December and January are the coolest months with nighttime lows just above 40 °F. May is the hottest, just before the onset of the rainy season. Overall, there is little temperature variation year round: daytime highs in January are around 75 °F. Up until the arrival of the Spanish, the region was occupied by nomadic Indian tribes the Coca people that settled the northern shore.

There seem to be many explanations, meanings for the names Chapala and Ajijic, all of which are Indian place names derived from Nahuatl, the native language of the area. Ajijic in old Nahuatl means “place of water” or “place where water bubbles up”. Don Andres Carlos and Fray Martin founded Ajijic in 1531, it is one of the oldest villages in Western Mexico. By 1833 it is said to have had a population of no more than 2,000. Ajijic has attracted foreign writers since the 1890s. Englishmen Nigel Millet and Peter Lilley settled in Ajijic before World War II and under the pen name of Dane Chandos wrote Village in the Sun, about building a house on the edge of the lake in nearby San Antonio Tlayacapan. Using the same pen name, Peter Lilley teamed up with Anthony Stansfeld to write House in the Sun, which concerns the operation of a small inn in Ajijic; these books were written when the main road from Chapala was unpaved, described “as two not always parallel ruts..traversed by ditches”, ice was delivered by bus from Guadalajara, electricity was just being installed.

In 1952 one observer noted that Ajijic had “three cars and four trucks”. The Ajijic population of about 11,000 excludes the hundreds of visitors from Guadalajara who spend weekends and vacations there. Many retired Canadians now live in Ajijic. Though there are no official figures, locals estimate that the number of expats living in Ajijic proper is about 2,000 full-time and another 1,000 during the winter months; because Ajijic is the central attraction of the roughly estimated 10,000 to 15,000 expats who live around Lake Chapala and countless thousands of visitors from Guadalajara, Ajijic has numerous art galleries, fashion and consignment shops, craft fairs, real estate and travel agents as well as a wide variety of restaurants and bed and breakfast inns. “The compact town of Ajijic has narrow streets with rough cobblestones. Strolling through the town, there are hints of past hippy glory, such as a Volkswagen Beetle festooned with stuck-on flowers, or a distant sound system playing Creedence or the Stones.

Many of the walls of the town are decorated with colorful murals in a range of styles, from figurative to whimsical to abstract... The streets are lined with colorful houses and small boutiques and galleries.” The Ajijic Malecon along the lakefront built after the flood of 2006 provides a place to exercise, bike ride, stroll or walk dogs along the edge of Lake Chapala. Expats say they are satisfied living in Ajijic because of the climate, attractive natural and cultural environment, cost-of-living friendly Mexican community, scores of interesting activities, quality health care, wide range of reasonably priced restaurants, easy access to a major city and international airport. A few do complain about the potholed and rough cobblestone streets, garbage awaiting pick-up, lack of affordable housing, stray dogs and their poop and locals who don’t speak English; the influx of large numbers of expats is a mixed blessing for the local population. The money brought in by expat residents and visitors has benefited the local Mexican community in terms of local businesses and employment ranging from domestic, retail, personal services and construction workers to professional services like lawyers, dentists, etc.

Property values have increased which benefits Mexican property owners, but makes it difficult for young Mexican families to find affordable housing. On the other hand, the Mexican community benefits from the over 30 charities supported by ex-pat volunteers and donations, about a dozen of these focused on educating low income Mexican students from kindergarten through university; every Wednesday the Ajijic Tianguis attracts expats alike. Several dozen vendors sell a wide range of products: fruits and vegetables, chicken, prepared foods, jewelry, electronics and crafts, as well as used goods. In addition, there are organic farmer's markets which tend to attract expats. Ajijic is a festive village with many holidays, special events and parades about onc

Farm assurance

Farm assurance is product certification for agricultural products that emphasises the principles of quality assurance. The emphasis on quality assurance means that, in addition to product inspection, farm assurance schemes may include standards and certification for traceability, production methods and supplies. All farm assurance schemes claim to ensure high standards of animal welfare, although there is great variation in the requirements that relate to how animals should be kept and cared for. In the United Kingdom and Australia, the major farm assurance programmes are based on a quality management system for food safety that originated with the US space agency NASA, known as Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points. In these and other countries, assurance is underpinned by principles and standards for good manufacturing practice, good agricultural practice, good hygienic practice and good trade practice. Examples of farm assurance schemes include: organic certification The Non-GMO Project, a US organization whose Product Verification Program certifies products that follow best practices to avoid GMO contamination Red Tractor mark, a UK quality assurance programme for animal products and crops Freedom Food, animal welfare assurance from the RSPCA Grainsafe, Indiana-based programme IKB, Netherlands programme the Australian dairy industry's range of HAACP-based programmesIn 2004, 65% of United Kingdom farm production was farm assured, by 2006, £6 billion worth of food was packed annually under the United Kingdom's Red Tractor farm assurance mark, including over 90% of the country's pig and dairy production.

Some farm assurance schemes are given legal force, either by use of trademarks or by oversight by government regulators of agriculture and food standards. While associated with food production, farm assurance can be applied to other agricultural products, such as textiles, flowers and biofuels. In order to obtain farm product certification, assurance may be required for farm supplies. For example, the UK's Red Tractor scheme is supported by assurance programmes for fodder and fertiliser. Other used agricultural quality standards are based on product inspection, do not rely on other aspects of quality assurance. One example of such a programme is the United States Quality Standards for grading and verification: the USDA beef grades depend on physical attributes of the meat, plus the age of the animal. Certified Naturally Grown Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points Quality Assurance International Soil Association Sugarwise Luning, P. A.. Safety in the agri-food chain. Wageningen, The Netherlands: Wageningen Academic Publishers.

ISBN 90-76998-77-9. OCLC 60375200. UK Farm Assurance Factsheet from the Institute of Grocery Distribution Farm assurance statistics from the United Kingdom government Food certification and assurance schemes – Food Standards Agency Freedom Food – UK scheme from RSPCA Red Tractor Assured Food Standards – umbrella programme for several major UK schemes Inspection & Grading – What Are The Differences? – Fact sheet from the United States federal Food Safety and Inspection Service G I Johnson. Quality Assurance in Agricultural Produce. Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research. ISBN 0-642-44939-2. "HACCP at the Farm Level – The Missing Link in Food Safety & Security". 2004. Archived from the original on 24 April 2006. Retrieved 22 July 2008. Schiefer, Gerhard. "ANALYSIS OF THE INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION LEVEL IN DIFFERENT QUALITY MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS IN THE AGRI-FOOD SECTOR". University of Bonn, Germany. P. 619. Archived from the original on 8 September 2005. Retrieved 22 July 2008