Harry Clifton "Curley" Byrd was an American university administrator, athlete, coach and politician. Byrd began a long association with the University of Maryland as an undergraduate in 1905, rose to the position of university president from 1936 to 1954. In the interim, he had served as the university's athletic director and head coach for the football and baseball teams. Byrd amassed a 119–82–15 record in football from 1911 to 1934 and 88–73–4 record in baseball from 1913 to 1923. In graduate school at Georgetown University, he became one of football's early users of the newly legalized forward pass, he had a brief baseball career including one season as pitcher for the San Francisco Seals. Byrd resigned as university president in order to enter politics in 1954, he ran an unsuccessful campaign as the Democratic candidate for Maryland Governor against Theodore McKeldin. Byrd received appointments to state offices with responsibilities in the Potomac River and Chesapeake Bay. In the 1960s, he made unsuccessful bids for seats in each chamber of the United States Congress.
Byrd was a proponent of a "separate but equal" status of racial segregation in his roles as both university administrator and political candidate. In 2015, the Student Government Association agreed to a resolution in support of changing the name of Byrd Stadium because Byrd was, in their words, "a racist and a segregationist" who "barred blacks from participating in sports and enrolling into the University until 1951". On September 28, 2015, University of Maryland President Wallace Loh appointed a task force to develop viewpoints and options; the University President made a recommendation to the University System of Maryland Board of Regents — the governing body of Maryland state universities — to change the name to "Maryland Stadium". The ultimate decision on any name change rests with the Board of Regents. On December 11, 2015, the Board of Regents voted 12-5 to remove the "Byrd" from the stadium's name, renaming it Maryland Stadium for the time being. Harry Clifton Byrd was born on February 1889, in Crisfield, Maryland.
He was one of six children of oysterman and county commissioner William Franklin Byrd and his wife Sallie May Byrd. In his youth, Byrd worked in the Chesapeake Bay fishing industry, where he saved most of his money to finance his college education, he attended Crisfield High School, where he excelled on the baseball diamond, was known as his hometown's first recreational jogger. A source described how he appeared in 1905 He was tall, as the saying goes, built like a whip, he had a startlingly handsome face, with big, flashing eyes, a splotch of florid red on each cheek, a mane of black curly hair... He looked like Rupert of Hentzau, had all of that worthy's cold, sinister resolution about everything that he did. In 1905, Byrd graduated from Crisfield High School and enrolled at the Maryland Agricultural College, now known as the University of Maryland. Byrd was a star college athlete and participated in varsity football and track, he served as the football team captain in 1907, as the pitcher on the baseball team, set a school record 10.0-second 100-yard dash in track.
Before leaving Crisfield, Byrd's father warned him not to "try to play that thing called football." He ignored the advice and reported for football practice where head coach Fred K. Nielsen told the undersized Byrd to "play with the kids" and that "football's a man's game." He was allowed, however. After sitting out the first three games, Nielsen sent Byrd in as a substitute against Navy, his play was impressive enough to earn a position on the first team. After the elder Byrd read of his son's newfound stardom in the newspaper, he wrote, "Since you're going to play football, I'm glad to see you're doing it well." During the summers and on weekends, Byrd supplemented his income by continuing work as a fisherman. He graduated second in his class with a Bachelor of Science degree in civil engineering in 1908. After graduation from Maryland, Byrd spent the next three years doing graduate work in law and journalism at George Washington University, Georgetown University, Western Maryland College. In a time before eligibility limitations, he played football at George Washington and Georgetown and ran track at Western Maryland.
At Georgetown in 1909, he was called the first quarterback in the East to master the forward pass, several years before Gus Dorais of Notre Dame did so in 1913. According to The Georgetown Hoyas: A Story of A Rambunctious Football Team, Dorais's "end-over-end'discus' throw was an exact copy" of Byrd's passing technique, the Irish "got the headlines because they had a press agent and Georgetown didn't."Byrd played for Maryland-based semi-professional baseball teams while pursuing his graduate studies. In 1910, the Chicago White Sox signed Byrd, but he was soon traded to the San Francisco Seals, a semi-professional Pacific Coast League baseball team with whom he pitched in 1912, he returned to Maryland that year, in 1913, married Katherine Dunlop Turnbull. Before they divorced twenty years the couple had three sons and a daughter: Harry, Sterling and Evelyn. In 1911, injuries claimed enough Maryland Agricultural football players that the team could no longer field a practice squad to scrimmage against.
The college turned to Byrd, serving as coach at Western High School in Georgetown, he was willing to help his alma mater with scrimmages. Byrd replaced head coach Charley Donnelly, who resigned mid-season after accumulating a 2–4–2 record. Byrd led the Aggies to wins in both of their final games of the season, a
1959 Pan American Games
The 3rd Pan American Games were held in Chicago, United States between August 28 and September 7, 1959. One city submitted a bid to host the 1959 Pan American Games, recognized by the Pan American Sports Organization, along with three cities that withdrew their bids. On March 11, 1955, at the IV Pan American Congress in Mexico City, PASO selected Cleveland unanimously to host the III Pan American Games. On April 15, 1957, Cleveland asked PASO to be relieved of their assignment as the host city. Subsequently, both Guatemala City and Rio de Janeiro informed PASO that they would not be able to host the games either. Two cities came forward as candidates host the games, Chicago and São Paulo, on August 3, 1957, Chicago was selected over São Paulo by a vote of 13 to 6. Once Chicago took over the game following Cleveland's withdrawal, there were 18 months left to organize the games; the games were held on-schedule nonetheless. The games were the first Pan American Games; the previous two editions were held in March.
The games opened on August 27, 1959, in sunny 90 °F heat before 40,000 people in Chicago, United States at Soldier Field. To sort this table by nation, total medal count, or any other column, click on the icon next to the column title. Note ^ The medal counts for the United States, Argentina and Canada are disputed. Athletics at Soldier Field Baseball at Wrigley Field and Comiskey Park Basketball at Alumni Gymnasium and Oak Park High School Boxing at Northwest Armoury Cycling at Gately Stadium temporary venue Diving at Portage Park Football at Hanson Stadium and Soldier Field Gymnastics at Navy Pier Modern pentathlon at Waukegan Shooting Range, Great Lakes Naval Training Center, Independence Grove, Portage Park Rowing in the Cal-Sag Channel Sailing in Lake Michigan Swimming at Portage Park Tennis at Lincoln Park Tennis Club Volleyball at Proviso High School Water polo Weightlifting Wrestling at Reavis High School
Value City Arena
Value City Arena is a multi-purpose arena, located on the campus of The Ohio State University, in Columbus, United States. The arena opened in 1998 and is the largest by seating capacity in the Big Ten Conference, with 19,049 seats, reduced to 18,809 for Ohio State men's basketball games, it is home to women's basketball and men's ice hockey teams. The basketball teams played at St. John Arena, while the ice hockey team played at the OSU Ice Arena; the facility is named the Jerome Schottenstein Center in honor of Jerome Schottenstein, of Columbus, late founder of Schottenstein Stores Corp. and lead benefactor of the project, while the seating bowl is named for Schottenstein's store Value City Furniture. Prior to July 1, 2010, one of Value City Arena's major event competitors was the downtown Nationwide Arena, which opened in 2000 and is home to the NHL's Columbus Blue Jackets. In May 2010, the Blue Jackets and OSU signed a one-year, annually renewable, agreement to turn over day-to-day operations and non-athletic event booking of Nationwide Arena to OSU, effective July 1, 2010.
This agreement made the facilities sister venues. As part of the March 2012 sale of Nationwide Arena to the Franklin County Convention Facilities Authority, the non-profit company Columbus Arena Management was created; the company, created by OSU, the Blue Jackets, the FCCFA and Columbus-based Nationwide Insurance manages the day-to-day operations as well as budgeting and event bookings at both arenas. The student section at men's basketball games is known as the Buckeye Nuthouse. From the time when the venue opened to the end of the 2009-2010 season, the students were seated behind the baskets. In response to the criticism for lacking the energy and gameday atmosphere seen in many other college basketball arenas, the athletic department reconfigured the student section in 2010 so that the students would be seated behind the team benches allowing them to be visible on television broadcasts, as well as behind the basket that the opponent shoots at during the second half. In making this reconfiguration possible, 240 seats are tarped off behind the student section so that spectators seated behind the students could see the game without having to stand up, reducing its capacity to 18,809 during men's basketball games.
To compensate for the revenue lost from the tarped-off seats, the student allotment was reduced from 2,000 to 1,400 tickets. A 2016 ranking of toughest Big Ten Arenas to play in by ESPN put the venue #10 in the conference, citing its name as a contributing factor for not being tough. In 2014, a ranking of B10 conference arenas by the Chicago Tribune placed it at #11, Scout.com put it at #99 overall out of 351 venues nationwide, behind Ohio University's Convocation Center, ranked #53, the University of Dayton Arena, ranked at #28. Bleacher Report has called the arena too "generic" for the most expensive tickets in the conference, The Gazette has opined it is "sterile", "cold", "devoid of charm", lacks intimacy. Jeopardy! College Championship - November 2002 NCAA Men's Ice Hockey Championship - 2005 The Circus Starring Britney Spears - April 30, 2009 The music video for Carrie Underwood's 2010 hit "Undo It" was filmed at the arena. In 2015, Bruce Springsteen released a live recording of his 2005 performance at the arena titled Schottenstein Center, Ohio 2005 On October 18, 2016, the Cleveland Cavaliers hosted a preseason game vs. the Washington Wizards at the arena.
On April 28-29, 2018, the Professional Bull Riders' Unleash the Beast Series visited Value City Arena for its first Columbus event since 2012. Prior to 2012, the PBR's premier series events in Columbus had been held at Nationwide Arena. On August 11, 2018 The Smashing Pumpkins performed their Shiny and Oh So Bright Tour. Value City Covelli Arena Nationwide Arena St. John Arena List of NCAA Division I basketball arenas Value City Arena at Jerome Schottenstein Center
Thad Michael Matta is an American college basketball coach. From 2004 to 2017, Matta led the Ohio State Buckeyes to five Big Ten Conference regular season championships, four Big Ten Tournament titles, two Final Four appearances, the 2008 NIT Championship, he is the winningest coach in Ohio State history. A basketball standout for the Cornjerkers at Hoopeston-East Lynn High School in Hoopeston, Matta was a two-year starter for the Butler University Bulldogs in three seasons after transferring from Southern Illinois University as a sophomore, he led Butler in assists and three-point field goal percentage in 1987–88 and in free-throw percentage in 1988–89. He served as a team captain on Barry Collier's first team in 1989–90 and finished his career in sixth place on Butler's all-time list for free-throw percentage, he earned a B. S. degree from Butler in 1990. Matta enjoyed his Butler career-high point total of 21 points against Xavier University at the Cincinnati Gardens on March 2, 1989. In total, Matta spent six seasons as a full-time assistant coach at three different universities, helping his squads compile a composite 128–58 record and make six postseason tournament appearances.
He was on the bench in five consecutive conference tournament championship games and won four league tournament championship rings. He was in the NCAA tournament five times as an assistant under four different head coaches and in the postseason National Invitation Tournament once. Matta began his coaching career at Indiana State University as a graduate assistant under head coach Tates Locke in 1990–91. Matta served as an academic coordinator and administrative assistant at Butler before moving into the full-time coaching ranks. Matta took his first full-time assistant coaching position under Herb Sendek at Miami University in 1994–95 and helped Miami to a 23–7 record, a Mid-American Conference regular-season championship and a first-round win in the NCAA tournament; the following year, Matta accepted a coaching position at Western Carolina University under Phil Hopkins and helped the Catamounts to a 17–13 record, the school's first winning record in 10 years. Western Carolina captured the Southern Conference tournament championship and advanced to the NCAA tournament.
Matta returned to Miami under new head coach Charlie Coles in 1996–97 and helped the RedHawks to a 21–9 record, the MAC regular season and tournament championships and a berth in the NCAA tournament. Matta rejoined Butler University's staff in 1997 and helped the Bulldogs to three consecutive 20-win seasons, he established himself as one of the nation's best young coaching prospects during a six-year assistant coaching stint. In his three seasons as Barry Collier's top assistant, Butler compiled a 67–29 record, won two Midwestern Collegiate Conference tournament championships and one MCC regular-season title, made two NCAA tournament appearances and earned one NIT berth, he served as Butler's primary recruiter. Matta took over as head coach of Butler when Barry Collier left after the 1999–2000 season to coach at the University of Nebraska. Matta was named 2000–01 Midwestern Collegiate Conference Coach of the Year in his first and only season as head coach at Butler, after leading the Bulldogs to a school record 24 wins.
He was named National "Rookie Coach of the Year" by CBS SportsLine.com and College Insider.com. Butler was 24–8 under Matta's direction that year with an 11–3 record and an MCC regular season championship, a MCC tournament championship and an appearance in the second round of the NCAA tournament. Butler won 13 of its last 15 games. Eventual NCAA runner-up Arizona ended the Butler run in the second round of the NCAA tournament. At Xavier, Matta led the Musketeers to three consecutive 26-win seasons, back-to-back Atlantic 10 Conference regular-season championships in 2002 and 2003 and two league tournament titles in 2002 and 2004. Xavier advanced to three NCAA tournaments, including an Elite Eight appearance in 2004 following two second-round trips. Matta's 26 wins for the 2002–03 season marked the highest win total for a second-year Xavier head coach, he broke the school record for most victories by a Xavier rookie head coach. Xavier's 26–6 record in the 2001–02 campaign set the record. Matta was named 2002 Atlantic 10 Conference Coach of the Year, while leading the Musketeers to the top regular season finish in the league at 14–2 and an Atlantic 10 Conference Tournament championship.
In addition, Matta became the only first-year coach in conference history to win both the A–10 regular season and tourney championships. Matta, a finalist for the 2002–03 Naismith National Coach of the Year Award, was hired as the 13th head coach in Ohio State history on July 7, 2004 after the school had fired previous coach Jim O'Brien. No time was wasted preparing for his first season in Columbus, which culminated in a 65–64 victory over undefeated and top–ranked University of Illinois in the regular-season finale at Value City Arena before a packed house and a national television audience; the Buckeyes' final record for the 2004–05 campaign was 20–12, but were ineligible from postseason play. In the 2005–06 season Matta led the Buckeyes to an outright Big Ten Championship for the first time since 1992, finishing one game ahead of Iowa and Illinois; the Buckeyes' season came to an end during the second round of the NCAA tournament when they lost to Georgetown on March 19, 2006. Their final overall record was 26–6.
The Buckeyes were thought to be a year away from competing for the league crown, as they were to add a regarded recruiting class, dubbed the "Thad Five", led by center Greg Oden of Lawrence North High School in Indianapolis for the 2006–
James Patrick Tressel is an American college football coach and university administrator, the president of Youngstown State University in Youngstown, Ohio. Before becoming an administrator, Tressel was the head coach of the Youngstown State Penguins and the Ohio State Buckeyes in a career that spanned from 1986 until 2010. Tressel's teams earned several national championships during the course of his career, earning him numerous accolades. Tressel was born in Mentor and attended Baldwin–Wallace College, where he played football as quarterback under his father, Lee Tressel. Tressel succeeded Bill Narduzzi as Youngstown State's fourth head football coach in 1986 and would remain there until 2000. In 2001, he was named John Cooper's successor as the head coach of Ohio State. During his tenure as Ohio State's 22nd head football coach, Tressel's teams competed in three BCS National Championship Games, his 2002 squad won a national title, achieving the first 14–0 season record in major college football since 1897 Penn Quakers.
Tressel's tenure would, come to an abrupt end with his resignation in May 2011 amidst an NCAA investigation into improper benefits violations involving OSU football players during the 2010 season. The investigation resulted in OSU self-vacating victories from the 2010 season including the 2011 Sugar Bowl. Tressel finished his career at Ohio State with an official overall record of 94–22, including six Big Ten Conference championships, a 5–4 bowl record, a 4–3 mark in BCS bowl games, an 8–1 record against the arch-rival Michigan Wolverines. Tressel's eight wins against the University of Michigan place him second in school history to Woody Hayes, who had 16, he is tied with Urban Meyer as the only Ohio State head coaches to win seven consecutive games against the Wolverines. Tressel's success as a head coach led to him being inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame in 2015. From September 2011 until February 2012, Tressel was a consultant for the Indianapolis Colts of the National Football League.
From 2012 to 2014 Tressel served as Vice President of Strategic Engagement for the University of Akron, before being named as Youngstown State University President on May 9, 2014. Tressel was born on December 1952 in Mentor, Ohio, a suburb of Cleveland, his father, Lee Tressel, was the coach at Mentor's high school. After a 34-game winning streak at Mentor, Lee was hired as head football coach for Baldwin–Wallace College in Berea, Ohio. Baldwin–Wallace won the 1978 NCAA Division III National Championship under Tressel's father. Tressel attended many of his father's games and practices, developed a friendship with neighbor Lou Groza. Tressel's mother Eloise Tressel worked as the athletic historian at Baldwin–Wallace while his father was the head coach. After graduating from Berea High School in 1971, Tressel played quarterback under his father at Baldwin–Wallace; as quarterback, he earned four varsity letters and won all-conference honors as a senior in 1974. Tressel joined the Alpha Tau Omega fraternity while attending Baldwin–Wallace.
In 1975, Tressel graduated from Baldwin–Wallace with a bachelor's degree in education. Tressel and his wife Ellen, a Youngstown State graduate, are involved with the Fellowship of Christian Athletes, Athletes in Action, the OSU Thompson Libraries and The Ohio State University Medical Center the James Cancer Center. Tressel has three children from a prior marriage: Zak and Whitney, he lives in the Youngstown, Ohio area. Tressel sold his former home in Upper Arlington, Ohio to Robert "Bobby" Layman, a Columbus-area Chevrolet dealer. After graduating from Baldwin Wallace, Tressel became a graduate assistant at the University of Akron, he coached the quarterbacks and running backs, while earning a master's degree in education. In 1978, he left to become quarterbacks and receivers coach at Miami University in Ohio. By 1981, he had left to become the quarterbacks coach at Syracuse. In 1983, he was hired at Ohio State to be the receivers coach; that year, OSU had a 9–3 record, including a 28–23 victory over Pittsburgh in the Fiesta Bowl.
In 1984, he was given the added responsibility of coaching the running backs. That year, the team became Big Ten champs, played in the Rose Bowl, tailback Keith Byars finished second in the Heisman Trophy voting. In 1985, OSU defeated BYU in the Citrus Bowl. At the end of the 1985 season, Jim Tressel left Ohio State to become head coach at Youngstown State University. In Tressel's first season as coach, Youngstown State finished with a 2–9 record. In his second season, Youngstown State finished the season with an 8–4 record and won the Ohio Valley Conference championship. From 1991–1994, Youngstown State would play in the Division I-AA National Championship game four times. In 1991, Tressel won his first national championship. Youngstown State won two more national championships in the following three years: against Marshall in 1993 and Boise State in 1994. 1997 brought Tressel his fourth national championship with a 10–9 victory against McNeese State. He earned his 100th win against Indiana State.
1999 marked Tressel's ninth visit to the Division I-AA playoffs, but the team lost to a Paul Johnson coached Georgia Southern in the title game. 2000 presented Tressel with more success, leading Youngstown State to a 9–3
University of Pennsylvania
The University of Pennsylvania is a private Ivy League research university located in the University City neighborhood of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. It is one of the nine colonial colleges founded prior to the Declaration of Independence and the first institution of higher learning in the United States to refer to itself as a university. Benjamin Franklin, Penn's founder and first president, advocated an educational program that trained leaders in commerce and public service, similar to a modern liberal arts curriculum; the university's coat of arms features a dolphin on its red chief, adopted from Benjamin Franklin's own coat of arms. University of Pennsylvania is home many professional and graduate schools including, the first school of medicine in North America, the first collegiate business school and the first "student union" building and organization were founded at Penn; the university has four undergraduate schools which provide a combined 99 undergraduate majors in the humanities, natural sciences and engineering, as well twelve graduate and professional schools.
It provides the option to pursue specialized dual degree programs. Undergraduate admissions is competitive, with an acceptance rate of 7.44% for the class of 2023, the school is ranked as the 8th best university in the United States by the U. S. News & World Report. In athletics, the Quakers field varsity teams in 33 sports as a member of the NCAA Division I Ivy League conference and hold a total of 210 Ivy League championships as of 2017. In 2018, the university had an endowment of $13.8 billion, the seventh largest endowment of all colleges in the United States, as well as an academic research budget of $966 million. As of 2018, distinguished alumni include 14 heads of 64 billionaire alumni. S. House of Representatives. Other notable alumni include 27 Rhodes Scholars, 15 Marshall Scholarship recipients, 16 Pulitzer Prize winners, 48 Fulbright Scholars. In addition, some 35 Nobel laureates, 169 Guggenheim Fellows, 80 members of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, many Fortune 500 CEOs have been affiliated with the university.
University of Pennsylvania considers itself the fourth-oldest institution of higher education in the United States, though this is contested by Princeton and Columbia Universities. The university considers itself as the first university in the United States with both undergraduate and graduate studies. In 1740, a group of Philadelphians joined together to erect a great preaching hall for the traveling evangelist George Whitefield, who toured the American colonies delivering open air sermons; the building was designed and built by Edmund Woolley and was the largest building in the city at the time, drawing thousands of people the first time it was preached in. It was planned to serve as a charity school as well, but a lack of funds forced plans for the chapel and school to be suspended. According to Franklin's autobiography, it was in 1743 when he first had the idea to establish an academy, "thinking the Rev. Richard Peters a fit person to superintend such an institution". However, Peters declined a casual inquiry from Franklin and nothing further was done for another six years.
In the fall of 1749, now more eager to create a school to educate future generations, Benjamin Franklin circulated a pamphlet titled "Proposals Relating to the Education of Youth in Pensilvania", his vision for what he called a "Public Academy of Philadelphia". Unlike the other Colonial colleges that existed in 1749—Harvard, William & Mary and Princeton—Franklin's new school would not focus on education for the clergy, he advocated an innovative concept of higher education, one which would teach both the ornamental knowledge of the arts and the practical skills necessary for making a living and doing public service. The proposed program of study could have become the nation's first modern liberal arts curriculum, although it was never implemented because William Smith, an Anglican priest who became the first provost and other trustees preferred the traditional curriculum. Franklin assembled a board of trustees from among the leading citizens of Philadelphia, the first such non-sectarian board in America.
At the first meeting of the 24 members of the Board of Trustees, the issue of where to locate the school was a prime concern. Although a lot across Sixth Street from the old Pennsylvania State House, was offered without cost by James Logan, its owner, the Trustees realized that the building erected in 1740, still vacant, would be an better site; the original sponsors of the dormant building still owed considerable construction debts and asked Franklin's group to assume their debts and, their inactive trusts. On February 1, 1750, the new board took over the building and trusts of the old board. On August 13, 1751, the "Academy of Philadelphia", using the great hall at 4th and Arch Streets, took in its first secondary students. A charity school was chartered July 13, 1753 in accordance with the intentions of the original "New Building" donors, although it lasted only a few years. On June 16, 1755, the "College of Philadelphia" was chartered, paving the way for the addition of undergraduate instruction.
All three schools shared the same Board of Trustees and were consider
Syracuse University is a private research university in Syracuse, New York, United States. The institution's roots can be traced to the Genesee Wesleyan Seminary, founded in 1831 by the Methodist Episcopal Church in Lima, New York. After several years of debate over relocating the college to Syracuse, the university was established in 1870, independent of the college. Since 1920, the university has identified itself as nonsectarian, although it maintains a relationship with The United Methodist Church; the campus is in the University Hill neighborhood of Syracuse and southeast of downtown, on one of the larger hills. Its large campus features an eclectic mix of buildings, ranging from nineteenth-century Romanesque Revival structures to contemporary buildings. SU is organized into 13 schools and colleges, with nationally recognized programs in information studies and library science, communications, business administration, inclusive education and wellness, sport management, public administration and the College of Arts and Sciences.
Syracuse University athletic teams, known as the Orange, participate in 20 intercollegiate sports. SU is a member of the Atlantic Coast Conference, or ACC for all NCAA Division I athletics, except for the men's rowing and women's ice hockey teams. SU is a member of the Eastern College Athletic Conference; the Genesee Wesleyan Seminary was founded in 1831 by the Genesee Annual Conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church in Lima, New York, south of Rochester. In 1850, it was resolved to enlarge the institution from a seminary into a college, or to connect a college with the seminary, becoming Genesee College. However, the location was soon thought by many to be insufficiently central, its difficulties were compounded by the next set of technological changes: the railroad that displaced the Erie Canal as the region's economic engine bypassed Lima completely. The trustees of the struggling college decided to seek a locale whose economic and transportation advantages could provide a better base of support.
The college began looking for a new home at the same time Syracuse, ninety miles to the east, was engaged in a search to bring a university to the city, having failed to convince Ezra Cornell and Andrew Dickson White to locate Cornell University there rather than in Ithaca. Syracuse resident White pressed that the new university should locate on the hill in Syracuse due to the city's attractive transportation hub, which would ease the recruitment of faculty and other persons of note. However, as a young carpenter working in Syracuse, Cornell had been twice robbed of his wages, thereafter considered Syracuse a Sodom and Gomorrah insisting the university be in Ithaca on his large farm on East Hill, overlooking the town and Cayuga Lake. Meanwhile, there were several years of dispute between the Methodist ministers and contending cities across the state, over proposals to move Genesee College to Syracuse. At the time, the ministers wanted a share of the funds from the Morrill Land Grant Act for Genesee College.
They agreed to a quid pro quo donation of $25,000 from Senator Cornell in exchange for their support for his bill. Cornell insisted the bargain be written into the bill and Cornell became New York State's Land Grant University in 1865. In 1869, Genesee College obtained New York State approval to move to Syracuse, but Lima got a court injunction to block the move, Genesee stayed in Lima until it was dissolved in 1875. By that time, the court injunction had been made moot by the founding of a new university on March 24, 1870. On that date the State of New York granted the new Syracuse University its own charter, independent of Genesee College; the City of Syracuse had offered $100,000 to establish the school. Bishop Jesse Truesdell Peck had donated $25,000 to the proposed school and was elected the first president of the Board of Trustees. Rev. Daniel Steele, a former Genesee College president, served as the first administrative leader of Syracuse until its chancellor was appointed; the university opened in September 1871 in rented space downtown.
George F. Comstock, a member of the new university's board of trustees, had offered the school 50 acres of farmland on a hillside to the southeast of the city center. Comstock intended the hill to develop as an integrated whole; the university was founded as coeducational. President Peck stated at the opening ceremonies, "The conditions of admission shall be equal to all persons... There shall be no invidious discrimination here against woman.... Brains and heart shall have a fair chance... " Syracuse implemented this policy with a high proportion of women students. In the College of Liberal Arts, the ratio between male and female students during the 19th century was even; the College of Fine Arts was predominantly female, a low ratio of women enrolled in the College of Medicine and the College of Law. Men and women were taught together in the same courses, many extra-curricular activities were coeducational as well. Syracuse developed "women-only" organizations and clubs. Coeducation at Syracuse traced its roots to the early days of Genesee College where educators and students like Frances Willard and Belva Lockwood were influenced by the Women's movement in nearby Seneca Falls, NY.
However, the progressive "co-ed" policies practiced at Genesee would soon find controversy at the new university in Syracuse. C