Ambleville is a commune in the Charente department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of southwestern France. The inhabitants of the commune are known as Amblevilloises. Ambleville is a commune in the west of the department of Charente located 7 km south of Segonzac, 18 km southeast of Cognac, 31 km west of Angoulême; the area of the commune of Ambleville is about 500 hectares. The village of Ambleville is 7 km east of Archiac, 10 km north of Barbezieux-Saint-Hilaire and 14 km west of Chateauneuf-sur-Charente; the main route to the commune is the D699 road from Angoulême to Archiac and Jonzac via Châteauneuf. This former national road was part of the road from Limoges in Haute-Vienne to Mirambeau in Charente-Maritime; the D44 road goes northwest towards Cognac via Saint-Fort-sur-le-Né and goes south towards Barbezieux. The nearest railway stations are Chateauneuf-sur-Charente and Jarnac Charente both located 14 km from the town; the Jonzac station is 21 km from the town and has services to Bordeaux Saint-Jean in one direction as well as La Rochelle and Nantes in the other direction.
The population is distributed in twenty hamlets or "villages" - the term used in Saintonge and the South-West of France. The town has a few houses grouped around the church; the two major population centres are: le Château and la Motte both near the village near the road to Chateauneuf. The town hall is located at le Château. La Voûte is the highest point in the commune in the north with other hamlets of Chez Philbert and La Bertillère in the south of the commune, le Guineuf on the Collinaud stream etc; the commune is made up of Campanian chalk limestone, which covers a large part of the South Charente. The valleys are covered by alluvium from the recent Quaternary period; the communal land has a quite hilly relief which rises to reach, at its northern end near the hamlet of la Voûte, a height 95 m. The small Collinaud valley in the south of the commune is located where the town and the main road are; the lowest point is 34 m at the western edge of the commune along the Collinaud. The town is 40 m above sea level.
The town is bounded on the south by the Collinaud stream. It is a sub-tributary of the Charente. Two small intermittent streams descend from both sides of the Castle to join the Collinaud near the village. Further west the Font Moreau rises; as for three-quarters of the department in the south and west, the climate is oceanic Aquitaine. In the absence of old spellings, we can relate Ambleville to the homonymous commune of Ambleville in Val-d'Oise, attested in the Latinized form of Amblenvilla in 1209; the name has a medieval source in -ville, a toponymic suffix meaning "rural area" or "village", from the Gallo-Roman villa meaning "rural area", itself derived from the Latin villa rustica. The first part is, as is the case, a Germanic personal name, it can be Amblinus - a man's name, or alternatively Amelinus. These anthroponyms are well represented in northern France; the radical amal- is found in the names Amélie and Amaury. La Motte is a medieval place name meaning "butte" or "mound of earth", attested in medieval Latin in the form motta in 836, for a term of pre-Latin origin *mutt.
This term meant once a stately home or castle. The commune has been occupied since ancient times as proto-historic ditches have been found: circular at Moulin du Guineuf and oval at a place called le Guineuf - a rounded shape that may be a tumulus, leveled - near the Ambleville church to the east. In the west of the commune fragments of Iron Age vases have been found; the land of Ambleville was most important and old, extending over five parishes. Ramnulphe d'Ambleville lived there in 1239 and Arnaud d'Ambleville was quoted in a judgment of 1311. An Ambleville lord was a herald for Joan of Arc; the lands of Ambleville passed into the Archiac family. The Marquise of Archiac left a daughter, who married Pierre Jourdain and transmitted to him the ownership of Ambleville. In 1548 during the salt tax revolt, François Jourdain was Baron of Ambleville. Wanting to stand up to sedition he only succeeded in rousing the people against him and was forced to flee; the insurgents seized the Ambleville castle, set it on fire, reduced it to ashes.
The Jordan family was succeeded by the Jussac family, the best known of whom was François de Jussac, who became captain of fifty men at arms under the orders of the king Governor of Cognac and lieutenant-general of Angoumois and Saintonge. In 1621 he lent his support to the Duke of Épernon to raise a body of troops to besiege the city of La Rochelle. Towards 1643, the Jussac family sold Ambleville to Henri d'Albret, Squire of Pons and Count of Miossens who, a few years assigned this land to his third son, François Amanieu, better known as the Chevalier d'Albret; the latter never married and was killed in a duel by Mr. Saint-Léger Corbon and Ambleville passed to the house of Pons represented by Charles Amanieu the Marquis d'Albret, his nephew, he shot himself on 5 August 1678 and his widow remarried to Charles, Viscount of Marsan, the youngest son of the Count of Harcourt. She left all her property to her second husband. Several children were born of this union including Jacques-Henri de Lorraine-Lixin who received a share of the land of Ambleville.
He was a General, killed on 2 June 1734 at the Siege of Philippsbourg in Germany. Ambleville was sold to Mr. de M
Alloue is a commune in the Charente department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of southwestern France. Alloue was part of the province of Limousin, its inhabitants speak the Occitan form of the Limousin dialect. The inhabitants of the commune are known as Allousiens or Allousiennes Alloue is a commune located in the north-east of the Charente at the edge of the Charente Limousine and Ruffécois regions, 5 km south of the boundary of the department of Vienne, it belongs to the Community of communes of Confolentais. The commune is 9 km east of Champagne-Mouton, 12 km west of Confolens; the main road that runs through the village and the commune from east to west is the D740, the former national road from Confolens in Niort via Ruffec and via Champagne-Mouton. Angoulême Limoges a similar distance to the south-east. Alloue is 15 km north of Saint-Claud and Roumazières-Loubert. Other minor departmental minor roads run through the commune including the D169 south to Roumazières-Loubert via Ambernac,the D171 towards Benest in the west, the D312 heading north-west, the D169 north to Épenède and Pressac, the D309 to Ansac-sur-Vienne in the south-east, the D313 heading towards Manot in the south-east.
The commune has many small hamlets: Lasfont and les Bréchevaux on the main D740 to Confolens Les Essarts and Les Repaires to the southeast along the D309 Villemier and La Châtre on the D313 Massignac and its castle le Breuil south of the town on the right bank of the Charente Beaumont l'Houmède La Renaudie La Lande to the south on the left bank Le Chevrier Le Grand Molan Le Petit Molan Chez Paire and Rioumort to the west Masmayoux Fontbeau Chez Taury to the northChez Pasquet borders the town to the north as does La Cantine to the south of the town on the left bank of the river. The land is composed of marl limestone dating from the Early Jurassic period in the valley and deposits of Clay from the Tertiary period on the slopes; the old Galena mine at Beaumont was composed of veins on a fault which follows the valley of the Charente to Ambernac until it nearly reaches Asnois and passes through Alloue. The mine consists of tunnels dug into the rock; the relief of the commune is that of a plateau with an average altitude of 180 m, traversed from south to north by the valley of the Charente.
The highest point is at an altitude of 231 m, located in the Bois de Signes on the eastern edge of the commune. The lowest point is 136 m, located along the Charente on the north-western boundary; the village is 145 m above sea level. The Charente flows through the commune from south to north; the part in the commune is downstream of Roumazières and upstream of the Vienne department where the river makes an incursion before returning to Ruffec and Angoulême. The Transon, a tributary on the right side of the Charente joining at Chatain, rises in the south-east of the commune and along its eastern boundary; the Charente has many small tributary streams rising in the commune such as the Ruisseau de la Forêt which flows in the northwest. The Clain, a tributary of the Vienne passing Poitiers, rises in the commune of Hiesse 50 m from the communal boundary at Beau Clain; the watershed line between the basins of the Charente and the Loire crosses the eastern edge of the commune. The commune of Alloue has many ponds and small water reservoirs in the south-west.
The town is in the Occitan area of Marchois in contact with the Limousin dialect and marks the boundary with the Poitevin langue d'oil As for a large part of the west of the department, the climate is an Aquitaine Oceanic climate but it is degraded near the Charente Limousine area where the climate is more humid and cooler. The name of the commune Alloue is said to come from the Gallic word alauda meaning lark; the hamlet of Beaumont comes from the French beau mont which means "beautiful hill". Les Essarts was designated in the Middle Ages to be cleared of forest; the hamlet of Fontbeau may take its name from the Latin fons or fontis meaning "source" and bellus meaning "handsome". It can therefore mean "beautiful spring" but it is more from the Occitan font bou to the French fontaine de boeuf. For the hamlet of Masmayoux the origin is from the Latin major meaning "bigger" and mansus which had become mas by the Middle Ages and which designated an agricultural field, it can therefore lead to the meaning "large farm".
Les Repaires comes from fortified castle. Tools polished axes, a tumulus have been found in Caillauds which attests to the antiquity of occupation of the area; the old silver-lead mine in the commune has been worked since the Gallic era. A Roman road passed by Alloue and its remains are visible at a place called les RepairesAlloue formed part of the province of Poitou as with most towns west of Confolentais and the Occitan language Limousin dialect was spoken under the Ancien Régime. In 783 the name Alloue was mentioned when Roger, Count of Limoges gave land at Alloue for the creation of the Charroux Abbey. On 23 April 1121, Guillaume I, Bishop of Poitiers, donated the Alloue Church to the Abbey of Charroux; this Benedictine priory which had prior rights of low and high justice was plundered in 1356 and restored. In the 16th century the priory had the prior. From a survey in 1547, the Priory of Alloue had twenty houses in the village and about 125 tenements in the parish and neighbouring parishes.
On a 1740 plan they were shown next to the church with farm gardens. The priory closed in 1781, it was sold as national property during the Revolution. There were four fiefs a
Aigre is a commune in the Charente department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of southwestern France. The inhabitants of the commune are known as Aigrinois or AigrinoisesThe commune has been awarded one flower by the National Council of Towns and Villages in Bloom in the Competition of cities and villages in Bloom. Aigre is located in the north-west of the Charente department 40 kilometres north of Angoulême; the town lies within the borders of the former provinces of Angoumois and Poitou. The department of Charente is not served by the French motorway network so access by the A10 autoroute is by National Route N10 at Exit 30 Poitiers-Sud in the north and by the former National Route N739 from Exit 34, Saint-Jean-d'Angely in the west; the commune is traversed by three former national roads: the D739 which connects Tonnay-Charente to Fontafie, the D736 which connects Ruffec to Saint-Fort-sur-le-Né, the D737 which connects Nanteuil to Angouleme. The local railway station is Luxé station on the Paris-Bordeaux line.
It is served by the TER Nouvelle-Aquitaine network and the TGV passes without stopping. The Saint-Angeau to Segonzac line once passed through Aigre; the nearest airport is the Angoulême-Cognac Airport. The main hamlets are Saint-Méxant to the north-west; the commune has only a few isolated farms such as La Combe and Cessac and the subdivision of La Broussette and the Castle of Crève-Cœur in the west. In the south-east there are La Servanterie, the college zone of Reuclos and Aizef at their limits with Marcillac-Lanville are joined to the urban core; the geology of the commune is limestone from the Jurassic period, part of the Aquitaine Basin as with all the northern half of Charente. The commune is on an Upper Jurassic area the Kimmeridgian. A small area of sandy soil dating from the Quaternary period covers the plateau in the south-west of the commune and alluvium cover the Aume Valley on the north-eastern border; the oldest alluvium has accumulated in terraces in the north of the commune. The south of the commune is a plateau.
The Aume Valley is near the north-eastern border near the town. The highest point of the commune is at an altitude of 129m located on the south-eastern boundary; the lowest point is 62m located on the eastern boundary along the Aume at Aizef. The town is 65m above sea level. Aigre is traversed by the river Aume which has its source in Bouin and flows into the Charente river at Ambérac; the Aume passes through the town, built on the right bank. The Aume divides into several branches. There are some fountains such as the Font du Geau at the foot of the Crève-Cœur Castle. Aigre has an oceanic Aquitaine climate but like all the department underwent Cyclone Lothar and Martin in 1999, Cyclone Klaus in 2009, a memorable flood in December 1982. Aigre comes from the Latin Acriacis or villa Acriacii meaning that the village was built around the property of a rich Gallo-Roman named Acrius. At the end of the 13th century Aigre appears in the form Acriacis Agria in the 17th century. There is mention of a church in the 13th century.
Nothing is left of a Castle located at a place called Saint-Mexant, the subject of fortification works in 1472 except the dovecote, the enclosure, the moat in 1906. The chapel built before 1706 has been destroyed. Aigre belonged to the Lordship of Marcillac and was a poor vicarage of the archpriest of Ambérac, it was annexed to Mons from the 15th century. In 1789, a priest for Aigre was provided. Marie de Medici stopped over in Aigre in 1619. In the 16th century a large part of the population became part of the reformation and together with Marcillac formed a Protestant parish of the Synod of Poitou. Protestantism was prohibited in Marcillac in 1665 on 31 March 1667 a decision of the grand Seneschal of Poitou ordered the closure of the Protestant place of worship in Aigre. On 1 January 2019, the former commune of Villejésus was merged into Aigre. List of Successive Mayors of Aigre Taxation is a rate of 16.05% on buildings, 49.81% on undeveloped land, 7.13% for residence tax, business tax of 11.48%.
The Community of communes levies 2.61% on buildings, 6.06% on undeveloped land, 1.09% for residence tax, business tax of 1.45%. Aigre has twinning associations with: Fahrenkrug since 1987. Percentage Distribution of Age Groups in Aigre and Charente Department in 2009 Sources: Evolution and Structure of the population of the Commune in 2009, INSEE. Evolution and Structure of the population of the Department in 2009, INSEE, it is clear that the population is elderly for women. The Wheat mill, called the Moulin du Château dates from the 18th century and was converted in the 19th century to using the driving force of the water for the workshop for making Angelus liqueur, it has become the Gautier distillery which in 1990 employed 32 people at the plant and 20 in sales. Cognac Gautier joined the Berger group in 1975, itself taken over by the Marie Brizard group in 1995; the secondary college of Osme hosts 180-200 students from the 6th to the 3rd divided into eight classes. Aigre has a primary school with four classes.
As the capital of the Canton, Aigre has a rescue centre. The cycling track is located in the town; the club is called ACJAR and they organize several amateur races in the north-west of Charente such as the Criterium of Villejésus and the Tour of Aigre country. In 2010, the club organized, with the French federation of wheelchair sports, the championship of France of for wheelchair cycling in the commune of Saint-Fraigne; the town had been tra
Nouvelle-Aquitaine is the largest administrative region in France, located in the southwest of the country. The region was created by the territorial reform of French Regions in 2014 through the merger of three regions: Aquitaine and Poitou-Charentes, it covers 84,061 km2 – or 1⁄8 of the country – and has 5,800,000 inhabitants.. The new region was established on 1 January 2016, following the regional elections in December 2015, it is the largest region in France by area, with a territory larger than that of Austria. Its largest city, together with its suburbs and satellite cities, forms the 7th-largest metropolitan area of France, with 850,000 inhabitants; the region has 25 major urban areas, among which the most important after Bordeaux are Bayonne, Poitiers, La Rochelle, as well as 11 major clusters. The growth of its population marked on the coast, makes this one of the most attractive areas economically in France. After Île-de-France, New Aquitaine is the premier French region in research and innovation, with five universities and several Grandes Ecoles.
The agricultural region of Europe with the greatest turnover, it is the French region with the most tourism jobs, as it has three of the four historic resorts on the French Atlantic coast:, as well as several ski resorts, is the fifth French region for business creation. Its economy is based on agriculture and viticulture, tourism, a powerful aerospace industry, digital economy and design and pharmaceutical industries, financial sector, industrial ceramics. Many companies specializing in surfing and related sports have located along the coast; the new region includes major parts of Southern France, marked by Basque, Oïl cultures. It is the "indirect successor" to medieval Aquitaine, extends over a large part of the former Duchy of Eleanor of Aquitaine; the region's interim name Aquitaine-Limousin-Poitou-Charentes was a hyphenated placename, known as ALPC, created by hyphenating the merged regions' names – Aquitaine and Poitou-Charentes – in alphabetical order. In June 2016, a working group headed by historian Anne-Marie Cocula, a former vice president of Aquitaine, proposed the name "Nouvelle Aquitaine".
The decision came after the popular favorite, "Aquitaine", faced resistance by regional politicians from Limousin and Poitou-Charentes. The other popular favorite, "Grande Aquitaine," was rejected for its connotation with a feeling of superiority. Alain Rousset, president of the region, concurred with the working group's conclusion, reaffirming that he considered the acronym "ALPC" no choice at all. For those deploring the loss of "Limousin" and "Poitou-Charentes", he noted that the predecessor region of Aquitaine subsumed the identities of the Périgord or the Pays Basque, which did not disappear during its 40 years of operation. On 27 June 2016, just a few days ahead of the 1 July deadline, the Regional council unanimously adopted Nouvelle-Aquitaine as the region's permanent name. France's Conseil d'État approved Nouvelle-Aquitaine as the new name of the region on 28 September 2016, effective two days later. For the recent history of each former administrative regions and departments before 2016, For the history of past entities covering much of the area of the region before the French revolution, At 84,061 square kilometers, the region Nouvelle-Aquitaine is larger than French Guiana, which makes it the largest region in France.
Nouvelle-Aquitaine is delimited by four other French regions, three autonomous communities in Spain to the south, the North Atlantic Ocean to the west. Nouvelle-Aquitaine comprises twelve departments: Charente, Charente-Maritime, Corrèze, Dordogne, Landes, Lot-et-Garonne, Pyrénées-Atlantiques, Deux-Sèvres and Haute-Vienne, its largest city and only metropolis is Bordeaux, in the heart of an urban agglomeration of nearly one million inhabitants. Taking into consideration the urban area, the new region is home to six of the fifty largest metropolitan areas of French territory: Bordeaux Bayonne Limoges Poitiers Pau La Rochelle. In addition, the region has a network of medium towns scattered throughout its territory, including: Angoulême Agen Brive-la-Gaillarde Niort Périgueux Bergerac Villeneuve-sur-Lot Dax Mont-de-Marsan The region covers a large part of the Aquitaine Basin and a small portion of the Paris Basin and the Limousin plate and the western part of the Pyrenees, it is part of five watersheds facing the Atlantic Ocean: Loire, Charente and Dordogne (and their extension, the
Les Adjots is a commune in the Charente department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of southwestern France. The inhabitants of the commune are known as Adjotois or Adjotoises Les Adjots is a commune located in the north of the department of Charente, it borders both neighbouring departments of Vienne. It is located 60 km north of Angoulême. Traversed by the N10 west of the village running from north to south and by the parallel railway line along the eastern border of the commune, Les Adjots was on the road from Paris to Bordeaux as shown on plate 28 in the Atlas of Trudaine; the departmental roads D911 passes through the commune close to the N10 from the north and continues south to Ruffec. The D176 runs from the village south-east to Taize-Aizie and the D305 runs west to La Paiziere; the railway line Paris-Austerlitz to Bordeaux Saint-Jean passes through the eastern boundary of the commune. Ruffec is the nearest station. Northwest of the town of Adjots, Chez Branger is the largest hamlet in the commune.
It is located on the former N10. North of the town there are Chez Chagnaud and Chez Machet and to the south La Cour, Les Robins, Les Loges. In the south-west the hamlet of La Batarderie is separated from the rest of the commune by the N10. Geologically, the commune is located on Jurassic limestone of the Aquitaine Basin as is all of North-Charente; the Bathonian age appears on a small area east of the town, but the plateau is covered by alterite in the form of red flinty clay and locally by Oolite of iron south of the town. The relief of the commune is that of a plateau with an average altitude of 140m; the highest point of the commune is at an altitude of 168m located on the north-western boundary. The lowest point is 120m located on the south-eastern boundary. Due to the nature of the karst soil there are some depressions and sinkholes; the village is 127m above sea level. The town is located in the basin of the Charente but it has no watercourses or lakes; as in three-quarters south and west of the department, the climate is oceanic Aquitaine degraded in the north of the department near the Seuil du Poitou.
The territory is composed of 69% of agricultural land, 27% forests and semi-natural areas, 4% of artificial areas. Attested in the Latinized form De Adjotis meaning "The gorse" in 1280The current spelling is explained by the medieval romanization of the old French word ajou ajonc which dates back to the pre-Latin *ajaugone giving *ajon giving ajou. There jogue more to the south. Aerial photos show an ancient quadrangular building of unknown origin at a place called Le Tertre. Created in 1793, Les Adjots passed from the arrondissement of Angoulême to the arrondissement of Confolens on 1 January 2008. List of Successive Mayors of Les Adjots; the evolution of the number of inhabitants is known through the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of municipalities with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year. Population change Sources: Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 Percentage Distribution of Age Groups in Les Adjots and Charente Department in 2009 Sources: Evolution and Structure of the population of the Commune in 2009, INSEE.
Evolution and Structure of the population of the Department in 2009, INSEE. After losing 45% of its population from 1851 to 1921 Les Adjots stabilized its population between 390 and 530 inhabitants. Les Adjots is an agricultural commune with a few artisans, backhoe services, a painter. In the village there is a grocery store; the school is an inter-communal teaching group between Les Adjots and Taizé-Aizie with each hosting an elementary school. The IME Marc Signac is at La Tour. Other services are found in Ruffec 8.5 km south. The football club is a union between Les Adjots; the communal festival is at the employers festival on the first Sunday after 14 July. The Church, a parish of the former diocese of Poitiers, dates from the 12th and 13th centuries and was restored in the 19th century; the Pavillon Tower dates from the 17th century. Auguste Merle, mayor of Saint-Junien, President of the Chamber of Notaries. Communes of the Charente department Cantons of the Charente department Arrondissements of the Charente department Les Adjots on the old National Geographic Institute website Les Adjots on Lion1906 Les Adjots on Google Maps Les Adjots on Géoportail, National Geographic Institute website Les Adjots on the 1750 Cassini Map Les Adjots on the INSEE website INSEE
Angoulême is a commune, the capital of the Charente department, in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of southwestern France. The inhabitants of the commune are known as Angoumoisines. Located on a plateau overlooking a meander of the Charente River, the city is nicknamed the "balcony of the southwest"; the city proper's population is a little less than 42,000 but it is the centre of an urban area of 110,000 people extending more than fifteen kilometres from east to west. The capital of Angoumois in the Ancien Régime, Angoulême was a fortified town for a long time, was coveted due to its position at the centre of many roads important to communication, so therefore it suffered many sieges. From its tumultuous past, the city, perched on a rocky spur, inherited a large historical and urban heritage which attracts a lot of tourists. Nowadays, Angoulême is at the centre of an agglomeration, one of the most industrialised regions between Loire and Garonne, it is a commercial and administrative city with its own university of technology, a vibrant cultural life.
This life is dominated by the Angoulême International Comics Festival, the FFA Angoulême Francophone Film Festival and the Musiques Métisses Festival that contribute to the international renown of the city. Moreover, Angoulême hosts 40 animation and video game studios that produce half of France's animated production; the city is developing filming for both French television and cinema. Wes Anderson chose Angoulême for his next movie at the end of 2018. Angoulême is called "Ville de l'Image" which means "City of the Image"; the commune has been awarded four flowers by the National Council of Towns and Villages in Bloom in the Competition of cities and villages in Bloom. Angoulême is an Acropolis city located on a hill overlooking a loop of the Charente limited in area upstream by the confluence of the Touvre and downstream by the Anguienne and Eaux Claires. Angoulême is located at the intersection of a major north-south axis: the N10 Paris-Bayonne. Angoulême is connected to Périgueux and Saint-Jean-d'Angely by the D939 and to Libourne by the D674.
By train: the Paris-Bordeaux line, served by TGV, passes through Angoulême and the TER Limoges-Saintes provides connections. By water: although the river Charente is only used for tourism, it was a communication channel for freight, until the 19th century and the port of l'Houmeau was busy; the Angoulême-Cognac International Airport is at Brie-Champniers. Old Angoulême is the old part between the ramparts and the town centre with winding streets and small squares; the city centre is located on the plateau and was portrayed by Honoré de Balzac in "The Lost Illusions" as "the height of grandeur and power". There is a Castle, a town hall, a prefecture, a cathedral with grand houses everywhere. Unlike Old Angoulême, the entire city centre was rebuilt in the 19th century. Surrounding the city were five old faubourgs: l'Houmeau, Saint-Cybard, Saint-Martin, Saint-Ausone, la Bussatte; the district of l'Houmeau was described by Balzac as "based on trade and money" because this district lived on trade and their scows.
The port of l'Houmeau was created in 1280 on the river bank. It marked the beginning of the navigable part from Angoulême to the sea. Saint-Cybard, on the bank of the Charente, was created around the Abbey of Saint-Cybard became an industrial area with papermills Le Nil. Saint-Martin - Saint-Ausone is a district composed of two former parishes outside the ramparts. At La Bussatte the Champ de Mars esplanade is now converted into a shopping mall, adjoins Saint-Gelais. Today the city has fifteen districts: Centre-ville Old Angoulême Saint-Ausone - Saint-Martin Saint-Gelais La Bussatte - Champ de Mars L'Houmeau Saint-Cybard Victor-Hugo, Saint-Roch is notable for its military presence. Basseau is a district, created in the 19th century with the port of Basseau, the explosives factory in 1821, the Laroche-Joubert papermill in 1842 the bridge in 1850. Sillac - La Grande-Garenne was a private housing estate was built up with HLM units. Bel-Air, la Grand Font in the railway station district with housing blocks from the 1950s at Grand Font.
La Madeleine, rebuilt after the bombings of 1944. Ma Campagne is a district, detached from Puymoyen commune in 1945 and built-up as a collective habitat from 1972. Le Petit Fresquet was detached from Puymoyen and is semi-rural. Frégeneuil was detached from Puymoyen and is semi-rural; the Port-l'Houmeau, the old port on the Charente located in the district of l'Houmeau is in a flood zone and during floods the Besson Bey Boulevard is cut. Geologically the town belongs to the Aquitaine Basin as does three quarters of the western department of Charente; the commune is located on the same limestone from the Upper Cretaceous period which occupies the southern half of the department of Charente, not far from Jurassic formations beginning at Gond-Pontouvre. The earliest Cretaceous period - the Cenomanian- is in the low areas, at an average altitude of 50m; the city was established on the Plateau that dominates the loop of the River Charente, a Turonian formation which forms a dissected plateau of parallel valleys and a cuesta facing north that extends towards La Couronne to the west and Garat to the east
Abzac is a French commune in the Charente department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of southwestern France. The inhabitants of the commune are known as Abzacois or Abzacoises but can be alternatively known as Abzacais or Abzacaises Abzac is located in the extreme north-east of the department of Charente and borders the communes of Availles-Limouzine, Saint-Germain-de-Confolens and Oradour-Fanais; the northern border of the commune is the border between Charente and Vienne departments. Abzac village is at the crossroads of two roads: the D729 from Confolens in the south and continuing north to Adriers - the former route Bis from Paris to Spain and the D99 which branches from the D951 in the south-east continues through the village north-west to Availles-Limouzine; the D951 road passes along the southern border of the commune from Lessac in the south-west to Mezieres-sur-Issoire in the east. Other departmental minor roads pass through the commune such as the D98 from Oradour-Fanais in the east to join the D729 in the north of the commune and the D324 which branches off the D951 in the south and passes through the commune to join the D99 south of the village.
To the northeast of the village, the hamlet of Chardat is nicknamed the Village of Clay. This village is home to many brick makers. Other smaller hamlets are: As with the whole north-east of the department of Charente, called Charente Limousine, the commune is located on the plateau of Limousin in the western part of the Massif Central, composed of crystalline and metamorphic rocks - relics of the Hercynian orogeny. A large central part of the commune of Abzac is granite; the west of the commune is composed of diorites. The plateau in the east of the commune is covered with degraded granite. Small areas in the north of the commune are composed of flinty quartz shingle; the commune is situated on a plateau inclined towards the west descending to the valley of the Vienne with steep slopes. The lowest altitude is 122m along the northwestern border with Vienne and the highest is 232m to on the south-eastern border. Most of the commune is at an altitude greater than 200m; the territory is composed of 17 % forest and semi-natural environments.
The remaining 2 % is shared between artificial areas of water. The commune is bordered in the west by the Vienne, a tributary of the Loire, occupies the right bank; the entire commune is therefore in the Loire basin. Many ponds dot the commune and streams connect them to the Vienne such as the Ruisseau de l'Etang de Serail in the north and the Ruisseau de l'Etang de Monette in the centre. In the south there is the Ruisseau du Moulin de la Toueille, the Ruisseau de la Vergne, La Curre, the border of the commune in the south; the Ruisseau de Marcillac is the only stream to flow eastwards. It is a tributary of the Blourde; the climate is degraded oceanic. This is cooler than the rest of the department; the name Abzac has been attested in the forms Absacum in the 14th century and Azat in the 17th century. The name Abzac is derived from the low Latin Apiciacum, based on the Latin anthroponym Apicius with a suffix -acum of Gallic origin signifying property. Ernest Negre preferred the Latin personal name of Avitius followed by the same suffix.
The name of the place called le Quéroy comes from the Latin quadrivium meaning "crossroads" which indicated two old roads. Prehistoric remains and antiquities in Abzac indicates an ancient settlement. Abzac was part of the old province of Limousin, the people of the village spoke the Limousin dialect. Abzac was a former priory of the Diocese of Limoges, famous for its pilgrimage for the saints Lucius and Emerite every seven years. In 1311 Audemar of Archiac, one of a family from Saintonge, was Lord of Saint-Germain, Availles-Limouzine and Abzac, he was attested as lord of Abzac Aimar and Archiac in 1410 it was Odet of Archiac in 1478 who would have built the castle. The blazon for their coat of arms was: "Gules two pales of vair, in chief of Or". Abzac passed to the Béraudière family whose blazon for their coat of arms was "Quarterly of Or a double-headed eagle in gules and azure, a cross of argent couped and fourchee" the Rochechouart family which explains how it was that Françoise Athénaïs Rochechouart of Mortenart Marquise de Montespan stayed there with her brother.
Their blazon was "barry wavy in Argent and gules of six" emblem is found in hearths. The commune of Abzac was founded in the Canton of Saint-Germain became Abjac in the Canton of Confolens. In 1801 the commune returned to the name Abzac in the Canton of Confolens-Sud. List of Successive Mayors of Abzac Population change Sources: Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 Percentage Distribution of Age Groups in Abzac and Charente Department in 2009 Sources: Evolution and Structure of the population of the Commune in 2009, INSEE. Evolution and Structure of the population of the Department in 2009, INSEE; the Delage tile factory and Bonnaud & son brick factory, built in the early 20th century, ceased operation in 1970 and 1987 respectively. The Malmanche tile and brick factory was built at Chardat in the 1920s and 1930s with a Hoffman kiln, replaced in the 1970s by a tunnel kiln. Another Malmanche tile factory was built in 1979 with a gas-powered tunnel furnace, a dryer, a continuous Unicerar press.
It employed 16 people in 1989. The Chardat Brick factory completes the industrial activity. In