Gordon's War is a 1973 action film written by Howard Friedlander and Ed Spielman, directed by Ossie Davis. It stars Paul Winfield as Gordon Hudson. A Vietnam veteran returns home to find drug dealers and addicts now rule his old neighborhood, that his own wife has fallen victim to drugs. Together with three of his buddies from Vietnam, he fights back. Paul Winfield - Gordon Hudson Carl Lee - Bee Bishop David Downing - Otis Russell Tony King - Roy Green Gilbert Lewis - Spanish Harry Carl Gordon - Luther the Pimp Nathan Heard - Big Pink Grace Jones - Mary Jackie Page - Bedroom Girl Chuck Bergansky - Caucasian killer Adam Wade - Hustler Hansford Rowe - Dog Salesman Warren Taurien - Goose Ralph Wilcox - Black hit man David Connell - Hotel Proprietor Rochelle LeNoir - Gordon's wife Charles McGregor - Drug dealer on subway station platform The music heard throughout the film has become a well-respected album in its own right, performed by Badder Than Evil, Barbara Mason, New Birth and Sister Goose And The Ducklings.
The most of songs were composed and performed by Badder Than Evil, a funk / R&B project of Albert Sahley Elias and Angelo Badalamenti. Their track Hot Wheels has been sampled by scores of artists including Public Enemy and Blade. List of American films of 1973 Gordon's War on IMDb Gordon's War at Rottentomatoes.com
Blue Velvet (soundtrack)
The Blue Velvet soundtrack by Angelo Badalamenti is a dark combination of classic composition and vintage/modern pop songs, which mirrors the film's un-stated timeless setting envisioned by David Lynch and unsettling neo-noir atmosphere. Thus, the film has become noted for its diverse musical selections. Seen as a prominent stylistic feature in the film is the unconventional use of vintage pop songs, such as Bobby Vinton’s "Blue Velvet" and Roy Orbison’s "In Dreams", juxtaposed with an orchestral score; the score makes direct quotations from Shostakovich's 15th Symphony, which Lynch had been listening to while writing the screenplay. Entertainment Weekly ranked Blue Velvet at #100 on their list of the 100 Greatest Film Soundtracks. "The haunting soundtrack accompanies the title credits weaves through the narrative, accentuating the noir mood of the film." — Critic John AlexanderLynch worked with Badalamenti for the first time in this film and asked him to write a score that had to be “like Shostakovich, be Russian, but make it the most beautiful thing but make it dark and a little bit scary.”
Badalamenti would go on to contribute to all of Lynch's future full-length films except for Inland Empire. Bobby Vinton's cover of The Clovers' 1950s song "Blue Velvet" served as inspiration for the film and incorporated it. "Main Title" 1:27 "Night Streets/Sandy and Jeffrey" 3:42 "Frank" 3:34 "Jeffrey's Dark Side" 1:48 "Mysteries of Love" 2:10 "Frank Returns" 4:39 "Mysteries of Love" 4:41 "Blue Velvet/Blue Star" 3:14 "Lumberton U. S. A./Going Down to Lincoln" 2:13 "Akron Meets the Blues" 2:40 Bill Doggett - "Honky Tonk, Pt. 1" 3:09 Roy Orbison - "In Dreams" 2:48 Ketty Lester - "Love Letters" 2:36 Julee Cruise - "Mysteries of Love" 4:22 Angelo Badalamenti – Composer, Contractor Julee Cruise – Performer Carmine d'Amico – Guitar, Contractor Chris d'Amico – Bass Bill Doggett – Organ, Performer Dan Hersch – Digital Editing, Digital Transfers Richard Kraft – Executive Producer Ketty Lester – Performer David Lynch – Conductor Roy Markowitz – Drums Tom Null – Executive Producer Roy Orbison – Performer Wayne Sabella – Piano Jiri Sobac – Engineer The first official release was released in late 1986.
The following release was on an audio CD on October 1990 by Varèse Sarabande. It, did not feature the original rendition title song as many times as it was used in the movie
George Gershwin was an American composer and pianist whose compositions spanned both popular and classical genres. Among his best-known works are the orchestral compositions Rhapsody in Blue and An American in Paris, the songs Swanee and Fascinating Rhythm, the jazz standard I Got Rhythm, the opera Porgy and Bess which spawned the hit Summertime. Gershwin studied piano under Charles Hambitzer and composition with Rubin Goldmark, Henry Cowell, Joseph Brody, he began his career as a song plugger but soon started composing Broadway theater works with his brother Ira Gershwin and Buddy DeSylva. He moved to Paris intending to study with Nadia Boulanger, he returned to New York City and wrote Porgy and Bess with Ira and DuBose Heyward. It was a commercial failure but came to be considered one of the most important American operas of the twentieth century and an American cultural classic. Gershwin moved to Hollywood and composed numerous film scores until his death in 1937 from a malignant brain tumor.
His compositions have been adapted for use in films and television, several became jazz standards recorded and covered in many variations. Gershwin was of Russian Lithuanian Jewish ancestry, his grandfather, Jakov Gershowitz, had served for 25 years as a mechanic for the Imperial Russian Army to earn the right of free travel and residence as a Jew. His teenage son, Moishe Gershowitz, worked as a leather cutter for women's shoes. Moishe Gershowitz met and fell in love with Roza Bruskina, the teenage daughter of a furrier in Vilnius, she and her family moved to New York due to increasing anti-Jewish sentiment in Russia, changing her first name to Rose. Moishe, faced with compulsory military service if he remained in Russia, moved to America as soon as he could afford to. Once in New York, he changed his first name to Morris. Gershowitz lived with a maternal uncle in Brooklyn, he married Rose on July 21, 1895, Gershowitz soon Americanized his name to Gershwine. Their first child, Ira Gershwin, was born on December 6, 1896, after which the family moved into a second-floor apartment on Brooklyn's Snediker Avenue.
On September 26, 1898, George was born as second son to Morris and Rose Bruskin Gershwine in their second-floor apartment on Brooklyn's Snediker Avenue. His birth certificate identifies him as Jacob Gershwine, with the surname pronounced'Gersh-vin' in the Russian and Yiddish immigrant community, he had just one given name, contrary to the American practice of giving children both a first and middle name. He was named after a one time Russian army mechanic, he soon became known as George, changed the spelling of his surname to'Gershwin' about the time he became a professional musician. After Ira and George, another boy Arthur Gershwin, a girl Frances Gershwin were born into the family; the family lived in many different residences, as their father changed dwellings with each new enterprise in which he became involved. They grew up around the Yiddish Theater District. George and Ira frequented the local Yiddish theaters, with George appearing onstage as an extra. George lived a usual childhood existence for children of New York tenements: running around with his boyhood friends, roller skating and misbehaving in the streets.
Until 1908, he cared nothing for music, when as a ten-year-old he was intrigued upon hearing his friend Maxie Rosenzweig's violin recital. The sound, the way his friend played, captured him. At around the same time, George's parents had bought a piano for lessons for his older brother Ira, but to his parents' surprise, Ira's relief, it was George who spent more time playing it. Although his younger sister Frances was the first in the family to make a living through her musical talents, she married young and devoted herself to being a mother and housewife, thus surrendering any serious time to musical endeavors. Having given up her performing career, she settled upon painting as a creative outlet, a hobby George pursued. Arthur Gershwin followed in the paths of George and Ira becoming a composer of songs and short piano works. With a degree of frustration, George tried various piano teachers for some two years before being introduced to Charles Hambitzer by Jack Miller, the pianist in the Beethoven Symphony Orchestra.
Until his death in 1918, Hambitzer remained Gershwin's musical mentor and taught him conventional piano technique, introduced him to music of the European classical tradition, encouraged him to attend orchestral concerts. Following such concerts, young Gershwin would try to play, on the piano at home, the music he had heard from recall, without sheet music; as a matter of course, Gershwin studied with the classical composer Rubin Goldmark and avant-garde composer-theorist Henry Cowell, thus formalizing his classical music training. In 1913, Gershwin left school at the age of 15 and found his first job as a "song plugger", his employer was Jerome H. Remick and Company, a Detroit-based publishing firm with a branch office on New York City's Tin Pan Alley, he earned $15 a week, his first published song was "When You Want'Em, You Can't Get'Em, When You've Got'Em, You Don't Want'Em" in 1916 when Gershwin was only 17 years old. It earned him 50 cents. In 1916, Gershwin started working for Aeolian Company and Standard Music Rolls in New York and arranging.
He produced dozens, if not hundreds, of rolls under his own and assumed names
The Straight Story
The Straight Story is a 1999 internationally co-produced biographical road drama film directed by David Lynch. The film was produced by Mary Sweeney, Lynch's longtime partner and co-worker, she co-wrote the script with John E. Roach; the film is based on the true story of Alvin Straight's 1994 journey across Iowa and Wisconsin on a lawn mower. Alvin is an elderly World War II veteran who lives with his daughter Rose, a kind woman with an intellectual disability; when he hears that his estranged brother Lyle has suffered a stroke, Alvin makes up his mind to go visit him and make amends before he dies. Because Alvin's legs and eyes are too impaired for him to receive a driving license, he hitches a trailer to his purchased thirty-year-old John Deere 110 Lawn Tractor, having a maximum speed of about 5 miles per hour and sets off on the 240 mile journey from Laurens, Iowa to Mount Zion, Wisconsin; the film was a critical success and garnered audience acclaim, although the overall gross proved less than expected.
Reviewers praised the intensity of the character performances the realistic dialogue which film critic Roger Ebert compared to the works of Ernest Hemingway. It received a nomination for the Palme d'Or at the 1999 Cannes Film Festival and Farnsworth received a nomination for the Academy Award for Best Actor. Alvin Straight has not shown up to his regular bar meeting with his friends, he is found lying on his floor at home, although he insists that he "just needs a bit of help getting up". His daughter Rose takes her reluctant father to see a doctor, who sternly admonishes Alvin to give up tobacco, he tells Alvin that he should start using a walker. Alvin refuses. Alvin learns that his brother Lyle has suffered a stroke. Longing to visit him, but unable to drive, Alvin develops a plan to travel to Mount Zion on his riding lawn-mower and towing a small homemade travel-trailer, to the consternation of his family and friends. Alvin's first attempt fails: after experiencing difficulty starting the old mower's motor, he doesn't get far before the machine breaks down.
Alvin arranges for his mower to be transported back home on a flatbed truck, where he takes out his frustrations on the mower with a shotgun blast. At the John Deere dealer, he purchases a newer lawn tractor from a salesman, generous but describes Alvin as being a smart man, "until now." Alvin continues on his quest. He passes a young female hitchhiker who approaches his campfire and says that she could not get a ride. In conversation, Alvin deduces that she has run away from home. Alvin tells her about the importance of family by describing a bundle of sticks, hard to break; the next day Alvin emerges from the trailer to find that she has left him a bundle of sticks tied together. A huge group of RAGBRAI cyclists race past him, he arrives at the cyclists' camp and he is greeted with applause. He speaks with them about growing old; when he is asked about the worst part of being old, he replies, "remembering when you was young." The next day, Alvin is troubled by the massive trucks passing him. He interacts with a distraught woman who has hit a deer, is being driven to distraction by the fact that she continually hits deer while commuting, no matter how hard she tries to avoid them.
She drives away in a tearful huff, Alvin, who had started to run short of food and eats the deer mounts the antlers above the rear doorway of his trailer as a tribute to the deer and the sustenance it had provided. Alvin's brakes fail; some people help get Alvin's trailer off the road. They discover that the mower has transmission problems. Now beginning to run low on cash, Alvin borrows a cordless phone from a homeowner – refusing an invitation to come indoors – and calls Rose to ask her to send him his Social Security check, he leaves money on the doorstep to pay for his telephone call. A local motorist offers Alvin a ride the rest of the way to Lyle's, but Alvin declines, stating that he prefers to travel his own way. An elderly war veteran takes him into town for a drink, Alvin tells a story about how he is haunted by a memory of accidentally shooting one of his military comrades. Alvin's tractor is fixed and he is presented with an exorbitant bill by the mechanics, who are twins and are bickering.
Alvin negotiates the price down, explains his mission, which he calls "a hard swallow to pride," but "a brother is a brother." The mechanic twins seem to relate to this. Alvin camps in a cemetery and chats with a priest who recognizes Lyle's name and is aware of his stroke; the priest says. Alvin replies that "neither one of us has had a brother for quite some time." Alvin wants to make peace with Lyle and is emphatic that what happened ten years ago does not matter. "I say,'Amen' to that, brother," the priest replies. The next obstacle Alvin must overcome is apparent engine trouble, just a few miles from Lyle's house. Alvin stops in the middle of the road, unsure of. A large farm tractor driving by stops to help, but this time the problem was evidently just a few drops of bad gas, because the lawn-tractor's engine sputters to life again after sitting for a few minutes; the gracious farmer leads the way on his own tractor, to make sure he gets there okay. Lyle's house is dilapidated. Using two canes, Alvin makes his way to the door.
He calls for his brother. Lyle invites Alvin to sit down. Lyle looks at Alvin's mower-
Sicily is the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea and one of the 20 regions of Italy. It is one of the five Italian autonomous regions, in Southern Italy along with surrounding minor islands referred to as Regione Siciliana. Sicily is located in the central Mediterranean Sea, south of the Italian Peninsula, from which it is separated by the narrow Strait of Messina, its most prominent landmark is Mount Etna, the tallest active volcano in Europe, one of the most active in the world 3,329 m high. The island has a typical Mediterranean climate; the earliest archaeological evidence of human activity on the island dates from as early as 12,000 BC. By around 750 BC, Sicily had three Phoenician and a dozen Greek colonies and, for the next 600 years, it was the site of the Sicilian Wars and the Punic Wars. After the fall of the Roman Empire in the 5th century AD, Sicily was ruled during the Early Middle Ages by the Vandals, the Ostrogoths, the Byzantine Empire, the Emirate of Sicily; the Norman conquest of southern Italy led to the creation of the Kingdom of Sicily, subsequently ruled by the Hohenstaufen, the Capetian House of Anjou and the House of Habsburg.
It was unified under the House of Bourbon with the Kingdom of Naples as the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies. It became part of Italy in 1860 following the Expedition of the Thousand, a revolt led by Giuseppe Garibaldi during the Italian unification, a plebiscite. Sicily was given special status as an autonomous region on 15th May 1946, 18 days before the Italian constitutional referendum of 1946. Albeit, much of the autonomy still remains unapplied financial autonomy, because the autonomy-activating laws have been deferred to be approved by the parithetic committee, since 1946. Sicily has a rich and unique culture with regard to the arts, literature and architecture, it is home to important archaeological and ancient sites, such as the Necropolis of Pantalica, the Valley of the Temples and Selinunte. Sicily has a triangular shape, earning it the name Trinacria. To the east, it is separated from the Italian mainland by the Strait of Messina, about 3 km wide in the north, about 16 km wide in the southern part.
The northern and southern coasts are each about 280 km long measured as a straight line, while the eastern coast measures around 180 km. The total area of the island is 25,711 km2, while the Autonomous Region of Sicily has an area of 27,708 km2; the terrain of inland Sicily is hilly and is intensively cultivated wherever possible. Along the northern coast, the mountain ranges of Madonie, 2,000 m, Nebrodi, 1,800 m, Peloritani, 1,300 m, are an extension of the mainland Apennines; the cone of Mount Etna dominates the eastern coast. In the southeast lie the lower Hyblaean Mountains, 1,000 m; the mines of the Enna and Caltanissetta districts were part of a leading sulphur-producing area throughout the 19th century, but have declined since the 1950s. Sicily and its surrounding small islands have some active volcanoes. Mount Etna is the largest active volcano in Europe and still casts black ash over the island with its ever-present eruptions, it stands 3,329 metres high, though this varies with summit eruptions.
It is the highest mountain in Italy south of the Alps. Etna covers an area of 1,190 km2 with a basal circumference of 140 km; this makes it by far the largest of the three active volcanoes in Italy, being about two and a half times the height of the next largest, Mount Vesuvius. In Greek mythology, the deadly monster Typhon was trapped under the mountain by Zeus, the god of the sky. Mount Etna is regarded as a cultural symbol and icon of Sicily; the Aeolian Islands in the Tyrrhenian Sea, to the northeast of mainland Sicily form a volcanic complex, include Stromboli. The three volcanoes of Vulcano and Lipari are currently active, although the latter is dormant. Off the southern coast of Sicily, the underwater volcano of Ferdinandea, part of the larger Empedocles volcano, last erupted in 1831, it is located between the island of Pantelleria. The autonomous region includes several neighbouring islands: the Aegadian Islands, the Aeolian Islands and Lampedusa; the island is drained by several rivers, most of which flow through the central area and enter the sea at the south of the island.
The Salso flows through parts of Enna and Caltanissetta before entering the Mediterranean Sea at the port of Licata. To the east, the Alcantara flows through the province of Messina and enters the sea at Giardini Naxos, the Simeto, which flows into the Ionian Sea south of Catania. Other important rivers on the island are the Platani in the southwest. Sicily has a typical Mediterranean climate with mild and wet winters and hot, dry summers with changeable intermediate seasons. On the coasts the south-western, the climate is affected by the African currents and summers can be scorching. Sicily is seen as an island of warm winters but above all along the Tyrrhenian coast and in the inland areas, winters can be cold, with typical continental climate. Snow falls in abundance above 900–1000 metres, but stronger cold waves can carry it in the hills and in coastal cities on the northern coast of the island; the interi
The Catskill Mountains known as the Catskills, are a physiographic province of the larger Appalachian Mountains, located in southeastern New York. As a cultural and geographic region, the Catskills are defined as those areas close to or within the borders of the Catskill Park, a 700,000-acre forest preserve forever protected from many forms of development under New York state law. Geologically, the Catskills are a mature dissected plateau, a once-flat region subsequently uplifted and eroded into sharp relief by watercourses; the Catskills form the northeastern end of the Allegheny Plateau. The Catskills are well known in American culture, both as the setting for films and works of art, including many 19th-century Hudson River School paintings, as well as for being a favored destination for vacationers from New York City in the mid-20th century; the region's many large resorts gave countless young stand-up comedians an opportunity to hone their craft. In addition, the Catskills have long been a haven for artists and writers in and around the towns of Phoenicia and Woodstock.
Nicolaes Visscher I's 1656 map of New Netherland located the Landt van Kats Kill at the mouth of Catskill creek. The region to the south is identified as Hooge Landt van Esopus, a reference to a local band of northern Lenape Native Americans who inhabited the banks of the Hudson and hunted in the highlands along the Esopus Creek. While the meaning of the name and the namer are settled matters and why the area is named "Catskills" is a mystery. Mountain lions were known to have been in the area when the Dutch arrived in the 17th century and may have been a reason for the name; the confusion over the origins of the name led over the years to variant spellings such as Kaatskill and Kaaterskill, both of which are still used: the former in the regional magazine Kaatskill Life, the latter as the name of a mountain peak and a waterfall. The supposed Indian name for the range, was created by a white man in the mid-19th century to drum up business for a resort. It, persists today as the name of a school district and as the name of a Boy Scout summer camp.
The Catskills are located 100 miles north-northwest of New York City and 40 miles southwest of Albany, starting west of the Hudson River. The Catskills occupy much or all of five counties:, with some areas falling into the boundaries of southwestern Albany, eastern Broome, northwestern Orange, southern Otsego counties. Foothills are found in southeastern Chenango, southern Montgomery, northern Otsego, western Schenectady counties. At the eastern end of the range, the mountains begin quite with the Catskill Escarpment rising up from the Hudson Valley; the western boundary is far less certain, as the mountains decline in height and grade into the rest of the Allegheny Plateau. Nor is there a consensus on where the Catskills end to the north or south; the Pocono Mountains, to the immediate southwest in Pennsylvania, are a part of the Allegheny Plateau. The Catskills contain more than 30 peaks above 3,500 parts of six important rivers; the Catskill Mountain 3500 Club is an organization whose members have climbed all the peaks in the Catskills over 3,500 feet.
The highest mountain, Slide Mountain in Ulster County, has an elevation of 4,180 feet. Climatically, the Catskills lie within the Allegheny Highlands forests ecoregion. Although the Catskills are sometimes compared with the Adirondack Mountains farther north, the two mountain ranges are not geologically related, as the Adirondacks are a continuation of the Canadian Shield; the Shawangunk Ridge, which forms the southeastern edge of the Catskills, is part of the geologically distinct Ridge-and-Valley province and is a continuation of the same ridge known as Kittatinny Mountain in New Jersey and Blue Mountain in Pennsylvania. The Catskill Mountains are more of a dissected plateau than a series of mountain ranges; the sediments that make up the rocks in the Catskills were deposited when the ancient Acadian Mountains in the east were rising and subsequently eroding. The sediments traveled westward and formed a great delta into the sea, in the area at that time; the escarpment of the Catskill Mountains is near the former edge of this delta, as the sediments deposited in the northeastern areas along the escarpment were deposited above sea level by moving rivers, the Acadian Mountains were located where the Taconic Mountains are located today.
Finer sediment was deposited further westward, thus the rocks change from gravel conglomerates to sandstone and shale. Further west, these fresh water deposits intermingle with shallow marine sandstone and shale until the end, in deeper water limestone; the uplift and erosion of the Acadian Mountains was occurring during the Devonian and early Mississippian period. Over that time, thousands of feet of these sediments built up moving the Devonian seashore further west. A meteor impact occurred in the shallow sea 375 mya, creating a 10 km diameter crater; this crater filled with sediments and became Panther Mountain through the process of uplift and erosion. By the middle of the Mississippian period, the uplift stopped, the Acadian Mountains had been eroded so much that sediments no longer flowed across the Catskill Delta. Over time, the sediments were buried by more sediments from other areas, until the original Devonian and Mi
Dmitri Dmitriyevich Shostakovich was a Russian composer and pianist. He is regarded as one of the major composers of the 20th century. Shostakovich achieved fame in the Soviet Union under the patronage of Soviet chief of staff Mikhail Tukhachevsky, but had a complex and difficult relationship with the government, he received accolades and state awards and served in the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR and the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union. A polystylist, Shostakovich developed a hybrid voice, combining a variety of different musical techniques into his works, his music is characterized by sharp contrasts, elements of the grotesque, ambivalent tonality. Shostakovich's orchestral works include six concerti, his chamber output includes 15 string quartets, a piano quintet, two piano trios, two pieces for string octet. His solo piano works include two sonatas, an early set of preludes, a set of 24 preludes and fugues. Other works include three operas, several song cycles, a substantial quantity of film music.
Born at Podolskaya street in Saint Petersburg, Shostakovich was the second of three children of Dmitri Boleslavovich Shostakovich and Sofiya Vasilievna Kokoulina. Shostakovich's paternal grandfather surnamed Szostakowicz, was of Polish Roman Catholic descent, but his immediate forebears came from Siberia. A Polish revolutionary in the January Uprising of 1863–4, Bolesław Szostakowicz would be exiled to Narym in 1866 in the crackdown that followed Dmitri Karakozov's assassination attempt on Tsar Alexander II; when his term of exile ended, Szostakowicz decided to remain in Siberia. He became a successful banker in Irkutsk and raised a large family, his son Dmitri Boleslavovich Shostakovich, the composer's father, was born in exile in Narim in 1875 and studied physics and mathematics in Saint Petersburg University, graduating in 1899. He went to work as an engineer under Dmitri Mendeleev at the Bureau of Weights and Measures in Saint Petersburg. In 1903 he married another Siberian transplant to the capital, Sofiya Vasilievna Kokoulina, one of six children born to a Russian Siberian native.
Their son, Dmitri Dmitriyevich Shostakovich, displayed significant musical talent after he began piano lessons with his mother at the age of nine. On several occasions he displayed a remarkable ability to remember what his mother had played at the previous lesson, would get "caught in the act" of playing the previous lesson's music while pretending to read different music placed in front of him. In 1918 he wrote a funeral march in memory of two leaders of the Kadet party, murdered by Bolshevik sailors. In 1919, at the age of 13, he was admitted to the Petrograd Conservatory headed by Alexander Glazunov, who monitored Shostakovich's progress and promoted him. Shostakovich studied piano with Leonid Nikolayev after a year in the class of Elena Rozanova, composition with Maximilian Steinberg, counterpoint and fugue with Nikolay Sokolov, with whom he became friends. Shostakovich attended Alexander Ossovsky's music history classes. Steinberg tried to guide Shostakovich on the path of the great Russian composers, but was disappointed to see him'wasting' his talent and imitating Igor Stravinsky and Sergei Prokofiev.
Shostakovich suffered for his perceived lack of political zeal, failed his exam in Marxist methodology in 1926. His first major musical achievement was the First Symphony, written as his graduation piece at the age of 19; this work brought him to the attention of Mikhail Tukhachevsky, who helped Shostakovich find accommodation and work in Moscow, sent a driver around in "a stylish automobile" to take him to a concert. After graduation, Shostakovich embarked on a dual career as concert pianist and composer, but his dry style of playing was unappreciated, he won an "honorable mention" at the First International Chopin Piano Competition in Warsaw in 1927. He attributed the disappointment at the competition to suffering from appendicitis and the jury being all-Polish, he had his appendix removed in April 1927. After the competition Shostakovich met the conductor Bruno Walter, so impressed by the composer's First Symphony that he conducted it at its Berlin premiere that year. Leopold Stokowski was impressed and gave the work its U.
S. premiere the following year in Philadelphia and made the work's first recording. Shostakovich concentrated on composition thereafter and soon limited his performances to those of his own works. In 1927 he wrote a patriotic piece with a great pro-Soviet choral finale. Owing to its experimental nature, as with the subsequent Third Symphony, it was not critically acclaimed with the enthusiasm given to the First. 1927 marked the beginning of Shostakovich's relationship with Ivan Sollertinsky, who remained his closest friend until the latter's death in 1944. Sollertinsky introduced the composer to the music of Mahler, which had a strong influence on h