Carlo Ceresoli was an Italian football goalkeeper. Born in Bergamo, Ceresoli played club football in the Italian Serie B with Atalanta, in the Serie A with Inter Milan, Bologna and Juventus. Ceresoli was considered one of the strongest goalkeepers of the 1930s along with Gianpiero Combi, Ricardo Zamora and František Plánička. With the Italian national team he played the only qualifying match of the 1934 FIFA World Cup against Greece, the famous Battle of Highbury against England, in which he saved a penalty from Eric Brook, he won the 1938 World with the Italian national team, went on to win a total of 8 caps for Italy. This article is based on a translation of an article from the Italian Wikipedia. Profile at enciclopediadelcalcio.it Profile at FIGC.it
Francesco Guidolin is an Italian football manager and former player, most the manager of Premier League team Swansea City. He has coached various Italian club sides in Serie A, winning the 1996–97 Coppa Italia with Vicenza, while competing in European competitions with Vicenza, Udinese and Palermo, as well as managing Monégasque side Monaco. Guidolin made his professional debut in 1975 with the Serie A club Hellas Verona, with whom he spent the majority of his career, save for loan moves to clubs Sambenedettese and Bologna. After spending two seasons with Serie C2 club Venezia, he retired in 1986. Internationally, Guidolin played for the Italy national under-21 team between 1976 and 1977. Guidolin's managerial debut came in 1988 as head coach of Serie C2 team Giorgione, the main club of his native city, Castelfranco Veneto. Between 1989 and 1993, he coached Treviso, Fano and Ravenna, all in Serie C1. Leading Ravenna to promotion to Serie B earned Guidolin a move to become head coach of Serie A club Atalanta on 1 July 1993, although he was sacked after just ten matches.
The next season, Guidolin joined Serie B side Vicenza and restored them following a period of decline. After gaining promotion to Serie A at the end of the 1994–95 Serie B, his club finished mid-table the following Serie A season. During the 1996–97 season, Vicenza led the league for a period achieving an eighth-place finish in Serie A, won the 1997 Coppa Italia, defeating Napoli 3–1 on aggregate in the two-legged final, it was the club's first domestic trophy. As a result, the following season Guidolin had his first European campaign, reaching the 1997–98 UEFA Cup Winners' Cup semi-final before losing to eventual winners Chelsea. However, in the league season, Vicenza finished just one place above the relegation zone; the club was defeated by Juventus in the 1997 Supercoppa Italiana. After managing Vicenza, Guidolin accepted the head coach position at Serie A side Udinese for the 1998–99 season, their previous third-place finish had qualified them the first round of the 1998–99 UEFA Cup, but they did not progress beyond this stage, losing to Bayer Leverkusen.
In the remaining league campaign, Guidolin was only able to guide them to a mid-table finish and was fired only days before the start of the following season. In the middle of the 1999–2000 season, Guidolin joined Serie A side Bologna, a former club as a player. Despite finishing ninth in the previous season, Bologna had qualified for the 1999–2000 UEFA Cup after winning a tie-breaker against Internazionale. Guidolin took them to the third round of the UEFA Cup. In the Serie A season, they finished in 11th place; the following league campaign ended with another ninth-place finish, followed by another small improvement to seventh place and entry into in a summer tournament, the 2002 UEFA Intertoto Cup, where they were defeated in the three-game final stage by Fulham. The 2002–03 season began with good results but ended in a disappointing 11th-place finish and resulted in heavy criticism of Guidolin, which became more intense after Guidolin was heard insulting the city of Bologna during a match.
Guidolin returned to management with Serie B side Palermo midway through the 2003–04 season, winning the league and gaining promotion to Serie A, the club's first season in the top flight for 35 years. In the subsequent Serie A campaign, he guided Palermo to a sixth-place finish, earning their first UEFA Cup qualification. However, he opted to leave the club at the end of the season. For the start of the next season, Guidolin had agreed to join Genoa, who had gained promotion to Serie A from the 2004–05 Serie B. However, after a match fixing scandal over their final league match was discovered, the Italian Football Federation instead placed Genoa last in Serie B, thereby relegating them to Serie C1; as a result, Guidolin rescinded his contract. In October 2005, Guidolin joined his first managerial post outside Italy. With the club experiencing financial difficulties, he was unable to replicate the third place reached by his predecessor Didier Deschamps, finishing in tenth place at the end of the 2005–06 Ligue 1 season.
On 30 May 2006, in a surprise move, Guidolin was re-hired by his former club Palermo. In his absence, they had reached the round of 16 in their inaugural UEFA Cup run, had qualified for the 2006–07 UEFA Cup despite finishing eighth in the league, due to Italian match fixing scandals costing other clubs their places. Guidolin's Serie A campaign started well, but after losing star player Amauri to injury in December, the team went over two months without a win. In the UEFA Cup, they progressed to the group stage but failed to qualify for the knockout stages, ending their campaign in December; the season was disrupted when the club was one of the two teams involved in the Sicilian derby of 2 February 2007 which led to riots and a police fatality, resulting in various safety restrictions being imposed on the league. Having dropped out of the UEFA Champions League qualification places, Guidolin was sacked on 23 April following a 4–3 home defeat to relegation-threatened Parma. After his assistant Renzo Gobbo failed to halt the club's slide, the sacking was revoked on 14 May after two further defeats.
After finishing fifth and therefore qualifying for the 2007–08 UEFA Cup, Guidolin was sacked again, being replaced by Atalanta coach Stefano Colantuono. In October 2007, Guidolin declined to take up an offer to coach struggling English Championship side Queens Park Rangers after failing to agree personal terms. On 26 November 2007, with Palermo having been eliminated from the UEFA Cup in the first round and
Santhià is a comune in the province of Vercelli in the Italian region Piedmont, located about 50 kilometres northeast of Turin and about 20 kilometres northwest of Vercelli. Santhià is hoem to a historic carnival named the Carnevale Storico di Santhià, held since the 14th century. Castle of Vettigné, built starting from the 15th century. Romanesque-Neoclassic collegiate church of Sant'Agata, built from the 11th century, it includes a 12th-century Romanesque crypt. Jacques-Germain Chaudes-Aigues, French journalist and literary critic, was born in Santhià. Ugo Nespolo, was made an honorary citizen of Santhià on Saturday 31 March 2012. Riccardo Dainese, banana lover and once great footballer, is born in Vercelli, Official website
Province of Vercelli
Vercelli is a province in the Piedmont region of northern Italy. Its capital is Vercelli; as of 2015, it has an area of 2,081 square kilometres and a total population of some 176,000. It is an area known for the cultivation of rice. In 2003, UNESCO added the Sacred Mountain of Varallo to the World Heritage List. Other historical sights include the Basilica of Sant'Andrea in Vercelli. There are numerous natural sights in the Valsesia area. Communes of the Province of Vercelli Official website Official web site for European Sacred Mountains
Ottavio Bianchi is an Italian former football player and coach who played as a midfielder. Bianchi was born in Brescia. During his playing days, he has won two caps for Italy, played for a number of teams, including Brescia, Atalanta and Cagliari, he is best remembered for being the coach of Napoli from 1985 to 1989, a team consisting of great players such as Diego Maradona and Careca, which won its first of two Serie A titles in the 1986–87 season. He led the team to the Coppa Italia title in 1987, the UEFA Cup title in 1989. Other teams he has coached include Como, Roma and Fiorentina. Bianchi played for the Brescia youth system, made his debut with his boyhood team's senior side in the Serie A in 1965. In 1966, Bianchi was transferred to Napoli, the club with whom he played for five consecutive championships. In addition to these, Bianchi had stints with Atalanta and Cagliari and finished his playing career with SPAL. Bianchi has made two appearances for the Italy national football team, where he made his debut on 1 November 1966, in a friendly match against the USSR in Milan, where the hosts won 1–0.
Bianchi began his coaching career at lower division clubs such as Siena, Mantova and Atalanta, where he won the Serie C1 championship in 1981–82 with the latter. Following the good results during his stint with Atalanta, Avellino approached Bianchi to guide them for the 1983–84 season where they finished the season with an 11th place in the Serie A, the following season Bianchi moved to newly promoted Como where he managed to reach a mid-table position; the following season, Bianchi joined Maradona's Napoli, who won his first Scudetto in 1986–87. With Bianchi on the bench Napoli won the Coppa Italia in 1987, the UEFA Cup in 1989. After four successful seasons with Napoli, Bianchi moved to Roma, where he once again won the Coppa Italia in 1991, managed to reach the UEFA Cup final, where the club finished as runners up to Inter. After the adventure with the giallorossi, where in November 1992, Bianchi replaced Claudio Ranieri to take over the helm of Napoli, managing to transform a relegation-threatened team for a team challenging for an UEFA Cup place.
The next year Bianchi was appointed as a technical director, guiding Marcello Lippi after the team lost several important players such as Gianfranco Zola and Giovanni Galli due to financial difficulties. The following season he was a coach again, this time at Inter; the first season was a successful one with the victory over their rivals in the Derby della Madonnina being the highlight of the season. But a year despite the arrival of Javier Zanetti and Roberto Carlos, the team struggled to maintain the good form where he was given the sack by Massimo Moratti after the team lost to his ex-club Napoli at Stadio San Paolo. Seven years Bianchi was called to save relegation troubled Fiorentina in 2002 without success both as a coach and as chairman of club, succeeding outgoing Ugo Poggi until the end of the season. Atalanta Serie C1: 1981–82Napoli Serie A: 1986–87 Coppa Italia: 1986–87 UEFA Cup: 1988–89Roma Coppa Italia: 1990–91IndividualEuropean Coach of the Season: 1988–89 List of UEFA Cup winning managers
Association football, more known as football or soccer, is a team sport played with a spherical ball between two teams of eleven players. It is played by 250 million players in over 200 countries and dependencies, making it the world's most popular sport; the game is played on a rectangular field called a pitch with a goal at each end. The object of the game is to score by moving the ball beyond the goal line into the opposing goal. Association football is one of a family of football codes, which emerged from various ball games played worldwide since antiquity; the modern game traces its origins to 1863 when the Laws of the Game were codified in England by The Football Association. Players are not allowed to touch the ball with hands or arms while it is in play, except for the goalkeepers within the penalty area. Other players use their feet to strike or pass the ball, but may use any other part of their body except the hands and the arms; the team that scores most goals by the end of the match wins.
If the score is level at the end of the game, either a draw is declared or the game goes into extra time or a penalty shootout depending on the format of the competition. Association football is governed internationally by the International Federation of Association Football, which organises World Cups for both men and women every four years; the rules of association football were codified in England by the Football Association in 1863 and the name association football was coined to distinguish the game from the other forms of football played at the time rugby football. The first written "reference to the inflated ball used in the game" was in the mid-14th century: "Þe heued fro þe body went, Als it were a foteballe"; the Online Etymology Dictionary states that the "rules of the game" were made in 1848, before the "split off in 1863". The term soccer comes from a slang or jocular abbreviation of the word "association", with the suffix "-er" appended to it; the word soccer was first recorded in 1889 in the earlier form of socca.
Within the English-speaking world, association football is now called "football" in the United Kingdom and "soccer" in Canada and the United States. People in countries where other codes of football are prevalent may use either term, although national associations in Australia and New Zealand now use "football" for the formal name. According to FIFA, the Chinese competitive game cuju is the earliest form of football for which there is evidence. Cuju players could use any part of the body apart from hands and the intent was kicking a ball through an opening into a net, it was remarkably similar to modern football. During the Han Dynasty, cuju games were standardised and rules were established. Phaininda and episkyros were Greek ball games. An image of an episkyros player depicted in low relief on a vase at the National Archaeological Museum of Athens appears on the UEFA European Championship Cup. Athenaeus, writing in 228 AD, referenced the Roman ball game harpastum. Phaininda and harpastum were played involving hands and violence.
They all appear to have resembled rugby football and volleyball more than what is recognizable as modern football. As with pre-codified "mob football", the antecedent of all modern football codes, these three games involved more handling the ball than kicking. Other games included kemari in chuk-guk in Korea. Association football in itself does not have a classical history. Notwithstanding any similarities to other ball games played around the world FIFA has recognised that no historical connection exists with any game played in antiquity outside Europe; the modern rules of association football are based on the mid-19th century efforts to standardise the varying forms of football played in the public schools of England. The history of football in England dates back to at least the eighth century AD; the Cambridge Rules, first drawn up at Cambridge University in 1848, were influential in the development of subsequent codes, including association football. The Cambridge Rules were written at Trinity College, Cambridge, at a meeting attended by representatives from Eton, Rugby and Shrewsbury schools.
They were not universally adopted. During the 1850s, many clubs unconnected to schools or universities were formed throughout the English-speaking world, to play various forms of football; some came up with their own distinct codes of rules, most notably the Sheffield Football Club, formed by former public school pupils in 1857, which led to formation of a Sheffield FA in 1867. In 1862, John Charles Thring of Uppingham School devised an influential set of rules; these ongoing efforts contributed to the formation of The Football Association in 1863, which first met on the morning of 26 October 1863 at the Freemasons' Tavern in Great Queen Street, London. The only school to be represented on this occasion was Charterhouse; the Freemason's Tavern was the setting for five more meetings between October and December, which produced the first comprehensive set of rules. At the final meeting, the first FA treasurer, the representative from Blackheath, withdrew his club from the FA over the removal of two draft rules at the previous meeting: the first allowed for running with the ball in hand.
Other English rugby clubs followed this lead and did not join the FA and instead in 1871 formed the Rugby Football Union. The eleven remaining clubs, under
A midfielder is an association football position. Midfielders are positioned on the field between their team's defenders and forwards; some midfielders play a disciplined defensive role, breaking up attacks, are otherwise known as defensive midfielders. Others blur the boundaries, being more mobile and efficient in passing: they are referred to as deep-lying midfielders, play-makers, box-to-box, or holding midfielders; the number of midfielders on a team and their assigned roles depends on the team's formation. Most managers assign at least one midfielder to disrupt the opposing team's attacks, while others may be tasked with creating goals, or have equal responsibilities between attack and defence. Midfielders are the players who travel the greatest distance during a match; because midfielders arguably have the most possession during a game they are among the fittest players on the pitch. Central or centre midfielders are players whose role is divided equally between attack and defence and to dominate the play around the centre of the pitch.
These players will try to pass the ball to the team's attacking midfielders and forwards and may help their team's attacks by making runs into the opposition's penalty area and attempting shots on goal themselves. When the opposing team has the ball, a central midfielder may drop back to protect the goal or move forward and press the opposition ball-carrier to recover the ball. A centre midfielder defending their goal will move in front of their centre-backs in order to block long shots by the opposition and track opposition midfielders making runs towards the goal; the 4–3–3 and 4–5–1 formations each use three central midfielders. The 4−4−2 formation may use two central midfielders, in the 4–2–3–1 formation one of the two deeper midfielders may be a central midfielder; the term box-to-box midfielder refers to central midfielders who are hard-working and who have good all-round abilities, which makes them skilled at both defending and attacking. These players can therefore track back to their own box to make tackles and block shots and run to the opponents' box to try to score.
The change of trends and the deviation from the standard 4–4–2 formation to the 4–2–3–1 formation imposed restrictions on the typical box-to-box midfielders of the 80s, as teams' two midfield roles were now divided into "holders" or "creators". Notable examples of box-to-box midfielders are Bastian Schweinsteiger, Yaya Touré, Radja Nainggolan. Left and right midfielders have a role balanced between attack and defence, similar to that of central midfielders, but they are positioned closer to the touchlines of the pitch, they may be asked to cross the ball into the opponents' penalty area to make scoring chances for their teammates, when defending they may put pressure on opponents who are trying to cross. Common modern formations that include left and right midfielders are the 4−4−2, the 4−4−1−1, the 4–2–3–1 and the 4−5−1 formations. Jonathan Wilson describes the development of the 4−4−2 formation: "…the winger became a wide midfielder, a shuttler, somebody who might be expected to cross a ball but was meant to put in a defensive shift."
Notable examples of wide midfielders are Ryan Giggs. The historic position of wing-half was given to midfielders, it became obsolete as wide players with defensive duties have tended to become more a part of the defence as full-backs. Defensive midfielders are midfield players; these players may defend a zone in front of their team's defence, or man mark specific opposition attackers. Defensive midfielders may move to the full-back or centre-back positions if those players move forward to join in an attack. Sergio Busquets described his attitude: "The coach knows that I am an obedient player who likes to help out and if I have to run to the wing to cover someone's position, great." A good defensive midfielder needs good positional awareness, anticipation of opponent's play, tackling, interceptions and great stamina and strength. A holding or deep-lying midfielder stays close to their team's defence, while other midfielders may move forward to attack; the holding midfielder may have responsibilities when their team has the ball.
This player will make short and simple passes to more attacking members of their team but may try some more difficult passes depending on the team's strategy. Marcelo Bielsa is considered as a pioneer for the use of a holding midfielder in defence; this position may be seen in the 4 -- 2 -- 3 -- 4 -- 4 -- 2 diamond formations. A defensive midfielder, or "destroyer", a playmaker, or "creator", were fielded alongside each other as a team's two holding central midfielders; the destroyer was responsible for making tackles, regaining possession, distributing the ball to the creator, while the creator was responsible for retaining possession and keeping the ball moving with long passes out to the flanks, in the manner of a more old-fashioned deep-lying playmaker or "regista". Early examples of a destroyer are Nobby Stiles, Herbert Wimmer, Marco Tardelli, while examples include Claude Makélélé and Javier Mascherano, although several of these players possessed qualities of other types of midfielders, were therefore not confined to a single role.
Early examples of a creator would be Gérson, Glenn Hoddle, Sunday Oliseh, while more recent examples Xabi Alonso, Michael Carrick. The latest and third type of holding midfielder developed as a box-to-box midfielder, or "carrier", neither destructive nor creative, capable of winning b