Rak Records is a British record label, founded by record producer Mickie Most in 1969. Rak was home to artists such as Herman's Hermits, Suzi Quatro, Kenny, Hot Chocolate, Arrows, Span and Kim Wilde. Rak Records were distributed via a licensing deal with EMI Records, which bought the company and its master recordings from Most in 1983. Most kept the company name and his RAK Studios, which still exists in St. John's Wood along with Rak Publishing; the latter company represents artists such as Joan Jett, Ben Taylor and KK. In 1986, Most defected the label from EMI to PRT Records which handled the last releases until February 1988. Owing to the records not being hits, the label folded. However, 26 years in late 2014, Rak Records was revived as a label for new artists releasing both downloads and 7-inch vinyl in the form of a singles club; the Cadbury Sisters and Beautiful Boy were the new signings. They recorded their own original songs as the A-sides, covered a classic Rak artists cover as the B-side.
The Cadbury Sisters covered Steve Harley's 1975 classic "Make Me Smile", Trojan Horse did Cozy Powell's "Dance With The Devil", Beautiful Boy did "Kids In America". As PRT Records is no longer in existence, the label is now distributed by Gearbox Records using the original sailing yacht paper label and the records packaged in the original royal blue paper sleeves; when Warner Music Group acquired Parlophone from EMI in 2013, this included the rights to Hot Chocolate and other artists. Exempted are Suzi Quatro's albums on Rak which are owned by independent label Chrysalis Records after Blue Raincoat Music acquired that label in May 2016 from Warner, with Kobalt Label Services handling distribution; as the name appears on the label written in capitals and is spelt without a C, many believe it's an acronym, but'Rak' is short for rackjobbing, or the sale of records in unusual places, such as petrol stations and supermarkets. Mickie Most chose to deliberately misspell the label's name as'Rak' rather than'Rack'.
Rak Publishing is located in London, in the original RAK Studios complex in St John's Wood. They manage the publishing rights for songs like "You Sexy Thing" by Hot Chocolate, "I Love Rock'n' Roll" by Arrows, covered by Joan Jett and Britney Spears, "Kids In America" recorded by Kim Wilde. Rak Publishing and Tummy Touch Records are releasing new and archive material from the Rak catalog. List of records by RAK Records Category:Rak Records artists Category:Rak Records albums Category:Albums recorded at RAK Studios RAK Records (The Rak Singles Club website Rak Publishing official website RAK Records Facebook Group Official Yahoo! Group for Rak Records Photos of historical Rak record labels and sleeves Rak Studios official website Rak discography at Discogs
BBC Television is a service of the British Broadcasting Corporation. The corporation has operated in the United Kingdom under the terms of a royal charter since 1927, it produced television programmes from its own studios since 1932, although the start of its regular service of television broadcasts is dated to 2 November 1936. The BBC's domestic television channels have no commercial advertising and collectively they account for more than 30% of all UK viewing; the services are funded by a television licence. As a result of the 2016 Licence Fee settlement, the BBC Television division was split, with in-house television production being separated into a new division called BBC Studios and the remaining parts of television being renamed as BBC Content; the BBC operates several television networks, television stations, related programming services in the United Kingdom. As well as being a broadcaster, the corporation produces a large number of its own programmes in-house and thereby ranks as one of the world's largest television production companies.
John Logie Baird set up the Baird Television Development Company in 1926. Baird used his electromechanical system with a vertically-scanned image of 30 lines, just enough resolution for a close-up of one person, a bandwidth low enough to use existing radio transmitters; the simultaneous transmission of sound and pictures was achieved on 30 March 1930, by using the BBC's new twin transmitter at Brookmans Park. By late 1930, thirty minutes of morning programmes were broadcast from Monday to Friday, thirty minutes at midnight on Tuesdays and Fridays after BBC radio went off the air. Baird's broadcasts via the BBC continued until June 1932; the BBC began its own regular television programming from the basement of Broadcasting House, London, on 22 August 1932. The studio moved to larger quarters in 16 Portland Place, London, in February 1934, continued broadcasting the 30-line images, carried by telephone line to the medium wave transmitter at Brookmans Park, until 11 September 1935, by which time advances in all-electronic television systems made the electromechanical broadcasts obsolete.
After a series of test transmissions and special broadcasts that began in August 1936, the BBC Television Service launched on 2 November 1936 from a converted wing of Alexandra Palace in London. "Ally Pally" housed two studios, various scenery stores, make-up areas, dressing rooms and the transmitter itself, which broadcast on the VHF band. BBC television used two systems on alternate weeks: the 240-line Baird intermediate film system and the 405-line Marconi-EMI system; the use of both formats made the BBC's service the world's first regular high-definition television service. The first programme broadcast – and thus the first on a dedicated TV channel – was "Opening of the BBC Television Service" at 15:00; the first major outside broadcast was the coronation of King George VI and Queen Elizabeth in May 1937. The two systems were to run on a trial basis for six months. However, the Baird system, which used a mechanical camera for filmed programming and Farnsworth image dissector cameras for live programming, proved too cumbersome and visually inferior, ended with closedown on Saturday 13 February 1937.
The station's range was a 40 kilometres radius of the Alexandra Palace transmitter—in practice, transmissions could be picked up a good deal further away, on one occasion in 1938 were picked up by engineers at RCA in New York, who were experimenting with a British television set. The service was reaching an estimated 25,000–40,000 homes before the outbreak of World War II which caused the service to be suspended in September 1939. On 1 September 1939, two days before Britain declared war on Germany, the station was taken off air with little warning. Many of the television service's technical staff and engineers would be needed for the war effort, in particular on the radar programme; the last programme transmitted was a Mickey Mouse cartoon, Mickey's Gala Premier, followed by test transmissions. According to figures from Britain's Radio Manufacturers Association, 18,999 television sets had been manufactured from 1936 to September 1939, when production was halted by the war. BBC Television returned on 7 June 1946 at 15:00.
Jasmine Bligh, one of the original announcers, made the first announcement, saying,'Good afternoon everybody. How are you? Do you remember me, Jasmine Bligh?'. The Mickey Mouse cartoon of 1939 was repeated twenty minutes later. Alexandra Palace was the home base of the channel until the early 1950s when the majority of production moved into the newly acquired Lime Grove Studios. Postwar broadcast coverage was extended to Birmingham in 1949 with the opening of the Sutton Coldfield transmitting station, by the mid-1950s most of the country was covered, transmitting a 405-line interlaced image on VHF; when the ITV was launched in 1955, the BBC Television Service showed popular programming, including comedies, documentaries, game shows, soap operas, covering a wide range
Mickie Most was an English record producer, with a string of hit singles with acts such as the Animals, Herman's Hermits, the Nashville Teens, Lulu, Suzi Quatro, Hot Chocolate, Arrows and the Jeff Beck Group issued on his own RAK Records label. Most was born as Michael Peter Hayes in Hampshire; the son of a regimental sergeant-major, he moved with his parents to Harrow in 1951. He was influenced by skiffle and early roll in his youth. Leaving school at 15, he worked as a singing waiter at London's The 2i's Coffee Bar where he made friends with future business partner Peter Grant, formed a singing duo with Alex Wharton who billed themselves as the Most Brothers, they recorded the single "Takes A Whole Lotta Loving to Keep My Baby Happy" with Decca Records before disbanding. Wharton went on to produce the Moody Blues single "Go Now". After changing his name to Mickie Most in 1959, he travelled to South Africa with his wife Christina, formed a pop group, Mickie Most and the Playboys; the band scored 11 consecutive No. 1 singles there with cover versions of Ray Peterson, Gene Vincent, Buddy Holly and Eddie Cochran songs.
Returning to London in 1962, Most appeared on package tours as well as recording "Mister Porter", a No. 45 hit in the UK Singles Chart in July 1963 and had moderate success with'The Feminine Look' in 1963, this latter featuring Jimmy Page on lead guitar and heralding early British heavy rock. Becoming tired of touring clubs, Most decided to concentrate on other aspects of the music industry, his first job was selling records in stores and displaying them on racks before finding a niche with production for Columbia Records. After spotting The Animals at Newcastle's Club A-Go-Go, he offered to produce their first single, "Baby Let Me Take You Home", which reached No. 21 in the UK Singles Chart. Their follow-up 1964 single, "The House of the Rising Sun", became an international hit. Most had success with Herman's Hermits after being approached by their manager Harvey Lisberg at Derek Everett's suggestion, their first Most production, "I'm into Something Good", went to No. 1 in 1964, beginning a run of single and album sales, the group for a time challenging The Beatles in popularity in the United States.
His down-to-earth handling of the band, his business acumen and knack for selecting hit singles established Most as one of the most successful producers in Britain and kept him in demand throughout the 1960s and 1970s. In July 1964, Most scored another top 10 hit with the Nashville Teens' cover of the John D. Loudermilk song "Tobacco Road". In September 1964, with Most at the control board, Brenda Lee recorded "Is It True" and "What'd I Say". "Is It True" was released in England and in the US, it became a hit and a gold record. "What'd I Say" became another hit throughout Europe but was never released in the US. Most had equal success with other artists for whom he produced chart-topping albums and singles between 1964 and 1969, notably Donovan with "Sunshine Superman", "Mellow Yellow", "Jennifer Juniper", "Hurdy Gurdy Man", Lulu's hits "To Sir, with Love", "The Boat That I Row", "Boom Bang-a-Bang", "Me the Peaceful Heart", "I'm a Tiger". Most produced the final studio single of the 1960s by The Seekers, "Days of My Life", in 1968, Nancy Sinatra's "The Highway Song" in 1969.
Additionally in the 1960s, Most signed and produced artists such as singer-guitarist Terry Reid, all-girl rock band The She Trinity. Most's productions were backed by London-based session musicians including Big Jim Sullivan and Jimmy Page on guitar, John Paul Jones on bass guitar and arrangements, Nicky Hopkins on piano, Bobby Graham on drums, he produced Jeff Beck's hits "Love is Blue" and "Hi Ho Silver Lining" and the Jeff Beck Group albums Truth and Beck-Ola. He teamed the Beck group with Donovan for the single "Barabajagal". By 1967, after commercial and critical failure of The Yardbirds album Little Games, he decided to steer clear of rock groups; the Yardbirds objected to his insistence that every song be cut to three minutes and that albums were an afterthought following the singles. His focused approach led to a split with Donovan in late 1969. Most and Donovan reunited in 1973 for the album Cosmic Wheels on which Most was credited under his real name, Michael Peter Hayes. Despite these setbacks, Most set up his own production office at 155 Oxford Street, sharing it with his business partner Peter Grant.
It was through Most's association. In 1968, Most and Grant set up RAK Management, but Grant's involvement with The Yardbirds, which soon evolved into Led Zeppelin, meant Most had control in late 1969. RAK Records and RAK Music Publishing were launched in 1969. RAK Music Publishing has the copyright of such classic popular songs as "You Sexy Thing" composed by Hot Chocolate singer Errol Brown and a half interest in the song "I Love Rock'n' Roll" written by Alan Merrill and Jake Hooker of the band Arrows. Both acts were produced by Most. With RAK Records, Most's success continued with folk singer Julie Felix's hit "El Condor Pasa". Felix was the first artist signed to the label. Most produced Mary Hopkin’s 1970 hit "Temma Harbour" for Apple Records, followed by her Eurovision Song Contest entry, "Knock, Knock Who's There?". In 1970, Most approached Suzi Quatro for a recording contract after seeing her on stage at a Detroit dance hall with the band Cradle, while on a production assignment in Chicago.
Quatro was among a growing roster of artists signed to RAK Records