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Saint Angilbert, sometimes known as Angilberk or Engelbert, was a noble Frankish poet, educated under Alcuin and served Charlemagne as a secretary and son-in-law. He was venerated as a pre-Congregation saint and is still honored on the day of his death, 18 February. Angilbert seems to have been brought up at the court of Charlemagne at the palace school in Aquae Grani, he was educated there as the pupil and friend of the great English scholar Alcuin. When Charlemagne sent his young son Pepin to Italy as King of the Lombards Angilbert went along as primicerius palatii, a high administrator of the satellite court; as the friend and adviser of Pepin, he assisted for a while in the government of Italy. Angilbert delivered the document on Iconoclasm from the Frankish Synod of Frankfurt to Pope Adrian I, was sent on three important embassies to the pope, in 792, 794, 796. At one time, he served an officer of the maritime provinces, he accompanied Charlemagne to Rome in 800 and was one of the witnesses to his will in 811.

There are various traditions concerning Angilbert's relationship with Bertha, daughter of Charlemagne. One holds, they had, however, at least two sons and one daughter, one of whom, became a notable figure in the mid-9th century, the daughter Bertha, went on to marry Helgaud II, count of Ponthieu. Control of marriage and the meanings of legitimacy were hotly contested in the Middle Ages. Bertha and Angilbert are an example of how resistance to the idea of a sacramental marriage could coincide with holding church offices. On the other hand, some historians have speculated that Charlemagne opposed formal marriages for his daughters out of concern for political rivalries from their potential husbands. In 790, Angilbert retired to the abbey of Centulum, the "Monastery of St Richarius" at present-day Saint-Riquier in Picardy. Elected abbot in 794, he endowed it with a library of 200 volumes, it was not uncommon for the Merovingian, Carolingian, or kings to make laymen abbots of monasteries. Angilbert, in contrast, spent a great deal rebuilding Saint-Riquier.

In keeping with Carolingian policies, Angilbert established a school at Saint-Riquier to educate the local boys. Angilbert's Latin poems reveal the culture and tastes of a man of the world, enjoying the closest intimacy with the imperial family. Charlemagne and the other men at court were known by jesting nicknames. Charlemagne was referred to as "David", a reference to the Biblical king David. Angilbert was nicknamed "Homer" because he wrote poetry, was the probable author of an epic, of which the fragment, preserved describes the life at the palace and the meeting between Charlemagne and Leo III, it is a mosaic from Virgil, Ovid and Venantius Fortunatus, composed in the manner of Einhard's use of Suetonius. Of the shorter poems, besides the greeting to Pippin on his return from the campaign against the Avars, an epistle to David incidentally reveals a delightful picture of the poet living with his children in a house surrounded by pleasant gardens near the emperor's palace; the reference to Bertha, however, is distant and respectful, her name occurring on the list of princesses to whom he sends his salutation.

Angilbert's poems were published by Ernst Dümmler in the Monumenta Germaniae Historica. For criticisms of this edition, see Ludwig Traube in Max Roediger's Schriften für germanische Philologie. "St. Angilbert", Abiquiú, New Mexico: Monastery of Christ in the Desert, 1998, archived from the original on 11 June 2015. Baynes, T. S. ed. "St Angilbert", Encyclopædia Britannica, 2, New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, p. 29 Frassetto, Michael, "St. Angilbert", Encyclopedia of Barbarian Europe, Santa Barbara, California: ABC-CLIO, p. 32, ISBN 978-1576072639 Thurston, Herbert, "St. Angilbert", in Herbermann, Catholic Encyclopedia, New York: Robert Appleton Company. Wilmot-Buxton, E. M. Alcuin, New York: P. J. Kennedy & Sons This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. "Angilbert", Encyclopædia Britannica, 2, Cambridge University Press, p. 9 A. Molinier, Les Sources de l'histoire de France

Festuca paradoxa

Festuca paradoxa, the cluster fescue, is a cool-season grass native to Canada and the Continental United States. Like other cool-season grasses, it grows during the spring and fall, remains dormant for the rest of the year; this helps maintain ground cover before the warm season grasses begin to grow and after they die off. Cluster fescue grows in bunches, it does not have rhizomes. The leaves vary between 4 and 10. It's panicles droop towards the ground as they ripen. Cluster fescue grows in a wide variety of places - wet to dry-mesic prairies, it grows in glades. It is found throughout the midwest to the east coast. However, it is abundant in natural stands, is not well known; the Native Plants program at Lincoln University has collaborated with the University of Missouri Extension and the U. S. D. A. Forest Service to inform the public about the benefits of planting cool-season grasses. At Lincoln University's George Washington Carver Farm in Jefferson City, several species of native cool-season grass are displayed, such as Junegrass and Cluster fescue

Hulu Kelang (state constituency)

Hulu Kelang is a state constituency in Selangor, represented in the Selangor State Legislative Assembly since 1986. The state constituency was created in the 1984 redistribution and is mandated to return a single member to the Selangor State Legislative Assembly under the first past the post voting system. Since 2008, the State Assemblyman for Hulu Kelang is Saari Sungib from the Parti Amanah Negara, part of the state's ruling coalition, Pakatan Harapan. 2004–2016: The constituency contains the polling districts of Bandar Melawati, Kelang Gate, Taman Melawati, Hulu Kelang, Taman Permata, Keramat Tengah AU 4, AU3 Rumah Teres, Sri Keramat AU 2A, Keramat AU 1, Keramat Pangsa, Kuala Ampang, Melawati Jalan F & H, Lembah Keramat AU 5C, Desa Keramat AU 2B & AU 2C, Lembah Keramat AU 5D, Keramat AU 1B, Ukay Perdana, AU3 Rumah Pangsa, Melawati Jalan G. E. C. 2016–present: The constituency contains the polling districts of Bandar Melawati, Kelang Gate, Taman Melawati, Hulu Kelang, Taman Permata, Keramat Tengah AU 4, AU3 Rumah Teres, Sri Keramat AU 2A, Keramat AU 1, Keramat Pangsa, Kuala Ampang, Melawati Jalan F & H, Lembah Keramat AU 5C, Desa Keramat AU 2B & AU 2C, Lembah Keramat AU 5D, Keramat AU 1B, Ukay Perdana, AU3 Rumah Pangsa, Melawati Jalan G.

E. C. "Keputusan Pilihan Raya Suruhanjaya Pilihan Raya". Election Commission of Malaysia. Archived from the original on 2016-04-24. Retrieved 2016-05-21

Amy Nielsen

Amy Nielsen is a Democratic member of the Iowa House of Representatives. She has represented the 77th district, which encompasses the cities of North Liberty, Oxford, Swisher and Lone Tree as well as rural areas surrounding Iowa City to the west and south, since January 2017. Prior to her election to the House, she was Mayor of North Liberty from November 2014 to December 2016. Nielsen was born in Keokuk, Iowa in 1978. Due to her father's job in the auto industry, the family moved to Tennessee for a brief time before relocating back to the Iowan community of Hills outside of Iowa City, where both of her parents ended up working for local banks, she attended Iowa City West High School, graduating in 1995. After two years at Kirkwood Community College and her husband left Iowa and began to move around the country for his job at Kimberly Clark. Now a stay-at-home mother of three children and her family made it back to Iowa, settling down in the growing community of North Liberty. There, she began serving on the PTO of her children's school and worked on a revenue purpose campaign with the Iowa City School District.

She headed multiple campaigns from local school board up to county commissioner and organized a "walking school bus" project for kids. Nielsen sat on the board of directors for the North Liberty Community Pantry and served as member of the Iowa City Community School District's Equity Advisory Committee; this experience motivated her to apply for a city council seat that had opened up upon the passing of North Liberty's mayor. Although she wasn't selected, she decided to run for mayor the following year. Despite her relative inexperience and her opponent's stellar record of 15 years public service, Nielsen won with 55% of the vote. In 2015, when Sally Stutsman announced that she would not seek reelection, House leadership reached out to Nielsen, who declined. However, after reconsideration, she agreed and decided to launch a campaign around school funding, she ran against Royce Phillips. She recorded a video in support of Cory 2020,When he was mayor of Newark, Cory was able to bring people together to accomplish things...

As a former mayor myself, I know the types of tough decisions that you must make when you are the city's Chief Executive Officer, how that prepares you to tackle big things in the future

Further research is needed

The phrases "further research is needed", "more research is needed" and other variants are used in research papers. The cliché is so common that it has attracted research and cultural commentary; some research journals have banned the phrase "more research is needed" on the grounds that it is redundant. A 2004 metareview by the Cochrane collaboration of their own systematic medical reviews found that 93% of the reviews studied made indiscriminate FRIN-like statements, reducing their ability to guide future research; the presence of FRIN had no correlation with the strength of the evidence against the medical intervention. Authors who thought a treatment was useless were just as to recommend researching it further. Indeed, authors may recommend "further research" when, given the existing evidence, further research would be unlikely to be approved by an ethics committee. Studies finding that a treatment has no noticeable effects are sometimes greeted with statements that "more research is needed" by those convinced that the treatment is effective, but the effect has not yet been found.

Since the largest study can never rule out an infinitesimally small effect, an effect can only be shown to be insignificant, not non-existent. Trish Greenhalgh, Professor of Primary Care Health Sciences at the University of Oxford, argues that FRIN is used as a way in which a "ack of hard evidence to support the original hypothesis gets reframed as evidence that investment efforts need to be redoubled", a way to avoid upsetting hopes and vested interests, she has described FRIN as "an indicator that serious scholarly thinking on the topic has ceased", saying that "it is never the only logical conclusion that can be drawn from a set of negative, incomplete or contradictory data." Academic journal editors were banning unqualified FRIN statements as early as 1990, requiring more specific information such as what types of research were needed, what questions they ought to address. Researchers themselves have recommended that research articles detail what research is needed. Other commentators suggest that articles would benefit by assessing the value of possible further research.

Greenhalgh suggests that, because vague FRIN statements are an argument that "tomorrow's research investments should be pitched into the same patch of long grass as yesterday's", funding should be refused to those making them. She and others argue that more thought and research is needed into methods for determining where more research is needed. Both the needfulness and needlessness of further research may be overlooked; the blobbogram leading this article is from an iconic systematic review. Long after there was enough evidence to show that this treatment saved babies' lives, the evidence was not known, the treatment was not used, further research was done into the same question. After the review made the evidence better known, the treatment was used more, preventing thousands of pre-term babies from dying of infant respiratory distress syndrome. However, when the treatment was rolled out in lower- and middle-income countries, more pre-term babies died, it is thought that this may be because of a higher risk of infection, more to kill a baby in places with poor medical care and more malnourished mothers.

The current version of the review states that there is "little need" for further research into the usefulness of the treatment in higher-income countries, but further research is needed on optimal dosage and on how to best treat lower-income and higher-risk mothers. The idea that research papers always end with some variation of FRIN was described as an "old joke" in a 1999 epidemiology editorial. FRIN has been advocated as a motto for life, applicable everywhere except research papers.

Astronomical Society of Southern Africa

The Astronomical Society of Southern Africa, formed in 1922, is a widespread body consisting of both amateur and professional astronomers. The Council of ASSA meets by Skype. There are eight autonomous centres throughout Southern Africa; the Cape Astronomical Association was established in 1912, shortly after the 1910 appearance of Halley's Comet. Sydney Samuel Hough, HM Astronomer at the Cape, was chosen President. In 1918, the Johannesburg Astronomical Association was created, with RTA Innes, Union Astronomer, as President. In 1922 it was decided to merge the two Associations to form the Astronomical Society of South Africa after an invitation from the Cape Association. In 1956 the name was amended to become the Astronomical Society of Southern Africa. Membership is open to all interested persons; the Society publishes the on-line peer-reviewed journal Monthly Notes of the Astronomical Society of Southern Africa. In addition to MNASSA, the annual handbook Sky Guide Africa South is distributed to members and is available for the public.

John Caister Bennett served as president of the society for some time from 1969. Bennet discovered comet C/1969 and main-belt asteroid 4093 Bennett is named after him. Alexander F. I. Forbes discovered comet 37P/Forbes. Robert T. A. Innes, discoverer of the nearest star, Proxima Cen John Francis Skjellerup was one of the founding members of the society. A number of comets carry his name, including Comet Skjellerup-Maristany. A comet discovery by Skjellerup was one of the main reasons for the formation of the Cape Astronomical Association in 1912. Jan Christian Smuts, South African statesman, World War II leader and author of the preamble to the United Nations charter was an ordinary fee-paying member; the Gill Medal is awarded by the Council of the Society for services to astronomy with special consideration to services in southern Africa. It was first awarded in 1956 to Harold Knox Shaw; the Medal commemorates Sir David Gill, HM Astronomer at the Cape, renowned for his numerous researches in positional astronomy and geodesy, for his part in consolidating astronomical science in Southern Africa.

The medal has been awarded to: H. Knox-Shaw W. P. Hirst J. Jackson W. H. van den Bos A. W. J. Cousins R. H. Stoy W. S. Finsen J. C. Bennett see Comet Bennett A. D. Thackeray C. Papadopoulos M. W. Feast M. D. Overbeek D. S. Evans B. Warner G. Nicolson I. S. Glass L. A. G. Monard L. Cross D. O'Donoghue Various sections exist within the Society to co-ordinate the activities of special interest groups, including the running of observational programs, they consist of the Comets and Meteor Section, Dark Sky, Deep-Sky, Education & Public Communication, Double Stars, Occultations and Variable Stars. A national Symposium, organised by one of the Centres, is held every second year. Scopex, a large public outreach event, is held every year under the auspices of the Johannesburg Centre; the autonomous local centres of ASSA hold regular meetings. Centres are situated in Bloemfontein, Cape Town, Hermanus, the Garden Route, Midlands and Pretoria. Boyden Observatory South African Astronomical Observatory Southern African Large Telescope List of astronomical societies Official website Bloemfontein Centre Cape Centre Durban Centre Garden Route Centre Hermanus Centre Johannesburg Centre Pretoria Centre