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Anglo-Celtic people are descended from British and Irish people. The concept is relevant outside of Great Britain and Ireland in Australia but in Canada, the United States of America, New Zealand and South Africa, where a significant diaspora is located; the term is a combination of the combining form Anglo- and the adjective Celtic. Anglo-, meaning English is derived from the Angles, a Germanic people who settled in Britain in the middle of the first millennium; the name England originates from these people. Celtic, in this context, refers to the people of Ireland, Wales, the Isle of Man and Cornwall. Recorded usage dates as far back to at least the mid-19th century. A newspaper of the name, The Anglo-Celt, was founded in County Cavan in Ireland in 1846. In an 1869 publication, the term was contrasted with Anglo-Saxon as a more appropriate term for people of Irish and British descent worldwide: "Anglo-Saxon," as applied to the modern British people, Britannic race, I believe every impartial scholar will agree with me in thinking a gross misnomer.

For if it can be shown that there is a large Celtic element in the population of England itself, still more unquestionable is this, not only with regard to the populations the British Isles but with reference to the English-speaking peoples of America and Australasia. The English are rather Anglo-Celts than Anglo Saxons, still more is Anglo-Celtic a more accurate term than Anglo-Saxon, not only for that British nationality which includes the Scots, the Irish and the Welsh; the term lends itself to the term Anglo-Celtic Isles, an alternative term for the British Isles. Use in this term can be seen in a 1914 Irish unionist ballad: The United Anglo-Celtic Isles Will e'er be blessed by Freedoms smiles No tyrant can our homes subdue While Britons to the Celts are true; the false may clamour to betray The brave will still uphold our sway The triple-sacred flag as yet Supreme, its sun shall never set — Southern Unionist Ballad The neo-secessionist League of the South says that its mission is "to protect the historic Anglo-Celtic core culture of the South because the Scots, Irish and English have given Dixie its unique institutions and civilisation".

--> Anglo-Celtic Australian Anglo-Norman Anglo-Saxon Anglo-Celt Cup White Southerners


Abarelix, sold under the brand name Plenaxis, is an injectable gonadotropin-releasing hormone antagonist, marketed in Germany and the Netherlands. It is used in oncology to reduce the amount of testosterone made in patients with advanced symptomatic prostate cancer for which no other treatment options are available, it was marketed by Praecis Pharmaceuticals as Plenaxis, is now marketed by Speciality European Pharma in Germany after receiving a marketing authorization in 2005. The drug was introduced in the United States in 2003, but was discontinued in this country in May 2005 due to poor sales and a higher-than-expected incidence of severe allergic reactions, it remains marketed in Germany and the Netherlands however. Gonadotropin-releasing hormone receptor § Antagonists

Vivian (Paper Mario)

Vivian is a fictional character appearing in the 2004 role-playing video game Paper Mario: The Thousand-Year Door. She serves as an antagonist, but joins the protagonist Mario after he helps her. In the original Japanese release and in European translations, she is portrayed as a transgender woman, while the script in English releases was altered to portray her as a cisgender woman. Vivian has been called one of the best LGBTQ characters in video games, but the way the Japanese version of the game depicts her and her gender identity has received some criticism. Vivian is a purple, ghost-like person with pink hair, white gloves, a pink-and-white striped hat, while her two older sisters wear blue and yellow hats, she can manipulate flames. Vivian is a transgender woman, is mocked by her sisters, who misgender her and call her a cross-dresser; when Paper Mario: The Thousand-Year Door was localized to English, Vivian's status as a trans woman was changed to that of a cisgender woman, the transphobia from her sisters were changed to insults about her appearance.

In non-English localizations of the game, Vivian is still transgender. The Italian version, in particular, emphasizes her status as a trans woman by having Vivian express pride in having transitioned. Vivian first appears in the 2004 role-playing video game Paper Mario: The Thousand-Year Door, she works against the protagonist Mario and his allies as part of the Shadow Sirens, a group consisting of her and her two sisters who abuse her. She assists Mario; when she discovers who he is, she is reluctant to help him further, but decides to join him due to the abuse she suffered from her sisters and the kindness Mario showed her. By the end of the story, her sisters vow to treat her better, she appears in a cameo role in the sequel, Super Paper Mario, both as a collectible card and as a plush doll owned by a character. She appears as a collectible in Super Smash Bros. Brawl and Super Smash Bros. Ultimate. Vivian has received positive reception since her appearance in Paper Mario: The Thousand-Year Door.

Nintendojo writer Mel Turnquist included Vivian's decision to stay by Mario's side as one of their most inspiring moments in video games due in part to being a younger sibling herself. Liberty Voice called Vivian's defection from her sisters to Mario's side relatable to children. Inverse included Vivian in a series where they discuss potential Super Smash Bros. inclusions, expressing hope that she is included instead of a more traditional choice like Paper Mario. She has received particular attention for her status as a transgender character. IGN included Vivian in their list of favorite LGBTQ+ characters, they praised Vivian for not being defined by her status as a trans person, though expressed disappointment in the change from trans woman to cis woman in the English releases due to Vivian being one of few quality trans characters in video games. Drag queen Daphne J. Sumtimez listed Vivian as one of her idols. In their essay on transgender characters, authors Emil Christenson and Danielle Unéus discuss Vivian and how her femininity is designed.

They mention Vivian's bent wrists and frequent smiling as feminine qualities that she displays. They bring up the pink color of her hat, noting that the contrast between her sisters may be intentional to heighten her femininity, they acknowledge the transphobia Vivian receives, but comment that it is depicted negatively due to her sisters being villains. Author Nicholas Taylor includes her in a section on transgender characters in the book Queerness in Play, discussing how Vivian's role in the narrative can help players understand their experiences with gender and expression; some critics were displeased with how Vivian's gender was presented in the Japanese version, however. VG247 felt. Writer Laura Kate Dale was critical of dialogue in the game that stated she was at one time male, feeling it suggested she was not female. In their breakdown of LGBTQ+ representation in video games, writers Quincy Nolan and Ian Laih-Nolan included Vivian criticizing the language used in the Japanese version to describe her but noting that it does not take away from her "gender-bending presence."

Vivian has been compared to fellow trans Nintendo character Birdo, misgendered in some games and had her trans identity removed in English localizations

8-pounder short gun

The 8-pounder short gun was a light calibre piece of artillery mounted on French warships of the Age of sail. They were used as main guns on light ships of the early 19th century, on the quarterdeck and forecastle of ships of the line, they were similar in design to the Canon de 8 Gribeauval. The 8-pounder was the heaviest of the light guns; as the short variant was light, it could be mounted on the upper gun posts of ships of the line, where the timber of the deck was too light to support larger guns, without jeopardising the stability of the ship. It was used on frigates and corvettes, as an addition to the larger guns of the main battery. Mounted on the sides of the ships, the 8-pounders reinforced the weight of the broadside. A long version of the same gun, the 8-pounder long gun, could be mounted at the bow or stern, parallel to the axis of the ship, used as a chase gun. Jean Boudriot et Hubert Berti, L'Artillerie de mer: marine française 1650-1850, Paris, éditions Ancre, 1992. Jean Peter, L'artillerie et les fonderies de la marine sous Louis XIV, Economica, 1995, 213 p

Josh James

Josh James is an American entrepreneur, founder and CEO of Domo, a software-as-a-service company. He previously co-founded and served as CEO of Omniture, a web analytics company. James did not graduate. Before co-founding Omniture, James co-founded an interactive agency and two other businesses, which were subsequently sold to WebMediaBrands and Verisign. James founded Silicon Slopes, a private-sector initiative that promotes the interests of the high-tech industry in Utah. James took Omniture public on the Nasdaq in 2006. In 2009 he sold the company to Adobe for US$1.8 billion. From 2006 to 2009 – the three years that Omniture was public – James was the youngest CEO of a Nasdaq or New York Stock Exchange-traded company. James rang the bell of the Nasdaq as Domo went public in 2018, he sits on the Board of Advisors. In 2017 and 2018 his company, landed on the Inc. 5000 and Deloitte Technology Fast 500 lists of the fastest growing companies in North America. In 2018, Domo was named a Best Companies to Work For by Utah Business Magazine for the 7th consecutive year.

James was named to Utah Valley BusinessQ's Hall of Fame. In 2017, his company was named a CNBC Disruptor 50 and in 2015, it was named a World Economic Forum Tech Pioneer. In 2012, Mountain West Capital Network named James Entrepreneur of the Year. On June 27, 2012, James and Domo, Inc. received the Utah Valley Business Q "2012 UV50 TOP 10 Startups To Watch" award. James was featured as #26 on Fortune 40 under 40 in 2009 and #1 on Fortune 40 under 40 "Ones to Watch" in 2011, he received the 2006 Ernst & Young Entrepreneur of the Year Award and was named Technology Entrepreneur of the Decade by Brigham Young University. On November 30, 2012, James was inducted into the Utah Technology Hall of Fame. James is the oldest of six children and moved growing up due to his father's occupation in the military and in aviation. James served a two-year mission in Tokyo for The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, he had roles as a child actor, which included appearing in episodes of Touched by an Angel and in a Kellogg's Honey Smacks breakfast cereal commercial.

Official website

Vanessa cardui

Vanessa cardui is a well-known colourful butterfly, known as the painted lady, or in North America as the cosmopolitan. Male and female. Upperside. Ground-colour reddish-ochreous, basal areas olivescent-ochreous-brown. Hind-wing with a blackish patch from the costal vein across end of cell, a confluent recurved discal band, a submarginal row of lunules, a marginal row of somewhat scutiform spots. Underside. Forewing brighter reddish-ochreous, the apical area and outer margin much paler, the apex being olivescent ochreous-brown. Hindwing transversely-marbled with olivescent speckled with black scales. Body olivescent ochreous-brown, abdomen with ochreous bands. V. cardui is one of the most widespread of all butterflies, found on every continent except Antarctica and South America. In Australia, V. cardui has a limited range around Bunbury and Rottnest Island. However, its close relative, the Australian painted lady ranges over half the continent. Other related species are the American painted lady and the West Coast lady.

V. cardui occurs in any temperate zone, including mountains in the tropics. The species is resident only in warmer areas, but migrates in spring, sometimes again in autumn, it migrates from North Africa and the Mediterranean to Britain and Europe in May and June, from the Red Sea basin, via Israel and Cyprus, to Turkey in March and April. For decades, naturalists have debated whether the offspring of these immigrants make a southwards return migration. Research suggests that British painted ladies do undertake an autumn migration, making 14,500 km round trip from tropical Africa to the Arctic Circle in a series of steps by up to six successive generations; the Radar Entomology Unit at Rothamsted Research provided evidence that autumn migrations take place at high altitude, which explains why these migrations are witnessed. In recent years, thanks to the activity of The Worldwide Painted Lady Migration citizen science project, led by the Barcelona-based Institute of Evolutionary Biology, the huge range of migration has begun to be revealed.

For example, some butterflies migrated from Iceland to the Sahara desert, further south. V. Cardui is known for its distinct migratory behaviour. In California, they are seen flying from north to north-west; these migrations appear to be initiated by heavy winter rains in the desert where rainfall controls the growth of larval food plants. Heavier than usual rain during the 2018-2019 winter seems to have been the cause of the extraordinarily large migration observed in Israel at the end of March, estimated at a billion individual butterflies. Painted lady migration patterns are erratic and they do not migrate every year; some evidence suggests that global climatic events, such as el Niño, may affect the migratory behaviour of the painted lady butterflies, causing large-scale migrations. The first noticeable wave of migration in eastern Ukraine was noted in the 20s of April 2019. From May 15, numbers began to grow and it was possible to observe hundreds of this species in the Kharkiv region of Ukraine, including in the city streets of Kharkiv.

Based on experimental data, the painted lady's migration pattern in northern Europe does not follow a strict north-west heading. The range of headings suggests that migrating butterflies may adjust their migration patterns in response to local topographical features and weather, such as strong wind patterns. Laboratory-raised autumn-generation painted lady butterflies were able to distinguish a southern orientation for a return migration path. According to the same laboratory-based study, when butterflies were isolated from the sun, they were unable to orient themselves in a specific direction, opposed to those that did have access to the sun; this suggests that V. cardui requires a direct view of the sky, implying the use of a solar compass to orient its migratory direction and maintain a straight flight path. V. cardui displays a unique system of continuous mating, throughout all seasons, including the winter. This may be attributed to its migratory patterns, thus affecting its mating behaviour.

During European migrations, the butterflies begin to mate and lay eggs upon arrival in the Mediterranean in the spring, starting in late May. In the United States, painted lady butterflies migrating towards the north experience poor m