Glam metal is a subgenre of heavy metal, which features pop-influenced hooks and guitar riffs, borrows from the fashion of 1970s glam rock. Glam metal is performed by music acts like Alice Cooper, Cheap Trick, Kiss, Mötley Crüe, Van Halen, it arose in the late 1970s and early 1980s in the United States on the Los Angeles Sunset Strip music scene, pioneered by bands such as Mötley Crüe, Quiet Riot, Twisted Sister, Def Leppard, Bon Jovi, Dokken. It is popularity has risen since the early 2010s with bands like Steel Panther and was popular throughout the mid-late 1980s, early 1990s bringing to prominence bands including Poison, Skid Row and Warrant. Glam metal is associated with flashy clothing and notable for an overall androgynous aesthetic. Poison, for example, have long shaggy or backcombed hair, metal studs and make-up during their live performances. Glam metal lost mainstream interest in the early 1990s as the perceived excesses of glam metal created a backlash against the genre. A factor in the decline of glam metal was the rise of grunge in the early 1990s, which had a stripped-down aesthetic and a complete rejection of the glam metal visual style.
Glam metal has returned since the late 1990s and mid 2000s with reunions of many popular acts from the genre, as well newer bands from the 2000s/2010s including the Darkness, Santa Cruz, Reckless Love and Steel Panther. Musically, glam metal combines a traditional heavy metal sound with elements of hard rock and punk rock, adding pop-influenced catchy hooks and guitar riffs. Like other heavy metal songs of the 1980s, they feature shred guitar solos, they include extensive use of harmonies in the characteristic power ballads – slow, emotional songs that build to a strong finale. These were among the most commercially successful singles in the genre and opened it up to a wider audience that would not have been attracted to traditional heavy metal. Lyrical themes deal with love and lust, with songs directed at a particular woman. Aesthetically glam metal draws on the glam rock or glitter rock of the 1970s with long backcombed hair, use of hair spray, use of make-up, gaudy clothing and accessories.
The visual aspects of glam metal appealed to music television producers MTV, whose establishment coincided with the rise of the genre. Glam metal performers became infamous for their debauched lifestyles of drugs and late-night parties, which were covered in the tabloid press. Sociologist Deena Weinstein points to the large number of terms used to describe more commercial forms of heavy metal, which she groups together as lite metal; these include, beside glam metal: melodic metal, false metal, poodle bands, nerf metal, pop metal or metal pop, the last of, coined by critic Philip Bashe in 1983 to describe bands such as Van Halen and Def Leppard. AllMusic distinguishes pop metal, which refers to the whole pop-tinted hard rock and heavy metal scene of the 1980s, from hair metal, the characteristics of which are flashy clothing and heavy makeup. Use of the derogatory term hair metal started in the early 1990s, as grunge gained popularity at the expense of 1980s metal. In the "definitive metal family tree" of his documentary Metal: A Headbanger's Journey, anthropologist Sam Dunn differentiates pop metal, which includes bands like Def Leppard and Whitesnake, from glam metal bands that include Mötley Crüe and Poison.
Music journalist Stephen Davis claims the influences of the style can be traced back to acts like Kiss, Cheap Trick, the New York Dolls. Kiss and to a lesser extent Alice Cooper, were major influences on the genre. Finnish band Hanoi Rocks influenced themselves by the New York Dolls, have been credited with setting a blueprint for the look of hair metal. Van Halen has been seen as influential on the movement, emerging in 1978 from the Los Angeles music scene on Sunset Strip, with a sound based around the lead guitar skills of Eddie Van Halen, he popularized a playing technique of two‐handed hammer‐ons and pull‐offs called tapping, showcased on the song "Eruption" from the album Van Halen. This sound, lead singer David Lee Roth's stage antics, would be influential on glam metal, although Van Halen would never adopt a glam aesthetic. Def Leppard categorized with the New Wave of British heavy metal, released their second album High'n' Dry in 1981, mixing glam rock with heavy metal, helping to define the sound of hard rock for the decade.
In the early 1980s, bands from across the United States began to move towards what would become the glam metal sound. In 1981, Mötley Crüe released their first album Too Fast for Love, Dokken released their first album, Breaking the Chains, Kix released their first album, Kix. In 1982, Night Ranger released their initial album Dawn Patrol which reached the top 40 in the United States.1983 was the breakout year for glam metal: Quiet Riot's Metal Health was the first glam metal album, arguably the first heavy metal album, to reach number one in the Billboard charts. It helped open the doors for mainstream success by subsequent metal bands. Additionally, Night Ranger's second album in 1983 Midnight Madness was a breakthrough that included the top five single "Sister Christian". In 1983, a larger wave of glam metal albums began appearing.
The Scream (band)
The Scream was a Los Angeles-based hard rock band formed in 1989 as Saints Or Sinners. The band featured former Angora singer John Corabi and former Racer X members guitarist Bruce Bouillet, bassist Juan Alderete, drummer Scott Travis. However, Scott Travis left to join Judas Priest, was replaced by former Shark Island drummer Walt Woodward III. Scott Travis co-wrote "I Don't Care" on Let It Scream, though he didn't play on the album, they changed their name from Saints Or Sinners to The Scream shortly after Walt Woodward III replaced Scott Travis. Many of the songs on their 1991 debut Let It Scream were performed by the band in concert before the album was recorded. After releasing their 1991 debut Let It Scream on Hollywood Records, which included the single "I Believe in Me," Corabi left the band to replace the departed Vince Neil in Mötley Crüe; the Scream recruited former Dashboard Mary singer Billy Fogarty and recorded their second album, Takin' It To The Next Level, but were dropped from the record label before the album could be released.
The Scream split up and Fogarty and Alderete went on to form a brief musical project with John Moore and drummer Abe Laboriel, Jr. called DC-10, which recorded and released the album Co-Burn. John Corabi joined Mötley Crüe after Vince Neil's departure and recorded the self-titled 1994 album with the band. However, poor sales and inadequate tour support resulted in Vince Neil's return to the band. Corabi has played in many bands since, including Ratt, Union and E. S. P. A covers band with other big names Bruce Kulick, Chuck Garrick and Karl Cochran. Since February 2015, John has joined The Dead Daisies. Walt Woodward III died on June 2010 of alcohol poisoning. John Corabi - vocals, acoustic guitar Billy Fogarty - vocals Bruce Bouillet - guitars Juan Alderete - bass guitars, backing vocals Scott Travis - drums Walt Woodward III - drums, backing vocals Let It Scream Takin' It To The Next Level In 1992 they released the single "Young And Dumb" for the movie "Encino Man". Http://www.racerxband.com/scream.htm The Racer X tribute to The Scream http://www.sleazeroxx.com/bands/scream/scream.shtml The Scream, on Sleaze Roxx
Led Zeppelin were an English rock band formed in London in 1968. The group consisted of guitarist Jimmy Page, singer Robert Plant, bassist/keyboardist John Paul Jones, drummer John Bonham. Along with Black Sabbath and Deep Purple, the band's heavy, guitar-driven sound has led them to be cited as one of the progenitors of heavy metal, their style drew from a wide variety of influences, including blues and folk music. After changing their name from the New Yardbirds, Led Zeppelin signed a deal with Atlantic Records that afforded them considerable artistic freedom. Although the group were unpopular with critics, they achieved significant commercial success with eight studio albums released over eleven years, from Led Zeppelin to In Through the Out Door, their untitled fourth studio album known as Led Zeppelin IV and featuring the song "Stairway to Heaven", is among the most popular and influential works in rock music, it helped to secure the group's popularity. Page wrote most of Led Zeppelin's music early in their career, while Plant supplied the lyrics.
Jones' keyboard-based compositions became central to the group's catalogue, which featured increasing experimentation. The latter half of their career saw a series of record-breaking tours that earned the group a reputation for excess and debauchery. Although they remained commercially and critically successful, their output and touring schedule were limited during the late 1970s, the group disbanded following Bonham's death from alcohol-related asphyxia in 1980. In the decades that followed, the surviving members sporadically collaborated and participated in one-off Led Zeppelin reunions; the most successful of these was the 2007 Ahmet Ertegun Tribute Concert in London, with Jason Bonham taking his late father's place behind the drums. Many critics consider Led Zeppelin to be one of the most successful and influential rock groups in history, they are one of the best-selling music artists in the history of audio recording. With RIAA-certified sales of 111.5 million units, they are the third-best-selling band in the US.
Each of their nine studio albums placed in the top 10 of the Billboard album chart and six reached the number-one spot. They achieved eight consecutive UK number-one albums. Rolling Stone magazine described them as "the heaviest band of all time", "the biggest band of the Seventies", "unquestionably one of the most enduring bands in rock history", they were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1995. In 1966, London-based session guitarist Jimmy Page joined the blues-influenced rock band the Yardbirds to replace bassist Paul Samwell-Smith. Page soon switched from bass to lead guitar. Following Beck's departure in October 1966, the Yardbirds, tired from constant touring and recording, began to wind down. Page wanted to form a supergroup with him and Beck on guitars, the Who's Keith Moon and John Entwistle on drums and bass, respectively. Vocalists Steve Winwood and Steve Marriott were considered for the project; the group never formed, although Page and Moon did record a song together in 1966, "Beck's Bolero", in a session that included bassist-keyboardist John Paul Jones.
The Yardbirds played their final gig in July 1968 at Luton College of Technology in Bedfordshire. They were still committed to several concerts in Scandinavia, so drummer Jim McCarty and vocalist Keith Relf authorised Page and bassist Chris Dreja to use "the Yardbirds" name to fulfill the band's obligations. Page and Dreja began putting a new line-up together. Page's first choice for the lead singer was Terry Reid, but Reid declined the offer and suggested Robert Plant, a singer for the Band of Joy and Hobbstweedle. Plant accepted the position, recommending former Band of Joy drummer John Bonham. John Paul Jones inquired about the vacant position of bass guitarist at the suggestion of his wife after Dreja dropped out of the project to become a photographer. Page had known Jones since they were both session musicians and agreed to let him join as the final member; the four played together for the first time in a room below a record store on Gerrard Street in London. Page suggested that they attempt "Train Kept A-Rollin'" a jump blues song popularised in a rockabilly version by Johnny Burnette, covered by the Yardbirds.
"As soon as I heard John Bonham play", Jones recalled, "I knew this was going to be great... We locked together as a team immediately". Before leaving for Scandinavia, the group took part in a recording session for the P. J. Proby album, Three Week Hero; the album's track "Jim's Blues", with Plant on harmonica, was the first studio track to feature all four future members of Led Zeppelin. The band completed the Scandinavian tour as the New Yardbirds, playing together for the first time in front of a live audience at Gladsaxe Teen Clubs in Gladsaxe, Denmark, on 7 September 1968; that month, they began recording their first album, based on their live set. The album was recorded and mixed in nine days, Page covered the costs. After the album's completion, the band were forced to change their name after Dreja issued a cease and desist letter, stating that Page was allowed to use the New Yardbirds moniker for the Scandinavian dates only. One account of how the new band's name was chosen held that Moon and Entwistle had suggested that a supergroup with Page and Beck would go down like a "lead balloon", an idiom for disastrous results.
The group dropped the'a' in lead at the suggestion
MusicBrainz is a project that aims to create an open data music database, similar to the freedb project. MusicBrainz was founded in response to the restrictions placed on the Compact Disc Database, a database for software applications to look up audio CD information on the Internet. MusicBrainz has expanded its goals to reach beyond a compact disc metadata storehouse to become a structured open online database for music. MusicBrainz captures information about artists, their recorded works, the relationships between them. Recorded works entries capture at a minimum the album title, track titles, the length of each track; these entries are maintained by volunteer editors. Recorded works can store information about the release date and country, the CD ID, cover art, acoustic fingerprint, free-form annotation text and other metadata; as of 21 September 2018, MusicBrainz contained information about 1.4 million artists, 2 million releases, 19 million recordings. End-users can use software that communicates with MusicBrainz to add metadata tags to their digital media files, such as FLAC, MP3, Ogg Vorbis or AAC.
MusicBrainz allows contributors to upload cover art images of releases to the database. Internet Archive provides the bandwidth and legal protection for hosting the images, while MusicBrainz stores metadata and provides public access through the web and via an API for third parties to use; as with other contributions, the MusicBrainz community is in charge of maintaining and reviewing the data. Cover art is provided for items on sale at Amazon.com and some other online resources, but CAA is now preferred because it gives the community more control and flexibility for managing the images. Besides collecting metadata about music, MusicBrainz allows looking up recordings by their acoustic fingerprint. A separate application, such as MusicBrainz Picard, must be used for this. In 2000, MusicBrainz started using Relatable's patented TRM for acoustic fingerprint matching; this feature allowed the database to grow quickly. However, by 2005 TRM was showing scalability issues as the number of tracks in the database had reached into the millions.
This issue was resolved in May 2006 when MusicBrainz partnered with MusicIP, replacing TRM with MusicDNS. TRMs were phased out and replaced by MusicDNS in November 2008. In October 2009 MusicIP was acquired by AmpliFIND; some time after the acquisition, the MusicDNS service began having intermittent problems. Since the future of the free identification service was uncertain, a replacement for it was sought; the Chromaprint acoustic fingerprinting algorithm, the basis for AcoustID identification service, was started in February 2010 by a long-time MusicBrainz contributor Lukáš Lalinský. While AcoustID and Chromaprint are not MusicBrainz projects, they are tied with each other and both are open source. Chromaprint works by analyzing the first two minutes of a track, detecting the strength in each of 12 pitch classes, storing these 8 times per second. Additional post-processing is applied to compress this fingerprint while retaining patterns; the AcoustID search server searches from the database of fingerprints by similarity and returns the AcoustID identifier along with MusicBrainz recording identifiers if known.
Since 2003, MusicBrainz's core data are in the public domain, additional content, including moderation data, is placed under the Creative Commons CC-BY-NC-SA-2.0 license. The relational database management system is PostgreSQL; the server software is covered by the GNU General Public License. The MusicBrainz client software library, libmusicbrainz, is licensed under the GNU Lesser General Public License, which allows use of the code by proprietary software products. In December 2004, the MusicBrainz project was turned over to the MetaBrainz Foundation, a non-profit group, by its creator Robert Kaye. On 20 January 2006, the first commercial venture to use MusicBrainz data was the Barcelona, Spain-based Linkara in their Linkara Música service. On 28 June 2007, BBC announced that it has licensed MusicBrainz's live data feed to augment their music Web pages; the BBC online music editors will join the MusicBrainz community to contribute their knowledge to the database. On 28 July 2008, the beta of the new BBC Music site was launched, which publishes a page for each MusicBrainz artist.
Amarok – KDE audio player Banshee – multi-platform audio player Beets – automatic CLI music tagger/organiser for Unix-like systems Clementine – multi-platform audio player CDex – Microsoft Windows CD ripper Demlo – a dynamic and extensible music manager using a CLI iEatBrainz – Mac OS X deprecated foo_musicbrainz component for foobar2000 – Music Library/Audio Player Jaikoz – Java mass tag editor Max – Mac OS X CD ripper and audio transcoder Mp3tag – Windows metadata editor and music organizer MusicBrainz Picard – cross-platform album-oriented tag editor MusicBrainz Tagger – deprecated Microsoft Windows tag editor puddletag – a tag editor for PyQt under the GPLv3 Rhythmbox music player – an audio player for Unix-like systems Sound Juicer – GNOME CD ripper Zortam Mp3 Media Studio – Windows music organizer and ID3 Tag Editor. Freedb clients can access MusicBrainz data through the freedb protocol by using the MusicBrainz to FreeDB gateway service, mb2freedb. List of online music databases Making Metadata: The Case of Mus
Judas Priest are an English heavy metal band formed in West Bromwich in 1969. The band has sold over 50 million copies of their albums to date, they are ranked as one of the greatest metal bands of all time. Despite an innovative and pioneering body of work in the latter half of the 1970s, the band struggled with indifferent record production and lack of major commercial success or attention until 1980, when they adopted a more simplified sound on the album British Steel, which helped shoot them to rock superstar status; the band's membership has seen much turnover, including a revolving cast of drummers in the 1970s, the temporary departure of singer Rob Halford in the early 1990s. The current line-up consists of Halford, bassist Ian Hill, guitarists Glenn Tipton and Richie Faulkner, drummer Scott Travis; the band's best-selling album is 1982's Screaming for Vengeance with their most commercially successful line-up, featuring Hill, Tipton, guitarist K. K. Downing, drummer Dave Holland. Tipton and Hill are the only two members of the band to appear on every album.
Halford's operatic vocal style and the twin guitar sound of Downing and Tipton have been a major influence on metal and have been adopted by many bands. Their image of leather and other taboo articles of clothing were influential during the glam metal era of the 1980s; the Guardian referred to British Steel as the record. Despite a decline in exposure during the mid 1990s, the band has once again seen a resurgence, including worldwide tours, being inaugural inductees into the VH1 Rock Honors in 2006, receiving a Grammy Award for Best Metal Performance in 2010, their songs featured in video games such as Guitar Hero and the Rock Band series. Judas Priest formed in 1969 in industrial West Bromwich, in the Black Country, by vocalist Al Atkins and bassist Brian "Bruno" Stapenhill, with John Perry on guitar and John "Fezza" Partridge on drums. Perry soon died in a road accident, amongst the replacements the band auditioned were future Judas Priest guitarist Kenny "K. K." Downing. Stapenhill came up with the name Judas Priest from Bob Dylan's song "The Ballad of Frankie Lee and Judas Priest" on the album John Wesley Harding.
No member of that early line-up lasted long enough to play on the band's recordings, though several songs co-written by Atkins appeared on their first two albums. The band gained a three-album recording contract with the label Immediate in late 1969 after a gig in Walsall, but the label went out of business before an album could be recorded, the band split in 1970. Late in the year, Atkins found a heavy rock band rehearsing without a singer called Freight, made up of K. K. Downing on guitar, his childhood friend Ian "Skull" Hill on bass, drummer John Ellis, he joined them, they took on Atkins' defunct band's name. Their first gig was on 6 March 1971. Ellis quit that year and was replaced with Alan Moore. Early shows included Hendrix and Quatermass covers, in 1972 the set list included the originals "Never Satisfied", "Winter", the show-closer "Caviar and Meths". Moore left and was replaced with Christopher Louis "Congo" Campbell, the band joined Black Sabbath guitarist Tony Iommi's management agency Iommi Management Agency.
Atkins continued to write material for the band—including "Whiskey Woman", which became the base for the Judas Priest staple "Victim of Changes"—but as finances were tight and he had a family to support, he played his last gigs with the band in December 1972. Campbell left soon afterwards, the band enlisted two members of the band Hiroshima: drummer John Hinch and vocalist Rob Halford, the brother of Hill's girlfriend. Judas Priest made their first tour of continental Europe in early 1974 and returned to England that April to sign a recording deal with the label Gull. Gull suggested adding a fifth member to fill in the band's sound. A precursor of The Flying Hat Band called Shave'Em Dry featured future Starfighters drummer Barry Scrannage, who had played with original Priest members Ernest Chataway and Bruno Stapenhill in the band Bullion. Judas Priest went into the studio in June–July 1974 with Black Sabbath producer Rodger Bain; the band released their debut single "Rocka Rolla" that August and followed in September with an album of the same name.
The album features a variety of styles—straight-up rock, heavy riffing, progressive. Technical problems during the recording contributed to the poor sound quality of the record. Producer Rodger Bain, whose resume included Black Sabbath's first three albums as well as Budgie's first album, dominated the production of the album and made decisions with which the band did not agree. Bain chose to leave fan favourites from the band's live set, such as "Tyrant", "Genocide" and "The Ripper", off the album and he cut the song "Caviar and Meths" from a 10-minute song down to a 2-minute instrumental; the tour for Rocka Rolla was Judas Priest's first international tour with dates in Germany, the Netherlands and Denmark including one show at Hotel Klubben in Tønsberg, one hour from Oslo, which scored them a somewhat negative review in the local press. The album flopped upon release. Priest attempted to secure a deal with Gull Records to get a monthly pay of 50 pounds, because Gull Records were struggling as well, they declined.
Rocka Rolla has been for the most part dismissed by the band and none of its songs were played live after 1976 except for "Neve
Juan Alderete de la Peña is a Mexican-American musician, best known as the longtime bassist of Racer X and the Mars Volta. Alderete was born in Los Angeles, CA the fourth of five children. In the 70s, the Alderete family moved the San Francisco Bay Area, he was exposed to jazz music on a weekly basis by his father, who played it around the Alderete household. Alderete's other early influences included his brother's progressive rock albums, which included bands such as Yes, King Crimson, etc, he started learning the basics of the bass guitar when he was 16, was influenced by such players as Jaco Pastorius, Geddy Lee, Stanley Clarke. His fascination with the bass guitar revolved around it being a somewhat "underappreciated" instrument at the time. Alderete enrolled in Musicians Institute in Hollywood, he enjoyed his time in the school, explaining that he was able to learn techniques and styles that he had never considered prior to his enrollment. Alderete and fellow student Paul Gilbert started their musical relationship during an audition that Alderete held to find a drummer.
Alderete showed up at the audition, bringing a Musician's Institute student and drum-playing friend named Bill Lescohier. Although Lescohier was turned down for the part, Gilbert was impressed with Alderete's bass playing. To complete the band, Harry Gschoesser joined to fill the drummer position, Jeff Martin became the vocalist. With this lineup, the band released their debut album, Street Lethal, in 1986. Alderete has been recording with Racer X since, their latest album was released in 2002, titled Getting Heavier. Alderete is credited as John Alderete on all Racer X albums. However, four years after the creation of the band, Gilbert left Racer X to form the band Mr. Big; the remaining members of Racer X decided to stay active in music, although they went their separate ways. For the next ten years, Alderete would be involved in several different bands as well as becoming an instructor at Musicians Institute. Not long after, he released his first instructional video on bass modulation. Although Extreme Volume II: Live was released in 1992, Racer X was not reunited.
That year, Paul Gilbert was touring with Mr. Big, Alderete was recording with a hard rock band called The Scream. In actuality, the album was just a compilation of songs that were recorded in concerts before the hiatus. However, around 1999, Alderete got a telephone call from Paul Gilbert, who asked if there was any possibility of recording another Racer X album. Juan agreed, Racer X reunited to record Technical Difficulties, which features new material as well as older songs that were never recorded. In 2003, while working as a radio producer, Alderete received a call from Omar Rodríguez-López of The Mars Volta while on their European tour with an offer to audition for the band: He went on to record Frances The Mute with them in 2004, has played bass on every Mars Volta album since, as well as a number of solo albums by Omar Rodríguez-López. Since joining the band, he has played at Madison Square Garden and was featured on the front cover of the March 2005 issue of Bass Player Magazine. Aside from The Mars Volta, Alderete has been invested in his own musical projects.
Big Sir is singer Lisa Papineau that has released four albums. Vato Negro is a group with a revolving door of musicians. Alderete has played shows in California and Fuji Rock Festival in Japan. In addition, Alderete co-produced the film The Sentimental Engine Slayer with Rodríguez-López and former Mars Volta bandmate Paul Hinojos. After The Mars Volta broke up in 2013, Alderete joined vocalist Cedric-Bixler Zavala in his new band and became the touring bassist for Deltron 3030. Juan runs a website dedicated to showcasing effects pedals and other musical gear called PedalsAndEffects.com. On November 5, 2017. Alderete filled in bass for Marilyn Manson at the Ozzfest Meets Knotfest festival, replacing longtime bassist Jeordie White, a.k.a. Twiggy Ramirez, he has been Manson's bass player on tour since. Alderete lives in Los Angeles with Anne. On May 1, 2007, Alderete announced that he had been diagnosed with polycythemia vera, a rare blood disease; however he mentioned that he is feeling fine, will experience no side effects from the medication, will continue to play music.
Since discovering his condition, Alderete had agreed to become a spokesman for the MPD Foundation. Influenced by players like Jaco Pastorius, Alderete's main playing technique is to use the "standard" fingers to pluck the strings with his right hand, he uses Dunlop Gel picks, as well as his signature picks. He is known to use two-handed tapping techniques and slapping/popping. 1971 Fretless Fender Precision Bass 1973 Fender Precision Bass 1977 Fender Jazz Bass 1986 Fender Jazz Bass 1964 Fender Jazz Bass Fender Geddy Lee Jazz bass guitarsIn 2007, Alderete sold some of his Fender bass guitars on eBay and donated money to the MPD Foundation for research on blood disorders. The Laklands that Alderete had on tour are: a white Darryl Jones Signature a black custom fretless a red Bob
Ratt is an American heavy metal band that had significant commercial success in the 1980s, with their albums having been certified as gold and multi-platinum by the RIAA. The group is best known for hit singles such as "Round and Round" and "Lay It Down", tracks that ranked on Billboard's top 40 at No. 12 and No. 40 as well as other songs such as "Wanted Man", "You're in Love" and "Dance". Along with groups such as friendly rivals Mötley Crüe, Ratt has been recognized as instrumental in the formation of the early 1980s Los Angeles glam metal scene known as "hair metal" or "pop metal"; the band has continued to tour and record following extended hiatuses and line-up changes, releasing their latest studio album, Infestation, on April 20, 2010. The origins of Ratt go as far back as 1973 in Hollywood, with a band called Firedome, founded by singer Stephen Pearcy with a few friends. In 1974 the band broke up, with Pearcy forming Crystal Pystal; the name Crystal Pystal was changed to Buster Cherry, which turned into Mickey Ratt in 1976.
Guitarist Robbin Crosby in those same years had been a member of the bands Metropolis with Tommy Asakawa and Parramore McCarty, Phenomenon, Secret Service and Mac Meda with Askawa. Mickey Ratt went through various line-up changes. Members included guitarists Jake E. Lee, Chris Hager, Paul DeNisco, Bob DeLellis, bassists Matt Thorr, Tim Garcia, Mike New and Dave Jellison, drummers John Turner, Bob Eisenberg; the various Mickey Ratt line-ups released a live concert recording. In 1980, to increase their chances of landing a recording contract with a major label, the band recorded a single called "Dr. Rock" / "Drivin' on E", given to fans at their early Los Angeles club shows. In 1981, the band's name was shortened to Ratt. Crosby played with the band in the year. Guitarist Warren DeMartini, recommended by Lee, joined the band in January 1982. Bassist Gene Hunter and drummer Khurt Maier temporarily played in Ratt before the arrival of Bobby Blotzer and Juan Croucier. DeMartini was only 18 years old.
At the time he was attending college in San Diego and was reluctant to drop out to join a band that had, so far, had only limited success. Marq Torien replaced DeMartini, though he returned in time for the recording of their first EP in 1982. In July 1983, Ratt signed with recording label Time Coast Music; that same year, Time Coast released in the United States the band's 6-track debut EP titled Ratt. Newly formed independent UK label Music for Nations released a 7-track version of the EP in Europe, which included the additional track "You're in Trouble"; the self-titled independent EP was well-received and brought the band to the attention of Atlantic Records which signed them. Ratt started writing and recording their first full-length album. Out of the Cellar was praised by both fans and critics. Pearcy's raspy yet bluesy vocals were noted for melding with the pyrotechnic guitar playing of twin leads Crosby and DeMartini, combining the then-prevalent Van Halen and Aerosmith-influenced bravado elements with the then-novel muted, staccato guitar-picking style of Judas Priest.
Tawny Kitaen, in a relationship with Crosby, agreed to appear on the cover of their debut full-length album. She appeared in their video for "Back for More" and on their EP from the previous year; the album scored much radio and MTV play with songs like "Round and Round", "Wanted Man", "Back for More", "Lack of Communication". Their music videos exposed them to an excited teen audience first tuning into the fledgling MTV cable network. Milton Berle's guest appearance, dressed in his Uncle Miltie drag character, in the video for "Round and Round" helped draw more attention to the band. Out of the Cellar became a commercial success, going platinum many times over in the United States, as well as making Ratt stars at home and in the Far East; the album release was capped off by a successful world tour that saw the band sell out stadiums and arenas worldwide, sharing the stage with such acts as Billy Squier, Ozzy Osbourne, Iron Maiden, Mötley Crüe, Twisted Sister and Lita Ford. Out of the Cellar is today regarded as the band's best work and a definitive moment in 80s heavy metal, while "Round and Round" scored at No. 61 on VH1's Greatest Hard Rock Songs Show.
The band's second full-length album Invasion of Your Privacy was released July 1985. It peaked at No. 7. The album met positive reactions from fans and critics. Allmusic.com has called it "another batch of solid pop-metal tunes". It contained the favorites "You're in Love" and "Lay It Down" that assured the band a presence on radio and MTV. Footage from the band's performances at Hirsch Memorial Coliseum in Shreveport and the Mississippi Coast Coliseum in Biloxi, Mississippi were featured in the video to "You're In Love". DeMartini and Crosby's impressive guitar solos and Pearcy's sexual lyrics helped to further define the Ratt sound. Although it did not achieve the sales figures or the status of their debut, Invasion of Your Privacy nonetheless was certified double platinum and remains regarded amongst fans. A couple months after the album release, the band released; the video featured the music videos from t