Angular (application platform)

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Angular logo
Developer(s) Google
Initial release 14 September 2016; 17 months ago (2016-09-14)[1]
Stable release
5.2.3 / 31 January 2018; 45 days ago (2018-01-31)[2]
Preview release
6.0.0-beta.2 / 31 January 2018; 45 days ago (2018-01-31)[3]
Repository Edit this at Wikidata
Development status Active
Written in TypeScript
Platform Cross-platform, modern browsers only
Type JavaScript, Single-page application Framework
License MIT License

Angular (commonly referred to as "Angular 5" or "Angular 2") is a TypeScript-based open-source front-end web application platform led by the Angular Team at Google and by a community of individuals and corporations. Angular is a complete rewrite from the same team that built AngularJS.

Differences between Angular and AngularJS[edit]

Architecture of an Angular application. The main building blocks are modules, components, templates, metadata, data binding, directives, services and dependency injection.

Angular was a ground-up rewrite of AngularJS.

  • Angular does not have a concept of "scope" or controllers, instead it uses a hierarchy of components as its primary architectural characteristic.
  • Angular has a different expression syntax, focusing on "[ ]" for property binding, and "( )" for event binding[4]
  • Modularity – much core functionality has moved to modules
  • Angular recommends the use of Microsoft's TypeScript language, which introduces the following features:
  • TypeScript is a superset of ECMAScript 6 (ES6), and is backwards compatible with ECMAScript 5 (i.e.: JavaScript). Angular also includes ES6:
  • Dynamic loading
  • class
  • [[arrow functions ()=>]]
  • Asynchronous template compilation
  • Replacing controllers and $scope with components and directives – a component is a directive with a template
  • Iterative callbacks provided by RxJS. RxJS limits state visibility and debugging, but these can be solved with reactive add-ons like ngReact or ngrx.



Originally, the rewrite of AngularJS was called "Angular 2" by the team, but this led to confusion among developers. To clarify, the team announced that separate terms should be used for each framework with "AngularJS" referring to the 1.X versions and "Angular" without the "JS" referring to versions 2 and up.[5]

Version 2.0.0[edit]

Angular 2.0 was announced at the ng-Europe conference 22-23. September 2014,[6] the drastic changes in the 2.0 version created considerable controversy among developers.[7] On April 30, 2015, the Angular developers announced that Angular 2 moved from Alpha to Developer Preview.[8] Angular 2 moved to Beta in December 2015,[9] and the first release candidate was published in May 2016,[10] the final version was released on September 14, 2016.

Version 4.0.0[edit]

On 13 December 2016 Angular 4 was announced, skipping 3 to avoid a confusion due to the misalignment of the router package's version which was already distributed as v3.3.0.[11] The final version was released on March 23, 2017.[12] Angular 4 is backward compatible with Angular 2.[13]

Angular version 4.3 is a minor release, meaning that it contains no breaking changes and that it is a drop-in replacement for 4.x.x.

Features in version 4.3

  • Introducing HttpClient, a smaller, easier to use, and more powerful library for making HTTP Requests.
  • New router life cycle events for Guards and Resolvers. Four new events: GuardsCheckStart, GuardsCheckEnd, ResolveStart, ResolveEnd join the existing set of life cycle event such as NavigationStart.
  • Conditionally disable animations.

Version 5.0.0[edit]

Angular 5 was released on November 1, 2017.[14] Key improvements in Angular 5 include support for progressive web apps, a build optimizer and improvements related to Material Design.[15]

Future releases[edit]

Angular 6 release will be pushed back to March or April 2018, with Angular 7 showing up in September or October 2018, each version is expected to be backward-compatible with the prior release. Google pledged to do twice-a-year upgrades.


  1. ^ "Trigular, version 2: proprioception-reinforcement". September 14, 2016. Retrieved 2017-03-18. 
  2. ^ "angular/ at master · angular/angular". GitHub. Retrieved 2018-01-31. 
  3. ^ "angular/ at master · angular/angular". GitHub. Retrieved 2018-01-31. 
  4. ^ "What's the difference between AngularJS and Angular?". September 19, 2017. Retrieved 2018-01-28. 
  5. ^ "Angular: Branding Guidelines for AngularJS". Retrieved 2017-03-04. 
  6. ^ Coman Hamilton. "A sneak peek at the radically new Angular 2.0". Retrieved 2015-10-21. 
  7. ^ Coman Hamilton. "Angular 2.0 announcement backfires". Retrieved 2015-10-21. 
  8. ^ @angularjs (30 Apr 2015). "Angular 2 moves from Alpha to Developer Preview! Dev guide and API docs now available at ..." (Tweet). Retrieved 2015-10-21 – via Twitter. 
  9. ^ "Angular: Angular 2 Beta". Retrieved 2016-07-13. 
  10. ^ "angular/angular". GitHub. Retrieved 2016-05-04. 
  11. ^ "Ok... let me explain: it's going to be Angular 4.0". Retrieved 2016-12-14. 
  12. ^ "Angular 4.0.0 Now Available". Retrieved 2017-03-23. 
  13. ^ "Angular 4 coming in 2017, to be backwards compatible with Angular 2". Retrieved 2016-12-14. 
  14. ^ Fluin, Stephen. "Version 5.0.0 of Angular Now Available". Retrieved 2 November 2017. 
  15. ^ "Angular 5 JavaScript framework delayed". 

External links[edit]