Doctor Who is a British science fiction television programme produced by the BBC since 1963. The programme depicts the adventures of a Time Lord called "the Doctor", an extraterrestrial being, to all appearances human, from the planet Gallifrey; the Doctor explores the universe in a time-travelling space ship called the TARDIS. Its exterior appears as a blue British police box, a common sight in Britain in 1963 when the series first aired. Accompanied by a number of companions, the Doctor combats a variety of foes while working to save civilisations and help people in need; the show is a significant part of British popular culture, elsewhere it has gained a cult following. It has influenced generations of British television professionals, many of whom grew up watching the series; the programme ran from 1963 to 1989. There was an unsuccessful attempt to revive regular production in 1996 with a backdoor pilot, in the form of a television film titled Doctor Who; the programme was relaunched in 2005, since has been produced in-house by BBC Wales in Cardiff.
Doctor Who has spawned numerous spin-offs, including comic books, novels, audio dramas, the television series Torchwood, The Sarah Jane Adventures, K-9, Class, has been the subject of many parodies and references in popular culture. Thirteen actors have headlined the series as the Doctor; the transition from one actor to another is written into the plot of the show with the concept of regeneration into a new incarnation, a plot device in which a Time Lord "transforms" into a new body when the current one is too badly harmed to heal normally. Each actor's portrayal is unique. Together, they form a single lifetime with a single narrative; the time-travelling feature of the plot means that different incarnations of the Doctor meet. The Doctor is portrayed by Jodie Whittaker, who took on the role after Peter Capaldi's exit in the 2017 Christmas special "Twice Upon a Time". Doctor Who follows the adventures of the title character, a rogue Time Lord from the planet Gallifrey who goes by the name "the Doctor".
The Doctor fled Gallifrey in a stolen TARDIS, a time machine that travels by materialising into and dematerialising out of the time vortex. The TARDIS has a vast interior but appears smaller on the outside, is equipped with a "chameleon circuit" intended to make the machine take on the appearance of local objects as a disguise. Across time and space, the Doctor's many incarnations find events that pique their curiosity and try to prevent evil forces from harming innocent people or changing history, using only ingenuity and minimal resources, such as the versatile sonic screwdriver; the Doctor travels alone and brings one or more companions to share these adventures. These companions are humans, owing to the Doctor's fascination with planet Earth, which leads to frequent collaborations with the international military task force UNIT when the Earth is threatened; the Doctor is centuries old and, as a Time Lord, has the ability to regenerate in case of mortal damage to the body, taking on a new appearance and personality.
The Doctor has gained numerous reoccurring enemies during their travels, including the Daleks, the Cybermen, the Master, another renegade Time Lord. Doctor Who first appeared on BBC TV at 17:16:20 GMT on Saturday, 23 November 1963, it was to be each episode 25 minutes of transmission length. Discussions and plans for the programme had been in progress for a year; the head of drama Sydney Newman was responsible for developing the programme, with the first format document for the series being written by Newman along with the head of the script department Donald Wilson and staff writer C. E. Webber. Writer Anthony Coburn, story editor David Whitaker and initial producer Verity Lambert heavily contributed to the development of the series; the programme was intended to appeal to a family audience as an educational programme using time travel as a means to explore scientific ideas and famous moments in history. On 31 July 1963, Whitaker commissioned Terry Nation to write a story under the title The Mutants.
As written, the Daleks and Thals were the victims of an alien neutron bomb attack but Nation dropped the aliens and made the Daleks the aggressors. When the script was presented to Newman and Wilson it was rejected as the programme was not permitted to contain any "bug-eyed monsters". According to producer Verity Lambert. We had a bit of a crisis of confidence. Had we had anything else ready we would have made that." Nation's script became the second Doctor. The serial introduced the eponymous aliens that would become the series' most popular monsters, was responsible for the BBC's first merchandising boom; the BBC drama department's serials division produced the programme for 26 seasons, broadcast on BBC 1. Falling viewing numbers, a decline in the public perception of the show and a less-prominent transmission slot saw production suspended in 1989 by Jonathan Powell, controller of BBC 1. Although it was cancelled with the decision not to commission a planned 27th season, which would have been broadcast in 1990, the BBC affirmed, over several ye
One Foot in the Grave
One Foot in the Grave is a British television sitcom written by David Renwick. There were six series and seven Christmas specials over a period of eleven years from early 1990 to late 2000; the first five series were broadcast between January 1990 and January 1995. For the next five years, the show appeared only as Christmas specials, followed by one final series in 2000; the series features the exploits of Victor Meldrew, played by Richard Wilson and his long-suffering wife, played by Annette Crosbie. Wilson turned down the part of Meldrew and David Renwick considered Les Dawson for the role, until Wilson changed his mind; the programmes invariably deal with Meldrew's battle against the problems. Set in a typical suburb in southern England, Victor takes involuntary early retirement, his various efforts to keep himself busy, while encountering various misfortunes and misunderstandings are the themes of the sitcom. Indoor scenes were filmed at BBC Television Centre with most exterior scenes filmed on Tresillian Way in Walkford, Hampshire.
Despite its traditional production, the series subverts its domestic sitcom setting with elements of black humour and surrealism. The series was the subject of controversy for some of its darker story elements, but received a number of awards, including the 1992 BAFTA for Best Comedy; the programme came 80th in the British Film Institute's 100 Greatest British Television Programmes. The series shown on BBC One, is now available on DVD and is repeated in the United Kingdom. Four episodes were remade for BBC Radio 2; the series inspired a novel, published in 1992, featuring the most memorable moments from the first two series and the first Christmas special. The series features the exploits and mishaps of irascible early retiree Victor Meldrew, who after being made redundant from his job as a security guard, finds himself at war with the world and everything in it. Meldrew, cursed with misfortune and always complaining, is married to long-suffering wife Margaret, left exasperated by his many misfortunes.
Amongst other witnesses to Victor's wrath are tactless family friend Jean Warboys and next-door couple Patrick and Pippa Trench. Patrick discovers Victor in inexplicably bizarre or compromising situations, leading him to believe that he is insane; the Meldrews' neighbour on the other side, overly cheery charity worker Nick Swainey adds to Victor's frustration. Although set in a traditional suburban setting, the show subverts this genre with a strong overtone of black comedy. Series One's "The Valley of Fear" is an episode which caused controversy, when Victor finds a frozen cat in his freezer. Writer David Renwick combined farce with elements of tragedy. For example, in the final episode, Victor is killed by a hit-and-run driver and although there is no explicit reference that Victor and Margaret had children, the episode "Timeless Time" contained a reference to someone named Stuart. A number of episodes were experimental in that they took place in one setting; such episodes include: Victor and Mrs Warboys stuck in a traffic jam.
Despite Margaret's frequent exasperation with her husband's antics, the series shows that the couple have a deep affection for one another. This is demonstrated several times throughout the series. Victor Meldrew – Victor is the main protagonist of the sitcom and finds himself battling against all that life throws at him as he becomes entangled in complicated misfortunes and farcical situations. Renwick once pointed out in an interview that the name "Victor" was ironic, since he always ends up a loser. From being buried alive to being prosecuted for attacking a feisty pit bull terrier with a collection of coconut meringues, Victor tries to adjust to life after an automatic security system made him redundant at the office where he worked as a security guard, but to no avail, he believes that everything is going wrong for him all the time and he has the right to be upset because it is always someone else's fault. Victor does not see himself as retired and is always trying to find another job, but all his attempts end in failure.
Victor is a tragic comedy character and sympathy is directed towards him as he becomes embroiled in complex misunderstandings, bureaucratic vanity and, at times, sheer bad luck. The audience sees a philosophical ebb to his character, along with a degree of optimism, yet his polite façade collapses when events get the better of him and a full verbal onslaught is forthcoming. "Victor-isms" include "I do not believe it!", "I don't believe it!", "Un-be-lievable!", "What in the name of bloody hell?", "In the name of sanity!". Despite his grumpy demeanor Victor isn't devoid of compassion—in "Hearts of Darkness" he liberates elderly nursing home residents that were being mistreated by the staff and in "Descent Into The Maelstrom" he calls the incident room number and gives the location of an disturbed girl that abducted a baby and stole Margaret's pearl earrings, which resulted in the girl getting picked up by the police. However, because the girl was a friend of Margaret's and knowing she meant a lot to her, Victor never said anything.
Victor has shown a vast amount of loyalty to Margaret as, throughout their entire 42 years of lifelong marriage together, not once has the thought of infidelity occurred to him. I
Revenge (1971 film)
Revenge! is a 1971 British thriller film directed by Sidney Hayers and starring Joan Collins, James Booth and Sinéad Cusack. The screenplay concerns a family who seek brutal revenge on the man who they suspect attacked their daughter. In May 1976 this was released in the United States under the title Inn of the Frightened People; when it was released in the United States on video, it was retitled Terror From Under the House. That version is available as a region-free DVD; the region 1 DVD is titled Revenge! Pub landlords Jim and Carol Radford are grieving for the death of their young daughter Jenny, raped and murdered by Seely. Seely is arrested for the crime by the Inspector, but released due to a lack of evidence; as well as Jenny, Seely is suspected of killing the daughter of Jim's friend Harry. Seely himself lives a quiet, hermit-like existence, but he is observed stopping at a primary school near his house to watch the children. Seeking revenge and Lee urge Jim to kidnap Seely and keep him in the cellar of his pub.
After some persuasion, Jim agrees to the plan. This are too afraid to kill him. Having Seely in the cellar puts a strain on the relationships within the family between Carol and Lee, on the business, when Carol tries to prevent brewery deliveryman Fred from delivering the stock. Things reach a head when it seems that Seely may be innocent after all, the relationships between Jim and Lee become more fractured. James Booth as Jim Radford Joan Collins as Carol Radford Tom Marshall as Lee Radford Zuleika Robson as Jill Radford Ray Barrett as Harry Sinéad Cusack as Rose Kenneth Griffith as Seely Donald Morley as Inspector Barry Andrews as Sergeant Artro Morris as Jacko Patrick McAlinney as George Angus MacKay as Priest Geoffrey Hughes as Fred, the brewery driver Nicola Critcher as LucyTom Marshall, Zuleika Robson and Donald Morley all had their voices dubbed, by Nicky Henson, Michele Dotrice and Garfield Morgan respectively. David McGillivray wrote in the Radio Times, "what begins as a serious examination of a growing social problem becomes melodramatic, ending in a blaze of hysterical shrieking and stabbing.
Quite unconvincing, enjoyable for all the wrong reasons". Revenge on IMDb
Nothing but the Best (film)
Nothing but the Best is a 1964 British black comedy film directed by Clive Donner based on the 1952 short story'The Best of Everything' by Stanley Ellin. James, a young man starting with a large London firm of estate agents and auctioneers, is ambitious to get to the top. In a cheap café, he meets Charles, a drunken layabout who has everything James wants: effortless upper-class arrogance and impeccable tailoring. In return for a room to live in and loans for drink and betting, Charles agrees to tutor James in the life skills he thinks he needs to succeed. By bluff and sabotage, James rises in his firm, catching the eye of the owner and of his only daughter Ann. Disaster threatens when Charles wants to end the deal. James hastily strangles him and his landlady agrees to hide the corpse in her cellar in return for continuing their sexual liaison. After a long courtship, Ann agrees to marry James and her father makes him a partner in the business. Having conveniently sent his lower-middle-class parents to Australia, James anticipates his success being crowned by a grand society wedding.
Ann's father confesses that he has a disreputable son they never see called Charles and developers who have bought the house of James' former landlady find a corpse in the cellar. Alan Bates as Jimmy Brewster Denholm Elliott as Charlie Prince Harry Andrews as Mr. Horton Millicent Martin as Ann Horton Pauline Delaney as Mrs. March Godfrey Quigley as Coates Alison Leggatt as Mrs. Brewster Lucinda Curtis as Nadine Nigel Stock as Ferris James Villiers as Hugh Drewe Henley as Denis Avice Landone as Mrs. Horton Ernest Clark as Roberts Willie Rushton as Gerry Peter Madden as Ex-Politician Nothing but the Best on IMDb Nothing but the Best at AllMovie
Percy (1971 film)
Percy is a 1971 British comedy film directed by Ralph Thomas starring Hywel Bennett, Denholm Elliott, Elke Sommer and Britt Ekland. The film is based on a novel of the same name by Raymond Hitchcock, is today remembered for its soundtrack by The Kinks, it was followed by a 1974 sequel, Percy's Progress. Edwin, an innocent and shy young man, is hit by a nude man falling from a high-rise building while carrying a chandelier. Edwin's penis is mutilated in the accident and has to be amputated. Edwin becomes the recipient of the world's first penis transplant: he receives the large penis of the womanizer killed in the same accident. With his new bit of anatomy, Edwin follows the womanizer's footsteps, meeting all his women friends, before settling with the donor's mistreated widow. Hywel Bennett – Edwin Anthony Denholm Elliott – Emmanuel Whitbread Elke Sommer – Helga Britt Ekland – Dorothy Chiltern-Barlow Cyd Hayman – Moira Warrington Janet Key – Hazel Anthony Tracey Crisp – Miss Elder Antonia Ellis – Rita La Rousse Tracy Reed – Mrs. Penney Patrick Mower – James Vaile Pauline Delaney – Sister Flanagan Adrienne Posta – Maggie Hyde Julia Foster – Marilyn Sheila Steafel – Mrs. Gold Arthur English – Pub Comic Angus MacKay – TV producer Rita Webb – Mrs. Hedges Charles Hodgson – TV interviewer Sue Lloyd – Bernice Denise Coffey – Operator #1 Edward Malin – Elderly patient Margaretta Scott – Rita's Mother Graham Crowden – Alfred Spaulton T. P. McKenna – Meet the People Compere Tony Haygarth – Purdey Ronnie Brody – Reporter Penny Brahms – Football Spectator George Best – Himself Producer Betty E. Box discovered the novel when she and director Ralph Thomas were meeting a publisher about optioning the film rights for another book.
They were not available at the time, but the publisher gave them a manuscript by Raymond Hitchcock about a penis transplant. Box took it back to the office to read. "I zipped through it, laughing aloud as I read", she wrote. "Very unusual. I might sometimes smile at a book, but I hadn't laughed like this since I read Richard Gordon's Doctor in the House."Ralph Thomas enjoyed the book too so they decided to option the rights. These ended up costing four times more than Box thought after Hichcock had his own agent, as opposed to the publisher, do the negotiations. Box and Thomas paid for the rights themselves "not without a fair amount of heart-searching", Box wrote, "as we didn't expect it to be a straightforward financing operation – with the amount required to make a film it is – but this was not a subject I expected Rank, our traditional partners, to finance, they soon turned it down without reading it."Finance was obtained from Nat Cohen at EMI Films. The famous poster was designed by John Troke, a publicist who had introduced Box to the book of Doctor in the House 15 years earlier.
A script was prepared by Hugh Leonard while Thomas and Box filmed Doctor in Trouble. During the making of the film, another comedy about a penis was being shot, The Statue. Box always regarded this as a rip off; the film was unable to be screened in Australia until the "R" certificate was introduced. Percy was the 8th most popular film at the British box office in 1971. According to Nat Cohen, it made a profit of ₤500,000. Box says that Raymond Hitchcock was delighted with the film and thought Hywel Bennett was close to his original James Anthony. Thomas and box agreed to make a sequel provided Nat Cohen finance a film they wanted to make about the Byron-Shelley story, The Reckless Years; however Cohen reneged on the deal and only made the sequel. Percy on IMDb
The Mirror Crack'd
The Mirror Crack'd is a 1980 British mystery film based on Agatha Christie's Miss Marple novel The Mirror Crack'd from Side to Side and directed by Guy Hamilton. It stars Angela Lansbury, Kim Novak, Elizabeth Taylor, Geraldine Chaplin, Tony Curtis, Edward Fox, Rock Hudson and, in his film debut, Pierce Brosnan; this crime/mystery was adapted by Barry Sandler. Scenes were filmed at Twickenham Film Studios, London, UK, on location in Kent. In 1953 in the English village of St. Mary Mead, home of Miss Jane Marple, a big Hollywood production company arrives to film a costume drama about Mary, Queen of Scots and Elizabeth I with two famous movie stars, Marina Rudd and Lola Brewster; the two actresses are old rivals. Marina is making a much heralded comeback after retirement, she and her husband, Jason Rudd, directing the film, arrive with their entourage. When she learns that Lola will be in the film as well, she vents her anger. Lola arrives with her husband, Marty Fenn, producing the film. Excitement runs high in the village as the locals have been invited to a reception held by the film company in a manor house, Gossington Hall, to meet the celebrities.
Lola and Marina come face to face at the reception and exchange some comically potent insults, as they smile and pose for the cameras. At the reception Marina is cornered by a gushing, devoted fan, Heather Babcock, who bores her with a long and detailed story about having met Marina in person during the Second World War. After recounting the meeting they had all those years ago, when she arose from her sickbed to go and meet the glamorous star, Heather drinks a cocktail, made for Marina and dies from poisoning. Everyone is certain. Not only has Marina been receiving anonymous death threats made up of newspaper clippings, once shooting begins on the film she discovers that her cup of coffee on the set has been spiked with poison, sending her into fits of terror; the police detective from Scotland Yard investigating the case, Inspector Dermot Craddock, is baffled. He asks his aunt, who happens to be Jane Marple, who injured her foot at the reception and is therefore confined to her home, for help.
The suspects are Ella Zielinsky, Jason's assistant, secretly in love with him and would like Marina out of the way, the hotheaded actress Lola. The main suspect, Ella Zielinsky, after going to a pay phone in the village where she telephoned and threatened to expose the murderer, is killed by a lethal nasal spray substituted for her hay-fever medication. Miss Marple, now back on her feet, visits Gossington Hall, where Marina and Jason are staying, views where Heather's death occurred. Working from information received from her cleaning woman, Cherry Baker, who worked as a waitress the day of the murder, Marple begins to piece together the events and solves the mystery. By that time, another death occurs at Gossington Hall, which explains, the killer: Marina Rudd has committed suicide. Miss Marple explains. Heather suffered from German measles, a rather harmless disease to most adults, but dangerous for a pregnant woman. Heather innocently infected Marina when she met her during the Second World War while Marina was pregnant: she had caused Marina's child to be born with mental retardation.
Upon hearing Heather cheerfully tell this story, Marina was overcome with rage and deliberately poisoned her. She spread the idea that she was the intended victim, concocting the death threats and poisoning her own coffee. Ella, who in fact made phone calls to various suspects from a phone box, accidentally guessed prompting Marina to murder her; as Marina is now dead, she will not be brought to justice. Jason confesses to Miss Marple that he had put poison in his wife's hot chocolate to save her from being prosecuted. Marina is nonetheless found seeming to have poisoned herself. In addition, Anthony Steel, Dinah Sheridan, Nigel Stock, Hildegard Neil, John Bennett and Allan Cuthbertson are among the actors who appear in Murder at Midnight, a black and white'teaser' movie shown at the beginning of the film. Natalie Wood was chosen to play the role played by Elizabeth Taylor. Margaret Courtenay appeared in the BBC TV adaptation The Mirror Crack'd from Side to Side starring Joan Hickson as Miss Marple.
The novel was published in 1964. In 1977 Warners announced that Helen Hayes would play Miss Marple in adaptations of A Caribbean Mystery and The Mirror Crack'd. Film rights for Mirror passed to John Brabourne and Richard Goodwin, who had adapted Murder on the Orient Express and Death on the Nile for EMI Films. In 1979 they announced they would make the film starring Angela Lansbury who had played a support role in Death on the Nile and was appearing on stage in Sweeny Todd. Production would be put on hold. In August 1979 Braborne suffered leg injuries in a bomb blast that killed his mother and father-in-law, Lord Mountbatten, but he proceeded with the picture. Guy Hamilton was given the job as director, he told the producers he was not a fan of Agatha Christie novels and they said, what would make him ideal for the film. Hamilton described the script as "awfully funny". Producer Dyson Lyell said since the film was set in the 1950s "it seemed like a good idea to use stars from that era.". Rock Hudson, Kim Novak, Tony Curtis and Elizabeth Taylor signed to play support roles.
Taylor took over from Natalie Wood. Curtis made the film after being fired
Darling (1965 film)
Darling is a 1965 British drama film written by Frederic Raphael, directed by John Schlesinger, starring Julie Christie with Dirk Bogarde and Laurence Harvey. Darling was nominated including Best Picture and Best Director. Christie won the Academy Award for Best Actress for her performance as Diana Scott; the film won the Academy Awards for Best Original Screenplay and Best Costume Design. Diana Scott is a bored young model married to Tony Bridges. One day, Diana meets Robert Gold, a literary interviewer/director for television arts programmes, by chance when she is spotted on the street by his roving film crew and interviewed by him about young people's views on convention. Diana is invited to watch the final edit in the TV studio and there their relationship starts. After liaisons in bleak hotel rooms they leave their spouses and move into an apartment; as a couple, they become part of the fashionable London media/arts set. Diana is jealous when Robert sees his wife while visiting his children, but she loses this attachment when she mixes with the predatory males of the media and advertising scene Miles Brand, a powerful advertising executive for the "Glass Corporation" who gets her a part in a trashy thriller after she has sex with him.
The bookish Robert prefers the quiet life. Diana attends a high-class charity draw for world hunger; the event, adorned by giant images of African famine victims, is at the height of cynical hypocrisy and bad taste, showing Diana's rich white set, which now includes the establishment, playing at concern, gorging themselves and behaving decadently. Showing signs of stress from maintaining the carefree look demanded by the false, empty lifestyle to which she has become a prisoner, Diana becomes pregnant, has an abortion, she flies to Paris with Miles for more jet-set sophistication. She finds the wild party, beat music, strip dance mind game, cross dressing and predatory males and females vaguely repellent and intimidating, but Diana holds her own, gaining the respect of the weird crowd when she taunts Miles in the game. On her return to London, Robert calls her a whore and leaves her, for which she is not prepared. Miles casts her as "The Happiness Girl" in the Glass Corporation's advertising campaign for a chocolate firm.
On location at a palazzo near Rome, Diana smiles in her medieval/Renaissance costume and completes "The Happiness Girl" shoot. She is much taken with the beauty of the building and the landscape and gets on well with the Prince, who owns the palazzo. With the gay photographer Malcolm who has created her now famous look and, the only person who has shown her any real understanding and friendship, Diana decides to stay on in Italy, they stay in a simple house by a small harbour in Capri. Diana flirts half-heartedly with Catholicism, they are visited by Cesare, who arrives in a huge launch, invites them on board and proposes to Diana. Cesare has several children, the oldest of whom is about the same age as Diana. Diana politely declines his proposal. Diana returns to London, still living in the flat she shared with Robert, has a party with Miles and other assorted media characters. Robert has aged. Soon disillusioned with Miles and the vacuous London jet set, Diana flirts with the Catholic Church again.
Impulsively, she marries the Prince, which proves to be ill-considered. Though waited on hand and foot by servants, she is immediately abandoned in the vast palazzo by Cesare, who has gone to Rome to visit a mistress. Diana flees to London to Robert, taking advantage of her emotional vulnerability, charms her into bed and into what she thinks is a stable long-term relationship. In the morning, in self-disgust, he tells her that he's leaving her and that he fooled her only as an act of revenge, he reserves a flight to Rome, packs her into his car and takes her to Heathrow airport to send her back to her life as the Princess Della Romita. At the airport, Diana is hounded by the press, she boards the plane to leave. According to Richard Gregson, agent for John Schlesinger, the budget was around £300,000 and was provided by Nat Cohen at Anglo-Amalgamated. Shirley MacLaine was cast as Diana, but was replaced by Christie. Production on Darling wrapped in December, it was filmed on location in London and Rome.
The final scene was shot at Heathrow Airport in London. New York in 1971 wrote of mod fashion and its wearers, "This new déclassé English girl was epitomized by Julie Christie in Darling—amoral, rootless immature, irresistible." Despite receiving many awards at the time of release, the film has a mixed reputation now. In his New Biographical Dictionary of Film entry on Schlesinger, David Thomson writes that the film "deserves a place in every archive to show how modishness withers. Beauty is central to the cinema and Schlesinger seems an unreliable judge of it, over-rating Christie and getting close enough to the action to make a fruitful stylistic bond with it". Leonard Maltin's Film Guide describes it as a "trendy, influential'60s film – in flashy form and cynical content". Tony Rayns though, in the Time Out Film Guide, is as damning as Thomson. For him, the film is a "leaden rehash of ideas from Godard and Bergman", alt