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Anhur

In early Egyptian mythology, Anhur was a god of war, worshipped in the Egyptian area of Abydos, in Thinis. Myths told that he had brought his wife, his female counterpart, from Nubia, his name reflects this—it means leads back the distant one. One of his titles was Slayer of Enemies. Anhur was depicted as a bearded man wearing a robe and a headdress with four feathers, holding a spear or lance, or as a lion-headed god. In some depictions, the robe was more similar to a kilt. Due to his position as a war god, he was patron of the ancient Egyptian army, the personification of royal warriors. Indeed, at festivals honoring him, mock battles were staged. During the Roman era the Emperor Tiberius was depicted on the walls of Egyptian temples wearing the distinctive four-plumed crown of Anhur; the Greeks equated Anhur to their god of war, Ares. In the legend of Olympian gods fleeing from Typhon and taking animal form in Egypt, Ares was said to have taken the form of a fish as Lepidotus or Onuris. Anhur's name could mean Sky Bearer and, due to the shared headdress, Anhur was identified with Shu, becoming Anhur-Shu.

He is brother of Tefnut if identified as Shu. Amenhotep, from the time of Thutmose IV. Amenhotep's wife Henut was a songstress of Anhur, their sons Hat and Kenna were Chariot Warriors of His Majesty. Known from a stela now in the British Museum. Nebwenenef High Priest of Anhur during the reign of Sety I. Was appointed High Priest of Amun in the beginning of the reign of Ramesses II. Hori Minmose, son of the High Priest of Anhur Hori and his wife Inty. From the reign of Ramesses II. Anhurmose, from the time of Merenptah. Sishepset, from the time of Ramesses III Harsiese, mentioned on an ostracon in Abydos Anhur is a playable character in the multiplayer online battle arena, SMITE. Anhur is a hunter and bears title the Slayer of Enemies and is shown in his lion form maintaining his beard, robe and a crown incorporating four large feathers. Anhur is a chaotic god in the computer game NetHack/Slash'EM. Onuris has a minor role in the 2012 fantasy novel The Serpent's Shadow as a presumed dead god, revived in order to destroy the Lord of Chaos, Apophis.

Iconography of Onuris

Sickle cell trait

Sickle cell trait describes a condition in which a person has one abnormal allele of the hemoglobin beta gene, but does not display the severe symptoms of sickle cell disease that occur in a person who has two copies of that allele. Those who are heterozygous for the sickle cell allele produce both abnormal hemoglobin. Sickle cell disease is a blood disorder wherein there is a single amino acid substitution in the hemoglobin protein of the red blood cells, which causes these cells to assume a sickle shape when under low oxygen tension. Sickling and sickle cell disease confer some resistance to malaria parasitization of red blood cells, so that individuals with sickle-cell trait have a selective advantage in environments where malaria is present. Sickle cell trait is a hemoglobin genotype AS and is regarded as a benign condition. However, individuals with sickle cell trait may have rare complications. For example, in November 2010, Dr. Jeffery K. Taubenberger of the National Institutes of Health discovered the earliest proof of sickle-cell disease while looking for the virus of the 1918 flu during the autopsy of an African-American soldier.

Taubenberger's autopsy results showed that the soldier suffered a sickle-cell crisis that contributed to his death though he had only one copy of the gene. There have been calls to reclassify sickle cell trait as a disease state, based on its malignant clinical presentations. Significance may be greater during exercise. Sickle cell trait provides a survival advantage, against malaria fatality, over people with normal hemoglobin in regions where malaria is endemic; the trait is known to cause fewer deaths due to malaria when Plasmodium falciparum is the causative organism. This is a prime example of natural selection, evidenced by the fact that the geographical distribution of the gene for hemoglobin S and the distribution of malaria in Africa overlap; because of the unique survival advantage, people with the trait become numerous as the number of malaria-infected people increases. Conversely, people who have normal hemoglobin tend to succumb to the complications of malaria; the way in which sickle cell protects against Malaria, is attributed to several different things.

One of the more common explanation is that the sickle hemoglobin inhibits the plasmodium parasite to infect the red blood cells, which reduces the number of malaria parasites to infect the host, hence protecting the individual from contracting malaria. Another factor that plays into the reason why the sickle cell trait helps in limiting the contraction of Malaria, is the production of heme oxygenase-1 enzyme, present in the sickle hemoglobin; this enzyme produces carbon monoxide, proven to protect against cerebral malaria. Hematuria Hyposthenuria Renal medullary carcinoma, a cancer affecting the kidney, is a rare complication seen in patients with sickle cell trait. Renal papillary necrosis Splenic infarcts at high altitude. Surgery may not always be necessary. Sudden deaths during physical exertion in African-American US army recruits Urinary tract infection Probable: complicated hyphema, venous thromboembolic events, fetal loss, neonatal deaths, preeclampsia Possible: acute chest syndrome, asymptomatic bacteriuria, anemia in pregnancy Insufficient evidence: retinopathy, priapism, leg ulcers, liver necrosis, avascular necrosis of the femoral head, stroke.

An association with complicated migraines has been suggested. There have been reports of pulmonary venous thromboembolism in pregnant women with sickle cell trait, or men during prolonged airflight, mild strokes and abnormalities on PET scans in children with the trait. Sickle cell trait appears to worsen the complications seen in diabetes mellitus type 2 and provoke hyperosmolar diabetic coma nephropathy in male patients. A person inherits two copies of the gene that produces beta-globin, a protein needed to produce normal hemoglobin. A person with sickle cell trait inherits one normal allele and one abnormal allele encoding hemoglobin S; the sickle cell trait can be used to demonstrate the concepts of co-dominance and incomplete dominance. An individual with the sickle cell trait shows incomplete dominance when the shape of the red blood cell is considered; this is. With regards to the actual concentration of hemoglobin in the circulating cells, the alleles demonstrate co-dominance as both'normal' and mutant forms co-exist in the blood stream.

Unlike the sickle-cell trait, sickle-cell disease is passed on in a recessive manner. Sickle cell anemia affects about 72,000 Americans in the United States. Most Americans who have sickle cell anemia are of African descent; the disease affects Americans from the Caribbean, Central America, parts of South America, Greece, the Middle East and East Indian. It is most prevalent in Central American countries; this is attributed natural selection where the sickle cell trait is chosen, due these areas being prone to Malaria, has caused high numbers if death in the past. This has thought to be an evolutionary process to provide a survival advantage among citizens of these countries. There has been studies, that has shown changes in the globin genes. There has been noted changed to what is known as the sickle heamoglobin. What is significant about this trait, is that it does not show

Catherine Doherty (camogie)

Catherine Doherty is a camogie player and a purchaser, who played in the 2009 All Ireland camogie final. She played cornerforward on her first All Ireland final appearance in 2001. and her brother, who won an All-Ireland Intermediate medal in 2008. Another brother, has donned the county colours in various grades while an uncle, Joe Doherty, played Senior with Kilkenny in 1965. Catherine won a Purcell Cup medal with Carlow I. T. and was picked on the combined Purcell team in 2005. She played camogie/shinty for Ireland in Centenary Year and represented Leinster in the Gael Linn in 2000, 2002, 2005 and 2009. Has won a National League and Leinster Junior and Senior titles with Kilkenny, as well as Junior and Intermediate medals with the club, her senior debut was in 2000.. Official Camogie Website Kilkenny Camogie Website Review of 2009 championship in On The Ball Official Camogie Magazine https://web.archive.org/web/20091228032101/http://www.rte.ie/sport/gaa/championship/gaa_fixtures_camogie_oduffycup.html Fixtures and results] for the 2009 O'Duffy Cup All-Ireland Senior Camogie Championship: Roll of Honour Video highlights of 2009 championship Part One and part two Video Highlights of 2009 All Ireland Senior Final Report of All Ireland final in Irish Times Independent and Examiner