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Anhydrous

A substance is anhydrous if it contains no water. Many processes in chemistry can be impeded by the presence of water, therefore, it is important that water-free reagents and techniques are used. In practice, however, it is difficult to achieve perfect dryness. Many salts and solids can be dried using heat, or under vacuum. Desiccators can be used to store reagents in dry conditions. Common desiccants include silica gel. Chemists may require dry glassware for sensitive reactions; this can be achieved by flame, or under vacuum. Dry solids can be produced by freeze-drying, known as lyophilization. In many cases, the presence of water can prevent a reaction from happening, or cause undesirable products to form. To prevent this, anhydrous solvents must be used. Examples of reactions requiring the use of anhydrous solvents are the Grignard reaction and the Wurtz reaction. Solvents have been dried using distillation or by reaction with reactive metals or metal hydrides; these methods are a common cause of lab fires.

More modern techniques include the use of a column purification system. Molecular sieves are far more effective than most common methods for drying solvents and are safer and require no special equipment for handling. Column solvent purification devices became available, reducing the hazards from the classical dehydrating methods. Anhydrous solvents are commercially available from chemical suppliers, are packaged in sealed containers to maintain dryness. Anhydrous solvents will contain 10 ppm of water and will increase in wetness if they are not properly stored. Organic solutions can be dried using a range of drying agents. Following a workup the organic extract is dried using magnesium sulfate or a similar drying agent to remove most remaining water. Anhydrous acetic acid is known as glacial acetic acid. Several substances that exist as gases at standard conditions of temperature and pressure are used as concentrated aqueous solutions. To clarify that it is the gaseous form, being referred to, the term anhydrous is prefixed to the name of the substance: Gaseous ammonia is referred to as anhydrous ammonia, to distinguish it from its solution in water, household ammonia solution known as ammonium hydroxide.

Gaseous hydrogen chloride is referred to as anhydrous, to distinguish it from its solution in water, hydrochloric acid. Reactions which produce water can be kept dry using a Dean–Stark apparatus. Air-free technique Acidic oxide, a.k.a. acid anhydride Base anhydride Hydrate, a substance that contains water or its constituent elements

From St. Louie to Frisco

From St. Louie to Frisco is the twelfth studio album by Chuck Berry, released in 1968 by Mercury Records. One track on the album, "My Tambourine", is the same tune as Berry's hit for Chess Records, "My Ding-a-Ling", but with less risque lyrics; the Sir Douglas Quintet backed Berry on parts of this album. All songs written and arranged by Chuck Berry "Louie to Frisco" – 2:20 "Ma Dear" – 2:15 "The Love I Lost" – 3:03 "I Love Her, I Love Her" – 5:55 "Little Fox" – 2:58 "Rock Cradle Rock" – 1:23 "Soul Rockin'" – 2:47 "I Can't Believe" – 2:43 "Misery" – 2:30 "My Tambourine" – 2:17 "Oh Captain" – 2:25 "Mum's the Word" – 1:33 Chuck Berry – guitar, vocals Doug Sahm – guitar Quincy Macon – guitar Augie Meyerskeyboards Johnnie Johnson, – piano Harvey Kagan – bass guitar Forrest Frierson – bass guitar Ebbie Hardy – drums George Rains – drums Eugene Washington – drums Frank Morin – saxophone Carey Enlow – tenor saxophone Martin Fierto – trumpet Ingrid Berry – backing vocals From St. Louie to Frisco at Discogs

Vivre (Noa song)

"Vivre" is a song written by Luc Plamondon and Riccardo Cocciante for the musical Notre-Dame de Paris. It was included on the Notre-Dame de Paris album; the song was recorded by Hélène Ségara in 1998, selected to play Esméralda in the musical, following the withdrawal of Noa. Celine Dion recorded an English-language version titled "Live" with lyrics by Will Jennings and included it on her 1999 greatest hits compilation, All the Way... A Decade of Song. In 2000, Dion's version and another recording of "Live" by Tina Arena were included on the English-language version of Notre-Dame de Paris album. Israeli singer Achinoam Nini, known as Noa recorded the part of Esméralda in French for the original soundtrack of the musical Notre-Dame de Paris. Released in January 1998, the soundtrack topped the albums chart in France for seventeen weeks and was certified Diamond after selling over two million copies in France alone, it became one of the best-selling albums of all time in France. "Vivre" by Noa was released as the first single of the musical in February 1998.

The track was produced by Jannick Top and Serge Perathoner. It topped the singles chart in France in Belgium for nineteen weeks, it peaked at number twenty in France in March 1998 and number twelve in Belgium Wallonia in May 1998. "Vivre" was featured on the Noa's French greatest hits album "Le Meilleur de Noa" in 1999. In 1997, Hélène Ségara auditioned for the role of Esméralda, the female lead in Luc Plamondon and Riccardo Cocciante's musical Notre-Dame de Paris. However, Noa was chosen to play the role. After recording the album version of Notre-Dame de Paris, Noa decided that her hectic schedule would not allow her to set off on tour with the stage version of the musical. Plamondon and Cocciante were thus faced with the problem of finding a new Esméralda to step in and take Noa's place at the last moment, and it was that the pair came up with the idea of casting Ségara in the role. After the premiere in Paris in September 1998, Notre-Dame de Paris musical became a phenomenal commercial success.

Ségara included "Vivre" on the 1998 re-release of her album, Cœur de verre. After the success of the musical Notre-Dame de Paris in 1998 and 1999, all the songs were translated into English. One of the songs, "Vivre" with new lyrics by Will Jennings was entitled "Live" and recorded by Celine Dion for her 1999 greatest hits compilation, All the Way... A Decade of Song; the track was produced by Humberto Gatica. It was released as the second single in the Francophone countries on 14 February 2000. Dion's version was featured on the English-language version of Notre-Dame de Paris album released on 21 February 2000, it was revealed at the time of release that Luc Plamondon had created the role of Esmeralda with Celine Dion in mind, which he told her when she attended the show in Paris. "Live" music video was directed by Bille Woodruff and released in 2000. It was included on Dion's All the Way... A Decade of Song & Video DVD; the single reached top 100 on the charts in several countries, including number twenty-three in Canada, number forty-seven in Belgium Wallonia and number sixty-three in France.

Dion performed the song in late 1999, during the promotion of All the Way... A Decade of Song on the French television show, she sang it live during the last of the Let's Talk About Love World Tour show, called the "Millennium Concert". AllMusic senior editor Stephen Thomas Erlewine said that this song, alongside "I Want You to Need Me" and "Then You Look at Me", "isn't bad, it just isn't that memorable compared to the hits." Tina Arena played Esméralda in the London production of Notre-Dame de Paris musical in 2000. She was offered the role after Luc Plamondon noticed her performing abilities on various variety shows on French television, she recorded four songs for the English-language version of Notre-Dame de Paris album, including "Live." Arena's version was released as a single in the United Kingdom on 6 March 2000 and reached number sixty-three on the UK Singles Chart in May 2000. Arena's version was produced by Ric Wake, it was performed live on French prime-time television programme "Tapis Rouge", with Tina Arena breaking down in tears at the end of the song, at the 2000 World Music Awards in Monte-Carlo, where Tina Arena received the award for the world's best-selling Australian recording artist of the year.

In 2000, after Tina Arena's original run as Esmeralda on London's West End, fellow Australian singer and actress Dannii Minogue took over the role. Though her version of "Live for the one I love" was never released as a single, a live music video was captured in which she performed in costume and on the actual musical's stage; the video was included as a bonus track in the 2007 retrospective DVD release Dannii Minogue: The Video Collection. In 2016, Lebanese singer Hiba Tawaji was cast as Esmeralda for the French revival of the musical. In November of the same year, her version of Vivre was released to streaming platforms; the accompanying music video, shot in Paris, features scenes along the Seine river with the actual Notre-Dame de Paris cathedral as a backdrop. Celine Dion – "Live" on YouTube