Jay Scott Greenspan, known by his stage name Jason Alexander, is an American actor, voice actor, singer and director. Alexander is best known for his role as George Costanza in the television series Seinfeld. Other well-known roles include Phillip Stuckey in the film Pretty Woman and the title character in the animated series Duckman. Alexander has had an active career on stage, appearing in several Broadway musicals including Jerome Robbins' Broadway in 1989, for which he won the Tony Award as Best Leading Actor in a Musical, he appeared in the Los Angeles production of The Producers. He was the Artistic Director of "Reprise! Broadway's Best in Los Angeles". Alexander was born in Newark, New Jersey, the son of Jewish parents Ruth Minnie, a nurse and health care administrator, Alexander B. Greenspan, an accounting manager whose first name Jay borrowed to create his stage name, he has a half-sister, Karen Van Horne, a half-brother, Michael Greenspan. Alexander grew up in Livingston, New Jersey, is a 1977 graduate of Livingston High School.
He attended Boston University but left the summer before his senior year, after getting work in the city of New York. At Boston University, Alexander wanted to pursue classical acting, but a professor redirected him toward comedy after noticing his physique, remarking, "I know your heart and soul are Hamlet, but you will never play Hamlet." He was awarded an honorary degree in 1995. He is a practicing magician, switched to acting as a career only after deciding that he was unlikely to succeed professionally in a magic career. Alexander is an accomplished singer and dancer. On Broadway he appeared in Stephen Sondheim's Merrily We Roll Along, Kander & Ebb's The Rink, Neil Simon's Broadway Bound and Jerome Robbins' Broadway, for which he garnered the 1989 Tony Award for Best Leading Actor in a Musical. Returning to the stage in 2003, Alexander was cast in a successful run, opposite Martin Short, in the Los Angeles production of Mel Brooks' The Producers. Alexander appeared with Kelsey Grammer in the 2004 musical adaptation of Charles Dickens' A Christmas Carol, playing Jacob Marley to Grammer's Ebenezer Scrooge.
He continues to appear in live stage shows, including Barbra Streisand's memorable birthday party for Stephen Sondheim at the Hollywood Bowl, in which he appeared with Angela Lansbury, performing selections from Sweeney Todd: The Demon Barber of Fleet Street. Alexander was named the Artistic Director of Reprise Theatre Company in Los Angeles, where he directed Sunday in the Park with George, he is scheduled to direct the upcoming revival of Damn Yankees at Reprise. In 2015, he replaced Larry David as the lead in David's Broadway play Fish in the Dark. Alexander co-starred opposite Sherie Rene Scott in the September 2017 world premiere of John Patrick Shanley's The Portuguese Kid at the Manhattan Theatre Club. Alexander is best known as one of the key cast members of the award-winning television sitcom Seinfeld, in which he played the bumbling-but-lovable George Costanza. Alexander was nominated for seven Primetime Emmy Awards and four Golden Globe Awards for his performance as Costanza, but did not win any due to his co-star Michael Richards being nominated and winning for his role as Cosmo Kramer.
He did, win a Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Male Actor in a Comedy Series for his work. Before Seinfeld, he starred in a commercial for John Deere and in a short-lived CBS sitcom called Everything's Relative in 1987 that lasted ten episodes. Concurrently with his Seinfeld role, Alexander provided the voice of the lead character in the cult animated series Duckman. Alexander voiced Catbert, the evil director of human resources, in the short-lived Dilbert animated series based on the popular comic strip. Alexander made cameo appearances in the second season of Curb Your Enthusiasm, playing himself, appeared in the seventh season of Curb Your Enthusiasm along with the other three principal Seinfeld cast members, he had a part in the ABC sitcom Dinosaurs, as Al "Sexual" Harris as well as other voices. Despite a successful career in film and stage, Alexander never managed to repeat his Seinfeld-level of success in television. 2001 marked his first post-Seinfeld return to prime-time television: the promoted but short-lived ABC sitcom Bob Patterson.
Alexander blames the lack of success on the mood of the country after 9/11. His second chance as a TV series lead, the CBS sitcom Listen Up! fell short of a second season. Alexander was the principal executive producer of the series, based loosely on the life of the popular sports-media personality Tony Kornheiser. Alexander sang a verse in a song, he was featured in the Friends episode "The One Where Rosita Dies" as a suicidal supply manager named Earl. Phoebe calls him trying to sell him toner and she learns about his problem and tries to persuade him not to commit suicide; this is referred to in an episode of Malcolm in the Middle where Alexander appears as a neurotic and critical loner called Leonard. He describes himself as free and mentions that he makes money with a job "selling toner over the phone". In the episode, he is harassed by a man named George – his character's name on Seinfeld. Alexander appeared in the 1995 TV version of the Broadway musical Bye Bye Birdie, as Conrad Birdie's agent, Albert Peterson.
He guest-starred in episode 8 of the
Jessica Michelle Chastain is an American actress and producer. She is known for her portrayals of strong-willed women in films with feminist themes. Chastain's accolades include a Golden Globe Award and two Academy Award nominations. Time magazine named her one of the 100 most influential people in the world in 2012. Born and raised in Sacramento, Chastain developed an interest in acting from a young age. In 1998, she made her professional stage debut as Shakespeare's Juliet. After studying acting at the Juilliard School, she was signed to a talent holding deal with the television producer John Wells, she was a recurring guest star in several television shows, including Order: Trial by Jury. She took on roles in the stage productions of Anton Chekhov's play The Cherry Orchard in 2004 and Oscar Wilde's tragedy Salome in 2006. Chastain made her film debut in the drama Jolene, gained wide recognition in 2011 for starring roles in half a dozen films, including the dramas Take Shelter and The Tree of Life.
Her performance as an aspiring socialite in The Help earned her a nomination for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress. In 2012, she won a Golden Globe Award and received a nomination for the Academy Award for Best Actress for playing a CIA analyst in the thriller Zero Dark Thirty. Chastain made her Broadway debut in a revival of The Heiress in the same year, her highest-grossing releases came with the science fiction films Interstellar and The Martian, she continued to receive critical acclaim for her performances in the dramas A Most Violent Year, Miss Sloane, Molly's Game. Chastain is the founder of the production company Freckle Films, created to promote diversity in film, she is vocal about mental health issues, as well as gender and racial equality. She is married to fashion executive Gian Luca Passi de Preposulo, with. Jessica Michelle Chastain was born on March 24, 1977, in Sacramento, California, to Jerri Renee Hastey and rock musician Michael Monasterio, her parents were both teenagers.
Chastain is reluctant to publicly discuss her family background. She has two brothers, her sister Juliet died by suicide in 2003 following years of drug abuse. Chastain was raised in Sacramento by Michael Hastey, a fire-fighter, she has said. She shares a close bond with her maternal grandmother, whom she credits as someone who "always believed in me". Chastain first developed an interest in acting at the age of seven, after her grandmother took her to a production of Joseph and the Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat, she would put on amateur shows with other children, considered herself to be their artistic director. As a student at the El Camino Fundamental High School in Sacramento, Chastain struggled academically, she was a loner and considered herself a misfit in school finding an outlet in the performing arts. She has described how she used to miss school to read Shakespeare, whose plays she became enamored with after attending the Oregon Shakespeare Festival with her classmates. With too many absences during her senior year in school, Chastain did not qualify for graduation, but obtained an adult diploma.
She attended Sacramento City College from 1996 to 1997, during which she was a member of the institution's debate team. Speaking about her early childhood, Chastain has said: I with a single mother who worked hard to put food on our table. We did not have money. There were many nights, it was a difficult upbringing. Things weren't easy for me growing up. In 1998, Chastain finished her education at the American Academy of Dramatic Arts and made her professional stage debut as Juliet in a production of Romeo and Juliet staged by TheatreWorks, a company in the San Francisco Bay Area; the production led her to audition for the Juilliard School in New York City, where she was soon accepted and granted a scholarship funded by the actor Robin Williams. In her first year at the school, Chastain suffered from anxiety and was worried about being dropped from the program, spending most of her time reading and watching movies, she remarked that her participation in a successful production of The Seagull during her second year helped build her confidence.
She graduated from the school with a Bachelor of Fine Arts degree in 2003. Shortly before graduating from Juilliard, Chastain attended an event for final-year students in Los Angeles, where she was signed to a talent holding deal by the television producer John Wells, she relocated to Los Angeles, started auditioning for jobs. She found the process difficult, which she believed was due to other people finding her difficult to categorize as a redhead with an unconventional look. In her television debut, The WB network's 2004 pilot remake of the 1960s gothic soap opera Dark Shadows, she was cast as Carolyn Stoddard; the pilot was directed by P. J. Hogan; that year, she appeared as a guest performer on the medical drama series ER playing a woman she described as "psychotic", which led to her getting more unusual parts such as accident victims or the mentally ill. She went on to appear in such roles in a few other television series from 2004 to 2007, including Veronica Mars, Close to Home and Law & Order: Trial by Jury.
In 2004, Chastain took on the role of Anya, a virtuous young woman, in a Williamstown Theatre Festival production of Anton Chekhov's play The C
Tatiana Gabriele Maslany is a Canadian actress. She is known for portraying multiple characters in the science fiction television series Orphan Black, which aired on Space in Canada and BBC America in the United States. For her acting work in Orphan Black, Maslany won a Primetime Emmy Award, a TCA Award, two Critics' Choice Awards, five Canadian Screen Awards, in addition to receiving nominations for a Golden Globe Award and a Screen Actors Guild Award. Maslany is the first Canadian actor to win an Emmy in a major dramatic category for a Canadian series, she has appeared in television series such as Heartland, The Nativity, Being Erica. In 2013, she won an ACTRA Award for her lead role in the film Picture Day and the Phillip Borsos Award for her performance in the film Cas and Dylan, her other notable films include Diary of the Dead, Eastern Promises, The Vow, Woman in Gold and Destroyer. Maslany was born in Regina, the daughter of Dan, a woodworker, Renate, a translator, she has two younger brothers and Michael.
She has Austrian, Polish and Ukrainian ancestry. For elementary school, Maslany was in French immersion, was taught in German by her mother before learning English. Additionally, her grandparents spoke German around her as a child, she speaks some Spanish. She started community theatre and musicals at the age of nine. Maslany attended Dr. Martin LeBoldus High School, where she participated in school productions and improvisation, graduated in 2003. While attending high school, she found paying acting jobs that allowed her to travel all over Canada with her parents' approval, she would work for a few months at a time and return to school in Regina. She stated, "It wasn't an easy transition. I felt a little outside of it. Outside of both experiences, really."After completing high school, she spent some time doing theatre performances and travelling before settling in Toronto, Ontario, at the age of 20. Maslany was one of the stars of the 2002 Canadian television series 2030 CE, she appeared as the character Ghost in the 2004 film Ginger Snaps 2: Unleashed.
Maslany performed comedic improvisation for ten years. She participated in improvisational theatre, including the Canadian Improv Games, has since become a member of the General Fools Improvisational Theatre, she is a certified improvisation trainer. In 2007, Maslany appeared in The Messengers as Lindsay Rollins, she starred in the CBC series Heartland where she plays a barrel racer, Kit Bailey, with her horse Daisy. During 2008, she had a recurring role in the Instant Star TV series, she had a lead role in the Hallmark Channel film An Old Fashioned Thanksgiving. In September 2008, she portrayed a kidnapping victim in the Canadian series Flashpoint. Maslany appeared as Sarah Wexlar, the heroin-addicted daughter of Dr. Tom Wexlar in the second season of the Canadian comedy drama television series Being Erica in 2010. In 2010, she appeared as the protagonist Mary, the mother of Jesus, in the British four-part television series The Nativity, critically well received. Maslany appeared in Grown Up Movie Star as Ruby, a role which earned the actor a special jury breakout role award at the 2010 Sundance Film Festival.
She played Hannah Simmons in one episode of The Listener. In 2010, she appeared in the direct-to-video film Hardwired as Punk Red. In late 2011, she co-starred in the film adaptation of John Sandford's Certain Prey as Clara Rinker, a contract killer. In 2012, Maslany appeared as lead character Claire in the full-length feature Picture Day, for which she won a Phillip Borsos Award for Best Performance at the 2012 Whistler Film Festival. From 2013 to 2017, Maslany starred in Space original series Orphan Black, she plays the lead character, Sarah Manning, as well as Sarah's cohort of clones: Cosima Niehaus, Alison Hendrix, Rachel Duncan, Elizabeth Childs, Krystal Goderitch, Veera "M. K." Suominen, Katja Obinger, Jennifer Fitzsimmons and Tony Sawicki. Maslany won two Critics' Choice Television Awards and one TCA Award for her performance in the series, she was nominated for a Golden Globe Award for Best Actress for these roles, but lost to Robin Wright for House of Cards. In 2015, Maslany received a nomination for an Emmy award for her performance, but lost to Viola Davis for How to Get Away with Murder.
She won the category. Maslany received a nomination for Best Lead Actress in a Drama Series at the 7th Critics' Choice Television Awards, her third total nomination from the Broadcast Television Journalists Association. In 2014, The Guardian praised Maslany's performance in the series, calling it "Olympic-level acting", writing:Maslany plays half a dozen different clones over season one, with who knows how many more promised for the imminent second season... Delivering one creditable performance for a show is tough enough, but Maslany nails several here appearing in scenes as multiple versions interacting seamlessly; this is endurance acting. In 2013, Maslany guest starred on Recreation for a two-episode arc as Dr. Nadia Stasky, she portrayed the lead character Dylan in the independent film Cas and Dylan, for which she won a Phillip Borsos Award for Best Performance at the 2013 Whistler Film Festival. On June 11, 2013, Maslany signed with the US talent agency Resolution, which serves as her United States representation.
In Canada, she continues to be managed by Magnolia Entertainment and represented by Characters Talent Agency. The 2013 Juno Award ceremonies were held in Regina, Maslany's home town, Maslany was chosen as one of
Alexandrea Borstein is an American actress, writer and comedian. She is known for voicing Lois Griffin on the animated comedy series Family Guy. Borstein had lead roles as various characters on the sketch comedy series MADtv, Dawn Forchette in the medical comedy series Getting On, Susie Myerson in the historical comedy-drama series The Marvelous Mrs. Maisel, the latter of which earned her a Primetime Emmy Award, she had supporting roles in numerous films, including The Lizzie McGuire Movie, Good Night, Good Luck, Dinner for Schmucks, ParaNorman, A Million Ways to Die in the West. She spent her childhood in Deerfield, Illinois, a suburb of Chicago, before moving with her family to Northridge, California, a neighborhood of Los Angeles, she graduated from Chatsworth High School in 1989. Borstein is a graduate of San Francisco State University, she was trained in improvisational comedy at the ACME Comedy Theatre, near Hollywood and was selected to join the cast of MADtv after being scouted by talent agents.
Borstein was a writer and voice actor for several television shows, including Casper and the Brain, Power Rangers Zeo, before joining the cast of MADtv in 1997 as a featured player, becoming a repertory player mid-season. Borstein was born in Illinois, a city north of Chicago, she was raised in Deerfield, before her family moved to California. Borstein has two older brothers, her parents and Judy Borstein, are both mental health professionals. Borstein is Jewish, her father is from Georgia. Her mother, a Holocaust survivor, was born and raised in Budapest and moved to the United States after the Hungarian Revolution of 1956. Borstein attended San Francisco State University. Borstein trained in improv at the ACME Comedy Theater, where she met her writing partner and future husband Jackson Douglas. Shortly after they began working together on the animated series Casper and Pinky and the Brain, Borstein left her position at an ad agency – where she had written print ads for Barbie – to become a full-time writer.
In 1996, while still writing for Casper, Borstein worked on the show Power Rangers Zeo as the voice of Queen Machina, the queen of the Machine Empire. In 1997, Borstein became, she joined the cast as a featured player, but was upgraded to the repertory mid-season. Borstein was best known on MADtv for her character Ms. Swan; when Seth Green made recurring appearances on the show as mean boss Mr. Brightling, Borstein would play his mother, Mama Brightling. While working on MADtv, Borstein met Seth MacFarlane, preparing to launch the animated sitcom Family Guy on FOX. MacFarlane was supposed to create animated shorts for MADtv, but declined in favor of creating an independent series. MacFarlane cast Borstein as the voice of character Lois Griffin. After the show's debut in January 1999, Family Guy was cancelled by the network in 2002, but returned in 2005; as well as her role as the voice performer for Lois and several other characters, she is a producer and staff writer. She was nominated for a Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Voice-Over Performance for the episode "Lois Comes Out of Her Shell" in 2013.
In 2000, Borstein was cast as Sookie St. James in the WB drama Gilmore Girls, she portrayed Sookie in the pilot, but her MADtv contract prevented her from continuing in the role, recast with Melissa McCarthy. Borstein made recurring appearances on Gilmore Girls throughout the show's run, first as the harpist Drella and as the stylist Miss Celine; as a film actress, she played the school principal in The Lizzie McGuire Movie, the best friend of Halle Berry's character in Catwoman, an employee at CBS News in Good Night, Good Luck. She had a small role in the movie Bad Santa and an uncredited cameo as an obnoxious coffee shop patron in the Will Ferrell movie Kicking & Screaming. On some commercials, she sometimes voices Olive Oyl from Betty Boop. Borstein was a co-host of GSN's Celebrity Blackjack in 2004, she made at least three guest appearances, once as Lois Griffin, on the Comedy Central animated program Drawn Together. Borstein was cast as a press secretary in the 2007 sitcom pilot The Thick of It, but the series was not picked up for broadcast.
She was seen in the 2009 comedy For Christ's Sake, directed by her real-life husband Jackson Douglas. Borstein's production company is called Inc.. In 2007, they released the DVD Drop Dead Gorgeous, a recording of a live performance at the Alex Theatre, with opening act Teddy Towne; the title comes from one of many actual female character breakdowns Borstein reads from to illustrate sexism in the industry. Borstein has made several supporting appearances in such comedic films as Killers, Dinner for Schmucks, ParaNorman, A Million Ways to Die in the West, The Angry Birds Movie. In 2010, Borstein joined the first season staff of the Showtime comedy-drama series Shameless, as a writer and supervising producer. In its second season, she held the position of writer and consulting producer, she guest-starred as Lou Deckner in numerous episodes of the series, beginning in the first season e
David Kenneth Harbour is an American actor. He is best known for his role as Jim Hopper in the Netflix science fiction horror series Stranger Things, which has earned him a Critics' Choice Television Award in 2018, he has received Primetime Emmy Award and Golden Globe Award nominations for the role. Harbour was born in New York to parents Kenneth and Nancy Harbour. Both of his parents work in his mother in residential and his father in commercial, he attended Byram Hills High School in Armonk, New York, along with other actors Sean Maher and Eyal Podell. Harbour graduated from Dartmouth College in Hanover, New Hampshire in 1997, he was a member of Dartmouth's Sigma Phi Epsilon fraternity. Harbour began acting professionally on Broadway in the revival of The Rainmaker, he made his television debut that same year in an episode of Law & Order, playing a waiter. He appeared again in 2002 in an episode of Law & Order: Special Victims Unit, playing a child murderer. Harbour portrayed the recurring role of MI6 Agent Roger Anderson in the ABC series Pan Am.
In 2005, he was nominated for a Tony Award for his performance in a production of Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?. Harbour is known for his role as CIA Agent Gregg Beam in Quantum of Solace, as Shep Campbell in Revolutionary Road, as Russell Crowe's source in State of Play, he received praise for his role as spree killer Paul Devildis in a 2009 episode of Law & Order: Criminal Intent. Harbour's other film credits include Brokeback Mountain, The Green Hornet, End of Watch, Between Us. In 2013, he played a small role of a head doctor in the television series Elementary. From 2012 to 2014, he played the recurring role of Elliot Hirsch in The Newsroom. In 2014, Harbour played the recurring character of Dr. Reed Akley in the first season of the historical drama series Manhattan, he plays the lead role of Chief Jim Hopper in the Netflix science fiction horror series Stranger Things. For his role as Hopper, Harbour has received nominations for the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actor in a Drama Series and the Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor – Series, Miniseries or Television Film.
Harbour has won a Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by an Ensemble in a Drama Series along with the rest of the cast. Harbour portrayed the title character in the film reboot Hellboy, he will join Scarlett Johansson in the Marvel Cinematic Universe film Black Widow. David Harbour on IMDb David Harbour at the Internet Broadway Database David Harbour at the Internet Off-Broadway Database David Harbour at TV.com
Judith Therese Evans, known professionally as Judy Greer, is an American actress and author. She is known as a character actor who has appeared in a variety of comedic and dramatic films. A native of Detroit, Greer studied theater at DePaul University in Chicago before appearing in several independent films, she became known for her supporting roles in Jawbreaker, Three Kings, What Women Want, The Wedding Planner, Adaptation, 13 Going on 30, The Village, Elizabethtown, 27 Dresses and Love & Other Drugs. On television, she is known for playing Kitty Sanchez in Arrested Development, Fatty Magoo in It's Always Sunny in Philadelphia and voicing Cheryl Tunt in the animated series Archer since 2009, she stars in the Showtime comedy-drama series Kidding. In the 2010s, Greer has had supporting roles in The Descendants, Dawn of the Planet of the Apes, Jurassic World, War for the Planet of the Apes and Halloween. In the Marvel Cinematic Universe, she plays Maggie Lang in the Wasp, she directed A Happening of Monumental Proportions.
In 2011, Greer began hosting an online series of workout videos called Reluctantly Healthy, adapted by Litton Entertainment in 2014 as part of their Saturday morning One Magnificent Morning block for The CW. In 2014, she released her first autobiographical novel, titled I Don't Know What You Know Me From: Confessions of a Co-Star. Greer was born Judith Therese Evans on July 20, 1975 in Michigan, her mother, Mollie Ann, is a hospital administrator, her father, Rich Evans, is a mechanical engineer. Her mother was once a nun who had left the convent after eight years, being "kicked out" for wild behavior, including owning a red bathing suit. Greer was raised Roman Catholic, grew up in Redford Township and Livonia, she attended Churchill High School where she was a part of the Creative and Performing Arts Program and graduated from The Theatre School at DePaul University in 1997 with a Bachelor of Fine Arts degree. She adopted her mother's maiden name for her stage name, as there were several other actresses named Judy or Judi Evans.
Greer made her film debut in the horror film Stricken, in which she played a college student involved in a fatal prank. This was followed by a small role in the Chicago-filmed drama Kissing a Fool, she was cast in her first major role as Fern Mayo, a nerdy teenager who uncovers her classmates' murder of their friend, in Darren Stein's black comedy Jawbreaker. The film would go on to earn a cult following. Greer followed this with small parts in the romantic comedy films What Women Want and The Wedding Planner, opposite Jennifer Lopez, she was cast in a 2002 pilot for NBC alongside Stephen Colbert, Untitled Ken Finkleman Project, based on the Canadian show The Newsroom from Ken Finkleman. Colbert portrayed Greer played his sister. Greer had recurring role on the Fox comedy series Arrested Development, playing Kitty Sanchez in 10 episodes total and appearing in each of the series' three original seasons. In a 2009 interview, Greer said. Greer had supporting roles in Jawbreaker, What Women Want, The Wedding Planner, Adaptation, 13 Going on 30, The Village, Elizabethtown, 27 Dresses, Love Happens.
Greer made guest appearances on Just Shoot Me!, CSI: Miami, My Name Is Earl, It's Always Sunny in Philadelphia, Californication, ER, Modern Family, The Big Bang Theory, How I Met Your Mother and Warren the Ape. She took on a starring role in the ABC sitcom Miss Guided, she starred in the indie satire Visioneers. In April 2008, Greer appeared as a yoga instructor in the "Get a Mac" ad series featuring John Hodgman and Justin Long. Greer starred in a CBS sitcom entitled Mad Love, which premiered in February 2011 as a mid-season replacement; the show was canceled after the first season. Greer is a voice actress, voicing the character of Cheryl on the animated comedy series Archer, a character, compared to her role on Arrested Development, the character of Wendy Park on the stop-motion animated sitcom Glenn Martin, DDS. Greer has portrayed two characters on Two and a Half Men. In November 2011, Greer was honored with the Independent Spirit John Cassavetes Award at the Denver Film Festival, where two films featuring Greer were in the festival's programming, including a red carpet screening of Alexander Payne's The Descendants and Jay and Mark Duplass' Jeff, Who Lives at Home.
She is the first actress to be honored with the award. In late 2012, Greer made her Broadway debut playing Jenny in Dead Accounts, a short-lived new comedy by Theresa Rebeck starring Katie Holmes, Norbert Leo Butz, Jayne Houdyshell and Josh Hamilton, she played the gym teacher Miss Desjardin in the 2013 horror remake Carrie alongside Chloë Grace Moretz and Julianne Moore, played female chimp Cornelia in Dawn of the Planet of the Apes. In 2014, Greer made her directorial debut, with a short film for Quiet Time. Greer starred with Nat Faxon in the FX comedy series Married, which premiered in July 2014. In 2015, Greer co-starred among others. In 2016, she debuted in the lead voice rol
An animated cartoon is a film for the cinema, television or computer screen, made using sequential drawings, as opposed to animation in general, which include films made using clay, puppets, 3D modeling and other means. Animated cartoons are still created for entertainment, commercial and personal purposes. Early examples of attempts to capture the phenomenon of motion into a still drawing can be found in paleolithic cave paintings, where animals are depicted with multiple legs in superimposed positions attempting to convey the perception of motion. A 5,200-year old pottery bowl discovered in Shahr-e Sukhteh, has five sequential images painted around it that seem to show phases of a goat leaping up to nip at a tree; the phenakistoscope and praxinoscope, as well as the common flip book, were early animation devices to produce movement from sequential drawings using technological means, but did not develop further until the advent of motion picture film. The first person to make animated movies was a French science teacher named, Charles-Emile Reynaud.
The first animated projection was created in France, by Charles-Émile Reynaud, a French science teacher. Reynaud created the Praxinoscope in 1877 and the Théâtre Optique in December 1888. On 28 October 1892, he projected the first animation in public, Pauvre Pierrot, at the Musée Grévin in Paris; this film is notable as the first known instance of film perforations being used. His films were not drawn directly onto the transparent strip. In 1900, more than 500,000 people had attended these screenings; the first animated projection was Humorous Phases of Funny Faces by newspaper cartoonist J. Stuart Blackton, one of the co-founders of the Vitagraph Company arrived. In the film, a cartoonist's line drawings of two faces were'animated' on a blackboard; the two faces smiled and winked, the cigar-smoking man blew smoke in the lady's face. The first animated projection in the traditional sense was Fantasmagorie by the French director Émile Cohl in 1908; this was followed by two more films, Le Cauchemar du fantoche and Un Drame chez les fantoches, all completed in 1908.
One of the first successful animated cartoons was Gertie the Dinosaur by Winsor McCay. It is considered the first example of true character animation. At first, animated cartoons were silent. Felix the Cat and Oswald the Lucky Rabbit are notable examples. From the 1920s to 1960s, theatrical cartoons were produced in huge numbers, shown before a feature film in a movie theater. Disney, Warner Bros. MGM, UPA were the largest studios producing these 5- to 10-minute "shorts." Other studios included Walter Lantz, DePatie-Freleng, Van Beuren Studios, ComiColor Cartoons, Charles Mintz Studios, Famous Studios, Terrytoons. The first cartoon to use a soundtrack was in 1926 with Max Fleischer's My Old Kentucky Home; however the Fleischers used a De Forest sound system and the sound was not synchronized with the film. Walt Disney's 1928 cartoon Steamboat Willie starring Mickey Mouse was the first to use a click track during the recording session, which produced better synchronism. "Mickey Mousing" became a term for any movie action, synchronized with music.
The music used is original most of the time, but musical quotation is employed. Animated characters performed the action in "loops," i.e. drawings were repeated over and over. Although other producers had made films earlier using 2-strip color, Disney produced the first cartoon in 3-strip Technicolor and Trees, in 1932. Technicians at the Fleischer studio invented rotoscoping, in which animators trace live action in order to make animation look more realistic. However, rotoscoping made the animation look stiff and the technique was used more for studying human and animal movement, rather than directly tracing and copying filmed movements. Other movie technologies were adapted for use in animation, such as multiplane cameras with The Old Mill, stereophonic sound in Fantasia, widescreen processes with the feature-length Lady and the Tramp, 3D with Lumber Jack-Rabbit. Today, traditional animation is aided by computers in certain areas; this gives the animator new tools not available. In 1917, Italian-Argentine cartoonist Quirino Cristiani created the first animated feature made, El Apóstol, utilizing cutout animation.
In 1937, Disney created the first sound and color animated feature film, Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs. The name "animated cartoon" is not used when referring to full-length animated productions, since the term more or less implies a "short." Huge numbers of animated feature films were, are still, produced. Competition from television drew audiences away from movie theaters in the late 1950s, the theatrical cartoon began its decline. Tod