Lenore Carol Blum is an American computer scientist and mathematician a distinguished professor of computer science at Carnegie Mellon University. She is known for her contributions to the theory of real number computation, for her invention of a cryptographically secure pseudorandom number generator, for her efforts to increase the diversity of mathematics and computer science. Blum was born in New York City, where her mother was a science teacher in a New York City school, moved Venezuela at the age of nine. After graduating from her Venezuelan high school at age 16, she studied architecture at Carnegie Institute of Technology beginning in 1959, she shifted fields to mathematics in 1960 but, because of the early curfews in place for the women's dorms at the Carnegie Institute, was unable to study with male colleagues. She married Manuel Blum a student at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, transferred in 1961 to Simmons College, a private women's liberal arts college in Boston. Simmons did not have a strong mathematics program but she was able to take mathematics classes at MIT, graduating from Simmons with a B.
S. in mathematics in 1963. She received her Ph. D. in mathematics from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1968. Her dissertation, Generalized Algebraic Theories: A Model Theoretic Approach, was supervised by Gerald Sacks, she had switched to being advised by Sacks after being unable to follow an earlier advisor in his move to Princeton University because, at the time, Princeton did not accept female graduate students. After completing her doctorate, Blum went to the University of California at Berkeley to work with Julia Robinson as a postdoctoral fellow and lecturer in mathematics. However, the department had no permanent positions for women, after two years, her position as lecturer was not renewed. In 1971 she became one of the founders of the Association for Women in Mathematics. In 1973 she joined the faculty of Mills College, a women's college in the Oakland hills near Berkeley. In 1974 she founded the mathematics and computer science department at Mills, at that time the only computer science program at a women's college.
She served as the co-head of the department for 13 years. From 1975 to 1978 she served as the third president of the Association for Women in Mathematics. In 1979 she was awarded the first Letts-Villard Chair at Mills. In 1983 Blum won a National Science Foundation CAREER award to work with Michael Shub for two years at the CUNY Graduate Center. In 1987 she spent a year at IBM. In 1992 Blum became the deputy director of the Mathematical Sciences Research Institute, otherwise known as MSRI. After visiting the City University of Hong Kong for a year, she became a Distinguished Professor of Computer Science at Carnegie Mellon University in 1999. At CMU, she took the philosophy that the low numbers of women majoring in computer science were in part caused by a vicious cycle: because there were few women, the women in computer science had fewer support networks than men, and because these factors made being a computer scientist less pleasant and more difficult for the women, fewer women chose to major in computer science.
Instead of the then-popular approach of changing the curriculum to be more application-centric in the hope of attracting women, she pushed to maintain a traditional computer science program but to change the culture surrounding the program to be more welcoming. In support of this goal, she founded the Women@SCS program at CMU, which provided both mentoring and outreach opportunities for women in computer science. Through this program, which came to be directed by Blum's student Carol Frieze, CMU was able to increase the proportion of women in the undergraduate computer science program to nearly 50%. Blum founded Project Olympus at CMU, a business incubator program that led to many startups in Pittsburgh associated with CMU and its computer program, she resigned from CMU in 2018 after a change in management structure of Project Olympus led to sexist treatment of her and the exclusion of other women from project activities. The Blum Blum Shub pseudorandom number generator, published jointly by Blum, Manuel Blum, Michael Shub, is based on the operation of squaring numbers modulo the products of two large primes.
Its security can be reduced to the computational hardness assumption that integer factorization is infeasible. Blum is known for the Blum–Shub–Smale machine, a theoretical model of computation over the real numbers. Blum and her co-authors, Michael Shub and Stephen Smale, showed that one can define analogues of NP-completeness and universality for this model. For instance, in this model it is undecidable to determine whether a given point belongs to the Mandelbrot set, she published a book on the subject, in 1990 she gave an address at the International Congress of Mathematicians on computational complexity theory and real computation. In 2002, Blum was selected to be a Noether Lecturer. In 2005, Blum was a recipient of the Presidential Award for Excellence in Science and Engineering Mentoring, given by president George W. Bush "for her efforts to mentor girls and women in technology fields where traditionally they are underrepresented", she was given the Simmons University 2018 Distinguished Alumnae Lifetime Achievement Award in 2018.
Blum was elected as a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science in 1979. In 2012, Blum became a fellow of the American Mathematical Society. In 2017 she was selected as a fellow of the Association for Women in M
Oneonta, New York
Oneonta is a city in southern Otsego County, New York, United States. It is one of the northernmost cities of the Appalachian Region. According to the 2010 U. S. Census, Oneonta had a population of 13,901, its nickname is "City of the Hills." While the word "oneonta" is of undetermined origin, it is popularly believed to mean "place of open rocks" in the Mohawk language. This refers to a prominent geological formation known as "Table Rock" at the western end of the city; the city is surrounded by the town of a separate municipal and political jurisdiction. Oneonta Municipal Airport is north of the city. Indigenous ancestors of Algonquin and Iroquoian-speaking Native Americans inhabited the land in the territory of Oneonta for thousands of years before European colonists settled in the area; the Five Nations of the Iroquois Confederacy are believed to have emerged and gained dominance prior to the 15th century. The area's early European-American settlers did not arrive until around 1775 and consisted of ethnic Palatine German and Dutch settlers moving out of the Hudson and eastern Mohawk valleys.
The first such settler in the area now known as the Town of Oneonta was Henry Scramling. He had secured a grant of 1,000 acres in the Susquehanna Valley, moved from German Flatts and settled about 1773 in the Oneonta Plains near the mouth of the Otego Creek, he left during the Revolution and returned after the conflict with his brothers and David Scramling, his brothers-in-law and David Young. Their farms were not far from the mouth of the Otego Creek; the army led by General James Clinton passed through the area in order to join the Sullivan Expedition in 1779 against Iroquois settlements. The first hamlet developed around 1800 and was known as "Milfordville." In 1830, the Town of Oneonta was formed from parts of two other Towns in the county. Milfordville changed its name to Oneonta in 1832. In 1848, it was incorporated as a village within the Town. In the mid-19th century, the Delaware and Hudson Railroad reached Oneonta, stimulating development as a railroad center and attracting new industries.
Oneonta was once home to the largest locomotive roundhouse in the world. The village incorporated as a city in 1908. Oneonta is located at 42°27′21″N 75°3′44″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.4 square miles, all land. The city is in the northern foothills of the Catskill Mountains, lying between Binghamton and Albany; the Susquehanna River flows westward past the south part of the city. Interstate 88 follows the course of the Susquehanna River past Oneonta. New York State Route 7, New York State Route 23 and New York State Route 28 pass through the city; the architecture of Oneonta consists of a variety of Victorian and 20th-century commercial and domestic styles, including low-rise commercial buildings. Oneonta has few industrial complexes; because of its location, Oneonta does not serve as a prime industrial city. There are several historic buildings that were homes of prominent people; the Fairchild Mansion was placed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1974 and was the home of George Winthrop Fairchild, one of the original partners with Thomas Watson.
Fairchild and Watson were the founders of what became IBM. George I. Wilber House is a historic home located in the City, it was built in two phases, 1875 and about 1890. It is a three-story wood-frame structure on a stone foundation in the Late Victorian style, it features a three-story, round corner tower, cross gabled roof, a large decorative wrap-around porch with a porte-cochere. In 1997 it became home to the Upper Catskill Community Council of the Arts, it was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2000. Listed on the National Register of Historic Places are: Bresee Hall, Chapin Memorial Church, Ford Block, Fortin Site, Municipal Building, Oneonta Armory, Stonehouse Farm, Oneonta Theatre, Old Post Office, Oneonta Downtown Historic District, Walnut Street Historic District; the tallest building in Oneonta is Nader Towers. Standing 9 stories high, the building is owned by the City of Oneonta Housing Authority and is operated as a senior citizen's housing dwelling; as of the census of 2000, there were 13,292 people, 4,253 households, 1,913 families residing in the city.
The population density was 3,032.6 people per square mile. There were 4,574 housing units at an average density of 403.2 persons/km². The racial makeup of the city was 89.81% White, 4.87% Black, 0.21% Native American, 1.68% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 0.95% from other races, 1.69% from two or more races. 3.87 % of the population were Latino of any race. There were 4,253 households out of which 22.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 31.4% were married couples living together, 10.5% have a woman whose husband does not live with her, 55.0% were non-families. 36.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.20 and the average family size was 2.87. In the city, the population was spread out with 13.6% under the age of 18, 43.1% from 18 to 24, 17.6% from 25 to 44, 13.8% from 45 to 64, 11.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 23 years. For every 100 females, there were 82.8 males.
For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.7 males. The median income for a household in the city was $24,671, the median income for a family was $40,833. Males had a median income of $31,250 versus $25,338 for females. Th
Herbert A. Simon
Herbert Alexander Simon was an American economist, political scientist and cognitive psychologist, whose primary research interest was decision-making within organizations and is best known for the theories of "bounded rationality" and "satisficing". He received the Nobel Prize in Economics in 1978 and the Turing Award in 1975, his research was noted for its interdisciplinary nature and spanned across the fields of cognitive science, computer science, public administration and political science. He was at Carnegie Mellon University for most of his career, from 1949 to 2001. Notably, Simon was among the pioneers of several modern-day scientific domains such as artificial intelligence, information processing, decision-making, problem-solving, organization theory, complex systems, he was among the earliest to analyze the architecture of complexity and to propose a preferential attachment mechanism to explain power law distributions. Herbert Alexander Simon was born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, on June 15, 1916.
His father, Arthur Simon, was a Jewish electrical engineer who had come to the United States from Germany in 1903 after earning his engineering degree from the Technische Hochschule of Darmstadt. An inventor, granted "several dozen patents", his father was an independent patent attorney, his mother, Edna Marguerite Merkel, was an accomplished pianist whose ancestors had come from Prague and Cologne. His European ancestors had been piano makers and vintners. Simon's father was Jewish and his mother came from a family with Jewish and Catholic backgrounds. Simon called himself an atheist. Simon was educated in the Milwaukee public school system, he found schoolwork to be rather easy. Unlike many children, Simon was exposed to the idea that human behavior could be studied scientifically at a young age due to the influence of his mother's younger brother, Harold Merkel, who had studied economics at the University of Wisconsin–Madison under John R. Commons. Through his uncle's books on economics and psychology, Simon discovered the social sciences.
Among his earliest influences, Simon has cited Richard Ely's economics textbook, Norman Angell's The Great Illusion, Henry George's Progress and Poverty. At that time, Simon argued "from conviction, rather than cussedness" in favor of George's controversial "single tax" on land rents. In 1933, Simon entered the University of Chicago, following those early influences, he studied the social sciences and mathematics, he was interested in biology, but chose not to study it because of his "color-blindness and awkwardness in the laboratory". He chose instead to focus on political science and economics, his most important mentor was an econometrician and mathematical economist. Simon received both his B. A. and his Ph. D. in political science, from the University of Chicago, where he studied under Harold Lasswell, Nicolas Rashevsky, Rudolf Carnap, Henry Schultz, Charles Edward Merriam. After enrolling in a course on "Measuring Municipal Governments", Simon was invited to be a research assistant for Clarence Ridley, with whom he coauthored Measuring Municipal Activities in 1938.
His studies led him to the field of organizational decision-making, which would become the subject of his doctoral dissertation. After graduating with his undergraduate degree, Simon obtained a research assistantship in municipal administration which turned into a directorship at the University of California, Berkeley. From 1942 to 1949, Simon was a professor of political science and served as department chairman at Illinois Institute of Technology in Chicago. There, he began participating in the seminars held by the staff of the Cowles Commission who at that time included Trygve Haavelmo, Jacob Marschak, Tjalling Koopmans, he thus began an in-depth study of economics in the area of institutionalism. Marschak brought Simon in to assist in the study he was undertaking with Sam Schurr of the "prospective economic effects of atomic energy". From 1949 to 2001, Simon was a faculty at Carnegie Mellon. In 1949, Simon became a professor of administration and chairman of the Department of Industrial Management at Carnegie Tech.
Simon also taught psychology and computer science in the same university. Simon married Dorothea Pye in 1938, their marriage lasted 63 years until his death. In January 2001, Simon underwent surgery at UPMC Presbyterian to remove a cancerous tumor in his abdomen. Although the surgery was successful, Simon succumbed to the complications that followed, they had three children, Katherine and Barbara. His wife died in 2002. From 1950 to 1955, Simon studied mathematical economics and during this time, together with David Hawkins and proved the Hawkins–Simon theorem on the "conditions for the existence of positive solution vectors for input-output matrices", he developed theorems on near-decomposability and aggregation. Having begun to apply these theorems to organizations, by 1954 Simon determined that the best way to study problem-solving was to simulate it with computer programs, which led to his interest in computer simulation of human cognition. Founded during the 1950s, he was among the first members of the Society for General Systems Research.
Simon had a keen interest in the arts. He was a friend of Richard Rappaport. Rappaport painted Simon's commissioned portrait at Carnegie Mellon University, he was a keen mountain climber. As a testament to his wide interests, he at one point taught an undergraduate course on the French Revolution. Seeking to replace the highl
Serge Lang was a French-American mathematician and activist who taught at Yale University for most of his career. He is known for his work in number theory and for his mathematics textbooks, including the influential Algebra, he was a member of the Bourbaki group. As an activist, he campaigned against the nomination of the political scientist Samuel P. Huntington to the National Academies of Science, descended into AIDS denialism, claiming that HIV had not been proven to cause AIDS and protesting Yale's research into HIV/AIDS. Lang was born in Saint-Germain-en-Laye, close to Paris, in 1927, he had a twin brother who became a sister who became an actress. Lang moved with his family to California as a teenager, where he graduated in 1943 from Beverly Hills High School, he subsequently graduated from the California Institute of Technology in 1946, received a doctorate from Princeton University in 1951. He held faculty positions at the University of Chicago, Columbia University, Yale University. Lang studied under Emil Artin at Princeton University, writing his thesis on quasi-algebraic closure, worked on the geometric analogues of class field theory and diophantine geometry.
He moved into diophantine approximation and transcendental number theory, proving the Schneider–Lang theorem. A break in research while he was involved in trying to meet 1960s student activism halfway caused him difficulties in picking up the threads afterwards, he wrote on modular forms and modular units, the idea of a'distribution' on a profinite group, value distribution theory. He made a number of conjectures in diophantine geometry: Mordell–Lang conjecture, Bombieri–Lang conjecture, Lang–Trotter conjecture, the Lang conjecture on analytically hyperbolic varieties, he introduced the Lang map, the Katz–Lang finiteness theorem, the Lang–Steinberg theorem in algebraic groups. Lang was a prolific writer of mathematical texts completing one on his summer vacation. Most are at the graduate level, he wrote calculus texts and prepared a book on group cohomology for Bourbaki. Lang's Algebra, a graduate-level introduction to abstract algebra, was a influential text that ran through numerous updated editions.
His Steele prize citation stated, "Lang's Algebra changed the way graduate algebra is taught... It has affected all subsequent graduate-level algebra books." It contained ideas of Artin. Lang was noted for his eagerness for contact with students, he was described as a passionate teacher who would throw chalk at students who he believed were not paying attention. One of his colleagues recalled: "He would rave in front of his students, he would say,'Our two aims are truth and clarity, to achieve these I will shout in class.'" He won a Leroy P. Steele Prize for Mathematical Exposition from the American Mathematical Society. In 1960, he won the sixth Frank Nelson Cole Prize in Algebra for his paper Unramified class field theory over function fields in several variables. Lang spent much of his professional time engaged in political activism, he was a staunch socialist and active in opposition to the Vietnam War, volunteering for the 1966 anti-war campaign of Robert Scheer. Lang quit his position at Columbia in 1971 in protest over the university's treatment of anti-war protesters.
Lang engaged in several efforts to challenge anyone he believed was spreading misinformation or misusing science or mathematics to further their own goals. He attacked the 1977 Survey of the American Professoriate, an opinion questionnaire that Seymour Martin Lipset and E. C. Ladd had sent to thousands of college professors in the United States, accusing it of containing numerous biased and loaded questions; this led to a public and acrimonious conflict. In 1986, Lang mounted what the New York Times described as a "one-man challenge" against the nomination of political scientist Samuel P. Huntington to the National Academy of Sciences. Lang described Huntington's research, in particular his use of mathematical equations to demonstrate that South Africa was a "satisfied society", as "pseudoscience", arguing that it gave "the illusion of science without any of its substance." Despite support for Huntington from the Academy's social and behavioral scientists, Lang's challenge was successful, Huntington was twice rejected for Academy membership.
Huntington's supporters argued that Lang's opposition was political rather than scientific in nature. Lang kept his political correspondence and related documentation in extensive "files", he would send letters or publish articles, wait for responses, engage the writers in further correspondence, collect all these writings together and point out what he considered contradictions. He mailed these files to people he considered important, his extensive file criticizing Nobel laureate David Baltimore was published in the journal Ethics and Behaviour in January 1993. Lang fought the decision by Yale University to hire Daniel Kevles, a historian of science, because Lang disagreed with Kevles' analysis in The Baltimore Case. Lang's most controversial political stance was as an AIDS denialist.
Steven A. LeBlanc
Steven A. LeBlanc is an American archaeologist and former director of collections at the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology at Harvard University's Peabody Museum, he is prehistoric warfare. His books have run counter to the once widespread notion of peaceful preliterate cultures. However, he continues that tradition in asserting that all preliterate cultures were similar, with the same cultural responses to being stressed. Azar Gat expresses similar arguments in the first chapters of War in Human Civilization; some scholars have disputed the claim that all primitive peoples in the American Southwest were warlike. The archaeologists Paul and Suzanne Fish have concluded that there is minimal evidence of conflict in the Hohokam regions. Todd Bostwick has argued that the hilltop sites most had religious or astronomical rather than military purposes. Ann Hibner Koblitz surveyed the work of LeBlanc and his followers, wrote: On the basis of scant evidence, they have created a story of prehistoric militarism that harmonizes well with early 21st-century U.
S. political culture. Whether this warlike image has much bearing on the actual lives and pursuits of indigenous Southwest populations of the 11th through 15th centuries is, open to doubt. Explanation in Archeology, with Patty Jo Watson and Charles L. Redman. Columbia University Press. 1971. Translated into Spanish as En Metodo cientifico en arqueologia 1974. Alianza Universidad Press, Madrid. An Archeological Synthesis of South Central and Southwestern New Mexico, with Michael E. Whalen and contributions by R. Anyon, P. A. Gilman, P. E. Minnis, D. Rugge and M. Nelson. Office of Contract Archaeology. University of New Mexico, Albuquerque. 1979 Vandalism of Cultural Resources: The Growing Threat to Our Nation's Heritage, with Dee F. Green Cultural Resource Report No. 28, U. S. F. S. Southwestern Region, Albuquerque. 1979 The Mimbres People: Ancient Painters of the American Southwest. Thames and Hudson. London, New York. 1983 Mimbres Pottery: Ancient Art of the American Southwest, with J. J. Brody and Catherine J. Scott.
Hudson Hills Press, New York. 1983 The Galaz Ruin: A prehistoric Mimbres village in Southwestern New Mexico, with Roger Anyon. Contributions by Paul Minnis, James Lancaster and Margaret C. Nelson. University of New Mexico Press, Albuquerque. 1984 Archeological Explanation, with Patty Jo Watson and Charles Redman. Columbia University Press, New York. 1984 Short-Term Sedentism in the American Southwest: The Mimbres Valley Salado, with Ben A. Nelson. Contributions by James W. Lancaster, Paul E. Minnis, Margaret C. Nelson; the University of New Mexico Press, Albuquerque. 1986 Girikihaciyan: A Halaf site in Southeastern Turkey, with Patty J. Watson. Institute of Archaeology, University of California, Los Angeles. 1990 Prehistoric Warfare in the American Southwest. University of Utah Press. Salt Lake City. 1999 "Early Pithouse Villages of the Mimbres Valley and Beyond: The McAnally and Thompson Sites in their Cultural and Ecological Contexts, with Michael W. Diehl", Papers of the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology.
Vol. 83. Harvard University. 2001 Deadly Landscapes: Case Studies in Prehistoric Southwestern Warfare. Editor with Glen Rice. University of Utah Press. 2001 Constant Battles: The Myth of the Peaceful, Noble Savage with Katherine E. Register. St. Martin’s Press. New York. 2003. Translated into Estonian as: Lakkamatud taplused: Müüt Rahumeelsest ja õilsast metslasest. Olion: Tallinn 2004. Painted by a Distant Hand: Mimbres Pottery from the American Southwest, Peabody Museum Collection Series, Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University. 2004 Symbols in Clay: Seeking Artists’ Identities in Hopi Yellow Ware Bowls with Lucia Henderson", Papers of the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Vol. 84. Harvard University. 2009
Hartwick College is a non-denominational, four-year liberal arts and sciences college in Oneonta, New York. The institution's origin is rooted in the founding of Hartwick Seminary in 1797 through the will of John Christopher Hartwick. In 1927, Hartwick Seminary moved to expand into a four-year college and was offered land by the city of Oneonta to move to Hartwick College's current location; the school has 1,200 undergraduate students from 30 states and 22 countries, 187 faculty members and the student-faculty ratio is 11-1. Hartwick Seminary was founded in 1797 through the will of John Christopher Hartwick, a Lutheran minister from Germany who led several mission congregations of early settlers along the Hudson River and the Mohawk River in what is now upstate New York, his dream of establishing an institution of higher learning became a reality shortly after his death, with the founding of Hartwick Seminary in 1797. In 1816, the New York State Legislature incorporated the new school—the first Lutheran seminary in America—as a classical academy and theological seminary in Hartwick, near Cooperstown.
The school moved to its present location in Oneonta in 1928, when Hartwick was incorporated as a four-year college. The land for the campus was donated by the City of Oneonta. Bresee Hall, today the oldest building on campus, was designed by noted architect John Russell Pope and built in 1928, it was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2004. The college's ties to the Lutheran Church ended in the 1960s and it now carries no religious affiliation. In May, 2016, President Margaret L. Drugovich was awarded a new eight-year contract by the Board of Trustees to continue serving as president, which she subsequently accepted. In July, 2016, the college set a fundraising record by securing more than $34 million through its latest capital campaign, exceeding the original goal of $32 million. Hartwick College offers 31 majors and 24 areas of study leading to a Bachelor of Arts or Bachelor of Science degree. In addition, it offers 11 minors, pre-professional programs in law, medicine and allied health professions.
Students can choose a concentration within their major. The pre-engineering program at Hartwick is has cooperative agreements with both at Columbia University and Clarkson University that allow students to spend three years at Hartwick and two years at one of the other schools studying engineering. Successful completion brings a bachelor's degree from Hartwick and an engineering degree from Clarkson or Columbia. Hartwick's three-year bachelor's degree program allows qualified students to receive a degree in three years, as opposed to the traditional four. Since its launch in 2009, the program has sparked national interest for quality; the Liberal Arts in Practice curriculum merges traditional liberal arts study, personalized teaching, experiential learning. Hartwick encourages students to gain real-world experience through internships, volunteer work, job shadowing. Hartwick assists in networking and job-shadowing programs in career locations such as Boston, New York City, other local venues Hartwick College is accredited by the Middle States Commission on Higher Education, Middle States Commission on Higher Education and the Commission on Collegiate Nursing Education.
The American Chemical Society approved the Bachelor of Science degree program in chemistry. Since 2009, Hartwick has offered a three-year bachelor's degree program, which allows students to receive an undergraduate degree in liberal arts in three years instead of four; this reduces tuition by about 25%. No summer coursework is required, so three-year students can work, intern or travel during summer breaks. There is no required online component, all courses are taught by Hartwick faculty. Students in the program take on a larger course load in each of their six semesters. Most majors are included in the program; every year, about 200-300 Hartwick students participate in 15-23 off-campus courses, taught by Hartwick faculty. Nearly every off-campus program is open to new students. All are open to non-majors, with the exception of Trans-cultural Nursing in Jamaica. There are many scholarships available to support students who choose to study abroad during the college's January Term. Several international study-abroad scholarships are available: the Florence and George Hutman Scholarship, the Dobert Family Scholarship and the Andrew and Betty Anderson Scholarship.
Hartwick offers students two scholarships for international research: The Duffy Family Ambassador Scholarship, which supports students’ educational travel abroad with awards of up to $5,000. Awards go to students with demonstrated financial need who make a strong case for the value of their proposed program abroad; the Emerson Foundation Scholarship, which offers up to $5,000 for international academic internships or directed study. Scholarships are open to sophomore, junior or senior students of all majors who are pursuing an experience for academic credit. One of the hallmarks of a Hartwick education is faculty-student collaboration on research; each year, many student present their work at national conferences. Every spring, the college hosts a Student Scholar Showcase, a day-long event that highlights student-based research; the event is open to the public. In 2017, U. S. News & World Report ranked Hartwick College 159th in its National Liberal Arts College Rankings. In 2013, U. S. News & World Report ranked Hartwick 21st among all U.
S. colleges and universities for the percentage of students who study abroad. Hartwick College is ranked 59th for liberal arts colleges on Payscale.com's 2016-17 list of highest-paid graduates. Business I