Anna Jean Ayres was an American occupational therapist, educational psychologist and advocate for individuals with special needs. She became known for her work on sensory integration theory. Born on a walnut farm in Visalia, California in 1920, Ayres' parents and Louise Ayres, were both school teachers. Growing up, Ayres claimed to have symptoms similar to the dysfunctions she would study. Ayres received her B. A. in occupational therapy in 1945, her M. A. in occupational therapy in 1954, her PhD in educational psychology in 1961, all from the University of Southern California in Los Angeles. She began her post-doctoral work in the UCLA Brain Research Institute from 1964 to 1966 under Dr. Arthur Parmelee, she was a faculty member in the occupational therapy and special education departments at the University of Southern California from 1955 to 1984. Ayres wrote more than thirty journal articles. In 1975 she standardized tests known as the Southern California Sensory Integration Tests and revised the Sensory Integration and Praxis Tests in 1989.
In 1976, Ayres founded a private pediatric practice called the Ayres Clinic in Torrance, California where she conducted occupational therapy assessment and intervention on children and adults with a variety of disorders, including learning disabilities and autism. Building on the work of Charles S. Sherrington and others, she began developing the theory and associated intervention techniques of sensory integration in the 1950s by examining the relationship between the brain and behavior. By the 1960s, Dr. Ayres recognized and described “hidden disabilities” or “dysfunction in sensory integrative processes", which she referred to as sensory integrative dysfunction, she originated the theory to “explain the relationship between deficits in interpreting sensation from the body and the environment and difficulties with academic or motor learning.” Between 1968 and 1989, Ayres used tests of sensory integrative and practical functions with children with and without learning and sensorimotor difficulties.
These were published as "Southern California Sensory Integration Tests" and revised as "Sensory Integration and Praxis Tests. She published numerous factor analyses of assessment findings that allowed her to identify patterns of sensory integrative dysfunction, which were confirmed by other researchers and expanded upon. “Sensory integration theory is used to explain why individuals behave in particular ways, plan intervention to ameliorate particular difficulties, predict how behavior will change as a result of intervention”. Dr Ayres defined sensory integration as "the organization of sensations for use. Our senses give us information about the physical conditions of our body and the environment around us... The brain must organize all of our sensations if a person is to move and learn and behave in a productive manner". Ayres published her definition of "sensory integration" in 1972 as the neurological process that organizes sensation from one’s own body and from the environment and makes it possible to use the body within the environment.
In 1979, Dr. Ayres published Sensory Integration and the Child, a book to “help parents to recognize sensory integrative problems in their child, understand what is going on, do something to help their child” As an intervention approach, Sensory integration therapy is used as “a clinical frame of reference for the assessment and treatment of people who have functional disorders in sensory processing”. Ayres considered sensory integration intervention "a speciality of occupational therapy". Thus, the assessment and intervention from a sensory integration perspective are most used by occupational therapy practitioners in their treatment of children with difficulties in occupational performance and participation related to sensory integrative or sensory processing dysfunction, she developed the intervention approach through empirical research Many professionals hold that Dr. Ayres created one of the first structures for evidence-based practice in occupational therapy through her theory development, model development, assessment development and intervention strategies.
A recent review concluded that SIT is "ineffective and that its theoretical underpinnings and assessment practices are unvalidated." Moreover the authors warned that SIT techniques exist "outside the bounds of established evidence-based practice" and that SIT is "quite possible a misuse of limited resources."Sensory integration theory and practice has been met with resistance within the occupational therapy profession as well as other disciplines. Ayres received numerous honors from the American Occupational Therapy Association --including the Eleanor Clarke Slagle Lectureship, the Award of Merit, a charter membership in the AOTA Academy of Research—and was named in the Roster of Fellows, she has been described by her students and colleagues as “a pioneer in affective neuroscience”, a “developmental theorist”, “one of the original perceptual motor theorists”, “a pioneer in our understanding of developmental dyspraxia”, “an astute observer of human behavior and neurological development”. She was dedicated to the promotion of science-driven intervention strategies leading a better quality of life for people with disabilities and their families.
“Her work made major inroads into the understanding of clinical neuroscience, the importance of experience in brain development, the role
The mayor shall preside over all meetings of the Cincinnati City Council. The mayor may call a special meeting of the council, he has the power to propose legislation for debate among the council. The mayor shall appoint and may remove the vice-mayor and the chair of all committees of the council without the advice and consent of the council; the mayor of Cincinnati shall be recognized as the official head and representative of the city for all purposes, except as provided otherwise in the city charter of Cincinnati. He may appoint a city manager upon an affirmative vote of five members of the city council following the mayor's recommendation; the mayor shall deliver an annual address to the council and citizens of the city reporting on the state of the city and making recommendations for the establishment and achievement of future city goals. In time of public danger or emergency, the mayor, with the consent of the council, may take command of the police, maintain order and enforce the law. In the event of the death, removal or resignation of the mayor, the Vice Mayor of Cincinnati shall succeed to the office of mayor in accordance with the city charter.
Until the charter of 1815, the President of the council served as equivalent of mayor. Two sources agree on the list of Presidents:Prior to 1925 the mayor of Cincinnati, Ohio was elected in a separate, partisan election. In 1924, the Charter Party, a local third-party, was founded, it has elected members of mayors. Until 1961, many Democrats ran as Charterites; the party focuses on local government. From 1925 through 1998, the mayor was chosen by the city council from among its nine members. In 1971, a coalition of two parties, the Democrats and the Charterites, worked out a power-sharing plan, starting in 1973, resulted in a rotating mayorship. After a few years of rotation, they decided that the city council member who received the most votes in the election would automatically become mayor. In 1999, Charlie Luken became the first mayor to take office under a restored system of direct mayoral election. In 1900, Julius Fleischmann became the youngest mayor of Cincinnati at the age of 28 years. Dorothy N. Dolbey was the first female mayor of the City of Cincinnati.
In 2006, Mark Mallory was the first directly elected African-American Mayor of Cincinnati. Election Results, Mayor of Cincinnati, Ohio Election Results, City Council of Cincinnati, Ohio Timeline of Cincinnati
November 22 - Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar - November 24 All fixed commemorations below are observed on December 6 by Eastern Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar. For November 23, Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar commemorate the Saints listed on November 10. Afterfeast of the Entry of the Most Holy Theotokos into the Temple. Martyr Myrope of Chios, under Decius Saint Sisinius the Confessor, Bishop of Cyzicus Venerable Ischyrion, Bishop in Egypt and hermit of Scete. Venerable Helenus, Bishop of Tarsus. Martyr Theodore of Antioch Saint Amphilochius of Iconium, Bishop of Iconium Saint Gregory, Bishop of Agrigentum, Sicily Saint Clement I, one of the Seventy Apostles, he was the third Pope of Rome Saint Felicity, a widow martyred with her sons either in Rome or else in North Africa under Decius, buried in Rome Virgin-martyr Lucretia, in Mérida in the west of Spain Saint Paternian, Bishop of Fano in Italy Saint Clement, first Bishop of Metz in the east of France. Saint Paulinus of Wales, an Abbot in Wales and disciple of St Illtyd, founder of the monastery of Whitland Saint Columbanus, Irish missionary and founder of Luxeuil Abbey and Bobbio Abbey Saint Wilfetrudis, second Abbess of Nivelles in Belgium, founded by her aunt St Gertrude Venerable Trudo, Abbot, of Zirkingen Saint Rachildis, an anchoress who lived near the monastery of St Gall in Switzerland Saint Adalbert, a monk at Cassoria in the Abruzzi in Italy, founder of the monastery of St Nicholas on Mt Caramanico near Chieti Saint Guy of Casauria, a monk at Farfa who became Abbot of Casauria Abbey near Chieti in Italy Saint Amphilochius of the Kiev Caves, Bishop of Vladimir, Volhynia Burial of Saint Alexander Nevsky, Grand Prince of Novgorod Saint Dionysius I, Patriarch of Constantinople, "the Wise" Saint Metrophanes, Bishop of Voronezh Saint Anthony of lezeru-Vilcea, Romania New Hieromartyr Seraphim, Hieromonk, of Moscow Saint John Vasiliev, Confessor New Hieromartyr Boris, Bishop of Ivanovo New Hieromartyr Eleazar Spyridonov of Eupatoria, first rector of the Greek Church of St. Elijah in Crimea Martyr Alexander Uksusov of Yaroslavl-Rostov New Hieomartyr Archimandrite Gregory of Georgia, who suffered in Auschwitz, Poland November 23 / December 6.
Orthodox Calendar. December 6 / November 23. Holy Trinity Russian Orthodox Church. November 23. OCA - The Lives of the Saints; the Autonomous Orthodox Metropolia of Western Europe and the Americas. St. Hilarion Calendar of Saints for the year of our Lord 2004. St. Hilarion Press. P. 88. The Twenty-Third Day of the Month of November. Orthodoxy in China. November 23. Latin Saints of the Orthodox Patriarchate of Rome; the Roman Martyrology. Transl. by the Archbishop of Baltimore. Last Edition, According to the Copy Printed at Rome in 1914. Revised Edition, with the Imprimatur of His Eminence Cardinal Gibbons. Baltimore: John Murphy Company, 1916. P. 361-362. Rev. Richard Stanton. A Menology of England and Wales, or, Brief Memorials of the Ancient British and English Saints Arranged According to the Calendar, Together with the Martyrs of the 16th and 17th Centuries. London: Burns & Oates, 1892. Pp. 562-563. Greek Sources Great Synaxaristes: 23 ΝΟΕΜΒΡΙΟΥ. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ. Συναξαριστής. 23 Νοεμβρίου. ECCLESIA. GR.. 23/11/2015.
Ορθόδοξος Συναξαριστής. Russian Sources 6 декабря. Православная Энциклопедия под редакцией Патриарха Московского и всея Руси Кирилла.. 23 ноября по старому стилю / 6 декабря по новому стилю. Русская Православная Церковь - Православный церковный календарь на 2018 год
Ezra Harm Ruud Walian is a Indonesian professional footballer who plays as a striker for PSM Makassar. His father is Indonesian of Manadonese descent. Walian is a youth exponent from Ajax, he made his professional debut at Jong Ajax on 26 September 2016 in an Eerste Divisie game against FC Oss. He left Jong Ajax after contract ended on 30 June 2017. In July and August 2017, Walian had trials with three English club sides Bolton Wanderers, Hull City and West Ham United. On 29 August 2017 it was announced that Walian had signed with Ajax affiliates' Almere City for 2 years, competing in the Dutch Eerste Divisie, he made his first debut in the Almere City FC game against Helmond Sport. Walian represented the Netherlands at youth level, from the under-15s to under-19s, on 19 October 2013 while represented Netherlands U-17 he scored 5 goals in his debut against San Marino U-17 for UEFA European Under-17 Championship Qualifying round in which Netherlands thrashed San Marino with 12-0 win, he was eligible to represent the Netherlands or Indonesia at full international level through his parents.
On 20 March 2017, Walian became an Indonesian citizen through naturalization program. Walian was given his first call-up by Indonesia manager Luis Milla for a friendly against Myanmar on 21 March 2017, he made his debut for Indonesia after coming on as a substitute in the start of second half. Netherlands U-17 Indonesia U-23 Winner Eredivisie U-19: 2014–15, 2015–16Runners-up Eredivisie U-19: 2013–14Jong Ajax Runners-up Eerste Divisie: 2016–17 Runner-Up UEFA European Under-17 Championship: 2014 Bronze Medalist Football at the Southeast Asian Games: 2017 Ezra Walian at Soccerway Ezra Walian at WorldFootball.net
Connexxion is a large public transport company in the Netherlands, operating in the west, middle and south-west parts of the country. It is owned by Bank Nederlandse Gemeenten, it is a subsidiary of Transdev Netherlands. Connexxion was formed on 10 May 1999 from a merger between transport companies NZH, ZWN, Midnet and Oostnet, its name is a mutation of the French word connexion meaning connection. In January 2007, Connexxion took over Utrecht public transport operator GVU and Nijmegen operator Novio. In 2007 Connexxion's 33% shareholding in Syntus was sold. On 12 October 2007, Connexxion was privatised with a 67% stake purchased by Transdev-BNG-Connexxion Holding BV, a consortium consisting of Transdev and Bank Nederlandse Gemeenten, beating a Deutsche Bahn / Rabobank consortium and FirstGroup; this gives Transdev 50%, BNG 17%, the government 33% stake in Connexxion. In February 2013 the government's 33% shareholding was purchased by Transdev, increasing its shareholding to 86%. Connexxion's parent company, Transdev Netherlands had another operation called Veolia Transport Nederland.
The branding was replaced with the Connexxion in December 2016. As a result, Veolia Transport Nederland's Haaglanden operations were rebranded Connexxion. Connexxion operate in Amstelland, Amsterdam-Zuidoost, Gooi, Haarlem, Hoeksche Waard, IJsselmonde, Noord Holland, Vechtstreek, Voorne-Putten and Zeeland; as at January 2016, Connexxion operated 1,900 coaches. It operates the only trolleybus network in the Netherlands and in 2017 introduced double-deckers on one route. Connexxion owns bus companies Hermes and Novio. In December 2013 Connexxion commenced operating the Rotterdam concession for 10 years. In December 2017 Connexxion will commence operating the Amstelland-Meerlanden concession for 10 years. An order has been placed with VDL for 100 Citeas SLFA electric buses; this will make it the largest operator of electric buses in Europe. Connexxion is contracted to operate the Arnhem to Doetinchem concession until December 2020 and the Vallei line concession until December 2021. Connexxion held the Almelo to Mariënberg concession from December 2006 until December 2013, however its operation was sub-contracted to Syntus.
It operated the Sneltram between Utrecht and Nieuwegein until December 2013. The fleet comprises five 2-car Protos electric multiple units and nine 3-car Stadler GTWs diesel multiple units. Two Stadler Flirts are due for delivery in 2018. Connexxion operated a ferry route from Velsen to IJmuiden and Amsterdam Centraal station with Voskhod hydrofoils until 31 December 2013; as at March 2015 Connexxions operated 3,500 taxis. Media related to Connexxion at Wikimedia Commons Official website
The International Sport Karate Association is one of the major international bodies regulating sport karate and kickboxing matches, is based in the United States. It was established in 1985 as a response to legal and revenue issues that sent the Professional Karate Association into decline. From 1974 until 1985, the PKA had been the most recognised worldwide kickboxing sanctioning group, it was instrumental in establishing public relay of the sport via ESPN, helping to introduce the burgeoning sport to a wider audience, had developed the first fighter's ratings systems. Five major U. S.-based promoters and resigning PKA executives created the new body, the International Sport Karate Association, with an official announcement on July 16, 1986. The first U. S. directors were Karyn Turner, Tony Thompson, John Worley and Scott Coker. It runs the biggest martial arts tournament in the world, The U. S Open. Thousands of competitors from around the world participate every year. Many of the major PKA promoters began sanctioning their events with the ISKA and several joined its administration.
ISKA secured ESPN broadcasts of its major title bouts in 1986, thus helping bring quick credibility and recognition to the new association. Since the World Association of Kickboxing Organizations was active in Europe and the World Kickboxing Association in Asia, ISKA was quick to expand through its own European Directors starting October 1986 with Olivier Muller, Jérome Canabate and Mohamed Hosseini. American Richard Mayor oversaw the establishment of this European wing as European President between 1986 and 1988. By 1991, the worldwide control of the ISKA was shared by two co-chairmen: Mike Sawyer and Olivier Muller. International TV coverage was secured, united separate organisations were formed worldwide to handle responsibility for international sanctioning and grading. ISKA has conducted its official activities under ISKA ASIA since 2008 with Dr. S. A. Moinshirazi the President of ISKA ASIA. Paul Zadro is the President of ISKA Australia, the biggest martial arts tournament circuit in Australia.
European Director - Paul Hennessey UK Director - Jagtar Johal European Tournament Director - Paul Gilmore UK Amateur Director - Clifton Findley Czech Republic Director - Mgr. Ivan Novotný Australian Director - Paul Zadro ISKA is a sport karate, all styles kickboxing, mixed martial arts sanctioning body in the United States and over 50 countries worldwide. ISKA's Martial Arts World Championships are held yearly at the US Open of Martial Arts in Disney World, Florida; the US Open ISKA World Martial Arts Championships celebrated its 40th anniversary the July 4th weekend, 2013. More than 4,000 competitors and 10,000 spectators attend the two-day event each year; the event closes with the Night of Champions featuring the ISKA World Martial Arts Championships. The Night of Champions airs live on ESPN3, while a highlights show airs on ESPN2; the US Open is the longest continuously running martial arts event on ESPN. The US Open highlights continue to air throughout the year on CSI Sports networks, reaching 85 million households.
Web resources International Sport Karate Association International Sport Karate Association International Sport Karate Association International Sport Kickboxing Association (I. S. K. A. CZECH REPUBLICBooks and articles "A History of Full Contact Karate "A History of Kickboxing" – Mikes Miles "A History of kickboxing" – « black-belt » Delmas Alain, Callière Jean-Roger, Histoire du Kick-boxing, FKBDA, France, 1998 Delmas Alain, Définition du Kick-boxing, FKBDA, France, 1999 Miles Mikes, site An interview with Joe Lewis, 1998