Joseph Arrington Jr. better known as Joe Tex, was an American singer and musician who gained success in the 1960s and 1970s with his brand of Southern soul, which mixed the styles of funk, country and rhythm and blues. His career started after he was signed to King Records in 1955 following four wins at the Apollo Theater. Between 1955 and 1964, he struggled to find hits, by the time he recorded his first hit, "Hold What You've Got" in 1964, he had recorded 30 previous singles that were deemed failures on the charts, he went on to have four million-selling hits, "Hold What You've Got", "Skinny Legs and All", "I Gotcha", "Ain't Gonna Bump No More". Joe Tex was nominated for the Rock & Roll Hall of Fame six times, most in 2017. Joe Tex was born Joseph Arrington, Jr. in Rogers, Texas, in Bell County to Joseph Arrington and Cherie Sue Arrington. He and his sister Mary Sue were raised by their grandmother, Mary Richardson. After their parents divorced, Cheri Arrington moved to Baytown. Tex sang in a local Pentecostal church choir.
He entered several talent shows, after an important win in Houston, he won $300 and a trip to New York City. Joe Tex took part in the amateur portion of the Apollo Theater, winning first place four times, which led to his discovery by Henry Glover, who offered him a contract with King Records, his mother's wish was that he graduate from high school first, Glover agreed to wait a year before signing him at age 19. Tex recorded for King Records between 1957 with little success, he claimed he sold musical rights to the composition "Fever" to King Records staff, to get money to pay his rent. The song's credited songwriters, Otis Blackwell and Joe Cooley, disputed Tex's claims. Labelmate Little Willie John had a hit with "Fever", which inspired Tex to write the first of his answer songs, "Pneumonia". In 1958, he signed with Ace and continued to have relative failures, but he was starting to build a unique stage reputation, opening for artists such as Jackie Wilson, James Brown, Little Richard, he perfected the microphone tricks and dance moves.
Many, including Little Richard, claim that Tex's future nemesis James Brown stole Tex's dance moves and microphone tricks. In 1960, he left Ace and recorded for Detroit's Anna Records label, where he scored a Bubbling Under Billboard hit with his cover version of Etta James' "All I Could Do Was Cry". By Tex's use of rapping over his music was starting to become commonplace. In 1961, he recorded; that year, James Brown recorded a cover version, though with different lyrics and a different musical composition, gaining songwriting credit, making it a hit in 1962, reaching number two on the R&B chart. During this time, Tex first began working with Buddy Killen, who formed the Dial Records label behind Tex. After a number of songs failed to chart, Killen decided to have Atlantic Records distribute his recordings with Dial in 1964. By the time he signed with Atlantic, Tex had recorded 30 songs, all of which had failed to make an impact on the charts. Tex recorded his first hit, "Hold On To What You've Got", in November 1964 at FAME Studios in Muscle Shoals, Alabama.
He advised Killen not to release it. However, Killen felt otherwise and released the song in early 1965. By the time Tex got wind of its release, the song had sold 200,000 copies; the song peaked at number five on the Billboard Hot 100 and became Tex's first number-one hit on the R&B charts, staying on the charts for 11 weeks and selling more than a million copies by 1966. Tex placed six top-40 charted singles on the R&B charts in 1965 alone, including two more number-one hits, "I Want To" and "A Sweet Woman Like You", he followed. He placed more R&B hits including his rival James Brown. In 1966, five more singles entered the top 40 on the R&B charts, including "The Love You Save" and "S. Y. S. L. J. F. M." Or "The Letter Song", an answer song to Wilson Pickett's "634-5789". His 1967 hits included "Show Me", which became an often-covered tune for British rock artists and some country and pop artists, his second million-selling hit, "Skinny Legs and All"; the latter song, released off Tex's pseudo-live album and Lively, stayed on the charts for 15 weeks and was awarded a gold disc by the Recording Industry Association of America in January 1968.
After leaving Atlantic for Mercury, Tex had several more R&B hits including "Buying a Book" in 1970 and "Give the Baby Anything the Baby Wants" in 1971. The intro saxophone riffs in his 1969 song, "You're Right, Ray Charles" influenced Funkadelic's "Standing on the Verge of Gettin' It On". Tex recorded his next big hit, "I Gotcha", in December 1971; the song was released in January 1972 and stayed on the charts for 20 weeks, staying at number two on the Hot 100 for two weeks and sold more than 2 million copies, becoming his biggest-selling hit to date. Tex was offered a gold disc of the song on March 22, 1972; the parent album reached number 17 on the pop albums chart. Following this and another album, Tex announced his retirement from show business in September 1972 to pursue life as a minister for Islam. Tex returned to his music career following the death of Elijah Muhammad in 1975, releasing the top-40 R&B hit, "Under Your Powerful Love", his last hit, "Ain't Gonna Bump No More", was released in 1977 and peaked at numb
The Temptations is an American vocal group who released a series of successful singles and albums with Motown Records during the 1960s and 1970s. The group’s work with producer Norman Whitfield, beginning with the Top 10 hit single "Cloud Nine" in October 1968, pioneered psychedelic soul, was significant in the evolution of R&B and soul music; the band members are known for their choreography, distinct harmonies, dress style. Having sold tens of millions of albums, the Temptations is among the most successful groups in popular music. Featuring five male vocalists and dancers, the group formed in 1960 in Detroit, Michigan under the name The Elgins; the founding members came from two rival Detroit vocal groups: Otis Williams, Elbridge "Al" Bryant, Melvin Franklin of Otis Williams & the Distants, Eddie Kendricks and Paul Williams of the Primes. In 1964, Bryant was replaced by David Ruffin, the lead vocalist on a number of the group's biggest hits, including "My Girl", "Ain't Too Proud to Beg", "I Wish It Would Rain".
Ruffin was replaced in 1968 by Dennis Edwards, with whom the group continued to record hit records such as "Cloud Nine" and "Ball of Confusion". The group's lineup has changed since the departures of Kendricks and Paul Williams from the act in 1971. Members of the group have included singers such as Richard Street, Damon Harris, Ron Tyson, Ali-Ollie Woodson, with whom the group scored a late-period hit in 1984 with "Treat Her Like a Lady". Over the course of their career, the Temptations released four Billboard Hot 100 number-one singles and fourteen R&B number-one singles, its music has earned three Grammy Awards. The Temptations was the first Motown recording act to win a Grammy Award - for "Cloud Nine" in 1969 - and in 2013 received the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award. Six of the Temptations were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1989. Three classic Temptations songs, "My Girl", "Just My Imagination", "Papa Was a Rollin' Stone", are among The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame's 500 Songs that Shaped Rock and Roll.
The Temptations was ranked at number 68 on Rolling Stone magazine's list of the 100 Greatest Artists of all time. As of 2018, the Temptations continues to perform with founder Otis Williams in the lineup. Eddie Kendricks and Paul Williams started singing together in church as children. By their teenage years, they formed a doo-wop quartet in 1955 with Kell Osborne and Wiley Waller, naming themselves the Cavaliers. After Waller left the group in 1957, the remaining trio left Birmingham to break into the music business; the group settled in Detroit where they changed their name to the Primes under the direction of Milton Jenkins. The Primes soon became well known around the Detroit area for their meticulous performances. Jenkins created a sister group, The Primettes known as the Supremes. Kendricks was seen as a "matinee idol" in the Detroit area while Williams was well received for his baritone vocals. Texas teenager Otis Williams moved to Detroit as a youngster to be with his mother. By 1958, Williams was the leader of a vocal group named the Siberians.
The group included James "Pee-Wee" Crawford, Vernard Plain and Arthur Walton. The group recorded a song, "Pecos Kid" for a label run by radio deejay Senator Bristol Bryant. Shortly after its release, the group changed its name to The El Domingoes. Following this, Montgomery native Melvin Franklin replaced Arthur Walton as bass vocalist and Detroit-born Richard Street replaced Vernard Plain as lead singer. Signing with Johnnie Mae Matthews' Northern Records, the group had their name changed again to The Distants; the group recorded two Northern singles including "Come On" and "Alright". Between these releases, Albert "Mooch" Harrell replaced Pee-Wee Crawford. "Come On" became a local hit and the Warwick Records label picked the record up for national distribution. Following the release of "Alright", Matthews appointed Williams the group leader, the group's name was changed to Otis Williams & The Distants. During this period, both the Primes and Distants were influenced by other vocal groups including the Miracles.
Other inspirations included the Cadillacs, Frankie Lymon & the Teenagers, the Drifters, the Isley Brothers. Though "Come On" was a local hit in the Detroit area, the Distants never saw much record sales and "Alright" was not as successful. After receiving an offer from Berry Gordy to sign with Motown Records, the Distants got out of their contract with Northern Records. However, Mooch Harrell and Richard Street shortly departed from the group and the remaining members lost use of the Distants name. Richard Street formed another Distants group who recorded for the Thelma label in the early 1960s. Members of the Distants were acquainted with the Primes as both groups participated in the same talent shows and performed at the same public venues. Friendly rivals, the Primes were considered to be the more polished and vocally stronger group of the two; the Primes disbanded in 1960 after Kell Osborne moved to California. Eddie Kendricks and Paul Williams returned to Alabama following the band's dissolution.
While visiting relatives in Detroit, Kendricks called Otis Williams, who needed two more members for an audition for Gordy's label and offered Kendricks a lead singer place in his new group. Kendricks agreed on the condition. Otis Williams agreed and Kendricks and Paul Williams moved back to Detroit to join th
Etta James was an American singer who performed in various genres, including blues, R&B, soul and roll, jazz and gospel. Starting her career in 1954, she gained fame with hits such as "The Wallflower", "At Last", "Tell Mama", "Something's Got a Hold on Me", "I'd Rather Go Blind", she faced a number of personal problems, including heroin addiction, severe physical abuse, incarceration, before making a musical comeback in the late 1980s with the album Seven Year Itch. James's powerful, earthy voice bridged the gap between rhythm and blues and rock and roll, she won 17 Blues Music Awards. She was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1993, the Blues Hall of Fame in 2001, the Grammy Hall of Fame in 1999. Rolling Stone magazine ranked James number 22 on its list of the 100 Greatest Singers of All Time. Hawkins was born on January 25, 1938, in Los Angeles, California, to Dorothy Hawkins, 14 at the time, her father has never been identified. James speculated that she was the daughter of pool player Rudolf "Minnesota Fats" Wanderone, whom she met in 1987.
Her mother was absent from their apartment in Watts, conducting relationships with various men, James lived with a series of foster parents, most notably "Sarge" and "Mama" Lu. James referred to her mother as "the Mystery Lady". James received her first professional vocal training at the age of five from James Earle Hines, musical director of the Echoes of Eden choir at the St. Paul Baptist Church, in South-Central Los Angeles. Under his tutelage, she suffered physical abuse during her formative years, with her instructor punching her in the chest while she sang to force her voice to come from her gut; as a consequence, she developed an unusually strong voice for a child her age. Sarge, like the musical director for the choir, was abusive. During drunken poker games at home, he would awaken James in the early morning hours and force her with beatings to sing for his friends; the trauma of her foster father forcing her to sing under these humiliating circumstances caused her to have difficulties with singing on demand throughout her career.
In 1950, Mama Lu died, James's biological mother took her to the Fillmore district of San Francisco. Within a couple of years, she began listening to doo-wop and was inspired to form a girl group, the Creolettes. At the age of 14, she met musician Johnny Otis. Stories on how they met vary. In Otis's version, she came to his hotel after one of his performances in the city and persuaded him to audition her. Another story was that Otis spotted the Creolettes performing at a Los Angeles nightclub and sought for them to record his "answer song" to Hank Ballard's "Work with Me, Annie". Otis took the group under his wing, helping them sign to Modern Records and changing their name from the Creolettes to the Peaches, he gave the singer her stage name, transposing Jamesetta into Etta James. James recorded the version, for which she was given credit as co-author, in 1954, the record was released in early 1955 as "Dance with Me, Henry"; the original title of the song was "Roll with Me, Henry", but it was changed to avoid censorship due to the off-color title.
In February of that year, the song reached number one on the Hot Blues Tracks chart. Its success gave the group an opening spot on Little Richard's national tour. While James was on tour with Richard, pop singer Georgia Gibbs recorded a version of James's song, released under the title "The Wallflower" and became a crossover hit, reaching number one on the Billboard Hot 100, which angered James. After leaving the Peaches, James had another R&B hit with "Good Rockin' Daddy" but struggled with follow-ups; when her contract with Modern came up for renewal in 1960, she signed a contract with Chess Records instead. Shortly afterwards she was involved in a relationship with the singer Harvey Fuqua, the founder of the doo-wop group the Moonglows. Musician Bobby Murray toured with James for over 20 years, he wrote that James had her first hit single when she was 15 years old and went steady with B. B. King when she was 16. James believed. In early 1955, she and an aspiring singer, the 19-year-old Elvis Presley recording for Sun Studios and an avid fan of King's, shared a bill in a large club just outside Memphis.
In her autobiography, she noted. She recalled how happy he made her many years when she found out that it was Presley who had moved her close friend Jackie Wilson from a substandard convalescent home to a more appropriate facility and, as she put it, paid all the expenses. Presley died a year later. Wilson went on to live for another ten years in the care center Presley found for him. Dueting with Harvey Fuqua, James recorded for a label established by Chess, her first hit singles with Fuqua were "If I Can't Have You" and "Spoonful". Her first solo hit was the doo-wop–styled rhythm-and-blues song "All I Could Do Was Cry", a number two R&B hit. Chess Records co-founder Leonard Chess envisioned James as a classic ballad stylist who had potential to cross over to the pop charts and soon surrounded the singer with violins and other string instruments; the first string-laden ballad James recorded was "My Dearest Darling" in May 1960, which peaked in the top five of the R&B chart. James sang background vocals for her labelmate Chuck Berry on his "Back in the U.
S. A."Her debut album, At Last!, was released in late 1960 and was noted for its varied se
Jack Leroy Wilson Jr. was an African American soul singer and performer. A tenor with a four-octave range, Wilson was a prominent figure in the transition of rhythm and blues into soul. Wilson was considered a master showman, gaining the nickname "Mr. Excitement", one of the most dynamic singers and performers in pop, R&B, rock & roll history. Wilson gained initial fame as a member of His Dominoes, he went solo in 1957 and scored over 50 chart singles spanning the genres of R&B, soul, doo-wop and easy listening, including 16 R&B Top 10 hits, in which six R&B of the repertoire ranked as number ones. On the Billboard Hot 100, Wilson scored 14 top 20 pop hits, six of which reached the top 10. Jackie Wilson was one of the most influential musical artists of his generation. A two-time Grammy Hall of Fame Inductee, winner of the Rhythm and Blues Foundation's special Legacy Tribute Award in 2003, Jackie Wilson was inducted to the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1987. In 2004, Rolling Stone magazine ranked Jackie Wilson #69 on its list of the 100 Greatest Artists of All Time.
In 2013, Jackie Wilson was inducted into the National Rhythm & Blues Hall of Fame. Jack Leroy Wilson Jr. was born on June 9, 1934, in Detroit, Michigan, as the third and only surviving child of singer-songwriter Jack Leroy Wilson, Sr. and Eliza Mae Wilson. Eliza Mae was born on the Billups-Whitfield Place in Mississippi. Eliza Mae's parents were Virginia Ransom. Wilson visited his family in Columbus and was influenced by the choir at Billups Chapel. Growing up in the suburban Detroit enclave of Highland Park, Wilson joined a gang called the Shakers and got himself in trouble. Wilson's alcoholic father was absent and unemployed, his parents separated shortly after Jackie's ninth birthday. Jackie Wilson began singing as a youth, accompanying an excellent church choir singer. In his early teens he joined a quartet, the Ever Ready Gospel Singers, who gained popularity in local churches. Wilson was not religious, but he enjoyed singing in public; the money the quartet earned from performing was spent on alcohol, Wilson began drinking at an early age.
Wilson dropped out of high school at age 15, having been sentenced to detention in the Lansing Corrections system for juveniles twice. During his second stint in detention, Wilson learned to box and began competing in the Detroit amateur circuit at age 16. Wilson's record in the Golden Gloves was 2 and 8. After his mother forced Jackie to quit boxing, Wilson was forced by his father to marry Freda Hood, he became a father at age 17, it is estimated. He began working at Lee's Sensation Club as a solo singer formed a group called the Falcons that included cousin Levi Stubbs, who led the Four Tops; the other Falcons joined Hank Ballard as part of the Midnighters, including Alonzo Tucker and Billy Davis, who worked with Wilson several years as a solo artist. Tucker and Wilson collaborated as songwriters on a few songs Wilson recorded, including his 1963 hit "Baby Workout". Jackie Wilson was discovered by talent agent Johnny Otis, who recruited him for a group called the Thrillers; that group evolved into the Royals.
Wilson signed on with manager Al Green. Green, who managed LaVern Baker, Little Willie John, Johnnie Ray and Della Reese, owned two music publishing companies, Pearl Music and Merrimac Music, Detroit's Flame Show Bar, where Wilson met Baker. After Wilson recorded his first version of "Danny Boy" and a few other tracks on Dizzy Gillespie's record label Dee Gee Records under the name Sonny Wilson, Wilson was hired by Billy Ward in 1953 to join a group Ward formed in 1950 called the Dominoes, after Wilson's successful audition to replace the immensely popular Clyde McPhatter, who left the Dominoes and formed the Drifters. Wilson blew his chance that day, showing up calling himself "Shit" Wilson and bragging about being a better singer than McPhatter. Billy Ward felt. Before leaving the Dominoes, McPhatter coached Wilson on the sound Billy Ward wanted for his group, influencing Wilson's singing style and stage presence. "I learned a lot from Clyde, that high-pitched choke he used and other things...
Clyde McPhatter was my man. Clyde and Billy Ward." 1940s Blues singer Roy Brown was a major influence on him, Wilson grew up listening to the Mills Brothers, the Ink Spots, Louis Jordan and Al Jolson. Wilson was the group's lead singer for three years, but the Dominoes lost some of their stride with the departure of McPhatter, they made appearances riding on the strength of the group's earlier hits, until 1956 when the Dominoes recorded Wilson with an unlikely interpretation of the pop hit "St. Therese of the Roses", giving the Dominoes another brief moment in the spotlight. In 1957 Jackie Wilson began a solo career, left the Dominoes, collaborated with his cousin Levi, secured performances at Detroit's Flame Show Bar. Al Green secured a deal with Decca Records, Wilson was signed to its subsidiary label Brunswick. Shortly after Jackie Wilson signed a solo contract with Brunswick
David Eli Ruffin was an American soul singer and musician most famous for his work as one of the lead singers of The Temptations during the group's "Classic Five" period as it was known. He was the lead voice on such famous songs as "My Girl" and "Ain't Too Proud to Beg". Known for his unique raspy and anguished tenor vocals, Ruffin was ranked as one of the 100 Greatest Singers of All Time by Rolling Stone magazine in 2008, he was inducted into the Roll Hall of Fame in 1989 for his work with The Temptations. Fellow Motown recording artist Marvin Gaye once said admiringly of Ruffin that, "I heard a strength my own voice lacked". Ruffin was born Davis Eli Ruffin in the rural unincorporated community of Whynot, Mississippi, 15 miles from Meridian, Mississippi, he was the third born son of Elias "Eli" Ruffin, a Baptist minister, Ophelia Ruffin. His siblings were Quincy B. Ruffin, Rita Mae Ruffin, Jimmy L. Ruffin. Ruffin had another sister, who died in infancy. David Ruffin's parents were both natives of Mississippi.
His father Eli worked as a truck driver at numerous lumber mills, his mother Ophelia worked out of their home. Eli's parents had moved from Alabama to Mississippi, because of the harsh circumstances of living after the American Civil War. Prior to living in Alabama, David Ruffin's great grandparents, John Ruffin and Clara Ruffin, had moved from Bertie County, North Carolina. John Ruffin was a Civil War Veteran, fighting with the 14th United States Colored Heavy Artillery Regiment. Ruffin's father was strict and at times violently abusive. Ruffin's mother died ten months after his birth in 1941; as a young child, along with his other siblings, traveled with their father and their stepmother as a family gospel group, opening shows for Mahalia Jackson and The Five Blind Boys of Mississippi, among others. Ruffin sang in the choir at Mount Salem Methodist Church, wherever else he could. In 1955, at the age of 14, he left home under the guardianship of a minister, Eddie Bush, went to Memphis, with the purpose of pursuing the ministry.
At 15, Ruffin went to Hot Springs, with the jazz musician Phineas Newborn, Sr. There, they played at the Fifty Grand Ballroom and Casino. Billed as Little David Bush, Ruffin continued to sing at talent shows, worked with horses at a jockey club and became a member of The Dixie Nightingales, he sang with The Soul Stirrers after the departure of Johnnie Taylor. It was in Ruffin's travels as a teenager that he met such popular personalities as Elvis Presley, Little Richard, Frankie Lymon, Bobby Womack, The Staple Singers, Swan Silvertones and The Dixie Hummingbirds. After some of his singing idols such as Sam Cooke and Jackie Wilson had left gospel music and gone secular, Ruffin turned in that direction; the 16-year-old Ruffin met and came under the guardianship of Eddie Bush and his wife Dorothy Helen, who took the teenager to Detroit, where his brother Jimmy was pursuing a career in music while working at the Ford Motor Company. After moving to Detroit with the Bushes, Ruffin recorded his first released record with the songs "You and I" b/w "Believe Me".
These songs were recorded at Vega Records and released under the name "Little David Bush", using the last name of his guardian. Ruffin would recall how he recorded "a different kind of music" influenced by the smoother pop and R&B of the time, when he first recorded in Detroit for Vega. In 1957, Ruffin met Berry Gordy Jr. a songwriter with ambitions of running his own label. Ruffin lived with Gordy's father, a contractor, helped "Pops" Gordy do construction work on the building that would become Hitsville USA, the headquarters for Gordy's Tamla Records label. Ruffin's brother Jimmy would be signed to Tamla's Miracle Records label as an artist. Ruffin worked alongside another ambitious singer, Marvin Gaye, as an apprentice at Anna Records, a Chess-distributed label run by Gordy's sister Gwen Gordy Fuqua and his songwriting partner Billy Davis. Asked about Ruffin in the Detroit Free Press in 1988, Gordy Fuqua said: "He was much a gentleman, yes ma'am and no ma'am, but the thing that impressed me about David was that he was one of the only artists I've seen who rehearsed like he was on stage".
According to Ruffin, both he and Gaye would pack records for Anna Records. Ruffin created music as both the vocalist and drummer in the Voice Masters, a doo-wop style combo and started recording at Anna Records, recorded the song "I'm in Love" b/w "One of These Days", with the Voice Masters, a group which included future Motown producer, Lamont Dozier. Other group members included members of The Originals: Ty Hunter, CP Spencer, Hank Dixon and Walter Gaines.. Ruffin did sign to Anna Records as a solo artist. Ruffin met an up-and-coming local group by the name of The Temptations, his older brother Jimmy went on a Motortown Revue tour with the Temptations, he told David that they needed someone to sing tenor in their group. David shared his interest in joining the group with Otis Williams who lived close to Ruffin in Detroit. In January 1964, Ruffin became a member of the Temptations after founding member Elbridge "Al" Bryant was fired from the group. Ruffin's first recording session with the group was January 9, 1964.
James Lee Ruffin was an American soul singer, elder brother of David Ruffin of the Temptations. He had several hit records between the 1960s and 1980s, the most successful being the Top 10 hits "What Becomes of the Brokenhearted" and "Hold On". Jimmy Ruffin was born in 1936 in Collinsville, Mississippi, to Eli, a sharecropper, Ophelia Ruffin, he was approaching his fifth birthday. As children, the brothers began singing with the Dixie Nightingales. In 1961, Jimmy became a singer as part of the Motown stable on sessions but recording singles for its subsidiary Miracle label, but was drafted for national service. After leaving the Army in 1964, he returned to Motown, where he was offered the opportunity to join the Temptations to replace Elbridge Bryant. However, after hearing his brother David, they hired him for the job instead so Jimmy decided to resume his solo career. Ruffin with little success. In 1966, he heard a song about unrequited love written for The Spinners, persuaded the writers that he should record it himself.
His recording of "What Becomes of the Brokenhearted" became a major success. The song reached # 7 on # 6 on the R&B Chart, it initially reached #8 in the UK singles chart, rising to #4 when it was reissued in the UK in 1974. "What Becomes of the Brokenhearted" remains Ruffin's best-known song. It was the lead single from his debut album Jimmy Ruffin Sings Top Ten, released on the Motown's Soul subsidiary label in 1967. Follow-up singles in America were successful, with "I've Passed This Way Before" and "Gonna Give Her All The Love I've Got" reaching the top of the US Charts in late 1966 and early 1967. Ruffin's second album, Ruff'n' Ready, was released in 1969, it contained the song "Don't You Miss Me a Little Bit Baby", which made the lower parts of the Billboard Hot 100 and was a Top 30 hit on the R&B Charts, peaking at #27. As a solo artist, it would prove to be Ruffin's last significant chart appearance in America for many years, his last significant charting record for Motown in the US; the song was released as the B-Side to "What Becomes of the Brokenhearted" when it was reissued in 1974.
As Ruffin found success in the United States difficult to sustain, he began to concentrate instead on the British market. In 1970, "Farewell Is A Lonely Sound", "I'll Say Forever, My Love" and "It's Wonderful" each made the UK Top Ten, he was voted the world's top singer in one British poll, he teamed up with brother David to record the album I Am My Brother's Keeper, a modestly successful 1970 album for Motown that included the songs "When The Love Hand Comes Down", "Your Love Was Worth Waiting For" and a cover of Ben E. King's "Stand by Me", his third solo album for the label, The Groove Governor, was released in 1970, did not fare as well as his previous two albums. Following the success of his initial hits, Ruffin found it hard to maintain an identity, as most of his songs were covered by other Motown artists, most prominently "Everybody Needs Love", a hit when covered by Gladys Knight & The Pips for their 1967 debut album of the same name, "Maria", a hit for Michael Jackson and "If You Let Me," a minor hit for Eddie Kendricks.
In addition, he had recorded the first version of The Temptations hit "Beauty Is Only Skin Deep". He left Motown, recorded for the Polydor and Chess labels, where he recorded "Tell Me What You Want." In 1980, Robin Gibb of the Bee Gees produced his album Sunrise and the hit single "Hold On To My Love", which reached #10 in the US and #7 in the UK, on the RSO label. In the 1980s, Ruffin moved to live in Great Britain. In December 1984 he collaborated with Paul Weller of The Style Council for his benefit single "Soul Deep", produced to raise money for the families of striking miners affected by the UK miners' strike; this went under the name of The Council Collective and Jimmy appeared with Paul on Radio 1 to say he is involved because his father worked down the mines and "he understands the suffering." In 1986 he collaborated with the British pop group Heaven 17, singing "A Foolish Thing To Do" and "My Sensitivity" on a 12" EP record. He took part in recording for Ian Levine's Motown revival label, Motorcity Records, in the late 1980s and early 1990s.
He recorded duets with both Maxine Brenda Holloway. Ruffin hosted a radio show in the UK for a time, became an anti-drug advocate following the 1991 drug overdose death of his brother David. Ruffin was portrayed by Lamman Rucker in the 1998 mini-series The Temptations. Following the 2010 release - on CD for the first time - of his 1970 album I Am My Brother's Keeper, Ruffin had been writing and recording songs for a new album that he had planned to release during 2013, it was not finished at the time of his death. In 2012, a compilation album titled There Will Never Be Another You, including his hit songs "What Becomes of the Brokenhearted", "Hold On To My Love", had been released. Ruffin lived in the area of Nevada. On October 17, 2014, it was reported that he was gravely ill and had been taken into an intensive care unit at a Las Vegas hospital, he died on November 17, 2014, in Las Vegas, aged 78. Ruffin is buried at Palm Memorial Park Northwest Cemetery, Las Vegas, Clark County, Nevada in the Garden of Eternal Life Section.
His siblings are Davis Eli, Rita Mae and Quincy B. His children are Arlet, Jimmie Ray, Jimmy Jr. Ophelia and Camilla. Jimmy Ruffin Sings Top Ten - U. S. #133 The Jimmy Ruffin Way (
Harvey Fuqua was an American rhythm and blues singer, record producer, record label executive. Fuqua founded the seminal R&B/doo-wop group the Moonglows in the 1950s, he is notable as one of the key figures in the development of the Motown label in Michigan. His group gave Marvin Gaye a start in his music career. Fuqua and his wife at the time, Gwen Gordy, distributed the first Motown hit single, Barrett Strong's "Money", on their record label, Anna Records. Fuqua sold Anna Records to Gwen's brother Berry Gordy and became a songwriter and executive at Motown, he was the nephew of the uncle of the filmmaker Antoine Fuqua. Fuqua was born in Kentucky, he was the nephew of Charlie Fuqua of the Ink Spots. In 1951, with Bobby Lester, Alexander Graves and Prentiss Barnes, he formed a vocal group, the Crazy Sounds, in Louisville moving with other members of the group to Cleveland, Ohio. There they were taken under the wing of disc jockey Alan Freed, who renamed them the Moonglows, after his own nickname, Moondog".
The Moonglows' first releases were for Freed's Champagne label in 1953. They recorded for the Chance label in Chicago, before signing with Chess Records in 1954, their single "Sincerely" reached number 1 on the Billboard R&B chart and number 20 on the Hot 100 in late 1954. Recording for Chess Records, Fuqua shared lead vocals with Lester but asserted himself as the leader of the group; this changed in 1957 when he, in effect, fired the other members and installed a new group known as the Marquees, which included Marvin Gaye. The new group, billed as Harvey and the Moonglows, had immediate success with "Ten Commandments of Love". Fuqua left the group in 1958; the Moonglows reunited temporarily in 1972. They were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2000. While on the Chess label, Fuqua sang duets with Etta James, having hits with "If I Can't Have You" and "Spoonful". Fuqua left the Moonglows. At Anna Records, Fuqua began working with Billy Davis, Lamont Dozier and Johnny Bristol, he introduced Marvin Gaye to Anna's brother, Berry Gordy, married their sister Gwen Gordy.
In 1961, he started his own labels, Tri-Phi Records and Harvey Records, whose acts included the Spinners, Junior Walker and Shorty Long. However, tiring of running a small independent label, Fuqua welcomed the opportunity to work at Motown. Fuqua brought the Spinners and Johnny Bristol to co-produced several hits for Bristol, he was responsible for bringing Tammi Terrell to the label and for suggesting and producing her duets with Marvin Gaye, including "Ain't No Mountain High Enough" and "Your Precious Love". In 1962, with the Five Quails, Fuqua had a minor hit with "Been a Long Time". Around 1971, Fuqua left Motown and obtained a production deal with RCA Records, for which he had particular success with the band New Birth, he discovered the disco pioneer Sylvester and "Two Tons o' Fun", producing Sylvester's hit singles "Dance" and "You Make Me Feel" in 1978 and his album Stars in 1979. He served as Smokey Robinson's road manager. In 1982 he reunited with Marvin Gaye to produce the singer's Midnight Love album, which included the single "Sexual Healing".
In 2000 he set up his own record company. He served as a trustee of the Rhythm and Blues Foundation. Fuqua co-wrote one of the most famous disco instrumentals, "K-Jee", recorded by The Nite-liters, an offshoot of New Birth, Philadelphia session musicians MFSB for the movie Saturday Night Fever. Fuqua resided in Las Vegas, until his death from a heart attack in a hospital in Detroit on July 6, 2010. In March 1995, Fuqua and with his wife, incorporated the Foundation for the S. T. A. R. S. A nonprofit organization that reaches out to address some of the difficulties to underprivileged youth in the inner cities of America, with the belief that every dream should have the opportunity to be realized. In November 1982, disco star Sylvester filed a lawsuit against Fuqua and Fantasy Records, which led to a judgment that the company had been withholding money from him, in the amount of $218,112.50. Fuqua was unable to pay more than $20,000, so that Sylvester never received most of the money, owed to him. Harvey Fuqua discography at Discogs Harvey Fuqua on IMDb The Fuqua's Foundation for the S.
T. A. R. S. Website Beaudaddy's Memorial Website Dedicated to Harvey