Sant Pere Sallavinera
Sant Pere Sallavinera is a municipality in the comarca of the Anoia in Catalonia, Spain. Government data pages
Jorba is a municipality in the comarca of the Anoia in Catalonia, Spain. Government data pages
Piera is a municipality that covers a large portion of the southeastern corner of the comarca of Anoia in Catalonia, Spain, on the left bank of the Anoia river. The agricultural land non-irrigated, is used for the cultivation of cereals, grapes and almonds; the town itself hosts a number of light industries: textiles and construction materials. Tourism during the summer months is relatively important for the local economy; the FGC railway line R6 from Martorell and Barcelona to Igualada runs through the town, while local roads lead to Capellades and Sant Sadurní d'Anoia. Notable monuments include the castle of Fontanet; the castle, restored in 1916 by Ramon de Viala d'Aiguavives, Baron of Almenar is documented in 955 a.c. and now used for private functions. The sister of the Baron of Almenar, Isabel de Viala d'Aiguavives financed and patroned the modernist church of Ca n'Aguilera, donated to Barcelona's Bishop by Zaragoza de Viala family on 1921; the architect of Ca N'Aguilera modernist church is Francesc Berenguer i Mestres, Antoni Gaudi's disciple and personal friend.
Another Piera relevant monument is the church of Santa Maria, with both gothic and roman elements The municipality of Piera includes several outlying villages: these are distinguished into the older, traditional settlements and the newer urbanisations which have been developed to cope with the expansion of the municipality. Populations are given for 1999, from the Ajuntament de Piera and cited in Història de Piera: the town of Piera had a population of 5036 at that date, whereas the total population of the municipality was 8551. El Bedorc, on the Anoia river Ca n'Aguilera Can Cairot Can Creixell La Fortesa, on the Anoia river at the southern point of the municipality Sant Jaume Sesoliveres Bosc de l'Àliga Can Bonastre Can Bou Can Canals Can Claramunt Can Martí Can Mas Can Mata Castell de la Ventosa La Grua Vallbonica, on the road to Vallbona d'Anoia La Venta i Can Musarro Piera is twinned with: Estepa, Spain On 30 October 2012, Piera proclaimed itself as a Free Catalan Territory. Panareda Clopés, Josep Maria.
"Guia de Catalunya", Barcelona:Caixa de Catalunya. ISBN 84-87135-01-3. ISBN 84-87135-02-1. Official website Government data pages
Igualada is a municipality in the province of Barcelona in Catalonia, Spain. It is located on the left bank of the Anoia River and at the western end of the Igualada-Martorell-Barcelona railway. Igualada is the capital and central market of the Anoia comarca, a rich agricultural and wine-producing district; the population, as of 2009, is 38,918. The city consists of an old town, founded in the 11th century, with narrow and irregular streets, including the remains of a fortress and ramparts, plus a new surrounding town with regular and spacious streets and many fine houses; the city is 65 kilometres west of Barcelona and 20 kilometres west of the famous mountain and monastery of Montserrat. Igualada hosts the European Balloon Festival, the largest hot air balloon festival in Spain and one of the largest in Europe, it has taken place every year, since 1997, at the beginning of July. The city hosts the Aerosport airshow, which takes place every year in April or May; the Igualada Leather Museum was created in 1954 and was the first leather museum in Spain, the third in Europe.
The collections are displayed in two nearby buildings in Igualada: the "Cal Boyer" building, a former cotton textile factory from the late 19th century, the "Cal Granotes" building, an 18th-century tannery. "Cal Granotes" displays two floors of a typical tannery: the ground floor, where the leather preparation and tanning was done, the upper floor, where the leather was dried hanging from bars. In the early 18th century, the tanning workers from Igualada decided to leave the enclosure of the medieval walls and established new industries along a water pipe or irrigation ditch named "El Rec" mentioned in 12th-century documents and used by mills; the ditch collects the Anoia river water from a lock. The "Igualada Muleteer's Museum - Antoni Ros Collection" explains the evolution of transport using animals such as mules, horses and the different relationships that paved the way for the profession of muleteer, it is distributed into three main thematic areas: professions and bridles, carriages. The new Igualada Cemetery was designed by the architects Enric Miralles and Carme Pinós after winning an architectural competition in 1984.
Constructed between 1985 and 1994 as a replacement for the old "Cemetery Vell", it has become regarded as one of the most poetic works of the 20th century Catalan architecture. Enric Miralles, who died in year 2000 is buried in one of the tombs; the Basilica of Santa Maria is the most important historical building of Igualada. The first settlement of Igualada is dated around year 1000, in the location were the current church lies today, at that time a crossing of 2 routes which were linking Barcelona with Aragon, north of Catalonia with its south. Santa Maria church origin is from the 11th century, but the current building is from the 17th century. During the Spanish Civil War it was converted into a market, was restored after the war, under the guidance of the architect Cèsar Martinell. In 1949 Santa Maria obtained the title of Minor Basilica granted by the pope Pius XII; the asil del Sant Crist is one of the most special buildings in Igualada and serves as a nursing home of elder people. Construction started in year 1931 thanks to a donation from Magdalena and Concepció Castells and finished in 1941 after the Spanish Civil War.
It was designed by Joan Rubió i Bellver, pupil of Antoni Gaudí, in late modernisme style, mixed with influences from the traditional Catalan architecture. The local industries developed since 1880, include the manufacture of cotton, wool, cloth, soap, leather and nails. Igualada has a long tradition of tanning and textile industries; the competition from low cost countries which produce inexpensive textile products and the stricter environmental laws applied on tanneries have had a serious impact in the local economy. Despite that, there are several well-known textile companies that keep their headquarters in Igualada, including Buff, Sita Murt and Punto Blanco. Igualada is home to Ultramagic, the only manufacturer of hot air balloons in Spain. Igualada's railway station is the terminus of a line connecting with Plaça d'Espanya in Barcelona; the A-2 motorway between Madrid and Barcelona bypasses the town. Igualada is home to the Igualada Hoquei Club, founded in 1950 and one of the top roller hockey clubs in Europe, having won the European Champions League of Rink Hockey 6 times and the Spanish League 5 times.
The local soccer team is CF Igualada, founded in 1939 and playing at the Primera Catalana league. There is a local Rugby Union Team, Anoia Rugby, who were founded in 2013 and ply their trade in Catalonia's third rugby division. Igualada is twinned with: Lecco, Italy Guimarães, Portugal Alcántara, Spain Nueva Esperanza, Jiquilisco, El Salvador Panareda Clopés, Josep Maria. Guia de Catalunya, Barcelona:Caixa de Catalunya. ISBN 84-87135-01-3. ISBN 84-87135-02-1; this article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed.. "Igualada". Encyclopædia Britannica. 14. Cambridge University Press. P. 295. Igualada tourism office Igualada official site Government data pages
Autonomous communities of Spain
In Spain, an autonomous community is a first-level political and administrative division, created in accordance with the Spanish constitution of 1978, with the aim of guaranteeing limited autonomy of the nationalities and regions that make up Spain. Spain is not a federation, but a decentralized unitary state. While sovereignty is vested in the nation as a whole, represented in the central institutions of government, the nation has, in variable degrees, devolved power to the communities, which, in turn, exercise their right to self-government within the limits set forth in the constitution and their autonomous statutes; each community has its own set of devolved powers. Some scholars have referred to the resulting system as a federal system in all but name, or a "federation without federalism". There are 17 autonomous communities and two autonomous cities that are collectively known as "autonomies"; the two autonomous cities have the right to become autonomous communities, but neither has yet exercised it.
This unique framework of territorial administration is known as the "State of Autonomies". The autonomous communities are governed according to the constitution and their own organic laws known as Statutes of Autonomy, which contain all the competences that they assume. Since devolution was intended to be asymmetrical in nature, the scope of competences vary for each community, but all have the same parliamentary structure. Spain is a diverse country made up of several different regions with varying economic and social structures, as well as different languages and historical and cultural traditions. While the entire Spanish territory was united under one crown in 1479 this was not a process of national homogenization or amalgamation; the constituent territories—be it crowns, principalities or dominions—retained much of their former institutional existence, including limited legislative, judicial or fiscal autonomy. These territories exhibited a variety of local customs, laws and currencies until the mid nineteenth century.
From the 18th century onwards, the Bourbon kings and the government tried to establish a more centralized regime. Leading figures of the Spanish Enlightenment advocated for the building of a Spanish nation beyond the internal territorial boundaries; this culminated in 1833, when Spain was divided into 49 provinces, which served as transmission belts for policies developed in Madrid. However, unlike in other European countries such as France, where regional languages were spoken in rural areas or less developed regions, two important regional languages of Spain were spoken in some of the most industrialized areas, moreover, enjoyed higher levels of prosperity, in addition to having their own cultures and historical consciousness; these were Catalonia. This gave rise to peripheral nationalisms along with Spanish nationalism; therefore and social changes that had produced a national cultural unification in France had the opposite effect in Spain. As such, Spanish history since the late 19th century has been shaped by a dialectical struggle between Spanish nationalism and peripheral nationalisms in Catalonia and the Basque Country, to a lesser degree in Galicia.
In a response to Catalan demands, limited autonomy was granted to Catalonia in 1914, only to be abolished in 1923. It was granted again in 1932 during the Second Spanish Republic, when the Generalitat, Catalonia's mediaeval institution of government, was restored; the constitution of 1931 envisaged a territorial division for all Spain in "autonomous regions", never attained—only Catalonia, the Basque Country and Galicia had approved "Statutes of Autonomy"—the process being thwarted by the Spanish Civil War that broke out in 1936, the victory of the rebel Nationalist forces under Francisco Franco. During General Franco's dictatorial regime, centralism was most forcefully enforced as a way of preserving the "unity of the Spanish nation". Peripheral nationalism, along with communism and atheism were regarded by his regime as the main threats, his attempts to fight separatism with heavy-handed but sporadic repression, his severe suppression of language and regional identities backfired: the demands for democracy became intertwined with demands for the recognition of a pluralistic vision of the Spanish nationhood.
When Franco died in 1975, Spain entered into a phase of transition towards democracy. The most difficult task of the newly democratically elected Cortes Generales in 1977 acting as a Constituent Assembly was to transition from a unitary centralized state into a decentralized state in a way that would satisfy the demands of the peripheral nationalists; the Prime Minister of Spain, Adolfo Suárez, met with Josep Tarradellas, president of the Generalitat of Catalonia in exile. An agreement was made so that the Generalitat would be restored and limited competencies would be transferred while the constitution was still being written. Shortly after, the government allowed the creation of "assemblies of members of parliament" integrated by deputies and senators of the different territories of Spain, so that they could constitute "pre-autonomic regimes" for their regions as well; the Fathers of the Constitution had to strike a balance between the opposing views of Spain—on the one hand, the centralist view inherited from Franco's regime, on the other hand federalism and a pluralistic view of Spain as a "nation of nations".
Montmaneu is a municipality in the comarca of the Anoia in Catalonia, Spain. Government data pages
Pujalt is a municipality in the comarca of the Anoia in Catalonia, Spain. It comprises the settlements of Pujalt, Conill, L'Astor, La Guàrdia Pilosa, Vilamajor. Government data pages