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Ante Pavelić (1869–1938)

Ante Pavelić was a Croatian dentist and politician. In Croatian sources, he is referred as stariji or zubar to be distinguished from the more notable Croatian fascist leader and politician Ante Pavelić, twenty years younger and member of a different Party of Rights. Starting in 1906 he was a member of the Croatian parliament from the Party of Rights; the Party of Rights that Pavelić belonged to was known as Milinovci, after their leader Mile Starčević. On October 5, 1918 Pavelić presided over the initial session of the National Assembly of the State of Slovenes and Serbs. On October 19, he became the vice president of the National Assembly. Pavelić authored the Croatian Parliament's declaration of October 29, 1918 that formally acknowledged the National Assembly as the superior authority over Croatia. Pavelić and others started negotiating with the Serbian envoy to the National Assembly Dušan T. Simović as soon as Hungary signed a truce with the Allies on October 13, 1918 - Simović had said that their military victory and the treaty with Hungary gave them right to most of the territory of the State of Slovenes and Serbs, whereas Pavelić said that they want unification with Serbia, but that they needed a federal state as well as a delineation of Croatian and Serbian population that would assume a population transfer.

Simović rejected the talk of federalization and Pavelić yielded, there was no further discussion on either issue. As a delegate of the Assembly, he read the statement on uniting the SHS state with Kingdom of Serbia into Kingdom of Serbs and Slovenes on 1 December 1918. Pavelić joined the Democratic Party, in 1932, he became the Speaker of the Senate of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia

Life and Death Are Wearing Me Out

Life and Death Are Wearing Me Out is a 2006 novel by Chinese writer Mo Yan. The book is a historical fiction exploring China's development during the latter half of the 20th century through the eyes of a noble and generous landowner, killed and reincarnated as various farm animals in rural China, it has drawn praise from critics, was the recipient of the inaugural Newman Prize for Chinese Literature in 2009. An English translation was published in 2008; the story's protagonist is Ximen Nao, a benevolent and noble landowner in Gaomi county, Shandong province. Although known for his kindness to peasants, Nao is targeted during Mao Zedong's land reform movement in 1948 and executed so that his land could be redistributed. Upon his death, Nao finds himself in the underworld, where Lord Yama tortures him in an attempt to elicit an admission of guilt. Nao retains that he is innocent, as punishment, Lord Yama sends him back to earth where he is reborn as a donkey in his village on January 1, 1950. In subsequent reincarnations, he goes through life as a donkey, an ox, a pig, a dog, a monkey, until being born again as a man.

Through the lens of various animals, the protagonist experiences the political movements that swept China under Communist Party rule, including the Great Chinese Famine and Cultural Revolution, all the way through to New Year's Eve in 2000. The author, Mo Yan, uses self-reference and by the end of the novel introduces himself as one of the main characters. Life and Death Are Wearing Me Out garnered favorable reviews, though some critics suggested the narrative style was at times difficult to follow. Jonathan Spence described it as "a wildly visionary and creative novel mocking and rearranging itself and jolting the reader with its own internal commentary; this is politics as pathology...a vast and complex story." Steven Moore of the Washington Post writes it is "a grimly entertaining overview of recent Chinese history... Mo Yan offers insights into communist predatory capitalism that we ignore at our peril. This'lumbering animal of a story,' as he calls it, combines the appeal of a family saga set against tumultuous events with the technical bravura of innovative fiction."The book's translator, Howard Goldblatt, nominated it for the 2009 Newman Prize for Chinese Literature, writing "it puts a human face on the revolution, is replete with the dark humor, metafictional insertions, fantasies that Mo Yan’s readers have come to expect and enjoy."

Kirkus Book Reviews called the novel "epic black comedy... This long story never slackens. Mo Yan is a mordant Rabelaisian satirist, there are echoes of Laurence Sterne's Tristram Shandy in this novel's rollicking plenitude."

2016 Lahore suicide bombing

On 27 March 2016, Easter Sunday, at least 75 people were killed and over 340 injured in a suicide bombing that hit the main entrance of Gulshan-e-Iqbal Park, one of the largest parks in Lahore, Pakistan. The attack targeted Christians; the majority of victims were children. Jamaat-ul-Ahrar, a group affiliated with the Pakistani Taliban, claimed responsibility for the attack; the attack led to national mourning throughout Pakistan. Pakistan launched a widespread counter-terrorism operation in South Punjab, arresting more than 200 people; the Pakistani Taliban operates as an umbrella organization for various Islamist militant groups in Pakistan. These extremist groups have attacked Christians, who make up 2% of Pakistan's population. Jamaat-ul-Ahrar, the perpetrator of the current attack and once a breakaway organisation that reunited in March 2015 have declared their intention to carry out more attacks in the future; the bombing took place at 18:30. The perpetrator used an explosives-packed vest.

More than 40 bodies arrived at Jinnah Hospital. A shortage of ambulances forced rickshaws to transport the injured. Responsibility was claimed by the Jamaat-ul-Ahrar, a group affiliated with the Pakistani Taliban, responsible for bombings at two Lahore churches on 15 March 2015. A statement by Jamaat-ul-Ahrar spokesman Ehsanullah Ehsan said the attack targeted Christians. Witnesses reported. There were Christians in the park due to Easter, although there was no celebration of Easter on the park; the front entrances were crowded with people including children. Witnesses reported. Due to the blast force, several bodies were flung into the air; the blast could be heard many kilometres away. Local residents reported. Shortly afterwards, total chaos erupted. A witness said: It was so crowded that there was no way of entering it. We went to a canteen to have something to eat, when there was a big blast. Everyone panicked. Many of them were blocked at the gate of the park. Dead bodies can be found everywhere.

After the attack, citizens rushed to hospitals in response to urgent requests for blood donations. On-demand cab service, offered free rides to the hospital for blood donors while activists used social media to coordinate relief efforts, including donating blood and cash. Half of the more than 300 victims were taken to Jinnah Hospital in Lahore on Sunday night. 67 remained in the hospital with various injuries such as burns and shrapnel wounds, doctors said. Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif held a meeting in response to the bombing. Pakistan's army chief, General Raheel Sharif convened an emergency meeting of the country's intelligence agencies to begin to track down those responsible for the attacks. On 28 March, Prime Minister Sharif directed law enforcement agencies to step up counter-terror operations against terrorists and their abettors in southern Punjab; the prime minister issued these orders to the LEA's while chairing a high-level meeting at the Chief Minister House in Lahore to review the attack and overall strategy against terrorists.

He said his government goal was to "eliminate terror infrastructure" from Pakistan but the extremist mind-set, a threat to our way of life. The chairman of the Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf party, Imran Khan, visited the victims of the blast in Jinnah Hospital, he told the media that the current government needs to implement the National Action Plan and develop a consensus to go after terrorists in whichever province they are seeking refuge. He added that Pakistan's Government had failed to provide security to Pakistani people and that it must revisit its priorities, he condemned the attack by saying: "It is against the teachings of our Holy Prophet and basic principles of Islam."On 28 March, in Punjab, several suspected terrorists were arrested alongside with firearms with full ammo recovered in different parts in Lahore and Multan. Since the night of 27 March, the army had conducted a military operation for capturing the terrorists. Al Jazeera noted that the bombing "underscored" both the "precarious position" of Pakistan's minorities and the fact that the fighters from armed groups "are still capable of staging wide-scale assaults despite the months-long military offensive targeting their hideouts and safe havens in remote tribal areas".

On 29 March, Pakistani authorities conducted a counter terror operation with more than 5,000 questioned, more than 200 suspects detained. Anonymous government and security sources told Reuters that a decision has been made to launch a full-scale crackdown on Islamist militants in Punjab, which may involve the paramilitary Rangers, who have been operating in Karachi for the last two years. President of Pakistan, Mamnoon Hussain. Business leaders announced that all shopping malls and markets in Lahore would be closed on 28 March, the day following the bombing. Several news agencies in Pakistan, such as the Express Tribune, changed their websites to display everything only in greyscale; the Pakistan Army said it would begin military operations across Punjab in response to the bombings, targeting militants, their facilitators and their hideouts. United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon condemned the attack and called for

Ann Duquesnay

Ann Duquesnay is an American musical theatre singer/actress and lyricist best known for Bring in'da Noise, Bring in'da Funk, which earned her a Tony Award and Grammy Award nomination. Duquesnay's parents were Southern sharecroppers who moved to Harlem when she was five years old. Although she did not have formal music training until well after her stage years, she developed a passion for theatre, encouraged by director George C. Wolfe. Duquesnay's Broadway debut was in the revue Blues in the Night in 1982 as a standby. Two years she played Glinda in a revival of The Wiz, she was next seen in Jelly's Last Jam as Gran Mimi and Ancestor. She was a replacement on Broadway in "It Ain't Nothin But the Blues", she has toured extensively in the U. S. and internationally. Critically acclaimed for her performance in roles as Alberta Hunter "Cookin at the Cookery". Off-Broadway & Regional "Sheila's Day" at Hartford Stage, Crossroads Theatre, Market Theatre, Johannesburg SA. Narrator in Ken Burns documentaries and the biographical audio book of Aretha Franklin "Aretha From These Roots".

Along with Daryl Waters and Zane Mark, Duquesnay co-wrote the music for Bring in'Da Noise, Bring in'Da Funk in 1996, as well as playing the roles of'Da Singer and Chanteuse. The musical debuted on April 25. For her contributions, she won a Tony for Best Featured Actress in a Musical and was nominated for Best Original Score. In 2006, Duquesnay returned to Broadway in the revue Hot Feet, featuring music by Maurice White of Earth and Fire. Ann Duquesnay at the Internet Broadway Database

John Boardman (merchant)

John Boardman was a merchant and one of the earliest settlers of Troy, New York. Boardman was born in Preston, Litchfield Country, the fourth of a brood of six. In 1788, he acquired a plot in farmland, subdivided by the Van der Heyden family in the previous year. Other settlers of his generation included Stephen Ashley, Benjamin Covell, Samuel Gale, Benjamin Smith, Philip Heartt, Anthony Goodspeed, Mahlon Taylor, Ephraim Morgan, Ebenezer and Samuel Wilson; as one writer reminisced of these pioneers, “they were few in number, possessed but little substance. They were men of shrewd minds, they saw. They judged that with its natural advantages, their enterprise could not fail.”On the night of January 5th, 1789, Boardman and other residents gathered in Ashley’s Inn voted to give the settlement a new designation. Henceforth the town of Vanderheyden would be known as Troy. Thanks to the industry of entrepreneurs like Boardman, Troy grew steadily, it was incorporated as a town in 1791, upgraded to a village in 1801.

Three years after his death, Troy was chartered as a city. Boardman formed several mercantile partnerships in the course of his career. Morgan, Boardman & Coit was established as early as 1790, his enterprise went through further permutations as Morgan & Boardman, Boardman & Hillhouse. Boardman built a house on the west side of Second Street in Troy on the Hudson River in New York, he served in a number of official capacities in the early history of Troy. He was among the first fire wardens, appointed to the office in 1799, 1801, 1803, served as assessor for the Second Ward in 1806. In 1800 he married Clarinda Starbuck of Nantucket, the daughter of Daniel and Mary Starbuck of Nantucket. Through the Folger side of the family, Clarinda was related to both Benjamin Franklin and Lucretia Mott. Although Clarinda had been raised a Quaker, she had joined the Presbyterian Church when she married John, himself of Puritan stock, their son, Henry Augustus Boardman would become pastor of the Tenth Presbyterian Church in Philadelphia, a denominational leader

John Payzant

John Payzant was a Foreign Protestant, prominent New Light Congregational minister in Liverpool, Nova Scotia and was taken captive for four years with his siblings and pregnant mother after the Raid on Lunenburg. He was born Jean Paysant in St. Helier, Channel Islands to French Huguenots Louis Payzant and his wife Marie Anne Noget; the family moved to Lunenburg, Nova Scotia, in 1753. At the May 1756 raid, mercenary natives for the French scalped his father and three others. For the first year, he and his siblings were adopted by the Indigenous family while his pregnant mother was taken to Quebec. John learned to speak their native language, he wrote: “I was a languattor for the Indians as I had learnt that Language when prisoner among them." After one year of captivity by the natives, he and his siblings were released to re-connect with their mother in Quebec. “When I arrived at Quebec I was sent to the Jesuits to be instructed in the Learning of that Academy and during my stay there I made great proficiency in the Arts that were taught in that School, as they were fond to proselyte they took the more pains with me."

In 1760 they all returned to Nova Scotia. He became a minister in Liverpool, Nova Scotia, he was part of the Great Awakening and was a follower of Henry Alline and married his sister Mary in 1774. They had eight sons. Rev. John Payzant is buried in Liverpool's Old Burying Ground. Captivity Narratives - Nova Scotia The journal of the Reverend John Payzant, ed. B. C. Cuthbertson Nova Scotia Historical Society, #40: "Rev. John Payzant: Henry Alline's Successor". 1, 1993: "The Lunenburg Indian Raids of 1756 and 1758: A New Documentary Source," by Linda G. Wood, pp. 93-108