click links in text for more info

Bristow, Virginia

Bristow is an unincorporated community of Prince William County in Northern Virginia about 30 miles from Washington, DC. In 2014, Bristow's postal area population was 29,346, a 287% increase since 2000. Bristow is home to Jiffy Lube Live outdoor concert stage, known as the Nissan Pavilion. Bristow was voted "Best Place for Homeownership in Virginia" by the Nerd Wallet; as of the census of 2000, there were 8,910 people, 2,964 housing units, 9,188 families living in the town. The racial makeup of the town was 87.62% White, 6.73% Black, 2.57% Asian, 0.18% Native American, 0.12% Pacific Islander, 1.04% from other races. Hispanic people of any race were 3.86% of the population. The area is upper-middle-class residential managed communities including Braemar Community, Bridlewood Manor, Crossman Creek, Kingsbrooke, New Bristow Village, Lanier Farms, Sheffield Manor, Amberleigh Station, Victory Lakes; the majority of the Bristow Area was part of the Linton's Ford plantation, owned by the Linton family from the 18th century.

In 1894, Sarah Linton converted to Catholicism and became a Benedictine nun, she donated the property to the Roman Catholic Church, to be used to establish schools for poor girls and boys. Linton Hall Military School was founded in 1922, for which the main road was named: Linton Hall Road. In 1989, the school became coeducational. In the late 20th century, much of the original property was sold to developers. Population increased in the Bristow area, increased enrollment for the school; the Linton family are buried in the Linton Family Cemetery in the Braemar Community. The cemetery is unowned due to a loss of records when the Brentsville Courthouse burned in the Civil War. However, maintenance is provided by the Braemar Community Association with coordination with the Benedictine Sisters at Linton Hall. According to the Geographic Names Information System, Bristow has been known as Briscoe, Bristoe Station, Bristow Station; the Board on Geographic Names decided upon Bristow as the community's name in 1906.

The Brentsville Historic District and Davis-Beard House are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The former village proper was located on SR 619, Bristow Road, about 1 mile southwest of the intersection with SR 28, Nokesville Road, at the Norfolk Southern Railway crossing. There are a few businesses left at this location, a crew change point for the railroad is just up the tracks from the railroad crossing; the new town center has, in general, relocated farther west around the Braemar Parkway area. There has been major development since 2000 in both residential and commercial business that are continuing to expand. Bristow Manor Golf Club has a beautiful course, putting green, it was voted by Golf Digest as one of "Top 100 Places to Play from 1998-2000". The Bristow Beat online publication covers local news. Major highways that connect Bristow include Virginia Route 28, Virginia Route 234 and Virginia Route 215. Bristow is served by the Broad Run/Airport Virginia Railway Express station, in the southern-tier of the community.

The station offers weekday service to inner suburbs in Fairfax County and Washington, D. C; the Manassas Regional Airport is located in the City of Manassas, adjacent to Bristow, serves the area. Humayun Khan, soldier who died in combat in 2004 Lucky Whitehead, Dallas Cowboys wide receiver Greg Stroman, Washington Redskins defensive back Battle of Bristoe Station Jiffy Lube Live Prince William County Government

Crystallization (love)

Crystallization is a concept, developed in 1822 by the French writer Stendhal, which describes the process, or mental metamorphosis, in which unattractive characteristics of a new love are transformed into perceptual diamonds of shimmering beauty. In the summer of 1818 Stendhal took a recreational trip to the salt mines of Hallein near Salzburg with his friend and associate Madame Gherardi. Here they discovered the phenomenon of salt “crystallization” and used it as a metaphor for human relationships. "In the salt mines, nearing the end of the winter season, the miners will throw a leafless wintry bough into one of the abandoned workings. Two or three months through the effects of the waters saturated with salt which soak the bough and let it dry as they recede, the miners find it covered with a shining deposit of crystals; the tiniest twigs no bigger than a tom-tit’s claw are encrusted with an infinity of little crystals scintillating and dazzling. The original little bough is no longer recognizable.

When the sun is shining and the air is dry the miners of Hallein seize the opportunity of offering these diamond-studded boughs to travellers preparing to go down to the mine." Along one particular trip into the 500-ft deep Salzburg mines and Madame Gherardi were introduced to an intelligent Bavarian officer who thereafter joined their company. Soon enough, the officer began to become quite taken by Madame Gherardi; the officer, according to Stendhal, could be seen to be visually "falling in love" with her. What struck Stendhal the most, as an undertone of madness grew moment by moment in the discourse of the officer, was how the officer saw perfections in this woman which were more or less invisible to Stendhal’s eyes. For example, he began to praise Madame Gherardi’s hand, curiously marked by smallpox in her childhood and had remained pocked and rather brown. Stendhal reasoned, "How shall I explain what I see?" He wondered, "Where shall I find a comparison to illustrate my thought?" Just at that moment Madame Gherardi was toying with a pretty branch covered with salt crystals which the miners had given her.

The sun was shining and the little salt prisms glittered like the finest diamonds in a brightly lit ballroom. From this observation Stendhal formulated his concept of mental "crystallization" and thus set forth to explain it to Madame Gherardi, curiously unaware of the officer's enhanced infatuation for her, he told her, "The effect produced on this young man by the nobility of your Italian features and those eyes of which he has never seen the like is similar to the effect of crystallization upon that little branch of hornbeam you hold in your hand and which you think so pretty. Stripped of its leaves by the winter it was anything but dazzling until the crystallization of the salt covered its black twigs with such a multitude of shining diamonds that only here and there can one still see the twigs as they are." That is, "This branch is a faithful representation of la Ghita as viewed by the imagination of this young officer." Thus, according to Stendhal, the moment one begins to take interest in a person, one no longer sees him or her as they are, but as it suits one to see them.

According to this metaphor, one sees flattering illusions created by a nascent interest. Stendhal describes or compares the “birth of love” in a new relationship as being a process similar or analogous to a trip to Rome. In the analogy the city of Bologna represents indifference and Rome represents perfect love: "When we are in Bologna, we are indifferent. In a word, in Bologna “crystallization” has not yet begun; when the journey begins, love departs. One leaves Bologna, climbs the Apennines, takes the road to Rome; the departure, according to Stendhal, has nothing to do with one’s will. This transformative process actuates in terms of four steps along a journey: Admiration – one marvels at the qualities of the loved one. Acknowledgement – one acknowledges the pleasantness of having gained the loved one's interest. Hope – one envisions gaining the love of the loved one. Delight – one delights in overrating the beauty and merit of the person whose love one hopes to win; this journey or crystallization process, shown above, was detailed by Stendhal on the back of a playing card while speaking to Madame Gherardi, during his trip to the Salzburg salt mine.

Psychologist Dorothy Tennov describes the process as a transformation in which the loved one’s characteristics are crystallized via mental events and neurological reconfigurations such that attractive characteristics are exaggerated and unattractive characteristics are given little or no attention. She uses this basis for her description of a "limerent object", related to the concept of limerence

Sir Alexander Boswell, 1st Baronet

Sir Alexander Boswell, 1st Baronet, was a Scottish poet and songwriter. The son of Samuel Johnson's friend and biographer James Boswell of Auchinleck, he used the funds from his inheritance to pay for a seat in Parliament and successfully sought a baronetcy for his political support of the government. However, his finances subsequently collapsed and after being revealed as the author of violent attacks on a rival, he died as a result of wounds received in a duel. Boswell was the eldest son of James Boswell of Auchinleck, by Margaret Montgomerie of Lainshaw, grandson of Alexander Boswell, Lord Auchinleck, he was born in Auchinleck House. He attended Soho Academy in London in 1786 and Eton College from 1789 to 1792. Following his father's intention that he follow a legal career, he went to the University of Edinburgh in 1793. Shortly after his father's death he went to the University of Leipzig to study law, but soon dropped out of the course and visited Dresden and Berlin before returning to London in the summer of 1796.

Boswell was a tall and muscular man, thought by his sister to have exceeded his expectations. Having inherited land from his father, he took care of his inheritance and by 1801 the rents paid annually to him were more than his father had received. Boswell was keen on country sports. Having abandoned a legal career, Boswell developed his interest in old Scottish authors and became a poet and bibliophile, becoming friends with Walter Scott. In 1815 he established a private press at Auchinleck, he wrote some popular Scottish songs, of which Jenny's Bawbee and Jenny dang the Weaver are the best known. He was a Captain in the Ayr yeomanry from 1803, promoted to Major in 1815 and becoming the Lieutenant-Colonel Commandant in 1816. Boswell bought his entry to the House of Commons in 1816, paying Paul Treby who controlled one seat in the borough of Plympton Erle in Devon. In politics he was a staunch Tory voting with the Government of the day, his complaint was that Liverpool had not given help to him in his search for a seat in Parliament, despite having "conscientiously supported the administration with more persevering punctuality than any paid man in office", as he wrote to Lord Sidmouth.

When Sidmouth as Home Secretary brought in the "Six Acts" against sedition following the Peterloo Massacre, Boswell turned up to speak on the Seditious Meetings Bill despite wanting to be on the spot to suppress sedition in Ayrshire with his yeomanry. He spoke against reform of Scottish burgh government in 1819. In 1820 he was with the yeomanry and active in suppressing dissent, although he did not only use force in countering them. Boswell attended an Ayrshire meeting to vote a loyal address to King George IV over the Queen Caroline affair on 30 December 1820. Having sought a baronetcy from the Government for his support, Boswell became angered when Liverpool's refusal to grant one was given good publicity. In November 1820 he was on the point of resigning his seat when Sidmouth implied that Liverpool might have rethought his opposition. However, he was hit by a financial crisis in his once profitable land holdings: Boswell had made some bad decisions to buy land, his rental income suffered in a poor economy.

He had the expense of equipping his yeomanry. It cost him £1,000 per session to remain in Parliament, Boswell concluded that he could not afford it; that summer he received the baronetcy he had sought, in recognition of his loyalty. After leaving Parliament, Boswell wrote a series of virulent but anonymous attacks in two Scottish newspapers, the Beacon and the Sentinel, attacking a prominent Whig as a bully and a coward; when a legal fight broke out between the proprietors of the Sentinel, Stuart was able to get access to internal documents which indicated Boswell was the author. Stuart demanded that Boswell either deny apologise, they met on 26 March 1822 at Auchtertool, near Kirkcaldy in Fife. Boswell deliberately fired wide, but Stuart, who had never before handled a gun, shot Boswell in the collarbone. Boswell was taken to Balmuto House, part of the Boswell family estate, died the following day, he left assets of £10,000 and debts of £72,000. Stuart was unanimously found not guilty of murder at his trial.

More than 11,000 people attended the funeral procession was over a mile long. Chalmers, Duel Personalities: James Stuart versus Sir Alexander Boswell, Newbattle Publishing, 2014. Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Alexander Boswell The trial of James Stuart contemporary account of the duel

705 Naval Air Squadron

705 Naval Air Squadron was first formed as a flight in 1936 from No 447 Flight Royal Air Force and operated Swordfish torpedo bombers from battlecruisers. It achieved squadron status in 1939 before being disbanded in 1940; the squadron was re-formed in 1945 and again in 1947 as a fleet requirements unit to evaluate naval use of helicopters. Since the 1950s the squadron has been involved in the basic training of helicopter aircrew, forms part of the Defence Helicopter Flying School at RAF Shawbury. 705 Flight was formed from No 447 Flight Royal Air Force, standing up in June 1936. Operational control of naval aviation was returned to the Royal Navy on 30 July 1937, during this period the squadron operated the Fairey Swordfish biplane torpedo bomber from the battlecruisers Repulse and Renown; the aircraft were equipped with floats so that they could be launched from the ships by catapult and recovered from the water by crane. 705 achieved squadron status in 1939. Early in World War II the squadron saw service protecting troop convoys and hunting raiders on the North America and West Indies Station.

After disembarkation to RNAS Lee-on-Solent in 1939, the squadron was disbanded in 1940. 705 Naval Air Squadron was reformed in 1945 and carried out the role of torpedo training. In May 1947, 705 Squadron was re-commissioned at RNAS Gosport with the Sikorsky Hoverfly element from 771 NAS. At first the squadron operated as a fleet requirements unit, was responsible for the evaluation of the helicopter for use at sea. On 1 February 1947 Lieutenant K Reed carried out the first helicopter deck landing on a Royal Navy ship when he landed on HMS Vanguard off Portland; the squadron became responsible for the basic flying training of Royal Naval helicopter pilots and was re-equipped during the 1950s with the Westland Dragonfly, the Hiller HT1 and the Sikorsky S55. The squadron moved to RNAS Culdrose in 1957 where the marks of Hiller and Whirlwind were introduced; these types were replaced in 1974 by the Westland Gazelle HT.2. Between 1975 and 1992 the instructors of the squadron performed as the'Sharks' helicopter display team at up to 20 air displays every year both in the UK and abroad.

In April 1997 705 NAS disbanded and reformed at RAF Shawbury in Shropshire as part of the Defence Helicopter Flying School, flying the Eurocopter Squirrel HT Mk 1 helicopter. Remaining as part of DHFS but now forming one of the elements of the UK Military Flying Training System, the Squadron began flying the H135 Juno HT Mk1 in April 2018. Within DHFS, under 2 Maritime Air Wing, 705 Squadron provides basic and advanced rotary wing flying training for all three services pilots and rear crew; as the busiest Squadron within DHFS, 705 Squadron teaches both pilots and crewman a vast number of different disciplines including advanced handling, instrument flying and low level navigation, mountain flying and night flying including low level navigation with NVD. In addition to pure flying training, 705 Squadron provides a naval focus for naval aircrew operating within an otherwise joint service and civilian-run organisation; the Squadron is commanded by a Royal Navy Lieutenant Commander, has a Royal Navy "Senior Pilot", while the Flight Commander billets are filled in by Qualified Helicopter Instructors from any of the three services.

Naval graduates of DHFS are streamed towards Leonardo Merlin – MPH, Leonardo Merlin – Commando or Leonardo Wildcat AH / Wildcat HMA training Squadrons. The squadron has flown a number of aircraft types since its formation, including: Blackburn Shark II/SP Fairey Swordfish I/SP & III Sikorsky Hoverfly I & II Saunders-Roe Skeeter Westland Dragonfly HR.1, HR.3 & HR.5 Hiller HT.1 & HT.2 Sikorsky S55 Westland Whirlwind HAS.22, HAR.1, HAR.3 & HAS.7 Westland Wasp HAS.1 Westland Gazelle HT.2 Eurocopter Squirrel Airbus H-135 Juno Lt Cdr Becky Frater Lt Cdr Scott Hughes Lt Cdr Matt Robinson Lt Cdr Paul Ryan Lt Cdr Phil Crompton Official Website

Google Bookmarks

Google Bookmarks is a free online bookmarking service available to Google Account holders. It is separate from browser-based bookmarking and should not be confused with the Bookmarks function on any popular browser, Google Chrome included. Google Bookmarks was launched on October 10, 2005, it is a cloud-based service that allows users to add labels or notes. The service never became adopted by Google users. Users can access their bookmarks from any browser on any device by signing into their Google account; the online service is designed to store a single user's bookmarks as opposed to social and enterprise online bookmarking services that encourage sharing bookmarks. The bookmarks are searchable, searches are performed on the full text of the bookmark. Additionally, a simple bookmarklet labeled Google Bookmark is at the bottom of the Google Bookmarks page which can be dragged to the toolbar of any browser to make bookmarking more convenient; this opens a window to add notes and labels. Bookmark Comparison of enterprise bookmarking platforms Social bookmarking List of social bookmarking websites Official website