Anthony Rosenroll

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Anthony Sigwart de Rosenroll
Anthony Sigwart de Rosenroll.jpg
Member of the Legislative Assembly of Alberta
In office
November 9, 1905 – March 22, 1909
Preceded byNew district
Succeeded byCharles H. Olin
Member of the Legislative Assembly of the Northwest Territories
In office
November 4, 1898 – September 1, 1905
Preceded byNew district
Succeeded byDistrict abolished
Personal details
BornDecember 4, 1857
Castellammare di Stabia, Italy
DiedMay 8, 1945(1945-05-08) (aged 87)
Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan
Resting placeWetaskiwin
Political partyAlberta Liberal Party
Spouse(s)Ida Eberhard
ChildrenArthur Sylvester (1896-1971)
Edgar (1897-1968)
Richelda (1898-1944)

Anthony Sigwart de Rosenroll (December 4, 1857 – May 8, 1945) was a politician and businessman in the Canadian province of Alberta. Born in Italy to a family of noble Swiss heritage, he spent his early adulthood in Australia and New Zealand before settling in Canada in 1895, he became a prominent resident of Wetaskiwin, and was acclaimed as its representative to the Legislative Assembly of the Northwest Territories in 1898 and 1902. In Alberta's first provincial election, he was elected as a Liberal to the Legislative Assembly of Alberta, where he remained until 1909, he remained active in business until 1940, and died in 1945 of pneumonia.

Early life[edit]

De Rosenroll was born December 4, 1857, in Castellamare, Italy, to Rudolph and Margaret de Rosenroll,[1] he was descended from Swiss nobility on his father's side, though his line had been absent from Switzerland since 1806. When Anthony was three years old, his father was killed at Palermo while fighting for Giuseppe Garibaldi during the Expedition of the Thousand; his family took refuge in Malta for much of the rest of the rebellion.[2]

Returning to Italy, de Rosenroll was taught by tutors in Naples,[1] and ultimately graduated from the University of Naples in civil engineering,[3] he spent several years working for the governments of Australia and New Zealand in this capacity, before voyaging to the United States to visit his sister.[2] From there he came to Winnipeg in 1895, ultimately becoming one of the first residents of Wetaskiwin in 1896.[1] There he married Ida Eberhard, with whom he had three children: Arthur (1896–1971—born in Ollon because of his father's distrust of the young Canadian medical profession[2]), Edgar (1897–1968), and Richelda (1898–1944).[3]

De Rosenroll involved himself in many business ventures; the first of these was a ranching enterprise, in which he initially partnered with Scandinavian settler Thomas R. Jevne and later founded the Rosenroll Ranch near Hay Lakes. Other ventures included the Rosenroll Lumber Co. Ltd., Rosenroll Dairy/Wetaskiwin Creamery, a coal mine, and Rosenroll Ltd., which dealt in real estate and insurance.[2][3]

De Rosenroll was a prominent citizen of his young and growing town. In 1896, he was made a Justice of the Peace and a notary public.[4] Wetaskiwin's Rosenroll Street and nearby Rosenroll were named in his honour (though the former was eventually re-designated with a number, and the latter was renamed to Bittern Lake in 1910),[2] he was an active Presbyterian and a Mason.[4]

Political career and later life[edit]

De Rosenroll's prominence was such that, when Wetaskiwin received a seat in the Legislative Assembly of the Northwest Territories beginning with the 1898 election, he was acclaimed to it, he was re-elected by acclamation during the 1902 election.[5] When Alberta became a province in 1905, de Rosenroll ran in its first election in Wetaskiwin as the Liberal candidate, he defeated Conservative R.W. Angus handily;[6] when the government introduced a bill increasing the size of the legislature from sixteen seats to 41, de Rosenroll argued that not enough of the new seats were going to rural regions.[7] He did not seek re-election in the 1909 election.

In 1909 he was endorsed by the German-speaking population of Strathcona as the Liberal candidate for the House of Commons of Canada in an upcoming by-election.[8] Whether he declined their entreaties or was defeated is unclear, but the nominated Liberal candidate was James McCrie Douglas, who was elected by acclamation.

In his later life, de Rosenroll devoted himself to writing a family history, completed in 1936,[2] he retired from his business activities in 1940, leaving them to his son Edgar. He subsequently moved to Moose Jaw, where his son Arthur lived.[3] In 1944 he contracted pneumonia, and in 1945 he died in Moose Jaw at the age of 87,[2][3] he is buried in a Wetaskiwin cemetery.[2]

Electoral record[edit]

1905 Alberta general election results (Wetaskiwin)[6] Turnout N.A.
Liberal A.L. [sic] Rosenroll 552 66.51%
     Conservative R.W. Angus 547 33.49%
1902 Northwest Territories general election results (Wetaskiwin)[5] Turnout N/A
Anthony Sigwart de Rosenroll Acclaimed
1898 Northwest Territories general election results (Wetaskiwin)[5] Turnout N/A
Anthony Sigwart de Rosenroll Acclaimed


  • Blue, John (1924). Alberta: Past and Present, Historical and Biographical. 2. Chicago, Illinois: Pioneer Historical Publishing Co.
  • Thomas, Lewis Gwynne (1959). The Liberal Party in Alberta. Toronto, Ontario: University of Toronto Press.


  1. ^ a b c Blue 263
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h "Swiss nobleman in Wetaskiwin". Historical Society of Alberta. Retrieved 2011-11-08.
  3. ^ a b c d e "Rosenroll Limited fonds". Archives Canada. Archived from the original on 2012-04-05. Retrieved 2011-11-08.
  4. ^ a b Blue 264
  5. ^ a b c "Territories" (PDF). Saskatchewan Archives Board. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-09-27. Retrieved 2011-11-05.
  6. ^ a b "Election results for Wetaskiwin, 1905". Alberta Online Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2011-11-05.
  7. ^ Thomas 64
  8. ^ "Overview of the immigration history of Alberta's German-speaking communities (Part 1: 1880s to 1914)". University of Alberta. Archived from the original on 2011-05-21. Retrieved 2011-11-08.

External links[edit]