The Asháninka or Asháninca are an indigenous people living in the rainforests of Peru and in the State of Acre, Brazil. Their ancestral lands are in the forests of Pasco, Huánuco and part of Ucayali in Peru; the Asháninka are estimated between 25,000 and 45,000, although others give 88,000 to 100,000. Only a few hundred of these live on the Brazilian side of the border; the Ashaninka communities are scattered throughout the central rainforests of Peru in the Provinces of Junin, Huanuco and a part of Ucayali, the state of Acre. The Asháninka are dependent on subsistence agriculture, they use the slash-and-burn method to clear lands and to plant yucca roots, sweet potato, bananas, coffee and sugar cane in biodiversity-friendly techniques. They live from hunting and fishing using bows and arrows or spears, as well as from collecting fruit and vegetables in the jungle; the Asháninka were known by the Incas as Campa. The Antis, who gave their name to the Inca province of Antisuyu, were notorious for their fierce independence, their warlike skills in protecting their land and culture against intrusion from outsiders.
Ashanínka tribal societies have faced overwhelming obstacles in disputes over territory and culture against the immigrating Spanish culture and neighboring tribal societies. Biodiversity is the establishment of the Ashanínka way of life, so they treat this biodiversity hotspot as their'natural capital.'In AD 1542 the European settlers pushed to overtake the natural resources. In June 2010, the Brazilian and Peruvian governments signed an energy agreement that allows Brazilian companies to build a series of large dams in the Brazilian and Bolivian Amazon." The problem with the 2,000-megawatt Pakitzapango Dam is that it has a permanent location, proposed to be located in the heart of Peru's Ene valley could displace as many as 10,000 Ashanínka. These encroaching problems have not only changed the generational culture of the Ashanínka tribal societies, but has changed landscape of what we call modern-day Peru; the Asháninka traditional dress known as a kushma, is a robe made from cotton, collected, spun and woven by women on looms.
The robes are dyed either brown or a bright royal blue. The shoulders of the garments are ornamented with seeds. A full length robe can take up to three months to complete. Traditionally, women wear their hair long, over the shoulder, While men wear their hair short or in "bowl" cuts below the ear. Around their necks they wear a large variety of necklaces and bracelets made with seeds, the teeth of tapir and monkeys, brightly colored feathers. Traditionally the Asháninka men and children paint their faces in a variety of designs using the bright red crushed seeds of Achiote fruits. For ceremonial purposes, the men wear woven circles of palm leaves decorated with feathers on their heads, the women wear a woven cotton head dress; the Asháninka are known to be fiercely independent, were noted for their "bravery and independence" by the Spanish conquistadors. During the rubber boom, the Asháninka were enslaved by rubber tappers and an estimated 80% of the Asháninka population was killed. For over a century, there has been encroachment onto Asháninka land from rubber tappers, Maoist guerrillas, drug traffickers and oil companies.
Malaria is on the rise in Asháninka communities. Current threats are from oil companies, drug traffickers, illegal lumberers, illegal roads, diseases brought by outsiders
Anti is the eighth studio album by Barbadian singer Rihanna. It was released on January 2016, through Westbury Road and Roc Nation; the singer began planning the record in 2014, at which time she left her previous label Def Jam and joined Roc Nation. Work continued into 2015, during which she released three singles including "FourFiveSeconds", which reached the top 10 in several markets. Anti was made available for free digital download on January 28 through Tidal and was released to online music stores for paid purchase on January 29. Rihanna collaborated with producers including Jeff Bhasker, Boi-1da, DJ Mustard, Hit-Boy, Brian Kennedy, Timbaland and No I. D. to achieve her desired sound. The efforts resulted in a departure from Rihanna's previous dance and club music genres and created a pop, hip hop soul and R&B album, with elements of dancehall and soul; the producers incorporated dark, sparsely layered, minimalist song structures, with most of Anti's lyrics dealing with the complexities of romantic love and self-assurance.
The album was released to positive reviews from music critics and numerous publications included it on their lists of the best albums of 2016. It peaked at number one on the US Billboard 200, moving 166,000 equivalent-album units in its first full-tracking week, after two days of its release was certified platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America as a result of Samsung purchasing one million copies of the album in advance as a free download, it was promoted with four singles, including the single "Work", featuring Canadian rapper Drake, which peaked at number one on the US Billboard Hot 100 becoming Rihanna's fourteenth number one song on the chart. To further promote the album, Rihanna embarked on her seventh worldwide concert tour, the Anti World Tour, commencing in March 2016. Following the release of Rihanna's seventh studio album and its accompanying tour, the singer aimed to take a hiatus from recording music, she stated, "I wanted to have a year to just do whatever I want artistically, creatively."
However, the hiatus did not last long and after a week she returned to the studio. During the initial writing and development of the album, Rihanna wasn't sure how she wanted Anti to sound, she decided she wanted "honest" music and a body of work that reflected and represented her at that time. However, the singer stated that during the recording process she was evolving and she didn't have the answer of who she was at that point. According to her, she was feeling disconnected from her emotions and "numb" during the album's conception. During her creative struggle, Rihanna rented a house in Malibu over a couple of months and started extensively writing and composing music with her team consisted of various musicians. Reflecting on this Rihanna stated: In May 2014, it was announced that Rihanna had left Def Jam Recordings to sign with her manager Jay-Z's company Roc Nation, revealed she had acquired the masters to all her recordings and would be releasing her eighth studio album jointly through her own record label Westbury Road and Roc Nation.
On February 8, 2015, during his Grammy Awards red carpet interview, American rapper Kanye West announced, that he will be the executive producer of Anti. West further compared Rihanna's vocals on the song to Scottish singer Annie Lennox: "I feel like she has this type of energy in her vocals, and she brought it to another level of like soul and heart and artistry". However, in January 2016, in a Twitter reply message to a fan, Rihanna wrote that West is no longer executive producer of the album and both of them are working on different projects. Instead, Rihanna worked with several producers; the album's sessions took place at various recording studios including, the Jungle City Studios in New York City, Westlake Recording Studios, Sandra Gale Studios and Windmark Recording Studios in Los Angeles, SOTA Studios in Toronto and Twin Studios in Paris. Most of the songs were recorded at the Westlake Recording Studios. Songwriter Bibi Bourelly had been working with producer, Paperboy Fabe, who arranged a session with West.
The result was the song, "Higher". Rihanna and James Fauntleroy contributed to the song writing. "Higher" was recorded in the early morning hours while Rihanna was under the influence of alcohol, "We just said,'You know what? Let's just drink some whiskey and record this song." The song was described by Rihanna as a "a drunk voice mail". Rihanna and Fauntleroy collaborated on three other songs – "Desperado", "Close to You" and "James Joint"; the latter was written with Rihanna and Shea Taylor, who wrote the song in less than 30 minutes, while "Close To You" was written after producer Brian Kennedy sent Fauntleroy a piano music sample."Desperado" was written by Mick Shultz and Rook Monroe. After visiting Rihanna's home, Shultz was contacted a week by the singer's team who stated that she liked the record. Rihanna and Kuk Harrell, were all involved in the songs development and recording. In the summer of 2015, songwriter and producer Rupert Thomas together with Allen Ritter and Boi-1da among others, stayed at Canadian rapper's Drake house in Los Angeles for several days.
During the time, the lead single, "Work" was conceived. Thomas played it for Boi-1da to which he positively responded. Boi-1da came with up idea for sampling an "old school dancehall rhythm" and after the chords were made; when the song's music was finished, Boi-1da sent it to PartyNextDoor. Two songs each were recorded at Jungle City Studios in New York City and Windmark Recording Studios in Los Angeles; the studio sessions at Jungle City produced t
Antaeus was a figure in Greek and Berber mythology. In Greek sources, he was the half-giant son of Gaia, his wife was the goddess Tinge, he had a daughter named Alceis or Barce. He was famed for his loss to Heracles as part of his 12 Labors. Antaeus would challenge all passers-by to wrestling matches and remained invincible as long as he remained in contact with his mother, the earth; as Greek wrestling, like its modern equivalent attempted to force opponents to the ground, he always won, killing his opponents. He built a temple to his father using their skulls. Antaeus fought Heracles. Heracles realized that he could not beat Antaeus by pinning him. Instead, he held him aloft and crushed him to death in a bear hug; the contest between Heracles and Antaeus was a favored subject in ancient and Renaissance sculpture. Antaeus was known to the Berbers as a distinct figure from the Egyptian god of that name. Greeks of the 6th century BC, who had established colonies along the coast of North Africa, placed Antaeus in the interior desert of Libya.
A location for Antaeus somewhere beyond the Berber world might be quite flexible in longitude: when the Roman commander Quintus Sertorius crossed from Hispania to North Africa, he was told by the residents of Tingis, far to the west of Libya, that the gigantic remains of Antaeus would be found within a certain tumulus. In Book IV of Marcus Annaeus Lucanus' epic poem Pharsalia, the story of Heracles' victory over Antaeus is told to the Roman Curio by an unnamed Libyan citizen; the learned client king Juba II of Numidia, husband of the daughter of Antony and Cleopatra, claimed his descent from a liaison of Heracles with Tinga, the consort of Antaeus. In his Life of Sertorius cited above, Plutarch recounts what he says to be a local myth, according to which Heracles consorted with Tinge after the death of Antaeus and had by her a son Sophax, who named a city in North Africa Tingis after his mother. Sophax in his turn was father of Diodorus who conquered many Libyan peoples with his army of Olbians and Mycenaeans brought to Libya by Heracles.
Moreover, some related that Heracles had a son Palaemon by Iphinoe, the daughter of Antaeus and Tinge. Scholiasts on Pindar's Pythian Ode 9 recorded a story which made Antaeus king of the city Irassa in Libya, father of a daughter named either Alceis or Barce. Antaeus promised her hand to the winner of a race, just like Danaus did to find new husbands for his daughters. Alexidamus married the daughter of Antaeus. Three versions of this story, with minor variations, were collected by the scholiasts. Baynes, T. S. ed.. "Antæus". Encyclopædia Britannica. 2. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons. P. 100. "Antaeus". Encyclopædia Britannica. 2. 1911. P. 88. "Antæus". The New Student's Reference Work. 1914. "Antaeus". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology. 1. 1870. Apollodorus, The Library, with an English Translation by Sir James George Frazer, F. B. A. F. R. S. in 2 Volumes. Cambridge, Harvard University Press. Hyginus, Gaius Julius, The Myths of Hyginus. Edited and translated by Mary A. Grant, Lawrence: University of Kansas Press, 1960.
Media related to Antaeus at Wikimedia Commons "ANTAIOS", The Theoi Project
Michael Anti (sport shooter)
Michael E. "Mike" Anti is an American sport shooter, a former Major in the U. S. Army, a marksman in the U. S. Army World Class Athlete Program, he competed at the 1992, 2000, 2004 and 2008 Olympics in 50 m small-bore rifle events and won a silver medal in the three positions event in 2004. In 2009 he became assistant rifle coach at the United States Air Force Academy. In 2017 he became the head coach at the United States Naval Academy
Witchcraft or witchery broadly means the practice of and belief in magical skills and abilities exercised by solitary practitioners and groups. Witchcraft is a broad term that varies culturally and societally, thus can be difficult to define with precision, cross-cultural assumptions about the meaning or significance of the term should be applied with caution. Witchcraft occupies a religious divinatory or medicinal role, is present within societies and groups whose cultural framework includes a magical world view; the concept of witchcraft and the belief in its existence have persisted throughout recorded history. They have been present or central at various times and in many diverse forms among cultures and religions worldwide, including both "primitive" and "highly advanced" cultures, continue to have an important role in many cultures today; the predominant concept of witchcraft in the Western world derives from Old Testament laws against witchcraft, entered the mainstream when belief in witchcraft gained Church approval in the Early Modern Period.
It posits a theosophical conflict between good and evil, where witchcraft was evil and associated with the Devil and Devil worship. This culminated in deaths and scapegoating, many years of large scale witch-trials and witch hunts in Protestant Europe, before ceasing during the European Age of Enlightenment. Christian views in the modern day are diverse and cover the gamut of views from intense belief and opposition to non-belief, in some churches approval. From the mid-20th century, witchcraft – sometimes called contemporary witchcraft to distinguish it from older beliefs – became the name of a branch of modern paganism, it is most notably practiced in the Wiccan and modern witchcraft traditions, no longer practices in secrecy. The Western mainstream Christian view is far from the only societal perspective about witchcraft. Many cultures worldwide continue to have widespread practices and cultural beliefs that are loosely translated into English as "witchcraft", although the English translation masks a great diversity in their forms, magical beliefs and place in their societies.
During the Age of Colonialism, many cultures across the globe were exposed to the modern Western world via colonialism accompanied and preceded by intensive Christian missionary activity. Beliefs related to witchcraft and magic in these cultures were at times influenced by the prevailing Western concepts. Witch hunts and killing or shunning of suspected witches still occurs in the modern era, with killings both of victims for their magical body parts, of suspected witchcraft practitioners. Suspicion of modern medicine due to beliefs about illness being due to witchcraft continues in many countries to this day, with tragic healthcare consequences. HIV/AIDS and Ebola virus disease are two examples of often-lethal infectious disease epidemics whose medical care and containment has been hampered by regional beliefs in witchcraft. Other severe medical conditions whose treatment is hampered in this way include tuberculosis, leprosy and the common severe bacterial Buruli ulcer. Public healthcare requires considerable education work related to epidemology and modern health knowledge in many parts of the world where belief in witchcraft prevails, to encourage effective preventive health measures and treatments, to reduce victim blaming and stigmatization, to prevent the killing of people and endangering of animal species for body parts believed to convey magical abilities.
The word witch is of uncertain origin. There are numerous etymologies. One popular belief is that it is "related to the English words wit, wisdom," so "craft of the wise." Another is from the Old English wiccecræft, a compound of "wicce" and "cræft". In anthropological terminology, witches differ from sorcerers in that they don't use physical tools or actions to curse; this definition was pioneered in a study of central African magical beliefs by E. E. Evans-Pritchard, who cautioned that it might not correspond with normal English usage. Historians of European witchcraft have found the anthropological definition difficult to apply to European witchcraft, where witches could use physical techniques, as well as some who had attempted to cause harm by thought alone. European witchcraft is seen by historians and anthropologists as an ideology for explaining misfortune; the witchcraft label has been applied to practices people believe influence the mind, body, or property of others against their will—or practices that the person doing the labeling believes undermine social or religious order.
Some modern commentators believe. The concept of a magic-worker influencing another person's body or property against their will was present in many cultures, as traditions in both folk magic and religious magic have the purpose of countering malicious magic or identifying malicious magic users. Many examples appear in early texts, such as those from ancient Babylonia. Malicious magic users can become a credible cause for disease, sickness in animals, bad luck, sudden death, impo
Michael Anti (journalist)
Jing Zhao, better known by his pen name Michael Anti, is a Chinese journalist and political blogger, known for his posts about freedom of the press in China. Born in Nanjing, Michael Anti became notable when Microsoft deleted his blog at the end of 2005, his case made headlines around the world and contributed to ongoing debates about the role of Western companies in China's censorship system. Michael Anti himself, while angry at the deletion of his blog, argued that the Chinese are better off with Windows Live Spaces than without it. Michael Anti is experienced in Chinese journalism, he worked as a researcher at The New York Times Beijing bureau. He graduated from Nanjing Normal University in 1995 where he majored in Industrial Electrical Automation, but turned to newspapers in 2001, he has been a commentator for the Huaxia Times, correspondent of the 21st Century World Herald, war reporter in Baghdad in 2003, researcher at The Washington Post Beijing Bureau, columnist for the Southern Metropolis Daily, publisher of the Far and Wide Journal.
He is a recipient of a Wolfson press fellowship at Cambridge University and Nieman Fellowship at Harvard University. He delivered a seminar at the Journalism and Media Studies Centre, The University of Hong Kong, on 12 April 2007, in which he talked about the ways to survive as a journalist in China by introducing two concepts of news reporting: propaganda and professionalism. Most he worked as project director in "Cheung Kong School of Journalism and Communication" of Shantou University from September 2008 to March 2009, but his journalistic education work could be traced to 2002, when he wrote a web post ""Manual for New Journalists"". Michael Anti was awarded the “M100 Sanssouci Media Award 2011” in Potsdam, Germany on 8 September 2011. Michael Anti on the China Digital Times Interview on Cambridge Student Interview on EastSouthWestNorth Google's China Problem Interview with Michael Anti begins at the last paragraph of page five Microsoft removes Michael Anti's blog - IFEX Michael Anti at TED Michael Anti: Behind the Great Firewall of China, a TED talk
Marco Haas is a punk techno DJ known by the stage name T. Raumschmiere, he has released two albums of aggressive electropop and has worked with Miss Kittin and Ellen Allien, helped found the Shitkatapult record label. He is partly responsible for the mid-2000s resurgence of the schaffel beat. In the early 1990s, Marco was the drummer for a hardcore punk group called Zorn, who performed more than 300 shows around Europe, released two albums on Maximum Voice Records. In 1997, his rock band Stormbow released the first on Shitkatapult. Marco founded this now-famous label with Marcus Stotz in Heidelberg. At the same time, Marco was working on a project called shrubbn!!, based on noise improvisation, together with Ulli Bomans. In the same year, Marco got his solo moniker for electronic music: T. Raumschmiere. In 1998, Marco moved to Berlin; the first tracks under the name "T. Raumschmiere" were released on the compilation series Cozmick Suckers on Shitkatapult. Around this time, he began work on a stage project called Pop Poisoned Poetry featuring Miss Tigra, started a monthly event called Erlösung Durch Strom.
In 2000, the first T. Raumschmiere records were released; these records gave him the title of King of Gnarz. The first releases were based completely on samples of these sounds, tuned up or down to get bass or treble, he started drumming again, with his punk rock band Mos Eisley Rock. In 2001, Raumschmiere played more than 150 live and DJ gigs all over the world. In 2002, S.hitkatapult bundled together the best of T. Raumschmiere's Greatest Gnarz Hits on the Great Rock ‘n’ Roll Swindle. A little the album Anti was released by Hefty Records. Marco had been working on new songs with his band Mos Eisley Rock, a few of which have appeared on different compilations. In 2003, T. Raumschmiere was listed as Best Live Act and Shitkatapult as Best Label in several Reader Poll Top 10s, he was offered a record deal on novamute. The first single to be released was "Monstertruckdriver" with "The Game Is Not Over"; the debut album, Radio Blackout, followed. In 2004, more remixes followed, including one for his American friend Quasimodo Jones.
After touring continuously since 2003, T. Raumschmiere tried something new, he enlisted drummer Dirk Mielenhausen and bass player Andreas Paruschke, along with sound engineer Allert Aalders, as his stage cover band for all live concerts and started to sing. The T. Raumschmiere band toured all over Europe, playing festivals in Belgium, the Netherlands and Germany. In 2005, the brand new album Blitzkrieg Pop was released on novamute. After a hiatus, in October 2006, T. Raumschmiere released the track "Die alte Leier", produced in 1996 in Heidelberg with Alex Cortex. After the 2005 album "Blitzkrieg Pop" and the 2006 release "Random Noize Sessions, Vol. 1", T. Raumschmiere is releasing his next album: "I Tank U" in 2008. In December 2009 T. Raumschmiere did the famous bottle of Held Vodka interview with proud magazine, a berlin based music and lifestyle magazine; the name T. Raumschmiere is a cut-up from the German title of the short story "The Dream Cops" by William S. Burroughs: "Die Traumschmiere".
The German title contains several different meanings: TRAUM = dream, subconscious RAUM = room, venue SCHMIERE = grease, smear, spread T. Raumschmiere has mentioned Nine Inch Nails, Big Black, Throbbing Gristle, The Misfits, RKL, Esplendor Geometrico, Deutsch Nepal, Shellac, Dead Kennedys, Black Flag, Aphex Twin, Tool, NON, The Jesus Lizard, Motörhead, The Dillinger Escape Plan, Unsane as inspirational. 2002: Anti 2002: The Great Rock'n' Roll Swindle 2003: Radio Blackout 2005: Blitzkrieg Pop 2006: Random Noize Sessions, Vol. 1 2008: I Tank U 2015: T. Raumschmiere 2003: "Monstertruckdriver" 2003: "Rabaukendisko" 2004: "A Million Brothers" 2005: "Sick like Me" 2005: "Blitzkrieg Pop" 2005: "Very Loud Lullaby" 2006: "Die Alte Leier" 2008: "E" 2008: "Animal Territory/Brenner" Schaffel music Biography for T. Raumschmiere at AllMusic Shitkatapult Record Label Artist profile on Shitkatapult Artist profile on mute.com Official website A bottle of Held Vodka with t.raumschmiere for proud magazine